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Full text of "State papers of Vermont"

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L613352 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




3 1833 01786 5806 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/statepapersofverOOverm 



: 



STATE PAPERS OF 
VERMONT 






VOLUME TWO 



CHARTERS GRANTED 

BY THE 

STATE OF VERMONT 

* • % 

Being Transcripts of Early Charters of Townships 

and Smaller Tracts of Land Granted 

by the State of Vermont 

WITH AN APPENDIX 

Containing the Vermont Charter of Woodbridge, the New Hampshire 
Charter of St. George and Lieut. Andrew F. Phillips Grant 
and Mortgage Thereof; Also Historical and Bibliograph- 
ical Notes Relative to Vermont Towns, Originally 
Compiled in 1895 by Hiram A. Huse, State 
Librarian, Continued and Brought 
Up to Date 

Published by Authority 
By 

HARRY A. BLACK 

Secretary of State ** — 






BELLOWS FALLS 

P. H. Gobie Press, Inc. 

Printers — Binders 

1922 



\ 



1613352 



No. 259— AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE PUBLICATION 
OF STATE PAPERS. 

// is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Vermont: 

Section i. The secretary of state is hereby directed to prepare 
for publication the charters of all towns and gores granted by the state, 
such volumes or parts of the papers of the surveyor general, including 
the reproduction of maps thereof, and such other of the manuscript 
records of his office as in his judgment are of general public interest. 
He shall also procure and file in his office an accurate copy of the book 
of plans made by governor Samuel C. Crafts, showing the lotting of 
towns. 

Sec. 2. All contracts for printing under the provisions of this act 
shall be approved by the commissioner of public printing. 

Sec. 3. Each volume printed under the provisions of this act shall 
be called State Papers of Vermont and numbered consecutively after the 
Index to the Surveyor Generals' Papers. A copy of each of such volumes 
shall be furnished to each state officer, town clerk and public library, 
including school libraries; and one hundred copies shall be furnished to 
the state library for exchanges, one hundred copies to the Vermont 
Historical Society, and the remainder of the edition shall be disposed of 
by the state librarian and the funds turned into the state treasury. Such 
volumes shall be evidence in court and have the same force as the original 
documents. 

Sec. 4. The auditor of accounts shall draw orders for the expense 
of the work herein authorized when the bills therefor have been approved 
by the secretary of state. The sum of two thousand dollars is hereby 
annually appropriated for the years 1913 and 1914 for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of this act. All bills for printing shall be 
approved by the secretary of state and the commissioner of public 
printing. 

Sec. 5. This act shall take effect from its passage. 

Approved February 21, 1913. 

Section 10 of No. 28 of the Acts of 1921, entitled "An Act to Pro- 
vide for Certain Special Appropriations," approved April 1, 1921. 

Sec. 10. State papers. The sum of $2,000 is hereby appropriated 
for the year ending June 30, 1922, and a like sum for the year ending 
June 30, 1923, for the preparation and publication of the state papers 
in accordance with the provisions of No. 259 of the Acts of 19 1 2. 



INTRODUCTORY 



When the "Index to Papers of the Surveyors-General of Ver- 
mont" was made ready for publication by the Secretary of State about 
five years ago, it was decided after due consideration to style it "State 
Papers of Vermont, Volume I" and thus to make a beginning, however 
modest, upon the belated task of printing the extremely interesting and 
valuable official papers of Vermont. 

The present volume continues that purpose by setting forth the 
charters issued by the audacious young state, more particularly under 
the guidance and instigation of Ira Allen, who is entitled to the credit of 
having brought forward proposals which almost entirely obviated the 
necessity of laying taxes upon Vermont to carry on her part in the 
Revolutionary War, which tremendously quickened immigration into 
this state, immediately after that conflict, from all the adjacent, heavily- 
taxed states. 

The recommendation that the property of "Inimical persons" 
commonly called "Tories," be confiscated to the use and profit of this 
state, which originated in young Allen's fertile brain and served to tide 
the infant state over a serious crisis, has become historically famous, 
being adopted by many other states thereafter; and the second recourse 
for raising funds by the sale of vacant lands, for which the same Allen 
was chief sponsor, loomed large in shaping his career, since that course 
logically called for knowledge as to what charters had already been 
issued by New Hampshire and the appointment of a Surveyor-General 
(which inevitably fell to Ira Allen) whose first duty was to map out the 
bounds of existing towns and thus discover the unchartered and un- 
charted lands remaining within the borders of the new state. 

The charters issued by Vermont, framed in some measure after the 
style of those of Benning Wentworth, it is true, but bearing also char- 
acteristic evidences of the spirit of the Freemen of the State of Vermont 
from whom they issued, have waited almost a century and a half to find 
their way into print, which, considering their frequent uses for legal 
purposes and their fine historic association seems rather surprising. The 
printed page can scarcely be expected to equal in beauty the free-hand 
engrossing (mainly from the skillful hand of Thomas Tolman) in which 
the original has been recorded; however, the copy has been followed with 
fidelity, and reproduced without known change of matter. In form, 
some minor and apparently accidental variations (as, for example, in the 
capitalizing of the salutatory and the habendum clauses, which varies 
considerably in the record) have been brought to a uniform standard. 
The reproduction of the symbol for surveyors' degrees, though in- 
teresting as being almost a history showing how the final "d" of old- 



IV INTRODUCTORY 

time writing by successive changes became crystallized into the modern, 
conventional degree-sign, (°) has not been attempted. 

The editor has taken the further liberty to set out, for helpfulness 
and clearness, descriptions for the town bounds in a distinctive type. 
Several duplications of the records of charters have been found and, 
(when not involving any apparent purpose) these have not been redu- 
plicated in the present volume, since this occurred apparently through 
the inadvertence of the Secretary. 

The publication of the New Hampshire Charters of Vermont Towns 
in 1895 (as Volume XXVI of State Papers of New Hampshire) and the 
general distribution of that volume by the assembly of Vermont has 
fulfilled the need of having those charters in book form. For helpfulness 
to the reader not familiar with this book, it may be said that, in addition 
to the original charters of towns issued by New Hampshire, grants to 
(Lieutenants) Peter Brown, Stephen Holland and James Tute may be 
found therein under Dover, and those to (Conductor of Stores) Andrew 
Faneuil Phillips and to (Captain) Robert Rogers under Readsboro and 
to (Captain) John Walker under Wardsboro. The charter of Smith- 
field may be found under Fairfield, Wenlock under Ferdinand, and 
Mansfield under Underhill. 

The New Hampshire charter of St. George, recorded in this volume 
of Vermont Charters by request of inhabitants of that town, as likewise 
the New Hampshire grant to Lt. A. F. Phillips with assignments there- 
under, have been relegated to the appendix. 

It must be conceded that our venerable ancestors, whatever other 
vices they may have developed, were not hidebound as regards trifles 
in the matter of spelling, for (not to specify too minutely) the names 
of brothers, and of the senior and the junior of the same family may be 
found, side by side, on these charters, yet spelled with all the variety 
needful to give spice to life — and pain to the proof-reader and com- 
positor; to the original, however, variegated though it be, we bow as 
authority. 

It is to be borne in mind that the records of the New Hampshire 
town charters were originally procured by the Surveyor-General from 
the New Hampshire Secretary to be recorded and kept by him, but have 
now fallen to the custody of the Secretary of State. Hence, for many 
towns (See Volumes 19 and 19A) two records are found in this office. 
And the volume of Vermont town charters erroneously marked "No. 
2" is plainly one started by Surveyor-General Allen and ends — as did his 
official life — about the time that the charter of Woodbridge was issued 
to himself, which resulted in the displacement, for one term, of worthy 
Thomas Chittenden from his hitherto-unbroken gubernatorial orbit, 
and in other well-known results politically. Reference is had to Ap- 
pendix A for this famous charter, and to the accompanying note, (found 
written on the fly-leaf of "Vol. 2") accounting for its return to the 
Secretary's office. The Vermont charters herewith reproduced come 
from two volumes filed with the Secretary of State, the one clearly 



INTRODUCTORY V 

*' Volume One," the other styled "Volume Three" (but perhaps not 
correctly so) on account of the rejected volume, from which only the 
Woodbridge charter is given, and that for its historical interest. 

Inasmuch as "State Papers of Vermont, Volume i" was illustrated 
by the first known map to show the bounds of Vermont towns, (Reid, 
1796), it is logical that this should be followed by the father of all Ver- 
mont maps (by James Whitelaw, 1796) as the frontispiece in this. The 
valuable Hon. Hiram A. Huse bibliography of the towns of Vermont, 
with particular reference to their available history of record, which first 
appeared in Vol. XXVI, State Papers of New Hampshire, has been con- 
tinued and brought up to date. Now, for the first time, a serious effort 
has been made to show the situation of the town lines of Vermont as 
amended and authorized to be altered by Acts of Assembly from their 
chartered limits. For a century and a half provisional Acts of Assembly 
have been piled up on the statute books, usually dependent upon the 
votes of the towns concerned to determine the result; and as no returns 
had been made to the state office, the determination of the present 
situation has proved no light task. In numerous instances extended 
correspondence and personal inspections of the various town records 
were necessary. 

Within the past year a descendant has had the thoughtfulness to 
send to the Vermont Historical Society two books from the John W. 
Chandler Land Office at Peacham. For an estimate of John W. Chand- 
ler, who deceased in 1855, those interested may refer to the Chandler 
Genealogy, which quotes him as authority questioned by none for over 
half a century in matters of surveys and titles of land in northeastern 
Vermont. These books contain maps of the lottings, names of propri- 
etors, numbers of lots drawn by them, and extensive digests of land- 
titles dating from the first settlements down to 1853, and exhibit a con- 
scientious precision and exhaustive thoroughness and such industry 
as to us degenerate moderns are almost unknown. As these books 
cover nearly one hundred towns (mainly in Caledonia, Essex and 
Orleans counties) they are of considerable value, and so have been con- 
sidered worthy of being included (similarly to the Samuel C. Crafts 
plans in the former volume) under the references, and a copy has 
been made for the Secretary of State's Office. 

There still remain quite a few Vermont towns (having, like Topsy> 
"just growed") without charter from either New Hampshire or Ver- 
mont — many under New York charter — which it is hoped to account 
for in a later volume. For, in the wealth of colonial papers to be found 
in the Secretary's files, there is abundant material to interest, instruct 
and inspire every Vermonter, true to the early ideals of the Green 
Mountain State . 

Respectfully, 

Franklin H. Dewart. 
Burlington, Vermont. 
July, 1922. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Acton (Incorporated from Johnson's Gore) ..... 

Aikin's Gore . . . 3 

Albany (Name changed from Lutterloh) 

Alburgh 4 

Anderson's Gore 6 

Athens 8 

Avery's Gores 9-14 

Avery's Grant ■ . . . . 13 

Bakersfield 14 

Barre (Name changed from Wildersburgh) . ... 

Barton 15 

Belvidere 17 

Benson . 18 

Benton's Gore 20 

Berkshire . . 21 

Bethel . 23 

Billymead .24 

Blake's Gore 27 

Bradleyville (Incorporated out of Pearsall's Gore) 

Braintree 28 

Brighton (Name changed from Random) 

Brookfield 30 

Brownington 32 

Brownington Gore (Granted as part of Brownington) . 32 

Buel's Gore (Granted as a part of Coventry) 

Burke . . 34 

Burke Tongue (Part of Burke) 34 

Cabot 36 

Calais 37 

Caldersburgh . 39 

Cambridge .... 41 

Canaan 43 

Carthage, see Jay 

Charleston (Name changed from Navy) 

Chelsea (Name changed from Turnersburgh) 

Chittenden 44 

Coit's Gore, see Whitelaw, Savage & Coit's Grant .... 

Concord . 46 

Coventry 47 

Coventry Leg 47 

Craftsbury (Name changed from Minden) 



VIII TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Danville . • 49, 53 

Derby 59 

Deweysburgh, alias Dewey's Gore ...... 60 

Duncansborough 62 

East Haven 64 

East Montpelier (From Montpelier) 

Eden 66 

Elmore 67 

Ely, see Vershire 

Enosburgh 69 

Enosburgh Gore 71 

Fair Haven 73 

Fayston . 74 

Fletcher . . . . . 76 

Franklin, see Huntsburgh . . .-""".. . . . 

Gatesborough, see Salem 

Gilead, see Random 

Glover 7$ 

Goshen (Including Goshen Gore No. 1, Goshen Gore No. 2) . 79, 81 

Grand Isle, see Middle Hero 

Granville, see Kingston 

Green & Moulton's Grant, see Whitingham Gore . . . . 

Greensboro 83 

Groton 85 

Hamilton's Gore 87 

Hancock 88 

Hardwick . . 91 

Harris Gore 92 

Hitchcock's Gore 93 

Holland 94. 

Hopkinsville, alias Hopkins' Grant 96 

Hunt Grants, see Whitingham 

Huntsburgh 97 

Hyde Park 99 

Irasburgh 101 

Islands in Lake Champlain and Otter Creek, see Whitelaw, Savage 

and Coit's Grant 

Islands in Onion River, see Knights Gore 

Isle La Motte . • 103 

Jackson's Gore 105 

Jamaica 106 

Jay 108,110 

North Jay (Jay and Cozine Grant) 108 

South Jay (Thos. Chittenden Grant) 1 10 

Johnson . Ill 

Johnson's Gore 113 

Kelly's Grant No. 1 (Kellyvale) 117 



TABLE OF CONTENTS ix 

Kelly's Grants 114.-117 

Kelly's Grant No. 2 ,/ 

" " 3, see Belvidere 

4 115 

" " " c £ 

Kellyvale (Kelly's Grant No. 1) ' ...'.'.".'." u 7 

Kingston . . -. .118 

Kirby (From Hopkinsville and Burke Tongue) .... 

Knight's Gore & Islands in Onion River 120 

Knoulton's Gore, see Bakersfield 

Landgrove 122 

Lincoln 123 

Littleton 125 

Londonderry 127 

Lowell (Name changed from Kellyvale) 

Lutterloh 128 

Lyndon . . " . . . 129 

Marshfield 133 

Marvin's Gore . . . .-."..■ 134 

Medway 135 

Mendon, alias Parkerstown, alias Medway 

Middle Hero, see Two Heroes . . . ... . . . 

Minden . 136 

Missiskouie (Avery's Grant and Kelly's Grant, No. 5) 

Monroe, see Woodbury 

Montgomery 138 

Montpelier 140, 141 

Morgan (Name changed from Caldersburgh) .... 

Morristown 143 

Navy 145 

Newark 146 

Newport (Name changed from Duncansborough) 

Norfolk 148 

Northfield 149 

North Hero, see Two Heroes 

Norton . . . _ 151 

Orange 153 

Parker's Gore . .154,155 

Parkerstown (Incorporated from Parker's Gore and Medway) 

Pearsall's Gore 156 

Philadelphia 157 

Phillips' Grant, see Appendix 

Pittsfield 159 

Plainfield (Incorporated from St. Andrew's Gore) 

Providence, see Barton . 

Randolph 162 

Random 164 



X TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Richford 166 

Ripton 168 

Rochester 170,172 

Roxbury 174 

Royalton 175 

St. Andrew's Gore, see Whitelaw, Savage and Coit's Grant . 

St. Johnsbury 177 

Salem 180 

Searsburgh 181 

Sheffield . 183 

South Hero (From Two Heroes) 

Spooner's Gore . . 185 

Stannard (Goshen Gore No. 1) 

Starksboro 186 

Sterling . 188 

Sutton (Name changed from Billymead) 

Troy, see Missiskouie 

Tunbridge Gore, see Spooner's Gore 

Turnersburgh 190 

Two Heroes 192 

Vershire . . . 195 

Victory 197 

Vineyard, see Isle La Motte 

Waitsfield 199 

Walden . . . . . 201 

Walden Gore 203 

Wardsboro 204 

Warner's Grant 206 

Warren (Including Warren Gore) 207 

Washington 209 

Waterford (Name changed from Littleton) 

Waterville (From parts of Coit's Gore, Bakersfield and Belvidere) 

Westfield 211 

Westford 213- 

West Haven (From Fair Haven) 

Westmore (Name changed from Westford) 

Wheelock 215,217 

Whitingham (Hunt Grants) 218 

Whitingham Gore 219 

Whitelaw, Savage and Coit's Grant & Islands in Lake Champlain 

and Otter Creek 221 

Wildersburgh . . . .223 

Williamsburgh, see Coit's Gore . 

'Williamstown 225 

Windham (Part of Londonderry, Mack's Leg and Anderson's Gore) 

Wolcott . 227 

Woodbridge {see appendix) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS XI 

Woodbury 229 

Wyllys (see Jay) 

APPENDIX 

Woodbridge 235 

St. George 238 

Phillips' Grant and Mortgage thereof . . . . . . 242 

Historical Notes 249 

Index of Names of Persons 377 

Index of Names of Places 419 



Charters Granted 

by THE 

State of Vermont 



CHARTERS GRANTED 

BY THE 

STATE OF VERMONT 



[CHARTER OF AIKIN'S GORE] 

The Charter of a Small Gore of 800 acres of Land Granted Capt. 
Edward Aikins & Co. & Anexed to Londonderry 



The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
— - Freemen of the State of Vermont 



"} 



To All People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know Ye, that Whereas Captain Edward Aikin & his associates, 
(six in Number) have Petitioned for a Grant of a small Gore, or Tract of 
unappropriated Land in this State, situate Lying between, & bounded by 
the Townships of Landgrove, Jamaica, Londondary & Winhall, in order 
for improving & settling the Same, We have therefore thought fit for the 
due encouragement of their laudable designs, & for other considerations 
us hereunto moving, and do by these Presents, in the name & by the 
authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and Grant the 
said Tract or Gore unto him the said Edward Aikins, and to the Several 
Persons hereafter named his associates aforesaid viz 1 , Nathaniel Brown, 
Peter Sylvester, Peter Sylvester 2 d , William Aikin, & Nathaniel Bartlet 
Brown, & their respective Heirs and assigns in equal Rights or shares. 
Which Tract or Gore of Land is situate & discribed as follows viz' 
"Bounding south of Landgrove, north of Jamaca, West of Londondary, 
& East of Winhall, W is Supposed to Contain Eight Hundred acres, be the 
same more or Less; which said Tract or Gore, is also by these Presents, 
annexed to, & from the date hereof is & shall be considered, as a part of 
the Township of Londondary, & the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit S d Tract or gore are hereby declared to be entitled to all the 
priviledges & immunities that the other Inhabitents of the said Town- 



4 CHARTER RECORDS 

ship of Londonderry, do & ought by the Laws and Constitution of this 
State to exercise & enjoy — To Have and to Hold the said granted 
Premises as above expressed, with all the Priviledges & appurtenences 
thereof in equal Shares or rights unto them the said Edward Aikin, 
Nathaniel Brown, Peter Sylvester, Peter Sylvester 2 d , William Aikin & 
Nathaniel B. Brown & to their respective Heirs and assigns forever upon 
the following Conditions viz 1 That each Proprietor of the said Tract or 
gore his Heirs or assigns improve and Cultivate three acres of Land, or 
have one Family settled on Each respective Right or share within the 
Term of three years next after the Conclusion of the Present War 
between America & Great Britain, on penalty of the Forfeiture of Each 
respective Right or share of Land in Tract or gore not so improved, or 
settled, & the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be by their 
Representatives Regranted to such persons, as shall appear to Settle & 
Cultivate the Same. 

In Testimony, whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council this 25 th Day of February in the year of our Lord one 
thousand, Seven hundred & Eighty two, and in the sixth year of the 
Independence of this State 
By His Excellency 3 Command 

Thomas Chittenden 
Tho 3 Tolman D. See*'. 



THE CHARTER OF ALBURGH 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People, to whom these Presents come 

Greeting. Know ye that whereas the Honorable Ira Allen Esq r 
our worthy friend has by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of un- 
appropriated Lands within this State for himself & Associates, in order 
to settle a new plantation thereon to be erected into a Township. We 
Have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of this laudable 
design & for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving. And 
Do by these presents in the Name & by the authority of the freemen of 
the State of Vermont, give & grant the tract of Land hereafter described 
& bounded unto him the said Ira Allen & to the several persons hereafter 
named his associates viz. Mary Varshburn, John Lamb, James Lamb, 
Robart Lamb, Peter Lamb, Abraham Lamb, Charles Lamb, Charles 



ALBURGH 5 

Davis, Richard Davis, Peter Payne, John Roll, Benjamin Dudley, Isaac 
Bunce, Theophilus Bentley, John Abbot, Stephen Abbot, Peter Palmer, 
Simeon Palmer, Job Bunce, James Frost, Ziba Peck, Aaron Sturges, 
Thomas Pangburn, Rodrick Bound, Philip Beard, Joseph Brady, An- 
drew Liscumb, John Jinkins, James Pratt, Samuel Starnes, Obadiah 
Barton, Noble Pearl, Patrick Hine, William Brasur, Zera Dobson, 
Cornelius Vanwicke Amos Petibone Peter Weatherbee Rufus Bolton 
David Brownson, Hebar Sargents, Thomas Varnum, Lodawick Pranty, 
Harris Pebody, Cyrus Grandy, Oliver Doty, Samuel Squire, Isaac 
Benedick, Reuben Foster, Calvin Purdy, Benjamin Braton Ralf Cham- 
berlin, Seth Orsburn, Phinehas Rogers, Henry Smith, Charles Randal, 
Reuben Reed, Zadock Clark, Andrew Morgan, Ralf Brown, Ichabod 
Rogers, Coonrod White Joshua Bloodgood, Martin Page, which together 
with the five following rights or five seventieth parts of said Tract to be 
reserved to the several uses in manner following, include the whole of 
said tract or Township viz — One right for the use of a Seminary or Col- 
lege, One right for the use of County Grammar Schools in S d State, 
Lands to the amount of one right to be & remain for the purpose of 
settlement of a minister or ministers of the Gospel in said Township 
forever; Lands to the amount of one right for the support of the social 
worship of God, in said Township; and Lands to the amount of one 
right for the support of an English school or schools in said Township; 
Which two rights for the use of a seminary or College, & for the use of 
county grammar schools as aforesaid with the improvements, rents, 
interests, & profits arising therefrom shall be under the controul, order, 
direction & disposal of the General assembly of said State forever. And 
ye Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorized & empowered to 
locate said two rights justly & equitably or quantity for quality in such 
parts of said Township as they or their committee shall judge will least 
incommode the general settlement of said tract or Township. And 
the 8l Proprietors are further empowered to locate the Lands aforesaid 
amounting to three rights assigned for the settlement of a Minister or 
ministers; for their support, & for the use & support of english Schools in 
such & in so many places as they or their committee shall judge will best 
accommodate the inhabitants of said Township when the same shall 
be fully settled & improved laying the same equitably or quantity for 
quality. Which said Lands amounting to the three, rights last men- 
tioned when located as aforesaid shall together with their improvements, 
rights, rents, interests & profits remain unalienablely appropriated to 
the uses and purposes for which they are respectively assigned; & be 
under the charge direction & disposal of the inhabitants of said Town- 
ship forever; Which tract of Land hereby given & granted as aforesaid is 
bounded & described as follows — Viz Beginning in the forty fifth degree 
of North Latitude, being the south line of the province of Quebec r d north 
line of Vermont, at a monument in said line on the West side of Missisque 
Bay, Then southerly by the lake shore to the south end of the tract of land 



6 CHARTER RECORDS 

commonly called the Tongue Then Northerly by the Lake Shore to a Monu- 
ment in the south line of the Province of Quebec 1$ north line of Vermont 
aforesaid; Then East in said line to the bound began at. Then East in said 
line across Missisque-Bay & on to the Land so far, that to turn south to the 
northerly line of Highgate, then Westerly in ye line of Highgate To Lake 
Champlain, Then northerly by said Lake to the province line aforesaid, will 
contain in the two tracts of Land included by these lines, the contents of 
Twenty three Thousand & forty Acres of Land. And That the same 
be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the name of Alburgh. 
And the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, 
are declared to be infranchised & entitled to all the privileges & immuni- 
ties that the inhabitants of other Towns within this State do & ought 
by the Laws & constitution of this State to exercise & enjoy. To 
Have & To Hold the said granted Premises, as above expressed with 
all the Privileges & appurtenances thereunto belonging and appertaining, 
unto them & their respective heirs and assigns forever upon the following 
conditions and reservations, viz. That each Proprietor in the Town- 
ship of Alburgh aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate Five 
Acres of Land & build an house at least eighteen feet square on the floor, 
or have one family settled on each respective right within the term of 
three Years next after the circumstances of the present war will admit 
of a settlement with safety, On Penalty of the forfeiture of each 
respective right or share of Land in said Township, not so improved 
and settled, & the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by 
their representatives, regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle 
& cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be 
reserved for the use and benefit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof, We have caused the Seal of this State to 
be affixed in Council this 23 d day of Feb y AD. 1781 & in the 5 Year of 
our independence. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's command 

Thomas Tolman Dep y . Sec y . 



Note. — The foregoing from Vol. I. pp. 70-73 of [Ms.] Vermont Charters is again re- 
corded without substantial change on pp. 23-25 of "Vol. II" Vermont Charters. 



ANDERSONS GORE 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the state of Vermont — 

To all people to whom these presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know Ye, that whereas Captain James Anderson, John Woodburn, 
John McCormick, Peter Aikin, Samuel Eayrs, Joseph Oughterson, James 



ANDERSON S GORE 7 

Mack, Joseph Mack, Archibald Mack, and David Derby, have by their 
petition requested the grant of a Gore or tract of unappropriated lands, 
lying within this state, and bounded as follows to wit, Beginning at a 
stake and stones being Grafton Northwest corner, then south ten degrees west 
jour hundred and eighty chains to a stake with stones, standing on the North 
line of Johnson' s Gore, thence West thirty seven chains to a stake with stones 
on the former East line of Londondarry, thence North ten degrees east four 
hundred and eighty chains to a stake with stones being the North East corner 
of Londonderry as originally granted, thence East thirty seven chains to the 
first bounds; containing about one thousand seven hundred and thirty acres 
of land — We have thought fit, for divers valuable considerat ons us 
hereunto moving and do by these presents in the name and by the 
Authority of the Freemen of the state of Vermont, give and grant the 
gore or tract of land above bounded and described, unto the several 
persons above named their heirs and assigns; which Gore or tract shall 
be and hereby is annexed unto and hereafter shall be taken and reputed 
a part of the town of Windham and the inhabitants which do or shall 
hereafter inhabit said gore or tract shall be entitled to, and have and 
enjoy all the priviledges and immunities which the other inhabitants of 
Windham aforesaid do and ought by law and the constitution of this 
state to exercise and enjoy. 

To have and to hold, the said granted premises, with all the privi- 
leges and appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the said Grantees and 
their respective heirs and assigns forever upon the following conditions 
and reservations, to wit, that each proprietor of the Gore or tract his 
heirs or assigns shall plant or cultivate five acres of land, and build an 
house at least eighteen feet square on the floor or have one family settled 
on each respective right within the term of three years next after the 
first day of July 1785 — on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective 
right or share of land in said tract not so improved or settled, and the same 
to revert to the freemen of this state to be by their representatives re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. 
Granted by the General Assembly by their Resolution bearing date 
the twenty seventh day of February AD. one thousand seven hundred & 
Eighty two — In testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this state 
to be affixed in Council this twenty second day of October AD. one 
thousand eight hundred and one — And of the Independence of the United 
States the twenty sixth 

Isaac Tichenor 
By his Excellencys Command 

Ros. Hopkins Sec y . of State. 

Recorded Oct r 22 d 1801 

Attest Ros. Hopkins Sec y . 




8 CHARTER RECORDS 

[CHARTER OF ATHANS] 

State of Vermont THE GOVERNOR COUNCIL AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 

Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont. 

To all people to whom these Presents shall come — Greeting : 

Know Ye, that whereas it has been represented to us by our 
worthy Friends Doc tr Solomon Harvey, John Moor, and Jonathan 
Perham, and their associates; That there is a Certain Tract or Parcel of 
Vacant Land within this State which has not been heretofore granted, 
which they pray may be granted them. We have therefore tho't fit for 
the due encouragement of setling a New Plantation within this State 
and other Valuable Considerations us hereunto moving; And do by these 
Presents in the Name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State 
of Vermont, Give and Grant unto the said Solomon Harvey, John Moor, 
Jonathan Perham, and the several persons hereafter named their asso- 
ciates, viz 1 , Samuel Skinner, Elisha Aver, Eliphalet Skinner, Zachariah 
Skinner, William Hartwell, Jonathan Baiden, Abraham Derry, Fairbank 
Moore, Fairbank Moore Ju r , William Moore, Timothy W r elman, Timo- 
thy Welman Ju r , Derius Welman, Abel Malton, John CrafTord, Rosebrok 
Crafford, Samuel Ashley, Benjamin Fletcher, Jonathan Foster, Seth 
Oak, Samuel Bailey, Joseph Roser, Micah Read, Joshua Warner, James 
Shafter, Nehemiah Peirce, Timothy Bullock, David Darby, Noah Woo- 
ward, Benjamin Peirce Ju r . Abiel Whitman, Samuel Norcross, Calvin 
Oak, Nathaniel Oak, Silas Thomson, Phillip Goss, Jeremiah Tinkham, 
John Alexander, Darnel Ashley, Nehemiah Hoskins, William Beal, 
Riverius Hooker, Daniel Hooker, Joel Perham, Leonard Perham, Reuben 
Alexander, Asa Alexander, Jonathan F. Holmes, Elias Taylor, Hezekiah 
Haven, Andrew Barber, Edward Houghton, Isreal Chapman, Ellys 
Thayer, Asahel Hooker, Ephraim Holden, Jabez Walcut, Jesse Walcut, 
Jonathan Moore, Peter Wilson, John Perham, Timothy Walker, Cyrus 
Whitcomb, and Cyrus Whitcomb Ju r Together with two equal shares 
to be appropriated to public uses as followith-viz*. one share for the use 
of a school, or'schools within said Town, one share for the first setled Min- 
ister of the Gospel to be disposed of For, that purpose as the Town shall 
direct. The following Tract or parcel of Land lying and being in this 
State discribed and Bounded as follows, viz 1 . Beginning at a certain 
Stake \3 S.ones one Mile North ten Deg s east of the Northwest Corner of 
Westminster; Thence south Ten Deg $ west one mile to the said Northwest 
corner of Westminster, Thence seven miles on the west line of said West- 
minster to Putney North line, Thence west Ten Deg s North on Putney line 
one mile and a half, to a Stake and Stones — Thence North Ten Deg s East 
five miles to a Stake and Stone, Thence west Ten Deg s North one mile and 
a half to a Stake and Stones, Thence North Thirteen Deg s East Two Miles 
and Forty Rods to a Stake and Stones, Thence East three miles to the first 



GORES 9 

mentioned Bounds. And that the same be and hereby is incorporated 
into a Township by the name of Athans and the Inhabitints that do or 
shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised 
and Intitled to all the privildges and Immunities that other Towns with- 
in this State by Law exercise and enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold, the said granted and discribed Tract of Land 
as above expressed with all the priviledges &: appurtenences to them and 
their respective Heirs and assigns forever upon the following Conditions 
and reservasions, Viz 1 . 

I ur *imis That each Proprietor of the Township of Athans aforesaid his Heirs or 
assigns shall plant and Cultivate Ten acres of land and Build a House 
at least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family setled on 
each respective right or Share of Land in said Town within the term 
of Two years Next after this date; And that each proprietor begin an 
Improvement on Each right or share on or before the first day of March 
next, on penalty of the Forfeiture of his right in said Township, And the 
same to revert to the freemen of this State To be by their representatives 
regranted to such as shall effectually settle and Cultivate the same. — 
Provided alwayes, and it is hereby declared not to be the Intent of the 
Grantors, & Grantees, that this grant shall be valied or binding in 
anywayes whatsover where it may Interfere with Grants of N. Hamp- 
shire. — 

StcvxDO That all Pine Trees suitable for Mast and Spars for Shipping be reserved 
to the use & Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof 
we have caused the seal of this State to be afixed at Arlington in the 
County of Bennington this 3 d day of May AD. 1780. and in the fourth 
year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
Joseph Fay Sec y 



Note. — The foregoing from Vol. I, pp. 5 and 6 of [Ms.} Vermont Charters is again 
recorded on pp. 10 and 1 1 of " Vol. II " [Ms.] Vermont Charters, without substantial change . 



[AVERY'S GORES] 

The Charter of three Gores of Land Granted to Samuel Avery Esq. 

The People of the State of Vermont, by the Grace of 
God, Free & Independent 

To all to whom these presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know Ye, that we have given, granted & confirmed & by these 
presents do give grant & confirm, unto Samuel Avery of Westminster, in 
the County of Windham & State of Vermont, Esq 1 " the several Tracts 



I 



IO CHARTER RECORDS 

or parcels of Land following viz 1 , One Gore or Tract of Land lying west 
of Fayston in the County of Chittenden, bounded as follows, Beginning 
at the Northwest Corner of Fayston 13 running South 26 D° west 634 Chains 
in the westerly line of said Fayston to the Southwesterly corner thereof, 
Thence North 10 D° Cif 20 Minutes East, 660 Chains 13 41 links to the 
southerly line of New Huntington, Thence South 67 D° east 147 Chains 13 
J2 links in the southerly line of New Huntington to the southeast corner 
thereof, Thence South 36 D° 13 30 Minutes East 34 Chains 13 78 links to 
the bounds begun at, containing five thousand nine hundred 13 ten acres of 
Land — Also one other Gore or Tract of Land, lying West of Kingston, 
bounded as follows, Beginning at the Northwest ^Corner of Kingston, 
being a hemlock Tree standing on uneven land, marked Kingston Cornet 
1787,13 running South 36 D° West six Miles 13 28 Chains in the west line 
of said Kingston to a great birch Tree marked Kingston southzvest corner 

1787, Thence north 61 D° IV est in the northerly line of Hancock about a 
Mile to the east line of Ripton, Thence North nine Degrees East, about six- 
Miles to the Northeasterly corner thereof, Thence north 81 D° West six 
Miles 13 ten Chains to the Northwesterly corner thereof, Thence North 
8q D° East in the South line of Lincoln six miles \3 30 Chains to the point 
where Lincoln line intersects the southerly line of Warren, Then South 61 
D° East about four Miles to the bounds begun at — containing Eight thou- 
sand seven hundred 13 forty four Acres of Land, Also one Tract or Gore of 
Land lying West of Lewis in the County of Orrange, bounded as follows, 
Beginning at the most westerly corner of Lewis, being a great birch Tree 
marked Lewis west Corner Sept: 13 , 1783, 13 running north 43 D° West 
one Mile 13 33 Chains to a stake standing in the Northeasterly line of 
Caldersburgh 16 links South 33 D° West from a Spruce Tree Marked Warren 

1788, Then North 17 D° East five Miles 13 17 chains 13 thirty Links to a 
birch Tree marked Warren 1788 standing in the southerly line of Hamilton, 
Thence South 82 D° 13 20 Minutes East, in the southerly line of said 
Hamilton to the Southeasterly corner thereof to a Spruce tree marked N°3, 
13 N°6, 1783, standing in the westerly line of Averill, Thence south forty 
Degrees West in the westerly line of Averil 13 Lewis about seven Miles 13 a 
half to the bounds begun at, containing Ten thousand six hundred 13 Eighty 
five Acres of Land — Together with all & singular the rights, heredita- 
ments, & appurtenences, to the same belonging, or in any wise apper- 
taining; excepting & reserving to ourselves all gold & Silver Mines. 

To have <?: to hold the above described & granted premises unto the 
said Samuel Avery his heirs & assigns, as a good indefeasible estate, 
forever, On Condition nevertheless, that within the Term of seven years 
to be computed from the first day of January next ensuing the date 
hereof, there shall be one actual settlement made on the said Tract 
of land hereby granted to every five hundred Acres, otherwise these 
our Letters patent, & the estate hereby granted shall cease, determine, 
& become void. In Testimony whereof we have caused these our 
Letters to be made patent & the great seal of our said State to be here- 
unto affixed; Witness our Trusty & wellbeloved Thomas Chittenden 



AVERY S GORES II 

Esquire Governor of our said State, General, Commander in Chief of 
all the Militia of the same, at Bennington this 27 day of January A D 
1791 & in the 15 year of our independence — Passed the Secretary 8 
Office the 27 day of Jan y . 1791 

By His Excellency s Command Thomas Chittenden 

Joseph Fay Sec y . 



Charter of a tract of land granted to Sam 1 Avery Esq. 

The People of the State of Vermont, by the Grace of 
God, Free and Independent 

To all to whom these Presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know Ye, that we have given, granted, and confirmed, an by 
these presents, do give, grant, and confirm, unto Sam 1 Avery Esq r All 
that Certain Tract or Parcel of land situate lying and being in the 
County of Chittenden and State of Vermont, Bounded westerly on a 
Tract of Land granted to Luke Knoulton Esq r ., Northerly on Mont- 
gomery, Easterly on a Tract of Land granted to John Kelly Esq r , by 
the name of Kellyvale and Southerly on Belvidere Township. Be- 
ginning at the most northerly corner of Tract N° 1. Chartered to John 
Kelly by the name of Kellyvale which is in the Southerly bounds of the 
Township of Montgomery, thence along the said Township of Kellyvale, 
south thirty six degrees west three miles and thirty Chains to the second 
corner of the Township of Kellyvale which is one of the corners of the Town- 
ship of Belvidere granted to the s d . John Kelly, Thence nearly west along the 
bounds of the last mentioned Township about five miles and three quarters to 
the southeasterly Corner of a Tract of Land granted to Luke Knowlton Esq 1 . 
Thence along the Easterly line of said Tract, North forty six degrees and 
thirty minutes East four miles and thirty Eight Chains to the northeasterly 
Corner thereof which is in the southerly line of the Township of Enosburgh 
thence along the southerly line of Enosburgh and Montgomery south Eighty 
two degrees and twenty minutes East to the place of Beginning, containing 
nine Thosand seven hundred and twenty three Acres of Land together with 
all and singular the Rights, Hereditaments, and Appurtenances to the 
same belonging, or in any Wise appertaining; excepting and reserving to 
ourselves all Gold & Silver mines To have and to hold the above described 
and granted premises unto the said Samuel Avery and to his Heirs and 
Assigns, as a good and indefeasible Estate of Inheritence forever. On 
condition nevertheless, that within the Term of seven years to be com- 



12 CHARTER RECORDS 

puted from the first day of January next ensuing the date hereof, there 
shall be one actual Settlement made for every six hundred and forty acres 
of the said Tract of Land hereby granted; otherwise these our Letters 
Patent, and the estate hereby granted, shall cease, determine and become 
void. 

In Testimony whereof, We have caused these our Letters to be made 
patent, and the great Seal of our said State to be here unto affixed. Wit- 
ness our trusty and well beloved Thomas Chittenden, Esquire Governor 
of our said State, General and Commander in Chief of all the Militia 
of the same, at Windsor this 29 th day of October in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and ninety one and in the 15 th Year of our 
Independence. Passed the Secretarys office the 29 th day of Oct r . 1791 
By His Excellency 3 Command Tho 3 Chittenden 

Joseph Fay Sec y 
Recorded February 23 d 1809 Att. Th. Leverett Sec y . 



The Charter of Five hundred & fifty four Acres of Land granted to 

Samuel Avery Esq r . 

The People of the State of Vermont by the Grace of 
God Free & Independent 

To all to whom these Presents shall come — Greeting: — 

Know Ye that we have given granted & Confirmed and by these 
presents Do give grant and Confirm unto Samuel Avery of Westminster 
in the County of Windham & State aforesaid Esquire One Certain Tract 
or Parcel of Land Described & bounded as follows Viz 1 , Beginning at 
the Most Eastarly Corner of Highgate 13 Running South seventy seven De- 
grees 13 thirty Minutes East three Miles and fifty one Chains 13 Twelve 
Links to the West Line of Berkshire thence South in the West Line of Berk- 
shire forty Chains thence North Seventy Degrees West three Miles Sixty one 
Chains and fifty Links to the Bounds began at Containing five hundred 
and fifty four Acres being part and in pursuance of a Grant of Land made 
unto the said Samuel Avery by the Legislature of said State at their 
Session holden at Westminster in October AD 1789 together with all and 
Singular the Rights Hereditaments & Appurtenances thereunto be- 
longing or in any wise Appertaining — 

To Have & To Hold the aforesaid granted and Described Premises 
unto the said Samuel Avery his Heirs and assigns as a good Indefeasible 



13 

estate of Inheritance forever Ox Condition Nevertheless that within 
the Term of seven years to be Computed from the first of January next 
ensuing the Date hereof there shall be one actual settlement made on the 
aforesaid Tract of Land granted so as aforesaid Otherwise these our 
Letters Patent and the estate hereby granted shall Cease Determine and 
become Void — 

In Testimony whereof we have Caused these Letters to be made Patent 
& the great Seal of our said State to be hereunto affixed Witness our 
Trusty and well beloved Thomas Chittenden Esquire Governor of said 
State General & Commander in Cheif of all the Militia of the Same at 
Williston this 28 Day of June in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and ninety six 
By his Excellency 3 Command 

Thomas Chittenden 
Truman Squier Secretary 



[AVERY'S GRANT] 

Charter of a Tract of Land granted to Sam 1 Avery Esq 

The People of the State of Vermont, by the Grace of 
God, Free and Independent, 

To all to whom these Presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know Ye, That we have given, granted, and confirmed, and by 
these Presents do give, grant, and confirm unto Samuel Avery Esquire 
of Westminster in the County of Windham and State aforesaid all that 
certain Tract or parcel of Land lying and being in the County of Orange 
in the State aforesaid and is described and bounded as follows Viz 1 
Beginning at the northwest corner of a Tract of Land surveyed for John 
Kelly Esquire, being a Hemlock Tree Marked IK MC 1792 standing in 
the East line of Carthage 120 chains north from the southeasterly corner 
thereof and running north in said East line of Carthage about four miles 
and a half to the northeast corner thereof. Thence S 82 20' E in the north 
line of the State 5 miles & 1$ chanes to the northwesterly corner of Duncans- 
borough, being a beach Tree Standing on the west side of a Hemlock 13 spruce 
ridge marked Duncansborough 1789 then South 20° west about Four mile* 
and 40 chains in the westerly line of Duncansborough to a Hemlock tree 
marked I KM 1792 being the NE corner of a Tract Surveyed for John 
Kelly Esq r . thence N 82 20' zvest to the bounds began at containing Eleven 



CHARTER RECORDS 

fk^sarJ and forty acres, together with all and singular the Rights 
Hereditaments and Appurtenances to the same belonging, or in any Wise 
appertaining; excepting & reserving to ourselves all Gold & Silver mines. 
To have and to hold the above described &: granted Premises unto the 
said Samuel Avery and to his Heirs & Assigns, as a good and indefeasible 
Estate of Inheritance forever, On condition nevertheless, that within the 
term of Seven years, to be computed from the first day of January next 
ensuing the date hereof, there shall be one actual settlement made for 
every six hundred and forty acres of the said Tract of Land hereby 
granted; otherwise these our Letters Patent, and the Estate hereby 
granted, shall cease, determine, and become void — 

In testimony whereof, We have caused these our Letters to be made 

patent, and the great seal of our said State to be hereunto affixed Witness 

our trusty and well beloved Thomas Chittenden Esquire Governor of 

our said State, General and Commander in Chief of all the Militia of the 

same, at Rutland this 27 th day of October in the year of our Lord one 

thousand seven hundred and ninety Two and in the 16 year of our 

Independence. 

Passed the Secretarys office the 28 th day of December one thousand seven 

hundred and ninety two 

By His Excellency's Command Thomas Chittenden 

Joseph Fay Sec y 

Recorded February 24 th 1809 Th. Leverett Sec y 



THE CHARTER OF BAKERSFIELD 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all people to whom these presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know Ye that Luke Knoulton Esquire our worthy friend has by 
petition requested a grant of unappropriated Land within this State for 
the purpose of settling a New plantation; We have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of his laudable design & for other valuable 
causes & considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these presents 
in the Name & by the authority of the freemen of Vermont; give & grant 
unto the said Luke Knoulton & to his heirs & assigns forever the tract 
of Land bounded & described as follows (to wit) Beginning at a Maple 
tree Standing in the most northwesterly corner of Kelly 3 Grant, marked 
Knoulton, Kelly 1789, And Runing North 82 D° & 20 Minites West 5 



BAKERSFIELD — BARTON 1 5 

Miles 13 55 Chains to a Stake standing in the Easterly line of Smithfield 
lO Links North 20 D° East from a beach tree Marked Enosburgh, Knoulton 
1780, Then South 20 D° West in said Easterly line of Smithfield two Miles 
72 Chains 13 50 Links to the Southeasterly Corner thereof ', being a Stake 75 
Links South 20 D° East, from a beach tree Marked Smithfield Corner, 
Knoulton 1780 Then South 70 D° East three Miles 48 chains to a Spruce 
tree marked W ms Burgh, Knoulton 178Q, Then North 46 D° \3 30 Minutes 
East four Miles if! 38 chains in the westerly line of Kelly 3 , grant to the bounds 
began at, containing ten thousand Acres, Reserving out of s d grant three 
hundred Acres for the following public uses viz One hundred & fifty Acres 
for the support of an English School in said Tract & one hundred & fifty 
Acres for the support of a Minister of the Gospel within the said Tract to 
be & remain unalienably appropriated to those purposes respectively, 
the uses, rents & profits of which shall be under the direction of the 
selectmen within the limits of said Tract, in trust to & for the uses of the 
inhabitants thereof for the purposes afores d forever, & that the said two 
Lotts of Land shall be laid quantity for quality or so as to be a just 
average of the Lands in said Tract, And the Inhabitants possessing the 
afores d Tract of Land shall be entituled to equal privileges with the 
inhabitants of any other Gore of equal extent within this State & that 
it be called and Known by the name of Bakersfield. 

To have & to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences thereunto belonging unto the 
said Luke Knoulton & to his heirs & assigns forever, on condition that 
he cause the settling duties upon the afores d Tract of Land to be done by 
actual Settlement & improvement in the same way & manner as is pro- 
vided in other Towns granted by this State & to be under the same re- 
strictions & subject to the like penalties & forfeitures in case of neglect. 
In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council this 25 th , day of January 1791 in the 15 th year of our 
Independence. 

By His Excellency s Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . Thomas Chittenden 



<«} 



THE CHARTER OF BARTON 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont, 

To all People to zvhom these Presents shall come — Greeting: 



Know Ye that whereas our worthy Friend Colonel William 
Barton and his associates, have by petition requested a grant of un- 
located Land within this State for the purpose of settleing a new planta- 



l6 CHARTER RECORDS 

tion to be erected into a Township, We have therefore thought fit for the 
due encouragement of their Laudable designs, and for other valuable 
causes and considerations us hereunto moving. — And do by these Pre- 
sents in the name and by the authority of the Freemen of the State of 
Vermont, give and grant unto the said William Barton and the several 
persons hereafter named, his associates, the tract of Land hereafter 
described and bounded to be divided into equal shares, viz 1 , Colonel 
William Barton six seventieth Parts; Cotton Gilson seven seventieth 
parts; John Murry four seventieth parts; Hon bl Ira Allen Esq r Eighteen 
seventeth parts; Hon bl Daniel Owen Esquire three seventieth parts; 
Elhanah W T atson two seventieth parts; Charles Hendy two seventieth 
parts; Henry Rice two seventieth parts, and the following names are to 
be entitled to one seventieth part, viz, Peter Phillips Esq r , William 
Griswold, Benjamin Gorton, John Gorton, Joseph Whitmarsh, Elisha 
Bartlet, Richard Steer, Enoch Sprague, John Holbrook, Benjamin 
Hendy, John Mumford, Benjamin Bowen, Michael Holbrook, Colonel 
Asa Kempble, Ephraim Bowen Ju r , Joseph Gorton, Elijah Bacon, 
Joshua Bliven, David Barton, Paul Jones, Elijah Gore. — Together with 
the five following equal shares to be appropriated to public uses in 
manner following, viz 1 , one equal share for the benefit of a College within 
this State one equal share for the benefit of County Grammer Schools 
throughout this State, one equal share for the first settled minister of 
the Gospel in said Town, one equal share for the benefit of an English 
School within said Town, & one equal share for the benefit and support 
of the Ministry in said Town to be appropriated for that purpose as the 
Inhabitants of said Township shall from time to time judge proper. — 
Which tract of Land hereby given & granted as aforesaid is described 
& bounded as follows, viz 1 ., 

Beginning at the Northeast comer of Glover and runing North 54 West 
in the North line of Glover six miles to the Easterly line of Lutterloh, then 
North 36 East six miles in the easterly lines of Lutterloh and Irasburgh, 
then south 54 East about six miles & a quarter to the westerly line of West- 
more, then Southwesterly in the westerly lines of Westmore & Sheffield to 
the bound began at Containing Twenty three thousand and forty Acres. 
And That the same be and hereby is incorporated into a Township by 
the Name of Barton, and the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter in- 
habit said Township are declared to be enfranchised and entitled to all 
the privileges & immunities that the Inhabitants of other incorporated 
Towns within this State do by Law exercise and Ejoy. — To have and 
to hold the said granted premises with all the privileges and appur- 
tenance belonging or in any wise appertaining unto them & their 
respective Heirs and assigns forever, on the following conditions & 
reservations, viz' that each proprietor in the Township of Barton his 
heirs or assigns shall plant and cultivate five acres of Land & build a 
House at least eighteen feet squar on the floor; or have one family settled 
on each respective right or share of Land in said Township within the 
term of three years from the time the outlines of said Township were 



BELVEDERE 17 

■surveyed, on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective right or share 
of Land in said Township not so settled & improved as aforesaid and 
the same to revert to the Freemen of this state to be by their repre- 
sentatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle and culti- 
vate the same The aforesaid grant being made on the 20 th day of Octo- 
ber AD 1 78 1. — In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this 
State to be affixed this 20 th day of October AD 1789 and in the four- 
teenth year of our Independence. 

Moses Robinson. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Joseph Fay Secr/. 



THE CHARTER OF BELVEDERE 

The People of the State of Vermont, by the Grace of 
God, Free & Independent 

To all to whom these presents shall come — Greeting: 
Know Ye, that we have given, granted, & confirmed, & by these 
presents, do give, grant, & confirm unto John Kelley of the City of New 
York Esquire, All that certain Tract or parcel of Lands situate, lying, 
& being in the County of Chittenden & State of Vermont, Beginning 
at the N orthwestermost corner of Eden 1$ running South 36 D° 
West six Miles 55? 20 Chains in the westerly line of Eden & part of Hides- 
park to the Northeasterly corner of Johnson Thence North 54 D° West in the 
Northerly line of Johnson six Miles to the Northwesterly corner thereof, 
Thence North 54 D° West one hundred & forty seven chains & 15 Links to 
the easterly Line of a Tract of Ten thousand Acres of Land granted to James 
Whitlaw ($ others called Williamsburgh; Thence North 7 D° & 30 Minutes 
East in the Easterly line of said Williamsburgh to a Spruce Tree standing 
on the North side of a Ledge marked W ms Burgh Knoulton 1789, Thence 
nearly east, about five Miles & three quarters to the Southwesterly corner of 
Tract N° 1, called the Township of KellyVale, Thence South 54 D° East 
four Miles Iff 30 Chains to the first bounds, containing thirty thousand fcf 
one hundred Acres of Land . . . Together with all and singular the 
rights, Hereditaments, & appurtenences to the same belonging, or in any 
wise appertaining; excepting & reserving to our selves all gold & silver 
Mines. To have & to hold the above described & granted premises 
unto the said John Kelly his heirs & Assigns, as a good indefeasible Estate 
of inheritance forever. On Condition Nevertheless, that within the 
Term of Seven Years to be computed from the first day January Next 



I 8 CHARTER RECORDS 

ensuing the date hereof, there shall be one actual settlement made for 
every six hundred & forty Acres of the said Tract of Land hereby 
granted; Otherwise these our Letters patent, & the estate hereby granted, 
shall cease, determine & become void; And also reserving for Public uses 
the usual quantity of Land reserved in other Townships, chartered by 
this State, to be laid out at the place of Beginning, & We do also create. 
Erect, constitute establish & appoint The Tract of Land hereby granted 
a Township to be called & forever hereafter known by the Name of 
Belvedere, with the usual privileges Granted to other Townships in 
this State — 

In Testimony whereof, We have caused these our Letters to 
be made patent, & the great seal of our s d State to be hereunto Affixed, 
Witness our Trusty & well beloved Thomas Chittenden, Esquire Gover- 
nor of our said State, General & commander in chief of all the Militia 
of the same at Windsor this 4 th Day of Nov r ADo, 1 791, in the 15 th Year 
of our independence. 
By His Excellency 8 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF BENSON 

State of Vermont The GOVERNOR, COUNCIL, AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 

< — * — - Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont 



{,,} 



To all People to whom these presents shall come — Greeting : 



Know Ye that whereas it has been Represented to us by our [loving] 
Friends James Meachum and Ezekiel Blair & their [associates] "That 
there is a tract or Parcel of Vacant Land within this State which has not 
been heretofore Granted" which they pray may be Granted to them. 
We have therefore thot fit for the due encouragement of setling a New 
plantation within this State and other valuable considerations us here- 
unto moving, and do by these presents, in the name and by the Au- 
thority of the freemen of the State of Vermont give and Grant unto the 
said James Meachum, [Ezekiel] Blair and the Several persons hereafter 
named their associates] [viz] Jesse Southwick, Ichabod Southwick, 
Absolum Baker, James Smith [David] Johnson, Nathaniel Smith Ju r , 
Solomon Coggesdil, Ebenezer Allen, Wi[lliam] Hooker, Eli Baker, Noah 
Chittenden, Stephen Olmsted, Benjamin [Dibble] Joseph Craw Ju r , 
Samuel Church, Matthew Duning, Daniel Watson, Cu[rtis] Kelsey, 
William Dunton, James Parkil, Abner How, John Grant, Josia[h] Grant, 
Elisha Ashley, William Ashley, John Smith Polteny, Samuel Clark, 



BENSON 



19 



[one share 

for [the 

sup]port of 

the 

[mi\nistry] 

\le)ft out 

thro 

[m]istake 

[in] the 

original] 



IMPRIMIS 



Secundo 



David Southwick, Isaac Sherwood, Jonathan Sherwood, Benjamin 
Sherwood, Josiah Brown, Abner Eaton, Nathan Jeffords, Alexander] 
Stone, Elijah Galusha, Dudley Hambleton, [Roderick Messenger, 
Jonathan Howard, Ch]arles Safbins, Alpheus Eaton, Isaac Clark, Eli 
Cowles, Cyrus Clark, Stephen Dunning, William Meachum, Abraham 
Meachum,] Stephen Fay, John Grover, Joseph Gleazen, Timothy John- 
son, Robert Fuller, Isaac Meachum, Elisha Allen, Samuel Allen, Abso- 
lem Blair, Ebenezer Hyde, Ithamer Hibberd, William Ward Esq r , 
Stephen, Row, Bradley, Ira Allen, Jacob Safford, Simeon Sears, Jonas 
Fay, Thomas Chittenden, Jeremiah Clark, Reuben Nash, John Fassett 
Ju r , Eleazer Dudley, Daniel Burbank, Barakiah Johnson, Phinehas 
Dudley, and Joseph Fay; — Together with five equal shares to be ap- 
propriated to public uses as follows, Viz 1 one share for the use of a 
Simenary or Colledge within this State, one share for the first setled 
Minister of the Gospel to be disposed of for that purpose as the Town 
shall direct. — one share for the County Grammer Schools throughout 
this State, one share for the use of a School or Schools within said Town, 
The following tract or parcel of Land lying and being in this State dis- 
cribed and bounded as follows, viz' Begining on the east Bank of Lake 
Champlain six miles South from zvhere the English Flag Staff formerly stood 
at Tyconderoga Fort it being the southwest west Corner of the Township of 
Orwell; Then east about seven miles until Turning south 10 Deg 3 west will 
run in Hughbarton and Castleton west lines, Thence south ten Deg 3 , west 
seven miles, Thence west ten Deg s North eight miles and Twenty six Rods to 
Lake Champlain, Thence Northerly by the side of said Lake at Low water 
Mark to the bounds first mentioned. Containing by estimation Twenty five 
thousand, two hundred and fourteen acres be the same more or less — And 
That the same be incorporated into a Township by the name of Benson 
and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit y* said Township 
are declared to be Enfranchised, and Entitled to all the priviledges and 
Immunities that other Towns within this [state do by Law exercise] and 
enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold The said Granted and discribed Tract of 
Land as above expressed, with all the priviledges and appurtenances to 
them and their Respective Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following 
Conditions, viz 1 . 

That each Proprietor of Township of Benson aforesaid his hiers or 
assigns shall plant and Cultivate Ten acres of Land and build a house 
at Least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family setled on 
Each respective right or share of Land within the term of two years next 
after the Conclusion of the present War between G. Britain and America 
or in two years after the Province of Quebec shall be United with the 
free and Independent States of America, on penalty of the Forfieture of 
his Right or share in said Township, and the same to Revert to the free- 
men of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to such per- 
sons as shall effectually settle and Cultivate the Same. 
That all pine Trees suitable for Mast and Spars for Shiping, be Reserved 



20 CHARTER RECORDS 

to the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony 
whereof we have caused the seal of this State to be affixed at Arlington 
in the County of Bennington this Fifth Day of May AD. 1780 and in the 
Fourth year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — The foregoing from Vol. I, pp. 9-1 1 of [Ms.J Vermont Charters is again re- 
corded without substantial change on pp. 12 and 13 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont Charters. 



[CHARTER OF BENTON'S GORE] 

Beaton's Gore THE GOVERNOR COUNCIL AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE 

' — * — - Freemen of the State of Vermont 

(ls 1 

\ / To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know Ye that Whereas Samuel Benton Thomas Bentley Amos 
Ives John Train Noel Potter Andrew Potter Reuben Pitcher Orange 
Train Oliver Train Benjamin Whipple Mary Young Ebenezer Young 
Eliphalet Lockwood Frederick Bawldwin Simeon Strong Amos Fuller 
Levi Scribner David Dunning Samuel Comstock John Barrett John 
Barrett Jun r . James McElroy and Thomas Barrett have by their 
Petition requested a grant of a Gore or Tract of unappropriated Land 
lying within this State Bounded northerly on a Grant made to Abraham 
•Jackson and Company Easterly on Andover Southerly on a Tract granted 
to William Utley and Company and westerly on Harwich — We have 
thought fit for divers valuable Considerations us hereunto moving 
And Do by these Presents In the name and by the Authority of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont give and grant the Gore or Tract of 
Land above bounded and described {containing by estimation five thou- 
sand Acres) and to the several persons before named their Heirs and 
Assigns And that the said Gore or Tract of Land be and is hereby 
annexed unto and hereafter shall be taken and reputed a part of the 
Town of Andover And the Inhabitants which do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Gore shall be entitled to and have and enjoy all the Privi- 
ledges and Immunities that the other inhabitants of Andover aforesaid 
do and ought by Law and the Constitution of this State to exercise and 
enjoy. To have and to hold the said Granted Premises with all the 
Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining unto 
the said Grantees and their respective Heirs and Assigns forever upon 
the following Conditions and Reservations (viz 1 .) that each Proprietor 



benton's gore — Berkshire 21 

in the Tract of Land aforesaid his Heirs or Assigns shall plant and cul- 
tivate five Acres of Land and build an house at least eighteen Feet square 
on the Floor or have one Family settled on each respective right within 
the term of three Years next after the first day of July in the Year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty five on Penalty of the 
Forfeiture of each respective right or share of Land in said Tract not so 
improved or settled — and the same to revert to the Freemen of this 
State to be by their Representatives regranted to such persons as shall 
appear to settle and Cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy be reserved for the use and benefit of the Freemen of this 
State. In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to 
be affixed in Council this twenty fifth day of October in the Year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty one and in the fifth Year 
of the independence of this State. Thos. Chittenden. — By His 
Excellency's Command Micah Townsend Secry. 



CHARTER OF BERKSHIRE 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of Repre- 
sentatives of the Freemen of Vermont. 



{*»} 



To All People to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: 



Know Ye that, Whereas it has been Represented to us by our 
worthy Friends William Goodrich, Barzilla Hudson, Charles Dibble, and 
Company, sixty in Number, that there is a Tract of Vacant Land within 
this State which has not been heretofore Granted, which they Pray may 
be Granted to them — We have therefore thot Fit for the due encourage- 
ment of setling a New plantation within this State & other Valuable 
considerations us hereunto Moving, And Do by these presents in the 
name and by the authority of the Freemen of Vermont, give and Grant 
unto the said William Goodrich, Barzilla Hudson, Charles Dibble and 
the several persons hereafter named their associates, (viz,) Erastus Ser- 
gant, Enoch Brown, Hezekiah Parmely, John Sibly, John Nash, Samuel 
Bostick, Elnathan Curtis Jun r ., Abel Hart, Elias Willard Ju r ., Isaac 
Marsh, Isaac Marsh Ju r ., Joseph W. Marsh, Josiah Wright Ju r ., William 
Walker, Caleb Culver, Isaac Curtis, Abel Curtis, Jonathan Yates, David 
Pixley, John Fisk, Silas Pepoon, Joseph Gilbert, Elias Gilbert, Israel 
Dibble, Isaac Woodruff, Caleb Walker, Charles Dibble Ju r ., Truman 
Dibble, John North, Abraham Brown, Aaron Root, George Root, 
Ammery Woodruff, Joel Phelps, Joseph Pason, Hezekiah Talkott, Harvy 
Bell, Solomon Bell, Abel Hart Ju r ., Joseph Fay, Joseph Emerson, David 



22 CHARTER RECORDS 

Curtis, Benjamin Bird, Asa Pixley, Moses Narsh, Jonathan Ingersoll, 
Thomas L. Woodbeck, Isreal Dewey, Joseph Flag, Samuel Mattocks, 
Thomas Chittenden, Nathaniel Patten, Joseph Hildrup, Daniel Jones, 
George Goodwin, Asa Bement, Ebenezer Bement, and Peter Pixley, 
Together with five Equal shares to be appropriated to Public uses as 
follows, viz, one share for the use of a Simenary or Colledge within this 
State, one share for the use of the County Grammer Schools throughout 
this State, one share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said 
Town, to be disposed of for that purpose as the Inhabitants thereof shall 
direct, one share for the Support of the Ministry. One share for the 
Benifit and support of a School or Schools within S d Town, The following 
Tract or Parcel of Land, (viz.) Begining on the South line of the Province 
of Quebec, and Forty fifth Degree of North Lattatude being the North line 
of this State about twelve Miles east of Lake Champlain, viz, where a 
Parrallel line with the Easterly line of the Township of Hungerford, being 
continued Northwardly will intersect said 45 th deg of Northern Lattatude, 
Then east in said line six Miles — -Then southerly on such point as to gain 
six miles, then west Parallel with said Lattatude line on a Parpendicular 
from said Lattatude line to the easterly line of the Lands heretofore Granted 
by New Hampshire; Then Northerly in such line to the bounds began at, 
will contain the Contents of six Miles square and no more. And that the 
same be and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the Name of 
Berkshire and the inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit S d 
Township are declared to be Infranchised and Intitled to all the Privi- 
ledges and Immunities that other Towns within this State Do by Law 
exercise and enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the Priviledges and appurtenences, to them and their respective 
Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following Conditions and Reservas- 
ions, (viz,) that Each Proprietor of the Township of Berkshire aforesaid 
his Heirs or assigns 6hall Plant and Cultivate five acres of Land and 
Build a House at least eighteen feet square on the Floor, or have one 
Family settled on each Respective Right of Land in said Township within 
the Term of Four years next after the circumstances of the War will 
admit of settlement with Safety, on penalty of the Forfeiture of his 
Grant or share of Land in said Town, And the same to revert to the 
freemen of this State to be by their Representatives Regranted to Such 
persons as shall appear to settle and Cultivate the Same, That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved to the use and Benifit of the 
Freemen of this State, In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal 
of this State to be afixed this 22 d Day of June 1781 and in the 5 th year 
of the Independence of this State. 

Thos. Chittenden 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

The name of Abel Curtis Interlined by me being in the original 
Charter & omitted in Registering, the mistake Rectified Aug 1 8 1788. 

Pr. Joseph Fay Sec 7 . 

Note. — The foregoing charter printed from Vol 1, pp. 22-24 of [Ms.] Vermont Charters 
is also recorded on pp. 21-22 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont Charters, without substantial 
change. 



BETHEL 23 

THE CHARTER OF BETHEL 

State of Vermont THE GOVERNOR, COUNCIL AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE 

Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont. 
To all People to whom these presents shall Come Greeting : 




Know Ye that whereas it has been Represented to us by our Loving 
Friends John Payne, John House and there associates, "That there is a 
Tract or Parcel of vacant Land lying with [in] this State, which has not 
been heretofore Granted" which they pray may be Granted to them. — 
We have therefore, tho't fit for the due Encouragement of Setling a 
New plantation within this State; and other Valuable Considerations 
us hereunto moving; And Do by these Presents, in the name and by the 
authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, Give and Grant unto 
the said John Payne, John House & the Several persons hereafter named 
their associates (Viz t .,) Dudly Chase, Benjamin Smith, Simeon Chase, 
John Hibbard, Mathew Stone, Benjamin Chase, Asa Edgerton, Samuel 
Peck, William Chaplin, Samuel Chase, Paul M ac Kinstree, Ralph Whee- 
lock, John Ordway, Salmon Chase, James Tredway Solomon Cleave- 
land, Rise Wheeler, Seth Chase, Samuel Stone, William Lyon, David 
Copeland, Laben Gates, Benajah Strong, Thomas Putnam, Samuel 
Webster, Isreal Smith, John Throop, Timothy Bush, John Payne, Ju r , 
John Cook, Zebulon Lyon, Joel Marsh, Ebenezer Putnam, John Terry, 
John Morse, John Cooper, Thomas Bingham, Asa Parker^ Stephen 
Child, Benjamin Crane, Joseph Tilden, Jeremiah Triscott, Daniel Kinne, 
Solomon Strong, and William Chipman Ju r . Together with five equal 
shares to be appropriated to public uses as follows, Viz. first one Share 
for the use of a Simonary or Colledge within this State; one share for the 
first setled Minister & Ministers of the Gospel to be disposed of for that 
purpose as the Town shall direct; one share for the perpetual use and 
Support of the Ministry of said Town, one share for the use of the County 
Grammer Schools throughout this State, and one share for the use and 
Support of a School or Schools within said Town, The following Tract 
or Parcel of Land Situate lying and being in this State, discribed and 
bounded as follows, Viz 1 , 

Beginning at a point six Miles 1$ a half on a Strait Line North 
sixty one Degrees west from the Northwest Corner of Sharon, Thence south 
thirty three degrees west six miles and sixty Rods, Thence ["north] sixty one 
degrees west six Miles, Thence North thirty three deg 5 East six Miles & 
sixty Rods, Thence south sixty one deg s East six Miles to the Point making 
the first Bounds. Containg by admeasurement Twenty three thousand 
and sixty acres to be divided into fifty two Equal shares — And that the 
same be and is hereby Incorporated into a Township by the Name of 
Bethel and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said 
Township are declared to be Infranchised and Intitled to all the Privi- 



24 



CHARTER RECORDS 



ledges and Immunities that other Towns within this State do by Law 
Exercise and Enjoy. 

To Have and to hold the said discribed tract of Land as above ex- 
pressed together with all the priviledges and appurtenances to them and 
their respective Heirs and assigns forever; upon the Following conditions 
and reservations, Viz 1 . 

Imprimis That each Proprietor in the Township of Bethel aforesaid Cultivate 
five acres on his share in said Town within the term of three years from 
the date of this Grant and build a House at least eighteen feet square, and 
be in actual Possession of the premises within five years from the date 
aforesaid and Continue to improve said land; And for Nonperformance 
thereof, said Land to revert back to the freemen of this State. 

Secundo That all Pine Trees suitable for Masts and Spars for Sniping be reserved 
to the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony 
whereof we have Caused the seal of this State to be hereunto afixed at 
Arlington in the County of Bennington this 23 d day of December ADom. 
1779. And in the third year of the Independence of this State — 

Thomas Chittenden. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

*The inference is unavoidable that the word "north" bracketed above has been 
omitted from the original record on pp. 1-3 of Vol. 1 of [Ms.] Vermont Charters and in a 
second record of this charter on pp. 26-28 of said volume it is in place. At the close of 
the second copy, the clerk has added the following note: "This charter is recorded a 
second time by mistake." Another record of this charter appears in "Vol. II" of [Ms.] 
Vermont Charters, pp. 5-6. 



THE CHARTER OF BILLYMEAD 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 
Know Ye, that whereas our worthy friends Jonathan Arnold 
Esquire & Company have by petition requested a grant of a tract of 
unappropriated Lands within this State ior the purpose of settling a new 
plantation to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought 
fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs & for other valu- 
able causes & considerations us hereunto moving, and do by these pre- 
sents in the Name & by the authority of the freemen of the State of Ver- 
mont, give & grant the tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto 
the said Jonathan Arnold & the several persons hereafter named his 



BILLYMEAD 



25 



Associates Viz, John Innes Clark & Joseph Nightingale, William Rhodes, 
Joseph Fay Cyprian Sterry, & John Murray, Daniel Cahoon, Peter 
Chandler, Jonathan Jenks, Cynthia Hastings, William Bowen, Edward 
Thurber, in proportions annexed to their Names respectively as follows, 
to the said Jonathan Arnold Eighteen seventy one parts, Clark & 
Nightingale twenty one seventy one parts, William Rhodes nine seventy 
one parts, Joseph Fay, four seventy one parts, Sterry & Murray two 
seventy one parts, Daniel Cahoon two 71 Parts, Peter Chandler two 
seventy one parts, Jonathan Jenks two seventy one parts, Cynthia 
Hastings one seventy first part, William Bowen two seventy first parts 
& Edward Thurber two seventy first parts; which together with the 
following six seventy first parts, reserved to the several uses in Manner 
following include the whole tract or Township hereafter bounded & 
particularly described, Viz One seventy first part for the use of a Sem- 
inary or College, One seventy one part for the use of county grammar 
schools throughout this State, one seventy first part for the purpose of 
settlement of Minister or Ministers of the Gospel in said Township, One 
seventy first part for the support of the social Worship of God in said 
Township, Lands to the amount of one seventy first part for the support 
of an english school or schools in said Township, which two seventy 
first parts for the use of a seminary or College & for the use of County 
grammar Schools afores d and the improvements, rents, interests, & pro- 
fits arising therefrom shall be under the controul, order, direction & dis- 
posal of the General Assembly of the said State forever, And the pro- 
prietors of said Township are hereby authorized & empowered to locate 
said two Seventy first parts justly & equitablely or quantity for quality 
in such parts of s d Township as they or their Committee shall judge will 
least incommode the general settlement of said Township, And the said 
proprietors are hereby further empowered to locate the Lands aforesaid 
amounting to three seventy first parts, of said Township assigned for 
the settlement of a Minister & Ministers for their support, & for the use 
& support of an english school or Schools in said Town, in such & in so 
many places as they or their committee shall judge will best accom- 
modate the inhabitants of said Township when the same shall be fully 
settled and improved laying the same equitablely or quantity for quality, 
which said Lands amounting to three seventy first parts of said Town- 
ship when located as afores d shall together with the improvements rights, 
rents, profits, dues & interests remain unalianablely appropriated for the 
purposes & uses for which they are respectively assigned & be under the 
charge direction & disposal of the Selectmen of said Township in trust 
to & for the use of said Town forever, & the remaining seventy one part 
of said Township the proprietors are hereby empowered to dispose of in 
such manner as they shall judge best for the encouragement of erecting 
the first Gristmill & Saw Mill in said Township, And whereas it is 
necessary that early provision should be made for accommodating said 
Township with Lands sufficient for Roads and Highways, which cannot 
be particularly assigned until the s d Township be fully surveyed & under 



26 CHARTER RECORDS 

some improvement, therefore by virtue of these presents, there is hereby 
reserved Nine Acres in each seventy first part, to be appropriated from 
time to time for the purpose of opening public Roads or Highways & to 
remain unalienable for that purpose to be assigned as the Selectmen or 
other legal authority shall direct in & throughout said Township forever, 
which said Tract of Land given & granted as afores d is bounded & 
described as follows viz — 

Beginning at the northwest corner of Lyndon being a beach tree marked 
Lyndon Corner July i* 1787 I A Billy me ad corner 1788, and running 
north 6D°. iff 15M. west. Ten miles 4 chains Iff 50 links to a beach tree 
marked Billy mead corner July 22 d 1788 standing in the southerly line of 
Westmore 8 chains southeast from the westerly corner thereof. Thence south 
45 D°. east Eight miles 12 chains iff 81 links to a Spruce tree on fiat land 
marked Burk north corner 1787 standing in the southerly line of Newark, 
then south 20 D° west Six miles 2 chains and 80 links, to a Stake 7 links 
south from a little beach tree marked Burk, Billy mead 1787 standing in the 
north line of Lyndon Thence north 70 D° west Two miles and 64 chains in 
said north line of Lyndon to the bounds began at, containing Twenty three 
Thousand and Forty acres. 

And is called & known by the Name of the Township of Billymead 
and that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the 
Name afores d & the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said 
Township are declared to be infranchised & entituled to all the privileges 
& immunities that the inhabitants of other Towns within this State 
do & ought by the Law & constitution thereof to exercise & enjoy. 

To have & to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences thereto belonging to them & their 
respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the following conditions & 
reservations viz, that each proprietor of the Township afores d his heirs 
or Assigns shall plant & cultivate five Acres of Land & build a house at 
least Eighteen feet Square upon the floor or have one family settled on 
each respective Right or Seventy first part of Land in said Township 
within the time limitted by a Law of this State on penalty of the for- 
feiture of each right or seventy first part not so improved & settled & the 
same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their Representatives 
regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the Same. 
In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed 
in Council this Twenty Sixth day of February 1782, in the Sixth year of 
our independence. 

By His Excellency 9 Command Thomas Chittenden 

Joseph Fay Sec y . 



BLAKE S GORE 



CHARTER OF BLAKE'S GORE 



27 



Blake's Gore The GOVERNOR COUNCIL AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 

* — " — » the Freemen of the State of Vermont 

\ L ^ J To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting : 

Know Ye that Whereas Timothy Blake and his Associates our 
worthy Friends have by Petition requested a Grant of a tract or Gore of 
unappropriated Lands within this State for Settlement situate lying 
and being between the towns of Sharon and Strafford in the County of 
Orange within this State Bounded as followeth Beginning at the north- 
easterly Corner of Sharon. Then running north sixty five degrees and 
thirty minutes west six miles and eighteen Chains to the northwesterly 
Corner of Sharon — Then north thirty nine Degrees east to Strafford Line — 
Then easterly in the Line of Strafford and Thetford to the bounds began at. — 
We have therefore thought fit for the due Encouragement of their laud- 
able design and for other valuable Considerations us hereunto moving 
And Do by these presents in the name and by the Authority of the Free- 
men of the State of Vermont give and grant the Gore or tract of Land 
above bounded and described unto the said Timothy Blake and to the 
several persons hereinafter named his Associates viz 1 Daniel Gilbert, 
James Carpenter Andrew Downer, Abel Buel, Nathaniel Brown, Aaron 
Seekens, Benjamin Litley, Zebulon Flanders, Samuel Lad, William 
Currier, Theodore Dam, John Harris, John Henry Camber and James 
Carpenter Jun r . And that the said Gore or tract of Land be and is 
hereby annexed unto and hereafter shall be taken and reputed a part of 
the Town of Strafford and the inhabitants which do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Gore shall be entitled to have and enjoy all the priviledges and 
immunities that the other inhabitants of Strafford aforesaid do and ought 
by Law and the Constitution of this State to exercise and enjoy. To 
have and to hold the said granted Premises with ail the Priviledges and 
Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining unto the said 
Grantees and their respective Heirs and Assigns forever as Tenants in 
Common and not as Jointenants upon the following Conditions and 
Reservations (viz 1 ) that each Proprietor in the Gore before described 
his heirs or Assigns shall plant and cultivate five Acres of Land and build 
an house of at least eighteen feet square on the Floor or have one Family 
settled on each respective right within the term of three Years next 
after the second Thursday of October which will be in the Year of our 
Lord 1787 on penalty of the Forfeiture of each respective right or share 
of Land in said Premises not so improved or settled And that the same 
revert to the freemen of this State to be by their representatives re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same 
And that all Pine Timber on the Premises suitable for a Navy be re- 
served for the use and benefit of the Freemen of this State. 



28 CHARTER RECORDS 

In testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this 
State to be affixed in Council this eighteenth day of June 
Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and eighty five 
and in the ninth Year of the Sovereignty and independence 
of this State. 

Tho 9 . Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 
Micah Townsend Secry. 




THE CHARTER OF BRAINTREE 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of 
the Freemen of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 



Know Ye, that whereas Mess'rs Jacob Spear and Levi Davis, and 
their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a 
Grant of a Tract of Land within this State, of six Miles square; in order 
for settling a new Plantation, to be erected into a Township; We have 
therefore tho 1 fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, 
and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And do, by 
these Presents, In the Name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of 
Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and 
bounded, unto the said Jacob Spear and Levi Davis, and the several 
Persons hereafter named their Associates, viz 6 , James Bracket, David 
Holbrook, Stephen Penniman, Ebenezer Bracket, Samuel Bracket, Job 
Bracket, Richard Newcomb, William Bracket, Joseph Richards, Joseph 
Allen, Ebenezer Weston, Isaac Niles, Samuel Spear, Henry Bracket, 
James Bracket Jun r , Ebenezer Bracket, Charles Bracket, Ely Hayden, 
Reuben Coats, Joseph Hulet, Isaac Spear Jun r , Samuel Spear Jun r 
Joseph Spear, James Holbrook, Jonathan Holbrook, Nathan Leonard, 
Ephraim Wales, Thomas Wales, Samuel W T ales, Moses Holbrook, Caleb 
Holbrook, Benjamin Hayden, Benjamin Hayden Jun r , Zeba Hayden, 
Thomas Hayden, Ezra Wells, Thomas Chittenden, William Ward, Daniel 
Davis, Ephraim Mann, Benjamin Mann, Thomas French, Nathaniel 
Spear, Isaac Spear, Edward Putnam, Peter Putnam, Andrew Elliot, John 
Elliot, JonathanWoodbury, Archelaus Putnam, John King, John Putnam, 
Reuben Davis, Bartholomew Hutchinson, Jonathan Holman, Samuel 
Harwood, William King, Thomas Harbuck, Edward Davis, Daniel Hol- 
man, Elijah Galusha, Noah Chittenden, and William Anderson; Which, 
together with the five following Rights, reserved to the several Uses in 



BRAINTREE 



29 



manner following, include the whole of said Township, viz 1 ; one Right 
for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; one Right for the use of County 
Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount of one Right, to be 
and remain for the purpose of Settlement of a Minister & Ministers 
of the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands, to the amount of one 
Right for the support of the social Worship of God in said Township; 
and Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of an English 
School or Schools in said Township. Which said two Rights, for the 
use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County Grammar 
Schools as aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, and Pro- 
fits arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, Direction, and 
Disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the Pro- 
prietors of said Township are hereby authorised and empowered, to locate 
said two Rights justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in such 
Parts of said Township, as they or their Committee shall judge will 
least incommode the General Settlement of said Tract or Township. 
And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered, to locate the 
Lands aforesaid, amounting to three Rights, assigned — for the Settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers — for their Support — and for the use 
and Support of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places, as they 
or their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants 
of said Township, when the same shall be fully settled and improved,. 
laying the same equitably, or quantity for quality. Which said Lands r 
amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as afore- 
said, shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, 
Dues and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the Uses and 
Purposes for which they are respectively assigned; and be under the 
Charge, Direction and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township 
forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, is 
bounded and described as follows, viz c ; "Beginning at the North Westerly 
Corner of Randolph; then Southerly in Westerly Line of Randolph about Six 
Miles and an Half to an Angle thereof; then North 6i° West in the Line of 
Rochester, so far, as, turning North j6° East about Six Miles and an Half, 
then South 6i° East to the Bound began at, will encompass the Contents of 
six Miles square. " And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated 
into a Township by the Name of Braintree. And the Inhabitants 
that do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be in- 
franchised, and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the 
Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do, and ought, by the Laws 
and Constitution of this State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and 
to Hold the said granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the 
Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, 
unto them and their respective Heirs and Assigns forever, upon the 
following Conditions and Reservations, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor of 
the Township of Braintree aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant & 
cultivate Five Acres of Land, & build an House at Least Eighteen Feet 
square on the Floor, or have one Family settled on each respective Right 



30 CHARTER RECORDS 

within the Term of Three Years, next after the circumstances of the 
War will admit of a Settlement with safety: on Penalty of the Forfeiture 
of each Right of Land in said Township, not so improved or settled; and 
the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be, by their Repre- 
sentatives, regranted to such Persons as shall appear, to settle and cul- 
tivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved 
for the Use and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony 
whereof I have hereunto set my Hand, and caused the Seal of this State 
to be affixed, in Council, this First Day of August, A. D. 1781. And in 
the 5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho 8 . Tolman Dep y . Secr y . 



{,,} 



THE CHARTER OF BROOKFIELD 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont, 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 



Know Ye, That Whereas it has been Represented to us by our 
Worthy Friends Phinehas Lyman & Company to the number of sixty 
five, that there is a Tract of Vacant Land within this State which has 
not heretofore been granted, which they pray may be granted to them; 
We have therefore thought, fit for the due Encouragement of Setling a 
New plantation within this State and other valuable considerations us 
hereunto moving, And do by these Presents in the name and by the 
Authority of the Freemen of Vermont, give and Grant unto the said 
Phineas Lyman; and the several Persons hereafter named his associates 
viz. Joseph Hawley Esq r . Timothy Lyman, Samuel Clark, Noadiah 
Warner, Samuel Cook, 2 d , John Smith, Nathaniel Brush, Elijah Dewey, 
Lucretia Colt, Daniel Colt, Elisha Porter Esq r . Stephen Goodman, 
Moses Hubbard, Oliver Smith, Benjamin Colt, Edmond Hubbard, Moses 
Hubbard, Rev d Samuel Hopkins, Eleazer Porter, Samuel Gaylord Ju r ., 
Rev d . Joseph Lothrop, George Breck, Heman Day, Samuel Lathrop, 
Seth Lothrop, Joseph Lothrop Ju r , John Eastman, Timothy Eastman, 
Obadiah Dickenson, Obadiah Dickenson Ju r , John Chester Williams 
Esq r ., Elijah Dickenson, Elihu Dickenson, Elisha Ellis Ju r ., Peter Olcott 
Esq r ., Ichabod Hide, Paul Davison, Daniel Bowen, Jonas Howard, 
Benjamin Howard, Phinehas Tyler, John Hayward, Paul Spooner, 
Jedediah Hyde, Amasa Hide, Nathan Roberts, Nathaniel Humphrays, 



BROOKFIELD 



31 



Nathaniel Humphreys Jun r ., Shubal Cross, Joseph Cross, Daniel Telison 
Ju r ., Oliver Hamlin, Caleb Martin, Annan Dean, Daniel Tillison, John 
Payne, James Moulton, His Excellency Thomas Chittenden Esq r . 
Timothy Brownson Esq r . John Fassett Ju r Esq r ., Moses Robinson 
Esq r , Jonas Galusha Esq r . Elkanah Sprague, and Ebenezer Brewster, 
Together with five Equal Shares or Rights to be appropriated to the 
public uses following, viz one Right or Share for the use of a Seminary 
or College within this State, one Share or Right for the use of the 
County Grammer Schools throughtthis State; one share or Right for 
the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township, to be disposed 
of for that purpose as the Inhabitants thereof shall direct; one share or 
Right for the Support of the Ministry; one share or Right for the benifit 
and Support of a School or Schools within said Township; The following 
tract or Parcel of Land, Beginning at the North, westerly corner of 
Turnersburgh, Then southerly in the line of Turnersburgh, about six 
Miles to an angle thereof, Then Carrying that breadth Back North sixty one 
degrees west so far as that a line being extended North thirty three degrees 
East across said Breadth, will Encompass the Contents of six miles square; 
and that the same be and is hereby Incorporated into a Township by 
the name of Brookfield, and the inhabitents that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised, and entitled to 
all the privileges and immunities that other Towns within this State do 
by Law exercise & Enjoy. To Have and to hold the said Granted 
premises as above Expressed, with all the privileges and appurtenences 
thereunto belonging to them & their respective Heirs and assigns forever, 
under the following Conditions, and Reservations viz 1 . That each 
Proprietor of said Township of Brookfield, his Heirs or assigns, shall 
plant and Cultivate five acres of Land and build a house at least Eighteen 
feet Square on the floor, or have one Family Settled on each Respective 
share or Right of Land in said Township, within the Term of three years 
next after the circumstances of the War will admit of it with Safety on 
pain of the forfeiture of his respective share or Right of Land in said 
Township, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by 
their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle 
and Cultivate the same; That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy shall 
be reserved to and for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State 
In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed 
the fifth day of August in the year of our Lord 1781 and in the 5 year of 
the Indepence of this State, & sixth of the United States. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 8 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



Note. — The record here printed from Vol. 1, pp 156-158 of [Ms.] Vermont Charters is 
•gain recorded on pp. 350 and 351 of the same Volume without substantial change but 
thowing minor variations in the spelling of some of the proper names. Said charter also 
appears recorded on pp. 7 and 8 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont charters. 



32 CHARTER RECORDS 

BROWNINGTON CHARTER 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 



\ I To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know Ye that whereas Timothy and Daniel Brown Esquire and 
their associates, have by petition requested a grant of unappropriated 
lands within this state for the purpose of settling a new plantation to be 
erected into a township — We have therefore thought fit for the due en- 
couragement of their laudable designs and for other valuable considera- 
tions us hereunto moving, do by these presents in the name and by the 
Authority of the Freemen of the state of Vermont, give and grant the 
tract of land hereafter described and bounded, unto the said Timothy 
Brown and Daniel Brown, and to the several persons hereafter named 
their associates, in equal shares, viz, Gideon Wright, Joshua Moss, 
Thomas Brown, Samuel Chamberlain, Daniel Brown Jun r ., Roswell 
Brown, Oliver Phelps, Mary Phelps, Daniel Penfield, Leicester Phelps, 
Thadeus Leavitt, Asahel Hathaway Zachariah Seymour, Jabez Boz- 
worth, Solomon Robbins, John Bosworth, Frederick Bosworth, Brainard 
Silby, Ira Silby, Uriah Seymour, Nathaniel Smith Jun r ., Nathaniel 
Smith, W T illiam Smith, Sarah Brown, John Brown son to Daniel Brown, 
Clark Emmes, Daniel Sears, John Bosworth 2 d John Alderman, Timothy 
P. Brown, Samuel Smith, Loveci Smith, Nathan Spelman, Joseph Ely, 
Edmund Ely, Aaron Smith, Phinehas Kingsbury Jun r . Moses Robinson, 
Aaron, Robinson, Nathan Robinson, Thomas Brown Jun r ., David Robin- 
son, Jonathan Robinson, Samuel Robinson, Benjamin Robinson, Isaac 
Webster, Solomon Safferd, Samuel Safford, Nathaniel Laurence, John 
Strong Paul Spooner, Thomas Lawton, John Hubbard, Samuel Lucas, 
Abner Read Josiah Hubbard, Seth Blair, Nathaniel Egleston, Asahel 
Clark, Chester Stilman, Asa Rogers, Noah Chittenden, Stephen Pearl 
and Samuel Robinson 2 d together with five public wrights, to be appro- 
priated to the following uses viz. One right for the use and benefit of a 
college, within this state; one right for the use and benefit of the county 
grammar schools throughout this state; one right for the first settled 
minister of the gospel in said township forever; one right for the support 
of the ministry in said town to be disposed of for that use, as the in- 
habitants thereof shall from time to time agree; also one right for the use 
and benefit of an English school or schools in said township, which tract 
of land is hereby given and granted as aforesaid, bounded and described 
as follows viz. Beginning at a maple tree marked N°. 42 October f h 1787 
beingthemost northerly corner of JV est more and running south4$ d west three 
miles and forty three chains to a stake 7 links northeasterly from a birch tree, 
-marked for the southeasterly corner of Brownington, being also the north- 
easterly corner of Barton then north 54. degrees west six miles to a birch tree 
being the northwesterly corner of Barton thence north 3& 10 East 47 chains and 



BROWNINGTON 33 

25 links to a stake 14 links west from a hemlock tree marked for the north- 
easterly corner of Irasburgh; thence north 540*° West 20 chains to a cedar tree 
marked for the southeasterly corner of Coventry; thence north 36a 10 East in 
the Easterly line of said Coventry, three miles and 72 Chains to a stake 
5 links northeast from a cedar tree in the southerly line of Salem marked for 
the northeasterly corner of Coventry, then south 45 d° East about six miles 
and seventy chains, to the bounds began at containing sixteen thousand seven 
hundred and fifty acres — Also another tract beginning at the most 
westerly corner of Caldersburgh, being a little beach tree marked Calders- 
burgh west corner June 14, 1788, and running North 4$ d° West three miles 
and fifty two chains to the southerly line of the township of Derby, thence 
south Eighty two degrees and 20 minutes East in the southerly lines of Derby, 
and Eleziana, four miles and a half to the north westerly line of Calders- 
burgh, thence south forty five degrees West two miles and fifty two chains 
to the bounds began at containing three thousand and ninety five acres — 
And that the same be and hereby is incorporated into a township by the 
name of Brownington, and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said township are declared to be enfranchised, and entitled to all 
the privileges and immunities that other towns within this state do by 
law exercise and enjoy — To have and to hold the said granted premises 
as above expressed, with all the privileges and appurtenances thereto 
belonging and appertaining to them and their respective heirs and 
assigns forever, upon the following conditions and reservations, viz, 
that each proprietor of the said township of Brownington his heirs or 
assigns shall plant and cultivate five acres of land and build a house at 
least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one family settled on each 
respective share of land in said township, within the term of four years 
from the time the outlines of said township are surveyed on penalty of 
the forfeiture of each respective right of land in said township not so 
settled and improved as aforesaid, and the same to revert to the freemen 
of this state, to be by their representatives regranted to such persons as 
shall appear to settle and cultivate, the same — the aforesaid grant made 
by the Legislature of this state on the 26 day of February AD. 1782. In 
testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this state to be affixed 
in Council this 2 d day of October 1790 — Moses Robinson 
By his Excellency's Command. Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Rutland November 2 d 1792 — The name of Lot Fuller was erased in 
this charter and Noah Chittenden inserted in lieu thereof by agreement 
of Governor Chittenden and M r . Squiers in behalf of Timothy Brown 
Esquire 

Attest Joseph Fay Secy — 
In Council Rutland November 8 th . 1792 

Resolved that the name of Stephen Pearl be inserted in the charter 
of the township of Brownington as an addition to the number already 
inserted, and that thereupon the Secretary of Council complete and 



34 CHARTER RECORDS 

deliver the charter to Timothy Brown Esq r he delivering all receipts for 
money paid Generals SafTord and Strong ammounting to three hundred 
ninety two pounds and one penny. £392 0-1™ 

Extract from the Journals. 

Attest Joseph Fay Secy, 
Recorded October 18, 1798 — 

Attest Ros. Hopkins Secy. 

I also certify the preceding resolutions of Council was entered on the 
back of said Charter of Brownington, and the agreement certified by 
Joseph Fay Secy before recording. — 

Attest Ros. Hopkins Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF BURK 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 




Know Ye that whereas M r . Justus Rose Captain Uriah Sey- 
mour & company sixty five in Number have by Petition requested a 
grant of unappropriated Lands within this State in order for settling a 
new Plantation to be erected into a Township. We have therefore 
thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs & for 
other valuable causes & considerations us hereunto moving. And do 
by these Presents in the name & by the authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont, give & grant the Tract of Land hereafter described 
& bounded unto the said Justus Rose Uriah Seymour & Company, the 
several Persons hereafter named viz. Ebenezer Fisk, Samuel Safford, 
Esq r . John Strong Esq r ., Jonathan Hill, Alexander Catling, Abraham 
Pettibone, Abraham Petibone Jun r . Samuel Crumby, George Humphray, 
Ebenezer Covil, Abijah North, Ozias Humphry, John Gilbert, Stephen 
Chub, Nehemiah Andres, Ebenezer Moody, Jesse Cook, Solomon 
Safford, John Eliot, Samuel Galpin, Levi Watson, John Fay, Jacob 
Catling, Abraham Kellogg Jun r ., Jacob Hinesdel, Moses Allen, Levi 
Watson, Jun r , Josiah Buck Jun r ., Stephen Pitkin, Moses Seymour, Icha- 
bad Merril, Thomas Tolman, Timothy Stanley, Simeon Hatheway, 
Solomon Wells, Asa Wells, Lent Hough, Jesse Bostick, Ichabod E. Fisk, 
Isaac Fisk, John Fisk, Solomon Fisk, Sarah Fisk, Ruth Fisk, Daniel 
Higby, Abel Hart, Calvin Austin, John Sibbly, John Knicherbacor, 
John Strong Jun r ., Abisha Mosly, Mehetebal Mosley, Samuel Hopkins, 



BURKE ±Q 133S2 35 

Moses Hopkins, Thadeus Munson, Meriam Munson, Agnes Strong, 
Levi Hopkins, Abel Phelps, Timothy Wells, Ira Allen, James Doyne, & 
James Hawley which together with the five following rights or equal 
shares reserved to the several public uses in manner following include the 
whole of said Tract or Township viz one Right for the use of a seminary 
or College, One right for County Grammar Schools throughout this 
State One right for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Town, 
One right for the support of the Ministry in said Town And one right 
for the support of an English School or Schools in said Town, Which 
Tract of Land hereby given & granted as aforesaid is described & 
bounded as follows viz. Begining at the North corner of Victory being 
a spruce tree marked Victory North corner 1786 and runs northwest 7 
Miles £5? three quarters to a Spruce Tree marked Burk North Corner 1787. 
Then south twenty • Degrees west six Miles and two Chains W Eighty links 
to a stake seven links south from a Beach in Lynden line Marked Burk 
Billy Mead then south 70 — East three Miles £s? sixteen Chains in the North 
line of Lynden to the Northeast corner thereof being a birch Tree marked 
Lynden Northeast corner July 4 1787. Burk ig 1787 Then south 
Twenty D° West in the East line of said lynden to a Beach Tree marked S. 
corner of Burk, Then Northeast nine Miles 48 Chains iff 80 links to the 
Bounds began at, containing twenty three thousand 6f? forty Acres. And 
that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the Name 
of Burk & the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Town- 
ship are declared to be Enfranchised & Entitled to all the Privileges & 
Immunities which the Inhabitants of other Towns in this State do & 
ought by the Laws & constitution thereof to exercise & enjoy. To 
have & to hold the said granted Premises as above expressed with 
all the Priviledges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or appertain- 
ing unto them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever upon the follow- 
ing conditions & reservations viz. That Each Proprietor in the Township 
of Burk aforesaid his Heirs or assigns shall plant & Cultivate five Acres 
of Land & build an House at least eighteen feet square on the floor or 
have one family settled on each respective right or share within the 
Term of three years after the bounds of said Township shall be asser- 
tained on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective right or share of 
Land in said Township not so improved or settled & the same to revert 
to the Freemen of this State to be by their representatives regranted to 
such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same. That all 
Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use & benefit of this 
State. In Testimony whereof we have hereunto caused the Seal of this 
State to be affixed this 26 day of February AD. 1782, In the 7 th Year of 
the independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Secr y . 



36 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF CABOT 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

T S 

■. To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know, ye that whereas. Captain, Jesse, Levingsworth and his 
associates, our worthy Friends, have by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for Settling 
a New plantation to be Erected into a Township; We, have therefore 
thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs and other 
valuable considerations, us hereunto moving. And do by these presents 
in the name and by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Ver- 
mont, give and Grant the tract of Land hereafter discribed & bounded 
unto him the said Jesse Levenworth, & to the several persons hereafter 
named his associates in equal Shares viz'. Jesse Levenworth Ju r ., Mark 
Levenworth, William Leavenworth, Eneas Munson, Isaac Doolittle, 
Robert Fairchild, Ebenezer Crafts, Timothy Newel, James Lane, Elias 
Townsend, William Holmes, Richard Mansfield, Nathan Levenworth, 
Moses Beecher, James Whitlow, Alexander Harvey, David Bryant, 
Frederick Levenworth, Jonathan Heath, Eunice Johnson, Thomas 
Lyford, Edmund Chipman, Benjamin Webster, David Blanchard, 
Jonathan Elkins, Jonathan Elkins Ju r ., William Chamberlin, Ephraim 
Foster, Abiel Blanchard, Benjamin Ambrose, Wheeler Doughlas, Asa 
Doughlas, John Doughlas, John Hancock Doughlas, Alanson Doughlas, 
Beriah Palmer, Martha Doughlas, Ebenezer Jones, Jesse Gardiner, 
Mary Andrus, William Doughlas, Content Doughlas, Asa Doughlas 
Ju r ., Zebulon Doughlas, Lyman Hitchcock, Nathaniel Wales, Sophia 
Hitchcock, John Bachelor, Eliphalet Richards, Jonathan Pettit, Mathew 
Watson, Ezekiel Tiffany, Abel Blanchard, Peter Blanchard, Ruben 
Blanchard, Jason Cross, Solomon Johnson, Robert Haws, Samuel 
Russell, David Waters, Thomas Chittenden, Paul Spooner, Joseph Fay, 
Abigail Gunn, and Barnabas Morse. Which Together with the five 
following Rights or equal Shares, reserved to the several Public uses in 
manner following include the whole Tract or Township viz c (Read) 
which said Tract of Land hereby given & Granted as aforesaid, is 
bounded and discribed as follows viz* Beginning at a stake & Stones 
near a Maple Tree Marked N° 21, Standing on the north side of a Hill; 
Thence running south 54 D° East, six Miles to a beach Tree Marked Cabot 
Corner, Standing on the south side of a Flatt Beach Hill; Thence Running 
south 36 D° West six Miles to a great Hemlock Marked Cabot Corner, a 
Little North of a Large Brook, Thence north fifty four D° West six miles to 
the southeast Corner of Woodbury a Stake & Stones near a large Birch Tree 
Marked Cabot Corner, a Little south of a small Brook, Thence North 36 D° 
East six miles to the bounds Began at. And that the same be and 



CABOT — CALAIS 



37 



hereby is incorporated into a Township by the name of, Cabot, and the 
Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are de- 
clared to be infranchised, and Intitled to all the Priviledges and immuni- 
ties which the Inhabitents of other Towns in this State, do & ought by 
the Laws and Constitution of this State to exercise & Enjoy. To Have 
and to hold the said Granted Premises as above expressed, with all the 
Previledges & appurtenances thereunto belonging or appertaining; unto 
them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the following 
conditions & Reservations, viz 1 . That each Proprietor of the Township 
of Cabot aforesaid his heirs or assigns, shall plant & cultivate five acres 
of Land & build an House at least eighteen feet square on the floor; or 
have one Family settled on each respective Right or share within the 
Term of three years next after the circumstances of the present war will 
admit of a Settlement with Safety, on penalty of the Forfieture of each 
respective Right or share of Land in said Township not so improved or 
settled, and the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their 
Representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle & 
Cultivate the Same, That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be re- 
served for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testi- 
mony whereof we have caused the seal of this State to be affixed in 
Council this 17 th day of August in the year of our Lord 1781, in the 
5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 8 Command 
Thos. Tolman Dep y . Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF CALAIS 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye, That Whereas, Colonel Jacob Davis and M r . Stephen 
Fay, and their associates our worthy Friends, Have by Petition requested 
a grant of a tract of unapropriated Lands within this State in order for 
settling a New Plantation to be erected into a Township. We have 
therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs 
& for other valuable Considerations us hereunto moving and do by these 
presents, In the name and by the authority of the Freemen of the State 
of Vermont, give & grant the tract of Land hereafter discribed & bounded 



CHARTER RECORDS 

unto the said Jacob Davis, Stephen Fay & the several Persons hereafter 
turned their associates, viz 1 . Ephraim Starkweather, Lemuel Kollock, 
Noah Godrnan, Seth Washburn, Joseph Dorr, Justin Ely, Abel Goodale, 
Shubael Peck, Nathan Tyler, David Wheelock, Nehemiah Stone, 
Xehemiah Stone Ju r , Phinehas Slayton, Phinehas Slayton Jun r , Henry 
Fisk Ju r , Daniel Bacon Ju r , Peter Wheelock, Sarah Davis, Ezra Davis, 
Daniel Streeter, Eli Jones, Josiah Town, Peter Sleeman, Salem Town, 
Samuel Robinson, (of Charlton) Ebenezer Wright Ju r , Eli Wheelock, 
John Mower, David Hammond, Elisha Thompson, Caleb Ammadon, 
Nathaniel Wellington, Peter Taft, William W T are, David Fisk, David 
Fay, (of Charlton) Thomas Foskett, Mervin Mower, Jeremiah Davis, 
Job Rutter, Jonathan Tucker, Richard Coburn, Jonathan Rich, Ebene- 
zer Allen, Clerk, Abijah Lamb, Ebenezer Lamb, Edward Wolcott, 
Lemuel Edwards, Abner Mellen, Job Merrit, William Cummins, Isaiah 
Rider, Samuel Fay, Elisha Town, Oliver, Starkweather, John Stark- 
weather, Bezaleel Man, and John Morey, Which Together with the five 
following Rights reserved to the several uses in manner following include 
the whole of said Township viz. one right for the use of a seminary or 
College; one right for the use of County Grammer Schools in said State, 
Land to the amount of one Right to be and Remain for the purpose of 
Settlement of a Minister or Ministers, of the Gospel in said Township 
forever, Lands to the amount of one right for the Support of the Social 
Worship of God in S d Township, and Lands to the amount of one Right 
for the Suport of an English School, or Schools in said Township which 
said Two Rights for the use of a Seminary or College and for the use of 
County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, Together with the Improve- 
ments, rents, interest, & Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the 
Controul order, direction and disposal of the General Assembly of said 
State forever; And the proprietors of said Township are hereby author- 
ised and empowered to locate said Two Rights, jusly & Equitably or 
quantity for quality in such parts of said Township as they or their 
Committee shall judge will least Incommode the General Settlement 
of said Tract or Township, and the said Proprietors are further em- 
powered to locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights as- 
signed for the Settlement of a Minister & Ministers for their Support, & 
for the use and Support of English Schools, in such and in so many 
places, as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode the 
Inhabitants of said Township when the same shall be fully settled and 
improved, Laying the same equitably or quantity for quality, which said 
Lands amounting to three Rights last mentioned when located as 
afores d shall together with their improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, 
dues, and Interests, remain unalianbly appropriated to the uses and 
purposes for which they are respectively assigned, and be under the charge 
direction & disposal of the Inhabitents of said Township forever; Which 
Tract of Land hereby given and Granted as aforesaid is bounded and 
discribed as follows viz 1 . Beginning, at the North Westerly Corner of 
Montpeliar; then northerly in the easterly line of Worcester to an angle thereof y 



CALDERSBURGH 39 

then north 36 D° East so far as that to Turn south 54. D° East six miles, 
then South 36 D° West to the north line of the lands heretofore Granted; 
then North 54 D° West in the line of the Lands heretofore granted to the 
bounds began at will ecompass the Contents of six miles Square; And that 
the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the name 
of Calais. And the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said 
Township are declared to be Infranchised, and Intitled to all the Pri- 
vilges and Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this 
State do and ought by the Law and Constitution of this State to ex- 
ercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the said granted Premises in 
equal Shares with all the Priviliges and appurtenences thereto belonging 
and appertaining unto them and their Respective Heirs & assigns forever 
upon the following conditions & Reservations viz 1 . That each prop- 
rietor in the Township of Calais aforesaid, His Heirs or assigns shall 
plant and Cultivate Five acres of Land, and build an House at least 
Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family settled on each 
respective Right within the Term of three years next after the Cir- 
cumstances of the War will admit of a settlement with Safety, on penalty 
of the Forfieture of Each respective Right of Land in said Township 
not so improved or settled, and the same to revert to the freemen of this 
State to be by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall 
appear to Settle and Cultivate the Same; That all Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy be reserved for the use and Benifit of the freemen of this 
State; In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council this 1 5 day of August AD. 1781 and in the 5 year of the 
Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 8 . Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF CALDERSBURGH 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know Ye, that whereas our worthy friends Coi° Jedediah Elder- 
kin & company being sixty four in number, have by their petition re- 
quested a grant of vacant Lands within this State, for the purpose of 
settlement. We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement 
of settling a new plantation within this State, & other valuable purposes 



4-0 CHARTER RECORDS 

us hereunto moving; And do by these presents in the name & by the 
authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont, give & grant unto the 
said Colonel Jedediah Elderkin & the several persons hereafter named 
his associates Viz 1 . John Lawrence, James Church, Hon ble Mathew 
Griswould, William Pitkin, Eliphalet Dyar, George Willys, James 
Jepson, Fenn Wadsworth, John Calder, William Watson, Hezekiah 
Merrill, William Knox, William Knox Jun r Colton Murry, Samuel 
Goodwin, James Tiley, John Kenfield, Thomas Hildrup, Inneas Calder, 
Jabez Huntington, Joseph Bingham, Thomas Dyar, Willobee Lowel, 
James Kilbourn, Asa Corning, William Adams, Edward Dodd, William 
Webster, John Cook, Samuel Mattocks, Nathaniel Steele, Ashbell Wells 
Jun r ., Henry White, Asahel Cheney, David Little, Israel Seymour, John 
Burbridge, Seth Collins, Samuel Burr, James Knox, John Hall, Solomon 
Smith, Daniel Hinsdale, Joseph Burr. John Watson, Luke Wadsworth, 
Daniel Marsh, John Chapman, Sheldon Graham, Titus Watson, Edward 
Bodge, William Lawrence, George Merrill, Daniel Pitkin, Charles Hop- 
kins, George Pitkin, Abiel Cheney, Thomas Jocilin Hildrup, Hezekiah 
Bissell, Asa Benton, Moses Crafts, Samuel Lawrence & John Indecott, 
together with the five following rights or equal shares reserved for public 
uses as follows Viz 1 . One full share or right in said Township, for the 
use of a Seminary or College, within this State to be dispose of as the 
Legislature shall direct for said purpose; One full right or share for the 
use & benefit of county Grammar Schools throughout this State, to 
be disposed of for that purpose as aforesaid; One right or share for the 
first settled Minister of the Gospel in s d Town to be disposed of for that 
purpose as the inhabitants of said Town shall judge proper, One right for 
the support of the Ministry to be disposed of for that purpose in like 
manner; & One full right or share for the benefit and support of an 
English School or Schools in said Town, to be disposed of for that purpose 
as the inhabitants of said Town shall from time to time judge propper; 
The following tract or parcel of Land Viz 1 . Beginning at the most 
northerly corner of Wenlock & runing southerly in the Westerly line of said 
Wenlock six Miles to the southwesterly corner thereof then carrying that 
breadth back' northwest so far that turning Northeast across said Breadth 
will contain the contents of six Miles square. 

And That the same be and hereby is incorporated into a Township 
by the name of Caldersburgh, and the inhabitants that do or shall 
hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be enfranchised & 
entitled to all the privileges & immunities that other Towns within this 
State do by Law exercise & enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences to them and their respective 
heirs & assigns forever upon the following Conditions & reservations 
Viz* That each proprietor of the Township of Caldersburgh aforesaid 
his heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate five Acres of Land and build a 
house at least eighteen feet square on the floor or have one family 
settled on Each respective Right or share of Land in said Township 



CAMBRIDGE 



41 



within the time prescribed by the Legislature of this State, On Penalty 
of the forfeiture of his right or share of Land in said Township, & the 
same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their representatives 
regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same. 
That all pine Timber proper for Mast & Spars suitable for a Navy be 
reserved to the use & benefit of the freemen of this State. In Testi- 
mony whereof We have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed this 
6 th day of November AD 1780 & in the fourth year of the independence 
of this State, 

Thomas Chittenden 
By his Excellency 8 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF CAMBRIDGE 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

°* To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know ye, That whereas, Colonel Samue! Robinson, The Honor- 
able John Fassett Juniour Esq r . and Jonathan Fassett Esq r and their 
associates our worthy Friends, have by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling 
a new Plantation to be erected into a Township; We Have therefore 
Thought fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable Designs, and 
for other valuable consideration us hereunto moving, And Do by 
these Presents, in the name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont, Give & Grant, the Tract of Land hereafter discribed, 
& bounded, unto them the said Samuel Robinson, John Fassett Ju r and 
Jonathan Fassett, and the several Persons hereafter named, their said 
associates, in equal Shares, viz 1 , William Fellows, Timothy Brownson, 
Nathan Leonard, John Payne Ju r , Solomon Safford, Daniel Kinsley 
Ju r , Nathan Kinsley, Nathaniel Brush, Elijah Dewey, Thomas Chitten- 
den, James Whitelaw, Noah Chittenden, John Fellows Ju r — James 
Hawley, Ezra Fellows, Martin Chittenden, Gideon Ormsby, John Fas- 
sett, Jeremiah Bingham, Abraham Stevens, Jonas Galusha, Benjamin 
Fay, Moses Robinson, Thomas Brown Ju r Leonard Robinson, Moses 
Robinson Ju r , Jonathan Robinson, Elisha Field, Hannah Fassett, Daniel 
Kinsley, Stephen Kinsley, Aaron Haynes, Samuel Underwood, Amos 
Fasset, Benjamin Fasset, Joseph Tyler, Simoen Sears, Jonas Fay, 



42 CHARTER RECORDS 

Abiather Waldo, Joseph Safford, Silas Whitney, Jonah Brewster, Jona- 
than Hastings, Ezekiel Smith, Nathan Fasset, Ebenezer Drury, Ira 
Allen, Joshua Stanton, Ephraim Smith, Hezekiah Smith, Uriah Sey- 
mour JiT., Chauncy Seymour, Sylvester Seymour, David Fassett, Joseph 
Fay, Benjamin Carpenter, Lois Wood, Joseph Hinsdill, Nathaniel 
Wood, Nathaniel Montague, William Brush, Isaac Hatheway, Martin 
Powel, Gideon Spencer, John Flagg, Joseph House, David Safford, 
Samuel Montague, John Knickerbakor, Thomas Porter, Thomas Mur- 
doch, Frederick Hopkins, and Anna Fassett; which Together with the 
five following Rights or equal Shares reserved to the several public uses 
in manner following include the whole of said Tract or Township viz fc , 
Read, Which Tract of Land hereby Given and Granted as aforesaid is 
Bounded and discribed as follows viz 1 . Beginning at underhill North- 
westerly Corner, thence North 36 d° East six miles, Thence south 54. D° East 
six Miles, Thence south 36 D° West to the Northeasterly corner of said 
Under hil, Thence northwesterly in the line of Underhill to the Bounds 
Is with began at. And that the same be and hereby is, Incorporated into a 
r fth Township by tne name of Cambridge, and the Inhabitents that do or 
'public Shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised, 
Rights: and Intitled to all the Privileges and Immunities that the Inhabitents 
of other Towns within this State do, and ought by the Laws and Con- 
stitution of this State to Exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold 
the said Granted Premises, with all the Priviledges and appurtenences 
thereunto appertaining & belonging unto them, and their respective 
Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following Conditions, and Reserva- 
tions, viz*. That Each Proprietor in the Township of Cambridge aforesaid, 
his Heirs, or assigns, shall plant, and Cultivate, Five acres of Land, and 
build an House, at least Eighteen feet Square on the Floor, or have one 
Family Settled on Each respective right, within the Term of three 
years, next after the Circumstances of the Present War, will admit of a 
Settlement with Safety; on Penalty of the forfieture of Each respective 
right, or Share of Land in said Township, not so improved or settled, and 
the same to revert, to the Freemen of this State, to be by their repre- 
sentatives, regranted, to Such persons as shall appear to settle, and 
Cultivate the same; That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy, be re- 
served for the use, and Benifit, of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony, whereof We have caused the seal of this State, to 
be affixed, in Council, this 30 day of August, In the year of our Lord, 
one thousand, Seven hundred, & Eighty one, and in the Fifth year of the 
Independence of this State. 



Thomas Chittenden 



By His Excellency 8 command 
Thomas Tolman Dep y . Sec y . 



CANAAN 43 

CHARTER OF CANAAN 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
- — » Freemen of the State of Vermont 



{,,} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting :- 



Know Ye that Whereas John Wheeler and his Associates our 
worthy Friends have by Petition represented that there is a Gore or 
Tract of land vacant in this State which has not heretofore been granted 
which they pray may be granted to them. — We have therefore thought 
fit for the due encouragement of settling a new Plantation within this 
State and other valuable Considerations us hereunto moving And do 
by these Presents in the name and by the Authority of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont give and grant unto the said John 
Wheeler and the several persons herein after named his Associates viz 1 . 
Thomas Chittenden Esq r , Nathaniel Niles Esq r , Samuel Fletcher Esq r , 
William W T illiams, William Williams Jun r , Peter Olcott Esq 1 ", Nicholas 
Dudley, Samuel Cooper, John Thomas, Edward Wright, Philip Rutter, 
Benocke Palen, Ephraim Doolittle Esq r , Hezekiah Boyden, Henry Bal- 
comb, Nathan Morgan, John Van Horn Physician, William Bitterly, 
Darius Wheeler, Charles Evans, Joel Wilder, Samuel Williams, Stephen 
Tainter, Daniel Taylor Daniel Taylor Jun r , Luke Taylor, Daniel Fisher, 
David W'heeler, Benjamin Ashley, Benjamin Ashley Jun r , Elijah Ashley, 
Jacob Brown Thomas Mason, Joshua Dodge, George Dodge Jun r ., 
Andrew Crown, Job Randall, Ebenezer Randall, Jonathan Stratton, 
Isaac Child, Moses Child, Israel Stevens, and Nathan Mann, together 
with three equal Shares or rights to be appropriated to the public Uses 
following (viz 1 .) one share or right for the use of a Seminary or College 
within this State; one other share or right for the first settled Minister 
of the Gospel in the Township, to be disposed of for that Purpose as the 
inhabitants thereof shall direct ; and the other Share or right for the benefit 
and support of a School or Schools within said Township the following 
Tract or Parcel of Land Beginning at the northeasterly Corner of Leming- 
ton on Connecticut River; Then running northwesterly on the Lines of 
Lemington and Averil to the Northwest Corner of said Averil; {Provided 
it doth not intersect the South line of the Province of Quebec) Then .east on 
said Province Line so far that to turn Southeasterly a parallel line fbith the 
north easterly line of Averil to the west Bank of Connecticut River: and 
then down said River to the bounds begun at will contain fifteen thousand 
three hundred and sixty Acres and no more. And the same is hereby in- 
corporated into a Township by the name of Canaan. And the Inhabi- 
tants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be 
enfranchised and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that 
other towns within this State do by Law exercise and enjoy To have 
and to hold the said granted Premises as above expressed and all the 
Priviledges and Appurtenances thereunto belonging to them and their 



44 CHARTER RECORDS 

respective Heirs and Assigns forever under the following Conditions and 
Reservations (viz 1 .) that each Proprietor of said Township of Canaan 
his Heirs & Assigns shall plant and cultivate five Acres of Land and 
build a house at least eighteen feet square on the Floor or have one 
Family settled on each respective Share or right of Land in said Township 
within the term of three years from the first day of November Anno 
Domini 1785 on pain of the forfeiture of his respective share or right of 
Land in said Township and the same to revert to the Freemen of this 
State to be by their representatives regranted to such Persons as shall 
appear to settle & cultivate the same. — That all Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy shall be reserved to and for the use and benefit of the freemen 
of this State. 

In Testjmony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
hereunto affixed the twenty fifth day of February in the fifth Year of the 
independence of this State and in the Year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and eighty two. 

Tho 8 . Chittenden 
By his Excellency's Command 
Micah Towns end Secry. 



THE CHARTER OF CHITTENDEN 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
-? — « Freemen of the State of Vermont, 




To all People To whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, That Whereas, M r Gershqm Beach and his associates our 
worthy friends, have by Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of un- 
appropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling a new Planta- 
tion to be erected into a Township, We have thought fit for the due En- 
couragement of their laudable designs, and for other valuable considera- 
tions us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents, In the name & by 
the Authority of the Freemen of the State o f Vermont, give and Grant 
the Tract of Land hereafter discribed & bounded, unto him the said 
Gershom Beach, and to the Several Persons hereafter named his asso- 
ciates in equal Shares viz 1 Thomas Spring, Aaron Jordan Booge, Pub- 
lius Virgillus Booge, Seth Keeler, Nathaniel Chipman, John Strong, 
Silas Whitney, Daniel Lake, Benajah Roots, Ezra Root, Derias Chip- 
man, Samuel Beach, Gershom Beach 2 d , Samuel Lilley Ju r , Timothy 
Chittenden Ju r , Elisha Adams, Solomon Taylor, Nathaniel Ladd, 



CHITTENDEN 45 

Eleazer Davis, Ebenezer Pitcher, Henry Lake, George Lake, Jonathan 
Lake, Silas Page, Dudley Averil, Zadock Averist, Daniel Foot, Daniel 
Collins, Thomas Chittenden, James Everts, David Lee Ju r , Reuben 
Cooley, John Bancroft, Nathan Richardson, Robert Graham, Sarah 
Stiles, Asa Edmund, James Carpenter, Thomas Rowley, Rufus Stevens, 
Benjamin Everist, Adonijah Montague, John Fassett: Ju r , Israel Els- 
worth, Moses Robinson, David Hubbel, Benedict Alford, John Daggett, 
William Clark, Libeus Johnson, Hezekiah Gould, Noah Murvin, Jabish 
Edgerton, Jona n Fassett, James Murdock, John Page, Nathaniel Cutler 
Ju r , John Cutler, Jesse Burk, Elihu Smith, Asahel Humphreys, David 
Smith, Amasa Ladd, Joseph Barnard, & Dan Barnard Ju r — which, 
Together with the five following Rights or equal Shares, reserved to the 
Several Public uses in manner following, include the whole of said Tract 
or Township, viz 1 (Read) 

READ the Which Tract of Land hereby given and Granted as aforesaid, is 

Charier of bounded and discribed as follows viz 1 Beginning. ^ a small Beach Saplin r 

Rl P town which is the southeast Corner of Neshobe, and the Northeast Corner of 

*' k lheiamc Pitts i ord >' Then on P^tsford East line South Nineteen Deg* East six miles 
words of t0 a Beach Tree Marked, and is the North East Corner of Rutland, Then 
this Jot south about 5 D° West Twenty Chains on Rutland East line to a Stake 
disposing monumented with a heap of Stones — from Thence North 71 D° East Four 
6 tLbT Miles and 50 chains to a Spruce Tree Standing in the Westerly line of 
Rights Killington; From thence North 28 D° East Two miles and 40 chains to a 
Small Beach Saplin, which is the north Westerly corner of Killington, and 
the southwesterly Corner of Stockbridge, from thence North 19 D° west five 
miles y 41 chains to a Small Beach Tree Standing at the Foot of a Hill, 
from Thence a Straight line to the first mentioned bounds; and that the same 
be and hereby is incorporated into a Township by the Name of Chitten- 
den. And the inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Town- 
ship are declared to be Infranchised & Intitled to all the Priviledges and 
Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do 
and ought by the laws and Constitution of this State to exercise and En- 
joy. To Have and to Hold the said Granted Premises as above ex- 
pressed, with all the Priviledges and appurtenences thereunto belonging 
& appertaining, unto them and to their respective Heirs and assigns 
forever, Upon the following Conditions & Reservations, viz 1 , That each 
Proprietor in the Township of Chittenden aforesaid his Heirs or assigns 
shall plant & cultivate 5 acres of Land & build an House at least Eighteen 
Feet square on the Floor, or have one Family settled on Each respective 
Right, within the Term of three years next after the Circumstances of 
the War will admit of a Settlement with Safety, On penalty of the For- 
feiture of Each respective right or share of Land in said Township, not 
so improved or Settled, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this 
State, to be by their representatives, regranted to Such persons as shall 
appear to Settle and Cultivate the Same; That all Pine Timber suit- 



46 CHARTER RECORDS 

able for a Navy be reserved for the use and benifit of the Freemen of this 
State. In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State 
to be affixed in Council this 16 day of March in the year of our Lord one 
thousand Seven hundred and Eighty, and in the Fourth year of our 
Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 9 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



Note.— The foregoing charter printed from Vol. I, pp. 184-186 of [Ms.] Vermont 
Charters is also recorded on pp. 1-2 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont Charters without sub- 
stantial change. 



THE CHARTER OF CONCORD 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of Vermont 



{"} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye, that Whereas Doctor Reuben Jones, and his associates, 
our worthy friends have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of un- 
appropriated Land within this State in order for Settling a new planta- 
tion, to be erected into a Township, We have therefore thought fit for 
the due encouragement of their Laudable designs, and for other valuable 
considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these presents in the 
name and by the Authory of the Freemen of Vermont, Give and Grant 
the Tract of Land hereafter discribed & bounded unto the said Reuben 
Jones, and the Several Parsons hereafter named his associates viz e . 
Joseph Wood, Ebenezer Walbridge, Edward Aikin, Moses Spafford, 
Gideon Tiffany, William Gilkey, John Smith (of Chester) John White, 
Walter White, John White Ju r , Uriah How, William W T ard (of Poultney) 
Elisha Smith, Obadiah Merrill, Josiah Willard, Prentice Willard, Josiah 
White, Elijah Galusha, Noah Chittenden, Thomas Putnam, Levi Put- 
nam, Isaac W T yman, Edward Hodges, Steel Smith, Moses Brigham, John 
Beach, Thomas Chittenden, Abraham Ives, James Beach, Samuel 
Uffiat, Barney Beach, Jothem Ives, Ahijah Hurd, Truman Hurd, Eph- 
raim Carter, Benjamin Hall, Levi Lincoln, Benjamin Green, Nathan 
Blake Ju r , Jonathan Dwennell, Sylvester Tiffany, Jonas Prescott, Abijah 
Gale, Seth Mors, Samuel Wetherbe, Susanna Wetherbe, Jason Wetherbe, 
Samuel Wetherbe, Ju r , James Wetherbe, Azor Wetherbe, Jonathan Free- 
men, Otis Freemen, Joshua Webb, Charles Webb, Nathaniel Robinson, 
Nathaniel Davis, Jonathan Hoton, Timothy Clark, Joseph Ellis, Simeon 



CONCORD COVENTRY 47 

Ellis, Benj a , Ellis, Daniel Davis, Moses Willard & William Carter, which 
Together with the five following Rights reserved to the several uses in 
READ manner following, include the whole of said Township viz 1 , Read, — 
. Charter Which Tract of Land hereby given & Granted as aforesaid is Bounded 
tf Riptown and discribed as follows viz 1 . Beginning , at the southeast corner of Lunen- 
mich is in b ur gh on Connecticut River, Thence Westerly in the line of said Lunen- 
^fcwith burgh to the southwest corner thereof; Thence Southerly in a right Line to 
this for the North West corner of Littleton, Thence Easterly in the line of Littleton 
imposing of to the North East corner thereof on the western Bank of said River; Thence 
&* 5 public Northerly on the western Bank of said River to the place of Begining: And 
Rights t j iat t fo e same be and hereby is incorporated into a Township by the 
name of Concord, and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter inhabit 
said Township are declared to be infranchised & intitled to all the 
Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within 
this State do by Law exercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the 
said Granted Premises, as above expressed with all the Priviledges 
and appurtenences thereto belonging & appertaining to them and their 
respective Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following conditions, and 
reservations viz 1 . That each Proprietor of the Township of Concord 
aforesaid, his Heirs, or assigns, shall plant and Cultivate, Five acres of 
Land, and Build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, 
or have one Family settled on Each Respective Right, within the Term 
of three years, next after the circumstances of the War will admit of a 
Settlement with Safety, on penalty of the Forfieture of Each Right of 
Land in said Township, not so improved or settled, and the same to re- 
vert to the Freemen of this State, to be by their Representatives Re- 
granted to Such persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the same, 
That all Pine Timber Suitable for a Navy, be reserved to the use & 
Benifit of the Freemen of this State; In Testimony whereof I have here- 
unto set my Hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, this 
15 day of September AD i78i,And in the 5 th year of the Independence of 
this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 8 Command 
Thomas Tolman D Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF COVENTRY 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 



{ "• } 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye, that whereas our Worthy Friends Maj r Eli as Buel and 
his associates, have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of unap- 



48 CHARTER RECORDS 

propriated Lands within this State, for the purpose of settling a new- 
plantation to be erected into a Township, We have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, and for other 
valuable considerations us hereunto moving & do by these Presents in 
the name and by the authority of the state of Vermont give and grant 
the several Tracts of Land hereafter described & bounded as follows 
unto them the said Elias Buel and the several persons hereafter named 
his associates, viz 1 Don Carlos Brigham, Solomon Buel, Samuel Buel, 
Enoch Badger, Elias Buel, Jun r , Enoch Badger Jun r , Abner Badger 
John Buel, Israel Brewster, Peter Buel, Joseph Barnard, James Carp- 
enter, Allerton Cushman, Josiah Carpenter, William Carpenter, Jesse 
Cook, Amos Dorman, Jabez Edgerton, John Fitch, John Gove, Noah 
Grant, Silas Hibbard, John Hale, Richard Hale Jun r , Joseph Hawkins, 
Ebenezer Kingsbury, Daniel Marsh, Elijah Olmstead, Elias Palmer, 
Thomas Porter, Noah Porter Jun r , Charles Putnam, Solomon Parker, 
Timothy Rose, Jehiel Rose, Nathaniel Root, Amos Richardson, Joseph 
Root, Ephraim Root, Samuel Robertson Jun r , Isaac Robertson, Ezra 
Root, Moses Stanley, Joseph Stanley, Caleb Stanley Jun r , David Starks, 
Joseph Talcott Jun r , Ameriah Williams, Davis Williams, John Waldo, 
Samuel White, Benet Field, Samuel Field, Ira Allen, Ozias Hawkins, 
Jabez Ripley, John Ripley, John Root & Calvin Manning, Together 
with the five following rights or equal shares reserved to the several 
public uses in manner following viz 1 , one full right or share for the use 
and benefit of a College within this State, one right or equal share for 
the use and benefit of County Grammar Schools, throughout this State, 
one right or equal share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in 
said Township, one full right or equal share for the use and benefit of 
supporting the Ministry in said Township forever to be appropriated to 
that sole purpose as the Inhabitants of said Township shall from time 
to time direct, one full share for the use benefit & support of an English 
school or schools in said Township forever, which tract of land hereby 
given and granted as aforesaid is bounded & described as follows, viz 1 , 
Beginning at a beach tree marked Irasburgh Corner, September 26, 1788 
standing in a valley on the south side of a small brook, running southeast, 
being the northwesterly Corner of Irasburgh; y running North 36 East six 
miles y sixty three Chains to Lake Memphramagog then southeasterly on 
the shore of s* Lake about 27 Chains to a Hemlock tree marked Salem Line 
1788, Then south 45 west two miles y 2 Chains to a great Hemlock tree 
marked Salem W. Corner September 30 th 1788 then south 45 East six 
miles y 21 Chains in the southerly line of Salem to a stake 5 links North- 
west from a Ceeder tree marked Coventry corner, then South 36 West four 
miles y four Chains to the North line of Irasburgh, then North 54 west 
five miles and 60 Chains to the bounds began at Containing sixteen thousand 
Seven hundred y sixty seven acres Also another tract bounded as follows, 
Beginning at the southeasterly corner of Duncansborough & running north 
54 west in the southerly line of s d Duncansborough to the southwesterly 
corner thereof then south 20° west so far that turning y running south $4° 



DANVILLE 



49 



East to the westerly line of Irasburgh or Lutterloh will contain Two thousand 
acres — Also another tract Beginning at the Northeast corner of Starks- 
borough being a beach tree standing in the southerly line of New Huntington 
marked Starhbcrough Corner, and running Easterly in the said southerly 
line of New Huntington so far that Turning southwesterly to the southeast 
Corner of Starksborough then North in the eaterly line to the bounds began 
at will contain four thousand two hundred and seventy three acres which 
three tracts contains twenty three thousand and forty acres. — And that 
the same be and hereby is Incorporated, into a Township by the name 
of Coventry and the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said 
Township are declared to be enfranchised, and entitled to all the pri- 
vileges and immunities that the Inhabitants of other settled Towns 
within this State do by law exercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold 
the said Granted premises as above expressed with every privilege & 
appurtenance thereunto belonging or appertaining unto them and their 
respective heirs & assigns forever upon the following conditions & 
reservations viz', that each proprietor of the Township of Coventry 
aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land 
and build a House at least Eighteen feet square on the floor or have 
one family settled on each respective right of land within four years from 
the time the out lines of said Township shall be known on penalty of the 
forfeiture of each right of Land in said Township not so improved or 
settled & the same to revert to the freemen of this state to be by their re- 
presentatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cul- 
tivate the same. In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal of 
this State to be affixed this 4 th day of November 1780 in the fourth year 
of our Independance. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay SECR y . 



♦THE CHARTER OF DANVILLE 



The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye that whereas the Hon ble Jacob Bailey Esq r Jesse Leavens- 
worth Esq r . and their associates our Worthy Friends have by Petition 

*See later charter of Danville printed on pages immediately following this charter. 



50 CHARTER RECORDS 

Requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State 
in Order for settling a new Plantation to be erected into a Township We 
have therefore thought fit for the Due Encouragement of their Laud- 
able Designs and for other Valuable Considerations us hereunto moving 
And Do by these Presents by the Authority of the State of Vermont Give 
and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter Described and bounded unto the 
said Jacob Bayley and Jesse Leavensworth and to the several Persons 
hereinafter named their Associates in the following Proportions (The 
whole of the Tract hereinafter Described and hereby granted to be 
Divided into Seventy eight equal Shares exclusive of the Possession of 
forty nine settlers now residing on said Land who are to have each One 
hundred acres agreable to a plan of the same Land hereunto annexed and 
exclusive of three hundred acres to Moses Little Esq r , to Jesse Leavens- 
worth Lotts numbers seventy five seventy four Seventy eight Seventy 
nine Eighty Two Eighty three Seventy seven and three hundred acres 
in Lotts number thirty one and thirty Two as Laid Down on map here- 
unto annexed being in Lieu of three seventy eighths parts above men- 
tioned to the said Jacob Bayley Twenty five seventy Eighths parts to 
William Wallace three seventy eighths parts to Eleazer Wheelock One 
seventy eighth part Ephraim Magoon One seventy eighth part Israel 
Brainard one seventy eighth part Experience Easterbrooks One seventy 
eighth part Alexander Harvy Two Seventy eighth parts Thomas Clark 
one seventy eighth part Jonathan Aikins One Seventy eighth part Walter 
Brock one Seventy eighth part James Stuart One seventy eighth part 
James Smith One seventy eighth part His Excellency Thomas Chitten- 
den Esquire one seventy eighth part Ira Allen Esquire one Seventy 
eighth part Moses Little five seventy eighth parts William Chamberlin 
One Seventy eighth part Calvin Knoulton two seventy eighth parts 
' Oliver Ashley one seventy eighth part Elijah Dewey one Seventy eighth 
part and Jesse Leavensworth Seventy eighth parts the forty nine settlers 
above mentioned are^ being Israel Randal, Ebenezer Scales Joseph 
Clough, Thomas Hill, Ephraim Magoon, Jeremiah A Blunt Joseph 
Gorden Jun. Ephraim Howard, Joseph Magoon, Samuel Ela, Daniel 
Batchellor, Paul Morrell, Ephraim Blunt Israel Brainard James Paul, 
Peter Youngman, Daniel Cross Samuel Morrel Hezekiah Astins number 
eighty Mark Leavansworth, number seventy six Jacob Bayley Jun 
number eighty seven David Astins, Thomas Hoit Samuel Fuller, Abra- 
ham Morrell Samuel Morrell Sergeant Morrell, Jacob Goodwin, Eli 
Glines, Ebenezer Toll, Thomas Dow, Abel Morrel, Nehemiah Philips 
David Wheeler, Jeremiah Morrell, Abner Morrell, Paul Well, Timothy 
Batchellor David Morrell, James Kitteridge James Kitteridge Jun, 
Samuel Favilee John Wood, Peter Blanchard, number nineteen James 
Sawyer number four Samuel Fuller number eighteen John Merritt 
number Sixty three Jesse Leavensworth Jun, Joseph Gorden, Nathaniel 
Howard, The following Persons Viz the following Lotts to wit in the first 
Division in said Danville Timothy Harris, number Six and seventeen 



DANVILLE 



51 



Joseph Morrell, number twenty eight Ebenezer Sawyer number forty 
Zebediah Barker number Twenty six which together with the five Rights 
or Lawful Shares Reserved to the several uses in manner following In- 
cludes the whole of said Tract or Township One Right for the use of a 
Semenary or College One Right for the use of a County Grammer School 
within this State Lands to the amount of One Right to be and remain 
for the Purpose of Settlement of a Minister & Ministers of the Gospel 
in said Township forever Lands to the amount of one Right for the 
Support of the Social Worship of God in said Township And Lands to 
the amount of One Right for the Support of an English School or Schools 
in said Township which said Two Rights for the use of a Seminary or 
College and for the use of a County Grammer Schools as aforesaid shall 
together with their improvements Rents Interests and profitts be under 
the Controul Order Direction and Disposal of the General Assembly 
of said State forever and the Proprietors of said Township are hereby 
authorized and empowered to Locate said Rights Justly and Equitably 
or Quantity for Quality in such Parts of said Township as they or their 
Committee shall Judge will Least incommode the General Settlement of 
said Tract or Township and the said Proprietors are further empowered 
to Locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights Assigned for 
the Settlement of a Minister and Ministers for their Support and for 
the use and support of English Schools in such and in so many places 
as they or their Committee shall Judge will best accommodate the In- 
habitants of said Township when the same shall be fully settled and im- 
proved Laying the same equitably or Quantity for Quality which said 
Lands amounting to three Rights Last mentioned when Located as 
aforesaid shall together with their improvements Rights Rents Profitts 
Dues & Interests be and remain unalienably appropriated to the uses and 
purposes for which they are respectively assigned and be under the 
Charge Direction and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township 
forever which Tract of Land hereby Given and Granted as aforesaid 
Lies in Orange County Bounded and Described as follows Viz Beginning 
at the most Northerly Corner of Barneit being a Hemlock Tree marked 
Barnett Corner March the 23 AD 1784 and running South 48 Degrees West 
Two miles forty forty five Chains and fifty Links in Westardly Line of Barnett 
to a Stake 14 Links South 82 Degrees West from a Hemlock Tree marked 
Dewey s Gore Nov, 10 AD 1786 then North 68 Degrees West in the North- 
ardly Line of Deweys Gore Seven Miles and Twenty five Chains to the 
Northwestardly Corner of said Gore being a Birch Tree standing in the 
eastardly Line of Cabot marked Deweys Gore Ad 1786 then North 36 De- 
grees East in the Eastardly Line of Cabot 142 Chains 13 83 Links to the 
Northeastardly Corner of said Cabot then South 52 Degrees East one Mile 
43 Chains & 50 Links in the Southardly Line of Walden Gore to a Beach 
Tree being the Southeastarly Corner of said Gore then North 56 Degrees 
East in the Eastardly Line of said Gore Six miles to a Beach Tree marked 
Waldens Gore being the Northeast Corner thereof then North 54 Degrees 



52 CHARTER RECORDS 

West one Mile forty three Chains t$ fifty Links to the North Eastardly 
Corner of Walden then North 36 Degrees East in the Eastardly Line of 
Number 25 one mile and thirty Two Chains to a Spruce Tree marked then 
South 70 Degrees East Two Miles 51 Chains and 25 Links to a Birch Tree 
•marked Lyndon Southwest Corner number 16 AD 1786 which is also the 
Northwest Corner of Saint Johnsbury then South 6 Degrees 1$ 20 Minutes 
East Seven miles and fifty one Chains in the Westardly Line of Saint 
Johnsbury to the Bounds Begun at Containing by estimation Twenty eight 
Thousand Acres and that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into 
a Township by the name of Danville and the Inhabitants that Do or 
shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are Declared to be infranchised 
and entitled to all the Privilidges and Immunities that the Inhabitants 
of other Towns within this State Do and ought by Law and the Con- 
stitution of of this State to exercise & enjoy To Have & to Hold the said 
Granted Premises as above expressed with all the Privilidges and appur- 
tenances thereunto belonging and appertaining unto them the said 
Grantees and their Respective Heirs and assigns forever in proportion 
as aforesaid upon the following Conditions and Reservations Viz that 
each Proprietor in the Township of Danville aforesaid His Hiers or 
assigns shall plant and Cultivate five acres of Land and Build an House 
at Least eighteen feet Square on the floor or have one Family settled on 
each Respective Right within the Term of three years next after the 
first Day of November AD 1787 on Penalty of the forfeiture of each 
Respective Right or Share of Land in said Danville not so improved and 
the same to Revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their Repre- 
sentatives regranted to such Persons as shall appear to Settle and Cul- 
tivate the same That all Pine Timber Suitable for a Navy be reserved 
for the Use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State — In Testimony 
whereof We have Caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in Coun- 
cil this thirty first Day of October Anno Domini 1786 and in the ninth 
year of the Independence of this State 
By His Excellency 3 , Command 
• ' Thomas Chittenden 

Micah Townsend Secr y , 

Windsor Oct the 22 AD 1793 

This Certifies that the word nineteen discribing the N°, of 78^ 
parts belonging to Jesse Leavensworth in the within Charter was 
Blurred by accident & is nineteen & that John Wheelock is to be inserted 
in Lieu of Eleazer Wheelock which was inserted by mistake & that 
Daniel Wheeler should be inserted in Lieu of David Wheeler Certified 
by us 

Jacob Bayley & Jesse Leavensworth 
Agents for s d Township 

Attest Joseph Fay Secy. 



DANVILLE 53 

♦THE CHARTER OF DANVILLE 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
< — - — » State of Vermont. 

\ J To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know Ye, that We, for divers valuable considerations us hereunto 
moving, in the name, and on the behalf and authority of the Freemen of 
the State of Vermont; and in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature of 
said State, entitled, "An Act authorizing the Governor of this State, to 
issue a new Charter to the proprietors and settlers of the Township of 
Danville" passed the eighth day of the present month of November, in 
the Year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and two; in and by 
which said Act of the Legislature, are fully and particularly exemplified 
and set forth, the causes and reasons for the issuing and granting of this 
new Charter, do now, by these presents fully and absolutely, give, grant 
convey and confirm all the lands contained in that tract or township 
of Land, lying and being situate in the County of Caledonia, in our said 
State of Vermont, known and formerly Chartered by the name of Dan- 
ville and which is bounded as follows, to wit, "Begining at the 
most northerly corner of Barnet, being a Hemlock tree, marked "Barnet 
corner, March the 23 rd a. d. 1784;" and running South forty eight de- 
grees West, two Miles forty five Chains, and fifty links, in the westerly 
line of Barnet, to a stake, fourteen links South eighty two degrees West, 
from a Hemlock tree marked "Deweys Gore, Nov. 10 th a. d. 1786;" 
Then North sixty eight degrees West,in the northerly line of Dewey's Gore, 
Seven Miles and twenty five Chains, to the north westerly corner of said Gore, 
being a Birch tree, standing in the easterly line of Cabot, marked " Dewey's 
Gore, a. d. 1786;" Then North thirty Six degrees East, in the easterly line 
of Cabot, one hundred forty two Chains and eighty three links, to the North 
easterly Corner of said Cabot; Then South fifty two degrees East, one Mile 
forty three Chains and fifty links in the southerly line of Walden Gore, 
to a Beach- tree, being the South easterly corner of said Gore; Then North 
fifty six degrees East, in the easterly line of said Gore, Six Miles, to a Beach 
tree marked, "Walden Gore," being the North east corner thereof; Then 
North fifty four degrees West, one Mile forty three Chains and fifty links, 
to the North easterly Corner of Walden; Then North thirty six degrees 
East, in the Easterly line of Number Twenty five, one Mile and thirty two 
Chains to a Spruce tree marked; Then south seventy degrees East, two Miles 
fifty one Chains and twenty five links, to a Birch tree marked "Lyndon 
South west corner N° 16. a. d. 1786" which is also the north west corner 
of S'. Johnsbury; Then South six degrees, twenty minutes East, Seven 
Miles and fifty one Chains, in the westerly line of St. Johnsbury, to the 
bounds began at;" Containing by estimation, Twenty eight thousand 

*See earlier charter of Danville printed on pages immediately preceding this charter. 



54 CHARTER RECORDS 

Acres. — In such specific proportions, parcels, & quantities, to each 
Grantee; with such particular description and reference, to the Chart or 
Plan, as a schedule hereunto annexed; and unto the persons, as the 
Grantees and proprietors of the said tract and Township, as is im- 
mediately hereafter expressed, to wit; Unto Timothy Harris, the parcel 
of One hundred Acres, to wit, the lot, on the plan, marked, "N° 6. 
Timothy Harris," shaded with Yellow. Unto Stephen Wood the 
parcel of one hundred & eight Acres, and an half Acre, to wit, The lot, 
on the plan, marked "io8}4 Acres, Stephen Wood," shaded with 
yellow. Unto Emerson Magoon, the parcel of one hundred Acres, to 
wit, The lot, on the plan, marked "Emerson Magoon's pitch, ioo 
Acres N° 20," shaded with Yellow. Unto John Merritt, the parcel of 
one hundred and twenty Seven Acres, and an half Acre, to wit, The lot 
and the Gore, marked on the plan, "John Merritt, N°. 63," shaded 
with Yellow. Unto Ephraim Hayward, the parcel of one hundred & 
fifty Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan, marked, " 140 Acres Ephraim 
Hayward" (or "Howard"), shaded with yellow. Unto James Pell 
the parcel of one hundred and twenty four Acres, to wit, the lot marked 
"124 Acres James Pell," shaded with yellow. Unto Nehemiah 
Phillips, the parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan 
marked, "100 Acres, Nehemiah Phillips" shaded with yellow. Unto 
Charles Sias the parcel of two hundred and sixty Acres, to wit, The lot 
on the plan, marked "213^ Acres, Charles Sias" shaded with red. 
Unto Timothy Carr, the parcel, of one hundred Acres, to wit, The lot 
on the plan, marked "100 Acres, Timothy Carr, N° 52," shaded with 
Yellow. Unto Jeremiah Morrill, the parcel of one hundred and fifty 
Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan marked, " 143 Acres, Jeremiah 
Morrill" shaded with Yellow. Unto Samuel Fuller, the parcel of 
one hundred Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan, marked, "97 Acres, 
Samuel Fuller" shaded with Yellow. Unto Joseph Clough, the 
parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, the lot on the plan, marked, " 100 
Acres Joseph Clough," shaded with yellow. Unto James Kitteridge 
Jun 1 ", the parcel of one hundred Acres and three fourths of an Acre, to 
wit, The lot on the plan marked, 100K Acres. James Kitteridge JuN r " 
shaded with Yellow. Unto William Morrill, the parcel of one hundred 
Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan, marked "No 56. 100 Acres, William 
Morrill," shaded with yellow. Unto Israel Brainerd, the parcel of 
One hundred and Sixty one Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan, marked 
"161 acres nearly, Israel Brainard" shaded with Yellow. Unto 
Ebenezer Towle, the parcel of One hundred and twelve Acres, and an 
half Acre, to wit, the lot on the plan marked "1123^ Acres, Ebenezer 
Towle" shaded with Yellow. Unto Ebenezer Sawyer, The parcel of 
one hundred Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan, marked "N° 40 
Ebenezer Sawyer" shaded with yellow. Unto Jacob Goodwin, the 
parcel of One hundred and five Acres, and an half Acre, to wit, The lot on 
the plan marked, " 105^ Acres, Jacob Goodwin," shaded with yellow. 
Unto Joseph Morrill, the parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, the lot 



DANVILLE 55 

on the plan, marked, "N° 28, Joseph Morrill" shaded with yellow. 
Unto Timothy Batchelder, the parcel of One hundred and twenty 
Acres, to wit, The lot on the plan, marked " 106 Acres Timothy Bat- 
chelder," shaded with yellow. Unto David Morrill, The parcel 
of one hundred and four Acres and an half Acre, to wit, the lot on the 
plan marked, "104^ Acres David Morrill" shaded with Yellow. 
Unto Eli Glines the parcel of one hundred and fourteen Acres and three 
fourths of an Acre, to wit, the Lot, on the plan, marked "114K Acres 
Eli Glines" Shaded with Yellow. Unto Ephraim Blunt, the parcel, 
of one hundred and five Acres and three fourths of an Acre, to wit, the 
Lot on the plan, Marked " 105^ Acres, Ephraim Blunt" shaded with 
yellow, Unto Joseph Gordon, the parcel of two hundred Acres, to wit, 
the two lots on the plan marked thus, "99V3 Acres, Joseph Gordon" 
and "98^ Acres Joseph Gordon" both of which lots are shaded with 
Yellow. Unto Jesse Leavenworth Junior, the parcel of one hundred 
acres, to wit, The Lot on the plan marked "N° 80. Jesse Leavenworth 
Junior," shaded with yellow. Unto Isaac Morrill, the parcel of one 
hundred & thirty Seven Acres, to wit, The Lot on the plan marked " 137 
Acres Isaac Morrill" shaded with yellow. Unto Thomas Hoit the 
parcel of one hundred and twenty two Acres, to wit, The Lot on the 
plan, marked," 122 Acres Thomas Hoit," shaded with yellow. Unto 
Joseph Magoon the parcel of one hundred and twenty six acres, to wit, 
the Lot on the plan marked " 120 Acres Joseph Magoon" shaded with 
yellow. Unto James Sawyer junior, the parcel of one hundred Acres, 
to wit, the Lot on the plan marked "N°4- James Sawyer Junior" shaded 
with yellow. Unto Samuel Ela, the tract of one hundred & twenty 
nine Acres, to wit, the Lot on the plan, marked "129 Acres Samuel 
Ela," Shaded with Yellow. Unto Abraham Morrill the parcel of one 
hundred and ninety Acres, to wit, The Lot, on the plan, marked " 190 
Acres, Abraham Morrill, " shaded with yellow. Unto Peter Young- 
man, the parcel, of one hundred and seven Acres, to wit, the Lot, on the 
plan, marked "107 Acres Peter Youngman" shaded with Yellow. 
Unto Samuel Morrill, the parcel of one hundred Acres and an half 
Acre, to wit, The Lot, on the plan, marked " ioo>£ Acres Samuel 
Morrill," shaded with yellow. Unto Zebediah Barker, the parcel 
of one hundred Acres, to wit, The Lot on the plan marked "N° 26. 
Zebediah Barker," shaded with yellow. Unto Peter Blanchard, 
the parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, The Lot on the plan marked 
"N° 19. Peter Blanchard" shaded with Yellow. Unto James 
Kitteridge, the parcel of one hundred Acres, and one fourth of an Acre, 
to wit, the lot, on the plan, marked " 100X Acres, James Kitteridge, 
shaded with yellow. Unto Thomas Dowe the parcel of Two hundred 
and four Acres, to wit, the Lot on the plan, marked, " 204 Acres Thomas 
Dowe" shaded with yellow. Unto Abel Morrill, the parcel of one 
hundred and twelve Acres, and an half Acre, to wit, the Lot on the plan, 
marked "112^ Acres Abel Morrill" shaded with yellow. Unto 
Daniel Batchelder, the parcel of one hundred and twenty four Acres, 



56 CHARTER RECORDS 

to wit, the Lot on the plan marked "124 Acres Daniel Batchelder" 
shaded with Yellow. Unto Nathaniel Hayward, the parcel of one 
hundred Acres, to wit, The Lot on the plan, marked "100 Acres, 
Nathaniel Hayward" (or "Howard") shaded with yellow. Unto 
Sargeant Morrill, the parcel of one hundred and Sixty Acres, to wit, 
the lot on the plan, marked "125 Acres Sargeant Morrill," Shaded 
with yellow. Unto Samuel Pinkham, the parcel of One hundred and 
eighteen Acres, to wit, the Lot on the plan, marked " 118 Acres Samuel 
Pinkham" shaded with yellow. Unto Daniel Wheeler, the parcel 
of one hundred and sixty Acres, to wit, The Lot, on the plan marked 
"125 Acres Daniel Wheeler", shaded with yellow. Unto Abner 
Morrill, the parcel of one hundred and fifty Acres, to wit, the Lot on 
the plan marked "184*0 Acres Abner Morrill," shaded with 
yellow. Unto Hezekiah Austin, the parcel of one hundred and eight 
Acres, to wit, the Lot on the plan, marked "108 Acres John Short 
or Hezekiah Austin" shaded with yellow. Unto Paul Wells, the 
parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, the Lot on the plan marked, " 100 
Acres Paul Wells," shaded with yellow. Unto Thomas Hill, the 
parcel of One hundred and six Acres, to wit the Lot on the plan, marked, 
"106 Acres Thomas Hill," shaded with yellow. Unto Samuel 
Farley the parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, the Lot on the plan, 
marked, "100 Acres, Samuel Farley," shaded with Yellow. Unto 
Paul Morrill, the parcel of one hundred and eight Acres, and one 
fourth of an Acre, to wit, the Lot on the plan, marked " io&*4 Acres 
Paul Morrill" shaded with yellow. Unto Daniel Cross, the parcel 
one hundred and twenty eight acres, and nine tenths of an Acre, to wit, 
the Lot on the plan, marked "128*0 Acres, Daniel Cross," shaded 
with yellow. Unto Ephraim Magoon, the parcel of one hundred Acres, 
and one fourth of an acre, to wit, the Lot on the plan, marked " 100^ 
Acres and 21 Rods, Ephraim Magoon," shaded with yellow. Unto 
Thomas Walker, the parcel of one hundred Acres, to wit, the lot on the 
plan, marked "100 Acres Thomas Walker's Pitch" shaded with 
yellow. Unto Samuel Fuller jun 1- the parcel of one hundred Acres, to 
wit, The lot on the plan, marked ."N° 18 Samuel Fuller juniors 
Pitch," shaded with yellow; and that part of Lot N° 5 Adjoining marked 
"Samuel Fuller jun f . 25 Acres," shaded with Yellow. And unto 
Ephraim Magoon, the parcel of three hundred and eighty two Acres, and 
an half Acre, to wit, The three several Lots on the plan marked " myi 
Acres" and "160 Acres N°. 72. Jacob Bayley," and "N° 86, first 
division ioi. Acres" all shaded with red. And unto David Whittier, 
the parcel of three hundred and twenty three Acres, and three fourths 
of an Acre, to wit, the lots on the plan, marked "N° 41" "N° 42" and 
"N° 43" "David Whittier," and the Gore, lying southerly of, and 
adjoining N° 43, marked "David Whittier" all shaded with brown. 
And unto David Austin, the parcel of one hundred and ten Acres, to 
wit, the Lot on the plan marked " 1 10 Acres, David Austin " shaded with 
brown. And after deducting the amount of the several quantities herein 



DANVILLE 



57 



before granted, from the amount of the lands of the whole Township 
(excepting in the deduction, the amount of the quantities granted to the 
three Grantees last above mentioned) and the remaining lands of the 
Township, being then divided into seventy eight equal parts, the said 
remaining lands, are hereby granted and conveyed in the following 
manner, to wit; unto Jesse Leavenworth Three hundred Acres of 
land; and likewise, lots N° seventy five seventy four, seventy eight, 
seventy nine, Eighty two, Eighty three, and seventy seven, in 
lieu of, and to be accounted as three, seventy eighth parts, which 
tract of 300 Acres, and Lots, are marked "Jesse Leavenworth," and 
shaded with yellow. Unto Jacob Bayley twenty five, seventy 
eighth parts (excepting eight hundred & sixteen Acres, and one quarter 
of an Acre, being the amount of the lands hereinbefore granted unto the 
three Grantees, immediately succeeding Samuel Fuller junior, to wit, 
Ephraim Magoon, David Whittier and David Austin) Onto William 
Wallace Three, seventy eighth parts, Unto Alexander Harvey two 
seventy eighth parts. Unto Moses Little, five seventy eighth parts. 
Unto Calvin Knoulton Two seventy eighth parts. And, unto John 
Wheelock, Israel Brainard, Experience Easterbrooks, Thomas 
Clark, Jonathan Elkins, Walter Brock, James Stuart, James 
Smith, Ira Allen, Thomas Chittenden, William Chamberlin, 
Oliver Ashley, and Elijah Dewey one, seventy eighth part, each. 
And unto Jesse Leavenworth, Twenty seventy eighth parts (in 
addition to the Three seventy eighth parts, herein before granted unto 
him). 

To Have & to Hold, the tract of land and Township, herein before 
described and bounded, to them, and each of them, the aforenamed 
Grantees and proprietors, in the proportional quantities, parcels and 
lots, respectively, above expressed, with all and singular the privileges, 
appurtenances & improvements, of the whole tract and Township, to 
the whole of the above named Grantees and proprietors, and of each 
proportional quantity, parcel, and lot, to each Grantee and proprietor, 
as above defined and expressed, and unto each of their Heirs and As- 
signees forever, unto their and each of their own proper and absolute 
use, benefit & behoof; under the particular and express provisions and 
restrictions, guarding and securing equity to each Proprietor, and a 
confirmation of the titles of the lands hereby given and granted, as ex- 
pressed in the Act of the Legislature aforesaid, in pursuance of which, 
this Charter is issued. And the said Tract and Township, is hereby 
absolutely given, granted and Confirmed, unto the said Grantees and 
proprietors, in manner aforesaid, without any Condition, reservation 
or restriction, of any name or nature whatever, respecting quantity of 
lands, or duties of settlement; excepting, the reservation of the five 
remaining seventy eighth parts of the lands of said tract and Township, 
as aforesaid, for the following public, pious and literary uses, to wit, One 
seventy eighth part, for the use of a Seminary or College; One seventy 
eighth part for the use of County Grammer Schools, within this State. 



58 CHARTER RECORDS 

Lands to the amount of one seventy eighth part, to be, and remain for 
the purpose of settlement of a Minister, or Ministers of the Gospel, in 
said town. Lands, to the amount of one seventy eighth part, for the 
support of the social worship of God, in said township. And lands, to 
the amount of the remaining one seventy eighth part for the support 
of an English School or Schools in said Town, which said two seventy 
eighth parts, for the use of a Seminary or College, and for the use of 
County Grammar Schools, as aforesaid, shall, together with their im- 
provements, rents, interests and profits, be under the controul, order, 
direction & disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever. 
And the Proprietors of said Township, are hereby authorised and 
empowered, to locate said two seventy eighth parts, justly and equitably, 
or quantity for quality, in such parts of said township, as they, or their 
Committee shall judge will least incommode the general settlement of 
said tract or Township. And the said Proprietors are further em- 
powered, to locate the lands aforesaid, amounting to three seventy 
eighth parts, assigned for settlement of a Minister or Ministers; for 
their support; and for the use and support of English Schools, in such, 
and in so many places, as they, or their Committee, shall judge will best 
accomodate the inhabitants of said township, when the same shall be 
fully settled and improved; laying the same equitably or quantity for 
quallity. which said three seventy eighth parts, when located as aforesaid, 
shall together with their improvements, rights, rents, profits, dues, and 
interests, be, and remain unalienably appropriated to the uses and 
purposes, for which they are respectively assigned; and be under the 
charge, direction and disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township 
forever. 

And We do Hereby incorporate, constitute and establish the said 
tract and Township, a Town by the name of Danville. And the 
Inhabitants who now do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Town, are de- 
clared to be enfranchised, and entitled to all the freedoms, immunities 
and privileges, which the Inhabitants of other towns within this State, 
by the Constitution and Laws thereof, do, or can, of right, exercise & 
enjoy. 

In Testimony of all which, we have made these our letters patent; 
and caused the Seal of the State to be thereunto affixed. 

Witness His Excellency Isaac Tichenor Esquire, our Captain 
General, Governor and Commander in Chief. Done, in Council, This 
-Twelfth day of November, A°. D 1 . one thousand eight hundred and two; 
and of the Independence of the United States, the Twenty seventh. 

Isaac Tichenor. 
By the Governor. 

Dav. Wing Jun r . Sec y of State. 

Recorded December 9 th 1803. — 

Attest D. Wing Jun r Sec y . 



DERBY 59 

THE CHARTER OF DERBY 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas our worthy friends Timothy Andrews and 
company have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of unapropriated 
Lands within this State for the purpose of settling a new plantation to 
be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought fit for the due 
encouragement of their laudable designs & for other valuable considera- 
tions us hereunto moving. And do by these presents in the name & by 
the authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont, give and grant 
the tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto him the said 
Timothy Andrews, and the several persons hereafter named his asso- 
ciates in equal shares Viz 1 Truman Hinman, Shadrach Orsburn, Rev d 
Benjamin Wildman, Ebenezer Smith, Ebenezer Smith Ju r , Daniel Smith, 
Samuel Drakely, Thomas Drakely, William Drakely, Timothy Hinman, 
Timothy Hinman Jun r , Samuel Allen, Isaac Beers, Elias Beers, Nathan 
Beers, Sarah Pierpoint, Hanah Stilwell, Hon Me William Hilhouse, James 
Hilhouse, Reuben Hilhouse, John Griswold Hilhouse, Elias Shipman, 
Zima Denison, Ebenezer Strong, Ephraim Strong, Josiah Strong, Rev d 
David Brownson, Rev d Jehu Minor, Joseph Picket, Samuel Hull, Nathan 
Person, Abel Person, Nathan Curtis, Abijah Hyde, Oliver Chatfield, 
Gideon Curtis, Aaron Hinman, Daniel Howlbrook, Benjamin Davis, 
James Wakely, Daniel Bennet, Robert Brown, John Morgan, Elijah 
Forbs, Benjamin Sanford, Elijah Austin, Joseph Trobridge Phineas 
Freemen, William Carter, Jeremiah Atwater, Hezekiah Bardsley, Elijah 
Booth, Col° Benjamin Hinman, Russel Tomlinson, Justus Johnson, In- 
crease Moseley Jun r Moses Robinson, Shelden Clark & Erastus Orsburn 
together with the five following rights or equal shares, reserved to the 
several public uses in manner following Viz 1 One full right or equal share 
for the use & benefit of a College within this State; One full share for the 
use & benefit of county grammar Schools throughout this State, One 
full share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township; 
One full share for the use, benefit oc support of the social worship of God 
in said Township to be disposed of for that purpose in such manner as 
the inhabitants of said Township shall from time to time agree; One full 
share for the use & support of an english school or schools in said Town- 
ship forever. 

Which Tract of Land hereby given & granted as aforesaid is 
bounded & described as follows Viz 1 Beginning at a Post on the East side 
of Lake Mumphramagog where the south line of the Province of Quebec 
strikes the East shore of said Lake, Es? running south 82 D° & 20 Minutes 
tast seven miles \S a half to a stake 25 Links S 75 East from a beach tree 
standing in the Province line Marked N° 1. N° 4, October 10-1785. Then 



60 CHARTER RECORDS 

south iy° West five miles \$ seven Chains to a firr Tree marked N° J, N° 2, 
N° J, N° 4. Then North 8 2° 15.20 minutes West six miles 15 fifty Chains 
to a Hemlock near the East shore of the south Bay of Lake Mump'hramagog 
Marked N°l, N° 2, Then northerly by the Lake shore to the bounds began at 
containing Twenty three thousand 15 forty Acres. And that the same be 
& hereby is incorporated into a Township by the name of Derby, And 
the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are de- 
clared to be infranchised & entitled to all the privileges & immunities 
which the inhabitants of other Towns within this State do & ought by 
the Laws & constitution thereof to exercise & enjoy. 

To have and to hold the said granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenances thereunto belonging or appertain- 
ing unto them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the 
following conditions & reservations Viz 1 That each Proprietor of the 
Township of Derby aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate 
five Acres of Land & build an house at least eighteen feet square on the 
floor, or have one family settled on each respective right or share of 
Land within the term of four years from the time the outlines of said 
Township is known & established as the Law directs on penalty of the 
forefeiture of each respective right or share in said Township not so im- 
proved or settled & the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be 
by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to 
settle & cultivate the same — In Testimony whereof we have caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed by advice of Council this 29 th day of 
October AD. 1779 in the 3 d Year of our independence. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 8 command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF DEWEYSBURGH 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 



{l.,} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting : 



Know ye that whereas our worthy friend, Cap' Elijah Dewey and 
his associates fifteen in number, have by Petition requested a Grant of 
a tract of unappropriated Land within this State, for the purpose of 
setling a new Plantation, We have therefore tho't fit for the due en- 
couragement of their Laudable designs, and for other valuable considera- 
tions us hereunto moving, And Do, by these Presents in the name and 



DEWEYSBURGH 6r 

by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and grant 
the tract of Land hereafter described and bounded unto the said Cap' 
Elijah Dewey, and the several persons hereafter Named his associates 
in equal shares, viz, Colonel Samuel Robinson, Colonel Moses Robinson, 
Major Joseph Fay, Benjamin Fassett, David Robinson, Jonathan Robin- 
son, Colonel Seth Warner, Captain Jedidiah Hyde, Timothy Follet, 
Thomas Tolman, Shadrach Norton, Joseph Nelson, Lieutenant Na- 
thaniel Gove, and Colonel Nathaniel Brush, Reserving three hundred 
Acres out of said tract of Land for the following publick uses, viz 1 one 
hundred Acres for the use and Benefit of a simenary, or College within 
this State, one hundred Acres for the use and support of a School, or 
Schools, within said tract of Land; and one hundred acres for the use 
and support of the first Settled Minister of the Gospel within said tract, 
to be disposed of for the Sole and Exclusive use and benefit of the afore- 
said purposes in such way and manner as the proprietors or inhabitants 
of the said tract shall judge proper, the same to be and Remain unalien- 
able, and all the rents, profits & money's arising therefrom, shall be 
appropriated to the several uses aforesaid, and the said three hundred 
acres shall be Divided into three equal parts, and be so laid out within 
said tract as to be equal in quality and in such situation as will best 
answer the purposes for which they are reserved; Which tract of Land 
hereby given & Granted as aforesaid, is bounded and discribed as fol- 
lows, viz', Lying Northerly of Peacham, & Easterly of Cabot & 
westerly of Barnet, Beginning at a stake 15 links Northwest from a 
burch tree marked Peacham Corner July 17 th 1786, standing in the westerly 
line of Barnet, 13 being the Northeasterly Corner of Peacham, the Land 
descending North, then running N 68° W. in the Northerly line of Peacham, 
six miles, to the Northwesterly corner of Peacham being a maple tree marked 
Peacham Corner, standing on high Land; thence S 48 W three mile & a 
quarter in the westerly line of Peacham thence N 54 W about thirteen rods 
to the southeasterly corner of Cabot, thence N 36 East 4 miles 17 Chains iff 
36 Links in the easterly line of Cabot to a Burch tree standing on the south 
side of a brook runing westerly marked Dewey's Gore 1786, thence S 68° E 
seven miles and 25 Chains to a Stake 14 links S 82 W. from a hemlock tree 
standing on flat Land Marked Dewey's Gore November 10 th 1786, the wood 
chiefly hemlock, thence S 48°W. in the westerly line of Barnet to the bound? 
begun at, containing 15 sixty fifth parts of a six mile square Township — And- 
that the same be and is hereby incorporated into a District, to be called 
and known by the name of Deweysburgh, and the Inhabitants that da 
or shall hereafter inhabit said District are hereby declared to be En- 
franchised and Entitled to all the priviledges and Immunities of Citizens, 
and to Exercise all Legal power and authority in support of their in- 
ternal Right as fully and amply as other incorporated Tow[n]s within 
this State do exercise and enjoy. — 

To Have and to Hold the said granted premises as expressed in the 
aforesaid Grant, with all the privileges, and appurtenances thereunto 
belonging or appertaining unto the before named persons their Heirs & 



62 CHARTER RECORDS 

assigns forever upon the following conditions, viz fc , that each Proprietor 
in the said district of Deweysburgh his Heirs or assigns shall plant & 
cultivate Five acres of Land and build an House at least eighteen feet 
square on the floor, or have one family on each respective right within 
the term of three years after the circumstances of the war will admit of 
with safety, on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective Right or 
share of Land in said district, the same to revert to the freemen of this 
State to be by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall 
appear to settle and cultivate the same, And that all pine timber suitable 
for the Navy, be reserved for the use and benefit of the freemen of this 
State. In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this State to 
be hereunto affixed, this twenty eighth day of February in the year of 
our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty two 1782, and in the 
sixth year of the Independance of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command 

Joseph Fay SECR y . 
April 16, 1802 

The preceding from page 36 to 39 inclusive is a true copy of the 
Charter of Deweysburgh — 

Attest E. D. Woodbridge Dep* Sec*. 



THE CHARTER OF DUNCANSBOROUGH 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all people to whom these Presents shall come. Greeting: 




Know Ye, That whereas our worthy Friends, Nathan Fisk, esquire, 
and George Duncan, and their respective Associates, to the number of 
sixty five, have by Petition, requested a grant of a township of unap- 
propriated Lands, for cultivation and settlement. We have therefore 
thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, and for 
other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, and do, by these 
presents, in the name and by the authority of the state of Vermont, here- 
by give and grant unto the said Nathan Fisk and George Duncan, and 
their respective and several Associates, Ebenezer Shepherd, Joshua Stan- 
ton, Seth Austin, John Spafford, Jared Baldwin, John Strong esquire, 
Thaddeus Munson, Jonathan Aikens, Ira Allen, Experience Fisk, 
Sylvanus Fisk, James Welden, Samuel Phippen, Nathan Spafford, 
Roswell Fenton, Nathan Fisk junior, Stephen Fisk, Enos Temple, 



DUNCANSBOROUGH 63 

Samuel Wires, Moses Burt, Edward Wadkins, Asahel Burt, John Burt, 
William Belcher, James Johnson, James Ewings, John Nismith, Elisha 
Crane, John Duncan, Lucy Duncan, Jotham White, Elisha White, 
Timothy Carlton, Isaac H. Ely, William Page, William Page junior, 
Sylvanus Hastings, John Page, Abel W T alker, Simeon Olcott, John 
Hubbert, Samuel Wetherbe, Oliver Hall, Benjamin West, Peleg 
Sprague, John Barret, John Barret junior, Isaiah Eaton, Samuel 
Safford, Lemuel Hastings, Elijah Grout junior, Jacob Howard, Frederick 
Keyes, Daniel Campbell, Bartholomew Hutchinson, William Duncan, 
William Duncan junior, Isaac Duncan, Jonathan Atwater Phippins, 
Samuel Stevens, Jonathan Hubbard, Thomas Putnam and Joseph King, 
the Tract of land, situate in the County of Orleans, and known on the 
surveyor General's Map of this State, by the name of "Duncansboro," 
And is more particularly described and bounded as follows — Beginning 
at a Beech tree standing on the west side of a Hemlock ridge, in the North line 
of this State, marked "Duncansboro' 1789;" Thence running South, 
eighty two degrees twenty minutes East, Three miles and forty two Chains, 
to the western shore of Lake Memphremagog; Thence Southerly, along the 
shore of said Lake, about three and a half miles, to a Red Ash tree, standing 
in a swamp; Thence south, thirty six degrees West, seven Miles and forty 
nine Chains to a stake, by a Birch tree, marked " Duncansboro' 1789" 
standing near a small brook, running south; Thence North eighty degrees^ 
twenty minutes West, Two Miles 1$ thirty five Chains, to a Beech tree 
marked" Duncansboro' October 24 th 1798" on flat Lands; Thence North 
twenty degrees East, Ten Miles and eleven Chains to the first bound; con- 
taining Twenty three thousand & forty Acres of Lands. In which tract of 
Lands, there are hereby reserved, for public uses, five equal Rights or 
shares, as follow — One whole Right or share, for the use of the first 
settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township; One Right for the 
support of the Ministry, in said Town; One Right for the benefit of a 
College within this State; One Right for the Support of County Grammar 
Schools, within this State; and One Right for the support of an English 
School, or schools, within said Town. And the said Tract, is hereby 
incorporated into a Township by the Name of Duncansborough . And 
the Inhabitants who do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are 
declared to be entitled to all the privileges & immunities, which the 
Inhabitants of other Towns within this State, do, by Law, exercise and 
enjoy. — 

To Have & to Hold the said granted premises as above expressed, 
with all the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the 
aforesaid Proprietors and Grantees, in equal shares, and to their Heirs 
and Assignees, forever — upon the following Condition, to wit, That each 
Proprietor of the township of Duncansborough aforesaid, his heirs or 
Assignees, shall plant & cultivate five Acres of Land, and build an House, 
at least eighteen feet Square on the floor, or have one family settled, on 
each respective right or share in said Township, within the term of time 
prescribed by the laws of this State; on penalty of the forfeiture of each 



64 CHARTER RECORDS 

Right or share of Land, not so settled and cultivated; and the same to 
revert to the Freemen of this State, to be, by their Representatives, re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. — 

Given and granted by the General Assembly, by their Act 
bearing date the twenty sixth day of October, A. D. one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty one. — 

In testimony of the foregoing, I have caused the Seal of this State, 
to be hereto affixed. — 

Given under my Hand, in the Council, at Burlington, this thirtieth 
<lay of October, A. D. one Thousand eight hundred and two, and of the 
Independence of the United States the Twenty Seventh. — 

Isaac Tichenor. 
By his Excellency's Command. 
Dav. Wing, Jun r Sec y of State. 
Recorded Septem r 2i 3t 1803. D. Wing Jun r Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF EASTHAVEN 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont — 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting, 

Know ye, that whereas M r Timothy Andrus & his associates our 
worthy friends, sixty five in Number have by petition requested a grant 
of unlocated Land within this State for the purpose of settling a new 
plantation to be erected into a Township; We have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of their laudable designs & for other valuable 
causes & considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these presents 
in the Name & by the authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont 
give & grant unto the said Timothy Andrus & the several persons here- 
after Named, his Associates in equal Shares as follows Viz^apt 11 Beach 
Tomlinson, Jonathan Edwards, Leverit Hubbard, Joel Northrop, 
Joshua Austin, William Collins, Jonah Clark, Lemuel Andrus, Abel 
Yale, James Stoddard, John Hough, Simeon Andrus, Samuel King, 
Samuel Atwater, Ezra Ives, Stephen Goodyear, Enos Atwater, Nathaniel 
Hart, John Atwater, Josiah Tomlinson, Henry Tomlinson, Agur Tom- 
linson, Victory Tomlinson, Gideon Tomlinson, Zachariah Tomlinson, 
David Tomlinson, David Ely, Elisha Mills, David Wells, Milton Haw- 
ley, Jonas Galusha, Isaiah Thomas, Samuel Bishop, Abraham Bishop, 
Abraham Brownson, David Galusha, Enoch Slawson, Noah Smith, 
Daniel Smith, Israel Smith, Chloe Smith, James Gamble, Wheeler 



EAST HAVEN 65 

Douglas, Shadrach Sells, John McCarthy, Daniel Beman, The Heirs of 
Isaac Knash two Rights or Shares, Stebbins Walbridge, Henry Walbridge 
3 d , Samuel Patrick, Lemuel Patrick, Joseph Picket, John Mandeville, 
Comfort Joy, Ethan Allen, Joseph Worster, Benjamin Wallvvorth, 
Jedediah Hyde, Ebenezer Perkins, Elisha Shelton, Theodore Sedgwick, 
Nathan Richardson, & Jonathan Lampson, Together with five equal 
Shares to be disposed of for public uses, in manner following Viz* One 
-equal share for the use & benefit of a College within this State, One full 
share for the use & benefit of county grammar Schools throughout this 
State, One Equal Share for the first settled minister of the Gospel in said 
Town, One full share for the support of the Ministry in said Town, And 
One full share for the benefit & support of an English School or Schools 
in said Township, Which Tract of Land hereby given and granted as 
aforesaid is described & bounded as follows Viz 1 Beginning at the 
North corner of Granby, being a great rock, 18 links South East from a 
Spruce Tree marked Granby North Corner N° 29, 1787 Z$ running South 
forty five degrees west in the westerly line of Granby six Miles to a beech 
Tree standing in the Northerly line of Victory, Then North 45D West six 
miles to a beech Tree marked M 12, 1787, N° 29, N°jo, Then North 45 D° 
East, Six Miles to a great birch Tree standing by a little Brook marked 
N°2Q, N°30, 1787, Then South 45 D° East six Miles to the first mentioned 
bounds, containing Twenty three Thousand 13 forty Acres, And that 
the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the Name of 
Easthaven, & the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said 
Township are declared to be enfranchised & entitled to all the 
privileges & immunities that the inhabitants of other incorporated 
Towns, within this State, do by Law, exercise & enjoy. — 

To have & to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences thereunto belonging, or in any 
wise appertaining unto them & their respective heirs & assigns forever- 
upon the following conditions & reservations viz fc , that each proprietor 
of The Township of Easthaven his heirs or assigns shall plant and cul- 
tivate five acres of Land & build a house at least Eighteen feet square on 
the floor or have one family settled on each respective share of Land in 
said Township within the Term of four years from the time the outlines 
of said Township are surveyed, On penalty of the forfeiture of each 
respective right of Land in said Township not so settled & improved as 
aforesaid, & the same to revert to the freemen of this State, to be by their 
representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & 
cultivate the same. The aforesaid grant made by the legislature of this 
State on the 8 th day of November AD — 1780, In Testimony whereof 
we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this 22 d 
day of October AD, 1790, in the 14 th Year of our of independence. 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

' - ■ Thomas Chittenden 




66 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF EDEN 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting; 

Know ye, that whereas, Colonel Seth Warner, and his associates, 
our worthy friends viz 1 the officers and Soldiers of his Regiment, in 
the Line of the Continental Army, have by Petition requested a Grant 
of unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling a New 
Plantation to be erected into a Township. We Have therefore 
Thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, and as a 
consideration, (in part) for their Past & Meritorious Services to their 
Country, and do by these Presents, in the Name & by the authority of 
the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and Grant the Tract of Land 
hereafter discribed, and bounded, unto him the said Seth Warner, Lieu' 
Col°. Samuel Safford, and to the Several persons hereafter named in 
equal rights or Shares viz 1 The Heirs of Major Wait Hopkins, dec d , 
Major Gideon Brownson, Cap 1 William McCune, Capt. Abner Sealey, 
The Heirs of Lieu 1 , Adj' Benjamin Hopkins die d , PayMaster Matthew 
Lyon, Lieu 1 Pay Master Thomas Tolman, Quarter Master Enoch Wood- 
bridge, Lieu'. David Vallance, Lieut. Joseph Safford, Lieu' Samuel 
Beach, Lieu'. Benjamin Butterfield, Lieu' Oliver Barret, Ens n Jacob 
Safford, Ens n Reuben Church, His Excellency Thomas Chittenden 
Esquire, Hon ble Timothy Brownson Esq r , Samuel Crosby Ju r , AM, 
William Blodget, Major; Isaac Webster, Elias Hossington, Joseph Bonat, 
Prince Soper, Benj a Gould, Elijah Branch, Elisha Church, Amos Kel- 
logg, John Whiteley, Israel Kemfield, Nathan Dyke, Edward Soper, 
David Mervick, Daniel Bean, Jesse Tuttie, Daniel Champion, Benjamin 
Sutton, Amiel Alger, John Stewart, Joseph Barber, Abraham Brownson, 
James Mead, Jeremiah Hogoboom, Beaulah Waldo, Abner Mead, 
Josiah Hunneywell, William Slade, James Mead Ju r , Anna Waldo, Elihu 
Smith, William Ward, David Cutler, Isaac Hill, Thadeus Munson, 
Solomon Tyler, Gershom Beach, Mary Stewart Beach, Cyrus Robinson, 
John Knickerbakor, Joshua Stanton, Anna Bingham, Joseph Hinsdill, 
David Safford, William Mead, Reuben Warner, Marium Fulsome, 
Abraham Rose, William Forsyth, Ebenezer Howard, Jesse Munson, and 
John Fulsome, Which Together with the five following Rights, or equal 
shares reserved to the several uses in manner following include the whole 
ich is in f S2L \d Tract or Township viz', (Read) Which Tract of Land hereby 
rrds S w^h ^ ven & Granted as aforesaid, is bounded & discribed as follows viz' 
this for Beginning at the Northeasterly Corner of Hyde's Park, (N° 45) Then 

lisposing North 36 D° East Six miles Then North 54 D° West six Miles, Then 

of the 5 south 36 D° West six Miles, to the northwesterly corner of Hyde's Park, 

Itihls W° 4$ then south 5* D° East in the ling °f Hy de ' s Park, six miles, to the 
bounds Began at Containing 23,040 acres, And that the same be & hereby 



EDEN ELMORE 6j 

is Incorporated into a Township the name of Eden And the Inhabitents 
that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be In- 
franchised and Intitled to all the Priviledges & Immunities that the 
Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do and ought by the Laws 
and Constitution of this State to exercise & enjoy — To Have and to 
Hold, the said granted Premises as above expressed, with all the privi- 
ledges and appurtenences thereto belonging & appertaining unto them 
and their respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the following Con- 
ditions & Reservations viz*. That each Proprietor in the Township of 
Eden aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant & Cultivate Five acres of 
Land and build an House at least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or 
have one Family sittled on each respective Right within the Term of 
Four years next after the circumstances of the Present War, will admit 
of a Settlement with Safety on Penalty of the Forfieture of Each 
respective Right or share of Land in said Township not so improved or 
settled, and the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their 
Representatives Regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle and 

Cultivate the same That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be 

reserved for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State In 

Testimony Whereof, We have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council 28 th day of August, 178 1, and in the 5 th year of the 
Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Tho s Tolman D Sec y . 




THE CHARTER OF ELMORE 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of Freemen 

of Vermont. 

To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know Ye, that whereas Colonel Samuel Elmore and his Asso- 
ciates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of Land within this State, of six Miles square, in order for settling 
a new Plantation, to be erected into a Township; We have therefore 
thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, and 
for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving; And do, by 
these Presents, In the Name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of 
Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter described, unto 
him the said Samuel Elmore, and the several Persons hereafter named, 



68 CHARTER RECORDS 

his Associates, viz*; (General) Oliver Wolcott, (Colonel) Joseph Platt- 
bock, (Col.) Philip B. Bradley, (Col°) Ebenezer Gay, (Col°) Increase 
Moseley, (Col°) Jonathan Trumbull, (Col°) Stephen S fc John, (Rev d ) 
Cotton Mather Smith, (Rev d ) David Jewett, (Rev d ) Elisha Rexford, 
(Rev d ) David Ely, (Major) William Hillhouse, (Cap 1 ) Eliphalet Lock- 
wood, (Cap 1 ) Robert Walker, (Cap 1 ) William Satterlee, (Cap 1 ) Jabez 
Gregory, Jedediah Strong (Esq r ), John Caniield (Esq r ), Elisha Mills 
(Esq r ), Oliver Wolcott Jun r , Thaddeus Mead, Stephen S fc John, 3 rd , 
Jacob Penoyer, Matthew Marvin, Stephen Lockwood, Ebenezer Lock- 
wood, Daniel Piatt, William Lockwood, Elisha Perkins, ElijahTaylor, 
Thomas Taylor, Nathan Taylor, William Scott, James Olmstead, 
Fredrick Wolcott, David Gay,* Benjamin Ashley, (or Ackley) Joseph 
Leech, David Bolin, Job Gibbs, Martin Elmore Jun r , Samuel Elmore 
Gibbs, Samuel Elmore Jun r , Samuel Elmore Everett, Edward Gray, 
John Clement, Alary Gray, Elijah Austin, Archibald Austin, Mahabel 
Austin, Horace Austin, Desire Dibble, David Burrell, William W 7 alker, 
Charles Dibble, Moses Wood, Sylvia Morgan, William Maltbey, Katey 
Maltbey, Moses Hubbard, Caleb Culver, Samuel Brown (Esq r ) Jahleel 
Woodbridge (Esq r ), and Erastus Sergeant; which, together with the 
Five following Rights, reserved to the several Uses in manner following, 
include the whole of said Township, viz fc ; one Right for the Use of a 
Seminary or Colledge; one Right for the Use of County Grammar 
Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount of one Right, to be and re- 
main for the purpose of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the 
Gospel in said Township forever; Lands, to the amount of one Right, 
for the support of the social worship of God in said Township; and, 
Lands to the amount of one Right, for the Use and support of an English 
School or Schools in said Township. Which said two Rights, for the 
use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County Grammar 
Schools as aforesaid; and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, & Profits 
arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, Direction, and 
Disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the 
Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised and empowered, to 
locate said two Rights, justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in 
such parts of said Township as they or their Committee shall judge 
will least incommode the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. 
And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered, to locate the 
Lands aforesaid, amounting to Three Rights, assigned for the Settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers — for their Support — and for the Use 
and Support of English Schools, in such, and in so many places as they 
or their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants 
of said Township, when the same shall be fully settled and improved; 
laying the same equitably, or quantity for quality. Which said Lands, 
amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as aforesaid, 
shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues 
& Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the Uses and Purposes 
for which they are respectively assigned, and be under the Charge, 



ENOSBURGH 69 

Direction & Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. 
Which Tract of Land, hereby given and Granted as aforesaid, is bounded 
and described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the Northeasterly Corner of 
Worcester, then Westerly in the Line of Worcester, about Six Allies to an 
Angle thereof; then, carrying that Breadth back, North 36 East so far that 
to extend a Line North 54 West across said Breadth, will encompass the 
Contents of six Miles square." And that the same be, and hereby is in- 
corporated into a Township, by the Name of Elmore. And the In- 
habitants that do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared 
to be infranchised, & entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that 
the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do, and ought, by the 
Laws and Constitution of this State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have 
And to Hold the said Granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the 
Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, 
unto them and their respective Heirs and Assigns forever, upon the 
following Conditions and Reservations, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor of the 
Township of Elmore aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and 
cultivate Five Acres of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen Feet 
square on the Floor, or have one Family settled, on each respective 
Right, within the Term of Three Years, next after the circumstances of 
the present War will admit of a Settlement with Safety: On penalty of 
the Forfeiture of each Right of Land in said Township not so improved 
or settled, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be, 
by their Representatives, regranted to such persons as shall appear to 
settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable for a 
Navy, be reserved for the Use and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. 
In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my Hand, and caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed, in Council, this Twenty-first Day of 
August A: D. 1781. And in the 5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho. Tolman Dep y Secr y . 



CHARTER OF ENOSBURGH 

State of Vermont THE GOVERNOR, COUNCIL, AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 

> — *- — v Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont 



{ L - S -} To 



all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye that whereas it has [been] represented to us by our 
Worthy friend Roger Enos and his associates, that there is a Certain 
tract of Vacant Land within this State which has not been heretofore 



;\ 



70 CHARTER RECORDS 

Granted they pray may be granted to them — We have therefore thot. 
fit for the due incouragement of settling a new plantation within this 
State and other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And Do by 
these presents in the name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont Give and Grant unto the said Roger Enos and the 
Several persons hereafter Named his associates, Viz. John Chenavard, 
Samuel Lyman, Fenn Wadsworth, George Morrills, Charles Hopkins, 
Noah Barber, Thomas Hayden, Sylvannus Filley, William Woolcott, 
Joel Lummus, David Bull, Benjamin Isham, Sylvannus Griswould, 
Stephen Kyes, Ozias Bissel, Noah Griswould, David Bissel, Nathaniel* 
Griswould, Isaac Pinney, James Hooker, George Griswould, Samuel Blag- 
den, Seth Smith, Thomas Goodman, John Macay, Benjamin Talmage, 
Christopher Lefhngwell, William Leffingwell, Jeremiah Halsey, Ben- 
jamin Brewster, John Avery, Peleg Hyde, Asa Waterman, Esquire 
Allen, Jedediah Hyde, Amasa Jones, Ephraphus Jones, Richard L. 
Jones, Moses Goodman, Christopher Wolcott, Nathan Gallop, Ben- 
jamin Griswould, Friend Griswould, Timothy Seymour Ju r , Eleazer 
Wales, Thomas Chittenden, Moses Robinson, Ira Allen, Joseph Fay, 
John Fassett, Stephen Fay, Samuel Robinson, Simion Hatheway, 
Stephen Fay Ju r , Shadrach Hatheway, David Fay, Roswell Hopkins 
Ju r , Elisha Church, and Joseph Barnes. Together with five equal shares 
to be appropriated to public uses as follows, viz, one share for the use 
and Support of a Simenary or Colledge within this State, one share for 
the first settled Minister of the Gospel to be disposed of for that purpose 
as the Town shall direct — one share for the use and Support of the 
Ministry, one share for the Support of the County Grammer Schools 
throughout this State and one share for the use and Support of a School 
or Schools within said Town, The following tract or parcel of Land lying 
and being within this State discribed and bounded as follows viz; 
Begining at the Southwesterly Corner of the Township of Barkshire Then 
East in the south line of Barkshire six miles- — Then southerly on Such point 
as to gain six miles on a Parpendicular from the south line of said Bark- 
shire — Then west Parallel with said South line of Barkshire to the easterly 
line of the Land heretofore Granted by New Hampshire — Then Northerly 
in such line to the bounds began at, will contain the Contents of Six Miles 
Square and no more — And that the same be and is hereby Incorporated 
into a Township by the Name of Enosburgh, and the Inhabitents that 
do or shall hereafter inhabit the said Township are Declared to be In- 
franchised and Intitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that other 
Towns within this State do by Law exercise and Enjoy. 

To have and to hold the said Granted and discribed tract of Land 
as above expressed with all the priviledges and appurtenences to them 
and their respective heirs and assigns forever on the following conditions 

*Secretary of States Office, Nov. ioth 1802. I hereby certify that on comparing this 
record, with the original Charter of Enosburgh, I found the Name of "Nathan Griswould'* 
on the copy, instead of "Nathaniel Griswould" in the original, which error I have this 
day rectified — Att. Dav d . Wing Jun*\, Secy. 



ENOSBURGH GORE 71 

Imprimis and reservasions, viz. That each proprietor of the Township of Enos- 
burgh his heirs or assigns shall plant and Cultivate five acres of Land, 
and build a house at [least] Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one 
family settled on Each respective right or share of Land in said Town- 
ship, within the term of four years next after the circumstances of the 
. War will admit of Settlement with Safety, on penalty of the Forfiture 
of his Grant or share of Land in said Town and the same to revert to 
the freemen of this State to be by their representatives regranted to Such 
persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the Same — 

Secundo That all Pine and Oak Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved to 

the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed this 15 th day of May A.D. 1780 and the fourth year of the In- 
dependence of this and the United States of America. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
Joseph Fay, Sec y 



Note. — This Charter from Vol. I, [Ms.] Vermont Charters, pp. 16-18, is again re- 
corded without substantial change on pp. 16 and 17 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont Charters. 



[ENOSBURGH GORE] 

The Charter of a Gore of Land to STEPHEN HOUSE and AMOS 
FASSETT, Esquires:— 



{" } 



The Governor of the State of Vermont 
To all people, to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: 



Whereas the legislature of the State of Vermont, at their session 
holden at Burlington, on the tenth day of November A. D. 1802, were 
pleased to pass an Act entitled "An Act establishing the lines of the 
towns of Berkshire, Enosburgh, Richford Montgomery, Jay and West- 
field, and directing the sale of a Gore of Land between Enosburg and 
Montgomery, Berkshire and Richford" in, and by which Act, among 
other things, it is enacted in the words following, to wit "that James 
Whitelaw, esquire, the Surveyor General, be, and he is hereby appointed, 
a Commissioner with full power, to ascertain the quantity of lands, con- 
tained in the aforesaid Gore of Land, and to hear and decide on the 
claims of the settlers on said Gore, proprietors of the said towns of Enos- 
burgh and Berkshire, and of all other persons, and shall make sale there- 
of, to such person or persons, and for such sum or sums, as he shall think 
just and equitable; and make return thereof to the Governor of this 



72 



CHARTER RECORDS 



State; who is hereby requested, on being Certified that the purchase 
Money is paid, or secured to be paid to the Treasurer of this State, to 
issue a Charter to such person or persons as may become purchasers as 
aforesaid; Conveying all the Right this State may have to the 
aforesaid lands." And Whereas the said James Whitelaw, on the 
twenty ninth day of September, A. D. 1803 in pursuance of the Act 
aforesaid did make Sale to Stephen House and Amos Fassett, of Enos- 
burgh, in the County of Franklin, and state aforesaid, of that part of 
said Gore, which lyeth between Enosburgh and Montgomery, con- 
taining, Three Thousand nine hundred and sixteen Acres of Land, 
statute measure, and bounded as followeth, to wit, Beginning at the 
North east Corner of Enosburg, being a large Hemlock tree marked "Berk- 
shire Enosburgh — 1803 " Thence South eighty two degrees East, eighty one 
Chains and fifty nine Links to a stake formerly marked for the South east 
Corner of Berkshire; Thence South to the North west corner of Montgomery; 
Thence South five degrees West in the line of Montgomery, to the Northeast 
Corner of Knights Gore, now a part of Baker afield; Thence North, eighty two 
degrees West eighty one Chains and fifty nine links; Thence North five 
degrees East four hundred and eighty Chains, and sixty seven links to the 
first bound." And the Treasurer of this State having certified to me 
that the purchase Money, for and in consideration of the sale aforesaid, 
hath been duly paid, by the said Stephen and Amos, into the Treasury 
of this State. Now therefore Know Ye, that I Isaac Tichenor, 
Governor, within and over said State, and in the name and by the 
Authority of the same, and in pursuance of, and by virtue of the Act 
aforesaid, do by these presents, Give and Grant unto the said Stephen 
House and Amos Fassett, esquires, and to their Heirs and Assignees, all 
the right, title and interest, which the said State of Vermont, hath in 
and unto that tract, or Gore of land, situate and being between Enos- 
burgh and Montgomery aforesaid; Containing Three Thousand nine 
hundred 1$ sixteen Acres of Land Statute measure, which said tract or 
Gore of Land was sold to the said Stephen and Amos, by the said James 
White aw, by virtue, and in pursuance of the Act aforesaid. To have 
& to hold, -the above described and granted premises, unto the said 
Stephen House and Amos Fassett, and to their Heirs and Assignees, 
according to the true intent and meaning of the Act, directing the Sale, 
as aforesaid. 

In testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be made 
patent, and the Seal of our State, to be hereunto affixed. 

Given under my hand, at Westminster, this ninth day of Novem- 
ber, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and three; and of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States, the twenty eighth. 

Isaac Tichenor. 
By his Excellency's Command. 
Dav d . Wing Jun r . Sec y . of State. 
Recorded February 1, 1804 

Att. Dav. Wing Jun r . Sec*. 



FAIR HAVEN 73 

THE CHARTER OF FATRHAVEN 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of the 
— v Freemen of the State of Vermont 



(" } 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting, 



Know ye that whereas. Capt d Ebenezer Allen, and his associates 
our worthy friends have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of un- 
appropriated Lands within this State in order for settling a New planta- 
tion to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought fit for 
the due encouragement of their Laudable design and for the further 
Valuable consideration of the sum of £6,930, Continental Curency, The 
receipt whereof is acknowledged, And do by these Presents in the name 
& by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont give and 
Grant unto him the said Ebenezer Allen, and to the Several Persons 
hereafter Named his associates the Tract of Land hereafter discribed 
and bounded, viz fc . Isaac Clark, Samuel Herrick, George Toot, Jesse 
Belknap, John Grant, Oliver Cleveland, John Smith, Gilbert Malery, 
Aron Adams, James Brokings, Elisha Hammilton, William Seymour, 
Daniel Owen, Stephen Pearl, John Howe, Benjamin Cutler, Derick 
Carner, Isaac Knap, Ira Allen, Elisha Baker, Nathaniel Smith, Joseph 
Averiss, Lemuel Roberts, Jonas Galusha, Zadock Averiss, Noah Allen, 
Matthew Lyon, Ebenezer Frisbe, Lemuel Payne, Joseph Havens, 
William Williams, Ezra Allen, Ralph Watson, Stephen Mead, Stephen 
Fay, John Payne Ju r Nathan Allen, Stephen Rice, Asa Joiner, Samuel 
Allen, Jacob Ruback, Philip Priest, John Fassett Jr. Nathan Clark, 
Eleazer Dudley, Elisha Ashley, Stephen R. Bradley, Jesse Sawyer, 
Williaxa^Ashley, 01iver~~Sanford, Asa Dudley, Solomon Wilder, Israel 
Trowbridge, Elisha Clark 2 d , Elijah Galusha, William Stewart, Cephas 
Smith, Samuel Jaram, Josiah Grant, Andrew Carner, Robert Clark, 
Thomas Chittenden, Solomon Lathrop, Hope Lathrop, Thomas Ashley, 
Benjamin Richardson, Jonathan Brooks, Thomas Taylor, David 
Wheeler, Giles Pettibone, Noah Smith, John Hamilton, Samuel Kent, 
Israel Smith, Elizabeth Chittenden. & Benjamin Averist; Together with 
five equal Shares to be appropriated to public uses as follows viz 1 , one 
Share for the use of a Seminary or College within this State, one Share 
for the first Settled Minister of the Gospel in said Town to be disposed of 
for that purpose as the Inhabitents thereof shall direct, One Share for the 
Benifit and Support of the Ministry, one Share for the use of County 
Grammar Schools throughout this State, & one Share for the Benifit of 
a School or Schools within said Town, Which Tract of Land hereby given 
and Granted as aforesaid, is bounded as follows viz'. Beginning at a 
Stake on The Eaast side of Lake Champlain 45 Rods North of a Certain 
Cold Spring on the shore of said Lake about 200 Rods above a certain place 
known by the name of the Narrows, from thence East 10 D° south Eight 
Miles £s? 26 Rods to a Stake fcf Stones in the west Line of Castleton, Then 



74 CHARTER RECORDS 

South 10 D° West in the lines of said Castleton and Poulteny Eight Miles , 
and 238 Rods to a Beach Tree in the west line of Poulteny where the line Crosses 
Poulteny Rizer, Then dozen said River at low water Mark, on the Northeast 
side to East Bay; Then down on the Northerly side of said Bay to Lake 
Champlain, Then down S d Lake to the first Mentioned Bounds; And that 
the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the name of 
Fairhaven, and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said 
Township are declared to be Infranchised and entitled to all the Privi- 
lidges and Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this 
State do & ought by the Laws and Constitution of this State to Exercise 
and Enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold, the said Granted Premises, as above Ex- 
pressed with all the Priviledges and appurtenences thereto belonging and 
appertaining unto them and their respective Heirs and assigns forever 
upon the following Conditions and reservations Viz 1 That Each Prop- 
rietors in the Township of Fairhaven, aforesaid his Heirs or assigns, 
Shall plant and Cultivate Ten acres of Land & build an House at least 
Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family Settled on Each 
respective right or share of Land in (the Township) within the Term of 
Four years next after the Circumstances of the Present War between 
Great Britain & America, will admit of a Settlement with Safety, on 
penalty of the Forfeiture of of his right or share in said Township, & the 
same to revert to the freemen of this State, to be by their representatives 
regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle & cultivate the same, 
That all Pine Timber suitable for Mast & Spars of a Navy be reserved 
for the use and benifit of the freemen of this State. In Testimony 
whereof We have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in Council 
this 27 th day of October AD. 1779. & in the 2 d year of the Independence 
of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF FAYSTON 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the state of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas our worthy friend Col° Ebenezer Wal- 
bridge and his associates has by petition requested a grant of a tract 
of unlocated Lands within this State for the purpose of settling a new 



FAYSTON 75 

plantation to be erected into a Township, We have therefore thought 
fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable designs & for other 
valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these presents 
in the name & by the authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont 
give & grant the tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto the 
said Ebenezer Walbridge & his associates in equal shares as follows 
Viz 1 . Nathaniel Lawrence, Amos Huntington & Amos Huntington Jun r 
Ithamer Brooking, ThojmjLS_J^>hley, Elijah Branch, Josiah Lawrence 
Ju r Dainiel Beeman, Ephraim Smith, Peter Wright, John Wright Abel 
Prescot, Christopher Dutcher, Rev d Daniel Farrand, William Henry 
Kingman, Philo Nichols, Caleb Nichols, Mathew Meed, Samuel SafTord 
Esq r . Thadeus Gilbert, James Whelpley, Nathan Middlebrooks, Samuel 
Middlebrooks, John S 1 John, James Sellick, Benjamin Bingham, Joseph 
Kingman, Elkanah Ashley, Daniel Sherman, Ebenezer Witson, Isaac 
Webb, Daniel Nichols, ZebediajL_JDewey, Jeremiah Rust, Ebenezer 
Drewry, Nehemiah Hopkins, Moses Robinson Esq r Reuben Thomas, 
James Everets, Thomas Porter Esq r Ebenezer Cobb, Eliphalet Smith, 
William Smith, Joshua Smith, Joshua Stanton, Samuel Benton, Chandler 
Robins, Isaac Stewart, Elijah Nothrop, Isaac Maine, James Fletcher, 
John Strong Esq r , Simeon Smith, Beaulah Galusha, Benjamin Strong 
Comstock, James Olmsted, James Waterous, Solomon Lee, Elijah 
Stanton, Eli Cogswell, Asal Beebe, Daniel Adams, John S'Johns & 
Samuel Comstock, Together with five public rights to be appropriated 
to the following public uses Viz 1 One equal right or share for the use & 
benefit of a seminary or College within this State; One right for the use of 
county grammar Schools, throughout this State; One right for the use 
& benefit of the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township 
forever; One right for the use of the Ministry to be improved for that 
purpose as the inhabitants of said Town shall from time to time agree, 
also one right for the benefit and support of an English school or schools 
in said Township; Which Tract of Land hereby given & granted as 
aforesaid is bounded & described as follows viz 1 . Beginning at the south- 
easterly corner of Starksborough at a beach tree marked Starksborough 
corner May 16 1786 & running North 26 East Eight miles &■ one half 
to a spruce tree in the south line of Duxbury Marked June 20 1787 then 
south 5<5° y 39 Minutes East in the southerly line of V Duxbury 434 Chains 
{$ 78 Links to a stake & Stones being the southeasterly corner thereof. Thence 
south 41 West Six miles 67 Chains & 40 Links to a beach tree marked 
June 17 th J787, Then north sixty one degrees west to the easterly line of 
Lincoln. Then north 26 chains cjf 70 Links in said line to the northeasterly 
corner thereof, then West in the north line of said Lincoln three Miles to 
the first mentioned bounds, containing twenty three thousand £5? forty Acres. 
And That the same be & hereby is incorporated into a township 
by the name of Fayston and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Township are declared to be enfranchised & entitled to all 
the privileges & immunities that other Towns within this State do by 
Law exercise & enjoy. 



j6 CHARTER RECORDS 

To have & to hold the s d granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences thereto belonging 6c appertaining 
to them & their respective Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following 
conditions & Reservations Viz fc . that each proprietor of the Township 
of Fayston aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate five Acres 
of Land & build a house at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have 
one family settled on each respective right or share of Land in said 
Township, within the time limited by Law on penalty of the forfeiture 
of each right or share of Land not so settled & improved as aforesaid 
& the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their repre- 
sentatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate 
the same. In Testimony whereof we have hereunto caused the Seal of 
this State to be affixed this 27 th day of Feb y . AD 1782. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By his Excellency 3 command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF FLETCHER 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
— » Freemen of the State of Vermont 



1* } 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye, that, Whereas, the Honorable, Moses Robinson, 
Jonas Fay. & John Fasset Jun r Esquires, & Major Joseph Tyler. & 
their associates, our Worthy Friends, have by Petition requested a grant 
of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State in order for settling 
a New Plantation, to be Erected into a Township, We Have therefore 
Thought Fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable designs, & for 
other Valuable considerations us hereunto Moving, And do by these 
Presents in the name & by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of 
Vermont, Give & Grant, the Tract of Land hereafter discribed & bounded 
unto them the said Moses Robinson, Jonas Fay, John Fasset Ju r & Joseph 
Tyler, and to the Several Persons hereafter named their associates in 
equal Shares, viz 1 John Fasset, Jonathan Knight, Nathaniel Brush, Asa 
Hutchinson, Ruggles Spooner, Isaac Nash, Levi Nash, Amos Hale, 
Bayley Raws on, Benjamin Carpenter, David Thurber, Stephen Kinsley, 
Jeremiah Clark, Elijah Dewey, Samuel Safford, Frederick Smith, Heze- 
kiah Armstrong, Paul Spooner, Samuel Fletcher, James Fletcher, 
Squier Hazelton Fletcher, Daniel Martin, Silas Rob nson, Josiah Fish, 
Elisha Gore, John W. Dana, Ezekiel Smith, Leonard Robinson, Joseph 
Safford, Moses Robinson Jun r , Asahel Billings, Jesse Field, Rev d David 



FLETCHER JJ 

Avery, Thomas Brown Ju r , Reuben Sacket, Samuel Robinson, the 
Second, Benjamin Fay, Amos Fassett, Benjamin Fasset, Jacob Hind, 
Samuel Underwood — Rufus Montague, Benjamin Bartlet, James Gamble, 
Ira Allen, Amos P. Sherman, Matthew Lyon, Ebenezer Bartlet, Jonas 
Galusha, Ezra Fellows, David Fasset, Sabra Fasset, Simeon Flatheway 
Ju r , Elijah Boardman, James Thompson, Calvin Manly, Nathaniel 
Montague, Calvin Bingham, Joseph Hinsdill, Stephen House, Joseph 
House. Which Together with the five following Rights reserved to the 
Several Public uses in manner following include the whole of said Town- 
READ s hip vizt (Read) Which Tract of Land hereby given & granted as afore- 
said, is bounded & discribed as follows, viz c , Beginning, at the sovth- 
***fR%t er W€Ster h corner °f Cambridge which is the south Easterly Corner of Fairfax, 
Jhichfs in Then Northerly in the Easterly line of said Fairfax to the Northeasterly 
the same Corner thereof, Then Easterly extending in the Same direction with the Line 
words with between Fairfax and Fairfield so far that to turn southerly on a Right angle 
this for t0 t fo e N or th er ly H ne f Cambridge, then Westerly in the line of Cambridge 
ofthe^five t0 an an & e thereof, Then southerly in the Line of Cambridge to the Bounds 
Public began at, will contain the Contents of six miles Square & no more. And 
Rights that the same be & hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the 
Name of Fletcher, and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter, in- 
habit said Township are declared to be infranchised and intitled to all 
the Priviledges and immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns 
within this State do & ought by the Laws & Constitution of said State to 
exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said Granted Premises 
as above expressed, with all the Priviledges & appurtenences thereof, 
unto them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the following 
Conditions, & reservations viz 1 . That each Proprietor in the Township 
of Fletcher aforesaid his Heirs or assigns shall Plant and cultivate Five 
acres of Land, & build an House at Least Eighteen feet square on the 
Floor, or Have one Family settled on each respective Right within the 
Term of three years next after the circumstances of the Present War will 
admit of a Settlement with Safety, on Penalty of the Forfieture of each 
respective Right or share of Land in said Township not so improved or 
settled, & the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be by their 
representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle & 
cultivate the Same, That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be re- 
served for the use and benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testi- 
mony, whereof We have caused the seal of this State to be affixed in 
Council this 20 th Day of August in the year of our Lord 1781, and in 
the 5 th year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 8 Command. 
Thomas Tolman 
D. Sec^ 



78 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF GLOVER 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas General John Glover and his associates 
have by Petition requested a grant of unappropriated Lands within this 
State for the purpose of settling a new plantation to be erected into a 
Township We have therefore thought fit for the Due encouragement of 
their Laudable Design and for other Valuable considerations us here- 
unto moving Do by these Presents in the name and by the Authority 
of the Freemen of the State of Vermont Give and Grant the Tract of 
Land hereafter Discribed and Bounded unto the said Gen, John Glover 
and the several persons hereafter named his associates in equal Shares 
Viz John Patterson, Ezra Fellows, John Fellows Jun, Charles Goodrich, 
Azeriah Egleston, Nathan Dix, Benjamin Keys, Andrew English, John 
Graton, Joseph Vose, Elijah Vose, Michael Jackson, Henry Jackson, 
Abner Howard, Simeon Lord, Ebenezer Smith, Ebenezer Smith the 
second John Trotter Rothem Mitchel, Amos Harding, Nathaniel Little, 
John Grace, Thomas Cushing, Ebenezer Beeman, Isaac Tichener, 
Stephen Camp, William Sloan, Aaron Sanford Hezekiah Sanford, 
William Sanford, William Douglas Benjamin Douglas, William Douglas 
Jun, Zalmon Sanford Jun, Amos Douglas Eli Douglas Joseph Levens 
John Douglas, Walter Sloan Enos Parker George Foot Alvir Foot, Fran- 
cis Davis Thomas Porter, Zacheriah Porter, Benjamin Ashburn Walter 
Dean Stergin Sloan Samuel Sloan Alexander Sloan John Low, Samuel 
Safford Samuel SafTord Jun, John SafTord Nathan Fay Frederick Hop- 
kins Mary Safford John Fellows John Strong Seth Stoon Adonijah 
Strong John Bates Strong & John Strong Jun together with five public 
Rights to be appropriated to the following uses Viz One Right for the 
use & Benifit of a College within this State One Right for the use & 
Benifit of the County Grammar Schools throughout this State One 
Right for the first settled minister of the Gospel in said Township for- 
ever One Right for the support of the ministry in said Town to be Dis- 
posed of for that use as the Inhabitants shall from time to time agree 
also One Right for the use and Benifit of an English School or Schools in 
said Township which Tract of Land is hereby given and Granted as 
aforesaid Bounded and Described as follows Viz Beginning at a great 
Birch Tree marked Greensborough Corner May the 20 1786 Sheffield Sep 1 
24, 1788 being the North east Corner of Greensborough and Running north 
54. Degrees West six miles in the Northerly Line of said Greensborough to a 
beach Tree being the Northwesterly Corner thereof then North thirty six 
Degrees East six miles then South 34 Degrees east six miles Then South 
36 Degrees West six miles to the Bounds began at Containing 23,040 Acres 
And that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the 



GLOVER GOSHEN 79 

name of Glover and the Inhabitants that Do or shall hereafter inhabit 
said Township are Declared to be infranchised and entitled to all the 
Privlidges and Immunities that other Towns within this State Do by 

Law exercise and enjoy 

To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the Privilidges and Appurtenances thereunto belonging and 
appertaining to them and to their Respective Heirs and assigns forever 
upon the following Conditions and Reservations Viz that each pro- 
prietor of the Township of Glover aforesaid his Heirs and assigns shall 
plant and Cultivate five acres of Land and Build a House at least eighteen 
feet square on the floor Or have one Family settled on each Right or 
Respective share of Land in said Township agreable to the time Limitted 
by Law or to be hereafter Limitted and prescribed On penalty of the 
forfeiture of each Respective Right or Share of Land not improved and 
settled as aforesaid and the same to Revert to the Freemen of this State 
to be by their Representatives Regranted to such Persons as shall appear 
to settle and Cultivate the Same In Testimony whereof We have caused 
the Seal of this State to be hereunto affixed in Council the 20 Day of 
November AD 1783 — 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Secy. 



[♦CHARTER OF GOSHEN] 

The Governor & Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas our worthy friends Capt, John Powell 
William Douglas and Company to the Number of Sixty five have by 
Petition requested a grant of a Township of Unappropriated Lands for 
Cultivation and settlement we have therefore thought fit for the Due 
encouragement of their Laudable Designs and for other Valuable Causes 
and Considerations us hereunto Moving Do by these presents in the 
Name & by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont hereby 
Give and Grant unto the said John Powell William Douglas and their 
Associates the Tract of Land hereafter Bounded and Described Viz 



*This charter, recorded pp. 342-345 of Vol. I [M S.] Vermont Charters, does not 
define bounds of the lands granted. See later charter on pages immediately following 
this charter. 



80 CHARTER RECORDS 

Robert Mason Samuel Benton William Gould Elkanah Tisdale Stephen 
Rice the 2 d Ichabod Bosworth Joshua Chaplin Bozworth Josiah Keep, 
Jonathan Finy Stephen Stimson Jun. Hope Lathrop Jeremiah Stimson 
Ichabod Lathrop Horris Lathrop Elijah Right Jun. Daniel Jones John 
Barron Absolum Peters Abel Stone Elijah Beeman Jehiel Smith Joshua 
Stevinson Mark Stevinson Ephraim Danforth Ebenezer Pitcher John 
Strong John Ripley Samuel Elmore William Blodgett Isaac Lewis 
Eliphalett Lockwood Samuel Middlebrooks William Ross Charles Good- 
rich Elnathan Marvin Abraham J, Lansingh Abraham L, Lansingh 
Robert W^alker Esquire Amos Fuller Isaac Olmsted Isaac Stewart David 
Andrews George Clark Eldad Dewey Thomas Palmer John Cowles 
Samuel Sloan David Johnson Nathaniel Gardner William Douglas Jun. 
Asa Douglas Jun. Ezra Fellows Simeon Gardner George Sloan Peter 
Harwood Solomon Cogswell Jarus Palmer John Douglas Orlando Bridg- 
man George Foot" Samuel Safford Eli Douglas & Stephen Stimson which 
together with five equal rights or Shares reserved for Public uses in 
manner following Containing the whole of said Township Viz one whole 
right for the use of the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Town- 
ship one right for the support of the Ministry in said Town one right for 
the Benifit of a College within this State one right for the support of 
County Grammar Schools throughout this State & one right for the 
support of an english school or schools within said Town — 
Bounded and Described as follows Viz Beginning at 



And that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by 
the Name of Goshen and the Inhabitants that Do or shall hereafter 



GOSHEN 8l 

Inhabit said Township are Intitled to all the Privilidges and Immunities 
that the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State Do by Law 
exercise and enjoy — 

To and to Hold the said Granted premises as above expressed with all 
the privlidges and Appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the aforesaid 
proprietors their Heirs and Assigns forever Upon the following Condi- 
tions & Reservations Viz that each proprietor of the Township of Gcshen 
aforesaid their Heirs and or Assigns shall plant and Cultivate five Acres 
of Land or build a House at Least Eighteen feet square Upon the floor 
or have one family settled on each Respective Right or Share of Land 
in said Township within the Term of four years from the time the out 
Lines of said Township are surveyed on Penalty of the forfleture of each 
respective right or Share of Land not so settled and improved as aforesaid 
and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their Re- 
presentatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle and 
Cultivate the same. — 

In Testimony whereof we have caused The Seal of this State to be 
hereunto affixed in Council this 2 Day of February Anno Domini 1792 & 
in the sixteenth year of our Independence 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellencys Command 
Joseph Fay Secretary 



CHARTER OF GOSHEN 

The Governor and General Assembly of the State 
of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas our worthy friends, Captain John Powell, 
William Douglass and Company to the number of sixty five, have, by 
petition, requested a grant of a township of unappropriated lands, for 
cultivation and settlement. We have therefore thought fit for the due 
encouragement of their laudable designs, and for other valuable con- 
siderations us hereunto moving, and do by these presents, in the name 
and by the Authority of the state of Vermont, hereby give and grant 
unto the said John Powell, William Douglass, and their associates 
Robert Mason, Samuel Benton, William Gould, Elkanah Tisdale 
Stephen Rice 2 d , Ichabod Bosworth, Joshua C. Bosworth, Josiah Keep, 
Jonathan Ferry, Stephen Stimpson Jun r , Hope Lathrop, Jeremiah 



82 CHARTER RECORDS 

Stimpson, Ichabod Lathrop, Horace Lathrop, Elijah Wright Jun r , 
Daniel Jones, John Barron, Absalom Peters, Abel Stone, Elijah Beman, 
Jehiel Smith, Joshua Stevenson, Mark Stevenson, Ephraim Danforth, 
Ebenezer Pitcher John Strong, John Ripley, Samuel Elmore, William 
Blodget, Isaac Lewis, Eliphalet Lockwood, Samuel Middlebrook, 
William Ross, Charles Goodrich, Elnathan Merwin, Abraham L. Lans- 
ing, Robert Walker Esq r , Amos Fuller, Isaac Olmstead Isaac Stewart, 
David Andrus, George Clark, Eldad Dewey, Thomas Palmer, John 
Douglas, Orlando Bridgman, John Cowles Samuel Sloan, David John- 
son, Nathaniel Gardner, William Douglass Jun r , Asa Douglass Jun r , 
Ezra Fellows, Simeon Gardner, George Sloan, Peter Harwood, Solomon 
Coggswell, Jairus Palmer, George Foot, Samuel Safford, Eli Douglass, 
Abraham J. Lansing, and Stephen Stimpson, the tracts of land hereafter 
bounded and described, to wit, A tract "Beginning at the southeasterly 
corner of Salisbury, and running north Q d east six miles and 16 chains ; in 
the easterly line of said Salisbury, to the northeast corner thereof, thence 
south 8i d East in the southerly line of Ripton to the westerly line of Hancock , 
thence south 33 d west in the westerly line of said Hancock, to the southwest 
corner thereof, thence easterly in the south line of Hancock to the point where 
said line intersects the north line of Philadelphia, thence westerly in the 
northerly line of Philadelphia, to the northwesterly corner thereof, thence 
northerly in the east line of Leicester to the bound began at," containing 
about thirteen thousand acres. And another tract Beginning at a stake 
8 links east from a beach tree marked u Walden corner 1786," and running 
north j4 d west in the north line of Walden, six miles to the northwesterly 
corner thereof, being a fir tree marked N° 24 Grtensborough, corner 1786, 
thence north j6 d east two miles 33 chains and 78 links in the easterly line of 
Greensboro\ to a little beach tree marked " Wheelock corner July if , 1788," 
thence south 43 d 8" east six miles and 4 chains in the southerly line of 
Wheelock to a spruce tree, marked for the northwesterly corner of Danville, 
then south 36* west one mile and 32 chains, in the west line of Danville to 
the bound began at, containing seven thousand 33Q acres. And another 
tract, Beginning at a spruce tree in a swamp, in the north line of Orange 
marked U I W corner 1788." and running north 36^ East three miles and 
seventeen chains, to a beach tree in the south line of Marshfield marked " St. 
Andrews corner August 12 th 1788." then south 54* east one mile 32 chains , 
and 67 links to a little spruce, 17 links northeast from a beech tree marked 
u part of Goshen Aug. 13 th 1788 ["] thence south 36** west three Miles \$ 5 
chains to a Spruce tree in the North line of Orange marked part of Goshen 
1788. then North j7 d West in said North line of Orange to the bound begun 
at containing Two thousand eight hundred \£ twenty eight acres in which 
tracts of land there are hereby reserved for publick uses Five equal 
Rights or shares as follows. One whole Right or Share for the use of the 
first settled Minister of the Gospel in said township, One Right for the 
support of the ministry in said town, One Right for the benefit of a 
Colledge within this State, One Right for the support of County Gram- 
mar Schools thro'out this State, & One Right for the support of an 



GREENSBORO 83 

English school or schools within said town. And the said tracts of land 
are hereby incorporated into a township by the name of Goshen and 
the inhabitants who do or shall hereafter inhabit the said township are 
entitled to all the privileges & immunities which the inhabitants of other 
towns within this State do by Law exercise & enjoy. 

To have & to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenances thereunto belonging, unto the 
aforesaid Proprietors their heirs & assigns forever, upon the following 
condition, to wit that each Proprietor of the town of Goshen aforesaid, 
their heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate Five acres of land & build 
an house at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one family 
settled on each respective Right or share of land in said township within 
the term prescribed by the laws of this State on penalty of the forfeiture 
of each Right or share of land not so setled & cultivated and the same 
to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives 
regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council at the City of Vergennes this first day of November 
Anno Domini Onthousand Seven hundred & Ninety eight. 

Isaac Tichenqr 
By his Excellency's command 

Ros. Hopkins Sec y . 

Recorded Nov. i 9t 1798 - 

attest -ih 

Ros. Hopkins Sec 7 . 



Note. The foregoing charter is recorded on pp. 355, 356, 357 of Vol. 1 [Ms.] Ver- 
mont Charters. An earlier charter, which does not define bounds of lands granted, is 
printed on pages immediately preceding this copy. 



THE CHARTER OF GREENSBORO 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
^ — * Freemen of the State of Vermont. - 



{ L-S. } To 



all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting; 



Know ye, that whereas Harris Colt Esquire, and his Associates, 
our worthy Friends, have, by Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of un- 
appropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling a New 
Plantation thereon, to be erected into a Township: We have there- 
fore thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, 
and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving; And do, by 



84 CHARTER RECORDS 

these Presents, in the Name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter more 
fully described and bounded, unto him, the said Harris Colt, and to the 
several Persons hereafter named, his s d Associates, in equal Rights or 
Shares, viz 1 ; Timothy Green, Timothy Green Jun r , David Jewett, Guy 
Richards, Edward Hollam, John Hollam, David Hillhouse, Joseph 
Chester, Jonathan Deming, Julius Deming, John Biggelow, Joseph Colt, 
Elisha Ely, Adriel Ely, Jabez Stow, Samuel Field, Zebulon Jones, 
Samuel Spencer, Peleg Hill, Dan Piatt, Noah Piatt, John Hillhouse, 
Dan'el Raymond, Thomas Chittenden, Thomas Tolman, Lois Tolman, 
Job Seamans, Timothy Stanley, Beriah Brastow, Simon Pettee, Israel 
Hatch, John Henry Cumpston, Joseph Dagget, Ambrose Hall, Nathan 
Leonard, Asa Burnham, Susannah Allen, David Galusha, Jonas Galusha, 
Moses Robinson, Joseph Kellogg, Aaron Robinson, John Mott, Timothy 
Farrand, Abiathar Waldo, Joshua Burnham, Joshua Allen, James 
Gamble, Lyman Hitchcock, John Knight, David Robinson, Jonas Fay, 
Roswell Hopkins, William Williams, John May, Calvin White, Jonathan 
Kilton, John Lucas, Joseph May, Jedediah Hyde Jun r , William Hyde, 
Elisha Clark, Theodore Sedgwick, Barnabas Morse, Job Harris and 
Arnold Colt; which, together with the Five following Rights, or equal 
Shares, reserved to the several public Uses in manner following, include 
the whole of said Tract or Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the use of a 
Seminary or Colledge; one Right for the use of County Grammar 
Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount of one Right, to be and re- 
main for the purpose of Settlement of a Minister or Ministers of the 
Gospel in said Township, forever; Lands, to the amount of one Right, 
for the support of the social worship of God in said Township; and 
Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of an English School 
or Schools in said Township. Which said two Rights, for the use of a 
Seminary, or Colledge; and for the use of County Grammar Schools as 
aforesaid; and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, and Profits arising 
therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, Direction, & Disposal of 
the General Assembly of said State forever. And the Proprietors of said 
Township are hereby authorised and empowered, to locate s d two 
Rights, justly and equitably or quantity for quality, in such parts of said 
Township as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode 
the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the said 
Proprietors are further empowered, to locate the Lands aforesaid, 
amounting to three Rights, assigned for the Settlement of a Minister or 
Ministers — for their Support; and for the use and support of English 
Schools, in such, & in so many places, as they or their Committee shall 
judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said Township, when 
the same shall be fully settled and improved; laying the same equitably, 
or quantity for quality. W T hich s d Lands, amounting to the Three 
Rights last mentioned, when located as aforesaid, shall, together with 
their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Interests & Profits, remain unalien- 
ably appropriated to the Uses and Purposes for which they are re- 



GROTON 85 

spectively assigned, and be under the Charge, Direction and Disposal 
of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. Which Tract of Land, 
hereby Given and Granted as aforesaid, is bounded and described as 
follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the North Easterly Corner of Hardzuick; 
Thence North Fifty four Degrees West, in the Line of Hardwick, six Miles, 
(N. 54 W. 6 Miles); Thence North Thirty six Degrees East, Six Miles, 
(N. 36 E. 6 Miles) ; Then South Fifty four Degrees East, Six Miles, (S. 54° 
E. 6 Miles); Then South Thirty six Degrees West, Six Miles, (S. 36 W. 
6 Miles,) to the Bound began at." And that the same be, and hereby is 
incorporated into a Township, by the Name of Greensborough. And 
the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, by 
virtue of these Presents are declared to be infranchised, & entitled to all 
the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns 
within this State do, and ought, by the Laws and Constitution of this 
State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said Granted 
Premises, as above expressed, with all the Priviledges and Appurtenances 
thereto belonging or appertaining, unto them and to their respective 
Heirs and Assigns forever, upon the following Conditions and Reserva- 
tions, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor in the Township of Greensboro' afore- 
said, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate five Acres of Land, 
and build an House, at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, or have 
one Family settled, on each respective Right, within the Term of Three 
Years, next after the circumstances of the present War will admit of a 
Settlement with Safety; on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective 
Right, or Share of Land in said Township, not so improved or settled; 
and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be, by their 
Representatives, regranted to such Persons as shall appear, to settle 
and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber, suitable for a Navy, be 
reserved for the use and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. In 
Testimony whereof, We have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, 
In Council, this Twentieth Day of August in the Year of our Lord, 
One Thousand seven Hundred & Eighty one; And in the 5 th year of our 
Independence. . . 

By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho. Tolman Dep y . Secr y . 

Thomas Chittenden. 



THE CHARTER OF GROTTON 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting — 

Know Ye that whereas Lieuftenant Thomas BuiTERFiELDand his 
Associates have by Petition Requested a Grant of a Tract of Land that is 



86 CHARTER RECORDS 

unappropriated within this State in Order for settling a new Plantation 
to be erected into a Township We have therefore thought fit for the 
Due encouragement of their Laudable Designs and for other Valuable 
Causes and Considerations us hereunto moving And Do by these Pre- 
sents in the name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of 
Vermont Give & Grant the Tract of Land hereafter Discribed and 
Bounded unto the said Lieuf. Thomas Butterfield and the several Persons 
hereafter named his associates in equal Shares Viz Nathaniel Douglas 
Jun, Aaron Horsford Joseph Haskel Gideon Spencer Asa Douglas 
Thomas Tolman Thomas Tolman Jun, Joseph Fairbank John Payne 
Jun, Elijah King Ebenezer Curtis Ezra Fellows Joshua Stanton Daniel 
McArthur Benjamin Watsworth John Stewart, Nehemiah Lovewell 
Nehemiah Lovewell Jun James Whitlaw Elijah Galusha Noah Chitten- 
den Shadrac Hatheway Jedediah Hide Lemuel Bradley Asa Burnham 
Isaac Andrus Isaac Andrus Jun, Roswel Andrus Ethan Allen Joshua 
Webb John Sibley John Knickerbacor Leonard Robinson John C, 
Williams Benjamin Sumner John Sill Samuel Lothrop Samuel Elmer 
Caleb Smith Thomas Jewitt Hezekiah Hutchinson Jonathan Fassett 
John Fassett Jun, Samuel Robinson Benjamin Fay Abraham Vanden- 
burgh Levinus Vandenburgh William Dyre Peter Wright Jonathan Child 
Nathaniel Tisdale Payne Heber Allen Paul Dewey David Beebejun, 
Eliakim Stoddard Moses Robinson David Fassett David Beebe Robert 
Johnson Samuel Comstock Jabez Bingham Mary Bingham Mabel 
Mitchel Ebenezer Wallis Robert Lovewell Sarah Chittenden James 
Abbott Polly Fay Benjamin Ray Joseph Fay Two rights or equal 
Eighty one parts John Strong John Taplin Jonathan Arnold Lyman 
Potter John Johnstone Jun Oliver Ashley, & Jonathan Hunt Thomas 
Chittenden in Lieu of Ephraim Bailey which together with the five 
following rights or equal shares reserved to the several public uses in 
manner following Include the whole of said Tract or Township Viz One 
right for the use of a Semenary or College one right for the use of County 
Grammer Schools throughout this State One right for the first settled 
Minister of the Gospel in said Township forever One right for the support 
of the Ministry in said Town and one right for the support of an English 
School or Schools in said Town — Which Tract of Land hereby Given and 
Granted as aforesaid is bounded and Described as follows Viz Be- 
ginning at a Spruce Tree Marked Peacham Corner 1786 being the South- 
westerly Corner of said Peacham & running south sixty eight Degrees East 
six miles in the Southerly Line of Peacham to the Southwesterly Corner 
thereof which is also the Northwesterly Comer of Rygate being a Beach 
Stump and Stands Twenty one Links South from a Maple Tree Marked 
Rygate Northwest Corner 1786 thence Southerly in the Westerly Lines of 
Rygate and Newbury to the Northeasterly Corner of Topsham Then westerly 
in the Northerly Lines of Topsham and Orange so far that extending a Strait 
Line Northardly to the bounds began at will Contain Twenty eight thousand 
Acres And that the same be and is hereby Incorporated into a Township 
by the Name of Grotton & the Inhabitants that Do or shall hereafter 



Hamilton's gore 87 

inhabit said Township are Declared to be Infranchised and Intitled 
to all The Privileges and Immunities which the Inhabitants of other 
Towns in this State do & ought by the Laws & Constitution thereof 
to exercise & enjoy — 

To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or Ap- 
pertaining unto them and their Respective Heirs and Assigns forever 
Upon the following Conditions & Reservations Viz that each Proprietor 
in the Town of Grotton aforesaid his Heirs or Assigns shall plant and 
Cultivate five Acres of Land and Build an House at Least eighteen feet 
Square on the floor or have one Family settled on each Respective Right 
within the Term of three years next after the Bounds of said Township 
shall be fully Assertained & known on Penalty of the forfeiture of each 
respective Right or Share of Land in said Township not so Improved or 
settled and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their 
Representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle and 
Cultivate the same — 

In Testimony whereof we have hereunto Caused the Seal of this 
State to be Affixed this 20 Day of October in the year of our Lord One 
Thousand seven Hundred & Eighty Nine — 
By His Excellency 8 

Command 

Joseph Fay Secretary Thomas Chittenden 



[CHARTER OF HAMBLETONS GORE] [ALIAS 
HAMILTON'S GORE] 

State of Vermont The GOVERNOR, COUNCIL, AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 

< — * — » Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont 

\ J To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting:. 

Know ye that whereas it has been Represented to us by our Worthy 
friend Silas Hammilton and associates, that there is a Certain tract of 
vacant Land within this State which has not been heretofore granted 
which they pray may be granted to them, We have therefore thot fit for 
the due encouragement of settling a New plantation within this State, 
and other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And Do by these 
presents in the Name and by the authority of the freemen of Vermont, 
give and Grant unto the said Silas Hammilton and the Several persons 
hereafter Named his associates, viz, Thomas Sterms, John Butler, James 
Roberts, Abner Moor, James Angel, Charles Dodge, and Eliphalet Hyde; 



88 CHARTER RECORDS 

Bounded as follows, viz, Begining at the Southeast of Wilmington, and 

Northeast corner of Whiiingham at a Beach tree Marked &PM, thence 

Bounded on Wilmington north eighty degrees west 176 chains and 2$ links 

to a small Maple tree Marked & P. M., Thence south 10 Deg* West 171 

chains and 2$ links to a large Beach tree Marked M. C.jn. Thence south 

eighty deg 3 East 176 chains and 25 links to a Large Hemlock tree on Halifax 
line, Thence Bounded on Halifax line North 10 Deg s East 171 chains and 
25 links to the first Mentioned Bounds containing three thousand acres. 
And the said tract of Land is hereby Declared to be joined to the Town- 
ship of Whitingham, and intitled to receive equal priviledges and im- 
munities in connection with said Town, as other corporated Towns 
within this State do by Law Exercise & enjoy. To have and to hold 
the said Granted premises with every appurtenence and priviledge to 
them and their respective Heirs & assigns as above discribed to their 
free and full Enjoyment forever, In Testimony whereof we have caused 
the seal of this State to be afixed this 15 th day of March A. D. 1780 and 
In the third year of the Independence of this State . 

Thomas Chittenden. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — The foregoing charter from page 21, Vol I of [Ms] Vermont Charters is again 
recorded on page 20 of "Vol II" [Ms] Vermont charters, without substantial change. 




THE CHARTER OF HANCOCK 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of Vermont. 

To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas Messieurs Samuel Willcox, Daniel Kinne, 
and Josiah Wright, and their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by 
Petition, requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land, within 
this State, in order for settling a new Plantation, to be erected into a 
Township: We have therefore thought fit, for the due encourage- 
ment of their laudable Designs, and for other valuable considerations us 
hereunto moving: And do, by these Presents, in the name, and by the 
Authority of the Freemen of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of 
Land hereafter described and bounded, unto the said Samuel Willcox, 
Daniel Kinne, Josiah Wright, and their Associates, viz 1 ; Jeremiah Cady, 
Zebulon Norton, Asa Whitcomb, Ezra Norton, Benjamin Sawyer Jun r , 
John Norton, James Goodrich, Josiah Wright Jun r , John Wright, Jason 
Robbins, Joshua Robbins, Enoch Wright, Grove Wright, William 



HANCOCK 89 

Brattle, James Brattle, Joseph Durkee, Stephen Holt, Abiel Holt, 
Daniel Kimball, William Martin Jun r , Woodbridge Belcher, Warren 
Cady, John Cady, Ambrose Norton, William Norton, Nathan Chitten- 
den, Dorothy Martin, Nathaniel Rawson, Charles Button, Stephen 
Morse, Israel Frink, Ephraim Sawyer, Nathan Watkins, Ephraim 
Sawyer Jun r , Josiah Sawyer, John Lessuer, Ebenezer Bacon, Ebenezer 
Pierce, Stephen Tracy, Jeremiah Smith, Jonathan Smith Jun r , Stephen 
Carpenter, Daniel Morse Jun r , Nathaniel Mason, Asa Roper, Samuel 
Lessuer, Joseph Bennett, William Clark, William Clark Jun r , Mark 
Watkins, Samuel Willcox Jun r Nathaniel Morey, Daniel Brown, Ben- 
jamin Sawyer 2 nd , Joshua Whitney, Ephraim Whitcomb, Joseph Lessuer, 
Abraham Norton, Samuel Belcher, Silas Winchester, Andrew Belcher, 
Eliezur Burnham, Ebenezer Couch, John Barber, Benjamin Sawyer, 
Jared Smith, Timothy Meach, Russell Kellogg, John Baker, Peabody 
Kinne, Enoch Clark, Elijah Clark, Nathaniel Wright, Perez Graves, 
Elnathan Graves, John James, Jacob Kinne, Christopher Minor, Lyman 
Kinne, Ephraim Minor, David Stoddard, Obadiah Dickenson Jun r , 
Israel Chapin, Henry Champion Jun r , Edward Convers, Elisha Brown, 
Joseph Mason, James Russell, Joel Holton, Wales Cheney, John Norton 
Jun r , Calvin Burt Belcher, Samuel Winchester, Abigail Belcher, Charles 
Goodrich, Charles Goodrich Jun r , Jacob W 7 ard, Josiah Ward, James 
Barber, Eliphalet Huntington, Seth Minor, Joseph Huntington, Joseph 
Huntington Jun r , Joseph Strong, Noah Edwards, Israel Stoddard, 
Thomas May, Solomon Stoddard, Luther Johnson, Joshua Johnson, 
Solomon Stoddard Jun r , David Parsons, Obadiah Dickenson, Elihu 
Dickenson, Solomon Williams, John Stoddard, Epaphoditus Champion, 
Henry Champion, Elijah Wait, Abel Willcox, James Sims, Elisha White, 
David Osgood, Ephraim W'hitcomb Jun r , Levi Pierce, Nathan Norton 
and Benjamin Winchester, which, together with the Ten following one 
Hundred and Fortieth Parts of said Land, reserved to the several uses 
in manner following, include the whole of said Township, viz 1 ; Two 
140 th Parts for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; Two 140 th Parts for 
the use of County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount 
of Two one Hundred & Fortieth Parts to be and remain for the Purpose 
of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Town- 
ship; Lands, to the amount of Two 140 th Parts for the support of the 
social worship of God in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of 
Two 140 th Parts for the support of an English School or Schools in said 
Township. Which said Four 140 th Parts, for the use of a Seminary or 
Colledge; and for the use of County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and 
the Improvements, Rents, Interests and Profits arising therefrom, shall 
be under the Controul, Order, Direction and Disposal of the General 
Assembly of said State forever: And the Proprietors of said Township 
are hereby authorised and empowered to locate said Four 140 th Parts 
justly and equitably, or Quantity for Quality, in such Parts of said 
Township as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode 
the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the said Prop- 



90 CHARTER RECORDS 

rietors are hereby further empowered to locate the Lands aforesaid, 
amounting to six 140 th Parts; assigned for the settlement of a Minister 
and Ministers, — for their Support; and for the use and Support of En- 
glish Schools, in such, and in so many Places as they or their Committee 
shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said Township 
when the same shall be fully settled and improved; laying the same 
equitably, or Quantity for Quality. Which said Lands, amounting 
to the Six 140 th Parts last mentioned, when located as aforesaid, shall, 
together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues and 
Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the uses and Purposes for 
which they are respectively assigned; and be under the Charge, Direction, 
and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. Which 
Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, is bounded and 
described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the North westerly Corner of 
(N° J.) Rochester; then Southerly in the Westerly Line of (N° 3.) Rochester , 
about six Miles, to an Angle thereof; then North Sixty one Degrees West 
(provided this Course should strike the north Easterly Corner of Philadel- 
phia; then northerly in the Line of Philadelphia, to an Angle thereof; 
then South westerly in the Line of Philadelphia, so far as to intersect said 
Line North 61 ° West; Then North 61 ° West) so far that to turn North 
Thirty three Degrees East, until turning South 61 Degrees East, to the 
Bound began at, will contain the Contents of Six miles square." And 
that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, by the 
name of Hancock. And the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised, and entitled to 
all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns 
within this State do, and ought, by Law and Constitution, to exercise 
and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises, as above 
expressed, in equal Shares, that is to say, one one Hundred and Fortieth 
Part of said Township to each Proprietor, with all the Priviledges and 
Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, to them and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever; upon the following Conditions and 
Reservations, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor of the Township of Hancock 
aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Three Acres of 
Land, or build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, or 
have one Family settled on each respective Share, or 140 th Part of said 
Township, within the Term of Three Years next after the Circumstances 
of the war will admit of a Settlement with safety: on Penalty of the For- 
feiture of each Share, or one Hundred and Fortieth Part of the Land in 
said Township, not so improved or settled; and the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State, to be by their Representatives, regranted to such 
Persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use and Benefit of the 
Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my 
Hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed this 31 st Day of 
July Anno Domini 1781. And in the 5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho. Tolman Dep y Secr y . 



<* 



HARDWICK 91 

THE CHARTER OF HARDWICK 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
- — . Freemen of the State of Vermont 



{-• } , 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting 



Know ye that Whereas Colonel Danforth Keyes. The Hon ble . 
Jonas Fay Esquire and M r Eliakim Spooner, & their associates, our 
worthy Friends have by petition requested a Grant of a Tract of Unap- 
ropriated Lands within this State in order for setling a New plantation 
to be erected into a Township, we have therefore thought fit for the due 
encouragement of their Laudable Designs, and for other valuable con- 
siderations us hereunto moving, & do by these Presents, in the name and 
by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and grant 
the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and bounded unto them the said 
Danforth Keyes Jonas Fay & Eliakim Spooner, and to the several per- 
sons hereafter Named their associates in equal Shares, viz 1 , Elijah 
Dewey, Nathaniel Brush, Eldad Dewey, Timothy Brownson, Thomas 
Chittenden, Moses Robinson, Moses Robinson Ju r . Aaron Robinson, 
Mary Robinson, Thomas Brown Ju r , Samuel Robinson, the Second, 
Nathan Robinson, Leonard Robinson, Samuel Robinson, Benjamin 
Robinson, David Robinson, Jonathan Robinson, Silas Robinson, 
Asahel Billings, Jonas Marsh, Aaron Morse, John Fasset, John Fasset 
Ju r . Hannah Fasset, David Fasset, Nathan Fasset, Amos Fasset, Ben- 
jamin Fasset, Samuel Underwood, Roswell Mosley, Josiah Fay, Lydia 
Fay, Ruth Brush, Heman A. Fay, Challice Safford, Challice Fay, Paul 
Spooner, Daniel Spooner, Paul Spooner Ju r . Amasa Spooner, Jedediah 
Fay, Thomas Lawton, Betty Spooner, Jeremiah Richardson, Anna 
Spooner, John Knickerbacor, Jonathan Warner, Daniel Warner, Charles 
Doolittle, Lucius Doolittle, Jonathan Lynde, Bathsheba, Spooner, 
Alfred Spooner, Zurashaddai Doty, Moses Dooty, Martin Kinsley, 
Daniel Warner Ju r Jonathan Warner, 2 d , Jonathan Safford, Timothy 
Ruggles, Timothy Fay, Richard Doyle, Clark Laughton & Moses Cham- 
berlin, which Together with the five following Rights reserved to the 
several uses in manner following include the whole of said Tract or 
READ Township viz 1 , Read, which Tract of Land hereby given & Granted as 
The Charter aforesaid is bounded & discribed as follows viz 1 Beginning, at the North 

of ^P^ 1 } Westerly Corner of Woodbury, then North thirty six degrees East six Miles, 

in the same i ^ ien i0ui ^ 54 D° East, six miles, Then south 36 D° West, in the line of 

words with Walden, six Miles, Then North 54. D° West, in the Line of Woodbury to 

this for the bounds Began at — And that the same be & hereby is incorporated into 

dts %°fa n l a Township by the name of Hardwick and the Inhabitents, that door 

Pvblic shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised & 

Rights entitled to all the Priviledges & immunities, that the Inhabitents of other 

Towns within this State, do & ought by the Laws & Constitution of S d 

State to Exercise & enjoy. To Have and to hold, the said Granted 



92 CHARTER RECORDS 

Premises as above expressed, with all the Priviledges & appurtenences 
thereunto belonging or appertaining unto them & their respective Heirs & 
assigns forever upon the following Conditions & Reservations, Viz 1 . 
That each Proprietor in the Township of Hardwick aforesaid his Heirs 
or assigns, shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land & build an House at 
least Eighteen feet square on the Floor, or have one family settled on 
Each respective right within the Term of three years next after the Cir- 
cumstances of the Present War will admit of a Settlement with Safety, 
on Penalty of the Forfieture of each respective right or share of Land in 
said Township, not so improved or settled, & the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to Such 
persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the same; That all Pine 
Timber suitablefor a Navy, be reserved for the use and Benint of the 
Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal 
of this State to be affixed, In Council this nineteenth day of August, in 
the year of our Lord 1781. and in the 5 th year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



A 



HARRIS GORE 



The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
■*■ — - State of Vermont — - 



/ State \ 
\ Seal / 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come — Greeting — 



Know Ye, that we for divers good causes and considerations us 
thereunto moving, have and by these presents do in the name, and on 
behalf of the freemen of the State of Vermont, give, grant, and confirm 
unto Edward Harris Esquire and to his associates, as follows, to wit, 
Isaac Jones, William Ewing, Alexander Ewing, William Pitt Jones, 
Helmont Kellogg, John Knickerbacor, Samuel Shepardson, Martin 
Powell, George Sloan, Elijah Gore, Gideon Brownson, Nathan Dayton, 
Amos Dayton, John Strong Esq r , John Flagg and Eli Brownson and 
to his and their respective heirs and assignees forever, a certain tract of 
land situate in the County of Caledonia, in this State, and known on the 
Surveyor Generals map of the state by the name of "Harris's GoRE.' , 
and is more particularly described and bounded as follows, to wit, Be- 
ginning at the west corner of Peacham at a Spruce tree, marked " Peacham 
corner 1786," and running from thence south seven degrees west, seven 
miles and thirty three chains to a little Yellow Birch tree, standing on 



HARRIS GORE— HITCHCOCK S GORE 93 

the east side of a brook marked "Groton corner 1788" — being the south 
west corner of the township of Groton, thence North fifty seven degrees west, 
about two miles and sixty five chains to a spruce tree marked "Part of 
Goshen " — being the South east cornet of Goshen Gore; thence north thirty six 
degrees east three miles and five chains, to a little spruce, seventeen links 
north east from a beach tree marked " Part of Goshen August 13 1788 " — 
Thence north fifty four degrees west sixty two chains, sixty seven links, to 
the south east corner of Marsh field, being a great birch tree marked "Marsh- 
field south east corner May 29 th 1 788" — on land descending north — 
thence north thirty six degrees east in the East line of Marshfield, three miles 
and forty chains to the first bound, containing Six thousand and twenty six 
acres of land — 

To have and to hold, the said granted premises, -with all the privi- 
leges and appurtenances thereunto belonging and appertaining to him 
the said Edward Harris, and to the several persons before named his 
associates, as aforesaid, and to his and their respective heirs and assign- 
ees forever to his and their sole use benefit and behoof — 

Given and Granted by the General Assembly by their act, 
bearing date the twenty fifth day of February A.D. one thousand seven 
hundred & eighty two 

In testimony whereof I have hereto set my hand and caused the 
seal of this state to be affixed in Council at Newbury this thirtieth day of 
October A. D. one thousand eight hundred and one; and of the Inde- 
pendence of. the United States the twenty sixth — 
By his Excellencys command Isaac Tichenor 

Ros. Hopkins Sec y of State — 
Recorded October 8 th 1802. 

Attest Ros. Hopkins Sec y of State. — 



CHARTER OF HITCHCOCK'S GORE 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
f — * Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



" 



To all People to whom these Presents shall Come Greeting — 



Know Ye that Whereas David Hitchcock, Micah Townsend, 
Joseph Enos, Moses Benson, Daniel Benson, Oliver Cheney; Ebenezer 
Ober, and Jonas Moore have by their Petition requested a grant of a 
Gore or Tract of unappropriated Lands lying in the County of Windham 
within this State; Bounded northerly upon Athens, Easterly upon Put- 
ney, Southerly upon Dummerston, and Westerly upon New Fane and 
Townshend. 



94 CHARTER RECORDS 

We have thought fit for divers valuable Considerations us here- 
unto moving; And do by these Presents in the name and by the Au- 
thority of the Fremen of the State of Vermont give and grant the 
Gore or Tract of Land above bounded and described (containing by 
estimation one thousand Acres) unto the several Persons before named, 
their Heirs and Assigns in the following Proportions (viz 1 ) to David 
Hitchcock two hundred and thirty five Acres, Micah Townsend one 
hundred and fifty Acres, Joseph Enos one hundred Acres, Moses Benson 
fifty Acres, Daniel Benson fifty Acres, Oliver Cheney ninety Acres, 
Ebenezer Ober ninety Acres, and Jonas Moore two hundred and thirty 
five Acres: And that the said Gore or tract of Land be and is hereby 
annexed unto and hereafter shall be taken & reputed a part of the Town 
of Putney. — And the inhabitants which do or shall hereafter inhabit 
said Gore shall be entitled to and have and enjoy all the Priviledges & 
immunities that the other inhabitants of Putney — aforesaid do and ought 
by Law and the Constitution of this State to exercise and enjoy. — to 
have and to hold the said granted Premises (in such Proportion as 
aforesaid) with all the Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging 
and appertaining unto the said Grantees and their respective Heirs and 
Assigns forever. Reserving however all the Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy, for the use and benefit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council this nineteenth day of June Anno Domini one thousand 
seven hundred & eighty three and in the seventh year of the Inde- 
pendence of this State. 

Tho s . Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command 
Jn° Knickerbacor Dept. Secry. 



THE CHARTER OF HOLLAND 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas our worthy friends Timothy Andrus and 
company, have by petition requested a Grant of a Tract of unappro- 
priated Lands within this State, for the purpose of settling a new planta- 
tion, to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought fit, for 
the due encouragement of their Laudable designs & for other valuable 
causes & considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these presents 



HOLLAND 95 

in the Name & by the Authority of the State of Vermont, give & grant 
the Tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto him the said 
Timothy Andrus, & the several persons hereafter named his associates in 
equal Shares Viz r , Joseph Picket, Abel Person, John Howe, Samuel Hull, 
Daniel Howlbrook, Caleb Canda, David Bellamy, William Sabin Ju r . 
Col° Benjamin Hinman, Nathaniel Tuttle, Shadrach Orsborn, Ebenezer 
Smith, Ebenezer Smith Jun r Daniel Smith, Samuel Drakeley, Thomas 
Drakley, William Drakeley, Phinehas Freeman, Ebenezer Field Jun r 
Rodolphus W Field, Bohan P Field, Ebenezer Field, Asaph W T orren Field, 
Loring Sheldon Field, Abijah Hyde, Benjamin Davis, Agur Tomlinson, 
Benjamin Davis Jun r Neomi Davis, Sheldon C Leavitt Theophilus 
Miles, Isaac Beers, Elias Beers, Nathan Beers, Abigal Beers, Jonathan 
Oazlay, William Carter, Hon ble William Hilhouse, James Hilhouse, 
Hebecka Hilhouse, John G Hilhouse, Elias Shipman, Ebenezer Fi ch, 
Elijah Forbs, William Forbs, Isaac Hinmam, Ebenezer Strong, Moses 
Robinson Esquire, Aaron Robinson, Amos Babcock, Jeremiah Atwater, 
Isaac Davis, Timothy Hinman, Patience Strong, Joseph Davis, Oliver 
Chatfield, Silas Hecock, Ephraim Strong, and Amos Johnson; Together 
with the five following Rights or equal Shares reserved to the several 
public uses in manner following Viz 1 One full Right or equal Share for the 
use of a College within this State, One full share for the use & benefit of 
county grammar Schools throughout this State One full Share for the 
first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township, One full share for 
the use & Support of the social worship of God in said Township, to be 
disposed of for that purpose in such manner as the inhabitants of said 
Township shall from [time] to time agree — One full share for the use & 
support of an English School or Schools in said Township forever, Which 
Tract of Land hereby given & granted as afores d is bounded & described 
as follows Viz 1 , Beginning at a fir tree marked N°i, N°2,N°3, N°4 & 
running North 17 D° East, five Miles & seven Chains to a Stake 23 links, 
S 75 D° East from a beach Tree in the province line marked N°l, N°4, 
Oct* 19, 178s, Then South 82 D° & 20 Minutes East in the province line, 
seven Miles 13 13 Chains to a small Spruce Tree, Standing in the province 
Line, marked N° 4, N°6, 1783, Then South 17 D° West five Miles "d 7 
Chains to a Stake iy Stones 13 Links West, from a beech Tree, marked 
N° S, N° 4, Then North Eighty two Degrees & [20 Minutes] West Seven 
Miles iff 13 Chains to the bounds began at, containing twenty three thousand 
y forty Acres — And that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a 
-Township by the Name of Holland & the Inhabitants that do or shall 
"hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be infranchised & en- 
titled to all the privileges & immunities which the inhabitants of other 
Towns within this State do & ought by the Laws & constitution thereof 
to exercise & enjoy— :*".-• 

To have & to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences thereunto belonging or apper- 
taining unto them and their respective heirs & assigns forever, upon the 
following Conditions & reservations (to wit) That each proprietor in the 



g6 CHARTER RECORDS 

Township of Holland afores d his heirs or Assigns shall plant & cultivate 
five Acres of Land & build a house at least Eighteen feet square on the 
floor or have one family settled on each respective Right or Share of 
Land within the Term of four years from the time the outlines of said 
Township is known & established as the Law directs on penalty of the 
forfeiture of each respective Right or Share in said Township, not so 
settled & improved & the same to revert to the freemen of this State, 
to be by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear 
to settle & cultivate the same, In Testimony whereof we have caused 
the Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this 26 th day October 
1779, in the 3 d Year of our independence 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 8 Command. % 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF HOPKINSVILLE 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
freemen of the state of vermont. 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas Roswell Hopkins of our City of Vergennes 
in our County of Addison Esquire our worthy friend has by petition 
represented that there is a Gore or tract of Land in this State which has 
not heretofore been granted, lying & being in our County of Orrange 
butted & bounded as follows Beginning, at a Stake & Stones being the 
North Corner of Littleton, 1$ running from thence North Eleven Degrees \3 
§0 Minutes West 278 Chains in the Easterly line of S l Johnsbury, to a 
Maple tree marked Lyndon S, E, Corner November 15 th , 1786, thence 
North 20 D° East 69 Chains & 43 Links in the East line of Lyndon to a 
large beach tree marked south corner of Burke 1787, Then North 43 D° 
East 288 Chains in the Easterly line of Burke to the west corner of Victory 
being a Spruce tree Marked; Victory west corner 1786, then South 28 D° 
27 Minutes East 333 Chains i$ 13 Links Then South 4.5 D° West two 
hundred 1$ twenty seven Chains to the Northwesterly line of Concord; Then 
South 64 D° iff 31 Minutes West 160 Chains in the back line of Concord 
to the North Corner of Littleton, the bounds began at, containing Eleven 
thousand two hundred & Sixty four Acres, & no more which he prays may 
be granted to him, We have therefore thought fit for the due encourage- 
ment of settling a new plantation within this State & other valuable 
considerations us hereunto moving, Do by these presents in the Name 



HOPKINSVILLE — HUNTSBURGH 97 

& by the authority of the State of Vermont, give & grant unto the said 
Roswell Hopkins his heirs & assigns the afore 8d described premises con- 
taining Eleven thousand two hundred & sixty four Acres of Land & no 
more & the same is hereby incorporated by the Name of Hopkinsville 
& the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said granted premises 
are declared to be infranchised & entitled to all the privileges & im- 
munities that other towns within this State do by Law exercise & enjoy, 
— To have & to hold the said granted premises as above described & 
expressed, with all the privileges & appurtenences thereof & thereunto 
belonging to him the said Roswell Hopkins, his heirs & assigns to his & their 
own proper use benefit & behoof forever, under the following Conditions & 
reservations (to wit) the said Roswell Hopkins his heirs or Assigns shall for 
every three hundred & fifty acres of the said premises plant & cultivate 
five Acres of Land & build a house at least Eighteen feet square upon the 
floor or have one family settled thereon within four years from this 
date on pain of the forfeiture of such part or the whole as shall not be 
settled & improved as afores d , & the same to revert back to this State to 
be granted by the authority of the same to such person or persons, as 
shall appear to settle & cultivate the same, And all pine timber suitable 
for a Navy shall be reserved for the use of this State In Testimony 
whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be hereunto affixed 
this 27 th day of October in the 16 th year of the independence of the 
United States, in the year of our Lord 1790 — 

By His Excellency 8 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec 7 . 

Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF HUNTSBURGH 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these -presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know Ye, that whereas the Hon ble Jonathan Hunt Esquire & 
his associates our worthy friends, have by petition requested a grant of 
Land within this State; for the purpose of settling a new plantation, to be 
erected into a Township We have therefore thought fit for the due 
encouragement of their laudable designs & for other valuable causes & 
considerations us hereunto moving. Do by these presents in the Name 
& by the authority of the freemen of this State, hereby give & grant 



98 CHARTER RECORDS 

unto the s d Jonathan Hunt & his Associates & to their heirs & Assigns 
forever, the following tract of Land hereafter described & bounded, to be 
divided & holden by them respectively as follows Viz 1 — TotheHon ble 
Jonathan Hunt Esq r Thirty one sixty ninth parts, M r Samuel Hubbard 
Eighteen sixty ninth parts, Joseph Fay Esquire seven sixty Ninth parts, 
M r John Bridgeman Jun r four Sixty ninth parts, Hon bIe Ebenezer Wal- 
bridge Esq r three sixty ninth parts, & Ebenezer Marvin Esq r One 
Sixty ninth part, Together with five equal sixty ninth parts, reserved 
for the following public uses Viz 1 One sixty ninth part for the use £ 
benefit of a Seminary or College within this State, One sixty ninth part 
for the use & benefit of county Grammar Schools throughout this State. 
One sixty ninth part for the first Settled Minister of the Gospel in s d 
Township to be to him & his heirs forever. One sixty ninth part for 
the use, benefit & support of the Ministry in s d Township forever, to be 
appropriated to that sole & exclusive purpose forever, as the inhabitants 
of s d Town shall from time to time hereafter determine; One sixty ninth 
part for the use benefit & support of an English School or Schools within 
s d Town forever. — bounded as follows Viz. Beginning at the northeasterly 
corner of Hungerford £s? running northerly in the westerly line of Berkshire 
to the norzuesterly Corner thereof, which is in the north line of the State, 
Then west in s d North line of the State so far that turning and running 
South to the Northerly line of Highgate, Then Easterly in the northerly 
lines of s d Highgate 13 Hungerford to the hounds began at, will contain 
Twenty three thousand & forty Acres. 

And That the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Town 
ship by the name of Huntsburgh and the inhabitants that do or 
shall hereafter inhabit s d Township, are declared to be infranch- 
ised & entitled to all the privileges & immunities that the 
inhabitants of other Incorporated Towns within this State do by the 
Laws & the constitution thereof exercise & enjoy. To have & to hold 
the s d granted premises with all the privileges & appurtenences belonging, 
or in any appertaining unto them, & their respective Heirs & Assigns 
forever, on the following Conditions & reservations Viz, that each pro- 
prietor in s d Township of Huntsburgh, his heirs or assigns shall plant & 
cultivate five Acres of Land, on each respective sixty ninth part except- 
ing public rights & build a house at. least eighteen feet square on the 
floor, or have one family settled on each respective sixty ninth part with- 
in the time prescribed by the Statute law of this State, prescribing 
the time for settling Townships granted by this State, On penalty of the 
forfeiture of each sixty ninth part not so settled & improved as aforesaid 
& the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their repre- 
sentatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle, & culti- 
vate, the same. In Testimony, Whereof, We have caused the Seal of 
this State to be hereunto affixed this 19 th Day of March A D 1789, and 
in the thirteenth Year of The Independence of this State. ; . 



HYDE PARK 99 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Said five public Rights to be laid out in equal Shares by said Prop- 
rietors in quantity & quality, in such and in so many places as will least 
incommode the General settlement of said Township, as said Proprietors 
shall agree. 




THE CHARTER OF HYDE'S-PARK 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of Vermont. 

To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 

Know ye, that whereas Jedediah Hyde, Esquire, and his Associates, 
have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land, 
within this State, of six Miles square, in order for settling a new Planta- 
tion, to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought 
fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, and for other 
valuable considerations us hereunto moving, — And Do, by these Pres- 
ents in the Name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of Vermont, 
give and grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and bounded, unto 
the said Jedediah Hyde, and the several Persons hereafter named, his 
Associates, viz 1 ; William Denison, Asa Waterman, William Ledgard, 
William Latham, Elihu Marvin, Jonathan Brewster, John Lamb, 
Charles Lamb, Elisha Edgerton, Hezekiah Edgerton, Samuel Caprin, 
Ransford Rose, Robert Holla m, Richard Deshon, Richard Deshon Jun r , 
Samuel Lathrop, Zacheus Lathrop, Jared Tracey, Frederick Tracey, 
Simeon Thomas, John Dorrance, Ebenezer Basto, Theophilus Rogers, 
Zabdiel Rogers, Daniel Rodman, Thcmas Chittenden, Roger Enos Jun r , 
Zedediah Varnum, Elisha Marvin, Elisha Lathrop, William Reed, Ed- 
ward Latham, William Whitney, Ebenezer Witter, Nichol 3 Fosdick, 
Peleg Hyde, William Wattles, Samuel Cardall, John M c Cl n Breed, 
Daniel Coit, William Hubbard, Christopher Leffingwell, Elijah Bill, 
Augustus Peck, Lodwick Champlin, Araunah Waterman, Elijah Backus, 
John Davis, Thomas Mumford, Giles Mumford, Solomon Storey, Amasa 
Jones, Henry Billings, Andrew Billings, Joseph Woodbridge, Henry 
Woodbridge, Jabez Fitch, Ebenezer Whitney, Henry Rice, Erastus 
Rossiter, Benjamin Talman, Joseph Smith, Thomas James Douglass, 
and Jedediah Hyde Junior; which, together with the five following 



ICO CHARTER RECORDS 

Rights, reserved to the several Uses in manner following, include the 
whole of said Township, Viz 1 ; One Right for the use of a Seminary or 
Colledge; One Right for the use of County Grammar Schools in said 
State; Lands, to the amount of one Right, to be and remain for the 
Purpose of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said 
Township forever; Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support 
of the social Worship of god in said Township; and Lands, to the amount 
of one Right, for the support of an English School or Schools in said 
Township. Which said two Rights, for the use of a Seminary or Col- 
ledge, and for the use of County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the 
Improvements, Rents, Interests and Profits arising therefrom, shall 
be under the Controul, Order, Direction, and Disposal of the General 
Assembly of said State forever. And the Proprietors of said Township 
are hereby authorised and empowered to locate said two Rights, justly 
and equitably, or Quantity for Quality, in such Parts of said Township 
as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode the general 
Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the said Proprietors are 
hereby further empowered, to locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to 
three Rights, assigned for the Settlement of a Minister and Ministers; 
for their support; and for the use and support of English Schools, in 
such, and in so many Places, as they, or their Committee shall judge, 
will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said Township, when the 
same shall be fully settled and improved; laying the same equitably, or 
Quantity for Quality. Which said Lands, amounting to the three last 
mentioned Rights, when located as aforesaid, shall, together with their 
Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues and Interests, remain 
unalienably appropriated, to the uses and Purposes for which they are 
respectively assigned; and be under the Charge, Direction, and Disposal 
of the Selectmen of said Township, in trust to, and for the use of said 
Town forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as 
aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at 
the North Easterly Corner of Morristozvn; Then North j6° East in the Line 
of Wolcott and Minden, six Miles; Then North 54 West Six Miles; Then 
South 36 West six Miles, to the north westerly Corner of Morristozvn 
aforesaid; Then South 54 East in the Line of said Morristozvn, six miles, 
to the Bounds began at." And that the same be, and hereby is incorp- 
orated into a Township by the name of Hyde's park. And the In- 
habitants that do, or may hereafter inhabit said Township are declared 
to be infranchised, and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities 
that the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do, and ought by 
the Laws and Constitution of this State, to exercise and enjoy. To 
Have and to Hold the said granted Premises, as above ex- 
pressed, with all the Priviledges and appurtenances thereto 
belonging and appertaining, to them, and their respective Heirs 
and Assigns forever: upon the following Conditions and Reservations, 
viz 1 ; That each Proprietor of the Township of Hyde's Park aforesaid, 
his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of Land, and 



IRASBURGH IOI 

build an House, at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor; or have one 
Family settled on each respective Right, within the Term of Four Years, 
next after the Circumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement with 
Safety: on Penalty of the Forfeiture of each Right of Land in said Town- 
ship, not so improved, or settled; and the same to revert to the Freemen 
of this State; to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such Persons 
as shall appear, to settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber 
suitable for a Navy, be reserved to the use and Benefit of the Freemen of 
this State. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand, and 
caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, this Twenty-seventh Day of 
August, Anno Domini 1781. And in the 5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho. Tolman Dep y . Sec y . 



IRASBURGH 



The Governor & Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas the Honorable Ira Allen Esquire and 
associates our worthy Friends have by Petition requested a grant of Un- 
appropriated Lands within State for the Purpose of settling a New 
Plantation we have therefore thought fit for the Due Encouragement 
of their Laudable Designs and for other Valuable Causes & Consider- 
tions us hereunto Moving And Do by these presents in the Name and 
by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont hereby give 
and Grant unto the said Ira Allen and the several persons hereafter 
Named his Associates in equal Shares Viz Roger Enos Roger Enos Jun. 
Jerusha Enos Jerusha Enos Jun Sybbil Enos Silas Hatheway Nathan 
Allen Nancy Allen Betsey Allen John Page Thomas Welch Charles 
Butler Robert Johnson Thomas Peck Abner Peck William Masters Pela 
Pond Charles Pratt Phinehas Pratt Walter Brewster, Philip Walpoole, 
Amos Brewer, Andrew Post, Obadiah French Francis French, Jonathan 
Artherton, Jonathan Drew Jonas Mansfield, Robert Wilimore, Jasper 
Bradley, Joseph French, Reuben Ward, Samuel Peirce, James Randel, 
William Brown, Thomas Brewer, Aaron Adams, Abraham Pennock, 
Brewington Brown, Orange Walsey, Patrick Obrien, Neal McNeal, John 
Sturges Simeon Smith, Simeon Averil, Anthony Brownson, Nathan 



102 CHARTER RECORDS 

White, Silas Blasdel, Heman Pangburn, Truman Blackman, Solomon 
Whiston, Numan Buel, Ephraim Doolittle, Parker Whitmash, Alfred 
Lee, Jonathan Whitney, Amaziah Brownal, Jacob Austin, Barnabas 
Chace, Valentine Wildman, James Tanner, Isaac Randal & Noah Belden, 
which together with five equal rights or Shares to be reserved for Public & 
Pious uses in manner following to wit: one Right for the use of a Seminary 
or College within this State one Right for the use & Benifit of the first 
settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township one Right for the use 
and support of the Ministry in said Township forever one Right for the 
use and support of County Grammer Schools throughout this State 
and one Right for the use and support of an English School or Schools in 
said Township forever which Tract of Land hereby given and granted 
as aforesaid is Described and bounded as follows Viz Beginning at the 
Northzcest Corner of Lutterlock and running North thirty six Degrees east 
six Miles to the North West Corner of Coventry then South fifty four De- 
grees east six Miles then South thirty six Degrees West six Miles to the 
North east Corner of Lutterlock thence North fifty four Degrees West six 
Miles in the North Line of Lutterlock to the Bounds began at Containing 
Twenty three thousand & forty acres and that the same be & is hereby 
Incorporated into a Township by the Name of Irasburgh and the In- 
habitants that Do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are Declared 
to be enfranchised and Entitled to all the priviledges & Immunities 
that the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State Do by Law ex- 
ercise and enjoy — 

To Have & To Hold the said granted premises As above expressed 
with all the Priviledges & Appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any 
wise Appertaining unto them & their Respective Heirs & Assigns for- 
ever — 

Upon the following Conditions and Reservations Viz that each 
proprietor in the Township of Irasburgh aforesaid his Heirs or Assigns 
shall plant & Cultivate five acres of Land & Build a House at Least 
eighteen feet Square on the floor or have one Family settled on each 
Respective Right or Share of Land in said Township within four years 
from the time of Establishing the out Lines of said Township agreeable 
to Law on Penalty of the Forfeiture of each Respective Right or Share 
of Land not so settled and Improved as aforesaid and the same revert 
to the Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives Regranted 
to such persons as shall appear to settle & Cultivate the same 

In Testimony whereof we have Caused the Seal of this State to be 
hereunto affixed in Council this Twenty third Day of February Anno 
Domini 1781 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellencys Command 
Joseph Fay Secretary 

The foregoing is a True Copy of the Charter of Irasburgh Received 
for Record on the 18 Day of November A D 1795 & Recorded by me — 

Attest Truman Squier Secretary 



ISLE OF MOTT IO3 

THE CHARTER OF ISLE OF MOTT 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 



{,,} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know Ye that whereas, Major, Benjamin Wait and his associates, 
our worthy Friends, have by Petition requested a Grant of the Island in 
the Lake Champlain, within the boundaries of this State Known by the 
name of the Isle of Mott in order thereon to Settle a new plantation to 
be Erected into a Township, We have therefore thought fit the due en- 
couragement of their laudable designs, and for other valuable Considera- 
tions us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents in the name, and by 
the authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and Grant 
the s d , Island hereafter more fully discribed and bounded unto him the 
said Benjamin Wait, and to the several persons hereafter named his asso- 
ciates in equal shares viz c , Gideon Warren, Noah Chittenden, Ebenezer 
Woods, Thomas Tolman, Ithamer Hibbard, William Blanchard, Jacob 
Smith, Jacob Wood, Samuel Allen, Samuel Clark, Ebenezer Allen, Ethan 
Pier, Luther Filmore, Cyras Clark, Joseph Roe, Stephen Savoy, Jonas 
Galusha, Elijah Dewey, Jonathan Fassett, Moses Robinson, Ebenezer 
Wallis Ju r ., John Whiston, Levi Hill, Isaac Wallis, William Robinson, 
Joseph Griffin, Isaac Hull Wallis, Seth Wallis, James Hill, John 
Sawyer, Jesse Sawyer, Isaac Clark, John Fay, William Hutchins, Joseph 
Lawrence, Elisha Clark, 2 d ; Harmon Sawyer, Daniel Coy, John Ryan 
Blanchard, Benjamin Coy, Caleb Clark, Nathan Fassett, Jedediah 
Bingham, Ephraim Wood, John Payne, Ju r , Ebenezer Wood Ju r , Thomas 
Barney, Daniel Ormby, Nathan Clark Ju r ., William Hooker, Robert 
Blair, Stephen Davis, Alexander Brush, Jacob Safford, Elisha Ashley, 
'William Ashley, Solomon Allen, Elisha Clark, John Owen, Daniel Her- 
rick, Gideon Adams, Jesse Field, Francis Herrick, William Sattarlee, 
Benajah Leonard, Ebenezer Hyde, Samuel Herrick, Stephen Fay, 
Stephen Mead, Joseph Fay, Samuel Allen Ju r , Thomas Chittenden, 
Timothy Brownson, Ira Allen, Samuel Robinson, Joseph Bullen, James 
Murdock, Solomon Safford, James Hawley, John Lee, Jesse Averil, 
Joseph Andrews, Abner Blanchard, Elnathan Higby, Thomas Butter- 
field, Azariah Rood Ju r , Joseph Agard, David Lacey, Samuel Barret, 
John Burgett Ju r , Abraham Stevens, Chads Chapen Ju f , Thomas 
Brainard, Ashbael Patterson, & Captain Abel Demmick, Which To- 
gether with the following Rights, or equal Shares reserved to the several 
uses in manner following, Include the whole of said Island viz 1 one 
Right, or share, for the first settled minister of the Gospel, one Right or 
share for the support of the social Worship of God, and one Right, or 
share, for the support of an English School, or Schools, the whole of said 
three Public Rights to be Located by the Proprietors of said Island, 



104 CHARTER RECORDS 

justly & equitably, Or quantity for quality, in such Parts of said Island, 
as they, or their Committee shall judge will least incommode the General 
Settlement thereof when the same shall be fully settled, and Improved, 
which said three Rights, when Located as aforesaid, shall Together with 
their improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits dues, & Interests remain un- 
alienably appropriated to the uses and purposes for which they are 
respectively assigned, and under the charge, direction, and disposal of 
the Inhabitents of said Island or Township forever, which Island, hereby 
given and granted as aforesaid, is discribed and bounded as follows, viz 1 
Beginning at the south End of an Island commonly Called the Is[l\e of Mott, 
situate in Lake Champlain, near the western entrence of Mesisque Bay, 
westerly from Dutchrnans Point contiguous t$ southerly from the point of 
Land between Mesisque Bay & the channel of the main Lake; then extending 
northerly at low Water Mark, both on the Easterly 1$ zcesterly, shores of said 
Island, to the most Northerly Parts thereof, so that such lines will unite 
in each other. And, that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a 
Township by the name of Isle of Mott , and the Inhabitents that do 
or shall hereafter inhabit said Island or Township by virtue of this Grant, 
are declared to be infranchised, & Intitled to all the Priviledges & Im- 
munities that the Inhabitents of other Towns or incorporated Planta- 
tions within this State, do & ought by the Laws & Constitution of this 
State to exercise & Enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold, the said granted Premises, as above ex- 
pressed, with all the Priviledges & appurtenances, thereunto belonging 
and appertaining, unto them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever, 
upon the following Conditions & Reservations viz 1 That Each Prop- 
rietor in the Township of Isle of Mott, aforesaid his heirs or assigns, 
shall plant and cultivate two acres of Land, or have one Family settled 
on each respective Right within the Term of Two years next after the 
Conclusion of the Present War, between America, & Great Britain, 
on Penalty of the Forfieture of Each respective Right, or share of Land 
in said Island or Township not so improved or settled, and the same to 
revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their representatives re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to Settle and cultivate the same. 
That all Pine Timber suitable for the Mast & Spars of a Navy, be re- 
served for the use & benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testi- 
mony, Whereof We have caused the seal of this State to be affixed in 
Council this 27 day of oct r 1779. & in the 3 d year of the Independence 
of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 8 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



JACKSON S GORE IO5 

THE CHARTER OF JACKSON'S GORE 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas Abraham Jackson Esq r and his associates 
our worthy friends have by petition requested a grant of a tract of un- 
appropriated Lands within this State in order for settling a new planta- 
tion 

We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their 
laudable designs & for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, 
And do by these Presents in the name and by the authority of the free- 
men of the State of Vermont, give and grant the tract of Land hereafter 
described unto him the said Abraham Jackson and to the several persons 
hereafter named his associates in equal shares Viz 1 Jethro Jackson, 
Amos Ives, Jedidiah Jackson, Abraham Ives, Stephen Clark, Edward 
Bumpus, William Jackson, James Bumpus, Daniel Bradley, Elihu 
Allen, William Smiley, Joseph Jackson, Eliakim Richmond, Ichabod 
Goodyer Clark, Reuben Ives, Samuel Benton, Timothy Clark, Mathew 
Lyon, Asahel Jackson, Jonathan Brooks, Jotham Ives, Benjamin 
Bradley, Ephraim Andrus, Ezekiel Mighels, Joseph Benson, Hezekiah 
Rhodes, Jonah Ives, Abraham Jackson Ju r and David June Viz 1 a 
certain tract of Land bounded on the East side of Wallingford North on 
Shrewsbury East on Ludlow Extending Southwardly in the Gore between 
the Towns granted by New Hampshire so far that a line extended East five 
degrees south across the said Gore will contain nine Thousand Seven 
hundred Acres of Land and no more which said tract of Land above described 
is hereby annexed to and incorporated with the Township of Wallingford 
aforesaid and the Owners and Proprietors thereof and inhabitants therein 
shall have and enjoy all privileges and immunities which the inhabitants 
of the said Township of Wallingford do hold, exercise, & enjoy and are 
& hereby are declared to be infranchised with the inhabitants of said 
Town of Wallingford in as full & ample a manner and as fully and 
absolutely & to all intents and purposes as though they had been ori- 
ginally a part and parcel of said Township. 

To have and to hold the said granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges and appurtenances thereto belonging unto them 
and their respective heirs & assigns forever on the following conditions 
Viz 1 That each Proprietor in the said Tract his heirs or assigns, shall 
plant five Acres of Land and build an house at the least eighteen feet 
square on the floor, or have one family settled on each respective right 
within the term of three Years next after the circumstances of the 
present war will admit of a settlement with safety, On penalty of the 
forfeiture of each respective right or share in said tract not so improved, 
and settled, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be 



I06 CHARTER RECORDS 

by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to 
settle and cultivate the same, And that all pine Timber suitable for a 
Navy be reserved for the use of the freemen of this State, In Testi- 
mony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed this 
23 d day of February AD 1781 and in the fifth Year of the independence 
of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellencys command 
Joseph Fay Sec y 



THE CHARTER OF JAMAICA 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of 
Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas it has been represented to us by our worthy 
friends, Col° Samuel Fletcher of Townshend county of Windham & in 
this state & company to the number of sixty seven — that there is a tract 
of vacant Land within this State which has not heretofore been granted, 
which they pray may be granted to them, We have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of settling a new plantation within this State 
& other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these 
presents in the name & by the authority of the Freemen of Vermont give 
& grant unto the said Samuel Fletcher & the several persons hereafter 
named his associates viz 1 his Excellency Thomas Chittenden Esq r 
William Ward, Col° Moses Robinson, Mathew Lyon, John Butler, 
Caleb Hayward, Stephen Rawson, Reuben Hamlington, Silas Hunting- 
ton, Marshal Miller, Ebenezer Hewen, Nathaniel Hewen, Stephen Wil- 
cox, Joseph Hildrich, Calvin Hayward, John Wright, Benjamin Hay- 
ward, Moses Johnson, Silas Hayward, Aaron Alexander, Jesse Knight, 
Joseph Tyler, Amariah Taft, Aaron Hutson, Charles Hutson, William 
Hayward, Peter Hazelton, John Fassett Esq r William Church, Jonathan 
Knight, Samuel Knight, Daniel Gates, Aaron Holton, Joel Knight, Isaac 
Miller, Tillisson Miller, Paul Spooner Esq r , John Sergeant, Ethan 
Hayward, Moses Doty, Reuben Nard, Philip Jordom, Comfort Joy, 
Jesse Joy, Philip Alexander, Levi Hayward, Benjamin How, Isaac Hart, 



JAMAICA I07 

Hazael Shephard, Rufus Shephard, Eleazar Harris, Nathan Hayward, 
Moses Holbrook, Frederich Taft, Michael Johnson, Archebus Blodget, 
Joshua Morse, Calvin Knoulton, Seth Knight, Jonas Cook, Samuel 
Wakefield, Paul Hayward, Ira Allen, Esq r Jabez Butler, & John Jones 
Together with five equal shares or rights to be appropriated to the follow- 
ing public uses viz. One share or right for the use of a Seminary or College 
within this State, One share or right for the use of the county grammar 
Schools throughout this State, On[e] share or right for the first settled 
Minister of the Gospel in said Township to be disposed of for that pur- 
pose as the inhabitants thereof shall direct, One share or right for the 
support of the ministry, One share or right for the benefit & support 
of a school or schools within said Township, The following Tract or 
parcel of Land Beginning at the northeast corner of Wardsborough, then 
north Twenty degrees East in the westerly line of Tozvnshend iff continuing 
the same course about five miles to the southerly line of Londondery, then 
North sixty three degrees west in the southerly line of Londonderry iff con- 
tinuing the same course about six Miles iff one quarter to the easterly line 
of Winhall Then south ten degrees west in the Lines of Winhall iff Stratton 
about seven Miles to the northzvest corner of fFardsborough, then south 
eighty degrees East about six miles in the line of fFardsborough to the 
bounds began at. 

And that the same be & is hereby incorporated into a Township by 
the name of Jamaica and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter in- 
habit said Township are declared to be enfranchised & entitled to all the 
privileges & immunities that other Towns within this state do by Law 
exercise and enjoy; To have & to hold the said granted Premises as 
above expressed with all the Privileges and appurtenances thereunto 
belonging to them & their respective Heirs and assigns forever, under 
the following conditions & reservations viz That each Proprietor of said 
Township of Jamaica, his Heirs & assigns shall plant & cultivate five 
acres of Land & build a house at least eighteen feet square on the floor 
or have one family settled on each respective share or right of Land in 
said Township within the Term of four years next after the circum- 
stances of the war will admit of it with safety on the pain of the for- 
feiture of his respective share or right of Land in said Township & the 
same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their representatives 
Regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same, 
That all pine Timber suitable for a Navy shall be reserved to & for the 
use & benefit of the freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof we 
have caused the seal of this state to be affixed hereunto the seventh Day 
of November AD 1780 in the fourth year of the independence of this 
State & fifth of the united States . 

NB. The words in the name & by the authority of the Freemen of 
Vermont, were interlined, and the names Samuel, Haven, Jesse Knight, 
Arad, Joel, Eleaser, & Seth Knight were altered & wrote on an Erazure 
before compleating this Charter, The words, Fletcher of Townshend, 



108 CHARTER RECORDS 

Samuel Fletcher & William Ward, was wrote on Erazure. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

The above interliniations were en- 
tered, as this record is taken from 
the Charter Issued. 

Jos. Fay Sec 7 . 




[CHARTER OF NORTH JAY] 

The People of the State of Vermont by the Grace of 
God Free and Independent 

To all to whom these presents shall come — Greeting: 

Know Ye that we have given, granted and confirmed and by these 
presents do give Grant and confirm unto the Honorable John Jay of 
the city of New York Esq mre and to John Cozine of the same place 
Esquire as Tenants in Common and not as Joint Tenants. All that 
certain Tract or parcel of land Situate lying and being in the County of 
Chittenden in the State of Vermont. Beginning at the North Easterly 
Corner of a Tract heretofore called Carthage being a Stake and Stones 
standing in the North line of the said State fifteen links North from a Beech 
Tree marked Carthage 1789 and running thence North Eighty Tzvo Degrees 
and Twenty Minutes West Six Miles in the North line of the State to a 
Beech Tree Marked Richford Carthage October 17 th 1789 — Thence South 
four Miles in the East line of Richford to a pine or fir Tree on the West side 
of a small Mountain Marked M. 4. 1789 then South Eighty Two Degrees 
and Twenty Minutes East Six Miles to a Stake Sixteen links North West 
from a Spruce Tree Marked M 2. 1789 then North in the East line of the said 
Tract to the place of beginning Containing Fifteen thousand three Hundred 
and Sixty Acres Statute Measure being Sixteen Thousand of land straight 
measure be the same more or less — in the following proportions, to wit — 
fourteen full equal and undivided Sixteenth parts (the whole into sixteen 
equal parts to be divided) unto the said John Jay and the residue and 
remaining two full and Equal undivided Sixteenth parts (the whole into 
sixteen equal parts to be divided) unto the said John Cozine. Together 
with all and Singular the Rights Hereditaments and appurtenances to 
the same belonging or in any wise appertaining Excepting and reserving 
to ourselves All Gold and Silver Mines And also All that Certain piece of 



JAY IO9 

land parcel of the Tract herein before described Beginning at the North 
West corner of a Tract of land Granted His Excellency Thomas Chittenden 
in the East line of Richford thence along the North bounds of the Tract so 
granted to Thomas Chittenden South Eighty Two degrees and Twenty 
Minutes East Three Hundred and ten Rods — thence North Three Hundred 
and Ten Rods thence North Eighty Two degrees and Twenty Minutes West 
Three hundred and ten rods to Richford aforesaid — Thence South in the 
East line of — Richford Three hundred and Ten Rods to the place of be- 
ginning for Public Uses To have and to hold the said fourteen full and Equal 
undivided Sixteenth parts (the whole in sixteen equal parts to be divided) 
of the said above mentioned and described Tract of land and premises 
unto the said John Jay his Heirs and Assigns forever as a Good and in- 
defeasible Estate of Inheritance in fee Simple And To have & To Hold 
the residue and remaining two full and equal and undivided Sixteenth 
parts (the whole into sixteen Equal parts to be divided) of the above- 
mentioned and described Tract of land and premises unto the said John 
Cozine his Heirs and Assigns forever as a Good and indefeasible Estate 
of Inheritance in fee Simple On Condition Nevertheless that within the 
Term of seven Years to be Computed from the first day of January next 
ensuing the date hereof there shall be one actual Settlement made for 
every Six hundred and forty Acres of the said Tract of land hereby 
Granted otherwise these Our letters Patent and the Estate hereby 
Granted shall cease, determine and become void And we do by these 
presents Constitute, Erect and create the Tract of land hereby Granted 
and Chartered Together with another Tract of seven Thousand Acres 
to the south of and adjoining thereto granted to the before mentioned 
Thomas Chittenden and bounded Westerly on Richford Southerly on 
Westfield and Eastwardly partly on land Granted to Samuel Avery 
and others a Township to be forever hereafter distinguished known and 
called Jay with All and Singular the powers priviledges — Franchises and 
Immunities Granted to other incorporated Townships within this State 
of Vermont. — In Testimony whereof we have caused these Our Letters 
to be made Patent and the great Seal of our said State to be hereunto 
affixed — Witness our Trusty and well beloved Thomas Chittenden 
Esquire Governor of our said State General and Commander in Chief of 
all the Militia of the same at Williston this Twenty-Eighth day of De- 
cember in the Year of Our Lord 1792 and in the sixteenth Year of our 
Independance. 

Thos. Chittenden 
By his Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y 
passed the Secretary's Office 
the 28 th day of December 1792 

It being represented that the land within reserved for public Uses and 
which contains six Hundred Acres is of quality inferior to the average- 
quality of the rest of the Tract, We do hereby Authorize and request 



IIO CHARTER RECORDS 

James Whitlaw Esqr. Surveyor General of Vermont to survey and add 
to the said land so many of the adjacent, Acres, as in his judgment will 
make up that deficiency And We do for ourselves and our Heirs declare 
that the number of Acres so by him to be added shall always be held 
for public uses Accordingly, and in common with the said six hundred 
acres to which they shall be added — In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands the Eighteenth day of January in the Year of Our 
Lord one Thousand Seven hundred and ninthy three 
Witness Joseph Fay John Jay 

John Kelly J r Jn° Cozine 

State of Vermont Bennington County ss December 28 th — 1792 Received 
the within Charter, and recorded the same in the first book of Charters 
for lands Granted in the State of Vermont. 

Attest — Joseph Fay Secretary — 
Recorded November 7 th 1806 

Att Th Leverett Sec y - 



[CHARTER OF SOUTH JAY] 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all people to whom these presents shall come. Greeting: 

Know Ye that whereas His Excellency Thomas Chittenden Es- 
quire our worthy Friend has by Petition requested a grant of Unap- 
propriated Lands within this State for the Purpose of Settlement we 
have therefore thought fit for the Due encouragement of his Laudable 
Design and for other Causes and Valuable Considerations us hereunto 
moving Do by these presents in the Name and by the Authority of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont hereby Give & Grant unto the said 
Thomas Chittenden Esquire & to his Heirs and Assigns forever all that 
Certain Tract or Parcel of Land situate in the County of Chittenden in 
the State aforesaid Described and bounded as follows Viz Beginning at 
a Stake and Stones being the South West Corner of Carthage thence South 
eighty Two Degrees and Twenty Minutes East six Miles in the North Line 
of Westfield to a Birch Tree Standing in the Northeast Corner thereof 
marked Carthage Westfield 1789 thence North Two miles to a Stake 16 
Links Northwest from a Spruce Tree Marked 2. 1789 thence North eighty 
Two Degrees \3 20 Minutes west six Miles to a Fir Tree standing on the 
west side of a Mountain Marked M 4: 1789 thence South to the first Bounds 
Containing seven thousand and six hundred acres of Land reserving out 
of the said Tract of Land five hundred and Ninety acres to be appro- 



JOHNSON III 

priated for Public uses in manner and Form as is usual and Customary 
in other Townships granted by this State and to be Divided and Laid 
out in Like manner in Quantity & Quality and be Disposed of for Public 
and pious uses agreably to the usual Custom aforesaid and which 
Tract of Land is to be Comprehended within the Township of [Jay- 
erased] & forever hereafter to be Called & known by the Name of Jay 
and the Inhabitants that now Do or shall hereafter inhabit said Town- 
ship Tract within the Township of Jay aforesaid are Declared to be in- 
franchised and Intitled to all the privilidges and Immunities that the 
Inhabitants of other Towns within State Do & ought by the Laws and 
Constitution thereof to exercise and enjoy — 

To have and to Hold the said granted premises as above expressed with 
all the privilidges and appurtenances unto him the said Thomas Chitten- 
den Esquire and to His Heirs and Assigns forever upon the following 
Conditions and Reservations Viz that the said Thomas Chittenden 
Esquire his Heirs or Assigns shall plant & Cultivate five Acres of Land 
and build a House at Least Eighteen feet square Upon the floor or have 
one family settled on each respective Right or Share or on each three 
hundred and sixty acres within the time Limited by a Law of this State 
made and provided for that purpose on Penalty of the forfieture thereof 
according to the usual Custom in grants made by this State aforesaid 
and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their 
Representatives regranted to such persons as shall Appear to settle and 
Cultivate the same and that all Pine Timber be reserved for the use of a 
Navy for the Benifitt of the Freemen of this State — 
In Testimony whereof we have Caused the Seal of this State to be 
hereunto Affixed, in Council, at Rutland, this 7 Day of November 
Anno Domini 1792. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Secretary 



THE CHARTER OF JOHNSON 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these presents shall [come] Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas the Rev d Jonathan Edwards, the Honorable 
William Samuel Johnson Esquire & Charles Chauncey Esquire and 
their Associates our worthy friends have by petition requested a Grant 



112 CHARTER RECORDS 

of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State for the purpose 
of settling a New plantation to be erected into a Township, We have 
therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs 
& for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving. And Do by these 
presents in the Name & by the authority of the State of Vermont, hereby 
give & grant the Tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto the 
said Jonathan Edwards William Samuel Johnson, Charles Chauncey & 
the several persons hereafter named their Associates Viz 1 , John Mix, 
Nathaniel Fitch, John Austin, Hezekiah Sabin, Timothy Jones, Abel 
Burrett, Daniel Crocker, Pierpont Edwards, Frances Edwards, John 
Lathrop, Michael Tood, Abigail Chauncey, Ebenezer Fitch, Josiah 
Meggs, Elizur Goodrich, William Johnson, Mark Leavensworth, Jona- 
than Ingersoll, James Hilhouse, Samuel Bishop, Mahitable Bishop,. 
Nathan Duramer, Daniel Bishop, Daniel Bassett, Ephraim Hummer- 
ston, Abraham Bishop, Amos Perkins, Amos Perkins Jun r Thomas 
Wilmott, Daniel Wilmott, Simeon Hatheway Jun r William Chace, the 
Rev d Samuel Wales, Elias Shipman, Shadrach Hatheway, Levi Hathe- 
way, Abraham Hatheway, Alphred Hatheway, Erastus Hatheway, 
Joshua Hatheway, Silas Hatheway, Anna Hatheway, Timothy Edwards, 
John Strong, John Pierpont, Elias Beers, Isaac Beers, Jeremiah Atwater, 
Stephen Pearl, Israel Bishop, Nathan Hale, Salome Hale, Elizur 
Wright, Noah Smith, Israel Smith, Daniel Smith, Cloe Smith, Charles 
B, Smith, Harry Smith, Albert Smith Eunice Smith & Charles Burrill, 
which Together with five equal Rights or Shares Reserved for public 
uses as follows, includes the whole of said Township viz 1 one Right or 
equal share to be for the use of a Seminary or College within this State, 
One Right or Share, for the use of county grammar Schools throughout 
this State, One Right for the first settled Minister of the Gospel within 
said Township, One Right for the support of the Ministry in said Town- 
ship, to be disposed of for that purpose as the inhabitants thereof shall 
direct, and, One Right for the support of an English School or Schools, 
within s d Township, Which tract of Land hereby Given & granted as 
afores d is bounded and described as follows viz 1 , Beginning at a Stake 
1$ Stones North 36 D° East, six Miles iff a half from the Northwest corner 
of Mansfield, Then North 36 D° East six Miles, Then East 36 D° South, 
Six Miles to Hydes park, Then South 36 D° West, Six Miles, Then West 
Thirty six degrees North, Six Miles to the bounds began at — And that the 
same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township, by the Name of 
Johnson, and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit s d 
Township are declared to be infranchised & entitled to all the privileges 
& immunities that the inhabitants of other Towns within this State do 
by Law exercise & enjoy, — To have & to hold the said granted premises 
as above described with all the privileges & appurtenences thereto 
belonging & appertaining unto them the afores d Grantees & to their 
Heirs & assigns forever upon the following conditions & reservations 
viz 1 , That each Proprietor of the Township of Johnson his Heirs or as- 
signs shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land & build an house at least 



Johnson's gore 113 

Eighteen feet square upon the floor, or have one family settled on Each 
respective Right or share agreeably to the Law of this State made for 
that purpose on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective Right or 
share of Land not settled & cultivated as afores d & the same to revert to 
the freemen of this State to be by their representatives regranted to such 
persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same. That all pine 
timber suitable for a Navy be reseved for the use & benefit of the free- 
men of this State, In Testimony whereof, we have caused the Seal of 
this State to be hereunto affixed in council this 2 d day of January in the 
Year of our Lord 1 792, in the 15 th Year of our Independence — 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF JOHNSON'S GORE 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont — 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas our worthy friends Lieu 1 . Moses Johnson 
& company to the Number of thirty three have by petition requested a 
Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land within this State for the pur- 
pose of making a new Settlement; We have therefore thought fit. for the 
due encouragement of their i?udable designs, & for other valuable causes 
& considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these presents in the 
name & by the authority cf the freemen of the State of Vermont, hereby 
give & grant the tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto the 
said Moses Johnson & the following persons hereafter named his Asso- 
ciates Viz 1 , Riverius Hooker, John Hooker, Ebenezer Bibins, Noah 
Fisher, Amos Hale, John Kathan, James Hale, Sylvanus Fisk, Paul 
Knap, Josiah Goodhu Jun r John Moor, Cyrus Houghton, Dennis Lock- 
lin, Ebenezer Houghton, Moses Bartlet, Samuel Wires, Abel Burt, Moses 
Burt, Nathan Fairbanks, Stephen Fisk, Silas Howard, John Wood, 
Samuel W T izzard, Oliver Cumings, Jeremiah Tinkham, Filemon Holden, 
Elkanah Day, Willard Moore, Asahel Hooker, Amos Hale 2, Israel S. 
Hooker, & Garden Kathan, Which tract of Land hereby given & granted 
as afores d , is described & bounded as follows Viz\ Beginning on Town- 
send North Line running north 13 D° East two miles & ten chains West, 
three Miles & 33 chains, south 10 D° West 33 Chains North 63 D° West 



114 CHARTER RECORDS 

68 Chains, South 20 D° West one Mile £sf ten chains, South 80 D°East four 
miles Zy 21 chains on Tozvnsend North line containing five thousand & 
forty five Acres, And that the inhabitants possessing the afores d Tract of 
Land shall be entitled to corporate privileges as the inhabitants of any 
other Gore of equal extent within this State & that it be called & known 
by the Name of Johnsons Gore — To Have & To Hold the said granted 
premises as above expressed with all the privileges & appurtenences 
thereunto belonging unto them & their respective heirs & assigns for- 
ever, on Condition, that each proprietor of said Tract of Land shaL 
do the settling duties on each respective right or share, the same as is 
required to be done in the respective Towns within this State, & to be 
under the like penalties & forfeitures in case of Neglect; In Testimony 
whereof We have caused the seal of this State to be affixed in Council 
this 23 d day of February 1782 in the 6 th year of our independence. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



[KELLY'S GRANTS] 

The Charter of Six Thousand Acres of land granted to John Kelly Esq. 

The Freemen of the State of Vermont by the Grace of 
God Free & Independent 

To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, that we have given granted & confirmed & by these 
presents do give, grant, & confirm unto John Kelly Esquire of the City 
of New York, all that certain Tract of Land situate lying & being in the 
County of Chittenden in the State of Vermont, Beginning at the south- 
east corner of the Tozvnship of Westfield, being a Stake seventeen links 
South 27 D° East from a beech Tree marked Westfield corner July 22 d 1789 
X$ running North 5 D° East, Twenty Eight Chains in the East line of said 
Westfield to a little beech Tree marked Octo T 24 th 1789, Thence South 82 D° 
iff 20 Minutes East three Miles and 47 chains to a little white ash Tree 
standing in the westerly line of Irasburgh marked October 24 th 1789, Then 
south 36 D° West, Nine Miles & Eight chains in the westerly line of Iras- 
burgh and Lutterloh, to the Northeasterly corner of Eden being the -place of 
Beginning of Tract N° 1, called The Township of Kellyvale/^ thence along 
the easterly bounds thereof North seven Degrees if? JO Minutes East to the 
northeasterly corner of the last mentioned Tract or Township of Kelly vale, 



KELLY S GRANTS II5 

which is in the southerly Bounds of Wesifield, Thence along the South 
bounds of the said Westfield, south 82 D° & 20 Minutes East Twenty 
Eight chains to the place of Beginning, containing six Thousand Acres of 
Land, Together with all & singular the rights, Hereditaments and ap- 
purtenences to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining, excepting 
& reserving to ourselves all gold &: silver Mines with such allowance for 
public Roads as is usual & customary in other Towns granted by this 
State, — To have & to hold the above described & granted premises 
unto the said John Kelly his heirs & assigns as a good indefeasible Estate 
of inheritance forever on condition Neverthless that within the 
Term prescribed by law, or the usual & customary time on Grants made 
by this State, actual settlements shall be commenced & actually made 
on the said Tract of Land, granted as aforesaid on the like pain & penalty 
as is particularly expressed in other grants & charters made by this 
State, In Testimony whereof we have caused these our Letters to be 
made patent & the great seal of our said State to be hereunto affixed, 
Witness our Trusty & welbeloved Thomas Chittenden Esquire, Gov- 
ernor, of our said State, General & commander in chief of all the Militia 
of the same, at Bennington this sixth day of June 1791, & of the inde- 
pendence of the united States the fifteenth — Passed the secretary 3 
Office the sixth day of June AD 1791 — 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command, 
Joseph Fay Sec y 



The Charter of 2,000 Acres of land granted to John Kelly Esq r . 

The People of the State of Vermont, by the Grace of 
God Free & Independent — 

To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye, that we, have given, granted, & confirmed, & by these 
presents do give, grant, & confirm unto John Kelly Esq r of the City of 
New York, all that certain Tract or parcel of Land, situate, lying & 
being in the County of Chittenden in the State of Vermont, Beginning, 
at the northwesterly corner of the Township of Johnson, Thence South 36 
D° West, three Miles is? 32 Chains in the westerly line of said Johnson to 
the northeasterly corner of Cambridge, being a Stake iff Stones standing on 
the Top of a beach iff Maple Hill — Thence North 7 D°. & 30 Minutes East, 
in the easterly line of a Grant made to Whitlaw iy company called Williams- 
burgh, about three miles to the Southzvesterly corner of Tract N°3, being a 
part of Kelly 3 Grant, Thence along the southerly line thereof, South 34 D° 
East, 147 chains & 13 links, so as to meet with c5 intersect the place of Be- 
ginning, containing tzvo thousand Acres of Land, Together with all & 
singular the rights, hereditaments, & appurtenences, to the same be- 



Il6 - CHARTER RECORDS 

longing or in any wise appertaining, Excepting & reserving to ourselves 
all Gold & silver Alines — To have & to hold the above described & 
granted premises, unto the said John Kelly, his heirs and assigns, as a 
good indefeasible Estate of inheritance forever, On condition nevertheless 
that within the Term of seven Years to be computed from the first day of 
January next ensuing the date hereof, there shall be one actual settle- 
ment made for every six hundred & forty Acres on the said Tract of 
Land hereby granted, or within the time limitted by law, otherwise 
these our letters patent & the Estate hereby granted shall cease deter- 
mine & become void, In Testimony whereof we have cause these our 
Letters to be made patent & the great Seal of our said State, to be here 
unto affixed Witness our Trusty & welbeloved Thomas Chittenden Es- 
quire, Governor of our said State, General & commander in chief of all 
the Militia of the same at Bennington this eighth day of June in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & Ninety one & in the 
15 th Year of our independence — Passed the Secretary 3 Office the 8 th day 
of June 1791 — 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



Charter of 12,000 Acres to John Kelly 

The People of the State of Vermont by the Grace of God 
Free and Independent: 

To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting — 

Know Ye, that we have given, granted and confirmed, and by 
these presents do give, grant and confirm unto John Kelly Esquire 
of the City of New York all that certain tract or parcel of land situate, 
lying and being in the county of Chittenden in the state of Vermont, 
beginning at a beach sapling marked by James Whitelaw Esq T surveyor 
general of this state October 24 th 1/Scj, standing in the eastzvardly line of 
Westfield, twenty eight chains on a course north five degrees easterly from 
the south east corner thereof at a corner of a tract of land chartered to the said 
John Kelly in the year i/Ql, thence running north five degrees east five miles 
and fifty two chains in the easterly line of said Westfield to the northeasterly 
corner thereof, thence north one hundred and twenty chains in the easterly 
line of Carthage, thence south eighty two degrees and twenty minutes east 
to the westerly line of Duncansburgh, thence south twenty degrees west in the 
westerly line of said Duncansburgh and part of Coventry to a Ceder tree 
marked by said Whitelaw Oct T 24 th ijSg. being the southwest corner of said 
part of Coventry — thence north eighty two [de]grees and twenty minutes west 
one mile and fifty one chains to the place of beginning, containing twelve 
thousand acres, together with all and singular the rights hereditaments 



KELLEYS GRANTS — KELLYVALE l\J 

and appurtenances to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining 
excepting and reserving to ourselves all gold and silver mines — 

to have and to hold the above described and granted premises 
unto the said John Kelly and to his heirs and assigns as a good and inde- 
feasible estate of inheritance forever, on condition nevertheless, that 
within the term of seven years to be computed from the first day of 
January next ensuing the date hereof there shall be one actual settle- 
ment made for every six hundred 5c forty acres of the said tract of land 
hereby granted otherwise these letters patent and the estate hereby 
granted shall cease, determine and become void — In testimony whereof 
we have caused these our letters to be made patent and the great seal 
of our said state to be hereunto affixed — Witness our trusty and well 
beloved Thomas Chittenden Esq r governor of our said state general and 
commander in chief of all the militia of the same at Rutland this 30 day 
of October in the year of our Lord 1792. and in the 16 year of our Inde- 
pendence 

Passed the secretarys office Oct r . 30 th 1792 
By His Excellencys Command — 
Joseph Fay Sec'y Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF KELLYVALE. 

The Freemen of the State of Vermont by the grace of 
God free & independent. 

To all -people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye, that we have given, granted & confirmed & by these 
presents do give, grant & confirm unto John Kelly Esq r of the City of 
New York, all that certain Tract or parcel of Land, situate, lying & 
being in the County of Chittenden & State of Vermont, Beginning 
at the Northeasterly corner of the Township of Eden, Thence North 54 D° 
West, Ten Miles Z£ 30 Chains, Then North 36 D° East three Miles & 30 
Chains to the South line of Montgomery, Thence South 82 D° £i? 20 Minutes 
East, in the south lines of Montgomery & IV est field Townships until it 
comes within 28 Chains of the South east corner of Westfield aforesaid, 
Thence South 7 D° 30 Minutes West to the place of Beginning, which is the 
Northeasterly corner of Eden, containing thirty one thousand acres of Land. 
Together with all and singular the rights hereditaments, & appurtenances 
to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining, excepting & reserving 
to our selves all gold & silver Mines, with such public rights or Shares of 
Land within said Tract for the use of a College, Minister & Schools to be 



Il8 CHARTER RECORDS 

appropriated as usual & customary & in such proportion as is in other 
Townships granted by this State, the same to be located together £5? to 
begin in the north line of Eden, 65 Chains measured on a course South 54 
D° East from the Northeast corner of said Eden, Thence along the said 
north line of Eden iff a continuation thereof being North 54 D° West so 
far as that by drawing a northerly line, an Easterly line & southerly line 
parallel to each other will intersect the place of Beginning 13 containing the 
quantity so reserved for public uses as af ores'-- — To have & to hold the 
above described & granted premises unto the said John Kelly his heirs 
& assigns as a good indefeasible Estate of inheritance forever, On 
Condition nevertheless that within the term usual & customary on 
grants made by this State, actual settlements shall be made on the afore- 
said Tract, on like pains & penalties as particularly expressed in other 
Charters of incorporation of Grants made by this State as aforesaid — 
And we do by these presents, create, erect & constitute the Tract or 
parcel of Land herein before granted & every part & parcel thereof into 
a Township forever hereafter to be, continue, & remain by the Name 
of Kellyvale, And do hereby give & grant to the inhabitants that 
now do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, all powers, authorities, 
privileges, immunities & advantages heretofore given & granted to 
other incorporated Townships within this State — In Testimony whereof 
we have caused these our Letters to be made patent, & the great Seal 
of our said State to be hereunto affixed, Witness our Trusty & welbeloved 
Thomas Chittenden Esquire, Governor of our said State, General & 
commander in chief of all the Militia of the same — at Bennington this 
seventh day of June 1791, & of the independence of the United States the 
fifteenth — 
Passed the Secretary 9 Office the 7 th day of June 1791 — 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y 



THE CHARTER OF KINGSTON 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
-* — v Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



\ *■* J To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting : 

Know ye, That Whereas Mess urs Reuben King, Sheldon Graham, 
Doctor Jonathan King and M r Daniel King and their associates, our 
worthy friends have by petition requested a grant of a Tract of unap- 



KINGSTON 119 

propriated Lands within this State in order for settling a New Plantation 
to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought fit for the 
due encouragement of their Laudable design, and for other valuable 
considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents in the 
name and by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give 
and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and bounded unto them 
the said Reuben King, Sheldon Graham, Jonathan King, and Daniel 
King, and the Several persons hereafter named their associates viz, 
James Lusk, Robert Graham, James Mead, Joseph Farnsworth, Justus 
Mitchel, John Stanford, John Stanford Ju r ., John May, Ira Allen, Daniel 
Beaman, Ebenez r Wright, Amos Crosbee, Isaac Pomeroy, Philip Hurl- 
but, Jacob Sheldon, William Slade, Seth Banister, Elias Staples, John 
Cutler, Jesse Abbott, Solomon Banister, Thomas Wood, Thomas King, 
Moses King, Sylvanus Walker, Aaron Graves, Thomas Bliss, John 
Lord, John Thompson, Simeon Graves, John Hill, David Haynes, 
Jonathan Moore, Gideon King, James Shaw, Daniel Russell, John Mc- 
Elvvain, Isaac Roberts, William McDole, John Spear, Joseph Mc- 
Clintock, John McMaster Ju r ., William Spear, James McClintock, John 
Hurlburt Ju r ., Narcissus Graham, x4aron I. Boge, Benjamin Scott, Isaac 
King, John Hurlbut, Joseph Graham, Phinehas Sheldon, Reuben Per- 
sons, Benjamin Sheldon, Ezra Sheldon, Alexander Sheldon, Cephas 
Gillet, David Graham, John Graham, and Asaph Sheldon, which 
Together with the five following Rights, or equal Shares to be reserved 
to the several public uses in manner following include the whole of said 
Tract or Township viz 1 , one Right for the use of a Seminary or College, 
one Right for the use of County Grammer Schools in said State, Lands 
to the amount of one Right to be & remain for the purpose of settlement 
of a Minister & Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever, Lands 
to the amount of one Right for the Support of the Social Worship of God 
in said Township, and Lands to the amount of one Right for the use of an 
English School or Schools in said Township, which said Two Rights for 
the use of a Simenary or College and for the use of County Grammer 
Schools as aforesaid, and the improvements, rents, Interest & Profits 
arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, order, direction & dis- 
posal of the General Assembly of said State forever, & the Proprietors of 
said Township are hereby Authorised & empowered to locate said Two 
Rights, Justly & equitably or quantity for quality in such parts of said 
Township, as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode 
the General Settlement of said Tract or Township; And the said Prop- 
rietors are further empowered to locate the Lands aforesaid amounting 
to three Rights assigned, for the Settlement of a Minister & Ministers 
for their Support, and for the use and Support of an English School, or 
Schools, in such and in so many places as they or their Committee shall 
judge will least incommode the Inhabitants of said Township when the 
same shall be fully settled and improved, laying the Same Equitably 
or quantity for quality which said Lands amounting to three Rights last 
mentioned when located as aforesaid, shall Together with their improve- 



120 CHARTER RECORDS 

ments, Rights, Rents, profits, dues and Intrest remain unalianably ap- 
propriated to the uses & purposes for which they are respectively as- 
signed, &be under the charge direction & disposal of the Inhabitants of 
said Township forever; Which Tract of Land hereby given and granted 
as aforesaid is bounded & discribed as follows viz 1 . Beginning, at the 
Northwesterly corner of Brantree N° 5) then south 36 west in the line of 
Brantree about six miles and an half to an angle thereof, then extending that 
breadth back north 6i° west so far as that a line being extended north 36 
east across s d Breadth will encompass the Contents of six miles square. 
And that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by 
the name of Kingston, and the Inhabitants that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit S d Township are declared to be Infranchised 6c Intitled to all the 
Priviledges and Immunities, that the Inhabitants of other Towns within 
this State do and ought by the Law' and Constitution of this State to 
exercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the said Granted premises 
as above expressed with all the priviledges and appurtenences thereto 
belonging & appertaining in equal Shares unto them and their respective 
Heirs and assigns forever upon the foll[ow]ing conditions and reserva_ 
tions, viz 1 , That each Proprietor in the Township of Kingston afore_ 
said, His heirs or assigns shall plant and cultivate five acres of Land & 
build an House at least Eighteen feet square on the Floor, or have one 
Family settled on each respective Right within the Term of three years 
next after the Circumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement with 
Safety, on penalty of the Forfiture of each respective Right or share of 
Land in said Township not so improved or settled and the same to revert 
to the Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to 
such persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the same, That all 
pine Timber suitably for a Navy be reserved for the use and Benefit of 
the Freemen of this State. In Testimony, whereof we have caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this Second day of August 
in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and Eighty one 
(1781) in the 5 year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command. 
Thomas Tolman Dep y Sec y . 



[CHARTER OF KNIGHT'S GORE & ISLANDS] 

The People of the State of Vermont by the Grace of 
God Free & Independent 

To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that we have given Granted and Confirmed & by these 
presents Do give grant & Confirm unto Samuel Knights Esq r of Brattle- 



KNIGHT S GORE 121 

borough in the County of Windham and State aforesaid all these Certain 
Tracts or Parcels of Land Lying & being in the County of Chittenden in 
the State aforesaid and are Described & bounded as follows to wit one 
Tract Beginning at a Stake by a Little Beach marked Knoulton which is 
the N orihw ester most Corner of Bakersfield thence North 20 Degrees east in 
the east Line of Smith field 40 Chains & 40 Links to a Stake and Stones in a 
Southzv ester inly Angle of Enosburgh thence South 82 Degrees iff 20 Minutes 
east in the South Line of Enosburgh 486 Chains iff 75 Links to a Stakes iff 
Stones thence South 20 Degrees West 40 Chains iff 40 Links to a Stake iff 
Stones in the North Line of Avery s Gore thence North 82 Degrees and 20 
Minutes West 486 Chains and 75 Links to the Bounds began at Containing 
one thousand Nine hundred and forty seven Acres Also several Islands 
Lying in Onion River Described iff being five Islands Opposite the Town of 
Burlington Containing seventeen acres three Opposite the Town of Williston 
Containing three acres five Opposite the Town of Newhuntington Containing 
six iff half acres five Opposite the Town of Bolton Containing Six acres 
five Opposite the Town of Waterbury Containing six iff an half acres six 
Opposite the Town of Middlesex Containing fourteen acres being all of the 
Islands in said River below the Upper Line of Middlesex not heretofore 
granted Located or Legally Appropriated excepting one Island of about 
three acres just below the Lower falls now improved by Gen. Ira Allen Also 
one Island Containing about 200 Acres Opposite too iff in part improved by 
M T . Rodrick Messinger iff Known by the Name of Messinger 3 Island Also 
one Containing about three Acres Improved by Gov. Chittenden and Lying 
Opposite his Farm also 2 Islands Containing about 20 Acres Lying Opposite 
Gen. Jonathan Spaffords Farm and Improved by said Spaford also one 
Lying Opposite to iff Improved by M r . Crane in said Williston Containing 
about fifteen acres iff Containing in all the above Tracts iff Islands not above 
excluded the Contents of Two Thousand Acres of Land — 
To Have & To Hold the above Described & Granted Premises unto the 
said Samuel Knights & to his Heirs & assigns as a Good Indefeasible 
estate of Inheritance forever on Condition Nevertheless that within the 
Term of seven years to be computed from the first Day of November 
next ensuing the Date hereof there shall be one actual settlement made 
for every six hundred & forty acres of the said Tract of Land hereby 
granted otherwise these our Letters Pattent & the Estate hereby granted 
shall cease Determine & become Void In Testimony whereof we have 
Caused these our Letters to be made Patent and the great Seal of our 
said State to be hereunto Affixed Witness our Trusty & well beloved 
Thomas Chittenden Esquire Governor of our said State General & 
Commander in Cheif of all the Militia of the Same at Windsor this 27 
Day of October AD 1795 & Niniteenth year of our Independence — 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellencys Command 
Truman Squier Secretary 



122 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF LAND GROVE 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of 
. — - — v representatives of the Freemen of Vermont. 



\ j To all people to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. 

Know ye that whereas it has been represented to us by our worthy 
friends William Utley and Company to the Number of Twenty Two 
That there is a Gore or tract of vacant land within this State which has 
not heretofore been Granted, which they pray may be granted unto 
them, We have therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of 
settling a new plantation within this State, and other valuable con- 
siderations us hereunto moving; and do by these Presents, in the Name 
and by the Authority of the Freemen of Vermont give and Grant unto 
said William Utley, and the several persons hereafter named his asso- 
ciates viz 1 . His Excellency Thomas Chittenden Esq r Asa Utley, William 
Utley Ju r , Stephen Tuttle, Thomas Butterfield, Peter Pixley, William 
Drew, Abel Bristoll, Sarah Utley, Bridget Utley, Tabitha Utley, Cyn- 
thia Utley, Peter Hawley, Oliver Utley, Pebody Utley, Stephen Hine, 
Nathan Beman, John Roberts Ju r , Ralph Utley, Reuben Rockwood, 

and Truman Powel ; 

The following Gore or tract of Land Beginning at the southeast Corner of 
Brumly, Thence south eighty dg s east to the westerly line of Londondary, 
Then North 10 D° east to the northwest corner of said Londondary, Then 
Easterly in the northerly line of Londondary until Turning North 10 D° 
east will Strike the south west Corner of Andover, Then northerly in the 
Westerly line of Andover until turning North eighty degrees west, will Strike 
the Northeast Corner of said Brumly, Then south 10 D° west to the bounds 
began at. And that the same be and is hereby Incorporated into a 
Township by the Name of Landgrove, and the Inhabitents that do 
or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be infranchised, 
and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that other Towns 
within this State do by Law exercise and enjoy — 

To Have and to hold the said Granted Premises, with all the priviledges 
and appurtenences thereunto belonging to them and their respective 
Heirs and assigns forever upon the following Conditions and reservations 
viz 1 That each proprietor of said Township of Landgrove his heirs and 
assigns, shall plant and Cultivate five acres of Land, and build a house 
at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family settled on 
each respective share or right of Land in said Township within the term 
of three years next after the circumstances of the War will admit of it 
with Safety, on penalty of the Forfieture of his or her respective right 
or Share of Land in said Township, and the same to revert to the Free- 
men of this State, to be by their representatives regranted to such persons 

as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same That all Pine Timber 

Suitable for a Navy shall be reserved to and for the use & benifit of the 



LAN DG ROVE LINCOLN 1 23 

Freemen of this State — In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal 
of this State to be affixed hereunto the Ninth day of November 1780, 
in the fourth year of the Independence of this State, and the 5 th of the 
United States. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Josepy Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF LINCOLN 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
■ — , Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



{"•} 



To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 



Know ye, that whereas Colonel Benjamin Simonds, and his 
Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant 
of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for 
settling a new Plantation, to be erected into a Township; We have 
therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable 
Designs, and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, — 
And do, by these Presents, In the Name, and by the Authority of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land 
hereafter described and bounded, unto him the said Benjamin Simonds, 
and the several Persons hereafter named, his Associates, in equal Shares, 
viz 1 ; Ithamar Hibbard, Oliver Scott, John Manley, John Williams, 
Jonathan Eastman, Enoch Eastman, Calvin Eastman, Henry Hyde, 
Shadrach Hatheway, Jesse Spawlding, Ezra Fellows, Josiah Terrell, 
Jacob Hyde. David Lee, William Boardman, Noah Chittenden, Darius 
Chipman, John Stewart, Samuel Billings, John Cochran, James Mead, 
John Sibley, Abner Mead, Stephen Mead Jun r , Timothy Miles, Nathan 
Manley, Ebenezer Hyde, Stephen Eastman, Joseph Bowker, Jonathan 
Eastman Jun r , Reuben Hermon Jun r , William Gage, Oliver Strong, 
Thomas Chittenden, John Gray, Daniel Welch, Andrew Barton, Samuel 
Benton, William Slade, Levi Taylor, Abiathar Waldo, Solomon Lee, 
Noah Smith, Jonas Fay, Joseph Barber, Peter Pixley, Reuben Harmon, 
Stephen Pearl, Thomas Tolman, William Fitch, Elijah Fay, Samuel 
Comstock, John Knickerbacor, Elisha Clark, Doct r . John Johnson (of 
Williams town), Simeon Hatheway, Josiah 'S afford, Stephen Middle- 
brook, Joshua Emmis, Zebulon Parmalee, Ezra Payne, Benjamin 
Fowler, William Marther and Ephraim Ingraham; which, together with 
the Five following Rights, or equal Shares, reserved to the several 



124 CHARTER RECORDS 

public uses in manner following, include the whole of said Tract or 
Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; one 
Right, for the use of County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to 
the amount of one Right, to be and remain for the purpose of Settlement 
of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; 
Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of the social Wor- 
ship of God in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of one Right, 
for the use and support of an English School or Schools in said Township. 
Which said two Rights, for the use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for 
the use of County Grammar Schools as aforesaid; and the Improve- 
ments, Rents, Interests, and Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the 
Controul, Order, Direction and Disposal of the General Assembly of 
said State forever. And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby 
authorised and empowered, to locate said two Rights justly and equit- 
ably, or quantity for quality, in such parts of said Township, as they 
or their Committee shall judge will least incommode the General Settle- 
ment of said Tract or Township. And the said Proprietors are further 
empowered to locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights, 
assigned for the Settlement of a Minister and Ministers — for their 
Support — & for the use and Support of English Schools, in such, and in 
so many places, as they or their Committee shall judge will best ac- 
commodate the Inhabitants of said Township, when the same shall be 
fully settled and improved, laying the same equitably, or quantity for 
quality. Which said Lands, amounting to the Three Rights last men- 
tioned, when located as aforesaid, shall, together with their Improve- 
ments, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues and Interests, remain unalienably 
appropriated to the Uses and Purposes for which they are respectively 
assign d and be under the Charge, Direction, & Disposal of the Inhabi- 
tants of said Township forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given and 
granted as aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, viz 1 ; " Be- 
ginning at the South West Corner of Starksborough in the East Line of 
Pocock; then Southerly in the Line of Pocock, or continuing the same 
course six Miles; Then East, Six Miles, or so far, that, turning Northerly 
a parallel Line with the East Line of Pocock, six Miles, then West to the 
South East Corner of Starksborough, then in the Line of Starksborough to 
the Bounds began at, will contain Twenty three Thousand and Forty Acres 
(23,040. Acres.)" And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated 
into a Township, by the Name of Lincoln. And the Inhabitants that 
do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be infran- 
chised, and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the In- 
habitants of other Towns within this State do, and ought, by the Laws 
and Constitution of this State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have & to 
Hold the said Granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the Privi- 
ledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, unto them 
and their respective Heirs and Assigns forever: upon the following Con- 
ditions and Reservations, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor in the Township of 
Lincoln aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five 



LITTLETON 1 25 

Acres of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the 
Floor, or have one Family settled on each respective Right, within the 
Term of Four Years, next after the circumstances of the present War 
will admit of a Settlement with Safety: on penalty of the Forfeiture of 
each respective Right or Share of Land in said Township, not so im- 
proved or settled; and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State; 
to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such persons as shall 
appear to settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy, be reserved for the use & Benefit of the Freemen of this 
State. In Testimony whereof, We have hereunto affixed the Seal of 
this State, in Council, this Ninth Day of November, in the Year of our 
Lord one Thousand seven Hundred and Eighty; And in the 4 th Year 
of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 



Joseph Fay Seer 




THE CHARTER OF LITTLETON 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that Whereas, Benjamin Whipple Esquire and his 
associates, our worthy Friends have by Petition requested a Grant of a 
Tract of unappropriated Lands in this State in order for settling a New 
Plantation to be erected into a Township, We Have therefore, thought 
fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, and for other 
Valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents 
in the Name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Ver- 
mont give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and bounded 
in equal Shares or Rights, unto him the said Benjamin Whipple, and 
to the Several Persons hereafter Named his associates viz 1 Benjamin 
Doughlas, John Payne Ju r , Samuel Horsford, Israel Harriss, Jonathan 
Woodward, James Crompton, Thomas Mateson, Noah Chittenden, 
William Doughlas, Nehemiah Lovewell Ju r , Luther Richardson, Ripley 
Torrey, Nathan Allen, Nathaniel Spencer, Abel Aylsworth, Jonas 
Galusha, Ezra Fellows, Joshua Webb, Solomon Lee, Elisha Baker, 
Ju r , David Vallance, John Strong, Colonel Matthew Lyon, Mindwel 
Grant, Benajah Doughlas, Isaac Andrews, Benjamin Sumner, William 
Benj a Sumner, Thomas Chittenden, Oliver Ashley, John Goss, Samuel 



126 CHARTER RECORDS 

Lathrop, Caleb Smith, Isaac Horsford, Benjamin Boardman, John 
Fassett Ju r , James Gamble, James Gamble Ju r , Daniel Gamble, Samuel 
Lee, Joseph Farnsworth, David Galusha, Ward Baylcy, James Thomp- 
son, James Adams Ju r , Martin Adams, Daniel Adams, Eleanor Adams, 
Ebenezer Fisk, Evans Chace, James Gilcrease, Jareb Palmer, David 
Fassett, Joseph Averil, Charles Grant, Sherman Boardman, William 
Lyon, Nathan Dayton, Ithamer Horsford, Thadeus Meiison, Lemuel 
Buck, Jedediah Aylesworth, Samuel Comstock, {Captain) And Ebenezer 
Leonard; which Together with the five following Rights or equal Shares, 
reserved to the several uses in manner following include the whole of 
said Tract or Township viz 1 (Read) Which Tract of Land hereby given 
and Granted as aforesaid is bounded & discribed as follows viz 1 . Be- 
ginning at the North, Easterly Corner of Bar net, being a boundary con- 
tiguous to Connecticut River, Then up said River as it Tends so jar as to 
make Six miles on a Right Angle with the Northerly or head Line of s d 
Barnet, Then extending that Breadth Westerly, in the aforesaid Northerly 
Line of Barnet, and Continuing that direction; so far that to Turn on a 
Right Angle across said Breadth will contain the Contents of six Mile? 
square, And that the Same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township 
by the Name of Littleton and the Inhabitents that do or shall here- 
after inhabit said Township are declared to be infranchised, and In- 
titled to all the Privileges & immunities that the Inhabitents of other 
Towns, within this State do and ought by the laws & Constitution of 
this State to exercise & enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the said Granted 
Premises as above expressed, with all the Privileges, and appurtenences, 
thereto belonging & appertaining unto them and their respective Heirs 
and assigns forever, upon the following Condition and reservations viz fc 
That each Proprietor of the Township of Littleton aforesaid His Heirs 
or assigns shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land, and build an house 
at least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family Settled 
on Each respective Right within the Term of three years next after the 
date of these presents On Penalty of the forefieture of each respective 
right or share of Land in said Township, not so improved or Settled and 
the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their represen- 
tatives regranted to such persons as Shall appear to Settle and cultivate 
the Same, That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the 
use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed 
In Council, this Eight day of November In the year of our Lord one 
thousand Seven hundred and Eighty and in the Fourth year of the 
Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 

By His Excellency 3 Command 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 




LONDONDERRY 1 27 

THE CHARTER OF LONDONDARY 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of 
Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont — 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: — 

Know ye that whereas, the General Assembly of this State did at 
their Sessions, held at Westminster in March last, Resolve to Grant unto 
a Committee to be appointed for that purpose, a certain tract of Land as 
hereafter discribed — We have therefore Given and Granted, and by 
these Presents do give and Grant, unto our worthy Friends, Edward 
Akin, Samuel Fletcher, & Joseph Tyler Esquires, who are appointed a 
Committee as aforementioned, and to their heirs and assigns, a certain 
tract or Parcel of Land, situate within this State, and in the County of 
Cumberland, bounded as follows viz 1 . Beginning, at a black spruce tree two 
rods from the East side of a brook commonly known by the Name of the south 
branch of Williams, River, and about two rods North of where the road 
■now goes from Manchester to Chester across said Brook, which tree has 
been Marked for the southeast corner of Andover, Thence running north 
sixty three degrees West, seven Miles and three quarters, to a Yellozv 
Birch tree, Thence south Ten degrees West six Miles to a Small black 
Spruce, Thence south sixty three degrees east seven Miles and three quarters 
to a Small white beach, Thence North Ten deg 3 East six Miles to the first 
mentioned bounds — Reserving five sixty fifth equal parts to be appro- 
priated to public uses as follows viz 1 one equal part for the use & Support 
of a Simenary or College within this State, one equal part for the use and 
support of the County Grammer Schools throughout this State, one 
equal part for the use and support of the first settled Minister of the 
Gospel in said Town, to be disposed of for that purpose as the Inhabi- 
tents thereof shall direct, one equal part for the Support of the Ministry, 
and one equal part for the benifit and Support of a School or Schools 
within said Town — An that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into 
a Township by the Name of Londondary. & the Inhabitents that do or 
shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised 
and entitled to all the priviledges, and Immunities that other Towns 
within this State do by Law exercise and enjoy. — To Have and To Hold 
the said Granted premises as above discribed, with every priviledge and 
appurtenence therein contained, to the aforesaid Edward Akin, Samuel 
Fletcher, and Joseph Tyler, to them and their Hiers and assigns forever: 
In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this State to be affixed 
at Arlington in the County of Bennington this 20 th day of April AD. 
1780, and in the fourth year of the Independence of this, and the United 
States of America. 

Thomas Chittenden 
Attest 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



128 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF LUTTERLOH 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont, 



{-■} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 



Know ye that whereas our worthy Friends Col° Henry Emannuel 
Lutterloh, Major Thomas Cogswell and their associates, have by 
Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land within 
this State, for the purpose of settling a new Plantation to be erected into 
a Township. We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement 
of their laudable designs & for other valuable considerations ushereunto 
moving & do by these Presents in the Name & by the authority of the 
freemen of the State of Vermont give & grant the Tract of Land here- 
after described & bounded unto them the said Henry E. Lutterloh, 
Thomas Cogswell & the several persons hereafter named their associates 
viz Gen 1 Joseph Badger, Col° Ebenezer Smith, Col° Antipas Gilman 
Noah Dow Charles Clapham Richard S'Clear, Gen 1 John Tyler, 
John Tyler Jun r James Lord, Nathaniel Coit, Hezekiah Lord, John 
Mott, Nathan Geer, Joshua Stanton, Abiel Fellows, Andrew Lester, 
Noah Holcomb, Ruluff Dutcher, Nehemiah Lawrence, Isaac Lawrence 
William Peet Tarball Whitney, Joshua Andrews, Nathaniel Lawrence, 
Rachael Fellows, Elisha Sheldon, Jun r Elijah Stanton, David Whitney, 
Correl Merrils, Samuel B. Sheldon, Calvin Ackley, Andrew Carney, 
Elisha Lee, Timothy Obrion, Joshua Porter Jun r Nergalsharerzer 
Rude, Tunis Sardam, John Moore, Arthur Frinck, John Wheeler, 
Jacob Galusha, Samuel Moore Jun r , Ebenezer Fletcher, Jacob Varsh- 
burg, Moses Hinsdill, Ebenezer Reed, Gabriel Dutcher, Isaac White, 
Andrew Frinck, John Parks, Lemuel Hull, Gideon Smith, Ezra Crane, 
Jun r James Holmes, John Fellows, Caleb Nicols, James Parks, John 
Russell, Joshua Fitch Jun r , Isaac Pick, John Caton, Thomas Selleck & 
Elias Lord, Together with the five following Rights or equal shares 
reserved to the several public uses in manner following viz one full 
right or equal Share for the use and benefit of a College within this State 
—One Right or equal share for the use & benefit of County Grammer 
Schools throughout this State, One full share for the first settled Minister 
of the Gospel in said Township, One full Right for the use benefit & 
support of the social W'orship of God in said Township to be disposed of 
for that purpose in such manner as the Inhabitants of said Township 
shall from time to time agree, One full share for the use & support of an 
English School or Schools in said Township forever. Which Tract of 
Land hereby given & granted as aforesaid is bounded and described as 
follows viz Beginning at a spruce Tree, being the Northeast Corner of 
Minden & runing North 54° West six miles in the North Line of said 
Minden to a birch Tree, marked Lutterloh Comer Sept r . 23 d 1788, Then 
North thirty Six degrees East six Miles to a Yellow Birch Tree Marked for 



LUTTERLOH LYNDON 1 29 

the Northwesterly Corner of Lutterloh Iff Southwesterly Corner of Irasburgh 
Sep T 24, J/8S then south 54 East Six Miles to the Westerly line of Barton, 
then South 36 West six Miles to the bounds began at containing twenty three 

thousand ifj forty Acres And that the same be & hereby is incorporated 

into a Township by the Name of Lutterloh and the Inhabitants that 
do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be Enfran- 
chised & entitled to all the privileges & immunities which the inhabi- 
tants of other Towns within this State do & ought by the Laws & Con- 
stitution thereof to exercise and enjoy. 

To have and to hold the said granted Premises with every privilege 
and appurtinence thereunto belonging as appertaining unto them and 
their respective Heirs & assigns forever upon the following conditions & 
reservations viz. That each Proprietor of the Township of Lutterloh 
aforesaid his Heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land & 
build an House at least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one 
family settled on each respective right or share of Land within the term 
of four years from the time the outlines of Said Township shall be known 
and established as the law directs, on penalty of the forfeiture of each 
respective right or share of Land in said Township not so improved or 
settled & the same to revert to the freemen of this state to be by their 
representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & 
cultivate the same; In Testimony whereof, we have caused the seal 
of this state to be affixed this 26 day of June AD 1782 in the 6 year of 
our independence — 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF LYNDON 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas the Hon bl Jonathan Arnold and his associ- 
ates our worthy friends have by petition requested a grant of a Tract of 
unappropriated Lands within this State of six Miles square, in order for 
settling a new plantation to be erected into a Township, We have there- 
fore thought fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable designs 
and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And do by 
these Presents in the name and by the authority of the Freemen of Ver- 
mont, give & grant the Tract of Land hereafter described & bounded 
unto the said Jonathan Arnold and the several persons hereafter named 



I3O CHARTER RECORDS 

his associates viz' His Excellency William Green Esq r His Excellency 
Thomas Chittenden Esq r The Honorable William West, John Innes 
Clark, Danie) Cahoon, & Daniel Owen Esquires, Henry Sherburne, 
Christopher Greene, Israel Angell, William Barton, Samuel Ward, 
Jeremiah Olney, Elisha Mowry, Adam Comstock, Asa Kimbal, & 
Ebenezer Flagg Esquires, Joseph Nightinggale, Coggeshal Olney, 
Ephraim Bowen Jun r , William Humphry, John Holden, Oliver Jenks, 
Ebenezer Maccumber, David Sayles, John Morley Greene, Peter 
Turner, Samuel Tinney, Elias Cornelius, Stephen Smith & John Wells 
Gentlemen, Thomas Owen, Joseph Brown, Welcome Arnold, Stephen 
Jenks, Jonathan Jenks, William Rhodes, Theodore Foster, Olney Winsor, 
William Bowen, Stephen Randall, Benjamin Raze, Paul Tew Kimbal, 
Oliver Bowen Ju r , Obadiah Brown, Lyndon Arnold, William Arnold 
(son of Jonathan) James Monro, Thomas Jenkins, John Murray, 
Joseph Brown Jun r & Daniel Hawkins, Yeomen & the Reverend James 
Manning in proportions annexed to their names respectively as follows, 
To said Jonathan Arnold five seventieth parts, William Greene one 
seventieth part, Thomas Chittenden one seventieth part, William West 
one seventieth part, John Innes Clark two seventieth parts, Daniel 
Cahoon one seventieth Parts, Daniel Owen two seventieth parts, Henry 
Sherburne one seventieth part, Christopher Green one seventieth part, 
Israel Angell one seventieth part, William Barton one seventieth part, 
Samuel Ward one seventieth part, Jeremiah Olney one seventieth part, 
Elisha Mowry one seventieth part, Adam Comstock one seventieth part, 
Asa Kimbal three seventieth parts, Ebenezer Flagg one seventieth p 1 , 
Joseph Nightingale two seventieth parts, Coggeshall Olney one seven- 
tieth part Ephraim Bowen Jun r one seventieth part, William Humphry 
one seventieth part, John Holden, one seventieth part, Oliver Jenks one 
seventieth part, Ebenzer Macumber one seventieth part, David Sayles 
one seventieth part, John Morley Green one seventieth part, Peter 
Turner one seventieth part, Samuel Tinney one seventieth part, Elias 
Cornelius one seventieth part, Stephen Smith one seventieth part, John 
Wells one seventieth part, Thomas Owen one seventieth part, Joseph 
Brown three seventieth parts, Welcome Arnold one seventieth part, 
Stephen Jenks one seventieth part, Jonathan Jenks one seventieth 
part, William Rhodes one seventieth part, Theodore Foster one seven- 
tieth part, Olney Winsor one seventieth part, William Bowen one 
seventieth part, Stephen Randal one seventieth part, Benjamin Raze 
one seventieth part, Paul Tew Kimbal one seventieth part, Oliver Bowen 
Jun r . One seventieth part, Obadiah Brown one seventieth part, 
William Arnold one seventieth part, Lyndon Arnold one seventieth 
part, James Monro one seventieth part, Thomas Jenkins one seventieth 
part, John Murray one seventieth part, Joseph Brown Jun r one seven- 
teith part, Daniel Hawkins one seventieth part, & James Manning one 
seventieth part which Together with the six following seventieth parts 
reserved to the several uses in Manner following, include the whole tract 
or Township, hereafter Bounded & particularly described viz 1 . One 



LYNDON 131 

seventieth part for the use of a seminary or College, One seventieth 
part for the use of county grammar schools within said State, Lands to 
the amount of one seventieth part for the purpose of the settlement of a 
Minister & Ministers of the Gospel in said Township, Lands to the 
amount of one seventieth part for the support of the social worship of 
God in said Township & Lands to the amount of one seventieth part for 
the support of an English school Sc schools in said Township which 
said two seventieth parts for the use of a seminary or College & for the 
use of county grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the improvements, 
Rents, Interests & profits arising therefrom shall be under the controul, 
order, direction, & disposal of the general Assembly of ye Said State 
forever. And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorized & 
impowered to Locate said two seventieth parts justly & equitablely Or 
quantity for Quality in such parts of said Township as they or their Com- 
mittee shall judge will Least incommode the general settlement of the 
said Township And the said Proprietors are hereby further impowered 
to Locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to three seventieth parts of 
said Township assigned for the settlement of a Minister & Ministers for 
their support & for the Use & Support of English Schools in said Town- 
in such & in so many places as they or their committee shall judge 
will best accommodate the inhabitants of said Township when the same 
shall be fully settled and improved, laying the same equitably or Quan- 
tity for Quality, which said Lands amounting to three seventieth parts 
of said Township when Located as aforesaid shall together with their 
improvements, rights, Rents, profits, dues, & interests remain unalien- 
ably appropriated for the uses and purposes for which they are respect- 
ively assigned & be under the charge, direction & disposal of the Select 
Men of said Township in trust to & for the use of said Town forever, 
And the remaining seventieth part of said Township the Proprietors 
are hereby impowered to dispose of in such manner as they shall judge 
best for the encouragement of erecting the first grist Mill & Saw Mill in 
said Township. And whereas by dividing the said Township into 
seventy parts, there will be to each right the number of three hundred 
& twenty nine acres & one seventh part of an Acre, And whereas it is 
necessary that early provision should be made for accommodating said 
Township with Lands sufficient for Public Roads & highways which 
cannot be particularly assigned until the said Township shall be fully 
surveyed & under some improvement. Therefore by virtue of these 
presents, there is hereby reserved in every right or seventieth part of 
said Township the quantity of nine acres & one seventh part of an acre 
to be appropriated from time to time for the purpose of opening roads 
or highways in said Town, in such places thro' each right or seventieth 
part aforesaid as the select Men of said Town or other legal authority 
shall assign & direct, which said nine Acres & one seventh part of one 
acre shall be & remain unalienably in each right appropriated for the 
said purpose of Public roads & highways in & throughout said Town- 
ship forever. Which Tract of Land is hereby given & granted as afore- 



132 CHARTER RECORDS 

said is bounded & described as follows Viz 1 . Beginning at a small forked 
Elm Tree standing on the eastern bank of Pasumsick river opposite the 
southern point of a small island in said river a little below the upper great 

falls marked thus L , 7<l t ; jandfrom said tree running East twenty degrees south 

two miles from [for] the southeast corner, Thence turning & running North 
twenty degrees East six Miles for the north east corner, Thence turning \£ 
running west Twenty degrees North six miles for the northwest corner, 
Thence turning and running south twenty degrees West Six Miles for 
the Southwest corner, Thence turning 13 running East Twenty degrees 
south four Miles to a larger Elm Tree Standing on the western Bank of said 
Pasumick river & opposite the point of the aforesaid Island marked thus 

tjti *"K And thence on the same course crossing said river & the point 
of said Island to the small Elm aforesaid the Beginning boundary. And 
that the same be and hereby is incorporated into a Township by the 
Name of Lyndon and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit 
ye said Township are declared to be Enfranchised and entitled to all the 
privileges & immunities that the inhabitants of other Towns within this 
State do and ought by Law & the constitution of this State to exercise 
& enjoy. To have and to hold the said granted premises as above 
expressed with all the privileges appurtenances thereto belonging & 
appertaining to them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever upon the 
following conditions & reservations Viz fc That each Proprietor of the 
Township of LYNDON aforesaid his heirs or Assigns shall plant & 
cultivate five acres of Land and build a house at least eighteen feet 
square on the floor or have one family settled on each respective right or 
seventieth part of Land in said Township within the term of four years 
next, after the circumstances of the war will admit of a settlement 
with safety on penalty of the forfeiture of each right or seventieth part 
of Land in said Town not so improved & settled and the same to revert 
to the freemen of this State to be by their representatives regranted to 
such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same, That all 
Pine Timber suitable for a navy be reserved to the use and benefit of the 
Freemen of this State agreeable to an act of the legislature of said 
State passed at their session Oct r 178 1. In Testimony whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand & caused the Seal of this State to be affixed 
This 20 th day of November in the year of our Lord 1780 in the fourth 
year of the independence of this State & fifth of the united States. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By his Excellency's command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



MARSHFIELD 133 

THE CHARTER OF MARSHFIELD 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, have 
by petition requested a grant of a Tract of unlocated land within this 
State in order for settling a new plantation to be erected into a Town- 
ship. We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of 
their laudable designs & for other valuable causes & considerations us 
hereunto moving, Do by these presents in the name & by the authority 
of the freemen of the State of Vermont, Give & Grant unto the said 
Stockbridge tribe of Indians the tract of Land hereafter bounded and 
described to them & their respective heirs & assigns forever Reserving five 
full & equal seventy fifth parts to be appropriated to the following uses 
Viz 1 . One full and Equal 75 th part for the use of a seminary or College 
within this State; One 75 th part for the use & benefit of county grammar 
Schools throughout this State; One 75 th part to be given to the first 
settled Minister of the Gospel in said Town forever; One 75 th part for 
the benefit & use of supporting the ministry of the Gospel in said Town 
forever to be disposed of for that use as the inhabitants thereof shall 
direct, & One 75 th part for the use & Support of an english School or 
Schools within s d Town forever. Which tract of Land hereby given 
and granted as aforesaid is bounded & described as follows Viz 1 . Be- 
ginning at the southwesterly corner of the Township of Cabot 13 running 
south 34 D° East six Miles in the southerly line of said Cabot to the south- 
easterly corner thereof, Then continuing the same course until it intersects 
the westerly line of Peacham, Then south 48 D° West in the said line to the 
southwesterly^ corner thereof, Then south 36 D° West three miles 6ff a half 
to a great birch Tree marked Marshfield S E corner May 29 th 1788, 
Then north 54 D° West four Miles 63 Chains 13 87 Links to a hemlock Tree 
standing' in the easterly line of the Township of Montpelier marked 
Marshfield S W Corner 1788, Then north 36 D° East one Mile & six 
Chains to the northeasterly corner of Montpeliar, Then North 54 D° 
West forty Chains to the southeasterly corner of the Township of Calais, 
Then north 36 D° East six miles to the bounds began at, containing twenty 
three thousand 13 forty Acres. And that the same be & hereby is incorp- 
orated into a Township by the name of Marshfield and y e Inhabitants 
that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be in- 
franchised & entitled to all the privileges & immunities that the in- 
habitants of other incorporated Towns, do and ought by the Laws & 
constitution of this State to exercise & enjoy. 

To have and to Hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all privileges & appurtenences thereto belonging & appertaining 
unto them & their respective heirs & assigns forever upon the following 



134 CHARTER RECORDS 

conditions & reservations Viz 1 That each proprietor holding one 75 th 
part in the Township of Marshfield aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall 
plant and cultivate five acres of Land and build a house at least eighteen 
feet square on the floor or have one family settled on each respective 
75 th part within four years from the time of the surveying the outlines 
of said Township, on penalty of the forfeiture of his right or share of 
Land respectively in said Township, who shall neglect or refuse to do the 
duty aforesaid; & the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be 
by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to 
settle & cultivate the same. The aforesaid Grant being made the 18 th 
October 1782. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council this 22 d day of June AD 1790 in the 14 th Year of the 
independence of this State 

Moses Robinson 
By His Excellency 3 command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



MARVIN'S GORE 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont — 

To all Persons to whom these presents shall come Greeting : 

Know Ye, that we, for divers good causes and considerations us 
thereunto moving have and do by these presents in the name and by the 
Authority of the state of Vermont, give, grant, convey and confirm unto 
Ebenezer Marvin Esq r of Huntsburgh in the county of Franklin, in the 
said state, and unto his heirs and assignees forever a certain tract or 
parcel of lands situate in the said county of Franklin, lying west of and 
adjoining to the west line of Huntsburgh aforesaid, being part and parcel 
of the tract of lands, designated "Marvins Gore," on the surveyor Gen- 
eral's map of the state and is more particularly bounded and described 
as follows to wit Beginning in the line commonly called the province line 
being the North line of this state and the south line of the province of lower 
Canada, at the north west corner bound of the town of Huntsburgh, as affixed 
& placed by the proprietors of said Huntsburgh in their survey thereof, — 
Thence west in said North line of this state one hundred and sixty rods to a 
stake; thence at right angles south seven hundred rods to a stake with stones, 
thence at right angles East two hundred rods, thence turning northerly in the 
line marked for Huntsburgh west line to the first mentioned bound, con- 






-', 









MARVINS GORE MEDWAY 135 

taining seven hundred & eighty seven acres of land — To have and to hold 
the said granted premises, with all the privileges and appurtenances 
thereto belonging or appertaining to him the said Ebenezer Marvin 
and to his heirs and assignees forever to his and their sole use benefit 
& behoof — 

Given and Granted by an act of the Legislature of this state 
bearing date at Windsor the fourth day of November A. D. one thou- 
sand seven hundred and ninety three — 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand & caused the 
seal of this State to be affixed in Council at Newbury this 27 th day of 
October A. D. 1801 and of the Independence of the United States the 
twenty sixth — 

Isaac Tichenor 
By his Excellency's command 
Ros. Hopkins Secy, of State. 
Recorded Oct. 27th 1801 Ros. Hopkins Secy. 



THE CHARTER OF MEDWAY 

The Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas the Honorable Joseph Bouker Esq r , and his 
associates thirty four in number have by Petition requested a grant of 
unlocated Lands within this State for the purpose of settling a new 
plantation to be erected into a Township — We have therefore thought 
fit for the Due encouragement of their Laudable Designs and for other 
Valuable Causes and Considerations us hereunto moving And Do by 
these Presents in the name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont Give and Grant unto the said Joseph Bouker and the 
several Persons hereafter named his Associates the Tract of Land here- 
after Discribed and Bounded to be Divided into equal Shares Viz Ash- 
bael Cook, Simeon Avery, James Claghorn, Asa Fuller, Moses Hale, 
Asa Hale, John Dagget John Forbs, Gershom Olds, Thaddeus Curtis, 
David Sturge Ebenezer Wheelock, Enos Ives, Elnathan Guilbert, 
Gideon Minor, Josiah Hale, John Andrus, Henry Strong, the Heirs of 
Ebenezer Cook, Samuel Beach, Moses Andrus, Moses Wheelock, David 
Haskins, John H. Johnson, Jehiel Andrus, Clement Clark, Nathan 
Fisher, David Hale Samuel Williams, Phinehas Hill, Jonathan Maltbie, 



I36 CHARTER RECORDS 

David Taylor, & Joseph Fay together with the four following equal 
Shares to be appropriated to the use of the Public Viz one equal Share 
for the Benifit of the a College within this State one equal Share for the 
Benefit of County Grammar Schools throughout this State one equal 
Share for the first settled minister of the Gospel in said Town and equal 
Share for the Benifit of an English Gramm School within said Town — 
which tract of Land hereby Given and Granted as aforesaid is dis- 
cribed and bounded as follows Viz Beginning at the Southeast Corner of 
Rutland thence North 4 Degrees East on Rutland East Line five Miles and 
Eighty Rods to the Southwest Corner of the Township of Chittenden then 
East 20 Degrees North Two Miles and one hundred Rods in the South Line 
of Chittenden to Killington West Line then south 28 Degrees West four 
miles and one hundred Rods on Killington Line to the Southwest Corner 
thence East 28 Degrees South five and a half miles to Shrewsbury southeast 
Corner then West 4 Degrees North six Miles to the first mentioned Bounds 
containing about eight Thousand eight hundred and ninety Acres And 
that the same be and is hereby incorporated into a Township by the 
name of Medway and the Inhabitants that Do or shall hereafter In- 
habit said Township are Declared to be Infranchised and Entitled to 
all the Privilidges and Immunites that Towns within this State Do by 

Law Exercise and enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises with all the 
Privilidges and appurtenances belonging or in any ways appertaining 
unto them their Respective Heirs and assigns forever on the following 
Conditions Viz that each proprietor of the Township of Medway afore- 
said his Heirs or assigns shall Plant and Cultivate five acres of Land and 
build a House at Least eighteen feet Square on the floor or have one 
Family settled on each respective Right or Share of Land in said Town- 
ship within the Term of three years from the first Day of June next on 
Penalty of the forfeiture of each Respective Right or Share of Land not 
so Settled and Improved as aforesaid — and the same to revert to the Free- 
men of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to such per- 
sons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the same. 

In Testimony whereof We have Caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed this 23 Day of February AD 1781 

Thomas Chittenden 
By his Excellency 3 Command 

Joseph Fay Sec y . 

THE CHARTER OF MINDEN 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
, — * — > Freemen of the State of Vermont, 

\ J To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, That Whereas Col° Timothy Newell and Ebenezer 
Craft Esquire and their associates our Worthy Friends have by Peti- 



MINDEN 



137 



READ 

the 

Charter of 

RIPTOWN 

which is in 

the same 

words with 

this for 

disposing 

of the 5 

Public 

Rights 



tion requested a grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land within this 
State, in order for settling a New Plantation to be erected into Town- 
ship, We Have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of 
their Laudable designs & for other valuable Considerations us hereunto 
moving and do by these Presents In the Name and by the authority 
of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and Grant the Tract of 
Land hereafter discribed, and Bounded, unto the said Timothy Newel, 
Ebenezer Craft, and to the several persons hereafter named their 
associates, viz 1 Timothy Danielson, Jonathan Warner, Phinehas Up- 
ham, Abel Mason, Martin Kinsley, Timothy Newell Ju r , Meriam 
Newell, Samuel Crafts, Samuel Crafts Ju r , Caleb Kinsley, Jabez Up- 
ham Ju r , Mehetabel Newell, Samuel Chandler Crafts, William Young, 
Hezekiah Ward, Abner Morgan, Miriam Newell Jun r , Jonathan Warner 
Ju r Thomas Upham, Rachel Newel, Nathan Dean, Jeremiah Bingham, 
Elisha Lord, Nathaniel Newell, Rebeckah Newell, Daniel Warner, 
George Baxter Upham, Elisha Lord Ju r , Moses Crafts, Mehetable 
Crafts, Daniel Billing, Phinehas Upham Ju r , Lucinda Newell, Metilda 
Crafts, Augusta Crafts, Ebenezer Clark, Elijah Warner, Samuel Upham, 
Theophilus Chandler, John Bennet, Winthrop Chandler, Edward Fos- 
ter, Elijah Mercy, Jonathan Mason, Joseph Scott, Lucretia Crafts, 
James Upham, Thomas Wheeler, Moses Hastings, Daniel Goodell, Peter 
Faulkner, Lydia Town, Jacob Corey, Griffen Crafts, Nehemiah Lyon, 
Daniel Faulkner, Aaron Allen, Abijah Shumway, Job, Hammet, William 
Blanchard, and Samuel Shumway. which Together with the five follow- 
ing Rights reserved to the several uses in manner following include the 
whole of said Township viz 1 (Read) which said Tract of Land hereby 
given and Granted as aforesaid is bounded and discribed as follows viz t 
Beginning, at the Northeasterly corner of JVolcott, Then North 36 D° East, 
in the Line of Hardzvick and Greensborough six Miles; Then North 34 D° 
west six Miles, Then South 36 D° West six miles to the North westerly 
Corner of JVolcott, then South 34 D° East in the line of Wolcot six miles 
to the bounds began at. And that the same be and hereby is incorporated 
into a Township by the name of Minden, and the inhabitents That do 
or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised 
and intitled to all the priviledges and immunities that the Inhabitents 
of other Towns within this State do and ought by the Laws and Con- 
stitution of this State to Exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold, 
the said granted Premises as above expressed, with all the Priviledges, 
and appurtenances, thereto belonging and appertaining, unto them, 
and their respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the following Condi- 
tions & Reservations viz c , That each Proprietor of the Township of 
Minden, aforesaid, his heirs or assigns Shall plant & Cultivate five 
acres of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen feet square on the 
Floor, or have one Family settled on each respective right within the 
Term of three years next after the Circumstances of the War will admit 
of a Settlement with safety, on penalty of the Forfieture of Each respect- 
ive Right of Land in said Township, not so improved or settled, and the 



I38 CHARTER RECORDS 

same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be by their representa- 
tives regranted, to such persons as Shall appear to Settle and Cultivate 
the same; That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the 
use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State, In Testimony, whereof I 
have hereunto Set my hand and Caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed, in Council, this 23 d Day of August AD, 1781, in the 5 th year of 
y e Independence of this State, & 6 th of the United States. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF MONTGOMERY 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye that whereas the Honorable Stephen Ro[we] Bradley 
Esquire & his associates our worthy friends have by petition requested 
a grant of a Tract of unlocated Lands within this State, for the purpose 
of settling a new plantation to be erected into a Township; We have 
therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable de- 
signs & for other valuable causes & considerations us hereunto moving, 
& do by these presents in the name & by the authority of the freemen of 
the State of Vermont, give & grant unto the said Stephen R Bradley & 
the several persons hereafter named his associates the Tract of Land here- 
after described & bounded to be divided into equal Shares as follows 
viz, Rev d Ezra Stiles DD, Rev d John Graham, Rev d Daniel Ferrend, 
Rev d Ammi R Robins, Rev d Judah Champion, Rev d Abel Newell, 
Rev d Peter Starr, Rev d Hezekiah Gould, Rev d Noble Everett, Rev d 
Jonathan Edwards, Rev d Buckley Olcott, Rev d David Perry, Rev d 
Joseph Strong, His Excellency Thomas Chittenden, William Gould, 
Thomas Ives, Pierpoint Edwards, Josiah Fowler, Moses Seymour, 
Oliver Wolcott, Alexander Wolcott, Andrew Adams Jun r Nathan Hart, 
William Burrel, Seth Smith, James Barlow, John A Dibble, Elijah Barr, 
Aaron Barlow, Seth Sheldon, Giles Pettibone, Comfort Sage, Asa Smith, 
Jonas Fay, John Hurlburt, Nathaniel Gridley, Enos Munson, Seth Lee, 
Elijah Hurlbut, Reuben Atwater, Russel Atwater, Thadeus Bradley, 
Ezra Stiles Jun r Isaac Stiles, Ebenezer Fisk, Solomon Fisk, John Foot, 
John Alford Foot, William Lambert, Foot, Mathew Griswould, John 
Tainter, Elisha Burton, Ebenezer Brewster, Sarah Fisk, Ruth Fisk, 



MONTGOMERY I39 

Joshua Smith, Hannah Clark, Ira Allen & John Fassett Jun r , Together 
with five equal shares to be disposed of for public uses in manner follow- 
ing viz, one equal share for the use &: benefit of a College within this 
State, One full share for the use & benefit of County Grammar Schools, 
throug[h] out this State, One equal Share for the first settled Minister 
of the Gospel in said Town, One full share for the support of the Ministry 
in said Township, & one full Share for the benefit &: support of an English 
School or Schools in said Township; Which Tract of Land hereby given 
& granted as afores d is described & bounded as follows Viz. Beginning 
at the Southheast corner of the Township Enosburgh, 1$ running northerly 
in the easterly line of said Enosburgh so far as to make six Miles on a per- 
perdicular with the north line of the State, Then easterly a parallel line with 
the North line of the State six Miles, Then southerly so far as to make six 
Miles on a perpendicular line with the North line of the State, Then westerly 
a parallel line with the North line of the State six Miles to the first bounds > 
containing twenty three thousand & forty Acres, — 

And that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township 
by the name of Montgomery and the inhabitants that do or shall here- 
after inhabit said Township are declared to be enfranchised & entitled 
to all the privileges & immunities that the inhabitants of other corpora ted 
Towns within this State do by Law exercise & enjoy — 

To Have & to hold the said granted premises with all the privileges 
& appurtenences thereunto belonging, or in any wise appertaining, unto 
them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever on the following con- 
ditions and reservations viz 1 , that each Proprietor of the said Township 
of Montgomery his heirs or assigns shall plant & cutivate five acres of 
Land and build a House at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or 
have one Family settled on each respective right or share of Land in said 
Township within the term of three years from the first day of June next, 
on penalty of the forfieture of each respective right or share of Land Not 
so settled & improved as aforesaid, and the same to revert to the Free- 
men of this State, to be by their Representatives regranted to Such 
persons as shall appear to Settle and cultivate the same — The aforesaid 
Grant was made by the Legislature of this State on the 15 th day of 
March 1780 — In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State 
to be affixed in Council this 8 th day of October A. D. 1789 in the 14 th 
year of our Independence 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 8 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



I4O CHARTER RECORDS 

♦THE CHARTER OF MONTPELIER 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 
L.S. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas, Colonel Timothy Biggelow. and his as- 
sociates, our worthy friends, have by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State in order for Setling a 
New Plantation, to be erected into a Township; We Have therefore 
thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, & for 
other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, & do by these Pre- 
sents, in the name & by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of 
Vermont, give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and 
Bounded, unto him the said Timothy Biggelow, & the several persons 
hereafter named his associates, in equal Shares viz 1 Bethewel Warsh- 
burn, John Warshburn, Elijah Rood, Thomas Chittenden, George Foot, 
Elisha Smith, Jedediah Strong, James Prescott, Jacob Brown, Gideon 
Ormsby, James Mead, John W. Dana, Timothy Brownson, Gideon 
Horton, Matthew Lyon, Samuel Horsford, Ithamer Horsford, William 
Smith, Jacob Spear, Jonas Galusha, Mary Galusha, Noah Smith, Moses 
Robinson, Moses Robinson Jun r , John Fasset Jun r Jonas Fay, Abiather 
Waldo, Thomas Tolman, Timothy Stanley, Joseph Dagget, Ira Allen, 
Lyman Hitchcock, James Gamble, Alanson Doughlas, Adam Martin, 
The Heirs of Isaac Nash, Jonathan Brace, Howel Woodbridge, James 
Brace, Henry Walbridge Ju r Joseph Fay, William Goodrich, Sybill 
Goodrich, Thomas Matterson, Amos Waters, David Galusha, Jacob 
Davis, Ephraim Starkweather, Shubael Peck, Jacob Davis Ju r , Thomas 
Davis, John Ramsdell, Issacher Read, Isaac G. Lansingh, Ebenezer 
Davis, Levi Davis, Asa Davis, Ebenezer Stone, & Samuel Allen, which 
Together with the five following Rights reserved to the Several Public 
uses in manner following viz 1 Read, which Tract of Land hereby given 
IEAD & granted as aforesaid is bounded and discribed as follows viz 1 
, Beginning, at 

'harter 

Tipton And that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the 
h is in name of Montpelier, and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter 
f 5ai Vi inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised, & intitled to all 
his for tne Priviledges & immunities, that the inhabitents of other Towns 
posing in this State do & ought by the Laws & Constitution thereof to exercise 
he five & enjoy; To Have and to Hold, the said Granted Premises as above 
p U - b !* t c expressed, with all the Priviledges, & appurtenences, thereunto be- 
tg 5 longing, unto them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever upon the 
*This charter, recorded on pp. 255-258 of Vol. 1 [Ms.] Vermont Charters, does not 

give bounds of the lands granted. See later charter on pages immediately following this 

charter. 



MONTPELIER I4I 

following Conditions and Reservations viz* That Each Proprietor in 
the Township of Montpelier aforesaid his Heirs or assigns shall plant & 
cultivate Five acres of Land & build an House at least Eighteen feet 
square, on the Floor, or have one Family settled on each respective 
Right within the Term of three years next after the Circumstances of the 
War will admit of a Settlement with Safety, on penalty of the forfieture 
of each respective Right or share of Land in said Township not so im- 
proved or settled, & the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to 
be by their Representatives regranted to Such persons as Shall appear 
to Settle & Cultivate the same, That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy 
be reserved for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State, In 
Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed 
in Council this 14 th , day of August, in the year of our Lord 178 1, & in 
the 5 year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



{"} 



THE CHARTER OF MONTPELIER 

The Governor of the State of Vermont. 
To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 



Whereas the legislature of the State of Vermont, at their ad- 
journed Session holden at Windsor, on the first day of February, in the 
Year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and four; was pleased to 
pass an Act, entitled "An Act authorising the Governor of this State, 
to issue a new Charter of Montpelier" — 

Now therefore, Know Ye, that I Isaac Tichenor, Governor within 
and over said State, and in the name & by the Authority of the same, and 
in pursuance of, and by virtue of the Act aforesaid, do by these presents 
Give and Grant the tract of Land, hereafter described and bounded unto 
Timothy Bigelow, and to the several persons hereafter named, his 
Associates in equal shares, viz 1 Ebenezer Waters, Ebenezer Upham, 
Elisha Wales, Elisha Smith Wales, Joel Frizzel, Bethuel Washburn, 
John Washburn, Elijah Rood, Thomas Chittenden, George Foot, 
Elisha Smith, Jedidiah Strong, James Prescott, Jacob Brown, Gideon 
Ormsby, James Mead, John W. Dana, Timothy Brownson, Gideon 
Horton, Matthew Lyon, Samuel Horsford, Ithamar Horsford, William 



142 CHARTER RECORDS 

Smith, Jacob Spear, Jonas Galusha, Mary Galusha, Noah Smith, Moses 
Robinson, Moses Robinson jun r . John Fassett jun r Jonas Fay, Abiathar 
Waldo, Thomas Tolman, Timothy Stanley, Joseph Dagget, Ira Allen, 
Lyman Hitchcock, James Gamble, Alanson Douglass, Adam Martin, 
The Heirs of Isaac Xash, Jonathan Brace, Howell Woodbridge, James 
Brace, Henry Walbridge jun r ., Joseph Fay, William Goodrich, Sybil 
Goodrich, Thomas Matterson Amos Waters, David Galusha, Jacob 
Davis, Ephram Starkweather, Shubael Peck, Jacob Davis jun r . Thomas 
Davis, John Ramsdell, Issachar Reed, Isaac G. Lansingh, Ebenezer 
Davis, Levi Davis, Asa Davis, Ebenezer Stone and Samuel Allen, which 
together with the five following Rights, reserved to the several public 
uses, in manner following, include the whole of said tract, or township, 
to wit, one Right for the use of a Seminary or College; One Right for the 
use of County Grammar Schools, in said State; Lands to the amount of 
one Right, to be, and remain for settlement of a Minister or Ministers of 
the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands to the Amount of one Right, 
for the support of the Social Worship of God, in said Township; and 
Lands to the amount of one Right for the support of an English School, 
or Schools in said Township. Which said two Rights for the use of a 
Seminary or College, and for the use of County Grammer Schools, as 
aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, and Profits arising 
therefrom, shall be under the controul, order, direction, and disposal of 
the General Assembly of said State forever. And the proprietors of 
said Township, are hereby authorised and empowered to locate said two 
rights, justly and equitably, or Quantity for Quality in such parts of 
said Township, as they, or their Committee shall judge will least in 
commode the general settlement of said Tract or Township. And the 
said proprietors are further empowered to locate the lands aforesaid, 
amounting to three Rights, assigned for the settlement of a Minister 
and Ministers, for their support, and for the use and support of English 
Schools, in such, and in so many places, as they or their Committee shall 
judge will best accomodate the Inhabitants of said Township, when the 
same shall be fully settled & improved, laying the same equitably, or 
quantity for quality. Which said lands amounting to the three rights 
last mentioned, when located as aforesaid, shall together with the Im- 
provements, Rights, Rents, Profits, dues and Interests remain unalien- 
ably appropriated to the uses and purposes, for which they are 
respectively assigned, and be under the charge, direction, and disposal 
of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. Which Tract of land here- 
by given and granted, as aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, 
to wit. Beginning at a Bass zvood tree on the North bank of Onion 
River, marked "Middlesex Corner July 13. 1785;" Thence North 
thirty six degrees East, six Miles to a Beech Tree marked, "Montpelier 
Corner June 14. 1786;" Thence South fifty four degrees East six Miles 
and an half to a Maple Staddle marked "Montpelier Corner June 17. 
1786;" Thence South thirty six degrees West five Miles and five Chains, to a 
Bass wood tree in Barre north line, marked "June 19. 1786;" Thence 



MORRISTOWX I43 

North sixty seven degrees West, One Mile and sixty seven Chains to Onion 
River; Thence down said River, as it tends to the first bound. And that 
the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, by the Name 
of Montpelier. — And the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter in- 
habit said Township are declared to be enfranchised, and entitled to all 
the priviliges and immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns within 
this State, do, and ought by the Laws & Constitution thereof, to exercise 
and enjoy. — 

To have & to hold, the said granted premises as above expressed, 
with all the privileges & appurtenances thereunto belonging, unto them, 
and their respective Heirs &: Assigns forever. 

In testimony whereof I have caused these letters to be made pa- 
tent, and the Seal of our State, to be hereunto affixed. — 

Given under my hand at Windsor, this sixth day of February, 
A. D. one thousand eight hundred & four; and of the Independence of 
the United States the twenty eighth. — 

Isaac Tichenor. 
By his Excellency's Command. 
DAv d . Wing Jun r Sec y of State. 



The foregoing charter is recorded on pp. 374, 375 of Vol. 1 |Ms.| Vermont Charters. 
An earlier charter, which does not give bounds of lands granted, is printed on pages im- 
mediately preceding this copy. 



THE CHARTER OF MORRISTOWN 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 



{,,} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting. 



Know Ye, That whereas, DocT r Moses Morse and his associates, 
our worthy Friends have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of 
unappropriated Land within this State, in order for settling a New 
plantation, to be Erected into a Township; We Have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of their laudable designs & for other Valuable 
consideration us hereunto moving do by these Presents in the Name and 
by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and 
grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and bounded, unto him the 
said Moses Morse and to the Several persons hereafter named his 
associates viz 1 Timothy Meach, Joshua Morse, Daniel Morse, John 
Norton, Sarah Morse, Charity Wibon, Gershom Randell, John Kelley, 
Willard Morse, Elijah Adams, Samuel Cook, Jonathan Cook, John 



144 CHARTER RECORDS 

Smith, Daniel Kinney, Nathan Hibbard, Jesse Spawlding, Jacob Kinney, 
Moses Porter, Simeon Rood, Nathaniel Edwards, Elias Brown, Dennis 
Mach, Nathan Fay, Joseph Hinesdile, Isaac Kellogg, Aaron Hubbel, 
Robert Cochran, Caleb Bingham, Joseph Hinesdile Ju r , Jedediah Hyde, 
Jabez Bingham, David Mitchell, Stephen Mitchell, Roger Rose, Ruggles 
Woodbridge, Noah Goodman, Josiah White, Mary Bingham, Marble 
Mitchell, Samuel Day, Lois Day, Samuel Day Ju r , Winstone Liberty 
Day, Gideon Beebe, John Morse, Jonathan Merrick, David Merrick, 
John Merrick, Eliel Todd, Lucy Todd, Israel Jones, Marshal Jones, 
Isaac Searls, Mary Searls, Andrew Alger, Ebenezer Stratton, Luther 
Rich, William Farrand, Giles Barnes, Enoch Chapen, Thomas Train, 
Rosanna Farrand, Isaac Whitney &, Jason Wright. Which Together 
HEAD with the five following Rights reserved to the several uses in manner 
following include the whole of said Township viz 1 (Read) which Tract 
of Land hereby given and Granted as aforesaid is bounded and discribed 
as follows, viz 1 Beginning at the North, Easterly Corner of Stow, Then 
westerly in the Line of Stow (something more than) six Miles to an angle 
the same thereof, Then carying that Breadth back North 36 D° East so far that to 
fords with extend a Line north 54 D° West across said Breadth will encompass the 
distoosinz C° nients °f s * x miles square, And that the same be and hereby is In- 
of the corporated into a Township By the name of Morristown, and the In- 
6 public habitents, that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township, are declared 
Rights. t be Infranchised and entitled to all the Priviledges, and Immunities 
that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do and ought by 
the Laws & Constitution of this State to Exercise & Enjoy. To Have 
and to Hold, the said Granted Premises, as above expressed in equal 
shares with all the Privileges and appurtenences thereto belonging & 
appertaining^ unto them and their respective Heirs and assigns forever, 
upon the following Condition and Reservations viz 1 that each Proprietor 
of the Township of Morristown, aforesaid His Heirs or assigns, shall 
plant and cultivate Five acres of Land, and Build an House at least 
Eighteen feet Square on the Floor, or have one Family Settled on each 
respective right within the Term of three years next after the circum- 
stances of the War will admit of a Settlement with Safety on penalty of 
the Forfieture of each respective Right of Land in said Township not so 
settled and Improved, and the Same to revert to the Freemen of this 
State, to be by their Representatives regranted to Such persons as shall 
appear to Settle & Cultivate the same, That all Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy be reserved for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this 
State 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council this 24 day of August AD 1781, in the 5 th year of the 
Independence of this, and 6 of the United States. 

Thomas Chittenden. 

By His Excellency 3 Command 
Thomas Tolman Dep y Sec y 



NAVY 145 

THE CHARTER OF NAVY 

The Governor, Council Sc General Assembly of Repre- 
« * » sentatives of the freemen of vermont 

Y ±j. o. j j» a n p eo pi e iq whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas, it has been represented to us by our worthy 
friends Abraham Whipple Esquire, and Company to the number of 
sixty four, That there is a Tract of vacant Land within this State which 
has not heretofore been granted, which they pray may be Granted to 
Them, We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of 
Settling a new Plantation within this State and other Valuable con- 
siderations us hereunto moving, and do by these presents in the name 
and by the authority of the Freemen of Vermont give and Grant unto 
the said Abraham Whipple & the Several persons hereafter named his 
associates, viz fc William Field, Jeremiah Field, Thomas Field, Pardon 
Field, Samuel Wightman, John C. Green, Arthur Fenner 3 d , Eppraim 
Roberts, Abner Williams, Nathan Burlinghame, Andrew Harris, William 
Harris, Peter Stone 3 d , William Potter, Anthony Randall, John Harris, 
John King Ju r , Edward Knight, Andrew Brown, Andrew Harris, (of 
Johnson) Israel Gorton, William Waterman, Nathan Williams, Abner 
Field, Arther Fenner Ju r , John Beverly, George Rounds, Jeremiah 
Rounds, Edward Fenner, Elisha Brown, Nehemiah Field, Nehemiah 
Knight, Richard Eddy, John Mathewson, Caleb Harris, Ralph Merry, 
Thomas Jenkins, Thomas L, Chandler, Benj a . Ingraham, John H. 
Whipple, William Wall, William Wall Ju r , Daniel Felton Wall, Cyprian 
Sterry, John Murry, Charles Murry, William Corlis, Christopher 
Olney, James H. Olney, Seth Jenkins, Charles Jenkins, Benjamin Jen- 
kins, Cotton Guilson, Nicholas Power, Jonathan Pitcher, Benjamin 
Bourne, Josiah Gifford, Thomas Smart, Daniel Bucklin, Timothy Carp- 
enter, John Thurston, John Fennor & Benjamin Ingraham Ju r , Together 
with five equal Shares or Rights to be appropriated to the Public uses 
following viz 1 one Share or Right for the use of a Simenary or College 
within this State, one share or Right for the use of the County Grammer 
Schools Throughout this State, one share or Right for the first Settled 
Minister of the Gospel in said Township to be disposed of for that pur- 
pose as the Inhabitents thereof shall direct, one share or Right for the 
Support of the Ministry, one share or Right for the Benifit and Support 
of a School or Schools within said Township, the following Tract or 
Parcel of Land, Beginning at the southwesterly Corner of N° 32, Then 
northeast in the northwest Line of N° Jl, to an angle thereof {supposed to 
be) about six miles, and Carrying that Breadth back northwest so far as 
that a paraellel line with N° jl, northwest line aforesaid, will contain the 
Contents of six Miles square. And that the same be and is hereby In- 
corporated into a Township by the Name of Navy and the Inhabitents 
that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be 



I46 CHARTER RECORDS 

Infranchised, and Entitled to all the priviledges & Immunities that other 
Towns within this State do by Law exercise and Enjoy. To Have and 
to Hold the said Granted premises as above expressed with all the 
Priviledges & appurtenances thereunto Belonging to them & their 
respective Heirs and assigns forever under the following Conditions and 
Reservations viz 1 That Each Proprieter of said Township of Navy his 
heirs or assigns, Shall plant and Cultivate five acres of Land & build a 
House at Least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, or have one Family 
settled on Each respective Share or Right of Land in said Township 
within t ie Term of Four years next after the circumstances of the War 
will admit of it with Safety on pain of the Forfieture of his respective 
share or Right of Land in said Township, and the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State, to be by t xeir Representatives regranted to Such 
persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the same, That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy shall be reserved to and for the use and 
Benifit of the Freemen of this State, In Testimony whereof we Have 
caused the seal of this State to be hereunto affixed, this 10 th day of 
November, in the year of our Lord 1780. in the 4 th year of the Indepen- 
dence of this State, and 5 th of the United States, 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF NEWARK 

The Governor, Council, and General, Assembly, of the 
— — * Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



{,,} 



To all People to whom, these Presents shall come Greeting 



Kno Ye, That Whereas, Colonel William Wall. & his associates 
have requested a Grant of unappropriated Lands within this State, in 
order for Settling a New plantation, to be Erected into a Township; 
We have thought fit for the due Encouragement of their Laudable de- 
signs, and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving. And 
do by these Presents in the name and by the authory of the Freemen of 
the State of Vermont, give and grant the tract of Land hereafter dis- 
cribed and bounded unto him the said William Wall, and to his asso- 
ciates in equal Shares, viz', William Wall Ju r , Cyprian Sterry, Jeremiah 
Jenks, Henry H. Tillingast, Daniel Stilwell, Jonathan Jenkins, William 
Blodget, Joseph Cook, Edward Jones, John I. Clark, Joseph Nightingale, 
Lydia Clark, Betsey Nightingale, John Mumford Ju r , Thomas Jenkins, 



NEWARK I47 

Mary Jenkins, Mary Jenkins Ju r , Matthew Jenkins, Elisha Jenkins, 
Frederick Jenkins, Gilbert Jenkins, Thomas Jenkins Ju r , Elizabeth 
Jenkins, Lydia Jenkins, Nicholas Power, Joseph Rogers, John Rogers, 
William Rogers, Robert Rogers, William Thurber, William Wheaton, 
Joseph Parker, Caleb Wheaton, James Rhodes, Caleb- Teal, Ju r , Jabez 
Gorham, Joshua Salsbury, James Burr, Levi Hall, John Thurston, Ju r , 
Jeremiah Jones Jenkins, Robert Jenkins Thurston, John Holmes Thurs- 
ton, John Jenkins, William Creed, David Furguson, William Creed 
Ju r , George Creed, John Creed, Mary Creed, Elizabeth Creed, Mary 
Creed Ju r , John Moriarty, Thomas Moriarty, Welcome Arnold, Patience 
Arnold, Samuel Ward, Isaac Bartlet, Richard Ward, Thomas Arnold, 
Asa Arnold, Jonathan Arnold, Samuel Green Arnold, and Abigail 
Arnold; which Together with the five following Rights reserved to the 
several uses in manner following include the whole of said Tract or 
Township viz 1 ; one Right for the use of a Simenary or College; one Right 
for the use of County Grammer Schools in said State, Lands to the 
amount of one Right to be & remain for the purpose of Settlement of a 
minister, or Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands 
to the amount of one Right for the Support of the social Worship of God 
in said Township, And Lands to the amount of one Right for the Support 
of an English School or Schools in said Township, which said Two Rights 
for the use of a Simenary or College and for the use of County Grammer 
Schools as aforesaid, and the improvements rights, rents Intrest & 
Profits arising therefrom shall be under the Controul, order, direction 
and disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever; And the 
proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised & empowered to 
locate said Two rights justly and equitably or quantity for quality in 
such parts of said Township as they, or their Committee shall judge will 
least incommode the General settlement of said Tract or Township; 
And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered to locate the 
lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights assigned for the settlement 
of a minister and ministers, for their Support and for the use and Support 
of English Schools in such and in so many places as they or their Com- 
nittee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitents of said Town- 
ship when the same shall be fully settled and improved laying the Same 
equitably, or quantity for quality, which said Lands amounting to the 
three last mentioned Rights, when located as aforesaid, shall Together 
with their improvements Rights, Rents, Profits dues and Intrest re- 
main unalianably appropriated to the uses and purposes for which they 
are respectively assigned, and be under the charge, direction and dis- 
posal of the Inhabitents of said Township forever; Which said Tract of 
Land hereby given, & Granted, as aforesaid is bounded and discribed as 
follows viz 1 . Beginning, at the south, Westerly corner of East Haven, Then 
North, East in the northwest Line of East Haven to an angle thereof {sup- 
posed to be) about six miles, and Carrying that breadth back North, West 
so far as that a parallel Line with East Haven Northwest Line aforesaid 
will encompass the Contents of six miles square; And that the same be and 



I48 CHARTER RECORDS 

hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the name of Newark, and 
the Inhabitents That do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are 
declared to be Infranchised & Intitled to all the Priviledges and Im- 
munities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do and 
ought by the Law & Constitution of this State to exercise and enjoy. 

To Have, and to Hold, The said granted Premises as above ex- 
pressed, with all the priviledges and appurtenences thereto belonging & 
appertaining unto them and their respective heirs and assigns forever 
upon the following conditions & Reservations viz: That each Proprietor 
in the Township of Newark aforesaid His heirs or assigns, shall plant 
and Cultivate five acres of Land, and build an House at least 18 feet 
square on the floor, or have one family Settled on each Respective Right, 
within the Term of three years, next after the circumstances of the War, 
will admit of a Settlement with Safety, on penalty of the forfeiture of 
each respective right of Land in said Township not so improved or 
Settled, and the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by 
their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle 
and Cultivate the Same. That all Pine Timber be reserved for the 
use & benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony, whereof, I 
have hereunto set my hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed in Council, this 15 th day of August A. D. 1781. And in the 5 th 
year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency s Command. 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



[CHARTER OF NORFOLK] 

Norfolk ^he Governor Council and General Assembly of the 
< — " — > Freemen of the State of Vermont 



\ J To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye that Whereas Bezaleel Woodward Esquire and his 
Associates our worthy friends have represented that there is a Gore or 
tract of Land in the northeasterly Corner of this State which hath not 
been heretofore granted and which they pray may be granted to them. — 
We have therefore thought fit for valuable Considerations us hereunto 
moving And Do by these presents in the name and by the Authority of 
the freemen of the State of Vermont give and grant unto the said Bezaleel 
Woodward Esq r and the several Persons herein after named his Asso- 
ciates (viz 1 ) Mary Woodward the wife of the said Bezaleel Woodward 



NORFOLK — NORTHFIELD I49 

Esq r Peter Olcott Esq r , Paul Spooner Esq r , Samuel Safford Esq r , John 
Strong Esq r , Elisha Henman, Timothy Andrus, Phinehas Andrus, Abra- 
ham Pettibone, John Knickerbacker and Joseph Safford the following 
tract or parcel of Land lying and being in the north-easterly part of 
said State (viz 1 ) that tract which is bounded southwesterly by Canaan (the 
Charter of which bears date the twenty fifth day of February current) South- 
easterly by Connecticut River and north by the 45 th degree of north latitude 
and containing the whole Parcel of Land within said Boundaries to be 
known and distinguished by the name of — Norfolk. And the Inhabi- 
tants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Tract of Land are hereby 
declared to be erected into a Township and enfranchised and entitled 
to all the Priviledges and Immunities that other towns within this State 
do by Law exercise and enjoy To have and to hold the said granted 
Premises as above described and all the Privilidges and Appurtenances 
thereunto belonging to the persons above named their respective Heirs 
and Assigns forever in equal Shares as Tenants in Common and not as 
Jointenants. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of said State to be 
hereunto affixed this twenty seventh day of February in the fifth Year 
of the independence of this State and in the Year of our Lord one thou- 
sand seven hundred and eighty two. 

Tko 9 . Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command 
Micah Townsend Secry. 



THE CHARTER OF NORTHFIELD 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of Rep- 
-> resentatives of the freemen of vermont 



{ - } 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting 



Know ye, that whereas it has been Represented to us by our 
worthy Friends Major Joel Mathews and Company, to the number of 
sixty five, that there is a Tract of Vacant Lands within this State, which 
has not heretofore been Granted, which they Pray may be granted to 
them, We, have therefore Thought fit for the due encouragement of 
Settling a new plantation within this State, and other valuable Con- 
siderations us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents in the name 
and by the authory of the Freemen of Vermont, give and Grant unto 
the said Major Joel Matthews and the Several persons hereafter Named 



I50 CHARTER RECORDS 

his associates viz 1 Captain William Gallup, Michael Flin, Oliver Wil- 
liams, Amos Bicknal, Benjamin Cox, Zebulon Lyon, Timothy Grow, 
Benjamin Emmons, Steel Smith, Samuel Smith, Samuel Pattrick, Zebina 
Curtis, Elias Taylor, Ebenezer Smith, John Smith, Elisha Smith, Ed- 
ward Hazen, John W. Dana, Zebulon Lee, Sylvester Smith, James Cady, 
Joel English, Resolved Sessions, Edmond Hodges, Abel Emmons, 
Thomas Chittenden, Joseph Parkhurst, Calvin Parkhurst, Moses Kim- 
bal, Paul Spooner, Ammasa Spooner, Jeremiah Richardson, Daniel 
Gilbert, Amos Robinson, Elias Thomas, Ebenezer Miller, Barnabas 
Strong, John Throop, Beriah Green, Joseph Kimbal, George Denison, 
Oliver Gallup, John Payne of (Pom/ret) Amasa Payne, Elijah Payne, Jacob 
Clark, Abida Smith, Barkus Green, Elisha Smith, B. A. David Fuller, 
William Gallup Ju r Jesse Safford, Thomas Lowton, Wyllys Hall, Samuel 
Matthews, Benj a Burtch, Oliver Taylor, John Sergeants, Phinehas 
Williams, Shubal Child, Ebenezer Parkhurst, William Andrews, Perias 
Gallup, & James Andrews; Together with five equal Shares or Rights 
to be appropriated to the public uses following viz 1 one Share or right 
for the use of a Seminary or College within this State, one Share or 
Right for the use of the County Grammer Schools throughout this 
State, One Share or Right for the first Settled Minister of the Gospel in 
said Township to be disposed of for that purpose as the Inhabitents 
thereof shall direct, one right for the Support of the Ministry, one share 
or right for the Beniflt and Support of a School or Schools within said 
Township, the following Tract or parcel of Land, Beginning, at the 
North and most westerly Angle of WilliamsTozvn, then south 30 D° West in 
the line of Williamston, about six Miles to an angle thereof, Then North 
61 D° west in the line of Lands heretofore Granted six miles, Then Northerly 
to the southwesterly corner of Berlin, Then Easterly in the line of Berlin. 
to an angle thereof, then southerly to the bounds Began at; Provided that it 
be not before intersected. And that the same be and is hereby incorporated 
into a Township by the name of Northfield. and the Inhabitents that 
do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township, are declared to be infran- 
chised and Intitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that other 
Towns within this State do by Law exercise and Enjoy. To Have & 
to Hold the said granted Premises as above expressed, with all the Privi- 
ledges and Appurtenences thereunto belonging, to them & their re- 
spective Heirs and assigns forever, under the following Conditions and 
Reservations viz 1 . That each Proprietor of said Township of Northfield 
his heirs or assigns, Shall plant & Cultivate five acres of Land & build a 
house at least Eighteen feet Square on the floor, or have one family 
Settled on Each respective share or right of Land in S d Township within 
the Term of three years next after the circumstances of the War will 
admit of it with Safety on pain of the forfeiture of his respective right 
or share of Land in said Township, & the same to revert to the freemen 
of this State, to be by their Representatives regranted to Such persons as 
shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the Same: That all Pine Timber 
suitable for a Navy shall be reserved to & for the use and Benifit of the 



, 









NORTON 151 

Freemen of this State, In Testimony whereof We, have caused the 
Seal of this State to be hereunto affixed the 10 th day of August in the 
year of our Lord 1781 in the 5 year of the Independence of this State & 
sixth of the United States. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 9 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF NORTON 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

To all people to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas our worthy frends Timothy Andrus & 
company have by petition requested a Grant of a Tract of unappro- 
priated Lands within this State, for the purpose of settling a new planta- 
tion to be erected into a Township, We have therefore thought fit for the 
due encouragement of their laudable designs & for other valuable 
causes & considerations us hereunto moving, & do by these presents in 
the name & by the authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont, 
give & grant the Tract of Land hereafter described & bounded unto him 
the said Timothy Andrus & the several persons hereafter named his 
Associates in equal Shares viz 1 Jedediah Norton, Achsah Norton, Ben- 
jamin Davis, Jedediah Norton Ju r Elizabeth Norton, Isaiah Thompson, 
Lydia Thompson, Cyrus Thompson, William Thompson, George C, E, 
Thompson, Polley Thompson, Harriet Thomson, Asa Upson Jun r , Ruth 
Upson, Austin Upson, John Wilcox 2 d , Eunice Willcox, Seth Wilcox, 
Datham Wilcox, John Wilcox 3 d , Abraham Wright, Rebecca Wright, 
Jedediah N Wright, Samuel Wright, Polley Wright, William Wright, 
Sally Wright, Eunice Wilcox 2 d , Sarah Tilden, Elizabeth Tilden, Achsah 
Tilden, John Mansfield, Stephen Day, Aaron Austin, Obadiah Hotch- 
kiss, David Daggitt, Asa Bray, Uriah Holmes, Jonas Prentice Jun r 
Hezekiah Sabins Jun r Henry Daggitt Jun r Peter Dewit, Seth Turner, 
Jacob Thompson, Edward Carrington, Eliphalet Buckley, Peter Wood- 
ward, Simeon Bristol, John R. Throop, Uriah Tracy, Jonathan Tuttle, 
Aaron Eliot, Eleazer Goodrich, Jonas Prentice, Richard Cutler, Enos 
Munson Jun r John Russell, George A. Bristol, & Isaac Davis, Together 
with the five following Rights or equal Shares reserved to the several 
public uses in manner following viz 1 , One full Right or equal Share for 



152 CHARTER RECORDS 

the use & benefit of a College within this State, One full Right or Share 
for the use of County Grammar Schools throughout this State, One 
Right or share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Town- 
ship One full Share for the use benefit & support of the social worship of 
God in said Township, to be disposed of for that purpose, as the inhabi- 
tants of said Township shall from time to time agree, One full Share 
for the use & support of an English School or Schools in said Township 
forever, Which Tract of Land hereby given & granted as aforesaid is 
bounded & described as follows viz* 1 Beginning at a Stake iff Sto?ies 
10 Links North 55 D° East from a Spruce tree in the East line of N° 4 
marked N° 5 N° 6 & running North 17 D° Eaitfour Miles 25 Chains £sf 28 
links to a small spruce standing in the province Line Marked N° 4 N° 6, 
Then South 82 D°, Si? 20 Minutes East Nine Miles £5 three quarters to a 
Stake iy Stones *8 Links, S, 40 D° West from a birch Tree Marked N° 6 7 
1785, Then South 40 D° West in the line of Averil 5 Miles to a Spruce 
Tree marked N° 5, N° 6, Then North 82 D° c d 20 Minutes West to the 
bounds began at containing Twenty three thousand t? forty Acres — And 
that the same be & hereby is incorporated into a Township by the 
Name Norton, and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit 
said Township are declared to be infranchised & entitled to all the priv- 
iledges & immunities which the inhabitants of other Towns within this 
State do & ought by the Laws & constitution thereof to exercise & 
enjoy — 

To have & to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges & appurtenences thereunto belonging or apper- 
taining unto them & their respective heirs & assigns forever, Upon the 
following Conditions & Reservations viz 1 . That each Proprietor in the 
Township of Norton, afores d his heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate 
five Acres of Land & build a house at least Eighteen feet square on the 
floor, or have one family settled on each respective Right or Share of 
Land within the Term of four Years from the time the outlines of said 
Township, is known & Established according to Law, on penalty of the 
forfeiture of each respective Right or Share of Land in said Township 
not so settled & improved as afores d & the same to revert to the freemen 
of this State to be by their representatives, regranted to such persons as 
shall appear to settle & cultivate the same — In Testimony whereof we 
have caused the seal of this State to be affixed in council this 26 th day of 
October 1779 in the third year of our independence — 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excel y8 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



ORANGE I53 

THE CHARTER OF ORANGE 

» The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 

f T c \ Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

' ' To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye, that whereas, Amos Robinson Esq r and Captain 
Ebenezer Green, and their associates our worthy Friends, have by 
Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated lands within 
this State in order for Settling a New Plantation to be erected into a 
Township, We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of 
Settling a New Plantation and for other valuable considerations us 
hereunto moving, and do by these Presents in the name & by the Au- 
thority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give & Grant the Tract 
of Land hereafter discribed & bounded unto them the said Amos Robin- 
son & Ebenezer Green, & the Several persons hereafter Named their 
associates viz 1 Nathaniel Babbit, Daniel Pinco, Solomon Strong, Arte- 
mas Robinson, Eliezer Robinson, Mitchel Clark, Jehiel Robins, Isaac 
Babbit, Noah Hopkins, Amos Robinson Ju r Daniel Robinson, William 
Wakefield, Joel Marsh, (Sharon), Daniel Babbit, Asa Babbit, Strong 
Birch, Oliver Taylor, Jedediah Strong, Bartholomew Durkee, Elkanah 
Sprague, Samuel Webster, Thomas Freemen Ju r , David Davis, David 
Bissel Ju r , Simeon B. Bissel, Nathan Leonard, Isaiah Thomas, Asa 
Taylor, David Bissel, Thomas Chittenden, Moses Robinson, Jeremiah 
Clark, Mathew Lyon, Jonathan Chase, John Porter, John Griswould, 
Timothy Bask, John Bush, Paul Brigham, Ebenezer Brewer, Nathaniel 
Seaver, Thomas Bingham, Samuel Sprague, Noah Payne, Ebenezer 
Brewster, Nathan Peters, John Hibbard, Thomas Payne, Elias Porter, 
Isaiah Potter, Noah Payne Ju r , Jothem W'hite, Jothem White Ju r , 
Elisha White, Elisha White Ju r , Solomon White, Peter Grant, Benjamin 
Grant, William Conant, John Chamberlain, John Lyman, Samuel 
Payne, £«f David Preston, which Together with the five following Rights 
jtpAj) or equal shares reserved to the several uses in manner following, include 
~ the whole of said Tract or Township viz 1 Read. Which Tract of Land 

The hereby Given & Granted as aforesaid is bounded & discribed as follows 
of Riptovm vlzt Begining at the Northwesterly Corner of Topsham, Then Southerly 
which is in * n the line of Topsham, about six Miles to an angle thereof, Then carrying 
the same that Breadth Back North tf D° West so far that a Line being extended 
words with parallel with the westerly Line of Topsham across said Breadth will contain 
disposing ^ or com P re hend) the Contents of six miles square, And that the same be 
of the an d hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the name of Orange 
5 publi'r and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township 
Rights are declared to be infranchised and Intitled to all the Privileges and 
Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do & 
ought by the Laws and Constitution of this State to exercise and enjoy. 
To Have and to Hold, the said Granted Premises as above expressed, 



154 CHARTER RECORDS 

with all the Privileges and appurtenences thereto belonging & apper- 
taining in equal Shares unto them and their respective Heirs and assigns 
forever, upon the following Conditions and Reservations Viz 1 , That 
each Proprietor in the Township of Orange aforesaid His Heirs or assigns 
shall plant and Cultivate 5 acres of Land and build an house at least 
Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one family Settled on Each 
Respective R ght within the Term of three years next after the Cir- 
cumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement with Safety on 
penalty of the Forfeiture of each Respective Right or share of Land in 
said Township not so improved or Settled and the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to Such 
persons as shall appear to Settle and cultivate the same, Thall Pine 
Timber suitable for a navy be reserved for the use & Benint of the 
Freemen of this State, In Testimony, whereof we have hereunto caused 
the Seal of this State to be affixed this Eleventh day of August AD 1781, 
and in the 5 year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency Command 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



[PARKER'S GORE] 

A Charter of three Thousand Acres of Land granted Jonathan Parker 

Jun Esq r 

The People of the State of Vermont by the Grace of 
God Free and Independent 

To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye that we have given granted and Confirmed and by these 
presents Do give Grant and Confirm unto Jonathan Parker Jun. Esq' of 
Clarendon in the County of Rutland in the State of Vermont one Cer- 
tain Tract of Parcel of Land and Bounded as follows Beginning at a 
Hemlock Tree Standing in the Northeasterly Corner of Shrewsbury 15 
running North seventeen Degrees east seventy Two Chains by Salt ash to a 
Birch Tree in the Northeasterly Corner the? eof, thence South thirty eight 
Degree* east four Miles by Medway to a Spruce Tree in the North Line of 
Shrewsbury Thence South eighty five Degrees east in said North Line [of 
Shrewsbury to the bounds began at Containing three Thousand Acresfof 
Land with all & Singular the rights Hereditaments & Appurtenances 
to the same belonging or in any wise Appertaining excepting and re- 



155 

serving to ourselves all gold and Silver Mines to Have & to Hold the 
above Described and granted premises unto the said Jonathan Parker 
Jun Esq r His Heirs and Assigns as a good Indefeasible estate of In- 
heritance forever On Condition Nevertheless that within the Term 
of seven years to be Computed from the first Day of January next en- 
suing the Date hereof there shall be one actual settlement made for 
every six hundred and Forty acres of the said Tract of Land hereby 
granted Otherwise these our Letters Patent & the Estate hereby granted 
shall cease & Determine and become Void — In Testimony whereof, we 
have caused these our Letters to be made Patent & the great Seal of our 
said State to be hereunto affixed — Witness our Trusty & well beloved 
Thomas Chittenden Esquire Governor of our said State and Commander 
in Cheif of all the Militia of the same at Rutland this fourth Day of 
November AD 1796 & in the Twentieth year of our Independence. 
By His Excellencys 

Command Thomas Chittenden 

Truman Squier 
Secretary 



{,,} 



[CHARTER OF PARKER'S GORE CONFIRMED] 

The People of the State of Vermont 
To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 



Horace Eaton 

Whereas the Legislature of the State of Vermont by an act passed 
on the 20 th day of October AD 1846, and approved on the 21 st day of 
October AD 1846, confirmed to the grantees of Jonathan Parker and to 
the grantees of his administrators all that tract of land known by the 
name of "Parkers Gore" lying between Bridgewater and Sherburne and 
directed the Governor to issue a charter conveying said tract of land to 
whomsoever may now have a regular legal conveyance of the same 
from the said Parker or from his administrator. 

Now know ye that in obedience to the said act I have given granted 
and confirmed and by these presents do give grant and confirm unto 
whosoever may now have a regular legal conveyance of the same from 
the said Jonathan Parker or from his heirs or administrators all that 
tract of land known by the name of "Parkers Gore" lying between 
Bridgewater and Sherburne with all the rights hereditaments and ap- 
purtenances to the same belonging or in any way appertaining. 



I56 CHARTER RECORDS 

To have and to hold the above described and granted premises 
to the above described grantees in severalty to the extent of their 
respective claims under conveyances as aforesaid to them and each of 
their heirs and assigns as a good indefeasible estate of inheritance 
forever — Provided that nothing contained in this conveyance shall be 
construed as creating or recognizing any liability whatever on the part 
of the state to the heirs representatives or assigns of the said Parker or 
any other person to secure or defend the title or possession of the land 
mentioned in this act. 

In Testimony whereof I have caused the seal of this state to be here- 
unto affixed this 28 th day of October AD 1846. 
By the Governor, 
Frederick Billings 

Secretary — Recorded October 29 th AD 1846 

J. McM. Shafter 

Secretary of State. 



THE CHARTER OF A GORE GRANTED TO THOMAS PEARSALL 

The People of the State of Vermont, by the grace of 
God free & independent 

To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting; 

Know Ye, that we have given, granted & confirmed & by these presents 
do give grant & confirm unto Thomas Pearsall of theCityof New York 
Merchant, The Tract of Land bounded & described as follows, Be- 
ginning at the most westerly corner of Victory, being a spruce Tree marked 
Victory west corner 1786, & running South 28 D° 13 27 [minutes]* East 
four miles & 15 Chains to a hemlock Tree, marked east corner of Hopkin- 
tonia, Thence South 45 D°West, three Miles £5 ten Chains to a Spruce Tree 
marked, standing in the We it line of Concord, Then North 64 D° £ff 51 
Minutes East in said West line of Concord, to the Northwesterly corner 
thereof, being a beech Tree marked Lunenburgh, West corner 1786, Then 
South 6q D° West 78 Chains to the South corner of Victory being a hemlock 
stadle, standing 25 links southwest from a great hemlock Tree, marked 
victory South corner 1786, Then North 43 D° West in the southerly line of 
said Victory, five Miles and 43 Chains to the bounds begun at, containing 
three thousand Nine hundted £<f thirty six Acres — Together with all & 



^ *The inference is unavoidable that the word "minutes bracketed above has been 
omitted from the original record in [Ms.] Vermont Charters, pages 299 and 300, a second 
record of this charter on pages 362 and 363 of the same Volume contains this word. 



PEARSALL S GORE PHILADELPHIA 



157 



singular the rights, hereditaments, & appurtenences, to the same belong- 
ing, or in any wise appertaining; excepting & reserving to ourselves all 
gold & silver Mines & five acres of every hundred acres of the said 
Tract of Land for highways, To have & to hold the above described 6c 
granted premises unto the said Thomas Pearsall, his heirs & assigns, as 
a good & indefeasible estate of inheritance, forever, On Condition 
nevertheless, That within the term of seven years to be computed from 
the first day of January Next ensuing the date hereof, There shall be 
one actual settlement made on the said Tract of Land hereby granted to 
every three hundred acres, Otherwise these our Letters patent, & the 
Estate hereby granted shall, cease, determine & become void. In 
Testimony whereof we have caused these our Letters to be made 
patent, and the great Seal of our said State to be hereunto affixed. 
Witness our well beloved & trusty Thomas Chittenden Esquire, 
Governor of our said State, general & commander in chief of all the 
Militia of the Same, at Bennington this 27 th day of January in the year 
of our Lord one thousand and seven hundred & Ninety one & the 15th 
Year of our independence. 

Passed the Secretary 9 Office the 27 th day of January 1791 — 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF PHILADELPHIA 



R 

Joel, 

Smith, 

Pelatiah 

Morgon, 

Thos. 

'Keeler 2d 

Adjoniah 

Hinman 

The above 
are Pro- 
prietors 

Attest 
J. Fay 



The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



{l.,} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye, That whereas Lieutenant Samuel Beach and his associates, 
our worthy Friends have by Petition requested a grant of Tract of Land 
within this State, in order for settling a new plantation to be Erected 
into a Township: We Have therefore thought Fit for the due en- 
couragement of their Laudable designs, and for other valuable con- 
siderations us hereunto moving: And do by these presents, in the name 
and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont give and 
grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and bounded, unto him the 
said Samuel Beach and the several persons hereafter named his asso- 
ciates in equal shares viz; Thomas Keeler, R Ebenezer Keeler, Seth 
Keeler Jun r , John Strong, Jemima Payne, John Clark, Geashom Beach, 
2 d , Silas Keeler, Ebenezer Beach, Alexander Barr, Andrew Richardson, 






. 












I58 CHARTER RECORDS 

Silas Whitney, David Whitney, Asa Edmund Joseph Edmund, William 
Horsford, Joseph Smith, Daniel Collins, Elijah Brown, Elisha Adams, 
Solomon Hill, Joseph Converse, Moses Stone, Silas Whitney Ju r , Oliver 
Whitney, Daniel Lake, Samuel Bigelow, Daniel Lake Ju r , Enos Lake, 
Thadeus Fitch, Christopher Whitney, Ebenezer Gurnsey, Benjamin 
Cooley, William Clark, Libeus Johnson, John Hopson Johnson, Jabish 
Edgerton, Solomon Cutler, Nathaniel Cutler Ju r , Benjamin Cutler, Amos 
Cutler, Eleazer Dudley. Uriah Hanks, Jonas Huntington, Luther 
Spencer, Gad Taylor, John Barret, Enoch Fisk, Abner Derwin, James 
Everts, Jeremiah Clark, Joseph Fay, John Dagget, Daniel Kinsley, 
Roswell Hopkins, Moses Robinson, John Moor, Lemuel Stewart, James 
Savage, & James Carpenter; which together with the five following 
Rights or equal Shares reserved to the several public uses in manner 
following include the whole of said tract or Township viz. one Right 
for the use of a Simenary or College; One Right for the use of County 
Grammar Schools in said State, Lands to the amount of one Right to be 
and Remain for the purpose of Settlement of a Minister or Ministers 
of the Gospel in said Township. Lands to the amount of one Right for 
the Support of the Social worship of God in said Township, And Lands 
to the amount of one Right for the use and Support of an English 
School or Schools in said Township; which said Two Rights for the use 
of a Simenary or College <Sc for the use of County Grammar Schools as 
aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents Intrest and profits arising 
therefrom, shall be under the Controul, order, direction and disposal, 
of the General Assembly, of said State forever, and the Proprietors of said 
Township , are hereby Authorised and empowered to locate said Two 
Rights justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in such parts of 
said Township as they or their Committee shall jud[g]e will least in- 
commode the General Settlement of said tract or Township. And the 
said Proprietors are further empowered, to locate the Lands aforesaid 
amounting to three rights assigned for the Settlement of a Minister or 
Ministers for their Support, and for the use and Support of English 
Schools in such, and in so many places as they or their Committee shall 
judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said Township when the 
same shall be fully settled & improved, laying the same equitably, or quan- 
tity for quality, which said Lands amounting to the three Rights last 
mentioned when located as aforesaid, shall together with their Improve- 
ments, Rights, Rents, profits, dues & Intreste, remain unalienably 
appropriated to the uses & purposes for which they are respectively 
assigned, and be under the charge, direction, and disposal of the Inhabi- 
tants of said Township forever, Which tract of Land hereby given & 
Granted as aforesaid is bounded and discribed as follows viz 1 . "Be- 
gining at a small Beach Saplin which is the northwest corner of Chitten- 
den, then north seventy D° East with the northerly line of Chittenden five 
miles and fifty three chains to a small Birch Saplin which is the North East 
corner of Chittenden: from thence North five deg s East six miles to a small 
Beach Saplin marked & monumented with a heap of Stones, and marked 



PITTSFIELD 159 

with P C: From thence North Eighty five degr 3 west about six miles to the 
northeast Corner of Neshobe, Then on the East line of Neshobe to the first 
Bounds" And that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a 
Township by the.name of Philadelphia. And the Inhabitents that do 
or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are declared to be infranchised 
and Intitled to all the Privileges and Immunities that the Inhabitants 
of other Towns within this State, do, and ought by the Laws and Con- 
stitution of this State to exercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold, 
the said Granted premises as above expressed, with all the privileges and 
appurtenences thereto belonging and appertaining unto them and their 
respective Heirs & assigns forever upon the following conditions & 
Reservations viz fc ; That each Proprietor in the said Township of Phil- 
adelphia his hirs or assigns, shall plant and cultivate five acres of Land, 
and build an House at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one 
family settled on each respective Right, within the Term of three years 
next after the circumstances of the present War will admit of a settle- 
ment with Safety, on Penalty of the forfieture of each respective Right 
or share of Land in said Township not so improved or Settled, and the 
Same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their Representa- 
tives regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate 
the same; That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the 
use and benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof we 
have caused the seal of this State to be affixed in Council this sixteenth 
day of March, in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven hundred & 
Eighty. & in the fourth year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command. 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF PITTSFIELD 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
* — * — - Freemen of Vermont. 

( LS 1 

\ / To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know ye, that whereas Messieurs Samuel Willcox, Daniel Kinne 
and Josiah Wright, and their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by 
Petition, requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land within 
this State, in order for settling a new-Plantation, to be erected into a 
Township: We have therefore tho* fit, for the due encouragement 



l6o CHARTER RECORDS 

of their laudable Designs, and for other valuable considerations us here- 
unto moving; And Do, by these Presents, in the name, and by the Author- 
ity of the Freemen of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land here- 
after described and "bounded, unto the said Samuel Willcox, Daniel 
Kinne, Josiah Wright, and their Associates, viz c ; Jeremiah Cady, 
Zebulon Norton, Asa Whitcomb, Ezra Norton, Benjamin Sawyer Jun r , 
John Norton, James Goodrich, Josiah Wright Jun r , John Wright, 
Jason Robbins, Joshua Robbins, Enoch Wright, Grove Wright, William 
Brattle, James Brattle, Joseph Durkee, Stephen Holt, Abiel Holt, 
Daniel Kimbal, William Martin Jun r , Woodbridge Belcher, Warren 
Cady, John Cady, Ambrose Norton, William Norton, Nathan Chitten- 
den, Dorothy Martin, Nathaniel Rawson, Charles Button, Stephen 
Morse, Israel Frink, Ephraim Sawyer, Nathan Watkins, Ephraim 
Sawyer Jun r , Josiah Sawyer, John Lessuer, Ebenezer Bacon, Ebenezer 
Pierce, Stephen Tracy, Jeremiah Smith, Jonathan Smith Jun r , Stephen 
Carpenter, Daniel Morse Jun r , Nathaniel Mason, Asa Roper, Samuel 
Lessuer, Joseph Bennett, William Clark, William Clark Jun r , Mark 
Watkins. Samuel Willcox Jun r , Nathaniel Morey, Daniel Brown, Ben- 
jamin Sawyer 2 nd , Joshua Whitney, Ephraim Whitcomb, Joseph Lessuer 
Abraham Norton, Samuel Belcher, Silas Winchester, Andrew Belcher, 
Eliezur Burnham, Ebenezer Couch, John Barber, Benjamin Sawyer, 
Jared Smith, Timothy Meach, Russell Kellogg, John Baker, Peabody 
Kinne, Enoch Clark, Elijah Clark, Nathaniel Wright, Perez Graves, 
Elnathan Graves, John James, Jacob Kinne, Christopher Minor, 
Lyman Kinne, Ephraim Minor, David Stoddard, Obadiah Dickenson 
Jun r , Israel Chapin, Henry Champion Jun r , Edward Convers, Elisha 
Brown, Joseph Mason, James Russell, Joel Holton, Wales Cheney, 
John Norton Jun r , Calvin Burt Belcher, Samuel Winchester, Abigail 
Belcher, Charles Goodrich, Charles Goodrich Jun r , Jacob Ward, Josiah 
Ward, James Barber, Eliphalet Huntington, Seth Minor, Joseph 
Huntington, Joseph Huntington Jun r , Joseph Strong, Noah Edwards, 
Israel Stoddard, Thomas May, Solomon Stoddard, Luther Johnson. 
Joshua Johnson, Solomon Stoddard Jun r , David Parsons, Obadiah 
JDickinson, -Elihu Dickenson, Solomon Williams, John Stoddard, Epa- 
phroditus Champion, Henry Champion, Elijah Wait, Abel Willcox, 
James Sims, Elisha White, David Osgood, Ephraim Whitcomb Jun r , Levi 
Pierce, Nathan Norton, and Benjamin Winchester. Which, together 
with the Ten following One Hundred and Fortieth Parts of said Land, 
reserved to the several uses in manner following, include the whole of 
said Township, viz 1 Two 140 th Parts for the use of a Seminary or Col- 
ledge; Two 140 th Parts for the use of County Grammar Schools in said 
State; Lands, to the amount of two 140 th Parts to be and remain for the 
Purpose of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said 
Township; Lands, to the amount of Two 140 th Parts, for the Support 
of the social worship of God in said Township; and Lands, to the 
amount of two 140 th Parts, for the support of an English School or 
Schools in said Township: which said four 140 th Parts, for the use of a 



PITTSFIELD l6l 

Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County Grammar Schools as 
aforesaid; and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, and Profits arising 
therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, Direction and Disposal 
of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the Proprietors of 
said Township are hereby authorised and empowered to locate said four 
140 th Parts, justly and equitably, or Quantity for Quality, in such Parts 
of said Township as they or their Committee shall judge will least in- 
commode the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the 
said Proprietors are hereby further empowered to locate the Lands afore- 
said, amounting to six 140 th Parts, assigned for the Settlement of a 
Minister and Ministers; for their Support; and for the use and support 
of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places as they or their Com- 
mittee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said Town- 
ship, when the same shall be fully settled and improved, laying the same 
equitably, or Quantity for Quality. Which said Lands, amounting to 
the six 140 th Parts last mentioned, when located as aforesaid, shall, 
together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits Dues, and In- 
terests, remain unalienably appropriated for the uses and purposes for 
which they are respectively assigned, and be under the Charge, Direction 
and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. Which 
Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, is bounded and 
described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the north westerly Corner of 
Stockbridge; then Southerly in the westerly Line of Stockbridge (about 
Seven miles and an Half) to the Southwest Corner thereof] then South 
westerly to the South Easterly Corner of Chittenden, then Northerly in the 
Easterly Lines of Chittenden and Philadelphia, or continuing the last 
Course, until a Line being extended from the said Noith westerly Corner of 
Stockbridge, North Sixty one Degrees West, will intersect the aforesaid last 
Course." And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a 
Township, by the name of Pittsfield. And the Inhabitants that do, 
or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised, 
and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants 
of other Towns within this State do, and ought, by Law and Consti- 
tution, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said granted 
Premises, as above expressed, in equal Shares, that is to say; one 140 th 
Part of said Township to each Proprietor, with all the Priviledges and 
Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, to them and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever: upon the following Conditions and 
Reservations, viz 1 ; Thar each Proprietor of the Township of Pittsfield 
aforesaid, His Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of 
Land, or, build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, 
or have one Family settled on each respective Share, or 140 th Part of 
said Township, within the Term of Three Years next after the circum- 
stances of the war will admit of a Settlement with Safety; on Penalty 
of the Forfeiture of each Share, or 140 th part of the Land in said Town- 
ship, not so improved, or settled; and the same to revert to the Freemen 
of this State, to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such Persons 



l62 CHARTER RECORDS 

as shall appear, to settle and cultivate the same. 

That all Pine-Timber, suitable for a Navy, be reserved, for the use and 

Benefit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my Hand, and caused 
the Seal of this State to be affixed, this 29 th Day of July, Anno Dommini 
1781. And in the 5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho s Tolman Dep y Secr y . 



THE CHARTER OF RANDOLPH 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas it has been represented to us by our worthy 
friends Capt n Aaron Stores and company to the number of seventy one 
that there is a vacant Tract of Land within this State which has not 
heretofore been granted which they pray may be granted to them. We 
have therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of settling a new 
plantation within this State and other valuable considerations us here- 
unto moving, And do by these Presents in the name and by the authority 
of the Freemen of Vermont give & grant unto the said Aaron_ Stores & 
the several Persons hereafter named his associates viz 1 . "TKomas Eddy, 
James Blodget, David Woodward, Asahel Woodward, Elijah Pember, 
Jehiel Woodward, Joseph Kneeland, Stephen Boroughs, Henry Blodget, 
James Blodget, Jun r Henry Walbridge, Dan Parker, Silas Adams, Moses 
Belknap, Joshua Hendee, Jonathan Wales, Ezra Edgerton, John Payne, 
Lemuel Payne, Barnabas Perkins, Huekens Stores, Huekens Storrs 
Jun r Caleb Clark, Barnabas Haskill. David Hedges, Samuel Richardson, 
Benjamin Biggsbee, Joseph Green, Stephen Bond, Joel Kilburn, John 
Lasel, John Mandevilles William Lewis, John Goodrich, Stephen Fisk, 
Abraham Wallace, Asa Edgerton, Zebulon Lathrop J r Eliazer Hunting- 
ton, Israel Converse, Bildad Kibbee, Ariel Edgerton, John Woodward, 
Zebulon Hibba'rd Jun r Dyar Hibbard, Caleb Clark Jun r , Edmund Shat- 
tuck, Noadiah Bissel, John House, Joseph Griswold, James Steel, Zadock 
Steel, James McKinney Jun r Andrew McKinney, Moses Vincent, Zenas 
Alden, Oliver Pinney, Eperience Storrs, Elijah House, Bela Turner, John 
Throop Esq r Eperience Davis, Samuel Benedict, William Evans, Ti- 
mothy Miles, Bezaleel Woodward, Elisha Burton, Elihu Hyde, Jeremiah 



RANDOLPH 163 

Griswold & Samuel Steel, together with five equal shares or rights to be 
appropriated to the public uses following viz 1 One Share or right for the 
use of a seminary or College within this State, One Share or right for the 
county grammar Schools throughout this State, One Share or right for 
the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township to be disposed 
of for that purpose as the inhabitants thereof shall direct, One share 
or right for the support of the ministry, One right or share for the benefit 
& support of the school or Schools within said Township, The following 
tract or Parcel of Land Beginning at the northwest corner of Tunbridge, 
Then north sixty one degrees zvest six Miles, then south thirty six degrees 
west about six Miles & an half to the Northwest corner of Bethel Then south 
sixty one degrees East to the northeast corner of Bethel, then Northerly 
to the southeast corner of said Tunbridge Then North thirty six degrees 
East six Miles in the li?ie of said Tunbridge to the bounds began at, And 
that the same be and is hereby incorporated into a Township by the 
name of Randolph and the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter in- 
habit said Township are declared to be enfranchised and entitled to all 
the priviledges & immunities that other Towns within this State do by 
Law exercise and enjoy. To Have & to Hold the said granted premises 
as above expressed with all the privileges & appurtenances thereunto 
belonging to them and their respective heirs and assigns forever under 
the following conditions & reservations viz'. That each Proprietor of 
said Township of Randolph, his Heirs and Assigns shall plant and cul- 
tivate five Acres of Land and build a house at least eighteen feet square 
on the floor, or have one family settled on each respective share or right 
of Land in said Township, within the term of four years next after the 
circumstances of the wars will admit of it with safety on the pain of for- 
feiture of his respective share or right of Land in said Township & the 
same to revert to the Freemen of this state to be by their representatives 
regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same, 
That all Pine Timber suitable for a navy shall be reserved to & for the 
use & benefit of the freemen of this State, In Testimony whereof we 
have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed hereunto the 29th day of 
June AD. 1781, in the fourth year of the-independance of this State & 
Fifth of the United States 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



164 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF RANDOM 

The Governor, Council, -and General Assembly of the 
, — — — , Freemen of Vermont. 



{„} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 



Know ye, that whereas Colonel Joseph Nightingale, and his Asso- 
ciates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of Land within this State of Six miles square, in order for settling 
a new-Plantation, to be erected into a Township. We have therefore 
tho* fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, and for 
other valuable Considerations us hereunto moving, And Do, by these 
Presents, in the Name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of Ver- 
mont, give and grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and bounded, 
unto the said Colonel Joseph Nightingale, and the several Persons here- 
after named, his Associates, viz 1 ; Nicholas Brown, John I. Clark, Joseph 
Brown, Elizabeth Brown, Mary Brown, Obadiah Brown, Samuel Chace, 
John Chace, Samuel Devenport, Jeremiah Jenckes, John Carlile, Thomas 
Carlile, Rhoda Brown, Rufus Hopkins, John Gibbs, Charles Cozens, 
William Morris, George Throop, William Barton, Oliver Jenckes, Isaac 
Bartlet, William Thayer, Ebenezer Floyd, Noah Mason, Elisha Brown, 
Robert Newell, Jabez Bowen, George Olney, Ephraim Bowen Jun r , 
Cyprian Sterry, William Russell, John Mumford Jun r , William Bowen, 
John Smith, Joshua Hacker, Samuel Nightingale Jun r , John Howland, 
Joseph Angell, Jeremiah F. Jenckins, Oliver Bowen, William Jones, 
William Corlis, William Peck, Nicholas Power, Rebeckah Power, 
Christopher Sheldon, Pardon Sheldon, William Holroyd, Thomas 
Bennet, Joseph Rogers, Martha Rogers, John Rogers, Elizabeth Rogers, 
Thomas Jenckins, Mary Jenckins, Mary Jenckins Jun r , Seth Jenckins, 
Benjamin Jenckins, Robert Folger, Matthew Barnard, Cotton Getston, 
Stephen Gardner, Charles Lee, and William Blodget; which, together 
with the five following Rights, reserved to the several Uses in manner 
following, include the whole of said Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the 
use of a Seminary or Colledge; one Right for the use of County Grammar 
Schools in said State; Lands to the amount of one Right, to be and re- 
main for the Purpose of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the 
Gospel in said Township forever; Lands to the amount of one Right, 
for the support of the social worship of God in s d Township; and Lands, 
to the amount of one Right, for the support of an English School or 
Schools in said Township. Which said two Rights; for the use of a 
Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County Grammar Schools as 
aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, and Profits arising 
therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, Direction and Disposal 
of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the Proprietors of 
said Township are hereby authorised and empowered to locate s d two 
Rights, justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in such Parts of 



RANDOM 165 

said Township, as they, or their Committee shall judge will least in- 
commode the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the 
said Proprietors are hereby further empowered, to locate the Lands 
aforesaid amounting to three Rights; assigned for the Settlement of a 
Minister and Ministers; for their Support; and for the use and Support 
of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places as they, or their 
Committee shall judge, will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said 
Township, when the same shall be fully settled and improved; laying 
the same equitably, or Quantity for Quality. Which said Lands, 
amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as afore- 
said, shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, 
Dues and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated, for the uses and 
Purposes for which they are respectively assigned; and be under the 
Charge, Direction, and Disposal of the Select-Men of said Township, 
in trust, to, and for the use of said Town forever. Which Tract of 
Land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, is bounded and described 
as follows, viz 1 
[Slip attached] N: B. These Bounds are on the files of 

Bounds by the Surveyor G. in the hands 

of Col° Fay, Secr y and are, 
forN°3i (Township) 

Let them be entered verbatim from the 

Surveyor General,* excepting where any 

of the following Numbers maybe used, 

in which case, instead of the Number, 

write the Town's Name, viz*; 
For N° 29 write East-Haven 

30 Newark 

32 Navy 

33 Caldersburgh 

so far as these Numbers maybe used in 

s d Bounds. 
And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, by 
the Name of Random. And the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter 
inhabit the said Township, are declared to be Infranchised, and entitled 
to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other 
Towns within this State do, and ought by the Laws and Constitution 
of this State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said 
granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the Priviledges and 
Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, to them, and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever: Upon the following Conditions and 

*State Papers of Vt. (Ms.) 1:92 

Bounds of Random (Brighton) 
Beginning at the Southwesterly Corner of Ferdinand, Then northeasterly in the North 
Westerly Line of Ferdinand to an angle thereof (supposed to be) about six Miles, & Carry- 
ing that Breadth back North west so far as that a Line being Extended from south west 
to Northeast across said Breadth will encompass the Contents of six miles square — 



l66 CHARTER RECORDS 

Reservations, viz' That each Proprietor of the Township of Random 
aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate five Acres of 
Land, and build an House at least eighteen Feet square on the Floor; 
or have one Family settled on each respective Right, within the Term of 
Four Years, next after the Circumstances of the war will admit of a 
Settlement with safety; on Penalty of the Forfeiture of each Right of 
Land in said Township, not so improved or settled, and the same to 
revert to the Freemen of this State; to be, by their Representatives, re- 
granted to such Persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. 
That all Pine Timber, suitable for a Navy, be reserved to the use and 
Benefit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof I have 
hereunto set my Hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, 
this Thirteenth Day of August, in the year of our Lord one Thousand 
seven Hundred and Eighty-one; and in the Fifth Year of the Indepen- 
dence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command, 
with Advice of Council, 
Tho. Tolman. Depy. Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF RICHFORD 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of Re- 
presentatives of the Freemen of Vermont. 
L.S. 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas it has been Represented to us by our 
Worthy Friends Jonathan Wells Esquire and Company to the Number 
Sixty That there is a Tract of Vacant Land within this State which 
has not been heretofore Granted which they pray may [be] Granted 
to them, We have therefore thot fit for the due incouragement of Settle- 
ing a New plantation within this State, and other Valuable considera- 
tions us hereunto moving, And do by these presents in the Name and 
by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont give and Grant 
unto the said Jonathan Wells Esq/ and the Several persons hereafter 
named his associates (viz) Samuel Bishop, Jonathan Fitch, Daniel Ly- 
man, Chancy Whittlesey, John Dishon, John Eells, James Eells, Ozias 
Eells, Roger Eells, William Wells, John Wells, George Wells, Isaac 
Wells, Ashbel Wells, Gideon Hale, David Hale, Josiah Hale, Ashbel 
Hale, Jonathan Bidwell, Benoni Smith, Amos Matson, John Matson, 
Solomon Wells, Rogers Wells, Samuel Wells, Gideon W T ells, Samuel 



RICHFORD 167 

Wells Ju r , Joseph Wells, Thadeus Wells, Ju r , Stephen Goodrich, William 
Goodrich, Elijah White, Elihu White, Samuel Hills, Jonathan Brace, 
Thomas K. Brace, Howel Woodbridge, Samuel St[r]atton, Elisha Hale, 
George Hale, Samuel Abby, Thomas Abby, Samuel Gibson, William 
Mosley, Timothy Easton, Jeremiah Goodrich, Joseph Bewel, John 
Stevens, Phinehas Grover, Roswell Wells, Jonathan Wells Ju r , Nathaniel 
Niles, John Breed, Joel Brooks, David Huntington, Samuel Rice, 
Thomas Ives, Benjamin Kent, 5c Benjamin Hannan Ju r — , Together with 
five equal Shares to be appropriated to public uses as follows (viz) one 
share for the use of a Simenary or Colledge within this State, one share 
for the use of the County Grammer Schools throughout this State, one 
share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Town, to be 
disposed of for that purpose as the Inhabitans thereof shall direct — 
one share for the Support of the Ministry, one share for the benifit and 
Support of a School or Schools within said Town. The following Tract 
or Parcel of Land (viz) Beginning at the Northeast Corner of the Township 
of Barks hire being in the North line of this State, — Then East in said 
line six miles, Then Southerly on such point as to gain six Miles on a par- 
pendicular from said line, Then west Parallel with said State line to the 
southwesterly Corner of said Barkshire — Then Northerly in the Easterly 
line of said Barkshire to the bounds Began at. will contain the Contents of 
Six Miles square and no more. And that the same be and is hereby 
Incorporated Into a Township by the name of Richford, and the 
inhabitants that do or shall hereafter Inhabit the said Township are 
declared to be Infranchised and Intitled to all the Priviledges and 
immunities that other Towns within this State do by Law exercise and 
Enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the said Granted Premises as above ex- 
pressed with all the Priviledges and appurtenences to them and their 
respective Heirs and assigns forever upon the following conditions and 
Reservations, viz, 

Imprimis That each proprietor of the Township of Richford aforesaid his Heirs or 
assigns shall plant and Cultivate five acres of Land and build a house (at 
least) eighteen feet square on the floor; or have one Family settled on 
each respective right or share of Land in said Township within the Term 
of Four years next after the circumstances of the present War will admit 
of Settlement with Safety, on penalty of the forfiture of his Grant or 
share of Land in said Town, and the same to revert to the freemen of this 
State; to be by their Representatives regranted to Such persons as shall 
appear to Settle and Cultivate the Same. 

Secundo That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved to the use and 
benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof we have 
caused the seal of this State to be afixed this 21 th day of August AD. 1780 
and in the fourth year of the Independence of this state & fifth of the 
United States. 

Thomas Chittenden 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — The charter here printed from [Ms.] Vermont Charter, Vol. I, pp. 18-20 is 
again recorded on pp. 18, 19 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont Charter. 



X68 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF RIPTOWN 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
> — * — . State of Vermont. 

't s \ 

\ J "*" °* J To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting : 

Know ye, That Whereas M r Abel Thompson, and his associates, 
sixty in number, have by Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of Land, 
within this State in order for Settling a new Plantation to be erected 
into a Township; We have therefore thought fit for the due Encourage- 
ment of Laudable designs, and for other valuable Considerations us 
hereunto moving. And do by these presents, in the name and by the 
Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and grant the 
Tract of Land hereafter discribed & bounded unto him the said Abel 
Thompson, and the several persons hereafter named his associates in 
equal Shares viz* Benjamin Bardsley Ju r , Stephen Middlebrook Ju r , 
Theophilus Middlebrook, John Turney Ju r , Hawkins Nichols, Aaron 
Hawley, Wolcott Hawley, David Hawley, Gideon Hawley, Isaac Haw- 
ley, James Hawley, Daniel Hawley Ju r , Joseph Burroughs, Gideon Peet, 
Jonathan Nichols, Thomas Hawley, Jeriel French, John French, Samuel 
•French, Eliakim Walker, David Walker, Nathan N, Walker, Solomon 
Booth, Jonathan Beers, Thomas Wahelee, David Summers, Daniel 
Salmon, David Summers Ju r , Peter Summers, Sillick Summers, Ephraim 
Sterling, Lewis Fairchild, Augur Judson, Elisha Mills, David Ely, Ben- 
jamin DeForeest, Othniel DeForeest, Milton Hawley, Cyrus Hawley, 
Francis Hawley, Walliston Hawley, Joseph Hawley, John Wooster, 
Joseph W r ooster, Ephraim Wooster, Ely Blackman, John Olcott, Eph- 
raim Curtis, Silas Curtis, Ju r , Lemuel Beardsly, Stephen Beardsly, Ezra 
Curtis, Hezekiah Clark, Matthew Hawley, Isaac Lewis, Elisha Rexford, 
Abraham Underhill, Stephen Middlebrook, & Abraham Thomson which 
Together with the five following Rights or equal Shares (i e 5-65ths, of 
said Tract) Reserved to the Several uses in manner following include 
the whole of said Tract or Township viz 1 [one Right for the use of a 
Simonary or College; one Right for the use of County Grammer Schools, 
in said State; Lands to the amount of one right to be & remain for the 
purpose of settlement of a minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said 
Township forever; Lands to the amount of one Right for the Support of 
the Social Worship of God in said Township; and Lands to the amount 
of one Right for the Support of an English School or Schools in said 
Township, which said Two Rights for the use of a Seminary or College 
& for the use of County Grammer Schools as aforesaid, and the Im- 
provements, rents, Intrests & Profits arising therefrom shall be under 
the Controul, order dircetion & disposal of the General Assembly of said 
State forever; And the proprietors of said Township are hereby author- 
ised and empowered to locate said Two Rights justly and equitably, or 
quantity for quality in such parts of said Township as they or their 



RIPTON 169 

Committee shall judge will least incommode the General Settlement 
of said Tract or Township; And the said Proprietors are further em- 
powered, to locate the lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights as- 
signed for the Settlement of a Minister & Ministers for their Support, 
& for the use & Support of English Schools in such and in so many- 
places as they or their Committee shall judge will Least incommode the 
Inhabitents of said Township when the same shall be fully settled and 
improved Laying the same equitably, or quantity for quality, which said 
Lands amounting to the three Rights last mentioned when located as 
aforesaid, shall Together with their Improvements Rights, Rents, Pro- 
fits, Dues, & Intrest remain unalianably appropriated to the uses and 
purposes for which they are respectively assigned, & be under the charge 
direction & disposal of the Inhabitents of said Township forever;] 
Which Tract of Land hereby given and granted as aforesaid is Bounded 
and discribed as follows viz c Beginning at the south East Corner of 

Middleborough, at a Spruce Tree Marked ^Thence East Ten deg s South 

six miles 30 Rods, 13 Links iff 33/120 of a Link to a Beach Tree marked ( /Q) 

Thence North io° East six miles Thirty nine Rods fifteen Links iff 33/120 

of a Link to a Yellow Birch Tree marked Mj Thence West Ten degrees North 

six Miles, thirty nine Rods 13 links iff 33/120 of a Link to a Stake and 
Stones, Thence South Ten Deg 3 West six miles 30 Rods 13 links 1$ 33/120 
of a Link to the first mentioned bounds containing Twenty four thousand 
acres (24,000; And that the same be and hereby is incorporated into a 
Township by the name of Riptown, And the Inhabitents that do or 
shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised and 
entitled to all the Privileges & immunities that the Inhabitants of other 
Towns within this State do & ought by the Law and Constitution of this 
State to exercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the said Granted 
Premises as above expressed in equal Shares with all the Priviledges and 
appurtenences thereto belonging or in any wise appertaing unto them 
and their Respective Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following Con- 
ditions and Reservations viz 1 That each Proprietor in the Township 
of Riptown aforesaid his Heirs or assigns shall plant & Cultivate Five 
acres of Land, and build an House at Least Eighteen feet square on the 
Floor, or Have one Family settled on each respective Right or share of 
Land in said Township not so improved or Settled & the same to revert 
to the Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives regranted 
to such persons as shall appear to settle and Cultivate the Same. — 
That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use and 
Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony, whereof we have 
caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this Thirteenth day 
of April, in the 5 year of the Independence of this State A. D. 1781. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command. 
Thomas Tolman Dep y . Sec y 



I7O CHARTER RECORDS 

*THE CHARTER OF ROCHESTER 

The Governor, Council, 8c General Assembly of the 
, — * — , Freemen of Vermont. 

i T s 1 

\ ' j To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting : 

Know ye, that whereas Asa Whetcomb Esquire, and Mr. Dudley 
Chace, and their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, re- 
quested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land within this State, 
in order for settling a New Plantation, to be erected into a Township; 
We Have Therefore Thought Fit, for the due encouragement of their 
laudable Designs, and for other valuable considerations us hereunto 
moving, — And do, by these Presents, In the Name, and by the Authority 
of the Freemen of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land here- 
after described and bounded unto the said Asa Whetcomb and Dudley 
Chace, and the several Persons hereafter named their Associates, viz 1 ; 
John Whetcomb, Chapman Whetcomb, Anthony Whetcomb, Joshua 
Hazen, John Hopson, Ebenezer Sparhawk, Henry Sparhawk, John 
Mandeville, Joseph Tucker, Elijah Tucker, Silas Hamilton, Ammi 
Currier, David Ashley, Israel Clark, jun. Thomas Emerson, Samuel 
Thatcher, Ephraim Miles, Bezaleel Barton, Solomon Aiken, Simeon 
Belknap, James Aikin Moses Belknap, David Belknap, Caleb Chace, 
Peter Barton, Isaac Puffer, Abner Brigham, Ezekiel Brigham, junior, 
Dennis Darling, Enoch Emerson, Stephen Partridge, Jacob Hall, David 
Currier, Willis Hall, Asa Emerson. Ezekiel Emerson, Daniel Emerson, 
Ebenezer Rawson, Salmon Chace, Ithamar Chace, Simeon Chace, 
Heber Chace, Dudley Chace, junior, Daniel Corbet Chace, Baruch 
Chace, John Sangar, William Page, Ephraim Briggs, David W'arren, 
Joseph Loveland, Moses Brigham, Philocletes Whetcomb, John Ray- 
mond, John Strong, James Page, Phineas Sanger, James Lawton, Moses 
Davis, John Morse, Moses Ashley, Benjamin Lewis, Stephen Child and 
Simeon Jacobs which, together with the five following Rights, reserved 
to the several Uses in manner following, include the whole of said 
Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the Use of a Seminary or Colledge; one 
Right for the Use of County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the 
amount of one Right, to be and remain for the purpose of Settlement 
of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; 
Lands, to the amount of one Right for the support of the social worship 
of God in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of one Right for 
the support of an English School or Schools in said Township. Which 
said two Rights, for the use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of 
County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, 
Interests & Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, 

*Recorded [Ms.] Vermont Charters, Vol. I, pp. 1 18-122. Another copy of this charter 
recorded on pp. 381-384 of the same volume, is printed on pages immediately following this 
copy. These charters are substantially duplicates except as to the dates. 



C* ROCHESTER 171 

Direction, and Disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever. 
And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised and em- 
powered, to locate said two Rights, justly and equitably, or quantity for 
quality, in such Parts of said Township as they or their Committee shall 
judge will least incommode the General Settlement of said Tract or 
Township. And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered to 
locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights, assigned — for the 
Settlement of a Minister and Ministers — for their Support — and for 
the use & Support of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places as 
they or their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the In- 
habitants of said Township when the same shall be fully settled and im- 
proved, laying the same equitably, or quantity for quality. Which said 
Lands, amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as 
aforesaid, shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, 
Profits, Dues, and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the 
uses and Purposes for which they are respectively assigned; and be 
under the Charge, Direction, and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said 
Township forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as 
aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the 
North Westerly Corner of Bethel, then Southerly in the Westerly Line of 
Bethel, about Six Miles, to the South Westerly Corner thereof; Then North 
61 ° West, so far, that, turning North jj° East, until, turning South 61 ° 
East will strike the Bound began at, and contain the Contents of Six Miles 
square." And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a 
Township by the Name of Rochester. And the Inhabitants that 
do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be in- 
franchised, and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the 
Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do, and ought, by the 
Laws and Constitution of this State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have 
and to Hold the said granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the 
Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, to 
them & their respective Heirs & Assigns forever, upon the following 
Conditions and Reservations, viz 1 , That each Proprietor of the Town- 
ship of Rochester aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cul- 
tivate Five Acres of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen Feet 
square on the Floor, or have one Family settled, on each respective 
Right, within the Term of Three Years, next after the Circumstances 
of the War will admit of a Settlement with Safety: on penalty of the 
Forfeiture of each Right of Land in said Township, not so improved, or 
settled; and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be, by 
their Representatives, regranted to such Persons as shall appear to 
settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable for a 
Navy, be reserved for the Use and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. 
In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand, and caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed, this Thirtieth Day of August, A. D. 1781. 
And in the 5 th year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho.TolmanDepy Seer". 



172 CHARTER RECORDS 

[♦CHARTER OF] ROCHESTER 

The Goyernor — Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of Vermont — 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye — that Whereas Asa Whitcomb Esq 1 " and M r Dudley 
Chase and their Associates our worthy friends have by petition requested 
a grant of a tract of unappropriated lands within this State in order for 
settling a new plantation to be erected into a Township — We have 
therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable de- 
signs, and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving — And 
do by these Presents, in the name and by the authority of the Freemen 
of the State of Vermont — give and grant the tract of land hereafter 
described and bounded unto the said Asa Whitcomb Dudley Chase and 
their Associates — Viz — John Whetcomb, Chapman Whetcomb, An- 
thony Whetcomb, Joshua Hazen, John Hopson, Ebenezer Sparhawk, 
Henry Sparhawk, John Mandevitte, Joseph Tucker, Elijah Tucker, 
Silas Hamilton, Ammi Currier, Dayi_d Ashley, Israel Clark Jun r , Thomas 
Emerson, Samuel Thatcher, Ephraim Miles, Bezaleel Barton, Solomon 
Aiken, Simeon Belknap, James Aiken, Moses Belknap, David Belknap, 
Caleb ,Chase, Peter Barton, Isaac Puffer, Abner Brigham, Ezekiel 
Brigham Jun r , Dennis Darling, Enoch Emerson, Stephen Partridge, 
Jacob Hall, David Currier, Willis Hall, Asa Emerson, Ezekiel Emerson, 
Daniel Emerson, Ebenezer Rawson, Salmon Chase, Ithamer Chase, 
Simeon Chase, Heber Chase, Dudley Chase Jun r , Daniel Corbet Chase, 
Baruch Chase, John Sangar — William Page, Ephraim Briggs, David 
Warren, Joseph Loveland, Moses Brigham, Philocletes Whetcomb, John 
Raymond, John Strong, James Page, Phinehas Sanger, James Lawton, 
Moses Davis, John Morse, Mosejs_ Ashley, Benjamin Lewis, Stephen 
Child, and Simeon Jacobs, which together with the five following Rights 
reserved to the several uses in manner following include the whole of 
said Township, Viz, one Right for the use of a seminary or Colledge, one 
Right for the use of County Gramar Schools in said State, Lands to the 
amount of one Right to be and remain for the purpose of settlement of a 
Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever, Lands to 
the amount of one Right for the support of the social W T orship of God 
in said Township, and lands to the amount of one Right for the support 
of an English School or Schools in said Township — Which said two 
Rights, for the use of a seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County 
Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the improvements, Rents, Interests, 
and Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the controul, Order, 
direction and disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever — 

*Recorded [Ms.] Vermont Charters, Vol. I, pp. 381-384. Another copy of this 
Charter, recorded on pp. 1 18-122 of the said Volume, is printed on pages immediately 
preceding this copy. These charters are substantially duplicates except as to dates. 



ROCHESTER 173 

And the proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised and em- 
powered to locate said two rights Justly and equitably or Quantity for 
Quality in such parts of said Township as they or their Committee shall 
Judge will least incommode the general settlement of said tract or 
Township — and the said proprietors are hereby further empowered to 
locate the lands aforesaid amounting to three rights assigned for the 
settlement of a minister and ministers for their support, and for the use 
and support of English Schools in such and in so many places, as they 
or their Committee shall Judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants 
of said Township when the same shall be fully settled, and improved, 
laying the same equitably, or Quantity for Quality — which said lands 
amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as afore- 
said, shall together with their improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, 
Dues, and Interests remain unalienably appropriated for the uses and 
purposes for which they are respectively assigned — And be under the 
Charge, Direction & Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township 
forever — 

Which Tract of Land hereby given and granted is described and 
bounded as follows — Viz — Beginning at the Northwesterly corner of 
Bethel then Southerly in the Westerly line of Bethel about six miles to the 
Southwesterly corner thereof, then North Sixty one Degrees West, so far that 
turning North thirty three Degrees East untill turning South sixty one 
Degrees east will strike the bound began at, and contains the contents of six 
miles square — 

And that the same be and hereby is incorporated into a Township 
by the name of Rochester — and the Inhabitants that do or shall 
hereafter inhabit the said Township are declared to be enfranchised and 
entitled to all the priviledges and immunities that the inhabitants of 
other Towns within this State do, and ought by the Law & Constitution 
of this State to exercise and enjoy — 

To have and to hold the said granted premises as above ex- 
pressed with all the Priviledges & Appurtenances thereto belonging and 
appertaining to them and their respective heirs and Assigns forever — 
upon the following conditions & Reservations — Viz — that each pro- 
prietor of the Township of Rochester aforesaid his heirs or Assigns 
shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of land and build an house at least 
eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family settled on each 
respective Right within the term of three years next after the Circum- 
stances of the War will admit of a settlement with safety — on penalty 
of the forfeiture of each Right of Land in said Township not so improved 
or settled, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be by 
their Representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to 
settle and cultivate the same — That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy 
be reserved to the use and benefit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused 
the seal of this State to be affixed. In Council this Thirtieth Day of 



174 CHARTER RECORDS 

July Anno Domini — One thousand seven hundred and eighty one — And 
in the fifth year of the Independence of this State 

Tho 3 Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command 

Tho s Tolman Dep Sec y . 
Recorded Nov-2 d -i8o8 — 

Att. Th. Leverett Sec y . 



6 



THE CHARTER OF ROXBURY 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly, of the 
- — * Freemen of the State of Vermont 



{ ,s. } 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting : 



Know ye, That whereas the Honorable Benjamin Emmons 
Esquire & His Associates our worthy Friends have by Petition re- 
quested a Grant of a Tract of unapropriated Lands within this State, in 
order for Settling a new plantation to Erected into a Township, WE have 
therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable de- 
signs, and for other valuable Considerations us hereunto moving, and 
do by these Presents in the name and by the authority of the Freemen of 
the State of Vermont, give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter dis- 
cribed and bounded, unto him the said Benjamin Emmons, and to the 
Several Persons hereafter named his associates, viz 1 John Throop, 
Bryant Brown, Mastin Cabbot, Capt. Edward Aikins, Hezekiah Thomp- 
son, Asa Whitcomb, Samuel King, John Cook, Solomon Withull, Steel 
Smith, Reuben Smith, Joseph Kimball, Isaac Morgan, Roswell Smith, 
Asa Taylor, Eliakim Spooner, Joseph Tidd, Eldad Brownson, William 
Lyon, Eben r Curtis, Edward Smith, Whitman Jacobs, Edmond Hodges, 
Joel Butler, John Ransom, Jedediah Strong, William Birch, Zelotes 
Gates, Paul Brigham, Thomas Brigham, John Marcey, Henry White, 
Henry Aynsworth, Abel Davis, Thomas Chittenden, Seth Hodges, 
William Powers, Jonathan Hall, Paul Spooner, Joshua Dodge, Thomas 
Lawton, Bethuel Cross, Jonathan Burnet, Daniel Gilbert, Jonas Board- 
man, Solomon Strong, William Gallup, Elisha Gallup, Samuel Dutton, 
Simon Davis, Daniel Rix, Ebenzer Parkhurst, Shubal Cross, Elias 
Stevens, Benjamin Wait, Josiah Dunham, Elisha Hawley, John Ranger, 
Robert Hunter, John Ranger Ju r , William Chaplain, Phinehas Parkhurst, 
Jonathan Chase, and Lathrop Thompson, Which Together with the 
five rights or equal Shares reserved to the Several uses in manner follow- 



ROXBURY-ROYALTON 



175 



ing, include the whole of said Tract or Township viz fc Read which Tract 
of Land hereby Given and Granted as aforesaid is bounded & discribed 
as follows Viz 1 Beginning, at the Northwesterly of Brookfield, then South 
thirty three D° West about Six Miles in the line of Brookfield to an Angle 
thereof ', then carrying that breadth back North 61 D° west so far as that a 
Line being extended North 33 D° East across S d Breadth, will encompass 
the Contents of Six Miles Square, And that the same be & hereby is In- 
corporated into a Township by the name of Rqxbury. and the Inhabi- 
tents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are declared to be 
infranchised and Intitled to all the Privileges &: Immunities that the 
Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do and ought by the Law 
and Constitution of this State to exercise 5c Enjoy 

To Have and to Hold, the said Granted Premises as above expressed 
with all the Priviledges & appurtenences thereto belonging & apper- 
taining unto them and their Respective Heirs and assigns forever, upon 
the following Conditions & Reservations viz 1 That Each Proprietor in the 
Township of Roxbury aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant and 
Cultivate five acres of Land and build an House at least Eighteen feet 
square on the floor, or have one Family Settled on each Respective Right 
or Share of Land in said Township & the same to revert to the freemen 
of .this State, to be by their representatives regranted to such persons as 
Shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the same; That all Pine Timber 
suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use and Benifit of the Freemen 
of this State. In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this 
State to be affixed In Council this 6 th day of August AD. 17S1, & in the 



5 th year of the Independence of this State 

By His Excellency 3 

Command. 

Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF ROYALTON 



The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
•f — ^ Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



{,,} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting : 



Know ye that Whreas Comfort Seaver, Esq., and his associates 
our worthy Friends have by Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of 
unappropriated lands within this State in order for Settling a New 
Plantation to be Erected into a Township, We have therefore thought 
fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable Designs, And for other 



176 



CHARTER RECORDS 



Valuable Considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents, 
In the Name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of 
Vermont, give and grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed & 
bounded unto him the said Comfort Seaver, & unto the Several Persons 
hereafter Named his associates in equal Shares viz 1 , Elias Stevens, Elisha 
Kent, John Kent, Elisha Kent Ju r , John Hibbard, James Hibbard, 
Jedediah Hyde, (of Royalton) Ebenezer Dewey, Ebenezer Church, 
Nathan Fish, John Safford, Benjamin Parkhurst, Simon Shepard, 
Reuben Parkhurst, Daniel Gilbert, Daniel Rix, John Kimbal, Garner 
Rix, Ebenezer Parkhurst, David Fish, David Brewster, Robert Havens, 
William Blackmer, Heman Durkee, Ebenezer Brewster, Medad Benton, 
Nathaniel Morse, Robert Handay, Benjamin Day, Timothy Durkee, 
John Jillet, Adan Durkee, John Billins, Joseph Fish, John Hibbard Ju r , 
John Willcox, Samuel Benidict, Calven Parkhurst, Josiah Wheeler, 
Joseph Parkhurst, Elias Curtis, Joseph Havens, Johnson Safford, John 
Stevens Ju r , Isaac Morgan, Zebulon Lyon, Nathan Morgan, Daniel 
Tuller, William Joiner, Martin Tuller, Daniel Havens, Benjamin Day 
Ju r , John Evans, Jeremiah Trescott, Israel Wallow, William Jones, 
John House, Tilley Parkhurst, Phinehas Parkhurst, Jabez Parkhurst, 
Samuel Clap, and Joel Mash (of Sharon) which Together with the five 
following rights reserved to the Several uses in manner following viz 1 
(Read) which said Tract of Land hereby given and Granted as aforesaid 
is bounded and discribed as follows viz 1 Beginning at Sharon Southwest 
Corner, then North 40 D° East 4Q6 chains to Tunbridge, thence North 60 D° 
West 456, chains to Bethel, Thence South 40 D° west 4q6 chains on Bethel 
Line to Barnard, Thence South 60 D° East 456 Chains on Barnard Line 
to the Place of Begining Containing Tzventy Tzvo Thousand three hundred 
and Tzventy Acres, (22,320) And that the same be and hereby is in- 
corporated into a Township by the name of Royalton, And the In- 
habitents that do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township are declared 
to be Infranchised and entitled to all the Priviledges & Immunities that 
the Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do & ought by the Law 
and Constitution of this State to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to 
Hold, the said Granted Premises as above expressed, with all the Privi- 
ledges, and appurtenances thereto belonging, and appertaining unto 
them and their respective Heirs and assigns forever, upon the following 
Conditions, and reservations viz 1 That each proprietor in the Township 
of Royalton aforesaid his heirs or assigns, shall plant and cultivate five 
acres of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen feet square upon 
the floor, or have one Family Settled on each respective Right or share 
within the Term of Eighteen Months from the date hereof, on penalty of 
the Forfieture of each Respective right of Land in said Township, not so 
improved or settled, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State 
to be by their representatives regranted to Such persons as shall appear 
to Settle and Cultivate the same, That all Pine Timber suitable for a 
Navy be reserved for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State; 
In Testimony, whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the 



ST. JOHNSBURY 177 

seal of this State to be affixed in Council this 20 th day of Dec r , 1781, 
and in the 5 th year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Thomas Tolman D y . Sec y . 



{ „ } 



THE CHARTER OF ST. JOHNSBURY 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting; 



WHEREAsJonathan Arnold Esquire and his Associates our worthy 
friends have by petition requested a grant of a tract of unappropriated 
lands within this State in order for settling a new plantation to be erected 
into a Township. 

We Have Therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of 
their laudable designs, and for other valuable considerations Us hereunto 
moving, and Do by these presents, in the name and by the Authority 
of the Freemen of Vermont, give and grant the Tract of Land herein 
after described and bounded unto the said Jonathan Arnold and the 
several persons hereafter named his Associates namely, Samuel Stevens 
Esquire, John Innes Clark, and Joseph Nightingale, Joseph Lord, 
Ebenezer Scott jun r David Howell Esquire William Page Esquire, 
Thomas Chittenden Esq 1 " John Bridgman Esq r John Crawford Arnold 
Joseph Fay Esquire Ira Allen Esquire Simeon Colle, Benjamin Doo- 
little Josiah Nichols James Adams Martin Adams, Jonathan Adams 
James Callender Adams Thomas Todd, William Trescott and Jonathan 
Trescott, in the proportions annexed to their names respectively as 
follows To the said Jonathan Arnold Thirteen Seventy first parts and 
one third of one Seventy first part, to the said Samuel Stevens Eighteen 
Seventy first parts to the said Clark & Nightingale six Seventy first 
parts Joseph Lord seven seventy first parts, Ebenezer Scott jun r three 
seventy first parts, David Howell four seventy first parts, William Page 
two seventy first parts Thomas Chittenden one seventy first part John 
Bridgman two seventy first parts, John Crawford Arnold one seventy 
first part, Joseph Fay three Seventy first parts, Ira Allen one seventy 
first part, Simeon Colle one seventy first part and one third of one 
seventy first part, Benjamin Doolittle one two hundred and tenth part, 
Josiah Nichols, one two hundred & tenth part, James Adams one two 
hundred & tenth part Martin Adams one two hundred & tenth part, 
Jonathan Adams one two hundred and tenth part, James Callender 
Adams one Two hundred and tenth part, Thomas Todd one two hundred 
& tenth part William Trescott one two hundred & tenth part, and 



I78 CHARTER RECORDS 

Jonathan Trescott one two hundred and tenth part, which together with 
Six seventy first parts reserved to the several uses in manner follow- 
ing viz 1 . One seventy first part for the use of a Seminary or College, 
one seventy first part for the use of County Grammar Schools, within 
said State, Lands to the amount of One seventy first part for the purpose 
of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Town- 
ship, Lands to the amount of one Seventy first part, for the support of 
the social Worship of God in said Township, and Lands to the amount 
of One Seventy first part for the support of an English School & Schools. 
in said Township which said two Seventy first parts for the use of a 
Seminary or College, and for the use of County Grammar schools as 
afores d and the improvements, rents, interests and profits arising there- 
from, shall be under the Controul, Order direction and disposal of the 
General Assembly of said State forever, and the proprietors of s d Town- 
ship are hereby Authorized And empowered to locate said Two seventy 
first parts, justly & equitably or quantity for quality in such parts of 
said Township as they or their committee shall judge will least in- 
commode the general settlement of said Township. And the s d Proprie- 
tors are hereby further empowered to locate the lands afores d amount- 
ing to three seventy first parts, of s d Township, assigned for the settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers, for their support, and for the use and 
support of English Schools in said Town in such and in so many places 
as they or their Committee shall Judge will best accommodate the In- 
habitants of said Township, when fully settled & improved laying the 
same equitably and quantity for quality, which said lands amounting to 
three seventy first parts, of said Township when located as afores d 
shall together with their improvements, Rights, rents, profits, dues & 
interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the uses & purposes for 
which they are respectively assigned, and be under the charge direction 
and disposal of the selectmen of said Township in trust to and for the use 
of said Town forever, And the remaining lands in said Township the 
proprietors are hereby empowered to dispose of in such manner as they 
shall judge best for the encouragement of erecting the first Gristmill & 
Saw Mill in s d Township. And whereas it is necessary that early pro- 
vision should be made for accommodating said Township, with Lands 
sufficient for public roads and Highways which cannot [be] particu- 
larly assigned until the said Township be fully surveyed and under 
some improvement, therefore by virtue of these presents there is hereby 
reserved, Nine Acres in each Seventy first part and in the same propor- 
tion in every lesser part to be appropriated from time to time for the 
purpose of opening public Roads or Highways and remain unalienably 
for that purpose to be assigned as the Selectmen or other legal Authority 
shall from time to time direct in & throughout said Township forever. 
Which said tract of Land given & granted as aforesaid is bounded 
& described as follows Beginning at a Hemlock tree marked Barnet 
Corner — March 23 rd 1784. being the most Northerly Corner of said Barnet 
and running North Six degrees and twenty minutes West seven Miles and 



ST. JOHNSBURY 1 79 

fifty one Chains in the east line of Danville to a Birch tree marked Lyndon 
SIV corner Nov T x6. fj86 zvich is the Southwest corner of Lyndon & north 
East corner of Danville thence South Seventy degrees East six miles in the 
South line of Lyndon to a maple tree marked Lyndon South East Corner 
Nov lj th lj86 then South Eleven degrees and fifty minutes East three miles 
13 Thirty Eight chains to a stake eleven links North 28 degrees west from 
a beech tree marked Littleton North Corner Nov. iQ th 1784. Then South 
Sixty two degrees west, six miles in the North westerly line of Littleton to a 
Stake five links east from a white pine tree marked Littleton south west 
Corner 1784. standing in the Northerly line of Barnet then North Twenty 
eight degrees west, Sixty eight chains in the said Northerly line of Barnet, 
to the bounds begun at, and is called and to be known by the name of the 
Township of St. Johnsbury, and that the same be and hereby is in- 
corporated into a township by the name aforesaid, and the Inhabitants 
that do or hereafter shall inhabit the said Township are declared to be 
enfranchised and entituled to all the privileges and immunities that the 
Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do and ought by Law, and 
the Constitution of this State to exercise and enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges and appurtenances thereto belonging and Apper- 
taining to them and their respectiv Heirs and Assigns forever upon the 
following conditions & reservations Viz That each proprietor of the 
Township aforesaid, his heirs or Assigns shall plant and cultivate five 
acres of Land and build a house at least Eighteen feet square upon the 
floor, or have one family settled on each respective right or Seventy 
first part of Land in said Township within the timelimitted by a Law of 
this State on Penalty of the forfieture of each right or seventy first part 
of Land in said Township, not so improved or settled and the same to 
revert to the freemen of this State to be by their representatives re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same, 
That all pine timber suitable for a Navy be reserved to the use and 
benefit of the freemen of this State agreable to an Act of the Legislature 
of said State passed at their Session in October 1781. — 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Caused 
the Seal of this State to be affixed, this first day of November in the year 
of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and Eighty six, and in the 
tenth year of the Independence of this State. 
By His Excellency's Command 

Micah Townsend Secr'y. Tho 8 Chittenden 

Examined & Recorded Jan y . 22 d , 1791 

Joseph Fay Sec y . 



ISO CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF SALEM 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 



". 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting : 



Know ye, that whereas Col° Jacob Davis, and his associates, our 
worthy Friends, have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of un- 
appropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling a new Planta- 
tion to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of their Laudable designs, and for other 
valuable considerations, us hereunto moving, And do By these Presents, 
in the name, and by the authority of the Freemen of the State of Ver- 
mont, give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and bounded, 
unto the said Jacob Davis, and to the several persons hereafter named 
his associates viz 1 — Shubael Peck, Thomas Carpenter, Thomas Kemp- 
ton, Samuel Tobey, Adriel Bless, Israel Nichols, Philip Peck, Nathan 
Bless, Ebenezer Peck, Ezekiel Smith, Stephen Perry, Joseph Allen, 
Joseph Waldren, Richard Cranch, Lucy Cranch, Elizabeth Cranch, 
John May, Joseph May, John May, Jacob Davis Jun r , Thomas Davis, 
Mervin Mower, Jeremiah Davis, Abijah Lamb, Ebenzer Lamb, Edward 
Wheelock, Lemuel Edwards, Abner Mellen, Job Merrett, William Co- 
mins, Jonas Comins, Isaiah Rider, Levi Davis, Jonathan Davis, Pearley 
Davis, Isaac Learned Ju r , Ebenezer Davis, Salem Town, Israel Waters, 
Isaiah Rider Ju r David Cutting, Jonathan Mower, Jonathan Mower 
Ju r , Samuel Robinson (of Charlton), David Lamb, Nehemiah Stone, 
Nehemiah Stone Ju r , Ebenezer Stone, Thomas Hall, Peter Sleman, Paul 
Wheelock, Samuel Parker, William Tucker, Jonathan Tucker, Seth 
Tucker, Aaron Tucker, Asa Davis, John Stevens, Thomas Needham, 
Robert Edwards, Joseph Gibbs, Samuel Davis, Elijah Davis, & John 
Adams; Which Together with the five following Rights, reserved to 
the several uses in manner following include the whole of said Township 

READ viz 1 (Read) Which said Tract of Land, hereby given, & granted, as 

The a f or esaid, is bounded and discribed as follows, viz 1 

Ripto-wn Beginning at the South West Corner of Navy, Then Northeast in the North 

vhich is in West line of Navy to an angle thereof supposed to be about six miles, and 

the same Carrying that Breadth back, northwest so far as that a Parellel Line, with 

wordswith jVtfry 3 Northwest line aforesaid will encompass the Contents of six miles 

disposing. Square. And that the same be, & hereby is Incorporated into a Town- 

oftheS ship by the Name of Salem and the Inhabitents, that do or shall here- 
public after inhabit said Township, are declared to be Infranchised, and In- 

Rtghts. t i t i e d to all the Privileges and Immunities, that the Inhabitents of other 
Towns within this State do by the Laws and Constitution of this State 
exercise & enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the said granted Premises 
in equal Shares, with all the Priviledges and appurtenences thereto 
belonging, & appertaining unto them and their respective Heirs and 



SALEM-SEARSBURGH l8l 

assigns forever upon the following Conditions & Reservations, viz* 
That each Proprietor in the Township of Salem, aforesaid, his heirs, or 
assigns, shall Plant, and cultivate Five acres of Land and build an 
House at least Eighteen feet square on the Floor, or have one Family 
settled on each respective Right, within the Term of three years next 
after the Circumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement with 
safety, on penalty of the Forfieture of Each Respective Right of Land 
in said Township, not so improved, or settled, and the same to revert to 
the freemen of this State to be by their representatives regranted to such 
persons as shall appear to settle and Cultivate the Same; That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use and benifit of the 
Freemen of this State — In Testimony whereof We, have caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this 18 th day of August AD. 
I78i.in the 5th year of the Independence of this, & 6 of the United 
States. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency s Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF SEARSBURGH 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of the 
< — * — . Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

\ j To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye, That whereas Col° William Williams and his asso- 
ciates our Worthy Friends have by Petition requested a Grant of a 
Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State in order for Settling a 
New plantation to be erected into a Township, we have therefore 
Thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs & for 
other Valuable considerations us hereunto moving, and do by these 
presents in the name & by the Authority of the Freemen of the State 
of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed & 
bounded unto him the said William Williams, and to his associates viz 1 
Josiah Lock, Joseph Beaman, Jonathan Evans, Asaph Williams, Daniel 
Taylor Ju r , John Williams, William Griffin, David Parks, Adonijah 
Bangs, Daniel Taylor, Oliver Wilder, Jonathan Bodwell John Marksjohn 
Whitney, John Wood, James Roberts, Silas Hammilton, Jesse Marks, 
Joseph Marks, Luke Taylor, Peter Gates, John Pierce, James Williams, 
William Peirce, and Ebenezer Merrick; which Together with the Two 
Twenty Eighth Parts of said Tract reserved to the uses in manner 



I 82 CHARTER RECORDS 

following, include the whole of said Tract viz 1 one 28 th part of said 
Tract for the Support of the Social Worship of God in said Township, 
and one 28 part for the Support of an English School or Schools in said 
Township And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised 
and empowered to locate said Two 28 th parts of said Township in such 
and in so many places as they or their Committee shall judge will best 
accommodate the Inhabitents of said Township when the Same shall 
be fully Settled, and improved, laying the same equitably or quantity for 
Quality, which said Two 28 th parts when located as aforesaid, shall 
Together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, dues, & 
Interst remain unalienably appropriated to the uses & purposes for 
which they are respectively assigned, and be under, the charge direction 
& disposal of the Inhabitents of said Township forever, which Tract 
of Land hereby given and Granted as aforesaid is known and discribed 
as follows, viz 1 It is bounded east on Wilhnington, Northerly upon Som- 
merste, Westerly upon Woodford, and Southerly upon Land pititioned for by 
Benjamin Hanswa, [Henshazv] £s? others, comprising a Tract of Four 
Miles Square; And that the same be & hereby is Incorporated into a 
Township by the name of Searsburgh, And the Inhabitents that do or 
shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be Infranchised 
and Intitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitents 
of other Towns within this State do and ought by Law & the Con- 
stitution of this State to Exercise & Enjoy. To Have & to Hold, the 
said granted premises as above expressed in equal shares with all the 
priviledges and appurtenences thereto belonging and appertaining unto 
them and their respective Heirs & assigns forever, upon the following 
Conditions and reservations viz. that Each Proprietor in the Township 
of Searsburgh aforesaid His Heirs or assigns, shall plant and Cultivate 
five acres of Land and build an house at least Eighteen feet square on the 
floor or have one family settled on Each respective Right or Share of 
Land in said Township within the Term of three years next after the 
date of this Grant, on penalty of the Forfiture of Each respective Right 
or share of Land in said Township not so improved or Settled, and the 
same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their representatives 
regranted to Such persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the 
Same, That all Pine Timber be reserved (suitable for a Navy) for the use 
& benifit of the freemen, of this State, In Testimony whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in 
Council this 23 d day of February AD 1781 and in the 5 th year of the 
Independence of this State, 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command, 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



SHEFFIELD 183 

[CHARTER OF SHEFFIELD] 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 



{" 



To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 



Know Ye, that whereas Mr. Stephen Kingsbury and his associates 
have, by petition, requested a grant of unappropriated lands within this 
state for the purpose of settling a new plantation to be erected into a 
township; We have, therefore, thought fit, for the due encouragement 
of their laudable design and for other value considerations us hereunto 
moving, do by these presents, in the name and by the authority of the 
freemen of the State of Vermont, give and grant unto the said Stephen 
Kingsbury and the several persons hereafter named his associates, in 
equal shares the tract of land hereafter described and bounded viz. 
Noah Smith, William Hooker, Peter Noble, Abijah W r arren, Giles 
Pettibone, Jun r Isaac Stratton, John Tracy, Thomas Chittenden, 
Joseph Williams, Jedediah Hyde, Thadeus Munson, Theodore Sedg- 
wick, David Welch, Stephen Goodger, Josiah Burr, Ezra Ives, Lazarus 
Ives, Thomas Catling, William Wadsworth, and James Ives, one share 
each, — John Hubbard, Thomas Chipman and Amos Callender, one share 
each — Abner Callender, Zachariah Goodrich, Moses Fairchild, Stephen 
Whiting, David Callender, William Beach, Enos Kellogg, Gad Austin, 
Solomon Lee, Miles Beach, and James Morrice, one share each; Thomas 
L. Whitbeck, Ezra Fellows, John Sibbly, Elisha Lee, Peter Vandyke, 
Joseph Fay, Hezekiah Sanford, Ezekiel Sanford, one right each; Aaron 
and Hezekiah Sanford Jun. one right; William and Zalmon Sanford, one 
right; David Jackson, Ezekiel and David Jackson jun. one right; Moses 
and Ephraim Jackson one right; Piatt Townsend, Isaac Townsend, 
William Townsend Francis Townsend Nathaniel Barlow, Lemuel San- 
ford, James Barlow, Aaron Barlow Joel Barlow, Elijah Burr, Nathan 
Burr, William Hawley, Nathaniel Bartlett, Daniel Bartlet, Ebenezer 
and Francis Adams one right each; Isaac Gorham, Isaac Gorham, Jun. 
Jabez Burr, Thomas and Simeon Couch, Jun. one right each and John 
Gray, together with five public rights to be appropriated to the following 
uses, viz, one right for the use and benefit of a college within this state; 
one right for the use and benefit of the county grammar schools throughout 
this state; one right for the first settled minister of the gospel in said town- 
ship forever; one right for the support of the ministry in said town, to be 
disposed of to that use as the inhabitants thereof shall, from time to 
time agree; also one right for the use and benefit of an english school or 
schools in said township, which tract of land is hereby given and granted 
as aforesaid, bounded and described, as follows viz Beginning at the 
north east corner of Greensborough, at a birch tree marked Greensborough 



184 CHARTER RECORDS 

corner May 29 th 1786, Sheffield September 24, 1788, and running Norths 
thirty six degrees east nine miles, forty three chains and fifty links to a stake 
and stones, twelve links south eighty 85 D° east from a maple tree marked 
Sheffield N. Corner, September 26 th 1788: then south six degrees and fifteen 
minutes east, eight miles and thirty five chains to a stake eighteen links 
southeast from a great spruce tree marked Wheelock 1788, on the southeast 
side and Sheffield corner on the northwest side; then south thirty six degrees 
west two miles, sixty eight chains and sixty links to a stake and stones, 
twelve links north thirty six degrees east from a beach tree marked Sheffield 
S. E. Corner July 19 th 1788, Wheelock\ l.W. Then north fifty four degrees 
west, five miles fifty five chains and thirty three links to the bounds began 
at, containing twenty three thousand and forty acres .... And 
that the same be and hereby is incorporated into a township by the 
name of Sheffield, and the inhabitants that do or shall, hereafter in- 
habit said township are hereby declared to be enfranchised and entitled 
to all the privileges and immunities that other towns within this state do, 
by law exercise and enjoy. To have and to hold the said granted 
premises as above expressed, with all the privileges and appurtenances 
thereto belonging and appertaining to them and their respective heirs 
and assigns forever upon the following conditions and reservations, viz., 
That each proprietor of the township of Sheffield aforesaid his heirs or 
assigns shall plant and cultivate five acres of land and build a house at 
least eighteen feet square on the floor or have one family settled on each 
respective right or share of land in said township, agreeably to the time 
limited by law, or to be hereafter limited and prescribed on penalty of the 
forfeiture of each respective right or share of land not so settled and im- 
proved as aforesaid, and the same to revert to the freemen of this State 
to be by their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear 
to settle and Cultivate the same. 

In testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this state to be 
affixed in council this* 25 th day of October in the year of our Lord, one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety three. 

Thos. Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Secretary. 
Recorded November 6, AD, 1827. 

Norman Williams, 

Secretary of State 

The words in the foregoing record underscored thus, are interlined 
in the original charter. N. Williams Sec. of State. 



spooner's gore 185 

[CHARTER OF SPOONER'S GORE] 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
State State of Vermont 

Seal 

To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting : 

Know Ye, that whereas the Honorable Paul Spooner Esquire and 
his associates our worthy friends have by petition requested a grant of a 
tract or gore of unappropriated lands within this state for settlement, 
situate lying and being between the town of Royalton and Tunbridge in 
this state bounded as follows, Beginning at a beach tree marked Stratford 
corner 1783 being the south east corner of Tunbridge — Then North fifty 
eight degrees west six miles in Tunbridge line to a stake and stones, seven 
links from a hemlock tree marked, Tunbridge S. W. corner 1783 — Then 
South twenty six degrees West sixty six chains and fifty links to a hemlock 
being the North west corner of Royalton, then south sixty degrees East four 
hundred sixty six chains in the northerly line of Royalton to a maple tree 
the North easterly corner of Royalton and then North forty degrees east 
fifty chains and fifty links to the bounds began at — We have therefore 
thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable design and for 
other valuable considerations us hereunto moving and do by these 
presents, In the name and by the Authority of the freemen of the state 
of Vermont give and grant the gore or tract of Land above bounded and 
described unto the said Paul Spooner and to the several persons herein- 
after named his associates viz — The Honorable Peter Olcott Esq r . The 
Reverend Lyman Potter Robert Haven, Joseph Haven, Calvin Park- 
hurst, John Hutchinson, Abijah Hutchinson, Hezekiah Hutchinson, 
John Parkhurst, Abel Hendin Moses Arduway, Benjamin Arduway, 
Elias Stevens and the widow Lois Button in the following places and 
proportions viz — To the said Peter Olcott three hundred acres to be 
laid out on the westerly part of the gore hereby granted to be divided 
from the remainder of said gore by a line running parallel with the 
westerly line of said gore — To the said Paul Spooner one hundred and 
ten acres adjoining the three hundred acres above mentioned and to be 
divided from the remainder of said gore by a line parallel to the easterly 
line of said three hundred acres — To the said Lyman Potter ninety 
acres adjoining the said one hundred & ten acres to be divided from the 
remainder of said gore by a line parallel with the easterly line of said one 
hundred and ten acres — To Nathan Woodbury one hundred acres ad- 
joining the said ninety acres and to be divided from the remainder of 
said gore by a line paralel to the easterly line of the said ninety acres, To 
the said Lois Button two hundred acres in the said tract and the re- 
mainder of said gore in equal shares to and among the said several other 
persons above named — 

And the said gore or tract of land be and is hereby annexed unto and 



I 86 CHARTER RECORDS 

hereafter shall be taken and reputed a part of the town of Tunbridge 
and the inhabitants which do or shall hereafter inhabit said gore shall 
be entitled to have and enjoy all the priviledges and immunities which 
the other inhabitants of Tunbridge aforesaid do and ought by law and 
the constitution of this state to exercise and enjoy. 

To have and to hold the said granted premises with all the pri- 
viledges and appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining unto 
the said grantees and their respective heirs and assigns forever in the 
places and proportions above mentioned as tenants in common and 
not as joint tenants upon the following conditions & reservations viz. 
That each proprietor in the gore before described his heirs or assigns 
shall plant and cultivate five acres of land and build an house of at 
least eighteen feet square on the floor or have one family settled on each 
respective right within the term of three years next after the second 
Thursday of October which will be in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and eighty seven on penalty of forfeiture of each 
respective right or share of land in said premises not so improved or 
settled. And that the same revert to the freemen of this state to be by 
their representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle 
and cultivate the same — And that all pine timber on the premises suit- 
able for a navy be reserved for the use and benefit of the freemen of 
this state — 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal of this state to be 
affixed in Council this twenty first day of June in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and eighty nve and in the year of 

the soverignty and Independence of this state — Tho 3 Chittenden 
By his Excellency's command 
Micah Townsend Secry. 

Recorded October sixteenth One thousand seven hundred and 
ninety two. 

attest Ros. Hopkins Sec y of State. 



THE CHARTER OF STARKSBOROUGH 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 

To all People, to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas, M r . David Bridia, and his associates, our 
worthy Friends, have by Petition requested a grant of a Tract of unap- 
propriated Lands, within this State, in order for settling a new Planta- 




STARKSBORO 



187 



tion, to be Erected into a Township; We Have therefore thought fit for 
the due Encouragement of their Laudable designs, & for other valuable 
considerations, us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents in the name 
and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and 
grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and bounded, unto the said 
David Bridia, and the several persons hereafter named his associates, in 
equal Shares viz 1 . The Hon ble Brigadier General John Stark, His Excel- 
lency Thomas Chittenden Esq r Edward Aikin (Deacon) Wait Palmer., 
Shadrach Hatheway, Simeon Hatheway Ju r , Jesse Belknap, Oliver Scott, 
Noah Chittenden, Aaron Haynes, John Warner, Alford Hatheway, Levi 
Hatheway, Zadock Averist, Amos Hale, Ammi Ruhami Robins, Gideon 
Horton, Phineas Sheldon, Stephen Pearl, Carlos Phinehas Sheldon, 
Ebenezer Walbridge, David Lee, David Lee Ju r William Manly, Andrew 
French, James Everts, Benjamin Shelton, Samuel SafFord, The Heirs 
of Isaac Nash, Abraham Underhill, Daniel Smith, Asa Farrand, Nathan 
Allen, Joseph Northrop Ju r Ebenezer Allen, William Goodrich, Joseph. 
Bowker, Gideon Ormsby, Jonathan Ormsby, Jebez Bingham, David 
Mitchel, Abraham Hatheway, John Strong, Martin Chittenden, Gills 
Chittenden, Truman Chittenden, Reuben Munger, Simeon Sears, Gove 
Meaker, Doctor Ezra Stiles, Noah Smith, Calvin Manley, Nathaniel 
CJElpman, Samuel Herrick, Thadeus Munson, Benjamin Wait, Simeon 
Hatheway, Ira Allen, Samuel Stacey, Daniel Shelton, Martin Powel, 
Joseph SafTord, James Gamble, Reuben Harmon Ju r , William Roberts, 
Joseph Farrand, and Christopher Roberts — which Together with the 
five following rights, or shares, that is Five Seventy third parts of said 
Tract reserved to the several public uses in manner following include 
the whole of said Township, viz 1 , Read, Which Tract of Land, hereby 
Given & Granted as aforesaid is bounded and discribed as follows viz c 
Charter Beginning, at the northeast corner of Monckton, Thence south in the line of 
Riptown, sa i£ ][{ onc kton to Pocock, then Easterly in the north line of Pocock, to the- 

ante words northeast Corner thereof, then southerly in the east line of Pocock Two miles 

with this & an half, then east three miles. Then North to the southerly line of Dux- 

for borough, or New Huntington, Then Northwesterly in the southerly lines, 

disposing Q j Duxborough, New Huntington, or Williston, to the Easterly line of 
Hinesburgh, Then South in the East line of Hinesburgh, to the Southeast 
corner thereof, Then west in the south line of Hinesburgh to the northeast 

corner of Moncton, the bounds Began at And that the same be and 

hereby is Incorporated into a Township by the name of Starksborough, 
and the Inhabitents that do, or shall hereafter Inhabit said Townships 
are declared to be infranchised, and Intitled to all the Priviledges, and 
Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns within this State do & 

ought by the Laws & Constitution of this State to exercise and Enjoy 

To Have and to Hold the said Granted Premises as above expressed, 
in equal Shares, with all the Privileges and appurtenances thereto 
belonging, and appertaining, unto them and their respective Heirs and 
assigns forever, upon the following Conditions & Reservations viz 1 that 
each Proprietor in the Township of Starksborough, aforesaid, His Heirs- 



READ 
The 



of the 
5 public 
Rights. 



1 88 CHARTER RECORDS 

or assigns shall plant, and cultivate, Five acres of Land, and build an 
House at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family 
settled on each respective Right, or share, within the Term of three 
years next after the circumstances of the war will admit of a settlement 
with Safety, on penalty of the forfieture of Each respective right or share 
of Land in said Township, not so improved or Settled, and the same to 
revert to the Freemen of this State, to be by their Representatives re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same — 
That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use and 
Benifit of the Freemen of this State — In Testimony, whereof We Have 
caused the seal of this State to be affixed in Council this ninth day of 
November in the 4 year of the Independence of this State Anque, 
Domini 1780. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Thomas Tolman Dep y . Sec y . 

Note. — The charter here printed from [Ms.] Vermont Charters, Vol. I, pp. 213-217 is 
again recorded on pages 3 and 4 of "Vol. II" [Ms.] Vermont Charters without substantial 
change. 



[CHARTER OF STERLING] 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
< — - — * State of Vermont 

(ls 1 

\ J To all people to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know Ye that whereas the Honorable Samuel SafTord, Esquire 
and his associates, to the number of sixty three have, by petition, re- 
quested a grant of a township of unappropriated lands for cultivation 
and settlement, We have, therefore, thought fit for the due encourage- 
ment of their laudable designs and for other valuable considerations us 
hereunto moving and do, by these presents, in the name and by the 
authority of the State of Vermont hereby give and grant unto the said 
Samuel SafTord and the several persons hereafter named his associates 
to wit. Samuel SafTord, Junior, John SafTord, Frederick Hopkins, 
Nathaniel Brush, Solomon Purdy, Jonas Rice, John Winchester Dana, 
Samuel Shepardson, John Gray, Adonijah Strong, Benjamin Paine, 
Jonathan Ormsby, Daniel Ormsby Abraham-Cornelius Lansing, Joseph 
Plumb, William Leamon, Junior. John Burgitt, Junior, John Hollen- 
beck, John Bates Strong Uriah Seymour, John Strong, David Whitney, 
John Strong Junior, William Douglass, Nathan Qsgood, Abel Larkin 



STERLING 189 

John Stark, James Brookins Jotham White, Gideon Spencer, Seth 
Storrs, Thomas Chittenden, Martin Chittenden, Giles Chittenden, 
Elias Hall, Joseph Farnsworth, Isaac Tichenor, Stephen Hopkins, Al- 
pheus Hall, Simeon Hathaway, Joseph Willoughby, Joseph Read, 
Junior, Samuel Fletcher Junior, George Foot, Samuel Robinson Thomas 
Tolman, Timothy Stanley, Daniel Ford, David Dimick, Benjamin 
Crane, Darius Post, Elisha Field, Junior, Jared Baldwin, Samuel 
Strong, John Shumway, Jonas Galusha, Amos Galusha. Nathaniel 
Spencer, Benajah Andrews, James Draper Junior and Ezekiel Brewster 
each one seventieth part and to Ira Allen three seventieth parts of the 
tract situate in the County of Franklin and known on the Surveyor 
general's map of this state by the name of "Sterling" and is more 
particularly described and bounded as follows: — Beginning^ a beach 
tree in the northwesterly Corner of Stow, marked "August 17, 1786" and 
running north sixty four degrees and fifteen minutes west in the northerly 
line of Mansfield to the northwesterly corner thereof, being a spruce tree 
marked "Underhill Corner Aug. 10, 1786" which is also the Northwesterly 
Corner of Underhill; thence north thirty six Degrees East, six miles forty 
three Chains and thirty four links to a stake in the East line of Cambridge 
Thence South fifty four Degrees East six miles to a Stake in the west line 
of Morristown bearing south eighty six Degrees East thirty nine links from 
a beach tree Marked Sterling Sept. 1788 Thence South thirty six Degrees 
West in the westerly line of Morristown, five miles thirty six Chains and 
Sixty six links to the place of beginning Containing twenty three thousand 
and forty Acres of Land in which tract of land there are hereby reserved 
for Public Uses five equal Rights, or shares as follows: One whole right 
or share for the use of the first settled minister of the gospel in said 
township; one right for the support of the ministry in said town; one 
right for the benefit of a college within this state; one right for the support 
of County Grammar schools within this state; and one right for the 
support of an english school or schools within said town. And the said 
tract is hereby incorporated into a township by the name of Sterling. 
And the inhabitants who do or shall hereafter inhabit said township are 
declared to be entitled to all the privileges and immunities, which the 
inhabitants of other towns, within this State do, by law exercise and 
enjoy. 

To have and to hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the priviledges and appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the 
aforesaid proprietors and grantees and to their heirs and assigns forever, 
upon the following conditions, to wit 

That each proprietor of the township of Sterling aforesaid, his heirs or 
assigns shall plant and cultivate five acres of land and build an house at 
least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one family settled on each 
respective right or share in said township, within the term of time pre- 
scribed by the laws of this state, on penalty of the forfeiture of each right 
or share of land not so settled or cultivated, and the same to revert to 



I9O CHARTER RECORDS 

the Freemen of this state, to be by their representatives regranted to 
such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. 

Given and granted by the General Assembly, by their act bearing 
date February, twenty fifth A. D. one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty two. 

In testimony of the foregoing I have caused the seal of this state to 
be hereto affixed. 

Given under my hand in the Council, at Danville this eighteenth 
day of October A. D. one thousand eight hundred and five and of the 
independence of the United States the thirtieth. 

Isaac Tichenor. 
By his Excellency's command 
Dav. Wing Jr. Sec y of State 
Recorded October 23 d AD 1827. 

Norman Williams, 

Secretary of State. 



THE CHARTER OF TURNERSBURGH 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
-* representatives of the freemen of vermont, 



I s 

/ To all People to zvhom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas Bela Tuurner Esquire and his associates 
our worthy Friends have by Petition requested a Grant of a Tract 
of unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling a 
New Plantition to be erected into a Township, We have therefore 
Thought fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable designs, 
and for other Valuable Considerations us hereunto Moving, and 
do by these Presents in the name and by the authority of the Free- 
men of Vermont give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed 
and bounded unto the said Bela Turner and the Several persons here- 
after Named his associates viz t His Excellency Thomas Chittenden 
Esq r , Benjamin Huntington Esq r Doct r Philip Turner Esq r Capt. 
Andrew Perkins, Joshua Perkins, Solomon Perkins, Capt. Simeon 
Carew, Capt. Joseph Carew, Zephaniah Huntington, Docf Joseph 
Perkins, Levi Huntington, Joseph Carpenter, Erastus Perkins, Prosper 
Whitman Perez Tracy, Benjamin Tracy, Peter Lathan, Doctor Elisha 
Tracy, Doctor Philiman Tracy, John Turner, William Pitt Ju r , Bela 
Turner, Ju r , Capt. Jared Tracy, Amasa Smith, Ezra Stiles Esq r Amos 
Robinson, Captain Elisha Burton, John Wheatley Esq r Daniel Wells, 



TURNERSBURGH I9I 

Elisha Lothrop Esq 1 " Benjamin Perkins, Capt. John Chapman, William 
Doughlas, Caleb Doughlas, Samuel Doughlas, Joshua Huntington, 
Barnabas Morse, Asa Utley, William Utley, Nathaniel Wheatley, 
Ebenezer Curtis, Edmund Hodges, Benjamin Dana, Judah Dana, 
Thomas Mattison, William Ward (of Shaftsbury) John Lascel, George 
Doughlas, Doughlas Chapman, John Chapman, Ju r Richard Chapman, 
Charles Hill, Charles Saxton, Clap Sumner, Elijah Dewey Ju r , Terry 
Doughlas, Levi Hyde, Joseph Martin, Nathan Durkee, Asa Edgerton, 
Hiver Griswold, Daniel Hough, John Woodward, Moses Robinson' 
John House, John W. Dana, Timothy Brownson, Noadiah Bissel, 
Benjamin Giles, and Simeon Peck; Together with five equal Shares or 
Rights to be appropriated to the Public uses following, viz* one share or 
Right for the use of a Seminary or College within this State; one share 
or Right for the use of the County Grammer Schools throughout this 
State; One share or Right for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in 
said Township, to be disposed of for that purpose as the Inhabitents 
thereof shall direct; One Share or Right for the Support of the Ministry, 
and one share or right for the Benifit of a School or Schools within said 
Township; The following Tract or Parcel of Land Bounded as Follow- 
eth, viz 1 Beginning, at the North west Conner of Vershire, Then Southerly 
in the Line of Vershire to an angle thereof being the Northeasterly corner of 
Tunbridge, Then westerly in the line of Tunb ridge to an angle thereof ", Then 
Northerly until Turning south 57 D° East will Strike the bounds began at 
and Containing Twenty three Thousand and Forty acres. And that the 
same be and is hereby Incorporated into a Township by the name of 
Turnersburgh, and the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter inhabit 
said Township are declared to be infranchised and intitled to all the 
Priviledges & Immunities that other Towns within this State do by Law 
exercise and Enjoy. To Have and to Hold, the said granted premises 
as above expressed with all the Priviledges & appurtenences thereunto 
belonging to :hem and their Respective Heirs & assigns forever under 
the following conditions & reservations viz 1 that each respective pro- 
prietor of said Township of Turnersburgh his heirs or assigns shall plant 
& cultivate Five acres of Land and build an house at least Eighteen feet 
square on the Floor, or have one Family Settled on each respective share 
orrightof Land in said Township, within theTermof Fouryears next after 
the Circumstances of the War will admit of it with Safety on the pain 
of the Forfieture of his respective share or Right of Land in said Town- 
ship, and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, to be by their 
Representatives Regranted to such Persons as shall appear to Settle and 
Cultivate the same; That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy shall be 
reserved to and for the use and Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In 
Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be 
affixed hereunto this Fourth day of August in the year of our Lord 1781, 
n the 5 th year of the Independence of this State and Sixth of the United 
States. 

m Thomas Chittenden 

By His Excellency 3 
Command. 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 




192 CHARTER RECORDS 

THE CHARTER OF TWO HEROES 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 

To all People to zvhom these Presents shall come Greeting. 

Know ye, that whereas, Colonels, Ethan Allen, & Samuel 
Herrick, and their associates our worthy Friends, have by Petition 
requested a Grant of a Certain large Island, lying, and being, situate 
in Lake Champlain, in this State, and know sometimes by the name of 
the Grand Isle Alias Great Island, in order for settling and Culti- 
vating the same and thereon making a New plantation; We Have there- 
fore thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, and 
for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, and do by these 
Presents in the name & by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of 
Vermont, give and Grant the Tract of Land or Island aforesaid, here- 
after more fully discribed & bounded, unto them the said Ethan Allen, 
& Samuel Herrick, & to the several persons hereafter named their 
associates viz 1 Thomas Chittenden, Joseph Bowker, Jonas Fay, Ti- 

• mothy Brownson, Ira Allen, Jeremiah Clark, Paul Spooner, John Fas- 
sett Ju r Thomas Chandler Ju r John Throop, Benjamin Emmons, Samuel 
Fletcher, Benjamin Garner, Nathan Clark, Samuel Robinson, David 
Galusha, Mathew Lyon, Daniel Comstock, Martin Powel, Joshua 
Fitch, Adonijah Strong, Moses Robinson (ruport) Ithamer Hibberd W m 
Fitch, William Ward, Jesse Belknap, Thomas Rowley, William Gage, 
Solomon Stanton, Nedebiah Angel, Ezekiel Clark, Aaron Kellogg, Uriah 
Seymour Ju r Samuel Robinson Ju r , John Smith (of Rutland east side)> 

—Ebenezer Drewry, Timothy Barker, Nathan Foot, Isaac Clark, John 
Noyce, William Samuel Johnson, Hubbel Weils, Edward Harris, Silas 
Hamilton, William Williams, Jonathan Underwood, Ebenezer Merrick, 
Jonathan Knight, Jason Duncan, Abner Miles, Nathaniel Robinson, 
Joshua Webb, Reuben Jones, Edward Aikin, William Upham, John 
Russel, Ebenezer Curtis, Benjamin Wait, Andrew Spear, Nathan How- 
land, Joseph Tucker, Azariah Wright, Judah Moore, Bethel Hurd, 
John Marsh, Elkanah Sprague, Jonathan Cadey, Joseph Wood, Joel 
Butler, Alexander Parmalee, Daniel Pinneo, Samuel Webbster Ju r 
George Smith, Steel Smith, Noadiah Russel, John Coffin, Gershom 
Beach, Beriah Green, Joseph Bradley, Hezekiah Hooker, David Robin- 
son, William Hunter, John Powell, Nehemiah Lovel, Elias Keys, Francis 
W T hitmore, Abel Dimmick, John Train, Abner Blanchard, William Hill, 
Caleb Owen, Amos Peabody, Thomas Hunt, John Hamilton, Samuel 
King, Josiah Boyden, Isaac Wheeler, Calvin Bill, Thomas Stearns, 
Matthew Long, William Stearns, John Eliot Chandler, Josiah Locke, 

* Simeon Hatheway, Jesse Safford, William Gallup, Joel Mathews, 
Joseph Powers, John SpafTord, Orange Train, Elisha Kilburn, James 
Smith, John Ashley, Elkanah Ashley, James Brookins, John Eaton, 



TWO HEROES 193 

Cephas Kent, Amos Brownson, David Safford, John Wood, David 
Spafford, Thomas Rowley Ju r Stephen Pearl, Jonathan Ormsby, 
Ebenezer Fisk, Trueman Powel, John Payne Ju r , Col° Roswell Hopkins, 
Joshua Tucker, Peter Walker, Amos Chamberlain, Robert Johnson, 
William Powers of Woodstock John Shepardson, William Pitkin (Hart- 
ford) Nathaniel Killam, Richard Wallis, Samuel Webster Ju r Gideon 
Warren Ezra Stiles, D. D. Joel Marsh, Nathan Richardson, John Ful- 
som, Joseph Fay, Benjamin Hopkins, Samuel Safford, John Fisk, 
Stephen Powers, Amos Robinson, Fradrick Smith, Asa Whetcombe, 
Nathaniel Brush, Levi Goodnough, Moses Johnson, Daniel Jewet, 
Jeremiah Williams, John Smith (of Chester) Silas Hamilton Ju r , Elisha 
Pratt, James Gray, Robert Bratten, Abner Moore, Chipman Swift, 
Bezalael Waffts, Joseph Tyler, Adna Banggs, Isaac Stowell, John Whit- 
ney Ju r Jabez Sergeants Ju r DaVid'Thurber v Ignatius Spraugue, Phine- 
has Rust, Seth Hodges, Lot Whitcombe, Amasa Powers, Fry Bayley, 
Jacob Wood, Ephraim Wood, Ethan Pier, Ebenezer Hyde, John Tilden, 
Nathaniel Smith, James Hooker, George Foot, Peter Roberts, Ebenezer 
Morse, John Cochran, Samuel Benton, Jacob Smith, Jeremiah Whel- 
pley, John Sawyer, David Brydia, Ebenezer Wallis, Curtis Kelsey, Jonas 
Galusha, Elijah Dewey, Job Stafford, Leonard Spawlding, Isaac Cham- 
berlain, Elias Chamberlian, John Strong 2 d , James Saunders, James 
Hopkins, Jabez Bozideth, James Longworthy, Joseph Lyman, Henry 
Hopkins, Ebenezer Allen. L : riah Seymour, Zebulon Mead, Daniel Purdee, 
Jesse Sawyer, John Fay, Joseph Safford, Nathaniel Holmes, Daniel 
Herrick, Leonard Robinson, Daniel Storry, Oliver Sanford, John 
Fassett, Stephen Fay, Zadock Everist, Parmalee Allen, Andrew Barton, 
Benjamin Averist, Jonathan Saxton, Benjamin Fay, Jonathan Robin- 
son, Stephen Mead, James Averist, John Stark, Eldad Brownson, 
Jonathan Fassett, Stephen Hopkins, W m Maltbie, John Benjamin, 
Thomas Cooper, John Lovejoy, Ebenezer Wood, Richard Wait, Solo- 
mon Strong, Samuel Allen, John Smith Sylvanus Brown, Thomas i 
Ashley, Josiah Grant, Reuben Rowley, Isaac Tichenor, Joseph Smith, 
Thomas Sawyer, Reuben Hermon, Gideon Adams, John Boardman, 
Daniel Coit, Oliver Train, Stephen Jenner, Israel Smith (of The ford), 
Joshua Stanton, Amos Fassett, Shadrach Hatheway, Samuel Billings, 
Roswel Hopkins, Jesse Field, Josiah Fay, Moses Robinson Ju r , Martin 
Chittenden, Gills Chittenden, John Lee, James Murdock, Samuel 
Horsford, Nathan Allen, Jacob Safford, Silas Robinson, Ezekiel Brew- 
ster, William Brush, Benjamin Robinson 3 d Amos Galusha, John Suther- 
land, Jeremiah Clark Ju r , Stephen Lawrence, Nathan Brownson, Ben- 
jamin Corey, Peter Harwood, Benjamin Matterson, Ithamer Horsford, 
Stephen Smith, Timothy Parker, Benjamin Whipple, Nehemiah Whip- 
ple, Abraham Jackson Ju r , Major Robert Cochran, James Roberts, 
Elisha Allen, John Grant, Peter How Enoch Woodbridge, Jared Knap, 
Enoch Eastman, Isaac Knap, John Stewart, James Lewis, Simeon 
Lyman Ju r , William Blanchard, Josiah Perry, Amos Huntington, 
Richard Barnum, Asahel Blanchard. Amos Watson, Ezra Mead, Robert 



194 CHARTER RECORDS 

Cochran, William Henry, Katey Maltbie, Joseph Rudd, William Hooker, 
Simeon Hatheway Ju r , Henry Walbridge 2 d , Gideon Spencer, Nathaniel 
Spencer, Thomas Hooker, Elijah Fay, David Chamberlain, Comfort 
Starr, Abner Chamberlain, Abner Sealey, Levi Hatheway, Henry Clark, 
Samuel Sutherland, The Heirs of Abel Moulton, Abraham Jacob Lan- 
singh, Jonathan Peirce. David Stone Peirce, Azel Warshburn, James 
Bracket, Peter Farnum, Joshua Smith, Andrew Potter, Luther Filmore, 
Izaac Miller, Nathan Smith, Solomon SarTord, Benjamin Perry, Ti- 
mothy Bartholomew, Ezra Fellows, Heber Allen, David Hoit, Ebeneze.' 
Hovey Ju r , Uzziel Clark, Chileab Brainard Smith, Eliphalet Dyer, 
Thomas Tolman, Timothy Stanley, Noah Chittenden, Elijah Galusha, 
Silas Safford, The Hiers of Philip Perry, Dec d , the Heirs of Thomas Corn- 
stock, Dec d , the Hiers of John Coburn Dec d , Jonathan Wheaton, 
Solomon Robins, George Harris, Simeon Avvery, Carline Allen & 
Lorrain Allen. Which Together with the six following Rights or equal 
Shares reserved to the several Public uses in manner following, include 
the whole of said Island viz* on the south Part thereof, (or what is some- 
times called the south Island,) one Right for the first Settled Minister of 
the Gospel; one Right for the Support of the Ministry, and one Right for 
the Support of an English School, or Schools, And on the north Part 
thereof (or what is sometimes called the north Island) an equal Number 
of Rights, for the same uses, & purposes, the whole to be Located by the 
Proprietors of said Island justly & equitably, or quantity for quality, in 
such parts of said Island or Islands, respectively as they or their Com- 
mittee, shall judge will Least incommode the Inhabitents of said 
Island when the same shall be fully settled & improved; which 
said six Rights or equal Shares, when Located as aforesaid, shall 
Together with their improvements, Rights, Rents, Profiets, Dues, 
and Intrest, remain Unalianably appropriated to the uses & pur- 
poses, for which they are respectively assigned, & be under the 
charge, direction, and disposal of the Inhabitents of said Island for- 
ever. Which Tract of Land, or Island, hereby given and Granted, as 
aforesaid, is bounded & discribed as follows viz 1 Beginning, at the south 
End of a Large Island (commonly called the Grand Isle) (or Grand Deal) 
situate in Lake Champlain, about three miles north of the mouth of onion 
River, Then extending Northerly, at low water Mark, boath on the Easterly, 
iff westerly shores of s d Island to the most Northerly Parts thereof, con- 
taining by estimation, about sixteen thousand acres of Land be the same more 
or less, Then Beginning at the south End of a Large Island commonly called 
Long Island, situate in Lake Champlain, about one hundred Rods, Northerly 
of the aforesaid Island, Then Extending Northerly at Low Water Mark, 
Boath on the Easterly iff westerly shores of said Island to the most Northerly 
Part thereof, containing by Estimation about Seven thousand acres of Land 
be the same more or Less, containing in the whole by estimation about 
Twenty three Thousand Acres, be the same more or less. And, that the 
same be & hereby is Incorporated into one district, Township, or In- 
corporation by the name of the Two, Heroes, and the Inhabitents that 



VERSHIRE I95 

do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Township, or Islands, by virtue of this 
Grant are declared to be Infranchised, and Intitled to all the Priviledges 
& Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns do & ought by the 
Laws & constitution of this State to exercise & Enjoy — To Have and 
to Hold, the said Granted Premises as above expressed, in equal 
Shares or Rights, with all the Priviledges, and appurtenences thereto 
belonging or appertaining unto them and their Respective Heirs 
forever, upon the following conditions viz 1 ihat each Proprietor in the 
said Two Heroes, his heirs, or assigns, shall Plant & cultivate two acres 
of Land, or have one Family Settled on each respective Right, within the 
Term of one year next after the Conclusion of the Present War, on 
penalty of the Forfieture of each respective Right or Share of Land in 
said Island not so improved, or settled, & the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State, to be by their Representatives, Regranted to 
such persons as shall appear to Settle and cultivate the same, In Testi- 
mony, whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed In 
Council this 27 day of October AD 1779. And in third year of the 
Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF VERSHIRE 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
. Freemen of the State of Vermont. 



«■ 



To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 



Know ye, that whereas Captain Abner Seelye, and his Associates, 
our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a Tract of 
unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for settling a new 
Plantation, to be erected into a Township; We have therefore 
thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, and 
for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving; And do, by these 
Presents, In the Name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State 
of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and 
bounded unto him the said Abner Seelye, and to the several Persons 
hereafter named his Associates, viz 1 ; Samuel Clark. Nathan Allen, 
Jesse Leavenworth, John Powell, Amos Chamberlain, William Marston, 
John Marston, Aaron Post, Timothy Bartholomew, Simeon Marcy, 
Zenos Marcy, William Goodrich, Silas Peepon, Benjamin Peepon, 



I96 CHARTER RECORDS 

Henry W. Dwight, Ariel Bingham, Jonathan Ingersoll, David Pixley, 
Stephen Nash, Ashbael Strong, Sybbil Goodrich, Joseph Fisk, Roswell 
Smith, Samuel King, Zebina Curtis, Ebenezer Fisk, John W. Dana, 
David Dana, Briant Brown, Edward Brownson, John Boardman, 
Thomas Chittenden, Ebenezer Leonard, Reuben Buckingham, James 
Anderson, John Fasset, James Hill of Sunderland, John Fasset Jun r , 
Noah Chittenden, Elijah Galusha, Jonathan Sawyer, Joseph Downer, 
Isaac Chamberlain, Stephen Dewey, Eldad Dewey, Amos Fasset, 
Thomas Butterfield, Matthew Lyon, Abner Bartholomew, John Wood- 
worth, Jerathmeel Powers, Joseph Bowker, Samuel Smith, Nathaniel 
Jones, Eleazer Taft, Joel Walker, James Hill, John Chamberlain, 
Gershom Morse, Aaron Taft, Michael Titus, Lenox Titus, John Clap 
and Theodorus Woodward; which, together with the five following 
Rights, reserved to the several uses in manner following, include the 
whole of said Tract or Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the use of a Sem- 
inary or Colledge; one Right for the use of County Grammar Schools in 
said State; Lands, to the amount of one Right, to be and remain for the 
purpose of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said 
Township forever; Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of 
the social worship of GOD in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of 
one Right, for the support of an English School or Schools in said 
Township. Which said two Rights, for the use of a Seminary or Col- 
ledge, and for the use of County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the 
Improvements, Rents, Interests and Profits arising therefrom, shall be 
under the Controul, Order, Direction and Disposal of the General 
Assembly of said State forever. And the Proprietors of said Township 
are hereby authorised and empowered, to locate said two Rights justly 
and equitably, or quantity for quality, in such parts of said Township, 
as they or their Committee shall judge will least incommode the General 
Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the said Proprietors are 
further empowered, to locate the Lands aforesaid, amounting to three 
Rights, assigned for the Settlement of a Minister and Ministers — for 
their Support — and for the use and support of English Schools, in such, 
and in so many places as they or their Committee shall judge will best 
accommodate the Inhabitants of said Town when the same shall be 
fully settled and improved, laying the same equitably, or quantity for 
quality. Which said Lands, amounting to the three Rights last men- 
tioned, when located as aforesaid, shall, together with their Improve- 
ments, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues and Interests, remain unalienably 
appropriated for the uses & purposes for which they are respectively 
assigned; and be under the Charge, Direction and Disposal of the In- 
habitants of said Township forever. — Which Tract of Land, hereby 
Given and Granted as aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, 
viz 1 ; "Beginning at the South Westerly Corner of Corinth, then Easterly 
in the line of Corinth to an Angle thereof, being also the Northwesterly 
Corner of Fair lee; then Southerly in the line of Fair lee to an Angle thereof, 
being also the Northeasterly Corner of Strafford; then Westerly in the line 



VICTORY I97 

of Strafford to an angle thereof; then Northerly to the Bound began at. 19 
And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, by 
the Name of Vershire. And the Inhabitants that do, or shall inhabit 
said Township, are declared to be infranchised, and entitled to all the 
Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns within 
this State do, and ought, by the Laws and Constitution of this State, 
to exercise and enjoy. To Have Sc to Hold the said Granted Premises, 
in equal Shares, with all the Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto be- 
longing and appertaining, unto them and their respective Heirs and 
Assigns forever; upon the following Conditions and Reservations, viz 1 , 
That each Proprietor in the Township of Vershire aforesaid, his Heirs 
or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of Land, and build an 
House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, or have one Family 
settled on each respective Right within the term of Three Years, next 
after the circumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement with 
safety: on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective Right of Land in 
said Township, not so improved or settled; and the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State, to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such 
Persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use & Benefit of the 
Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof, We have caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed, in Council, this Third Day of August 
A. D. 1781. And in the 5 th Year of the Independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Thq. Tqlman Dep y . Secr y . 



THE CHARTER OF VICTORY 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
* — * — » Freemen of Vermont. 

its) 

\ ' ' ! To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 

Know ye that whereas Captain Ebenezer Fisk and his Associates, 
our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a Tract of 
Land within this State of Six Miles square, in order for settling a New 
Plantation, to erected into a Township; we have therefore thought 
fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, and for other 
valuable considerations us hereunto moving; And do, by these Presents, 
in the name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of Vermont, Give and 
Grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and bounded, unto the 



I98 CHARTER RECORDS 

said Ebenezer Fisk, and the several Persons hereafter named his Asso- 
ciates, viz 1 ; Jonathan Bull, Ezekiel Cowies, William Wadsworth, 
Timothy Root, Seth Lee, Elisha Brewster, Elijah Loveland, George 
Hubbart, Charles Case, Job Case, Xehemiah Pruden, David Phelps, 
Elisha Strong, Elijah Cowies Jun r , Younglove Cutler, Timothy Porter, 
Isaac Pratt, Joseph Strong, James Cornish Jun r , Ezekiel Messenger, 
Noah Phelps, Ichabod E. Fisk, Isaac Fisk, Lambert Lockwood, Nathan 
Holten, Seth Mun, Thomas Wells Dickenson, Jonathan Dickenson, 
Considerate Dickenson, Lemuel Holton, Titus Dickenson, Moses Tuttle, 
Samuel Newell, Daniel Curtis, Richard Gay Jun r , Benjamin Stebbins, 
Heman Day, Samuel Leonard, Benjamin Ely, John Miller, John Tuthill, 
Daniel Tuthill Jun r , John Hend k Eude, Joshua Lamb Woodbridge, 
Joshua Woodbridge, Seth Murray, David Murray, Nathan Flint, 
Ebenezer Field Jun r , Rodolphus Wright Field, Bohan Prentice Field, 
Joseph Clark, Thomas Chittenden, Samuel Merriman, Joseph Stebbins 
Jun r , Asa Stebbins, Dennis Stebbins, Charles Case, Job Case Jun r , 
Noah A. Phelps, John Fisk, Samuel King, James Dana and Solomon 
Fisk; which, together with the five following Rights, reserved to the 
several Uses in manner following, include the whole of said Township 
viz 1 , one Right for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; One Right for 
the use of County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount 
of one Right, to be and remain for the Purpose of Settlement of a Minis- 
ter and Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands, to the 
amount of one Right for the support of the social Worship of God in said 
Township; and Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of an 
English School or Schools in s d Township. Which said two Rights, for 
the use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for the Use of County Grammar 
Schools as aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, Interests and Pro- 
fits arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul. Order, Direction, & 
Disposal of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the 
Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised and empowered to 
locate said two Rights justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in 
such parts of said Township, as they or their Committee shall judge, 
will least incommode the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. 
And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered to locate the 
Lands aforesaid, amounting to Three Rights, assigned — for the settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers — for their Support — and for the Use 
and Support of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places, as they 
or their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants 
of said Township when the same shall be fully settled and improved; 
laying the same equitably, or quantity for quality. Which said Lands, 
amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as afore- 
said, shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, 
Dues and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the Uses and 
Purposes for which they are respectively assigned; and be under the 
Charge, Direction, & Disposal, of the Inhabitants of said Township 
forever, which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as afores d is 



WAITS FIELD 1 99 

bounded and described as follows, viz', "Beginning at the North West- 
erly Corner of Lunenburg; then North 45° West, in the Line of Lands here- 
tofore granted, Eight Miles; then South 45 West, so far, as that, to turn 
South 4J East, so far as that a Line being extended from the North West 
Comer of Lunenburg, southerly, in the line of Lunenburg, if! continuing 
the same Course until it intersects the aforesaid Line, South 45 East, will 
encompass the contents of Six Miles square." 

And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, by 
the Name of Victory. And the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised, and entitled to 
all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns 
within this State do, and ought, by the Laws and Constitution of this 
State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said granted 
Premises, as above expressed, with all the Priviledges and Appurtenances 
thereto belonging and appertaining, unto them and their respective 
Heirs and Assigns forever, upon the following Conditions and Reserva- 
tions, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor of the Township of Victory aforesaid, 
his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of Land, and 
build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, or have one 
Family settled, on each respective Right, within the Term of Three 
Years, next after the Circumstances of the war will admit of a Settlement 
with Safety: on penalty of the Forfeiture of each Right of Land in said 
Township not so improved or settled, and the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State, to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such 
Persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use and Benefit of the 
Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set 
my Hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, In Council, 
this Sixth Day of September, A: D. 17S1. And in the 5 th Year of our 
Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho.Tolman Dep y . Secr y . 



THE CHARTER OF WAITSFLELD 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye, that whereas it has been represented to us by our worthy 
friends the Hon ble General Roger Enos, Col° Benjamin Wait & com- 



2CO CHARTER RECORDS 

pany to the number of seventy, that there is tract of vacant Land, within 
this State, which has not been heretofore granted, which they pray may 
be granted to them. We have therefore thought fit for the due en- 
couragement of settling a new plantation, & other valuable considerations 
us hereunto moving. Do by by these presents in the name & by the 
authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont, give & grant unto the 
said Roger Enos, Benjamin Wait & the several persons hereafter 
named their associates Viz 1 Joel Mathews, Daniel Mathews, James 
Mathews, Ephraim Edey, Nathan Edey, Barnabas Strong, Aaron 
Whipple, Ezekiel Rooks, Charles Nelson, Daniel Brown, Amasa Brown, 
William Lathrop, Luther Richards, Sanford Kinsbury, Charles Kings- 
bury, Reuben Spencer, Barnabas Spencer, John W. Dana, Ebenezer 
Brown, Samuel Harriss, Samuel Treat, Edward Whitman, Ezra Jones, 
Zebulon Lee, Joseph York, Gideon Luis, Moses Levet, Christopher 
York, Benja n Burk, Enoch Emmerson, John Benjamin, John Strong, 
Theophilus Clark, Wm Strong, Andrew Spawlding, Ammi Curer, 
Solomon Burk, Gilbert Hodges, Benajah Strong, Stephen Jacobs, Joseph 
Farnsworth, Amos Bigelow, Ephraim Smith, Beriah Green, Stephen 
Tilden John Marsh, Roger Enos Jun r , Solomon Strong, Isaac Dana, 
Charles Killim Ju r Isaac Maine, John Hodges, Pascal P. Enos, Noadiah 
Bissell, John Barret, Stephen Maine, Daniel King, Stephen Keyes, 
Gilbert Wait, Joseph Fay, Ezra Wait, George Denison, James Hawley, 
John Bean, Dearing Spears, Josiah Averil John Fay, & Eli Willard, 
Together with five equal shares to be appropriated to public uses as 
follows Viz 1 One Share for the use of a Seminary or College within this 
State. One Share for the use of grammar Schools throughout this State, 
One Share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel in said Township, 
to be disposed of as the inhabitants within said Town shall direct, One 
Share for the support of the Ministry to be disposed of in like manner, 
for that purpose & One Share for the benefit & Support of a school or 
Schools within said Town to be disposed of for that purpose as aforesaid; 
The following tract or parcel of Land Viz. Beginning at a stake ^ 
Stones in the southwesterly corner of Moretown, thence running south forty 
six degrees 30 Minutes East in the line of Moretozun to the Southeasterly 
corner thereof, thence south forty four degrees west in the westerly line of 
Northfield, five Miles c5 27 Chains to a Spruce Staddle standing in the 
northerly Line of Roxbury or Warren, Thence in the northerly line of 
Warren North 6i° West about six miles to a beach tree Marked June 17 th 
1787. Thence North 41 D° East six Miles 67 Chains ^ 40 Links to the 
first mentioned bounds, Containing 2J, 040 Acres, And that the same be & 
is hereby incorporated into a Township by the name of Waitsfield & 
the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are 
declared to be enfranchised & entitled to all the privileges and im- 
munities that other Towns within this State do by Law exercise & enjoy. 
To Have and to Hold the said granted premises as above expressed 
with all the privileges and appurtenances to them and their respective 
Heirs & Assigns forever, Uppon the following Conditions and reserva- 



WALDEX 20I 

tions viz 1 . That each proprietor of the Township of Waitsfield 
aforesaid his heirs or assigns shall plant and cultivate live Acres of Land 
& build a house at least Eighteen feet square on the floor or have one 
family settled on each respective right or share of Land in said Township 
agreeable to the time allotted by the Legislature of this State, on penalty 
of the forfeiture of his right or Share of Land in said Township; And the 
same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their representatives 
regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same. 
In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand & caused the 
Seal of this State to' be affixed this 25 th day of February 1782 & in the 
Sixth Year of the independence of this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By his Excellency 5 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — The foregoing is recorded in [Ms.j Vermont Charters, Vol. I, pp. 265-267. 
This charter is again recorded in [Ms.] Vermont Charters, Vol. Ill, pp. 22-25 without 
substantial change except as to the spelling of the names of some of the proprietors. 



THE CHARTER OF WALDEN 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly, of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, 



"} 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 



Know ye, That whereas The Hon ble Moses Robinson Esquire, 
and his associates, our worthy Friends, have by Petition Requested a 
Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State, in order for 
settling a New Plantation to be erected into a Township; We, Have 
therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable de- 
signs and for other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, And do 
by these Presents, in the name & by the Authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont, give & Grant the Tract of Land hereafter discribed & 
bounded unto him the said Moses Robinson, and to the several persons 
hereafter named his associates in equal Shares, viz 1 Hiram Horton, 
Nathan Allen, Samuel Horsford, Oliver Barret of Williamstown, Jesse 
Averil, Jonathan Hoit, Aaron Horsford, Thomas Chittenden, Joseph 
Averil, Ithamer Horsford, Charles McArthur, Heber Squire, Richard 
Mattison, Daniel Owen, Nathaniel Robinson, Ezra Baker, Colonel John 
Strong, Ripley Torry, Jonas Sprague, Noah Chittenden, John Knicker- 
bacor, Jabez Palmer, Ethan Allen, Benjamin Fassett, Benjamin Sumner, 
Asa Jones, Elisha Clark, Matthew Lyon, Elijah Galusha Ju r , Beaulah 



202 



CHARTER RECORDS 



READ 
the 

Charter 

ofRiptown 

which is in 

the same 

words with 

this, for 

disposing 

of the 

5 public 

Rights 



Galusha, John Fassett, John Fasset Ju r , John Hancock Douglass, 
Thomas Lindsey, Lyman Hitchcock, John Sibbley, Jonas Fay, Nathan 
Fassett, Samuel Herrick, Justus Mitchel, Simeon Sears, Evans Chance, 
Seth Petibone, Simeon Hatheway Ju r , Dudley Averill, James Gamble, 
Daniel Adams, Ebenezer Adams, Jesse Levensworth, Russel Clark, Zina 
Dennison, Thomas Trowbridge, William Holmes, Benjamin Webster, 
Edmund French, Parsons Clark, John Blake, William Levensworth, 
Daniel Coy, Samuel Forbs, Abigail Gunn, Lemuel Buck Ju r , David 
Smith Ju r , Samuel Fletcher, & Lemuel Bradley — which Together with the 
five following Rights or equal Shares, reserved to the several Public uses 
in manner following, include the whole of said Tract or Township viz 1 
(Read) Which Tract of Land hereby given and Granted as aforesaid is 
bounded & discribed as follows viz 1 Beginning at * 

[State Papers Vt (Ms.) i: 89A] 

Bounds for No. 22 (Walden) 

Beginning at the Northwesterly Corner of N° 21 Then North Thirty six 
degrees East six miles, Then south Fifty four degrees East six miles, 
Then south Thirty six degrees west six miles, Then North fifty four de- 
grees west six Miles to the bounds began at 



And that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a Township by 
the name of Walden, and the inhabitents that do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised, and intitled to 
all the Privileges & Immunities that the Inhabitents of other Towns 
within this State, do & ought by the Laws & Constitution of this State 
to exercise & enjoy. — To Have, and to Hold the said Granted Premises 
as above expressed, with all the Priviledges & appurtenences thereunto 
belonging & appertaining unto them and their Respective Heirs and 
assigns forever upon the following conditions and Reservations viz 1 
That each Proprietor in the Township of Walden, aforesaid, his heirs 
or assigns, shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land & build an house 
at least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family settled 
on each respective Right within the Term of three Years next after 
the circumstances of the war will admit of a Settlement with Safety, 
on penalty of the forfieture of each respective Right or share of Land 
in said Township, not so improved or settled, and the same to revert 
to the freemen of this State to be by their Representatives Regranted 
to such persons as shall appear to Settle and cultivate the Same, That 
all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use and 

*Be it remembered that on the sixteenth day of October one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety eight the boundaries of the town of Walden, certified by the Surveyor General 
were received on file in this office. 

Attest Ros. Hopkins Secy. 



WALDEX GORE 203 

Benifit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof We 
have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this 18 th 
day of August in the year of our Lord 1781. & in the 5 year of our 
Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency 55 Command 
Thomas Tolman, D. Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF WALDEN GORE 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

To all people to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know Ye that whereas our worthy friends, General Samuel 
Safford and Company to the Number of Eighteen, have by Petition 
requested a Grant of unlocated Lands within this State, for the Settling; 
We therefore thought fit for the due encouragement of their Laudable 
designs, and for other valuable Causes and considerations us hereunto 
moving, do by these presents in the name and by the authority of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont, give and Grant unto the said Samuel 
Safford and Company, the Tract of Land hereafter discribed and 
bounded, to be divided into equal Shares as follows viz 1 James Cowden, 
Hugh Montgomery, Samuel Smith, Jonathan Bawldin, Noah Smith 
(of Middletown) Josiah Cheney Richard Hurd, Gideon Olin, Joshua 
Webb, Peter Olcott, Samuel Fletcher, Solomon Safford, Bramton 
Hitchcock, Wheler Doughlas, David Fassett, Jacob Bayley, & Jesse 
Levensworth; which Tract of Land hereby given and Granted as afore- 
said, is bounded and discribed as follows viz 1 Lying and being east of the 
Township of Walden, Begining at the southeasterly corner of Walden \3 
runing North 36 D° east six miles in the easterly line of Walden to a Stake 
eight links east from a beach tree Marked Walden Corner 1786, Then 
south 54. D° east one Mile 43 chains & 30 links, Then south 36 D° west six 
miles, then North 34 D° west one mile 43 chains iy 30 links to the bounds 
began at, containing five thousand nine hundred & Twenty Eight acres 
which is equal to Eighteen Rights in Walden — And that the same be & 
is hereby incorporated into a district by the name of Walden Gore — 
And the Inhabitents that do or shall hereafter inhabit said district, Are 
hereby declared to be Enfranchised, and Entituled to all the privileges 
and immunities of Citizens & exercise all the Legal Power and authority 



204 CHARTER RECORDS 

in Support of their enternal rights as fully and amply as other Incorp- 
orated districts within this State do by Law exercise and enjoy. 

To have and to hold the said Granted premises as expressed in the 
aforesaid Grant, with all the privileges and appurtenences thereunto 
belonging and appertaining to them, and their respective heirs & assigns 
forever upon the following Conditions & reservations viz 1 that each 
proprietor of the said district of Walden Gore, his heirs or assigns, shall 
plant and cultivate five acres of Land and build a house at least eighteen 
feet square on the floor, or have one family settled on each respective 
right Within the Term of four years from the Time of Surveying the 
out lines of said Gore, on penalty of the Forfieture of each respective 
right or share of Land in said district not so settled and improved, and 
the Same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their Repre- 
sentatives Regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle and 
cultivate the same — And that all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy, be 
reserved for the use" & benifit of the Freemen of this State — In Testi- 
mony whereof we have caused the seal of this State to be hereunto 
affixed in Council this 22 d day of October in the year of our Lord 1782. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — The Charter here printed from [Ms.] Vermont Charters, Vol. I, pp. 311, 312 
is again recorded on pp. 379, 380 of said volume without substantial change. 



THE CHARTER OF WARDSBOROUGH 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of Rep- 
' « resentatives of the freemen of vermont. — 



{ -■ } 



To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting :- 



Know ye that whereas it has ben represented to us, by our worthy 
friend William Ward, of New Fane in the County of Windham, in this 
State, and Company to the Number of sixty that there is a tract of 
vacant Land within this State which has not heretofore been Granted, 
which they pray may be granted to them — We have therefore thought 
fit for the due encouragement of settling a New Plantation within this 
State and other valuable consideration us hereunto moving; and do by 
these presents, in the Name and by the authority of the Freemen of 
Vermont, Give and Grant unto the said W r illiam Ward and the several 
persons hereafter named his associates viz fc Gersham Nelson, Joseph 
Pattridge, Jacob Hayward, Caleb Cheeney, John Robinson, Joseph 



WARDS BO RO 205 

Gibs, Warfield Hayward, William Sprague, Elias Peniman, Joseph 
Jones Ju r , Abel Munroe, Philip Payne, Moses Robinson, Esq 1- , 
Nehemiah Nelson, Adam Streeter, James Sumner, Oliver Chapin, 
Ephraim Parkhurst, Jonathan Jones, Josiah Brown, Daniel Corbitt, 
Samuel Hayden, Major Gideon Ormsby, Hannah Ward, John Mawney, 
Samuel Johnson, Timothy Jones, Ezekiel Jones, Isaac Kimball, Ebene- 
zer McFarland, Thomas McFarland, Isaac Chapin, Moses Greenwood, 
Abraham Ball, Silas Brown, Jonathan Temple Ju r , Elisha Taft, Elisha 
Taft Ju r , Jonathan Jones Ju r , John Jones, Colonel Ebenezer Walbridge, 
His Excellency Thomas Chittenden Esquire, Joshua Packer, Oliver 
Wildair, Aaron Hutson, Abial Lyon, Amos Hail, Ebenezer Harris, 
James Hail Ju r Elkanah Woodcock, Jonathan Edcomb, Silas Hamilton, 
Eiihu Blake, Henry Woodhouse, John Hamilton, Eben r , Hutson, 
Colonel William Williams, Amos Shepardson, Elijah Alfords, James 
Roberts and Philip. Jorden, 

Together with five equal shares to be appropriated to the public uses 
following viz 1 one Share or right for the use of a Simenary or College 
within this State, and one Share or Right for the use of County Grammer 
Schools throughout this State; One share or Right for the first Settled 
Minister of the Gospel in said Town, to be disposed of for that purpose 
as the Inhabitents thereof shall direct, one share or Right for the Support 
of the Ministry, One share or Right for the benifit and Support of a 
School or Schools within said Town, the following tract or Parcel of 
Land, Beginning at the Northwest Corner of New Fane, said to be a Beach 
tree, or rather a S[t]ub of a tree having a heap of Stones round it, standing 
about one rod Northzvardly of the union of Two small rivulets, then North 
20 D° East two Miles in the Westerly line of Townsend, Then North Eighty 
degrees West about six Miles to the easterly line of Stratton, Then south Ten 
degrees West about Eight Miles in the Easterly lines of Stratton and Somerset 
to the north line of Wilmington, Then South Eighty East about four and 
an half Miles in the Northerly Lines of said Wilmington and Marlborough, 
to the Southwest Corner of New Fane, Then North Tzuenty degrees east six 
Miles in the westerly line of said New Fane to the bounds began at, con- 
taining about Twenty six thousand four hundred and sixty four acres: And 
that the same be and is hereby Incorporated into a Township by the 
Name of Wardsborough — and the Inhabitents that do or shall here- 
after inhabit the said Township are declared to be Infranchised, and en- 
titled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that other Towns within 
this State do by Law exercise and enjoy — To Have and to hold the 
said Granted premises as above expressed with all the previledges and 
appurtenences thereunto belonging to them and their respective hiers 
and assigns forever, under the following Conditions and reservations 
viz fc That Each proprietor of Said Township of Wardsborough, his heirs 
or assigns, shall Plant and Cultivate, five acres of Land and build a 
house at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family 
settled on each respective right or share of Land in said Township, 
within the Term of four years next after the circumstances of the War 



206 CHARTER RECORDS 

will admit of it with safety, on pain of the Forfieture of his respective 
right or share of Land in said Township, and the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State, to be by their Representatives regranted to such 
persons as shall appear to Settle and Cultivate the Same; That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved to and for the use and benifit 
of the Freemen of this State, In Testimony whereof we have caused 
the seal of this State to be affixed the 7 th day of November, in the year 
of our Lord 1780, & in the 4 th year of the Independence of this State & 



5 th of the United States. 
Attest Jos. Fay Sec y . 



Thomas Chittenden. 



THE CHARTER OF TWO THOUSAND ACRES OF LAND 
GRANTED TO COL° SETH WARNER WIDOW AND HEIRS 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know ye that whereas Hester Warner Widow and Relict of Colonel 
Seth Warner our former worthy friend now Deceased, has in behalf of 
her self and the heirs of the s d , Col° Seth Warner Petitioned the Legis- 
lature of this State for a Grant of unlocated Lands suitable for settle- 
ment, We do therefore, in consequence of the Good Services Rendered 
this State by the said Colonel Seth Warner in his Lifetime, and for divers 
other causes and considerations hereby give and Grant unto the said 
Widow Hester Warner and the Heirs of the said Colonel Seth Warner 
Two Thousand acres of Land discribed and Bounded as follows viz 1 . 
Beginning, at a Stake eight links northeast from a Spruce tree standing in 
the south line of Hamilton marked Warren ijSS, c5 running south 17 D° 
west three miles & 46 chains to a great Spruce tree Standing in the northerly 
line of Caldersburgh, Thence north 45 D° west in the northerly line of said 
Caldersburgh, one mile to a Little Birch tree marked, Then north iy D° 
East to a Stake and Stones 10 links north 55 D° east from a spruce tree 
standing in the southwest corner of Hamilton marked N° 5 A r ° 6, thence 
south 82 D° & 20 minutes East about one mile to the bounds began at con- 
taining two thousand acres of Land To Have and to hold the above 

discribed Premises, with all the privileges and appurtenences thereunto 
belonging, unto the aforesaid Hester Warner & the Heirs of the said 
Colonel Seth Warner, to be to their own proper use benifit and behoof 
forever, agreeable to a Grant of the Legislature made at their Session 



GRANT 207 

on the 20 th day of October 1787, On Condition nevertheless, that the 
aforesaid Hester Warner and the Heirs of Seth Warner aforesaid shall 
-cause Actual settlement to be made on the above said Granted Lands 
according to Law, and in Like proportion as is Specified in other Grants 
of Land made by this State; Reserving the usual allowence of Land for 
Public Highways, In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand 
and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed in Council this 29 th day of 
November 1791, in the 15 year of our Independence. 
By His Excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Thomas Chittenden. 



THE CHARTER OF WARREN 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye that whereas the Hon bIe John Throop Esquire and his 
associates our worthy friends have by Petition requested a grant of un- 
located Lands within this State for the purpose of settling a new Planta- 
tion to be erected into a Township. We have therefore thought fit 
for the due encouragement of their Laudable designs & for other valuable 
causes & considerations us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents 
in the name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Ver- 
mont give & grant unto the said John Throop & the several persons 
hereafter Named his associates, the Tract of Land hereafter described 
& bounded as follows viz. David Fuller, Joseph Kimball, Oliver 
Farnsworth, William Lyon, Joadam Gallup, Jonas Fay, Thomas Tol- 
man, Chapman Whitcomb, Benajah Child, John Jacobs, Stephen Ja- 
cobs, Simeon Jacobs, John Marcy Jun r , Joseph Marcy, Ebenezer Swan, 
Noah Hatch, Stephen Marcy, Samuel Marcy, Jedediah Strong, Ger- 
sham Olds, Jonathan Brace, Thomas Chamberlain, William Ripley, 
George Duncan, Jonathan Pierce, William Strong, Asa Whitcomb, An- 
thony Whitcomb, William Gallup, Elisha Hawley, Bartholomew Durkee, 
Timothy Child, Parmela Jacobs, James Thomson, Thomas Brainard, 
George Swan, John Whitcomb, Daniel Adams, Timothy Andrus, William 
Roberts, Joel Roberts, Elisha Frisbie & Nathaniel Frisbie Lemuel 
Hopkins & Oliver Wolcoot Jun r Moses Seymour, <Sc Alexander Catling, 
Benjamin Kent, Ruggles Kent, David Wilcocks, Oliver Barker, Joel 
Barlow, John Trumbull, William Moseley, Chauncy Goodrich, Dudley 



2o8 CHARTER RECORDS 

Baldwin, Abraham Baldwin, Miles Beach, Uriah Tracy, Nathan Hale r 
Elihu Kent, Thadeus King, Thadeus Leavitt, Asahel Smith, Chauncy 
Smith, Seth Austin, and Hezekiah Spencer, Together with five equal 
Shares to be disposed of for public uses in manner following viz, one 
equal Share for the use and benefit of a College within this State, One 
equal share for the use & benefit of county grammar Schools throughout 
this State. One equal Share for the first settled Minister of the Gospel 
in said Town, One full share for the support of the Ministry in said 
Township, One full share for the use Sc benefit of an English School or 
Schools in said Township. Which Tract of Land hereby given & granted 
as aforesaid is described and bounded as follows viz 1 . Beginning at 
the northzvest corner of Roxbury which is a stake eleven links north sixty 
eight degrees east from a birch tree Marked Roxbury N W corner Sept* p th 
1784 & runing south 33 West in the westerly line of Roxbury jive Miles £ff 
thirty one chains to a stake sixteen links south 70 D° West from a Baswood 
Tree Marked Roxbury southwest corner 1784, Then north 6l° West four 
Miles y twelve chains to the south line of Lincoln, then east in said line to 
the southeast corner thereof Then north in the east line of said Lincoln five 
miles 33 chains & 30 Links, Then south 6i° East six Miles 20 chains iff 
33 Links to the bounds began at also one other Tract, Beginning at a 
stake sixteen links south 33 West from a spruce marked Warren 1788, 
standing in the Northerly line of Caldersburgh 40 Chains from the Easterly 
Corner thereof iff runing north 43 West, two Miles 44 Chains 6g links to a 
great spruce marked Warren, Warner 1788 Then north 17° East three Miles 
iff 46 Chains to a stake 8 links Northeast from a spruce tree Marked Warren 
1788, Thence south 82 1$ 20 Minutes East about 2 Miles iff Twenty Chains 
to a birch tree marked Warren 1788, Then South 17 West five miles 17 
chains iff 30 links to the bounds began at, which two tracts contain twenty 
three thousand 1$ forty acres. And that the same be & hereby is in- 
corporated into a Township by the name of Warren and the Inhabi- 
tants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be 
enfranchised & entitled to all the privileges & immunities that the in- 
habitants of other incorporated Towns within this state do by Law ex- 
ercise and enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises with all the 
privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any ways apper- 
taining unto them & their respective Heirs & assigns forever, on the 
following conditions viz 1 that each proprietor of the said Township of 
Warren his Heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate five acres of Land & 
build a house at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one 
family settled on each respective right or share of land in said Town- 
ship within the term specified by Law, on penalty of the forfeiture of 
each respective right or share of Land not so settled and improved as 
aforesaid & the same to revert to the Freemen of this State to be by their 
representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle & 
cultivate the same, the aforesaid grant was made on the 9 th day of 
November AD 1780, In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal 



WASHINGTON 209 

of this State to be affixed in Council this 20 th day of October AD 1789 
in the 14 th Year of our Independence. 

Moses Robinson 
By His Excellency 3 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF WASHINGTON 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
< — * — » Freemen of Vermont. 

I T S ^ 

\ J To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 

Know Ye, that whereas Major Elisha Burton and Captain John 
Strong, and their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, 
requested a Grant of a Tract of Land within this State, of Six Miles 
square in order for settling a new Plantation, to be erected into a Town- 
ship; we have therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of 
their laudable Designs, and for other valuable considerations us here- 
unto moving, — And do, by these Presents, in the name, & by the Au- 
thority of the Freemen of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land 
hereafter described & bounded, unto the said Elisha Burton and John 
Strong, and the several Persons hereafter named, their Associates, viz 1 ; 
Pierce Burton, Barnabas Burton, Samuel Leonard, John Slaughter, 
Levi Root, James Gould, Ebenezer Green, Stephen Clark, Jacob Brown, 
Elisha Smith, Otis Freeman, Hutchins Storrs, Jonas Boardman, Asa 
Storey, Peter Olcott, Abel Curtis, Ebenezer Fielding, Luther Thurber, 
Jonathan Freeman, Dan Wright, Roswell Fenton, Timothy Bush, John 
Bush, William Black, John Burton, Benjamin Smith, Salmon Brown, 
Comfort Seaver, Daniel Spooner, Benjamin Birch, Isaac Sessions, Joel 
Matthews, Stephen Powers, Phinehas Powers, Phinehas Williams, 
Solomon Strong, John Durkee, Timothy Harding, Solomon Matthews, 
John Marcy, Asa Morris, Jesse Safford, John Curtis, Moses Evans, 
Nathan Haviland, Thomas Durkee, Darius Chipman, John Throop, 
Thomas Seaver, Jedediah Fay, Joseph Parkhurst, Steel Smith, Asa 
Whitcomb, William Gallup, John W. Dana, Edmund Hodges, Thomas 
Chittenden, Timothy Woodbridge, Howell Woodbridge, W 7 illiam Wood- 
bridge, John House, Simeon House, and Alexander House; which, to- 
gether with the five following Rights, reserved to the several uses in 
manner following, include the whole of said Township, viz 1 ; One Right 
for the Use of a Seminary or Colledge; One Right for the Use of County 
Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount of one Right, to be 



2IO CHARTER RECORDS 

and remain for the Purpose of Settlement of a Minister and Ministers of 
the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands, to the amount of one Right 
for the support of the social Worship of God in said Township; and 
Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of an English School 
or Schools in said Township. Which said two Rights, for the use of a 
Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County Grammar Schools as 
aforesaid; and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, and Profits arising 
therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, direction and Disposal 
of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the Proprietors oi 
said Township are hereby authoris'd and empowered to locate said two 
Rights justly and equitably, or quantity for quality, in such Parts of 
said Township, as they or their Committee shall judge will least in- 
commode the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. And the 
said Proprietors are hereby further empowered, to locate the Lands 
aforesaid amounting to three Rights — assigned for the Settlement of a 
Minister and Ministers — for their Support — and for the use and Support 
of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places, as they or their Com- 
mittee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants of said Town- 
ship, when the same shall be fully settled and improved, laying the same 
equitably, or quantity for quality. Which said Lands, amounting to 
the three last mentioned Rights, when located as aforesaid, shall, to- 
gether with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues, and 
Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the Uses and Purposes 
for which they are respectively assigned; and be under the Charge, 
Direction, and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. 
Which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, is bounded 
and described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the North westerly Corner 
of Corinth; then Southerly, in the Line of Corinth about Six Miles, to an 
Angle thereof; then carrying that Breadth back North fifty seven Degrees 
West so far that, a Line being extended North Thirty Degrees East across 
said Breadth, will encompass the Contents of Six Miles square." And 
that the same be incorporated into a Township, by the Name of Wash- 
ington. And the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter said Township, 
are declared to be infranchised, and entitled to all the Priviledges and 
Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do, 
and ought, by the Laws and Constitution of this State, to exercise & enjoy. 
To Have and to Hold the said granted Premises, as above expressed, 
with all the Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and apper- 
taining, unto them and their respective Heirs and Assigns forever, upon 
•the following Conditions and Reservations, viz 11 ; That each Proprietor 
of the Township of Washington aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall 
plant and cultivate Five Acres of Land, and build an House at least 
Eighteen feet square on the Floor, or have one Family settled on each 
respective Right, within the Term of Three Years, next after the Cir- 
cumstances of the war will admit of a Settlement with Safety: on penalty 
of the Forfeiture of each Right of Land in said Township not so im- 
proved and settled; and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, 



WESTFIELD 211 

to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such Persons as shall ap- 
pear to settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber, suitable 
for a Navy, be reserved for the use and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. 
In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my Hand, and caused the 
Seal of this State to be affixed, In Council, this Eighth Day of August 
A.D. 1781. 
And in the 5 th year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho 8 . Tolman Dep y Secr y . 



[CHARTER OF WESTFIELD] 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of 
- — * — . Representatives of the Freemen of Vermont 

r L s \ 

\ • °- j To all people to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye, that whereas it has been Represented to us by our Worthy 
Friend Daniel Owen and Company, That there is a Tract of Vacant 
Land within this State which has not been heretofore Granted, which 
they Pray may be granted to them — We Have therefore thot fit for the 
due incouragement of Setling a New Plantation with [in] this State, and 
other valuable considerations us hereunto moving, and Do by these 
Presents in the name and by the authority of the Freemen of the State 
of Vermont Give and Grant unto the Said Daniel Owen & Com y here- 
after Named as follows, Viz 1 Thomas Owen 3 d , Daniel Owen Ju r , James 
Cowen, Jeremiah Sanders, Andrew Waterman, William Waterman, 
Jesse Foster, Amos Horton, Daniel Warner, Noah Mathewson, Abraham 
Mathewson, Asaph Wilder, David Arnold Ju r , David Richmond, Caleb 
Arnold Ju r , Derious Smith, Simeon Smith, Thomas Wood, Thomas 
Wood Ju r , Humphrey Wood, William Wood, John Wells Ju r , Joseph 
Wells Ju r , Stephen Smith, Stephen Smith Ju r Thomas Smith, Stephen 
Killey, Samuel Clarke, Simeon Sweet, Henry Sherburn, Jonathan 
Smith Ju r , William Mathewson, Jesse Ede, Elisha Brown, William W T ade, 
Hon bl William West Esq r , Caleb Arnold, Thomas Burlingham, John 
Sprague, Benjamin Wilkerson, Thomas Owen, Daniel Moory, Solomon 
Owen Ju r , William Colgrove, William Barton, Amherst Kimball, 
William Roads, Stephen Kimball, David Darling, Asa Kimball, Comor 
Smith, Reuben Mason, Timothy Wilmith Ju r , John Kimball, Jesse 
Brown, Asa Kimball Ju r , Jeremiah Smith, Thomas Chittenden Esq r , 



212 CHARTER RECORDS 

and Sprague Potter, Together with five sixty fifth parts of said Township 
to be appropriated to public uses as follows, viz. one share for the use of 
a Simenary or Colledge within this State, one share for the use of the 
first setled Minister of the Gospel to be Disposed of for that purpose as 
the Town shall direct, one share for the County Grammer Schools 
throughout this State — one share for the support of the Ministry in said 
Town — and one share for the use & Support of a School or Schools in said 
Town the following tract or parcel of Land lying and being in this State 
discribed and bounded as follows (viz) Begixixg at the Northwest Corner 
of Montgomery — Then east in the same direction with the south line of 
Richford six miles Then Southerly on such point as to Gain six miles on a 
Parellel from the south line of Wyllys — Then west Parellel with said south 
line of Wyllis to the south east corner of Montgomery — Then Northerly in the 
easterly line of said Montgomery to the bounds Began at, will contain the 
contents of six miles square and no more. And that the same be and is 
hereby Incorporated into a Township by the name of Westfield, and 
the Inhabitants that door shall hereafter Inhabit the said Township are 
declared to be Infranchised and Intitled to all the priviledges and Im- 
munities that other Towns within this State do by Law exercise and 
Enjoy. 

To Have axd to Hold the said Granted and discribed tract of 
Land as above expressed, with all the priviledges and appurtenences 
to them and their Respective Hiers and assigns forever upon the follow- 
ing conditions and Reservations viz. 

primis That each proprietor of the Township of Westfield aforesaid his heirs 
or assigns shall plant and Cultivate five acres of Land, and build a House 
at least eighteen feet square on the floor, or have one Family setled on 
each Respective Right or share of Land within the term of four years 
after the circumstances of the War will admit of settlement with Safety — 
on Penalty of the forfieture of his Right or share of Land in said Town- 
ship — and the same to revert to the freemen of this State to be by their 
Representatives regranted to such persons as shall appear to Settle and 
Cultivate the Same. 

cundo That all pine and oak Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved to the use 
and benifit of the freemen of this State — 

In Testimoxy whereof we have caused the seal of this State to be affixed 
this 15 th day of May AD 1780 and in the fourth year of the Independ- 
ence of this and the United States of America. 

Thomas Chittexdex 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — The Charter here printed from [Ms.] Vermont Charters, Vol. I, pp 13-15, 
is again recorded in [Ms.] Vermont Charters "Vol. II" pp. 14 and 15, without substantial 
change. 



WESTFORD 213 

THE CHARTER OF WESTFORD 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of Vermont. 

L. S. To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas Captain Uriah Seymour and Abraham 
Sedgwick, and their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, 
requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this State, 
in order for settling a new Plantation, to be erected into a Township; 
We have therefore thought fit. for the due encouragement of their 
laudable Designs, and for other valuable considerations us hereunto 
moving; And do, by these Presents, In the Name, and by the authority 
of the Freemen of the State of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of 
Land hereafter described and bounded, unto the said Uriah Seymour, 
Abraham Sedgwick, and the several Persons hereafter named, their 
Associates, viz c ; Barnabas Dean, Simeon Dean, Levi Robbins, Justus 
Riley, Josiah Buck Jun r , Josiah Robbins, Wait Robbins, Chester Wells, 
John Wright, Bezaleel Lattimore, Gershom Wolcott, Joseph Webb, An- 
drew Huntington, Ebenezer Huntington, Daniel Buck, Moses Tryon, 
Ezekiel Williams, Nathan Perkins, James Camp, Moses Goodman, 
Samuel B. Webb, John Humphry, David Humphry, Josiah Willard, 
Samuel Robbins, Josiah Buck 3 rd , Joseph Merril, Solomon Woodruff, 
Joseph Kingman, Ebenezer Burr, Samuel Tibbats, Nehemiah Lawrence, 
Stephen Lawrence, Eliphalet Ensign, Benjamin Mills, Josiah Moore, 
Ezra Willcox, Joseph Tiff, Elias Case, Martin Smith, David Robinson, 
Silas Robinson, Roswell Hopkins, Stephen Williams, Mary Allen, 
Solomon Lee, Thomas Ives, Phinehas Loomis, Harris Loomis, William 
Slade, Thomas Chittenden, Daniel Meiggs, Ira Allen, Paul Dewey, 
Heber Allen, Elijah Owen, John Owen, Mary Washburn, Ebenezer 
Dewey, Samuel Williams, John Knickerbacor, Asahel Williams and 
Lorrane Allen; which, together with the five following Rights, reserved 
to the several Uses in manner following, include the whole of said 
Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; one 
Right for the use of County Grammar Schools in s d State; Lands, to the 
amount of one Right, to be and remain, for the purpose of Settlement of 
a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands, 
to the amount of one Right, for the support of the social Worship of God 
in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support 
of an English School or Schools in said Township. Which said two 
Rights, for the Use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for the use of County 
Grammar Schools, as aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, Interests, 
and Profits arising therefrom shall be under the Controul, Order, 
Direction and Disposal of the General Assembly of this State forever. 
And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorised and em- 
powered to locate said two Rights justly and equitably or quantity for 



214 CHARTER RECORDS 

quality, in such parts of said Township as they or their Committee shall 
judge will least incommode the general settlement of s d Tract or Town- 
ship. And the said Proprietors are further empowered, to locate the 
Lands aforesaid, amounting to three Rights, assigned, for the Settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers — for their Support — and for the use 
and Support of English Schools, in such, and in so many places as they, 
or their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants 
of said Township, when the same shall be fully settled and improved, 
laying the same equitably, or quantity for quality. Which said Lands, 
amounting to the three Rights last mentioned, when located as aforesaid, 
shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues 
and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the uses and purposes 
for which they are respectively assigned, and be under the Charge, 
Direction, and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township forever. 
Which Tract of Land, hereby Given and Granted as aforesaid, is bounded 
and described as follows, viz 1 ; "Beginning at the -South West Corner of 
Newark; then North East in the North west Line of Newark to an Angle 
thereof (supposed to be) about Six Miles; and carrying that Breadth back 
North West so far as that a parallel Line with Newark north West Line 
aforesaid, will encompass the Contents of six Miles square." And that 
the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, by the 
Name of Wesford. And the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter 
inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised, and entitled to 
all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns 
within this State do, and ought, by the Law and Constitution of the 
State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have & to Hold the said Granted 
Premises, with all the Priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging 
and appertaining, in equal Shares, as above described, unto them and 
their respective Heirs and Assigns forever; upon the following Conditions 
and Reservations, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor in the Township of West- 
ford aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres 
of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen feet square on the Floor, 
or have one Family settled on each respective Right, within the Term 
of Three Years, next after the circumstances of the War will admit of a 
Settlement with Safety: on penalty of the Forfeiture of each respective 
Right of Land in said Township not so improved or settled, and the 
same to revert to the Freemen of this State; to be, by their Representa- 
tives, regranted to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate 
the same. That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the 
use of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof, We have 
caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, In Council, this Seventeenth 
Day of August, A. D. 178 1. In the 5 th year of the Independence of this, 
& 6 th of the United States. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Thq. Tolman Dep y Secr y . 



WHEELOCK 215 

THE CHARTER OF WHEELOCK 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting: 

Know Ye, that whereas Dartmouth College, & Moors Charity 
School, being sitituated on the East Bank of Connecticut river, have 
been and still are of important service in diffusing useful Literature 
among mankind, & thro' this State in particular, & whereas the Hon ble 
John Wheelock Esquire our well beloved friend, for & in behalf of the 
Honorable Trustees of said College; & in behalf of said School, has 
applied by petition for a grant of a Tract of unappropriated Lands with- 
in this State, for himself as president of said College & School & his 
successors in ofhce & for the Trustees of said College & their Successors. 
We have therefore thought fit for the due encouragement & for pro- 
moting the useful & laudable design of said College & School & for 
many weighty considerations us hereunto moving. We do by these 
presents in the Name & by the Authority of the freemen of the State 
of Vermont, give & grant the tract of Land hereafter described & 
bounded unto him the said John Wheelock as president of s d School 
& to the Trustees of s d College Viz 1 Beginning at the Southwest 
Corner of the township of Lyndon being a birch tree marked Lyndon S. W . 
corner Nov. 16-1786, which is also the Northeasterly corner of Danville, 
iff running North 70 D° West in the northerly line of s d Danville two Miles 
iff fifty Chains to the Northwesterly corner thereof, which is a Spruce tree 
marked Danville corner, then North forty three degrees iff 8 minutes west 
Six Mil.s iff 4 Chains, to a little beach tree standing in the easterly line of 
Greensborough, marked Wheelock corner July 17 th , 1788, then North 36 D° 
East three Miles, 4.6 Chains iff 22 links, in said Easterly line of Greens- 
borough, to the north easterly corner thereof, which is a birch tree marked 
Greensborough Corner May 29^,1786, Then South fifty four degrees East 
five Miles 33 Chains iff 33 links, to a Stake iff Stones tzvelve links North 
36 D° East from a beach tree standing on the North side of a ftati Hill 

marked Sheffield SE, Corner July 19 th 1788 Wheelock f IW, Then north 

36 D° East two miles 68 Chains iff 60 links to a Stake eighteen links South- 
east from a Spruce tree on flatt Land marked Wheelock corner 1788, on the 
Southeast side, iff Sheffield Comer on the Northzvest side, Then South Six 
Degrees iff 13 minutes East one mile iff 34 Chains to a beach tree marked 
Lyndon Corner July 1, 1787, I A Billy mead corner 1788 being the North- 
westerly corner of Lyndon, then South 20 D° West Six Miles in the westerly 
line of Lyndon to the bounds began at * 



2l6 



CHARTER RECORDS 



on the following Conditions & Reservations Viz that one hundred & 
fifty Acres of Land be reserved for the use benefit & support of the 
Ministry- of the Gospel in s d Township or precinct, forever; 150 Acres 
of Land for the use & support of an English School or Schools in s d 
Township or Precinct forever, to be located as near the center of s d 
Township or precinct on good Tenable Land, as the situation thereof 
will admit 



*Containing the contents of six Miles square, and that the same be & 
hereby is incorporated into a Township by the name of Wheelock, 
And the inhabitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit said Town, or pre- 
cinct, are declared to be enfranchised & entitled to all privileges & im- 
munities that the inhabitants of other settled Towns within this State 
do by Law & the constitution thereof exercise & enjoy. The s d Whee- 
lock as president & for his successors in Office, To have & to hold 
the one moiety of s d premises as above described solely & exclusively 
for the use & benefit of s d School forever, and the s d Trustees & their 
Successors in Office. To have & to hold the other moiety solely and 
exclusively for the use & benefit of s d Dartmouth College forever; All 
the privileges & appurtenances thereunto belonging & appertaining, are 
hereby also granted to the s d president & Trustees for the purposes 
aforesaid, 

And Whereas the s d Grant of Land is for a public & important 
use, it is hereby declared that the Land & tenements in every part of said 
Township, or precinct, shall forever be free & exempt from public Taxes, 
that is to say so long & while the incomes & profits shall be actually 
applied by s d president, & Trustees & their successors, to the purposes of s d 
College, & School, as above expressed. In Testimony whereof We 
have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed this 14 th Day of June, in 
the year of our Lord 1785, & in the ninth year of the independence of 
this State. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By his Excellency 8 command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 

Note. — Copied from [Ms.] Vermont Charters, 1:274-276. Another copy of this 
charter from pp. 347-349 of the same volume is printed on pages immediately following 
this. 



WHEELOCK 217 

[*CHARTER OF WHEELOCK] 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting : 

Know Ye that whereas Dartmouth College & Moor 8 Charity 
School being Situated on the East Bank of Connecticut River have been 
and Still are of Important service in Dispersing Useful Literature among 
Mankind and thro, this State in particular and whereas the Hon. John 
Wheelock Esquire our well beloved Friend for and in behalf of the Hon. 
Trustees of said College and in behalf of said School has applied by 
Petition for a Grant of a Tract of L^nappropriated Lands within this 
State for himself as President of said College & School and his Successors 
in Office and for the Trustees of said College and their Successors we 
have therefore thought fit for the Due encouragement and for the pro- 
moting the usefull and Laudable Designs of said College and School and 
for many weighty Considerations us hereunto moving we Do by these 
presents In the name and by the Authority of the Freemen of the 
State of Vermont give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter Described 
and bounded unto him the said John Whelock as President of said 
School and to the Trustees of said College Viz Beginning at the south 
west Corner of Lynden being a Birch Tree Marked Lynden S. W. Corner 
Nov. the 16 AD 1786 which is also the Northeasterly Corner of Danville 
and running North 70 Degrees west in the Northerly Line of said Danville 
Two Miles and fifty Chains — To the Northwesterly Corner thereof which is 
a Spruce Tree Marked Danville Corner thence North forty three Degrees 
\3 eight Minutes west six Miles and four Chains to a Little Birch Tree 
Standing in the easterly Line of Greensborough Marked Wheelock Corner 
July the 18 AD 1788 thence North thirty six Degrees east three Miles forty 
six Chains & Twenty Two Links in said easterly Line of Greensborough 
to the Northeasterly Corner thereof which is a Birch Tree Marked Greens- 
borough Corner May the 2Q AD 1786 then South fifty four Degrees east five 
miles fifty five Chains and thirty three Links to a Stake and Stones 12 Links 
North thirty six Degrees east from a Beach Tree Standing on the North side 
of a Flatt Hill Marked Sheffield S. E. Corner July the 18 AD 1788 Whee- 
lock T. W. then North thirty six Degrees east Tzvo Miles Sixty eight Chains 
and Sixty Links to a Stake 18 Links South east from a Spruce Tree Stand- 
ing on flatt Land Marked Wheelock Corner AD 1788 on the South east side 
and Sheffield Corner on the North west side then South six Degrees 15 
Minutes east one Mile 13 fifty four Chains to a Beech Tree Marked Lynden 
Corner July the I AD 1787 t. a., Billy Meads Corner AD 1788 being the 
Northwesterly Corner of Lynden then South Twenty Degrees West six miles 

•Copied from [Ms.] Vermont Charters, I: 347-349. Another copy of this charter 
from pp. 274-276 of the same Volume is printed on pages immediately precedine this copy. 



21 8 CHARTER RECORDS 

in the Westerly Line of Lynden to the Bounds began at Containing the 
Contents of six miles Square and that the same be and is hereby Incorp- 
orated into a Township or Precinct by the Name of Wheelock and the 
Inhabitants that Do or shall hereafter Inhabit said Tract or Precinct 
are Declared to be Infranchised and Intitled to all the privilidges and 
Immunities that the Inhabitants of other settled Towns within this 
State Do by Law and the Constitution thereof exercise and enjoy the 
said Wheelock as President and for his Successors in Office to have and to 
Hold the one moiety of said premises as above Described solely and ex- 
clusively for the use & benifit of said School forever and the said Trustees 
and their Successors in Office to Have and to Hold the other Moity 
solely and exclusively for the use & Benifit of Dartmouth College for- 
ever with all the privilidges & Appurtenances thereunto belonging and 
Appertaining which are also hereby Granted to the President and 
Trustees for the purposes aforesaid on the following Conditions and 
Reservations Viz that one hundred and fifty acres of Land be reserved 
for the use benifit & support of the Ministry of the Gospel in said 
Township or precinct forever one hundred and fifty acres of Land for 
the use and support of an English School or Schools in said Township 
or precinct on good Tenable Lands as the Situation thereof will admit 
and whereas the said grant of Land is for a public and Important use 
it is hereby Declared that the Lands and Tenements in every part of 
said Township or precinct shall forever be free and exempt from public 
Taxes that is to say so Long & while the Incomes & profitts shall be ac- 
tually applied by the said president & Trustees & their successors to the 
purposes of said College or School as above expressed — 
In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of this State to be affixed 
this 14 th Day of June AD 1785 an in Ninth Year of our Independence — 

Thomas Chittenden 
by his excellency's Command 
Joseph Fay Secry 



THE CHARTER OF 3 LOTTS OF LAND GRANTED TO 
JONATHAN & ARAD HUNT ESQUIRES 
IN WHITINGHAM 

The Governor Council & General Assembly of the 
State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting : 

Know Ye that whereas Jonathan Hunt & Arad Hunt Esquires our 
worthy friends have by petition requested & obtained a grant of Land 
within this State for the purpose of settlement: We have therefore 
thought fit for the due encouragement of their laudable designs and 



WHITINGHAM GORE 219 

in consequence of their faithfull performance of the conditions of the 
grant of Land aforesaid & do by these presents in the name and by the 
authority of the freemen of the State of Vermont give and grant unto 
the aforesaid Jonathan Hunt and Arad Hunt their heirs and assigns 
forever the Lotts or Pieces of Land hereafter bounded &. described as 
follows viz t — three Lotts in the Township ofWhitingham being a part of three 
thousand acres of Land granted to Captain John Walker a reduced Officer, 
said Lotts contain one hundred 13 ninety six Acres in each Lott cf are num- 
bered two three and five as expressed in a certain indenture of release made 
to the said Jonathan Hunt 15 Arad Hunt by Samuel Wells c5 is contained 
in a grant made by the Legislature of this State to Mr ss. Samuel Wells and 
the aforesaid Jonathan \$ Arad Hunt on the 22 d day of October ij&2 of 
three thousand Acres of Land in the aforesaid Whitingham, the aforesaid 
three Lotts of Land containing in the whole six hundred Acres or there- 
abouts, reserving to the use of the Public the usual allowance for high- 
ways. 

To have and to hold the aforesaid Lotts and Pieces of Land as above 
described, with all the privileges & appurtenances belonging thereunto 
the above said Jonathan Hunt & Arad Hunt & each of their respective 
Heirs & assigns forever, their doing & performing the settlement and 
duty required by Law on other grants made by this State. In Testi- 
mony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of this 
State to be affixed this I5 th day of Oct 1 AD. 1787 — 

Thomas Chittenden. 
Attest Joseph Fay Secy. 



[WHITINGHAM GORE] 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these presents shall come Greeting : 

Know Ye that whereas that whereas our worthy Friend M r Amos 
Green and Company to the Number of Sixteen have by Petition 
requested a Grant of Unlocated Land within this State for the purpose of 
Settlement We have therefore thought fit for the Due encouragement 
of their Laudable Design and for the other Valuable Causes and Con- 
siderations us hereunto Moving Do by these presents in the Name and 
by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Vermont give grant 
unto the said Amos Green & Company the Tract of Land hereafter 
bounded & Described to be Divided into equal Shares as follows Viz, — 



220 CHARTER RECORDS 

Samuel Moulton, Thomas Day, Samuel Day, James Howard, Seth 
Howard Benjamin Nelson Benjamin Blodgett Benjamin Blodget Jun, 
Samuel Nelson Solomon Moulton Asaph White William Nelson, Thomas 
Blodget Abisha Blodget & Daniel Wallace reserving three hundred 
Acres out of said Tract of Land for the following Public uses Viz One 
hundred acres for the use and Benifit of a College within this State One 
hundred Acres for the use and support of a School or Schools within 
said Tract & One hundred Acres for the use and support of the first 
settled Minister of the Gospel within said Tract of Land to be Disposed 
of for the sole & exclusive purposes aforesaid in such way and manner as 
the Proprietors or Inhabitants of said Tract shall Judge proper the same 
to remain unalienable & the Rents profitts & moneys Arising therefrom 
shall be appropriated to the several uses aforesaid and the said three 
hundred acres shall be Divided into three equal parts & be so Laid out 
within said Tract as to be equal in Quality and in such situation as will 
best answer the purposes for which they are reserved — Which Tract of 
Land hereby given and granted as aforesaid is bounded & Described 
as follows Viz — Beginning at the Southwest Corner of Whitingham at 
a Maple Tree standing in the North Line of the State of Massichusetts 
Bay 24 Perches west of the west Bank of Deer field River iff running 
South 81 Degrees iff 30 Minutes East 290 Chains to a Spruce Tree Marked 

^O^ then [North] 8 Degrees 30 Minutes east 174 Chains iffs o Links to a 

Maple Tree Marked N Q^ standing in the South Line of Col. Fitches Grant 

then North 81 Degrees iff 30 Minutes West 290 Chains to a Stake iff Stones 
then south 8 Degrees iff 30 Minutes west 174 Chains iff 30 Links to the 
bounds began at Containing five thousand is sixty Acres iff eighty Perches 
Bounding South on the State of Massichusetts Bay East on Col. Whitings 
Patent North on Col. Fitches Patent and West on Reedsborough and that 
the same & hereby is Incorporated into a District by the Name of 
Whitingham Gore and that the Inhabitants that Do or shall hereafter 
inhabit said District are Declared to be enfranchised and entitled to all 
the privileges and Immunities of Citizens & exercise all Legal power & 
Authority in support of their Internal right as fully & amply and other 
Incorporated Districts within this State Do by Law exercise and enjoy — 
To Have and to Hold the said granted premises as expressed in the 
aforesaid grant with all the privilidges & Appurtenances thereunto be- 
longing & Appertaining to them & their respective heirs & Assigns for- 
ever upon the following Conditions Viz that each proprietor of the said 
District of W T hitingham Gore his Heirs or Assigns shall plant & Cultivate 
five Acres of Land & Build a House at Least eighteen feet Square on the 
floor or have one Family on each respective right within the Term of four 
years from the time of surveying the out Lines of said Gore on the Pen- 
alty of the forfeiture of each Respective Right or Share of Land not so 
settled & Improved as aforesaid and the same to revert to the Freemen 
of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to such persons as 



WHITLAW, SAVAGE & COIT 221 

shall appear to settle and Cultivate the same that all pine Timber 
suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use and benifit of the Freemen of 
this State — In Testimony whereof We have Caused the Seal of this 
State to be Affixed at Rutland this 20 Day of October Anno Domini 
1796 & in the 20 th year of our Independence Witness our well beloved 
Thomas Chittenden Esquire Governor of our said State Captain General 
& Commander in Cheif of all the Militia of the same 

Thomas Chittenden 
By his Excellencys Command 
Truman Squier Secretary 



CHARTER OF LANDS GRANTED TO WHITELAW, SAVAGE, 

& COIT 

The Governor, Council, & General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come Greeting: 

Know that whereas James Whitlaw, James Savage & William 
Coit, our worthy friends have by petition requested a grant of a Tract 
or Tracts of unappropriated Lands within this State in Order to settle 
and cultivate the same, We have therefore tho't fit for the due en- 
couragement of their Laudable designs and for other valuable con- 
siderations us hereunto moving, And do by these Presents in the name 
and by the a uthority of the State of Vermont, give & grant the Tracts 
of Land hereafter described and bounded unto them the said James 
Whitlaw, James Savage and William Coit in Manner and in the several 
proportions as follows viz To the aforesaid James Whitlaw, Twelve 
sixty Nine parts thereof To the said James Savage sixteen Sixty nine 
Parts thereof & to William Coit thirty Seven Sixty Nine Parts thereof, 
Which together with the four following sixty nine parts to be reserved 
for the several uses in manner following contain the whole of said Tract, 
namely, Two sixty nine Parts thereof for the support of the social wor- 
ship of God to be laid one sixty ninth part in each of the Ten thousand 
acre Tracts hereinafter described; Two sixty ninth parts for the support 
of English Schools to be laid one sixty Ninth part in each of the said Ten 
Thousand acre Tracts, & the four sixty Ninth Parts last mentioned 
together with all interests, profits rents & emoluments therefrom arising 
shall be unalienably appropriated to the uses and purposes for which 
they are granted & shall be under the care, direction, and at the disposal 



222 CHARTER RECORDS 

of the inhabitants that shall hereafter be settled upon the said Ten 
Thousand Acre Tracts respectively, Which Tracts of Land hereby 
given & granted as aforesaid are bounded & described as follows, to wit: 
One Tract, Beginning at a Hemlock Tree standing in the southwest 
corner of Marshfield Marked Marshfield S. W. corner 1788 Thence South 
54 D° east four Miles and Tzventy seven chains to a Beach Tree marked S l 
Andrews Corner August 12 th 1788 Thence South 36 D° West three Miles 
and seventeen Chains to a Spruce Tree Marked I. W. Corner 1788 standing 
in the North Line of Orrange; Thence North 37 D° West in said Line to the 
Northwest Corner of said Orange, Thence in a Strait line to Southeast 
corner of Montpelier, Thence South thirty six degrees East [West] in the 
Easterly line of Montpelier to the bounds began at containing Ten thou- 
sand Acres. One Other Tract Beginning at a Stake and Stones standing 
in the westerly side Line of Johnson which is the Northeasterly corner of 
Cambridge Thence North 34 D° West in the Northerly side line of Cam- 
bridge Tzvo hundred iff Tzventy four Chains & 50 Links to a Stake & Stones in 
the Easterly corner of Fletcher, Thence North 20D and thirty Minutes East two 
hundred Chains & Eighty Eight Links to a Birch Tree spotted standing in 
the [In the] northeasterly comer of Fletcher thence north sixty nine Degrees 
iff jo Minutes west 100 chains to a beach Tree spotted standing in the 
Southeasterly corner of Fairfield, Thence North Twenty degrees East 
in the Easterly side Line of Fairfield two hundred and sixty two Chains iff 
Twenty five Links to a soft Maple Tree spotted in the northeasterly corner 
thereof, Thence South Seventy Degrees East two Miles and thirty three 
Chains to a Stake iff Stones; Thence a Strait [line] to the Northeasterly 
corner of Cambridge the bounds began at containing Ten Thousand Acres. 
Also one other Tract of Land Beginning at a little Birch Tree in the 
Northeasterly side Line of Caldersburgh iff running north 43 Degrees West 
two hundred iff sixty seven Chains iff Eighty two Links to a Stake iff Stones; 
Thence South Eighty two Degrees iff 20 Minutes East to a Stake iff Stones 
fifteen Links West of a Beach Tree marked N° j, N° 4 1785; Thence South 
Seventeen degrees West to the bounds began at containing fifteen hundred 
Acres of Land. Also all iff singular the Isleands in Waters of Lake 
Champlain lying East of the deepest Channel of said Lake within the Limits 
of the State of Vermont and not heretofore granted under the Seal of the same 
containing one thousand five hundred iff Eighty five Acres. And all the 
Isleands in the river Otter Creek which are not included in Grants heretofore 
made from the Mouth of said Creek to the South Line of Weybridge con- 
taining thirty Acres, Including in all the above Tracts parcels iff Isleands 
the contents of Twenty three thousand and forty Acres of Land — To Have 
& to hold the said granted Premises as above expressed with all the 
Privileges and appurtenences thereunto belonging and appertaining unto 
them & their respective Heirs & Assigns forever, Upon the following 
conditions & reservations, viz, that each of the Grantees aforesaid his 
heirs or Assigns shall plant & cultivate five Acres of Land & build a House 
at least Eighteen feet square on the floor or have one family settled on 
each respective Share on penalty of the forfeiture of each respective 



WILDERSBURGH 223 

share of Land not so improved or settled and the same to revert to the 
freemen of this State to be by their representatives regranted to such 
persons as shall appear to settle & Cultivate the same. That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use & benefit of the free- 
men of this State — 

In Testimony whereof, We have caused the Seal of this State to 
be affixed in Council this 26 th day of October in the Year of our Lord 
One thousand Seven Hundred & Eighty Eight 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency 55 Command 
Joseph Fay Sec y . 



THE CHARTER OF WILDERSBURGH 

The Governor, Council & General Assembly of Freemen 
- — * — . of Vermont. 

/to] 

\ * * J To all People, to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 

Know Ye, that whereas Colonel William Williams, and his Asso- 
ciates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of Land within this State, of six Miles square, in order for settling 
a new Plantation, to be erected into a Township. We have there- 
fore tho'* fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable designs, 
and for other good considerations us hereunto moving, — And do, by 
these Presents, In the Name, and by the authority of the Freemen of 
Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and 
bounded, unto the said William Williams, and the several Persons here- 
after named, his Associates, Viz 1 ; Arad Hunt, Elisha Hunt, Moses How, 
Abel Dimmick, Austin Dimmick, Jesse Cook, Robert Cook, Asaph 
Williams, Xathan Foster, John Newton, Josiah Locke. Asa Williams, 
Gershom Clark Lyman, Samuel King, Joseph Williams, Ebenezer 
Merrick, Benjamin Fuller. Jonathan Evans, Isaac Wheeler, Jonas 
Galusha, Elijah Galusha, John Fasset Jun r , Zadock Grainger, Joseph 
Church, Joel Adams, Jonas Whitney, Francis Whitmore. Samuel Whit- 
ney, Jonathan Warren, John Chandler, Jabez Carey, John Noyce, 
Jonathan Underwood, John W. Dana, Isaac Dana, Benjamin Dana, 
Bezaleel Waist, Benjamin Perrey, Jedediah Basset, James Williams, 
Elijah Dewey, Eldad Dewey, Moses Robinson. Timothy Brownson, 
Thomas Chittenden, Benjamin Carpenter, Elijah Gore, Amos Gore, 
David Dennison, Ebenezer Harris, Samuel Robinson, David Robinson, 



224 CHARTER RECORDS 

Obadiah Noble, Isaac Andrus, Thomas Tolman, Timothy Stanley, 
Joseph Dagget, Matthew Lyon, Martin Chittenden, Timothy Chitten- 
den, Abiathar Waldo, William Fairman Jun r , Hazael Shepard and 
Ebenezer Leonard; which, together with the five following Rights, 
reserved to the several L T ses in manner following, include the whole of 
said Township, viz 1 ; one Right for the Use of a Seminary or Colledge; 
one Right for the Use of County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, 
to the amount of one Right, to be and remain for the purpose of Settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers of the Gospel in said Township for- 
ever; Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the Support of the social 
worship of God in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of one 
Right, for the Support of an English School or Schools in said Township. 
Which said two Rights, for the Use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for 
the Use of County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the Improve- 
ments, Rents, Interests & Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the 
Controul, Order, Direction and Disposal of the General Assembly of said 
State forever. And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby au- 
thorized and empowered to locate said two Rights justly and equitably, 
or quantity for quality, in such Parts of said Township as they or their 
Committee shall judge will least incommode the general Settlement of 
said Tract or Township. And the said Proprietors are hereby further 
impowered to locate the Lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights, 
assigned for the Settlement of a Minister and Ministers — for their 
Support — and for the Use and Support of English Schools, in such, and 
in so many Places as they or their Committee shall judge will best 
accommodate the Inhabitants of said Township, when the same shall be 
fully settled and improved; laying the same equitably, or quantity for 
quality. Which said Lands, amounting to the three last mentioned 
Rights, when located as aforesaid, shall, together with their Improve- 
ments, Rights, Rents, Profits, Dues and Interests, remain unalienably 
appropriated for the Uses and Purposes for which they are respectively 
assigned; and be under the Charge, Direction, and Disposal of the In- 
habitants of said Township forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby 
given and granted as aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, viz 1 ; 
"Beginning at the South Easterly Corner of Berlin; Then northerly 
in the Line of Berlin, about six Miles, to an Angle thereof; then Easterly, 
to the North Westerly Corner of Orange; then Southerly, in the Line of 
Orange, about Six Miles, to an Angle thereof; then Westerly, in the Line of 
Lands heretofore granted, to the Bound began at. ," And that the same be, and 
hereby is incorporated into a Township, by the name of Wildersburgh. 
And the Inhabitants that do, or shall hereafter inhabit the said Town- 
ship, are declared to be infranchised, and entitled to all the Priviiedges 
and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State 
do, and ought, by the Laws and Constitution of this State, to exercise 
and enjoy. To Have & to Hold the said Granted Premises, as above 
expressed, wth all the Priviiedges and Appurtenances thereto belonging 
and appertaining, to them and their respective Heirs and Assigns for- 



WILLIAMSTOWN 225 

ever, upon the following Conditions and Reservations, viz 1 ; That each 
Proprietor of the Township of Wildersburgh aforesaid, his Heirs or 
Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of Land, and build an House 
at least Eighteen feet square on the Floor, or have one Family settled on 
each respective Right, within the Term of Three Years, next after the 
Circumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement with Safety: on 
Penalty of the forfeiture of each Right of Land in said Township, not so 
improved or settled, & the same to revert to the Freemen of this State, 
to be, by their Representatives, regranted to such Persons as shall 
appear to settle & cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber suitable 
for a Navy, be reserved for the Use & Benefit of the Freemen of this 
State. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand, & caused 
the Seal of this State to be affixed, in Council, this Twelfth Day of 
August, A: D. 1781. And in the 5 th year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho 9 Tolman Dep y Secr y . 



THE CHARTER OF WILLIAMSTOWN 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
-* — * Freemen of Vermont. 



{,,} 



To all People, to zvhom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 



Know ye, that whereas Samuel Clark and Absalom Baker, and 
their Associates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a 
Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Land within this State, in order for 
settling a new Plantation, to be erected into a Township: We have 
therefore thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable 
Designs, and for other valuable Considerations us hereunto moving, — 
And do, by these Presents, in the Name, and by the Authority of the 
Freemen of Vermont, Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter 
described and bounded, unto the said Samuel Clark and Absalom Baker. 
and their Associates, viz c ; Elisha Baker, Ebenezer Kellogg, William 
Wells, Josiah Gregory, Reuben Horsford, Ira Rood, Isaac Stratton, 
Daniel Burbank, Aaron Noble, Bildad Noble, Anthony Farr, Elisha 
Meach, Samuel Kellogg, Samuel Kellogg Jun r , Zadoc Clark, Stephen 
Davis, Joseph Dunham, Cornelius Lynds, John Winchester Dana, 
Judah Dana, Israel Putnam Dana, Daniel Davis, Judah Williams, 
Joseph Jones, Thomas Green, Israel Harris, Pearly Howe, Elisha Baker, 
Jun r , Ezra Baker, Ira Baker, John Tracy, Jonathan Woodward, Mat- 



226 CHARTER RECORDS 

thew Lyon, James Lyon, Peter Boudish, John Tibbet, David Pixly, 
Martin Chittenden, Benjamin Sherwood, John Porter, Ethan Allen, 
Isaac Kellogg, Oliver Hungerford, David Johnson, The Heirs of Thomas 
Wheeler, Christopher Whitney, Moses JefTers, Reuben Hurlbut, Elijah 
Thomas, Asa Burnham, Reuben Post, Simeon Hine, Jonas Galusha, 
Noble Everett, William Dyre, Thomas Chittenden, John Fasset Jun r , 
Chester Derby, John Smith, Alexander Huling, Henry Green, Alary 
Lyon, Elijah Galusha, Stephen Dunning, Joseph Orsborn, Samuel 
Sherman, David Johnson Jun r , Nathaniel Johnson, Thomas Roe, David 
Galusha, Eusebius Bushnell, Elizabeth Chittenden and Asa Farrand; 
which, together with the Five following Rights, reserved to the several 
uses in manner following, include the whole of said Township, viz 1 ; one 
Right for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; one Right for the use of 
County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the amount of one 
Right, to be and remain for the purpose of Settlement of a Minister and 
Ministers of the Gospel in said Township forever; Lands, to the amount 
of one Right for the Support of the social worship of God in said Town- 
ship; and Lands, to the amount of one Right, for the support of an 
English School or Schools in said Township: Which said Two Rights, for 
the use of a Seminary or Colledge; and for the use of County Grammar 
Schools as aforesaid; and the Improvements, Rents, Interests and Pro- 
fits arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, Order, Direction and 
Disposal, of the General Assembly of said State forever. And the Pro- 
prietors of said Townhip are hereby authorised and empowered to 
locate said two Rights, justly and equitably, or Quanity for Quality, 
in such Parts of said Township as they or their Committee shall judge 
will least incommode the general Settlement of said Tract or Township. 
And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered, to locate the 
Lands aforesaid amounting to three Rights, assigned for; — the Settle- 
ment of a Minister and Ministers; for their Support; and for the use and 
support of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places, as they or 
their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the Inhabitants of 
said Township, when the same shall be fully settled and improved; lay- 
ing the same equitably, or Quantity for Quality: W 7 hich said Lands, 
amounting to the three last mentioned Rights, when located as afore- 
said, shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents. Profits, 
Dues and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the uses and 
Purposes for which they are respectively assigned; and be under the 
Charge, Direction and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said Township 
forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as aforesaid, 
is bounded and described as follows, viz* 1 ; "Beginning at the North west 
Corner of Washington, then South Thirty Degrees West in the Line of 
Washington about six Miles to an angle thereof; then carrying that Breadth 
back North Sixty one Degrees West (provided that if the north westerly Part 
of this Breadth should interfere with the South Easterly Corner of Berlin, 
then, in that case, the residue of said Breadth to be still continued on vacant 
Lands) so far as that a Line, being extended North Thirty Degrees East 



WOLCOTT 227 

across S d Breadth (or to Berlin Line) will encompass the contents of six 
Miles square." And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into 
a Township, by the Name of Williamstown. And the Inhabitants, 
that do, or shall hereafter inhabit said Township, are declared to be 
infranchised, and entitled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that 
the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do, and ought, by Law 
and Constitution, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the 
said granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the Priviledges and 
Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining to them and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever; upon the following Reservations 
and Conditions, viz 1 ; That each Proprietor of the Township of Williams- 
town aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres 
of Land, and build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, 
or have one Family settled on each respective Right of Land in said 
Township, within the Term of Three Years next after the Circumstances 
of the war will admit of a Settlement with Safety; on Penalty of the For- 
feiture of each Right or share of Land in said Township not so improved 
or settled; and the same to revert to the Freemen of this State; to be, by 
their Representatives, regranted to such Persons as shall appear, to 
settle and cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber, suitable for a 
Navy, be reserved for the use and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. 
In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand, and caused 
the Seal of this State to be affixed, this Ninth Day of August, Anno 
Domini 1781, and in the 5 th Year of our Independence. 

Thomas Chittenden. 
By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho 9 . Tolman Dep y . Secr y . 



THE CHARTER OF WOLCOTT 

The Governor, Council and General Assembly of the 
- — * — » Freemen of Vermont 

(ls \ 

\ J To all People, to whom these Presents shall come. Greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas Captain Joshua Stanton, and his Asso- 
ciates, our worthy Friends, have, by Petition, requested a Grant of a 
Tract of Land within this State, of six Miles square, in order for settling 
a new-Plantation, to be erected into a Township. We have therefore 
thought fit, for the due encouragement of their laudable Designs, and 
for other valuable consderatons us hereunto moving; And do, by these 



228 CHARTER RECORDS 

Presents, in the Name, and by the Authority of the Freemen of Vermont, 
Give and Grant the Tract of Land hereafter described and bounded, unto 
the said Joshua Stanton, and the several Persons hereafter named, his 
Associates, viz 1 ; Major General Oliver Wolcott, Brigadier General John 
Fellows, Matthew Mead, Aaron Comstock, Samuel Middlebrooks, Isaac 
Lewis, Clap Raymond, Ahijah Taylor, Levi Taylor, Ozias Marvin, 
Gamaliel Taylor, John Pynoyer, William Chamberlin, David Phelps, 
Jedediah Lane, Joseph Cook, Thomas Phillips, Roger Lane, Samuel 
Lane, James Waterous, Samuel Lee, Theodore Sedgwick, William 
Bacon, Paul Dewey, Peter Parret, Jonathan Pettibone, Abraham 
•Stevens, Benjamin Seeley, John Adams, Zachariah Fairchilds, Lemuel 
Kingsbury, Stephen Lawrence, Elizabeth Stanton, Joshua Stanton Jun r , 
Rufus Herrick, Seth Austin, Joel Baldwin, Benjamin Durkee, Giles 
Pettibone, Judah Burton, Solomon Tyler, Hezekiah Lane, William 
Dean, David Crocker Dean, William Goodrich, John Sedgwick, David 
DeForest, Derrick J. Geoes, Ezra Fellows, Gad Austin, Silvia Morgan, 
Elisha Tyler, William Fellows, John_Ashley, Stephen Dewey, Benjamin 
Keys, Enoch Shepard, John Fellows Jun r , Enoch Shepard Jun r , Samuel 
Shed, Joseph Goodrich, John Watson, David Pixley, and Daniel 
Shepard; which, together with the Five following Rights, reserved to 
the several uses in manner following, include the whole of said Town- 
ship, viz 1 ; one Right for the use of a Seminary or Colledge; one Right 
for the use of County Grammar Schools in said State; Lands, to the 
amount of one Right, to be and remain for the Purpose of Settlement 
of a Minister and Ministers of the Gopel in said Township forever; 
Lands, to the amount of one Right for the Support of the social worship 
of God in said Township; and Lands, to the amount of one Right, for 
the Support of an English School or Schools in said Township. Which 
said Two Rights; for the use of a Seminary or Colledge, and for the use 
of County Grammar Schools as aforesaid, and the Improvements, Rents, 
Interests and Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, 
Order, Direction and Disposal of the General Assembly of said State 
forever. And the Proprietors of said Township are hereby authorized 
and empowered to locate said two Rights justly and equitably, or Quan- 
tity for Quality, in such Parts of said Township as they or their Committee 
shall judge will least incommode the general Settlement of said Tract 
or Township. And the said Proprietors are hereby further empowered, 
to locate the Lands aforesaid, amounting to three Rights, assigned, — for 
the Settlement of a Minister and Ministers; for their Support; and for 
the use and Support of English Schools, in such, and in so many Places, 
as they or their Committee shall judge will best accommodate the In- 
habitants of said Township, when the same shall be fully settled and 
improved; laying the same equitably, or Quantity for Quality. Which 
said Lands, amounting to the three last mention d Rights, when located 
as aforesaid, shall, together with their Improvements, Rights, Rents, 
Profits Dues and Interests, remain unalienably appropriated for the 
uses and Purposes for which they are respectively assigned; and be 



WOODBURY 229 

•under the Charge, Direction and Disposal of the Inhabitants of said 
Township forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given and granted as 
aforesaid, is bounded and described as follows, viz 4 ; "Beginning at the 
Nortk Easterly Corner of Elmore, — then North 56 East in the Line of 
Woodbury and Hardwick, six Miles; then North 54 West, six Miles; 
then South 36 West, six Miles, to the North westerly Corner of Elmore; 
theft South 54 East in the Line of Elmore, six Miles, to the Bound began 
at." And that the same be, and hereby is incorporated into a Township, 
by the Name of Wolcott. And the Inhabitants that do, or shall here- 
after inhabit said Township, are declared to be infranchised, and en- 
titled to all the Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitants of other 
Towns within this State do, and ought by the Laws and Constitution of 
this State, to exercise and enjoy. To Have and to Hold the said 
granted Premises, as above expressed, with all the Priviledges and Ap- 
purtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, unto them and their 
respective Heirs and Assigns forever: upon the following Conditions and 
Reservations, viz 1 , That each Proprietor of the Township of Wolcott 
aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall plant and cultivate Five Acres of 
Land, and build an House at least Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, 
or have one Family settled on each respective Right, within the Term 
of Three Years next after the Circumstances of the war will admit of a 
Settlement with Safety; on Penalty of the Forfeiture of each Right of 
Land in said Township, not so improved or settled; and the same to 
revert to the Freemen of this State; to be, by their Representatives, re- 
granted to such Persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. 
That all Pine Timber, suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use and 
Benefit of the Freemen of this State. In Testimony whereof I have 
hereunto set my Hand, and caused the Seal of this State to be affixed, 
this Twenty-second Day of August Anno Domini 1781. And in the 5 th 
Year of our Independence. 



By His Excellency's Command. 
Tho. Tolman Dep y Secr y 



Thomas Chittenden 



THE CHARTER OF WOODBURY 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
-*— Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall, come Greeting: 

Know ye that Whereas William Lyman Esquire and Colonel 
Ebenezer Wood, and their associates our worthy friends have by Peti- 




23O CHARTER RECORDS 

tion requested a grant of a Tract of unappropriated Lands within this 
State in order for Setling a new plantation to be erected into a Town- 
ship, We have therefore thought fit for the due Encouragement of their 
Laudable designs, & for other valuable considerations us hereunto 
moving, and do by these presents in the name and by the authority of 
the Freemen of the State of Vermont Give and Grant the Tract of Land 
hereafter discribed and bounded unto them the said William Lyman 
& Ebenezer Wood, and the Several persons hereafter named their asso- 
ciates viz fc Joshua L. Woodbridge, Seth Murry, Elihu Murry, Israel 
Chapin, John Stone, Benjamin Sheldon, Samuel Cook, Elisha Porter, 
John C. Williams, Thomas Hunt, Nathaniel Edwards, Ezra Phillips, 
Nahum Edgar, Asahel Pomeroy, Park Woodward, John Woodward, 
Asa Woodward, William Potter, Benedict Eggleston, Thomas Wood- 
ward, Joseph Clark, Henry Champion, Henry Champion Ju r , Epaphra- 
ditus Champion, Thomas Miller, Joel Day, Oliver Wright, Daniel 
Wright, Samuel Clark, Stephen Jenkins, Zebina Curtis, Abel Adams, 
Moses Jeffords, Thomas Chittenden, Timothy Brownson, John Fassett 
Ju r , Noble Everit, Jonathan Brace, Gustavus Walbridge, Rodolphus 
Walbridge, Caleb Benjamin. John Knickerbacer, Daniel Benjamin, 
Howel Woodbridge, Samuel Bishop, Noah Smith, Daniel Smith, Israel 
Smith, Chloe Smith, Simeon Hatheway, Shadrach Hatheway, Ana 
Hatheway, Jale Hatheway, William Gould, Jonathan Burrel, Nathaniel 
Chipman, Enoch Woodbridge, Stephen Pearl, John Burnham, Joseph 
Fay, Timothy Follett, Thomas Tolman, <Sc Silas Robinson, which 
Together with the Five following Rights, or shares reserved to the 
Several Public uses in manner following include the whole of said Tract 
fjfcad the or Township viz 1 Read which Tract of Land hereby given and granted 
R'u > as a f° resa ^ i s bounded and discribed as follows, viz c , Beginning, at 
which is the North Easterly Corner of Calais, then North 34 D° West, in the Line of 
verbatum Calais six miles to an angle thereof, Then north 36 D° East six miles, then 
with this South 34 D° East six miles, Then south 36 D° West six miles to the Bounds 
,. *? r ' Began at, And that the same be and hereby is Incorporated into a 
of the 5 Township by the name of Woodbury, and the Inhabitents that do or 
public shall hereafter inhabit said Township are declared to be infranchised & 
Rtghts. m tj t i ec i to a u t h e Priviledges and Immunities that the Inhabitents of 
other Towns within this State do and ought by the Laws & Constitution 
of this State to Exercise & Enjoy. To Have and to hold the said 
Granted Premises as above expressed in equal Shares with all the Privi- 
ledges and appurtenences thereto belonging & appertaining unto them 
and their respective Heirs and assigns forever upon the following Con- 
ditions & reservations viz 1 that each Proprietor in the Township of 
Woodbury his hiers or assigns shall plant and Cultivate five acres of 
Land & build an House at least Eighteen feet square on the floor, or 
have one family settled on each respective Right within the Term of three 
years next after the circumstances of the War will admit of a Settlement 
with Safety, on penalty of the forfieture of each respective Right or 
Share of Land in said Township not so improved or settled and the sam 



WOODBURY 23I — % T-s 

to revert to the freemen of this State, to be by their Representatives re- 
granted to such persons as shall appear to settle and cultivate the same. 
That all Pine Timber suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use and 
Benifit of the freemen of this State; In Testimony whereof we have 
hereunto affixed the Seal of this State in Council this 16 day of August 
AD (1781) and in the 5 th year of the Independence of this & 6 of the 
United States. 

Thomas Chittenden . 
By His Excellency 45 Command. 
Thomas Tolman D. Sec y . 



APPENDIX 



APPENDIX A 

WOODBRIDGE 

We reproduce here (from Huse, Vol. XXVI S. P. ofN. H. pages 737-8): 
WOODBRIDGE. — Oct. 26, 1781, a grant of a township of unap- 
propriated lands was made to Maj. Theodore Woodbridge and Com- 
pany, (Governor and Council, II — 126, 127) The granting fees were not 
paid however, and Ira Allen, as Surveyor General, was "empowered 
and directed by the Governor and Council in accordance with an Act 
of the Legislature" to dispose of the township granted to Maj. Wood- 
bridge and use the proceeds in purchasing stores &c, (Governor and 
Council III — 32, 33). Allen, having failed to dispose of the township, 
advanced funds on his own account and Gov. Chittenden at the request 
of Allen issued a charter to the latter in Oct. 1786. This act led to the 
defeat of Gov. Chittenden at the election in 1789, but after the whole 
matter had been thoroughly investigated by a committee of the legis- 
lature and a large balance found to be due Allen, as Surveyor General, 
from the State, Gov. Chittenden was recalled from private life and held 
the office of governor continuously thereafter until his death. 

The following is from Governor and Council III — 512, 513: "The 
charter of Woodbridge seems never to have been recorded by the Secre- 
tary of the Governor and Council, or the Secretary of State, but it was 
entered by Allen in his record as Surveyor General, and is now in the 
office of the Secretary of State, in a book erroneously marked as Vol. 2 
of town charters. All the town charters in this book, Woodbridge ex- 
cepted, are in the official record . . . The charter of Woodbridge 
given to Allen was dated Oct. 26, 1781, the date of the grant to Maj. 
Woodbridge, and it was recorded by Allen on the 10th of Oct. 1786, in 
this book, which probably was originally intended for a state record, 
but was withheld on account of the questionable character of Wood- 
bridge." See (Ms.) Vermont charters, II — 26 to 28. The charter of 
Woodbridge described it as a tract bounded West on Alburgh and must 
have covered part at least of Highgate. When Allen's writ was served 
upon the state in 1792 the present town of Troy was levied upon as 
"Woodbridge, so called," (Governor and Council, IV: 428). 



[CHARTER OF WOODBRIDGE] 

The Governor, Council, and General Assembly of the 
Freemen of the State of Vermont. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye, that, Whereas The Honorable Ira Allen Esq r hath by 
Petition requested a Grant of a Tract of unappropriated Lands in this 



236 APPENDIX 

state, for himself and Associates, in order for settling a New Plantation 
thereon, to be erected into a Township: We have therefore thought 
fit, for the due Encouragement of this laudable Design, & for other 
valuable considerations us hereunto moving — And do by these Presents, 
In the Name, & by the Authority of the Freemen of the State of Ver- 
mont, give & grant the Tract of Land hereafter described & bounded, 
unto him the s d Ira Allen, and to the several Persons hereafter named, 
his Associates, Viz; Marey Warshurn John Lamb, James Lamb Robart 
Lamb Peter Lamb Charles Lamb Abraham Lamb Charles Davis 
Richard Davis Peter Payne John Roll Benjamin Dudley Isaac Bunn 
Theophilas Bentley John Abbot Stephen Abbot Peter Palmer Simeon 
Palmer Jobe Bunn James Frost Ziba Peck Aaron Sturges Tho s Pang- 
burn Roderick Bound Philip Beard Joseph Brady Andrew Liscumb John 
Jinkins James Prat Sam 1 Starns Obadiah Burton Noble Pearl Partrick 
Hine William Brasur Zera Dobson Cornelias Vanwick Amos Petibone 
Peter Weatherbee Rufus Botton David Brownson Heber Sargents Tho 3 
Varnum Lodawick Prouty Horris Pebody Cyrus Grandy Oliver Doty 
Sam 1 Squire Isaac Benedick Reuben Foster Calvin Purdy Benjamin 
Braton Ralf Chamberlin Seth Osburn Phinehas Rogers Henry Smith 
Charles Randal Reuben Rud Zadock Clark Andrew Morgan Rolf Brown 
Ichabod Rogers Coonrod White Joshua Bloodgood Martin Page which, 
together with the five following Rights, or five Seventieth Parts of s d 
Tract, to be reserved to the several uses in manner following, include the 
whole of s d Tract or Township, Viz; One Right for the use of a Seminary 
or College, — One Right for the use of County Grammar Schools in s d 
State Lands to the amount of one Right to be and remain for the Purpose of 
settlement of a Minister or Ministers of the Gospel in s d Township forever. 
Lands to the amount of one Right for the support of the social worship 
of God in said Township; and Lands to the amount of one Right for the 
use & support of an English school or schools in s d Township. W^hich 
s d two Rights, for the use of a Seminary or College, & for the use of 
County Grammar Schools as afores d and the Improvements, Rents, 
Interests & Profits arising therefrom, shall be under the Controul, 
order, Direction & Disposal of the General Assembly of s d State forever. 
And the Proprietors of s d Township are hereby authorised & empowered 
to locate s d two Rights justly & equitably, or quantity for quality in 
such parts of s d Township as they or their Committee shall judge will 
least incommode the general settlement of s d Tract or Township. And 
the s d Proprietors are further empowered to locate the Lands afores d 
amounting to three Rights, assigned for the settlement of a Minister 
or Ministers — for their support and for the use & support of English 
Schools, in such, and in so many places as they or their Committee shall 
judge will best accomodate the Inhabitants of said Township when the 
same shall be fully settled & improved, laying the same equitably or 
quantity for quality — W T hich said Lands amounting to the three Rights 
last mentioned, when located as afores d shall, together with their Im- 
provements, Rights, Rents, Interests, & Profits remain unalienably 



APPENDIX 237 

appropriated to the uses & Purposes for which they are respectively- 
assigned, & be under the Charge Direction and Disposal of the In- 
habitants of s d Township forever. Which Tract of Land, hereby given 
& granted as afores d is bounded & described as follows, viz; Be- 
ginning at the North Fast Corner of Alburgh, in the south Line of the 
Province of Quebec, & north Line of Vermont; Then East in said Line 
so far that to turn Southerly to the No(r)therly Line of Lands heretofore 
.granted then westerly in such Line to the south Easterly Corner of Alburgh 
— then No{r)therly in the Line of Alburgh to the Bound began at will con- 
tain Twenty three Thousand and Forty Acres" 

And that the same be and hereby is incorporated into a Township by 
by the Name of Woodbridge And the Inhabitants that do, or shall 
hereafter inhabit s d Township, are declared to be infranchised, & in- 
titled to all the Privileges & immunities that the Inhabitants of other 
Towns within this state do & ought, by the Laws & Constitution of this 
state, to Exercise and enjoy. 

To Have and to Hold the s d granted Premises, as above expressed 
with all the Priviliges& Appurtenences thereof unto them & their respective 
Heirs and Assigns forever, upon the following Conditions & Reserva- 
tions, Viz 1 That each proprietor in the s d Township of His Heirs or 
Assigns, plant & cultivate Five Acres of Land, & build an House at least 
Eighteen Feet square on the Floor, or have one Family settled on each 
respective Right, within the Term of Three Years after the Circum- 
stances of the present war will admit of a settlement with Safety: On 
Penalty of the Forfeiture of each respective Right or Share of Land in 
s d Township, not so improved or setled, & the same to revert to the 
Freemen of this State to be by their Representatives regranted to such 
Persons as shall appear to settle & cultivate the same. That all Pine 
Timber suitable for a Navy, be reserved for the use & Benefit of the 
Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof We have caused the seal of this State to be 
affixed, In Council, this Twenty sixth Day of October In the Year 
of our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred & Eighty one, and in the 
5 th - Year of. our Independence 



Tho 9 Chittenden 



By His Excellency's Command 
Tho. Tolman Dep. Sec y . 

Survey 1 ", Gen 1 Office Sunderland Oct r 10 th 1786 

Recorded from the Original Charter 

Att. I. Allen Surve' yr Gen 1 . 



Note: — The foregoing "charter" of Woodbridge found recorded in the (questioned) 
"Volume II" of [Surveyor-General's] Vermont Charters, pp. 26-7, is here reproduced on 
account of its historic importance. Upon the flyleaf of the same Volume, above the index, 
the following is found: — 

"The Book found In the hands of Hollace Hastings of St. Albans Franklin County & State 
o£ Vermont this 13th Day of Xovbr- 18.24 — ^ e sa ^ Hastings says this Book was Given to 
him. at Colchester by Ira Allen, Son to Ira Alien Deceased Late Survey Gen 1 & he said 



238 APPENDIX 

Hollace Hastings says that he Lived with Said Allen & thear Saw other Books of this- 
Discription which appeared to be hid or rightly fild by Record — which he supposes, — and 
without dought are the Book or Books In which the Original Charters of the Towns 
Granted by this State & well as the Ones Granted by Xew Hampshire, which Are now In 
this State — this Book the Greatest parts being Blank paper — has this Day be given by 
Hastings to me. 

Joseph Beeman" 



APPENDIX B 
[COPY OF CHARTER OF ST. GEORGE] 

George the Third by the Grace of God of Great 
Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the 

Faith 

St. George Province of New Hampshire 

\ j To all Persons to whom these Presents shall come Greeting — 

Know Ye that we of our special Grace, certain Knowledge and 
meer motion for the due encouragement of settling a new Plantation 
within our said Province by and with the advice of our trusty and well 
beloved Benning Wentworth Esq r our Governor & Commander in Chief 
of our said Province of New Hampshire in New England and of our 
Council of the said Province Have upon the Conditions and Reserva- 
tions hereinafter made given and granted And by these Presents for us 
our heirs and Successors do give and grant in equal Shares unto our 
loving Subjects -Inhabitants of our said Province of New Hampshire and 
our other Governments and to their heirs and Assigns forever whose 
names are entered on this Grant to be divided to and amongst them into 
Seventy equal Shares all that tract or parcel of Land situate lying and 
being within our said Province of New Hampshire containing by ad- 
measurement 23040 Acres Which tract is to contain six miles square and 
no more; out of which an Allowance is to be made for highways and 
unimproveable Lands by Rocks Ponds Mountains and Rivers one 
thousand and forty Acres free according to a Plan and Survey thereof 
made by our said Governor's order and returned into the Secretary's 
office and hereunto annexed Butted and bounded as follows viz 1 Be- 
ginning at the Southeast Corner of Shelburne a Tozvnship this day granted 
being a Stake and Stones in the Northerly side Line of Hindsburgh and 
from thence running east six Miles to a stake and Stones Then turning off 



APPENDIX 239 

•and running North six miles to a Stake and Stones Then turning off and 
running West six miles to the northeasterly corner of Shelburne afores d 
Then running South six miles by Shelburne afores d to the Southeasterly 
Corner thereof the bound began at. And that the same be and hereby is 
incorporated into a Township by the name of St. George And the In- 
habitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit the said Township are 
hereby declared to be enfranchised with and entitled to all and every 
the Priviledges and Immunities that other towns within our Province 
by Law exercise and enjoy: And further that the said Town as soon as 
there shall be fifty Families resident and settled thereon shall have the 
liberty of holding two fairs one of which shall be held on the 
and the other on the annually — 

which fairs are not to continue longer than the 
respective following the said 

And that as soon as the said Town shall consist of fifty Families, a 
market may be opened and kept one or more days in each week as may 
be thought most advantageous to the inhabitants. Also that the first 
meeting for the Choice of Town officers agreeable to the Laws of our 
said Province shall be held on the third Wednesday in September next 
Which said meeting shall be notified by M r Jesse Hallock who is hereby 
also appointed the Moderator of the said first meeting which he is to 
notify & govern agreeable to the Laws and Customs of our said Province 
And that the annual meeting for ever hereafter for the choice of such 
officers for the said Town shall be on the second Tuesday of March 
annually To have and to hold the said Tract of Land as above ex- 
pressed together with all Priviledges and Appurtenances to them and 
their respective Heirs and Assigns for ever upon the following Condi- 
tions, viz' 

I. That every Grantee his Heirs or Assigns shall plant and cul- 
tivate five Acres of Land within the term of five Years for every fifty 
Acres contained in his or their Share or Proportion of Land in said Town- 
ship and continue to improve and settle the same by additional Culti- 
vations, on penalty of the forfeiture of his Grant or Share in the said 
Township and of its reverting to us our Heirs and Successors to be 
by us or them regranted to such of our Subjects as shall effectually 
settle and cultivate the same. 

II. That all white and other Pine Trees within the said Township 
fit for masting our royal Navy be carefully preserved for that use and 
none to be cut or felled without our special Licence for so doing first had 
and obtained upon the penalty of the Forfeiture of the right of such 
Grantee his Heirs and Assigns to us our Heirs and Successors as well 
as being subject to the Penalty of any Act or Acts of Parliament that 
now are or hereafter shall be enacted. 

III. That before any Division of the Land be made to and among 
the Grantees a tract of Land as near the Centre of the said Township as 
the land will admit of shall be reserved and marked out for town Lots, 
one of which shall be allotted to each Grantee of the Contents of one 
Acre. 



24O APPENDIX 

IV. Yielding and paying therefore to us our heirs and Successors 
for the space of ten years to be computed from the date hereof the rent 
of one Ear of Indian Corn only on the twenty fifth day of December 
annually if lawfully demanded, the first Payment to be made on the 
twenty fifth day of December 1763. 

V. Every Proprietor Settler or Inhabitant shall yield and pay 
unto us our heirs and successors yearly and every year forever from and 
after the expiration of ten years from the above said twenty fifth day of 
December namely on the twenty fifth day of December which will be 
in the year of our Lord 1773 one Shilling Proclamation money for every 
hundred Acres he so owns settles or posesses and so in proportion for a 
greater or lesser tract of the said Land Which money shall be paid by 
the respective persons above said their heirs or assigns in our Council 
Chamber in Portsmouth or to such officer or officers as shall be appointed 
to receive the same And this to be in lieu of all other rents and Services 
whatsoever. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the Seal of our 
said Province to be hereunto affixed. Witness Benning 
Wentworth Esq r our Governor and Commander in Chief 
of our said Province the 18 th day of August in the Year of 
our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred and sixty 
three and in the third Year of our Reign — B. Wentworth 
— By His Excellency's Command — with advice of Coun- 
cil — T Atkinson Jun r Secy. — 

Province of New Hampshire August 18 1763 Recorded 
in the 3 d Book of Charters Pages 22 & 23 p r . T. Atkinson 
Jun r , Secry 
Names of the Grantees of St. George viz 1 Isaac How, Jesse Hallock, 
Samuel Farmer, Christian Farmer, John Farmer, Christian Farmer Jun r r 
Robert Farmer, Peter Farmer, Jeremiah Leming, Thomas Ellison Jun r , 
William Ellison, Simon Ramson, Rem Remson, Isaac Sears, JesperDrake, 
Joseph Sacket, Joseph Sacket Doc 1 Frances Sacket, William Butler,. 
Isaac Underhill, Benjamin Underhill, Henry Franklin, Jonathan Court- 
land, Uriah Wolmon, Amos Underhill, Richard Willits, Samuel Willits, 
Jacob Watson, Benjamin Ferris, Daniel Prindle, Joshua Watson, Ben- 
jamin Seaman, Edmund Seaman, Richard Seaman, Richard Titus, Isaac 
Man, Isaac Man Jun r , John Man, Thomas Man William Man, Ennes 
Graham, John Jeffreys, Peter Vanderwort, W T illiam Hayer, Magnes 
Garret, Robert Ling, John Dervieux Murphy, Edward Ferrol Murphy, 
John Dervieux Murphy Jun r Thomas Wright, Caleb Wright, John 
Wright, Timothy Witmore, Timothy Broundige, John Witmore, 
Benjamin Clap, Benjamin Clap Jun r , Henry Clap Jun r , Daniel Quinby, 
Jonathan Quinby, Jonathan Weeks, Hon bIe John Temple Esq r , Theodore 
Atkinson Esq r , and Mark H. Wentworth Esq r and John Fisher Esq r — 
His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq r a tract of Land to contain five 
hundred Acres as marked BW. in the plan which is to be accounted two 
of the within Shares. — One whole share for the incorporated Society for 



APPENDIX 



2 4 I 



the propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts. — One whole share for a 
Glebe for the Church of England as by Law established. — One whole 
Share for the first settled Minister and one Share for the benefit of a 
School in said Town forever. — 

Province of New Hampshire August 18 th 1763 Recorded in the 
third Book of Charters Page 24 pr. T. Atkinson Jun r , Sec y 



*?wj? wyr 



t/T CpevfreZZ 



BW 



Joviffi <frf?j!t* 



cnr/n<!sv 






$asf/ 0f0&mc£i£6i<T<>h 



Province of New Hampshire August 18 th 1763 
Recorded in the 3 Book of Charters Page (21) 

pr. T. Atkinson Jun r Secy. 
State of Vermont Secry's. Office 5 th Janry 1 788 

The preceding Charter, List of Grantees & Plan of S l George are 
recorded in this Office at the request of the Proprietors of said Town & 
are true Copies of the originals. 

Attest. Micah Townsend. Sec ry . 



Note. — The foregoing copy of Charter of St. George is found recorded in Vol. Ill 
|Ms.] Vermont Charters, pp. 9-14. 



242 APPENDIX 

APPENDIX C 

[LIEUT. ANDREW F. PHILLIPS GRANT AND MORTGAGE 

THEREOF] 

Province of New Hampshire 

George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain. 
France & 

Lieut. Andra. F. Phillips Grant 




France & Ireland, King, Defender, of the Faith 



To all to whom these presents shall come. Greeting: 

Whereas we have thought fit by our proclamation given at St. 
James the 7th day of Oct r in the 3 d year of our Reign AD. 1763 amongst 
other things to testify our Royal sence & approbation of the conduct 
& bravery of the officers & soldiers of our armies and to signify our desire 
of rewarding the same & have therein commanded & impowered our 
several Governors of our respective provinces on the Continent of 
America to grant without fee or reward to such reduced officers as have 
served in North America during the late war & to such private soldiers 
as have been or shall be disbanded there & shall personally apply for 
such quantities of land respectively as in & by our aforesaid proclamation 
are particularly mentioned subject nevertheless to the same quit rents 
& conditions of cultivation & improvements that as other our lands are 
subject to in the province within which they are granted — And whereas 
Andrew Faneuil Phillips Gent n of Boston in the County of Suffolk and 
province of the Massachusetts Bay had an appointment under the hands 
& Seal of George Williamson Esq r Colonel and Commanding Officer of 
our Royal Train of Artillery in America to be conductor of our stores in 
our said train & serve during the late war in North America and is now 
reduced & having agreeable to our aforesaid proclamation personally 
solicited such grantt Know ye that we of our special grace, certain 
knowledge & mere motion do signify our approbation as aforesaid 
& for encourageing the settlement & cultivation of our land 
within our province of New Hampshire in New England, have and 
by and with the advice of our trusty & well beloved Benning 
Wentworth Esq r Governor & Commander in Chief of our said 
province of New Hampshire & of our Council of our said province 
agreeable to our aforesaid in part recited proclamation & upon the 
conditions & reservations herein after mentioned given & granted & 
by these presents for us our heirs & successors do give & grant 
unto the said Andrew Faneuil Phillips his heirs & assigns forever 
a certain tract of land containing two thousand acres lying & being 
within our said province of New Hampshire butted & bounded as 
follows viz Beginning at the Northeasterly corner bounds of a tract of land 



APPENDIX 243 

lately granted to Robert Rogers Esq r which tract is bounded on the Eastern 
side line of the township of Stamford in this province and from the said 
Northeasterly corner of said Rogers said grant to run due West by said 
Rogers Grant to the Easterly side line of Stamford aforesaid £5? from thence 
to carry the length of that line back due North so far as that a parrellel 
line will include two thousand acres of land — To have & to hold the 
said tract of land as above expressed to him the said Andrew Fanieuil 
Phillips & to his heirs &: assigns forever upon the following conditions 
and reservations viz — I st . That the said Andrew Faneuil Phillips his 
heirs or assigns shall plant & cultivate five acres of land within the term 
of five years for every fifty acres contained in this his grant & continue 
to improve & settle the same by additional cultivating on penalty of this 
forfeiture of this his grant and of its reverting to us our heirs & successors 
to be by us or them regranted to such of our subjects as shall effectually 
settle & cultivate the same — 2 d That all white and other pine trees 
within said tract fit for masting our Royal Navy be carefully preserved 
for that use & none to be cut or felled without our special license for so 
doing first had & obtained upon the penalty &. forfeiture of the right of 
the grantee his heirs and assigns to us our heirs & successors, as well as 
being subject to the penalty of any act or acts of parliament that now 
are or shall hereafter shall be enacted — 

3 d Yeilding & paying therefore to us our heirs and successors for the - 
space of ten years to be computed from the date hereof the rent of one 
ear of Indian Corn only on the 25 th day of December if annually de- 
manded — 

4 th The said grantee his heirs or assigns shall yield & pay unto us our 
heirs & successors yearly & every year forever from and after the ex- 
piration of ten years from the above said 25 th day of December namely 
on the 25 th day of December which will be in the year of our Lord 1774 
one shilling proclamation money for every hundred acres he so owns 
settles or possesses & so in proportion for a greater or lesser tract of the 
said land which money shall be paid by the respective owner, settler or 
possessor as aforesaid in our Council Chamber in Portsmouth in the 
province aforesaid or to such officer or officers as shall be appointed to 
receive the same — And this to be in lieu of all other rents & services 
whatsoever — In Testimony whereof we have caused the seal of our said 
province to be hereunto affixed. — Witness Benning Wentworth Esq r our 
Gov r & Commander in Chief of our said province the 19 th day of 
August in the year of our Lord Christ 1764 & in the 4 th year of Our 
Reign — B Wentworth — 

By his Excellency's command with advice of Council 
T. Atkinson Jun r Secry. 

Province of New Hampshire Aug th 20th, 1764 Recorded according 
to the original Charter under the province seal pr. T. Atkinson Jun r 
Secry. 

Province of New Hampshire Aug. 20, 1764 I do hereby acknowledge 
to have received a grant of two thousand acres of land as by the above 



244 APPENDIX 

pattent will appear in virtue of his Majesty's proclamation above re- 
ferred to — And I do hereby declare that I never have received any 
satisfaction of any of His Majesty's Governments before witness my 
hand 

A. F. Phillips 
August 20 th 1764 Recorded from the bottom of the original grant 
signed by Andrew F. Phillips 

attest T. Atkinson Jun r Secy. 
Copy Exam'd. pr. Joseph Pearson Secy. 

State of Vermont Secy office March 23 d 178(9] 
Recorded at the request of the assigns of the grantee. 

Attest Ros. Hopkins, Secy. 

Know all men by these presents that Andrew Faneuil Phillips 
of Boston in the County of Suffolk & province of Massachusetts Bay 
Gen 4 — for and in consideration of nine pounds Lawful money of Great 
Britain to me in hand before the delivery hereof well & truly paid by 
George Jaffrey Esq r of Portsmouth in the province of New Hampshire 
the receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge have given granted bar- 
gained sold & by these presents do give, grant, bargain sell aliene enfeoff 
and confirm unto the said George Jaffrey his heirs 5c assigns forever all 
that Tract or parcel of land containing two thousand acres in the pro- 
vince of New Hampshire but not within the bounds of any township 
bounded as follows viz beginning at the Northeasterly corner bounds of a 
tract of land lately granted to Robert Rogers Esq T which tract is bounded 
on the east side line of Stamford in Nezu Hampshire and from the said 
Northeasterly corner of said Rogers said grant rims due West by said Rogers 
grant to the Easterly side line of Stamford aforesaid 1$ from thence carry s 
the length of that line back due North so far as that a parrallel line will in- 
clude two thousand acres of land the same being granted to me by charter 
dated the 11 th day of Aug 1 1764 duly executed & recorded — To have & 
to hold the said granted premises with all the priviledges & appur- 
tenances to the same appertaining to him the said George Jaffrey his 
heirs & assigns to his & their only proper use & benefit forever — And the 
said A. F. Phillips for me my heirs Executors & ad m do hereby covenant 
grant & agree to & with the said George Jaffrey his heirs & assigns that at 
& until the delivery hereof I am the lawful owner of the said premises 
am lawfully] seized & po[se]sed thereof in my own right in fee simple & 
have full power & lawful authority to grant & convey the same in manner 
aforesaid — that the said premises are free & clear of all & every incum- 
brance whatsoever — And that I my heirs Executors & administrators 
shall & will warrant the same to the said George Jaffrey his heirs & assigns 
ag 1 the lawful claims & demands of any person or persons whomsoever — 
provided nevertheless that if I the said Phillips my heirs Ex rs or Ad ms 
shall well & truly pay or cause to be paid to the said George Jaffrey his 
Ex rs Ad ms or assigns the full & just sum of forty four Spanish milld dollars 
at or before the 31 st day of Aug 1 1765 with Int. at the rate of ten per cent 



. 



APPENDIX 245 , 

pr. annum till paid then the foregoing deed to be void & of none effect 
or else to remain in full force & virtue 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal the 31 st 
day of Aug. 1764 A. F. Phillips (L. S.) 

Signed Sealed & delivered in prescence of Mark Langdon, Samuel Frost 
Province of New Hampshire Aug. 31 st 1764 then the above named A. F. 
Phillips personally appearing acknowledged this Instrument to be his 
free act & deed before me William Parker Just. Peace 
Recorded by request March 23 d 1789 

attest Ros. Hopkins Secy. 

Note. — The foregoing copy of Lieut. Andrew F. Phillips' Grant and mortgage thereof 
is recorded in Vol, III, [Ms.] Vermont Charters, pp. 15-18. 



M 



Notes 

HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE , 
ORIGINALLY COMPILED BY 

HIRAM A. HUSE 
in 1895 

Continued and Brought Up to Date 



APPENDIX D 

NOTES 
HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE 

ACTON. — About 5,045 acres of land in Windham County granted 
by Vermont, Feb. 23, 1782, to Moses Johnson & Company, thirty- 
three in number, ante p. 113. This tract was granted under the name of 
Johnson's Gore and it was so known until it was incorporated Nov. 6, 
1800, as the township of Acton, which, however, was not by its incor- 
poration given representation in the General Assembly except that its 
freemen were given the right to assemble with those of Townshend in 
freemen's meeting in Townshend. In 1824, notwithstanding this 
attempted restriction, a representative was chosen from Acton, and 
again in 1825, and these representatives were admitted. In 1825 the 
act of incorporation was amended by repealing the section by the 
terms of which the freemen of Acton were to assemble with those of 
Townshend in freemen's meeting. In Oct, 1840, an act annexing 
Acton to Townshend was passed. This act, after acceptance by each 
town, went into effect Feb. 1, 1841. 

Laws of Vermont, 1800, p. 29; 1840, p. 59; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, (Gazetteer), p. 1; ditto, edition of 1824, p. 45; Hemenway's 
Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 5:532; Governor and Council, 4:285; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 71; State Papers Vt., 1:28. 

See Warrenton, (New York grant), post. 



ADDISON. — Town in Addison County, granted by New Hamp- 
shire Oct. 14, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:3). The first English fort 
on Vermont territory was built in this town at Chimney Point in 1690 by 
a party from Albany under Capt. Jacobus D'Narm. This fort was not 
permanently occupied. But the French made a settlement at Chimney 
Point in 1730 which continued until near the time of the New Hamp- 
shire grant of Addison. An agreement between the proprietors of Addi- 
son and those of Panton was ratified by act of Oct. 24, 1785, giving the 
proprietors of Panton the ownership of 8,000 acres in the north part of 
Addison, it proving that Addison, granted three years before Panton, 
lapped over lands first settled by Panton proprietors. Part annexed to 
Weybridge Oct. 22, 1804. Part annexed to Waltham Oct. 25, 1804. 
Legislation as to lines between Addison and Weybridge: Laws of 
1856:78, survey to be made; 1859:148, establishing line; 1862:51, estab- 
lishing line. 



25O APPENDIX 

The act of Oct. 24, 1785 is found in [msj Record of Acts and Laws of 
the State of Vermont in America, 1:509, and in [msj Vermont State 
Papers, Vol. 1; and is referred to in [Revised] Laws 1797, p. 145 of 
Appendix; Laws, 1804, pp. 7, 23; 1856, p. 78; 1859, p. 148; 1862, p. 51; 
Thompson's Gazetteer, p. 1; Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 
I — 1; Child's Gazetteer of Addison County, p. 63; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History and Description of New England, p. 731; Conant's 
Vermont, pp. 67, 72;Governor and Council; Deming's Vermont Officers 
1918, p. 71; State Papers Vt. 1:28; Crockett's History of Vermont, 
1921, 1:222-4. 

Gov. Dunmore of New York, March 13, 1771, granted a small tract 
in Addison to Adolphus Benzel, and May 30, 1771, granted 10,000 
acres lying in Addison, to Sir John St. Clair. Vermont Hist. Soc. Col. 
1:155; Vol. 1, Documentary Hist, of N. Y., map preceding Index. 



AIKIN'S GORE. — About 930 acres in Windham County granted 
by Vermont Feb. 25, 17S2, to Edward Aikin [later spelled Aikenj, 
Nathaniel Brown, Peter Sylvester, Peter Sylvester 2d, William Aikin 
and Nathaniel B. Brown, and by the terms of the charter annexed to 
Londonderry which had been granted in 1 781, ante p. 3. It forms the 
southwest part of Londonderry, and most, if not all, of this gore w r as 
included in the 26,000 acre grant made by New York, Aug. 9, 1770, 
called Virgin Hall. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part 3, under 
Londonderry; Governor and Council; State Papers Vt., 1:28. 

See Virgin Hall, (New York grant), post. 



ALBANY. — Town in Orleans County. A grant was made June 
27, 1 78 1, by resolution of the General Assembly to Colonel Henry 
Emanuel Lutterloh and Major Thomas Cogswell and their associates 
to the number of sixty-five officers and soldiers then in the continental 
army, of a tract of land six miles square to be located and return made of 
the location to Ira Allen, Surveyor General, "to obtain a charter of in- 
corporation. " The town was charted as Lutterloh, (sometimes written 
Lutterlock), June 26, 1782. Col. Antipas Gilman being one of the gran- 
tees, ante p. 128. Col. Henry Emanuel Lutterloh was a New York 
officer appointed Deputy Quarter-Master-General by General Wash- 
ington, June 30, 1777. Major Thomas Cogswell was a Massachusetts 
officer, then of Haverhill, Mass., and afterwards of Gilmanton, N. H. 
Name of Lutterloh changed to Albany in 18 15. 

Laws of 181 5, p. II; 1870, p. 570; Thompson's Gazetteer, p. 2; 



APPENDIX 25I 

ditto, edition of 1824, p. 46; Child's Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans 
Counties, p. 189; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, p. 
733; Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:46; Governor and 
Council, 8 vols.;[ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 31; Land Records, p. 535; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 72; StatePapers Vt., 1:28, 96. 



ALBURGH. — Town in Grand Isle County granted by Vermont 
to Ira Allen and his sixty-four associates Feb. 23, 1781, ante p. 4. The 
name is said to be an abbreviation of Allenburgh or Allensburgh. A 
settlement was made within its bounds by the French in 173 1 at Wind 
Mill Point. This settlement was made under a French grant to Francis 
Foucault, afterwards confirmed and renewed by the King of France. 
After the conquest of Canada this grant was confirmed by the King of 
Great Britain and the title passed from Foucault to Gen. Haldimand, 
from Haldimand to Henry Caldwell, and from Henry Caldwell to John 
Caldwell, all British subjects. The tract went, before it was known as 
Alburgh, successively under the names of Point Algonquin, Point Du 
Detour, Point Detouror, Turnabout, Missisco Leg, Missisco Tongue, 
and Caldwell's Upper Manor. Heman Allen acquired the Caldwell 
title and about 1820 endeavored to establish it in a United States Court 
but failed. Part of Alburgh was annexed to Highgate, Nov. I, 1792. 

Laws of Vermont, 1792, p. 26; Governor and Council, 3:222; 4, see 
index under Alburgh; also other of the 8 vols, of id. as indexed; and es- 
pecially map facing p. 430 of Vol. 8. Thompson's Gazetteer, p. 3; 
ditto, edition of 1824, p. 47; Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer 
2:487; Child's Gazetteer of Franklin and Grand Isle Counties, p. 214; 
Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, p. 733; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 73; State Papers Vt., 1:29. 



ALBURGH GORE. — Referred to in Governor and Council, 4:352, 
354) 358> and 428. Probably that part of Alburgh east of Missisquoi 
Bay which was annexed to Highgate Nov. I, 1792. See Laws of 1806, 
p. 11. 



ANDERSON'S GORE.— About- 1730 acres of land in Windham 
County granted to James Anderson and nine others by resolution of the 
General Assembly, Feb. 27, 1782, which was read in Council Oct. 17, 
1782; see Governor and Council, 3:8. The charter was not issued until 
Oct. 22, 1801, ante p. 6. By the terms of the charter the tract was made 
a part of the town of Windham. 

See Kent, (New York grant), post. 



252 APPENDIX 

ANDOVER. — Town in Windsor County granted by New Hamp- 
shire, Oct. 13, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:7). The Vermont charter 
of Benton's Gore, a tract of about 5,000 acres, constituted it a part of 
Andover after Oct. 25, 1781. Andover was divided Oct. 26, 1799, and 
the western part thereof with Benton's Gore was incorporated as the 
town of Weston. By the act of 1799 the two towns of Andover and 
Weston were restricted to one representative for both, but each town 
elected a representative in 1823, and from that time on each has had one, 
though no repeal of the restriction has been found. 

Laws of 1799, p. 14. Thompson's Gazetteer, p. 3; ditto, edition 
of 1824, p. 48; Child's Gazeteer of Windsor County, p. 72; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, p. 734; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 74; State Papers Vt., 1:29. 

See Virgin Hall, (New York grant), post. 



ARLINGTON. — Town in Bennington County granted by New 
Hampshire July 28, 1761, (State Papers N. H. 26:11). Lieut. Gov. 
Colden of New York granted about 26,000 acres under the name of 
Princetown, May 21, 1765, to Isaac Vrooman and twenty-five others, 
covering part of Arlington, Sunderland, Manchester, and Dorset; this 
being the first New York patent, (except perhaps some of the 154 
military patents issued by New York in 1765), for land in what is now 
Vermont. Oct. 30, 1765, Lieut. Gov. Colden granted (by the second 
New York patent other than military) to James Napier a tract of 10,000 
acres described as "lying partly within the town ships of Shaftsbury, 
Glastenbury, Sunderland and Arlington, formerly granted under the 
Province of New Hampshire. " March 19, 1771, Gov. Dunmore of New 
York granted John Munroe 4,000 acres lying chiefly in Arlington. 
Ethan Allen, Remember Baker, and Thomas Chittenden were sometime 
residents of Arlington, Chittenden being its first representative and 
Allen its second. 

H. Hall's' Early History of Vermont, pp. 80, 81, 133, 134, 276, and 
citations made by Hall of Documentary History of New York. Thom- 
son's Gazetteer, p. 4; ditto, edition of 1824, p. 48; Child's Gazetteer of 
Bennington County, p. 68; Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 
1:121 to 138; History of Arlington, J. K. Batchelder, 191 1; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 75; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1:212; 
State Papers Vt., 1 129. 



ATHENS. — Town in Windham County granted by Vermont May 
3, 1780, ante p. 8. Oct. 30, 1794, part of Athens with a part of Putney 
was incorporated as the town of Brookline. Nov. 13, 1813, that part of 



APPENDIX 253 

Brookline formerly part of Putney was "annexed" to Athens for the 
purpose of choosing a representative and voting for state officers- 
Part of Avery's Gore was annexed to Athens in 18 1 5. Part of Athens 
was annexed to Grafton, Oct. 30, 18 16. Lines between Athens and 
Westminster established 1839. The New York grant of Warrenton 
covered part of what is now Athens. May 16, 1767, Gov. Moore of 
New York granted John Adair a tract of 5,000 acres which lies partly, at 
least, in Athens. 

Laws of 1794, pp. 124-6; 1813, p. 124; 1815, p. 167; 1816, p. 40; 
1839, p. 85; 1846, p. 10; Thompson's Gazetteer, p. 5; ditto, edition of 
1824, p. 50; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, p. J}6; 
Child's Gazetteer of Windham County, p. 80; Hemenway's Vermont 
Historical Gazetteer, pp. 357 to 376; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, 
p. 76; State Papers Vt., 1:30. 

See Warrenton, (New York grant), -post. 



AVERILL. — Township in Essex County granted by New Hamp- 
shire June 29. 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:16) The appraised acreage 
of this and other towns is but an approximation to the real acreage as is 
illustrated in the case of Averill in which the appraised acreage of 1S94 
was 21,200 acres, of 1882 was 22,716 acres, and of 1880 was 20,468 acres. 
Other towns show less discrepancy in their returns which is perhaps ac- 
counted for by Averill being one of the three towns yet unorganized in 
Vermont — Ferdinand and Lewis being the other two. 

Thompson's Gazetteer, p. 6; ditto, edition of 1824, p. 51; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, p. 737; Child's Gazetteer of 
Caledonia and Essex Counties, p. 389; Hemenway's Vermont Historical 
Gazetteer, 1:943; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 53; Land Records, pp. 1-33, 
583-4; State Papers Vt., 1:30. 



AVERY'S GORE. — Samuel Avery was of Westminster as early 
as 1780 and as late as 1799, and there were issued by Vermont to him or 
in his behalf, charters of eight tracts of land. Six at least of these tracts 
both in neighborhood speech and legislative phrase were each called 
Avery's Gore. 

Some of the enactments distinguished the gore to which they applied 
by adding the name of the county in which it was situated; others did not. 
The six tracts referred to were all chartered direct to Avery, and one of 
them, that in Orleans County and now a part of Troy, was often called 
Avery's Grant as well as Avery's Gore. Direct reference by name to the 
smallest of the eight tracts, a gore of only 554 acres which was also 
granted direct to Avery and was between Franklin (then Huntsburgh) 



254 APPENDIX 

and Sheldon (then Hungerford), has not been found in any enactment 
or legislative record. The tract chartered on Avery's account to 
Thomas Pearsall, being the 3,926 acres that from 1803 to 1856 constituted 
the unorganized township of Bradleyvale and that now forms part of 
Concord and Victory, probably never went by the name of Avery's 
Gore. The story of these grants is illustrative of the time. 

In an article on New York Land Grants in Vermont it is stated 
(Vermont Hist. Soc. Collections. 1:157), that to Samuel Avery (and 
others) there was granted Aug. 16, 1774, 28,000 acres in Lincoln and 
Ripton; to Humphrey Avery Sept. 6, 1774, 24,000 acres in Lincoln, 
Ripton and Granville; and Oct. 28, 1775, to Samuel Avery, 40,000 acres 
under the name of Whippleborough. in Starksborough and vicinity. 
In each of these cases there is no doubt that the grant was to the party 
named and his associates. As early as 1780 and 1782 some arrangement 
seems to have been made between the grantees so that Samuel Avery 
(who was perhaps a son of Humphrey Avery of New London, Con- 
necticut) had come to own the New York title to the first two tracts, 
and Mary Whipple (who was perhaps the widow of Daniel Whipple, 
of Brattleborough) that title to the third, or W 7 hippleborough. (See 
Avery's caveats against the granting of the first two tracts, Oct. 4, 1780, 
Vt. [ms.] State Papers, 21:181, 183, and Feb. 18, 1782, ditto, 22-23; also 
Mary Whipple's caveat against granting Whippleborough Feb. 18, 
1782, ditto, 22:22). Avery also laid claim to i,coo acres in Middlesex 
(the New York Grant, now Randolph), as is shown by his caveat of Oct. 
4, 1782, Vt. [ms.] State Papers, 1:182; and to some interest in Thomlin- 
son (now Grafton), as is shown by his caveat of Feb. 18, 1782, Vt. 
[ms.] State Papers, 22:22. He evidently depended mainly on his claim 
to the first two tracts, covering together 52,000 acres, and from his 
persistent efforts to obtain them or an equivalent came the numerous 
Avery's Gores. His original 52,000 acres granted by New York were 
part of the Lydius tract, or what was known as the Otter Creek Lydius 
tract, to distinguish it from his Wood Creek tract. 

Col. John Henry Lydius, born in Albany, 1694, son of a Dutch 
minister, became a trader with the Indians, a resident of Montreal until 
he was banished therefrom in 1730, afterwards a resident on his Wood 
Creek tract in New York near Fort Edward, and from 1767 a resident 
in England where he died near London in 1791. He obtained a paper 
purporting to be a deed from certain Mohawk Indians of a tract extend- 
ing sixty miles south of the mouth of Otter Creek and to the east twenty- 
four miles. This covered nearly all of what is now Addison County and 
a good part of Rutland County. His "deed" was dated Feb. 1, 1732, 
and is about the only evidence that the Mohawks themselves ever 
counted the land as theirs. Lydius obtained Aug. 31, 1744, f" rom Gov. 
Shirley of Massachusetts a paper purporting to be a confirmation of his 
Indian deed and an absolute conveyance to him of the lands it described 
in fee, "in obedience to His Majesty's special command of the 5 th of 
Oct. last." Hiland Hall thinks there never was any such command; 



APPENDIX 255 

(Early History of Vermont, p. 496). Lydius also received his title of 
Colonel from Gov. Shirley. The claimants to parts of this tract have 
been so numerous that in giving some account of them it is a relief as 
well as somewhat of a surprise to know that Arthur Orton and Dr. 
Kenealy never pretended that any of it belonged to the Tichborne estate. 
About an eighth of it was granted to Mons. Hocquart (to whom curiously 
was due the banishment of Lydius from Montreal) by a French grant in 
1743 or 1745, and Hocquart's tract was sold by him in 1763 to one 
Michel Chartier de Lotbiniere who was making claim of Great Britain 
in 1776 for his "Lordship of Hocquart," which "Lordship of Hocquart" 
was described as lying on the east side of Lake Champlain extending 
four leagues in front and five leagues in depth. It was opposite Crown 
Point and was pretty nearly what is now the southwesterly part of 
Addison County. See Documents Relating to the Colonial Hist, of 
N. Y., 7:642, and 8:577, 670. 

Following the Mohawk-Lydius-Massachusetts claim and the 
French claim, were the New Hampshire grants made in great number on 
this tract. Lydius had made a plan of this tract dividing it into thirty- 
five townships. New York followed, granting a number of townships 
within its limits and a still greater number of military patents here and 
there. Durham (now Clarendon) and Socialborough were within its 
limits. Durham was settled by grantees under the Lydius title who 
obtained a subsequent charter from New York; and it was in Durham 
that the "Bennington mobb" in 1773 erected a "judgment seat" upon 
which Ethan Allen, Seth Warner, Remember Baker, and Robert Coch- 
ran, who had been appointed by " the proprietors of the New Hamp- 
shire grants * * to inspect and set things in order," took their 
places as judges and held such a court as never was before or has been 
since on land or sea. (Hall's Early Hist, of Vt. pp. 169 to 177, and Doc. 
Hist, of N. Y.j Vol. 4.). The object of the expedition was to make the 
settlers recognize the New Hampshire title, not to drive them off the 
lands they had made settlement on or to make them pay exorbitant 
prices in recognition of the New Hampshire title. See Allen's letters to 
the people of Clarendon, Hall's Early History of Vermont, pp. 175-177- 

These Durhamites were holding their lands by the same title Avery 
had to the 52,000 acres claimed by him with the addition that they were 
actual settlers. 

One of Avery's petitions to Vermont, never before in print, is this: 

To his Excellency Thomas Chittenden Esq r Captain General 
and Governor in Chief of the State of Vermont, and the 
Territories depending thereon in America, and the Honorable 
the General Assembly of said State, now Convened and 
Sitting at Windsor within and for said State — 
The Petition of Samuel Avery a friend to this and the United States 
of America — 

Humbly Sheweth 



256 APPENDIX 

That your Petitioners and the Rest concerned with him, Did many- 
years since Purchase a tract of Land (now within this State) of Col. 
John Henry Lydius of Albany, He pretending to have a Title to the 
same, For which we paid a large sum of money. Bounded and Described 
as follows, Beginning at the distance of nineteen miles and fifty Chains 
from the mouth of Otter Creek where it emptieth itself into Lake 
Champlain, On a Course south forty three degrees east, and from the 
said place of Beginning, East eight degrees South Six miies and seventy 
Chains, Then south sixteen degrees west six miles and sixty five Chains, 
Then west twenty seven degrees north six miles, and from thence to the 
place of Beginning, Containing twenty four thousand acres of land and 
the usual allowance for highways, which tract of land we then supposed 
we had obtained a good title to, But unfortunately for us, we found, that 
the Government of New York who then Claimed the Jurisdiction of that 
part of the Country, paid no Regard to Col. Lydius's Title or pretentions 
to that Tract of Land. But was granting the same to any Persons that 
would apply to them and pay them their enormous fees, On which your 
Petitioner supposed himself Reduced to the necessity of Obtaining a 
grant or Confirmation of the land from the Government of New York. 

Accordingly we made application to the State of New York and 
after a Solicitation of about Six years and paying to the Officers of Go\ rt 
about Seven or Eight hundred pounds, besides the Expenses of Sur- 
veying application &c, to the amount of near fifteen hundred pounds, 
we Obtained a grant or Confirmation from that State for the same 
lands, We then supposed we had a good title beyond all dispute. This 
Grant we Obtained from the Gov 1 of New York nearly on the principles 
of equity, having been at so great expense in the purchase from Lydius 
Surveying &c: — But Still unfortunate, Our misfortunes do not end here, 
those Publick Confusions come on, An intire Revolution Takes place. 
This State of Vermont set up Jurisdiction and form a Constitution for 
themselves, by which means our Title is again brought in question and 
all set afloate 

Your Petitioner would beg leave further to observe to your Excel- 
lency and this Honorable Assembly, That the lands before described 
have never been granted by the Government of New Hampshire, or this 
State of Vermont, nor has any Person any Just Challenge or Pretention, 
Except your Petitioner — 

And that your Petitioner is willing to subject himself to any Regula- 
tions or Conditions with Respect to Settlement &c. : To which other 
lands granted by this State are Subjected — 

That your Petitioner has ever been a fast friend to this and the 
united States of America, which he is well able to prove by those on both 
sides of the question and early, and ever, both publickly and privately, 
espoused the Cause of those New Hampshire Grants against the Arbit- 
rary and unjust proceedings of the Gov 1 of New York. 

That your Petitioner has been near Twenty years in the pursuit of 
those Lands, Constantly attending thereto — 



APPENDIX 257 

That your Petitioner was forty days in the Wilderness without 
Shelter in the Survey of those lands and gone throug every dificulty 
Expense and fatigue, till he has nearly expended his whole Interest in 
the pursuit — He now Humbly Conceives he has the highest degree of 
-Justus in his favour. And that the Granting or Confirming those lands 
to your Petitioner Cannot be esteemed or made use of as a president, 
for I presume there is not anothere Claim or pretention to land in this 
state Cloathed with the same Circumstances. 

Your Petitioner therefore Humbly Prays, that your Excellency and 
this Honorable Assembly will at this time be favorably Pleased to grant 
or Confirm to your Petitioner the tract of Land before described, without 
fees. 

And that the same may be created into a Township by the name of 
and Vested with the usual Priviledges Granted to other Town- 
ships within This State — 

And Your Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall 
ever Pray — 

Samuel Avery 

Windsor Feb y 16 th 1781. 

Avery, who in 1781 said he had "been near twenty years in the 
pursuit of those lands, constantly attending thereto," continued eight 
years more in that pursuit before the Vermont legislature in 1789 took the 
action that resulted in the creation of Avery's Gores. In October of 
the last named year he presented the following petition to the legislature 
(see [ms.] Vt. State Papers, 22:193) : 

"To the Honorable the General Assembly now Convened at West- 
minster — 

The Petition of Samuel Avery and Associates Humbly Sheweth 

That at the Session of this Honorable Assembly in the month of 
October 1780 your Petitioners presented a Petition [to this assembly] 
praying for a grant or Confirmation [of a grant of land] therein described, 
which Petition was laid over for a further hearing at an after Session of 
the Assembly — 

That in the February following your Petitioners again prefered 
their Petitions, which were taken up and a Committee appointed, who 
reported that those petitions should have a hearing on the 5 th day of the 
next Session of this Assembly 

That at the Session of this Assembly in February 1782 a Committee 
of both Houses of this Assembly was appointed who took the matter 
of our Petition into Consideration and Reported for us to have a grant 
of the Land described in the Petition which Report was rejected by the 
Assembly and an Additional Committee appointed, which Committee 
again agreed to Report in our favor, but was prevented by an Order for 
an Additional Committee from the Council which Committee after 
again hearing the matter Reported that they Consider it a matter of un- 
certainty whether the Land prayed for had not been already granted 
either by the State of New Hampshire or by this State — Therefore they 



258 APPENDIX 

advise that the Petition should ly till an Actual Survey is made by the 
Surveyor General and that no grants should be made to any other 
Person of any part of the Lands described in our Petition, and those 
Petitions have ever since lain before this Honorable Assembly — which 
suspense has been Greatly to the Prejudice of your Petitioners. 

Your Petitioners would Therefore Humbly Pray That the Honor- 
able Assembly would take [the matter] of their Petitions into Con- 
sideration [and would grant] the Lands described to them if not already 
g[ranted and if] granted already to other Persons, Grant your Petitioners 
Rightious Compensation in other Lands, or in some way, Grant Relief 
to your Petitioners. 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray — 

Samuel Avery 
Westminster Oct r 10 th 
1789 

The original petition above copied is in one place torn and the 
words printed within brackets are supposed to be those missing. 

The committee appointed to consider the foregoing petition reported 
that in their opinion the facts set up in the original petition were true, 
that the lands described had been granted to others and recommended 
that there should be granted to Avery and his associates an equal 
quantity of unlocated lands. 

In Council. Oct. 24, 1789, (Governor & Council, 3:198), it appears 
that: "An Act Granting fifty two Thousand acres of Land to Samuel 
Avery Esq r having passed the General Assembly, was read and con- 
curred, reserving as an Amendment, that the Grants of two Townships, 
one to Governor Marsh and one to Mr. Randall & Company be first 
Located and all other Grants yet unlocated, provided said Locations 
shall be made and returnes thereof to the Governor and Council by the 
15 day June Next — said Avery to have a Gore of Land east of Starks- 
borough which he has liberty to pitch immedeately." 

Pursuant to the above action the following grants were made of 
tracts which with one or two exceptions each went under the name 
of Avery's Gore with some distinguishing addition to designate the 
particular tract referred to. 

I. Avery's Gore in Chittenden County. This consisted, according to 
the statement in the charter, of 5,910 acres west of Fayston, but is 
stated in a table of Avery's patents made by Joseph Fay and found in 
[ms.] Vt. State Papers, 38:47, to have contained but 4,000 acres. This 
table; is without date but was probably made by Fay in 1794, in which 
year he ceased to be Secretary to the Governor and Council and removed 
to New York. This table of the Avery grants includes all of them except 
one of 554 acres made June 28, 1796, noted hereafter; the filing upon 
it is: "List of Locations executed to Saml Avery," and it is as follows: 

Acres 
"One Gore of Land adjoining Fayston 4000 



APPENDIX 259 

one gore lying West of Lewis Orang County 10685 

One Do do west of Kingston 8744 

One do — between Westminster, Athens & Tomlinson 1380 

One gore north of Enosburgh 9723 

One do west of Duncansboro 1 1040 

One do granted Thomas Pearsall 3926 



49508 



52000 
49508 



2492 remains to be satisfied 
True copy from the Several Patents issued to Mr. Avery attest 

Joseph Fay Late Secy to 

the Gov & Council 

State of Vermont — " 

This gore west of Fayston was one of three gores of which Avery 
obtained a charter in one instrument dated January 27, 1791, ante p. 9. 

Part of it was annexed to New Huntington (now Huntington) 
October 22, 1794, pp. 55-57. 

This gore lies beween Bud's Gore and Fayston and is commonly 
mentioned in connection with the former under the name of "Avery's 
and Buel's Gore;" though the two gores, because now so much reduced 
in area, or for some other reason, are together called sometimes "Buel's 
Gore," and sometimes "Avery's Gore." Elias Buel, November 16, 1788, 
(see [ms.j Vt. State Papers, 22:184, anc * post under Buel's Gore and 
Coventry), after he had located his "flying grant" of 1784, petitioned 
to have the land in question given to him and united with his own newly 
acquired gore under the name of Montzoar, but his request was not 
complied with and the land became Avery's. Buel's memory is kept 
green much better by the present arrangement than it would have been 
by the one he wanted. 

2. Avery 's Gore in Addison County. This gore contained 8,744 
acres and was the second one named in the charter of three gores to 
Avery, dated Jan. 27, 1791, ante p. 9. It was bounded north by Lincoln, 
east by Kingston, (now Granville), south by Hancock and west by 
Ripton. Part was annexed to Kingston, (Granville since 1834), in 1833, 
(see Laws of 1833, p. 26); and the remainder was annexed to Lincoln in 
1847, (See Laws of 1847, p. 8). (See State Papers Vt. 1:31). 

3. Avery's Gore in Essex County. This gore of 10,685 acres, still 
existing as chartered, was the third named in the charter of Jan. 27, 
1 791, ante p. 9. When chartered it was within the bounds of Orange 
County as that county was then constituted. This gore lies west of 
Lewis. (See State Papers Vt., 1:31). 

4. Pearsall' 's Gore. This was a gore chartered to Thomas Pearsall 
by a separate charter dated January 27, 1791, ante p 156. It was incor- 



260 APPENDIX 

porated as Bradleyvale in 1803, (Laws, p. 25); and Bradleyvale, which 
never was represented in the General Assembly, was annexed to Concord 
and Victory in 1856, (Laws, p. 91). (See State Papers Vt., 1:31). 

5. Avery's Gore in Franklin County. This gore was chartered to 
Samuel Avery by charter dated Oct. 29, 1791, ante p. 11. It contained 
9,723 acres and was in Chittenden County when chartered. The 
annexation of part to Montgomery was authorized in 1858, and became 
effective, (Laws, p. 50); and provision was made for establishing the line 
between it and Belvidere, in 1866, (Laws, p. 75); Laws of 1896:92, 
Part annexed to Belvidere. According to the Grand List of 1894 it now 
contains 7,305 acres. (See State Papers Vt., 1:31). 

6. Avery's Gore, in Windham County. This was a tract of 1,380 
acres of land described in a resolution of the General Assembly passed 
Nov. 3, 1 79 1, as "lying between Thomlinson [name in 1792 changed 
to Grafton] and Athens." This resolution directed the Governor to 
issue a charter to Samuel Avery pursuant to a grant made to him in 
Oct. 1789. No charter of this tract is found recorded but it was for 
a quarter of a century referred to in legislation as Avery's Gore, and it is 
not only included in Fay's list ([ms.] Vt. State Papers, 38 147), but Avery 
in a petition dated Sept. 19, 1799, ([ms.] Vt. State Papers, 20:297), states 
that "on the 29 th day of October 1791 he obtained a grant under the 
great seal of the State of thirteen hundred and eighty acres of Land lying 
south of the town of Grafton and in width north and south 115 rods and 
in length east and west the whole length of the south line of Grafton. " 
Avery, who in a petition dated Oct. 17, 1791, ([ms.] Vt. State Papers, 
18:289), described himself as one who "from his many misfortunes with 
which Divine Providence has been pleased to Visit him is left in low 
Circumstances with a large family to support, " seems to have undergone 
the last suffering with which Vermont records credit him, in respect of 
this 1,380 acre grant. In his petition of 1799, referred to, he tells how 
"one Amos Hale of a place called Johnson's Gore," entered and took 
possession of his 1,380 acre tract, how he sued Hale and how he was 
cast in the suit, and asks that the legislature provide that he be given 
a new trial. This petition was served on Hale but was dismissed by 
the General Assembly Oct. 19, 1799, and to add insult to injury Samuel 
Crafts, Clerk, certifies that in General Assembly Nov. 4, 1799, the bill 
of costs was legally taxed at #6.25, {$1.75 being for 35 miles travel and 
$4.50 for 9 days' attendance). This taxation of the petitionee's costs 
came in a good year for Mr. Avery though, because he was awarded 
April 23, 1799, the sum of $2,655 of the $30,000 paid by Vermont to 
New York, upon distribution of that $30,000 among claimants by the 
New York commissioners. In H. Hall's Early History of Vermont, p. 
507, it appears that Avery's $2,655 was awarded on this state of facts: 
"One of Avery's claims was founded on a patent issued to him and 
twenty-three associates for 24,000 acres, bearing date Aug. 16, 1774. On 
the 17 th and 18 th of the same month these twenty-three associates con- 
veyed their shares to him. Another claim was for 28,000 acres, patented 



APPENDIX 26l 

to Humphrey Avery and twenty-seven others, in Sept., 1774, all of whom 
on the 29 th of that month conveyed their titles to him, thus vesting in 
him the whole 52,000 acres, and showing very clearly that the grants 
were made for his sole benefit. These two tracts adjoined each other 
and were in the easterly part of the present county of Addison. These 
with a claim for 200 acres in Durham and 1,000 in another town [prob- 
ably the New York Middlesex, now Randolph], of which Samuel Aver}-" 
was a grantee, [or purchaser from a grantee, see [ms.] Vermont State 
Papers, 21:181], made up the 53,200 acres for which he was allowed the 
sum of $2,655.03. These grants were made by Lt. Gov. Colden. Avery 
continued his applications for them for some months into the revolu- 
tionary period and on the 28 th of October, 1775, obtained a patent for 
40,000 acres [the Whippleborough grant] from Gov. Tryon, after he had 
fled for safety on board a British man-of-war lying in New York harbor. 
The land was situated in the vicinity of his former grants, but his claim 
for it was disallowed by the commissioners, for the reason that it was 
made after the date which had been prescribed in the New York consti- 
tution, as the time when the colonial grants should cease to be valid." 

It might be interesting to compare Avery's proofs before the New 
York commissioners with his statements in his petitions to the General 
Assembly of Vermont. 

Part of Avery's Gore in Windham County was annexed to Athens 
in 1815, (Laws, p. 167); and the remainder was annexed to Grafton in 
1816, (Laws, p. 40). (See State Papers Vt. 1:32). 

7. Avery's Grant, a tract of 11,040 acres now constituting the 
north part of the town of Troy. Its charter to Avery did not issue 
until Dec. 28, 1792, but was dated Oct. 27, 1792, because of an attach- 
ment on this tract made by Ira Allen who had sued the State of Vermont 
in the United States Court. See Avery's Grant, post; and also [ms.] 
letter of Avery to Joseph Fay, Dec. 19, 1792, [ms.] Vermont State Papers, 
24:61. (See State Papers Vt. 1:32). 

8. A tract of 554 acres for which Samuel Avery received a charter 
dated June 28, 1796, ante p. 12. This tract was a narrow strip of land 
between Huntsburgh, (now Franklin) and Sheldon. It is not referred 
to in legislation but probably took its place within town lines by reason 
of an act establishing the line between Huntsburgh and Sheldon, passed 
Nov. 5,1810, (Laws, p. 160). (See State Papers Vt., 1:32). 

This last charter of 554 acres left, according to Mr. Fay's list, yet to 
be granted to him to make up his 52,000 acres, 1,938 acres more, but Mr. 
Fay called Avery's Gore adjoining Fayston but 4,000 acres while its 
charter described it as 5,910 acres. Upon this last basis Avery had re- 
ceived within 28 acres of the required 52,000 acres, and no doubt the 
state "called it even" when the 554 acre charter issued. 



AVERY'S GRANT. — A tract of land now constituting the north 
part of the town of Troy in Orleans County, containing 11,040 acres 
of land, granted to Samuel Avery of Westminster by a charter signed 



262 APPENDIX 

by Gov. Chittenden Oct. 27, 1792, which issued from the Secretary of 
State's office Dec. 28, 1792, ante p. 13, and was in further and part 
execution of a grant to Avery of 52,000 acres voted by the General 
Assembly and concurred in by the Governor and Council, Oct. 29, 1789. 
Avery's Grant and Kelly's Grant (the latter containing 12,000 acres) 
were incorporated into the township of Missisquoi, (Missiskouie as then 
spelled), Oct. 28, 1801, and the name of the town was changed to Troy 
Oct. 26, 1803. 

Governor and Council, 3:198; Laws of 1801, p. 78; 1803, p. 6; 
State Papers Vt., 1:32. See Avery's Gores, ante. 



BAKERSFIELD. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant of 
10,000 acres to Luke Knoulton, Jan. 25, 1791, ante, p. 14, in accordance 
with a joint resolution passed Feb. 28, 1787, ([ms.] Vermont State 
Papers 30:114). In a committee's report, Oct. 28, 1789, found in [ms.] 
Vermont State Papers, 30:1 14, it is referred to as a "Gore of land marked 
Knowlton in the Plan or Map of this State." While named Bakersfield 
in the charter it was called until 1792, Bakersfield, alias Knoulton's 
Gore. Part of Fairfield and Smithfield annexed to, Oct. 25, 1792, 
(Laws, p. 5), and the tract so formed "incorporated into one entire 
town," to be called Bakersfield, by the same act. Knight's Gore was 
annexed Oct. 31, 1798, (Laws, p. 40), and part of Bakersfield was 
annexed to Enosburgh by the same act. Part of Coit's Gore was an- 
nexed Oct. 26, 1799, (Laws, p. 16). Part of Bakersfield with remainder 
of Coit's Gore and part of Belvidere incorporated as Waterville, (Laws 
of 1824, p. 14). Line with Fairfield established, (Laws of 1817, p. 33); 
line with Enosburgh, (Laws of 1845, p. 5); and line with Belvidere, 
(Laws of 1866, p. 275). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:103; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 63. Thompson's Gazetteer and 
others under title "Bakersfield." Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, 
p. yj; State Papers Vt., 1:33. 



BALTIMORE. — Town in Windsor County. Incorporated out of 
part of Cavendish, (Laws of 1793, p. 6), but by this act it was not 
allowed a representative in the legislature and was not represented until 
1824. Journal of the General Assembly, 1823, pp. 51-53. Line with 
Cavendish was established, (Laws of 1841, p. 58). 

Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 80; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 22; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 7; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. JJ; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 738; State Papers Vt., 1:33. 



APPENDIX 263 

BAMF. — New York grant of 30,000 acres to Thomas Clark & Co. 
by Lt. Gov. Colden, Dec. 24, 1774. I* covered lands in Burke and 
vicinity, (Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157). Marked 
"Thos. Clark & Co." on map preceding Index to Vol. 1, Documentary 
History of New York. Bamf must have included Billymead now 
Sutton, ([ms.] Vermont State Papers, 18:80). 



BARNARD. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
as Bernard, of 26,000 acres to William Story, Francis Bernard and sixty 
associates, July 17, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:20.) 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 82; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 22; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 7; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 78; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 739; State Papers Vt., 1:33. 

See also Thompson's Gazetteer of 1824, where it is stated that:" In 
1774, the first permanent settlement was made by Asa and Lot Whit- 
comb, Thomas W. White and others, emigrants from Massachusetts 
and Connecticut. At the time of the Battle of Bunker's hill, (properly 
Breed's hill,) which took place on the 17 th of July, 1775, the firing was 
distinctly heard in this town by Thomas Freeman and others, a distance 
of more than 100 miles. On the 9 th of August 1780, this town was 
visited by a party of 21 Indians, who made prisoners of Thomas M. 
Wright, Prince Haskell and John Newton, and carried them to Canada. 
Newton and W T right made their escape the spring following, and Haskell 
was exchanged the succeeding fall. They suffered many hardships while 
prisoners and on their return, but they all arrived safely at Barnard, and 
are now all living upon the farms from which they were taken. They 
were all prisoners in Canada at the time Royalton was burnt and were 
not then taken as has been stated in the narrative of that event." 
The author of the foregoing paragraphs from the earlier edition of 
Thompson, signs his article by the initials A. W. He gets Bunker Hill 
moved forward a month and his "more than 100 miles" is very nearly 
130 miles as the sound would have to go but the writer knows that 
the tradition of Bunker Hill battle having been heard on Barnard 
hills has been common in the towns in the vicinity of W^hite River 
valley, and as distinct as that the people of Montpelier gathered on 
the hill in Berlin opposite the capitol, and listened to the guns of the 
battle of Lake Champlain in September, 1814. 



BARNET. — Town in Caledonia County. New Hampshire grant 
as Barnett of 23,040 acres to Simons Stevens and sixty-six associates, 
Sept. 16, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:24). 



264 APPENDIX 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:271; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 133; Hayward's Vermont Gazet- 
teer, 1849, p. 23; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 8; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 79; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, 1S60, p. 739; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 75; Land 
Records, p. 548; State Papers Vt., 1:33; Crockett's History of Vermont, 
192 1, 1:249. 



BARRE, CITY OF. — City in Washington County. Incorporated 
out of part of the town of Barre, (Laws of 1894, 144 to 176; 1896, p. 104, 
105; 1902, pp. 278-320). Organized Mar. 5, 1895. The territory in- 
cluded within the city limits is 2535 acres. Barre memorial, 1888; 
Granite City, W. H. Jeffrey, 1903. 

See Barre, Town of. 

BARRE, TOWN OF.— Town in Washington County. Vermont 
grant of 23,040 acres to Col. William Williams and sixty-four associates 
by the name of Wildersburgh Aug 12, 1781, antep 223. Because "the name 
of the township has ever sounded uncouthly to the inhabitants and 
settlers and is also disagreeable on account of its length," ([ms.] Vermont 
State Papers, 29:61), the legislature changed the name of the town to 
Barre, Oct. 19, 1793, (Laws, p. 5). Boundaries of Barre established, 
(Laws of 1799, p. 17; 1801, p. 88; 1802, p. 48). Part incorporated as the 
City of Barre, (Laws of 1894, 144 to 176; 1896, p. 104, 105; 1902, pp. 
278-320). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:23; Child's Washing- 
ton Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 129; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 24; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 9; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 80; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 740; Barre Memorial, 1888. Nickerson & Cox's 
Historical Souvenir of Barre, 1894; State Papers Vt., 1:34, 164. 
See Nezvbrook, (New York grant), post. 



BARTON. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant to Col. 
William Barton and Company, sixty-five in number, of a township of 
land by the name of Providence by act of Oct. 23, 1781 — Providence, 
R. L, being the residence of Col. Barton. A charter was not issued 
until Oct. 20, 1789, and then to Col. Barton and twenty-eight associates 
of a township by the name of Barton, ante p. 15. (Governor and Council, 
2:122; part of Sheffield was annexed, (Laws of 1858, p. 51). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:71; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 200; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 



APPENDIX 265 

1849, p. 25; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 12; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 81; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 742; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 91; 
Land Records, p. 518; State Papers Vt., 1:34. 



BELL ISLAND. — In Lake Memphremagog; annexed to Derby 
and Auditor of Accounts authorized to sell, (Laws of 1865, p. 244). 



BELVIDERE. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant of 
30,100 acres to John Kelly of the City of New York, Nov. 4, 1791, ante 
p. 17. Part of, with Coit's Gore and part of Bakersneld, incorporated 
as Waterville, (Laws of 1824, p. 17). Part annexed to Eden, (Laws of 
1828, p. 15); this act was repealed, (Laws of 183 1, p. 12), and the line 
with Eden established according to the original charter limits. Pro- 
vision for establishing line with Bakersneld, (Laws of 1866, p. 275). 
Laws of 1896:92. Part annexed from Avery's gore. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:592; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 61; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 25; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 13; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 82; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 742; State Papers Vt., 1:35. 



BENNINGTON. — Town in Bennington County. New Hamp- 
shire grant of 23,040 acres to William Williams and sixty-two associates, 
Jan. 3, 1749, (State Papers N. H., 26:29). Vermont post office estab- 
lished March 9, 1787, (Laws, p. 116); this act was repealed Nov. 10, 
1797, (R. 1797, Repeals). Line with Pownal established, (Laws of 
1800, p. 85). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:138, and 5: Part III; 
Child's Bennington Co. Gazetteer, p. 80; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 26; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 13; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 82; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 742; Jenning's Memorials of a Century, 
1869; Centennial History, by F. W. Coburn; sketches of Historic Ben- 
nington by John V. D. S & Caroline Merrill, 1898; State Papers Vt., 
1:35; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1: 176-180,205. 

The town of Bennington was the first of the New Hampshire grants 
to the west of the Green Mountains to be settled under the New Hamp- 
shire charters. The literature pertaining to it and its battle is too 
voluminous to be cited in detail. Lossing, Hiland Hall, B. F. Hall, and 



266 APPENDIX 

other historians have much concerning it, while James Davie Butler's 
address and G. F. Houghton's address in 1848, President S. C. Bart- 
lett's oration at the 1877 centennial, and Hon. E. J. Phelps's oration at 
the dedication of the monument in 1891, should be specially named. 
The fourth volume of the Documentary History of New York has much 
interesting reading as to the doings of the "Bennington mobb, " and 
after the revolution began Ethan Allen and others of the "mobb" were 
in evidence at the capture of Ticonderoga, and Seth Warner and others 
at the Battle of Bennington from which Allen was absent being still a 
captive in the hands of the British. 

Bennington by its name perpetuates the memory of New Hamp- 
shire's governor, Benning Wentworth, and by its battle (fought on 
New York soil because Stark did not wait for, but went forward to meet, 
the Hessians) gave bluff and plain and brave John Stark and his em- 
battled New Hampshire farmers a fame, than which from all war there 
is none more lasting and real or with more dramatic setting. Vermont 
men, Massachusetts men, and New York men were there to help in the 
danger and share in the victory, but Stark commanded and his main 
army consisted of his officers and 1,332 enlisted men who had'hurried 
across the Connecticut valley and the Green Mountains to aid those 
inhabitants of the New Hampshire Grants whom Burgoyne described as 
the most rebellious and warlike race on the continent hanging like a 
gathering cloud on his left. 

Bennington was the first New Hampshire grant. Its first settle- 
ment is generally stated to have been in June, 1761; but the following 
extract from the Vermont Gazette of July 12, 1825, published in Ben- 
nington by Darius Clark, gives a somewhat earlier date: 

"Olden Times. — The following article of intelligence we copy from 
an old periodical work published at Boston in 1791: 

'Vermont.' 

'Col. Samuel Robinson informs us that the 25th day of March, 
1791, completed 30 years since the first stroke was struck by him towards 
clearing the first piece of land ever cultivated in Bennington; on the same 
day the Col. informs, he brought the first woman into Bennington that 
ever became a resident in it. The Col. has lived to see this town con- 
tain more than 4,000 inhabitants; and the year before last, by actual 
return, they made 26,000 yds. of cloth from flax of their own raising.'" 

At the semi-centennial celebration of the Battle of Bennington held 
the 16th of August, 1827, according to the Vermont Gazette of Aug. 
21, 1827, the first toast was" The Day;" and the second was:" General 
Stark. — His life was a practical comment upon his farewell sentiment 
to Green Mountain boys. — 'Live free or die, death is not the worst 
of evils'." Another toast on the same occasion was:" The famous town of 
Bennington. — May the virtue of its inhabitants in 1827 be equal to the 
bravery of their fathers and brethen in 1777." 

The second newspaper, (the Vermont Gazette,) printed in Vermont 
was begun in Bennington by Anthony Haswell in June, 1783; and in 



APPENDIX 267 

its files and those of its successors, most of which are to be found in the 
Vermont State Library, are to be found many items of value relative to 
the historv of this most famous Vermont town. 



BENSOX. — Town in Rutland County. Vermont grant to James 
Meacham, James Blair, and associates, May 5, 1780, ante p. 18. A 
New York grant of 5,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to \V m . Farquahar 
Sept. 8, 1770, covered lands now in Benson. 

Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155; Hemenway's Ver- 
mont Historical Gazetteer, 3:405; Child's Rutland Co. Gazetteer, 1882, 
p. 75; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 27; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 21; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 
83; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 747; 
State Papers Vt., 1:36. 



BENTON'S GORE. — About 5,000 acres of land in Windsor 
County granted by Vermont Oct. 25, 178 1, to Samuel Benton and 
twenty-three associates, ante p. 20. By the charter it was constituted a 
part of the town of Andover. It became a part of Weston when that 
town was incorporated Oct. 26, 1799. 

Laws of 1799, p. 14; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 22; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 251; State Papers Vt., 
1:36. 

See Virgin Hall, (New York grant), post. 



BERKSHIRE. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant to 
William Goodrich and sixty associates, June 22, 1781, ante, p. 21. Line 
with Richford established and sale of a gore of land (Enosburgh Gore) 
between Berkshire and Enosburgh, Montgomery, and Richford, directed, 
(Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160). So much of the law of 1802, as directed 
sale of a gore of land between Berkshire and Richford, was repealed, 
(Laws of 1803, p. 60). Line with Enosburgh altered and part of Enos- 
burgh annexed, and part of Berkshire annexed to Enosburgh, (Laws of 
1838, p. 14). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:109; Child's 
Franklin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 72; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 27; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 22; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 84; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 748. State Papers Vt., 1 136. 



268 APPENDIX 

BERLIN. — Town in Washington County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Rev. Dr. Chauncy Graham and sixty-three associates, 
June 8, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:35.) P art to Montpelier, (Laws of 
1898, p. 118). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:53; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 185; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 28; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 22; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 85; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, i860, p. 749; State Papers Vt., 1 137. 



BESSBOROUGH.— New York grant of 36,000 acres by Lt. Gov 
Colden, March 20, 1770. It embraced what is now St. Johnsbury 
and vicinity. Vermont Historical Society Collections 1:154. 



BETHEL. — Town in Windsor County. Vermont grant of 23,060 
acres to John Payne, John House, and forty-five associates; the grant was 
voted October 27, 1779, and the charter issued Dec. 23, 1779, ante p. 23. 
Line with Rochester established, (Laws of 1821, p. 213). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 88; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 24; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 28; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 86; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 749; Thompson's Gazetteer, 1824, 
p. 64; Illustrated Historical souvenir, F. G. Cox, 1895; State Papers 
Vt., 1:37. 

Bethel was the first town granted and chartered by Vermont. Its 
settlement began in 1780. 



BILLYMEAD. — Now Sutton, Caledonia County. Vermont grant 
of 23,040 acres to Jonathan Arnold and twelve associates, Feb. 26, 
1782, ante p. 24. Billymead was claimed by the proprietors of Bamf 
(New York grant); ([ms.] Vermont State Papers, 18:80.) Name 
changed to Sutton, (Laws of 1812, p. 16). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 25; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 227; State Papers Vt., 1 138. 

See Sutton. 



BLACK ISLAND. — In Lake Memphremagog; annexed to Derby 
and Auditor of Accounts authorized to sell, (Laws of 1865, p. 244). 



APPENDIX 269 

BLAKE'S GORE. — Vermont grant of a tract of land between 
Sharon and Strafford to Timothy Blake and fourteen associates, June 
18, 1785, ante p. 27. Set by charter to Strafford. 



BLOOMFIELD. — Town in Essex County. New Hampshire grant 
as Minehead, of 23,040 acres to Rev. Noah Waddams and sixty-three 
associates, June 29, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:39). Name changed 
to Bloomfield (Laws of 1830, p. 26). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 :95o; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 389; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 25; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 29; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, 87; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 750; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 95-6; 
Land Records, pp. 68-100,600; State Papers Vt., 1:38. 



BOLTON. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to George Bunnell and sixty-five associates, June 7, 
1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:43). Part annexed to Richmond, (Laws 
of 1804, p. 26). Part of Huntington annexed, (Laws of 1794, pp. 55-57; 
1808, p. 135). Part annexed to Waterbury, (Laws of 185 1, p. 64). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer. 1 : 480; Child's Chit- 
tenden County Gazetteer, 1883, p. 86; Rann's History of Chittenden 
County, 1886, p. 384; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 25; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 29; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 88; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 751; State Papers Vt., 1:38. 



BRADFORD. — Town in Orange County. New York grant as 
Mooretown of 25,000 acres to William Smith by Lt. Gov. Colden. 
May 3 T 1770, (Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154; H. Hall's 
Early History of Vermont, pp. 92-94). Name changed to Bradford, 
Oct. 23, 1788, (Laws, p. 9). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:807; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 161 ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 25; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 29; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 89; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 751; McKeen's History of Bradford, 1875; Address of 
Col. J. H. Benton, Jr., July 4, 1895, at dedication of library; State 
Papers Vt., 1 139; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1 1224. 



27O APPENDIX 

BRADLEYVALE.— Incorporated out of Pearsall's Gore "with 
all the rights, privileges and immunities enjoyed by other towns in 
this state; except so far as may relate to the right of representation," 
Oct. 29, 1803, (Laws, p. 25.) The town was never represented in the 
legislature, and was annexed to Concord and Victory, (Laws of 1856, p. 

9 i). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 26; Hayward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 30; Deming's Vermont Officers, 185 1, 
p. 128; State Papers Vt., 1:40. 



BRAINTREE. — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Jacob Spear, Levi Davis, and sixty-three associates, 
Aug. 1, 1781, ante p. 28. Part annexed to Rochester, (Laws of 1824, p. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:844, ( an interesting 
historical sketch by Miss Miriam M. Nichols); Child's Orange Co. 
Gazetteer, 1888, p. 198; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 27; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 30; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 191 8, p. 90; Coolidgeand Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 752; Braintree Centennial, 1781-1881; History, by H. Royce 
Bass, 1883; State Papers Vt., 1:40. 



BRANDON. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant 
as Neshobe, of 23,000 acres to Josiah Powers and sixty-five associates, 
Oct. 20, 1 761, (State Papers N. H., 26:47). Name changed to Brandon, 
Oct. 20, 1784. Part annexed to Philadelphia for school purposes, 
(Laws of 18 1 2, p. 158). This law repealed if towns so vote (Laws 
of 1854, p. 60). Part annexed to Goshen (Laws of 1854, p. 59). 
Annexation of part of Pittsford to Brandon and part of Brandon to 
Pittsford (Laws of 1854, p. .57). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:428; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazeteer, 1882, p. 84; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 27; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 3 1 ; Deming's Ver- 
mont Officers, 1918, p. 91; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 753; State Papers Vt., 1:40; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:239. 

See Halesborough, (New York grant), post. 



BRATTLEBORO.— Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 19,360 acres to William Brattle and fifty associates, Dec. 26, 
1753; charter renewed June 11, 1760, and July 6, 1761, (State Papers 



APPENDIX 271 

N. H., 26:51-8). New Hampshire charter of Dec. 26, 1753, was con- 
firmed by New York grant of 19,500 acres, July 22,1766, (Vermont 
Historical Society Collections 1:154). Vermont postoffice established, 
March 9, 17S7, (Laws, p. 116); repealed, Nov. 10, 1797 (R. 1797, Re- 
peals). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 5:17; Child's Windham 
Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 82; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 28; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 32; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 92; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 755; Early History, by Henry Burnham; B. H. Hall's 
History of Eastern Vermont, passim; State Papers Vt., 1:40. 

Thompson (in his 1824 edition) says: — "The first civilized estab- 
lishment in Vermont was made in the south-east part of this town in 
1724, and was called 'Fort Dummer;" a lso "Col. John Sergeant was the 
first known white person born in the State of Vermont. " Fort Dummer 
was at least the first white settlement in Vermont east of the Green 
Mountains, unless it be that in Vernon which was in part included in 
Northfield, Mass., some of the settlers in the seventeenth century had 
their farms north of the present Vermont line. Conant in his History 
of Vermont gives Vernon as first settled. 



BRIDGEWATER. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire 
grant of 28,000 acres to Seth and Rufus Field and fifty-nine associates, 
July 10, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:58). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 95; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 30; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 33; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 93; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 757; State Papers Vt., 1:41. 



BRIDPORT. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant 
of 25,500 acres to Ebenezer Wiswall and sixty-three associates, Oct. 
9, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:62). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:16; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. J^; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 3 1 ; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1848, p. 33 ; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 191 8, p. 94; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 758; State Papers Vt., 141; Crockett's History of Vermont, 
1921, 1:233. 



BRIGHTON. — Town in Essex County. Vermont grant to 
Col. Joseph Nightingale and sixty-four associates, as Random, Aug. 13, 
1781, ante p. 146. Name changed to Brighton Nov. 3, 1832, (Laws, p. 24). 



272 APPENDIX 



Part of Wenlock annexed and part of Brighton annexed to Ferdinand, 
(Laws of 1853, p. 57). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:952; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 397; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 33; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849. p. 35; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918. p. 94; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, i860, p. 761; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 88; Land 
Records, pp. 102-124, 579-80. State Papers Vt., 1:41. 



BRISTOL. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant as 
Pocock, of 23,600 acres, to Samuel Averill and sixty-three associates, 
June 26, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:66). Name changed to Bristol, 
Oct. 21, 1789, (Laws, p. 2). Part annexed to Lincoln, (Laws of 1824, p. 
17.); Part of Ripton annexed, (Laws 1912^.339). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:19; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 81; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 34; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 35; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 95; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 762; State Papers Vt., 41, 1 :I20. 



BROOKFIELD. — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Phinehas Lyman and sixty-four associates, Aug. 5, 
1781, ante p. 30. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:854; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 212; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 34; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 36; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 96; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i'86o, p. 763; Centennial of Brookfield Library, 1891; State 
Papers Vt., 1:42. 



BROOKLINE. — Town in Windham County. Incorporated out 
of Putney and Athens Nov. 30, 1794, (Laws, pp. 124-6), but was not 
allowed a representative in the General Assembly until 1823, when the 
General Assembly determined that the constitutional provision giving 
each town representation was more potent than any attempted legis- 
lative restriction of the right; Vermont Assembly Journal, 1823, p. 52. 
Part of Putney annexed, (Laws of 1804, p. 20). Part to Athens, (Laws 



APPENDIX 273 

of 1 8 13, p. 124). Part of Newfane annexed (Laws of 1820, p. 41). 
Brookline-Westminster Town Line survey recorded in Town Business 
Putney, 2:443,1829. 

Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 159; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 35; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer. 1849, 
p. 36; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 97; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 763; [ms.] Chandler's Atlas and Land 
Records, 91; 435,518; State Papers Vt., 1:42. 



BROWNINGTON.— Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant 
of two tracts of 16,750 and 3,095 acres to Timothy and Daniel Brown 
and sixty-four associates, Oct. 2, 1790, ante p. 32. The smaller of the 
two tracts, (called Brownington Gore), annexed to Caldersburg, (now 
Morgan), (Laws of 1801, p. 82). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:90; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 213; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 36; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1847, p. 37; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 97; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 764; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 91; 
Land Records, pp. 435,518; State Papers Vt., 1:42. 

BROWNINGTON GORE.— Tract of 3,095 acres granted as a part 
of Brownington and annexed to Caldersburgh ( now Morgan) in 1801; 
(laws p. 82) and also Brownington, ante. 



BRUMLEY OR BROMLEY.— Now Peru, (which see). New 
Hampshire grant as Brumley of 23,040 acres to William Sumner and 
sixty-five associates, Oct. 13, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:339). Name 
changed to Peru, Feb. 3, 1804, (Laws, p. 34). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 34; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 187; State Papers Vt., 1:43. 



BRUNSWICK. — Town in Essex County. New Hampshire grant 
of 25,000 acres to Stephen Noble and sixty-three associates, Oct. 13, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:71). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:960; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 413; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 36; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 



274 APPENDIX 

p. 37; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 98; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 764; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 62; 
Land Records, pp. 34-66, 565-6; State Papers Vt., 1:43. 



BUEL'S GORE. — A tract of land in Chittenden County. Vermont 
grant of 4,273 acres as a part of Coventry to Major Elias Buel and 
fifty-nine associates, Nov. 4, 1780, ante p. 47. Part annexed to New 
Huntington, (now Huntington), (Laws of 1794, PP- 55 _ 57)- 

Child's Chittenden Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 93; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 36; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1851, p. 
132; State Papers Vt., 1:44. 

Coventry was granted in 1780 to be situate about on the line of 
Rutland and Addison counties but it was found its site was already 
taken, and in 1784 Capt. Elias Buel obtained that "flying grant" by 
which, in 1788, he obtained a charter of what is now Coventry, in 
Orleans County, and of Buel's Gore in Chittenden County. The 
Coventry charter was not issued or the land under it surveyed till 
1788, but its charter was dated back to Nov. 4, 1780. This charter so 
dated refers, in stating the bounds, to trees marked in September, 
1788, and some of the sketches of Coventry change the dates of the 
marking of the trees back to September, 1780, to fit the date of the 
charter. The trees were marked in September, 1788, and are rightly 
referred to in the charter as so marked and the discrepancy occurs by 
dating the charter back to the year the grant was originally made to 
Buel. 

Buel's petition of Nov. 16, 1788, found in [ms.] Vermont State 
Papers, relates his difficulties with his "flying grant." It is as follows: 

"To the Honl General Assembly of the Stat of Vermont To be 
Convened at Westminster on the 2 nd Thursday of Oct r next. 

The Petition of Elias Buell of Coventry, in the State of Connecti- 
cut Unto Your Hon rs Humbly Sheweth — That in 1780 your Pt r with his 
associates to the number of sixty Prefered their Pt n for a township of 
Lands, in this state & by advice of gent n Referd to in this State, Located 
the same Between the townships of Hubardston, Benson, Sudbury 
Orwell and Whiting Then supposed to be Vacant Lands for a full 
Township, and that in Oct r 1780 Your Pt r Obtained a grant of s d Lands 
at £10 p r Right, and Immediately thereon Paid the granting fees then 
Required in solid Coin. — That some years after it was found by 
ascertaining the Surveys of s d adjoining Towns that the Same Covered 
the W T hole of s d Lands, Whereupon your Pet r in Oct r 1784 Prefered his 
Pt D to the Hon 1 Assembly Stating s d facts & Praying for an Equivolent in 
any of Unlocated Lands in this State, and Obtained a flying Grant for an 
Equivalent, and that Due Regard Should be had to the quantity, quality, 
Situation & Time of the former Grant (as by files & Records may appear) 



APPENDIX 275 

That your Hon rs Pt r notwithstanding his Indefatigable and Expensive 
Persuits for more than Eight years hath never been able to Locate and 
Obtain a Charter of s d Lands, Untill Oct r 1788 and that the Lands 
now Obtained are in three Diferent Parts, and Mostly in the North- 
erly Extreams of this State, and are but Equal in quantity, (not in 
quality & situation) With Lands first Granted, that your Pt r as a 
Part of s d grant Hath a gore of about 4000 acres Laying East of Starks- 
burrough about Eight miles & Ya i-n Length, & about One Mile in width 
on the North (adjoining on New Huntington and Terminating in a 
Point at the South & is mostly Broken and mountainous, that it is In- 
viron'd by an Inacsesable Ridge of Mountains on the Starksbury East 
Line and by Its situation no ways Convenient to be annexed to New 
Huntington, that on the East adjoining s d Gore their is about four 
Thousand acres of Vacant Lands Laying on the hight & Range of the 
Green Mountains & adjoin on Fayston Chiefly mountainous, but Inters- 
persed with valeys Capable of Improvement, Which if annexed to the 
Lands granted to your Pt r might make a small Cororate District — 
Whereupon your Petitioner Prays your Hon rs to Grant him s d vacant 
Lands Described as Some Compensation for his Losses & Disapoint- 
ments on his Paying the Charter fees or on such moderate Granting fees 
as y r Hon 3 shall think Just and the Same Incorporate with the gore all- 
erady granted y r Pet r by the name of Montzoar and your Hon 1 " 3 Pet r 
further Prays (that your Hon r3 Considering the Long & accumulated 
Disapointments Losses Troubles and Expense sustained by y r Pet r 
associates) that your Hon 1 " 3 Would grant your Pet r and associates 
Such Parts & Peaces, of Vacant & unlocated Lands in this State as 
may still be found ungranted (not less than 10000 acres nor Exceeding 
40000 acres, on such Granting fees & under such Regulations and 
Restrictions as your Hon r9 in your wisdom shall think fit and y r Pet r in 
Duty Bound shall Ever 

Pray 
Dated at Rutland Elias Buell 

Nov r 16 th 1788" 



BURKE. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant as Burk 
of 23,040 acres to Justus Rose, Capt. Uriah Seymour, and sixty-three 
associates, Feb. 20, 1782, ante p. 34. Part known as Burke Tongue 
annexed to Hopkinsville and the whole incorporated into a town by the 
name of Kirby, (Laws of 1807, p. 71). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:302; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 151; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 36; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 37; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 99; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, i860, p. 765; [msj Chandler's Land Records, pp. 
435> 533-4; State Papers Vt., 1:44. 

See Bamf, (New York grant), ante. 



276 APPENDIX 

BURKE TONGUE.— See Burke. Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 37. 



BURLINGTON.— City in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Samuel Willis, John Willis, 3d, and sixty- 
four associates, June 7, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:75). P art in - 
corporated into town of Wiiliston Oct. 27, 1794, (Laws p. 55). Part 
annexed to Wiiliston and line between the two established, (Laws of 
1797, p. 66). Division of Burlington into city of Burlington and town of 
South Burlington authorized, (Laws of 1852, pp. 85-96). 1864, p. 107; 
1865, p. 191; 1872, p. 543; 1896, p. 116; 1906, p. 282; 1915, p. 384). 
Burlington City organized February 21, 1865. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 ^87; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 94; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 1886, 
p. 392; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 37; Hay- 
ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 37; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 99; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, 
p. 765; Burlington by Chas. E. Allen; Burlington and Thereabout, 1890; 
Auld's Picturesque Burlington, 1893; Larger Burlington, 1895; Burling- 
ton by Chas. S. Lord, 1900; State Papers Vt., 1:44; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1921, 1:242. 

See Deer field, (New York grant), post. 



CABOT. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Jesse Levingsworth and sixty-five associates, Aug. 17, 
1781, ante p. 36. Town annexed to Washington County, (Laws of 1855, 
pp. 68-70). ■ Part annexed to Danville, (Laws of 1834, p. 28). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:74; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 201; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 40; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 39; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 100; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 769; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 4,5; 
Land Records, pp. 609,610; State Papers Vt., 1:46. 

See Sidney, (New York grant), post. 



CALAIS. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Col. Jacob Davis, Stephen Fay and fifty-eight 
associates, Aug. 15, 1781, ante p. 37. 



APPENDIX 277 



Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:128; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 222; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 41; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 39; 
Treatise on the Town of Calais, R. D. Waters, 1852; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 101; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New Eng- 
land, i860, p. 770; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 13; Land Records, p. 536; 
State Papers Vt., 1 147. 

See Penryn, (New York grant), post. 



CALDERSBURGH. — Vermont grant of 23,040 acres to Col. Jede- 
diah Elderkin and sixty-three associates Nov. 6, 1780, ante p. 39. Brown- 
ington's and Whitelaw's Gores annexed, east part annexed to Wenlock, 
and name changed to Morgan Oct. 19, 1801, (Laws p. 82); [ms.] Chand- 
ler, — Atlas, pp. 56-7; Land Records, pp. 553-4; State Papers Vt., 147. 



CALDWELL'S UPPER MANOR.— Same as Alburgh. Nov. 1, 
1744, the King of France granted Alburgh to Francis Foucault; after 
the conquest of Canada the grant was confirmed by the King of Great 
Britain; the title subsequently passed from Foucault to Gen. Haldimand 
and thence to Henry and John Caldwell, all British subjects. 

Governor and Council, IV 1455. 



CAMBRIDGE. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant to 
Col. Samuel Robinson, Hon. John Fassett,, Junior, Esq., Jonathan 
Fassett, Esq., and seventy-three associates Aug. 30, 1781, ante p. 41. 
Part of Sterling annexed, (Laws of 1828, p. 15). 

By the Laws of 1841, page 58, parts (south of Lamoille 
River) were to be set from Fairfax and Fletcher to Cambridge 
provided the three towns in interest so voted at the March meeting next 
ensuing and made certificate thereof to the clerks of the two counties 
concerned. Cambridge records show a vote in the affirmative. Re- 
cords of the Franklin County Clerk show acceptance by Fletcher, but 
no record has as yet been found to show that Fairfax assented. How- 
ever, there being no question that the act has become effective as re- 
gards Fletcher and Cambridge and from the nature of the act a divided 
annexation not being permissive, upon inspection of the Walling map of 
1857 and the Beers Atlas map of 1872 and a knowledge of the conditions 



278 APPENDIX 

in the field, the opinion seems warranted that this act became effective. 
Hememvay's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:595; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 66; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 43; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 41; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 102; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 772; State Papers Vt., 1:48. 



CAMDEN. — New York grant by Lt. Gov. Colden Nov. 13, 1769* 
to Robert R. Livingston, Chief Justice of New York, of 35,000 acres' 
covering land in Jamaica, Wardsborough, and Dover. 

Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. 



CANAAN. — Town in Essex County. Vermont grant of 15,360 
acres to John Wheeler and forty-three associates Feb. 25, 1782, ante p. 
43. Norfolk annexed Oct. 23, 1801, (Laws, p. 95). Part annexed to 
Lemington, (Laws of 1837, p. 101). (Laws 1870:569). "Mill Lot" 
(in Lemington) annexed for school purposes to Dist. number one, in 
1872. 

Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 415; Thomp- 
son's History of Vermont, 1842, p. 44; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 42; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 103; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 773; [ms.j Chandler,-Atlas, 
p. 106; Land Records, pp. 124-138, 561-2; State Papers Vt., 1:48. 
See Thirming y (New York grant), post. 



CARTHAGE.— See Jay. 



CASTLETON. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Samuel Brown and sixty-three associates, 
Sept. 22, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:79). Setting off part of school 
district No. 9 to No. 11 of Hubbardton legalized, (Laws of 1829, p. 294). 
Part of Ira annexed, (Laws of 1904, p. 412); effective in March, 1905. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:501; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 97; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 



APPENDIX 279 

Part III, p. 45; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 42; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 104; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, 1S60, p. 773; State Papers Vt., 1:49; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1921, 1:230. 



CAVENDISH. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire 
grant of 25,000 acres to Amos Kimball and sixty-five associates, Oct. 
12, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:83). New York grant by Gov. 
Tryon of 22,000 acres, Jan. 6, 1772, was a confirmation of New Hamp- 
shire charter; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Oct. 19, 
1793, (Laws, p. 6), Cavendish was divided into two towns, Baltimore 
being incorporated but represented jointly with Cavendish, (Vermont 
Assembly Journal, 1823, p. 51). Line with Baltimore established, 
(Laws of 1 84 1, p. 58). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 101; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 47; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 43; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 105; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 775; State Papers Vt., 149; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:235. 



CHAMPLAIN, LAKE.— History of LakeChamplain, P. S. Palmer, 
1866; Lake Champlain, W. H. H. Murray, 1890; History of Lake 
Charnplain, W. H. Crockett. 



CHARLESTON. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres as Navy to Abraham Whipple and sixty-three associates, 
Nov. 10, 1780, ante p. 145. Name changed to Charleston, Nov. 16, 1825, 
(Laws, p. 33). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:105; Child's 
Lamoille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 220; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 50; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 44; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 106; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 777; [ms.] Chandler,-Atlas, pp. 
94-5; Land Records, pp. 140-155, 555-6; State Papers Vt., 1:50. 



CHARLOTTE. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,060 acres as Charlotta to Benjamin Ferris and sixty-five 
associates, June 24, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:87). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:733; Child's Chitten- 



28o APPENDIX 

den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 162; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 
1886, p. 534; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 51; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 45; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 106; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, 
p. 778; State Papers Vt., 1:50. 



CHARLOTTE. — New York grant of 25,000 acres to Nathaniel 
Marston & Co. by Lt. Gov. Colden, March 31, 1770, in Chelsea and 
vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections 1:154. This is not to 
be confounded with the present town of Charlotte, which see, ante. 



CHATHAM. — New York grant of 12,750 acres to Lt. John Cruik- 
shank and others by Gov. Dunmore, March 14, 1771, embracing lands 
principally in Dorset; H. Hall's Early History of Vermont, pp. 131, 132. 



CHELSEA. — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant as Turn- 
ersborough of 23,040 acres to Bela Turner and seventy associates, 
Aug. 4, 1781, ante p. 190. Name changed to Chelsea Oct. 23, 1788, 
(Laws, p. 5). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:870; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 220; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 52; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 46; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 107; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, 779; Chelsea, J. A. Keyes; State Papers Vt., 1:51, 
148. 

See Charlotte, (New York grant), ante, and Gageborough, (New 
York grant), post. 



CHESTER. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
as Flamstead of 23,040 acres to John Balbridge and fifty-seven associates 
Feb. 22, 1754. Regranted as New Flamstead to Daniel Haywood 
and sixty-six associates Nov. 3, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26: 91-98). 
The New York grant as Chester of 31,700 acres July 14, 1766, was a 
confirmation of New Hampshire charter of Feb. 22, 1754; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:154. 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 113; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 52; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 46; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 108; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 779; State Papers Vt., 
1 152; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1 :2i9. 



APPENDIX 28l 

CHITTENDEN.— Town in Rutland County. Vermont grant to 
Gershom Beach and sixty-five associates March 16, 1780, ante p. 44. 
Part annexed to Philadelphia for school purposes, (Laws of 18 12, p. 
15S). Philadelphia annexed Nov. 2, 1812, (Laws, pp. 48-50). Annex- 
ation of part to Sherburne authorized, (Laws of 1829, p. 20). Laws of 
1854, p. 60, repeals Laws of 18 12, p. 158, annexing part of Brandon to 
Philadelphia for school purposes provided towns of Brandon and Chitten- 
den so vote. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:547; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 109; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 54; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 48; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 109; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 781; State Papers Vt., 1:52. 



CLARENDON.— Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,600 acres to Caleb Willard and sixty-three associates Sept. 
5, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:99). Part annexed to Ira, (Laws of 

1854, P- 57). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:552; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 114; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 55; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 48; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 109; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 782; State Papers Vt., 1:52; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:233. 

See Durham^ (New York grant), -post. 



COIT'S GORE. — Vermont grant of 10,000 acres to James White- 
law, James-Savage, and William Coit, Oct. 26, 1788, ante p. 221. Governor 
and Council, III 1177, 180. Part annexed to Bakersfield, (Laws of 
l 799> P- 16). Remainder incorporated into town of Waterville, (Laws 
of 1824, p. 14). 

Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, 244; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 56; State Papers Vt., 1:52. 



COLCHESTER. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Edward Burling and sixty-five associates, 
June 7, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:103). Part united with part of 



282 APPENDIX 

Burlington for school purposes, November 1, 1808, (Laws, p. 23). Part 
annexed to Milton, (Laws of 186S, p. 309). Loomis Island annexed, 
(Laws of 1872, p. 622). Part incorporated into city of Winooski, 
(Laws, 1921, pp. 309-332). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:754; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 179; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 
1886, p. 553; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 56; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 49; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 1 10; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 
783; State Papers Vt., 1:53; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921,1:240. 



CONCORD. — Town in Essex County. Vermont grant to Reuben 
Jones and sixty-four associates, Sept. 15, 1781, ante p. 46. Annexed to 
Caledonia Co., (Laws of 1826, p. 21). Part of Bradleyvale annexed, 
(Laws of 1856, p. 91). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:966; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 421; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 57; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 50; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 11 1; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 784; [ms.] Chandler's Land Records, 
p. 436; State Papers Vt., 1:54. 

See Kersborough, (New York grant), post. 



CORINTH. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant of 
24,000 acres to Jonathan White Esq., and sixty-five associates, Feb. 
4, 1764, (State Papers N. H., 26:107). New York grant by Governor 
Tryon of 23,100 acres March 2, 1772, was a confirmation of New Hamp- 
shire charter; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. Bound- 
ary lines of, Nov. 4, 1799, (Laws, p. 17). Line with Vershire established 
Nov. 6, 1801, (Laws, p. 88); Nov. 7, 1806, (Laws, p. 120). Part of 
Vershire annexed Oct. 23, 181 1, (Laws, p. 30). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:873; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 244; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 58; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 50; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 112; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 784; State Papers Vt., 1:55. 



CORNWALL. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire 
grant of 25,000 acres to Elias Reed and sixty-four associates Nov. 3, 



APPENDIX 283 

1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:111). Part annexed to Middlebury, 
(Laws of 1796, p. 56). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 .-23 ; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 90; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 59; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 51; Deming's Ver- 
mont officers, 1918, p. 113; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 785; History of Cornwall, Lyman Matthews, 1862; 
State Papers Vt., 1:56; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:245. 

See Morrisfield, (New York grant), post. See under Leicester, post, 
for New York grant. 



COVENTRY.— Town in Orleans County. Nov. 4, 1780, Major 
Elias Buell of Coventry, Conn., obtained from Vermont for himself 
and associates a grant of "a Certain tract of Land in this State lying 
between the towns of Shorum, Orwel, Hubbarton Sudbury and Whiting," 
(Governor and Council, IL55), and paid the granting fees therefor. 
When it was afterwards found that the surrounding towns covered nearly 
the whole of the lands granted, the legislature in Oct., 1784, upon a 
petition filed, allowed Buell to select from the unlocated lands in the 
state an equivalent for the deficiency, (Governor and Council, 111:59). 
Oct. 24, 1788, a sufficient amount of land having been decreed by the 
Land Commissioners, in accordance with the "flying grant" of 1784, 
to make up the deficiency, the Secretary of the Council was directed to 
issue a charter, (Governor and Council, III .-176, 180). The charter 
dated Nov. 4, 1780, issued to Maj. Elias Buel and fifty-nine associates, 
included three tracts of land; the present town of Coventry, 16,767 
acres, 2,000 acres known as Coventry Leg, which was annexed to New- 
port in 1 8 16, and Buel's Gore in Chittenden County which then con- 
tained 4,273 acres, ante p. 47. Coventry Leg annexed to Newport, 
(Laws of 1 8 16, p. 129). Name of town changed to Orleans, (Laws 
of 1841, p. 61). Name changed back to Coventry, (Laws of 1843, p. 
28). 

History of Coventry, P. H. W r hite, 1859; Hemenway's Vermont 
Historical Gazetteer, 3:136; Child's Lamoille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 
1884, p. 227; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 60; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 52; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 113; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, 
p. 786; State Papers Vt., 1 :6o. 

See [ms.] Vermont State Papers, 22:69, i ^4j f° r petitions of Buell; 
and also see Buel's Gore, ante. 

See St. George, (New York grant), post. 



284 APPENDIX 

COVENTRY.— A "Will o' the Wisp" sometime thought to have 
been seen where Cornwall and Weybridge are. See Governor and 
Council, 8:366, and map facing p. 430; also Jeffery's Atlas, Map No. 15. 
This Coventry is plainly neither the Coventry petitioned for and granted 
to Major Buel and associates in 1780, nor the present Coventry which 
was chartered (by charter dated back to Nov. 4, 1780,) to Major Buel 
and associates in 1788. It is discovered nowhere except on certain maps, 
and no doubt there appears by the blunder of the draughtsman or en- 
graver mistaking the name of Cornwall, which was granted in 1761; or 
by thinking (from Coventry, N. H., holding the same relative position to 
Connecticut River that Cornwall does to Lake Champlain) that he was 
at work on the New Hampshire Coventry, when really at work on Corn- 
wall. It looks more like a misreading of the name Cornwall on the part 
of the map maker, for the same map in Jeffery's contains Betton for 
Bolton and Woodbury for Newbury. Such carelessness would easily 
make Coventry out of Cornwall. 



COVENTRY GORE.— Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 60; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 144; Legislation 
of Vermont, Cross, 1894, p. 125; Annexed to Newport, (Laws of 1894, 
p. 406). 

See Coventry, ante. 



CRAFTSBURY. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant as 
Minden of 23,040 acres to Timothy Newell, Ebenezer Craft, and 
sixty-one associates Aug. 23, 1781, ante p. 136. Since "from a simil- 
arity of sound between the names of Minden and Lyndon people often 
mistake one for the other," the name was changed to Craftsbury, (Laws 
of 1790, p. 6). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:164; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 239; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 60; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 52; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 114; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 787; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 
27; Land Records, p. 537; State Papers Vt., 1 :6o. 



CUMBERLAND.— "Cumberland Township" was the south-west 
corner of Cumberland County, and covered the present towns of Whit- 



APPENDIX 285 

ingham and Readsboro. New York grants were made in this territory, 
one of 10,000 acres to Nathan Whiting and associates March 12, 1770; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, I — 154. A record of a charter 
of the town of Cumberland has not yet appeared. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II 1189, 
pp. 684, 685, (Whitingham). See also map preceding Index to Vol. 
I, Documentary History of New York. See also Readsboro, post. 



DANBY. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant of 
23,040 acres to Jonathan Willard and sixty-one associates, Aug. 27 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:115). New York grant of 1,000 acres to 
John Tudor by Gov. Tryon, Feb. 20, 1772, covered lands in Danby; Ver- 
mont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:576; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 122; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 62; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 53; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 115; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 789; Williams' History of Danby 
(and map) 1869; State Papers Vt., 1:61; Crockett's History of Vermont, 
1921, 1:224. 



DANVILLE. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant of 
28,000 acres to Jacob Bailey, Jesse Leavenworth, and associates, Oct. 
31, 1786, ante p. 49. A committee was appointed to report facts res- 
pecting a new charter in 1801, (Laws, p. 85). New Charter in accord- 
ance with act of Nov. 6, 1802, (Laws, pp. 92-105), issued Nov. 12, 1802, 
to seventy-five grantees, ante p. 53. Walden Gore annexed Oct. 29, 
1792, (Laws, p. 15). Part of Deweysburgh annexed, (Laws of 1810, 
pp. 108-110). Part of Cabot annexed, (Laws of 1834, p. 28). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:312; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 172; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 62; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 53; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 116; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 789; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, 
p. 43; Land Records, p. 546; State Papers Vt., 1:61. 

See Hillsborough, (New York grant), post. 



DELLIUS GRANT.— A New York grant made to Rev. Godfrey 
Dellius, of Albany, N. Y., Sept. 3, 1696, and three years later set aside 
and annulled, as having been obtained and issued by fraud. New York 



286 APPENDIX 

used this grant as showing that her claim of an eastern boundary on the 
Connecticut River was an ancient one, insisting that the patent covered 
a tract of land on the west side of Vermont twelve miles in width, com- 
mencing at Charlotte and extending south for about fifty miles. Hiland 
Hall in his Early History of Vermont insists that no part of the Dellius 
grant covered any Vermont land. 

See H. HalFs Early History of Vermont, pp. 488-495, with map, p. 
491; see also map facing p. 368, Vol I, Documentary History of New 
York (quarto). 



DEERFIELD. — New York grant of 35,000 acres to Samuel Wells, 
& Co. by Gov. Dunmore, June 20, 1771, now Burlington and vicinity, 
chartered by New Hampshire, 1761; Vermont Historical Society Col- 
lections,!: 155. Probably covered the greater part of Willison. 



DERBY. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Timothy Andrews and fifty-nine associates, Oct. 29, 1779, 
ante p. 59. Black and Bell Islands annexed and Auditor of Accounts 
authorized to sell the islands, (Laws of 1865, p. 244). Line with New- 
port established, (Laws of 1868, p. 310). Annexation of Salem, (Laws 
of 1880, pp. 236 to 238), effected March, 1881. Part incorporated into 
city of Newport, (Laws 1917, pp. 298-319). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:178; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 250; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 63; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 54; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 117; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 790; State Papers Vt., 1 :6z. 



DEWEYSBURGH. — Vermont grant of a tract "containing 15 
sixty fifth parts of a six mile square township" to Capt. Elijah Dewey 
and fourteen associates Feb. 28, 1782, ante p. 60. Annexed to Danville 
and Peacham Nov. 2, 18 10, (Laws, pp. 108-110). 

[ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 55; Land Records, p. 545; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 117; State Papers Vt., 1:62. 



DORSET. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Gideon Lyman, Esq., and sixty-three associates 
Aug. 20, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:119). Annexation of part of Mt. 
Tabor authorized, (Laws of 1825, p. 25; 1832, p. 25). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:183; Child's Ben- 



APPENDIX 287 

nington Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 122; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 64; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 55; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 118; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 791; State Papers Vt., 1:62; Crockett's 
History of Vermont, 1921, 1:233. 

See Chatham, (New York grant), ante; Princetown, (New York 
grant), post; Arlington, ante, New York grant to J. Napier. 



DOVER. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire grants 
of 2,000 acres each to Lieut. Peter Brown, Lieut. Stephen Holland, 
and Lieut. James Tute July 6, 1764, were of lands now embraced in 
the town of Dover, (State Papers N. H., 26:123-129). Incorporated out 
of south district of Wardsboro, (Laws of 18 10, p. 79). Line with Wil- 
mington and Marlboro established, (Laws of 185 1, p. 6$; 1852, p. 66). 
Part annexed from Wilmington, 1869 (Laws of 1869, p. 289). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 337; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 162; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 65; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 55; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 119; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 792; State Papers Vt., 
1:63. 

See Camden, (New York grant), ante. 



DRAPER. — New Hampshire grant. 

See Wilmington. 



DUMMERSTON.— Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant as Fullam of 19,360 acres to Simeon Stoddard and fifty associates 
Dec. 26, 1753. Charter renewed June 12, 1760, July 6, 1761, July 7, 
1762, and June 7, 1764, (State Papers N. H., 26:130-138). Dummerston 
was part of a tract of land granted by Massachusetts to Connecticut in 
exchange for lands granted by the former in the territory of the latter 
through mistake, and Dummerston was sold at auction by Connecticut 
in 1716 to Hon. William Dummer and Simeon Stoddard, Esq. Part 
annexed to Putney, (Laws of 1846, p. 11). Part annexed to Putney, 
(Laws of 1892, p. 427). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 1; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 169; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 65; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 56; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 119; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 792; State Papers Vt., 1:63. 



288 APPENDIX 

DUNBAR. — New Hampshire grant. 
See Sudbury. 



DUNCANSBOROUGH— Vermont grant, now Newport, which 
see. 



DUNMORE. — New York grant of 39,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Col- 
den to John Woods & Co. Aug. 8, 1770, in and near what is now Water- 
ford, (Vermont Historical Society Collections, I — 155). 



DURHAM. — New York grant of 38,000 acres by Gov. Tryon to 
Benjamin Spencer & Co., Jan. 7, 1772; covered lands granted by New 
Hampshire in Clarendon and Wallingford; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections,i:i56. Map facing p. 430 of Vol. VIII, Governor and 
Council, has Durham in Shrewsbury. 

See Avery's Gores, ante. 



DUXBURY. — Town in Washington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Rev. Isaac Brown and sixty-four associates 
June 7, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:138). Part of Moretown annexed 
for school purposes, (Laws of 1802, p. 89). Repealed, (Laws of 1822, 

P- 95). 

Child's Washington County Gazetteer, 1889, p. 242; Thompson's 

History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 66; Hayward's Vermont Gazet- 
teer, 1849, p. 56; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 120; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 795; State Papers Vt., 
1:64. 

See Windham, (New York grant), post. 



EASTHAM. — Where Chelsea now is. Supposed to be a New 
Hampshire grant, (Governor and Council, VIII 1366, and map facing 
page 430). The New York grant of Charlotte covered the same ter- 
ritory. Eastham is found on a map in Jeffery's Atlas, p. 15, printed 
in 1776. 



APPENDIX 289 

EAST HAVEN. — Town in Essex County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Timothy Andrews and sixty-three associates Oct. 22, 
1790, ante p. 64. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:985; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 439; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 66; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 56; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 121; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 796; [ras.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 86-7; 
Land Records, pp. 158-189, 597-8; State Papers Vt., 1:64. 



EAST MONTPELIER.— Town in Washington County. Incor- 
porated by dividing Montpelier into two towns, (Laws of 1848, pp. 
5-7; 1859, pp. 146-148); organized Jan. 1, 1849. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:575; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 255; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 56; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 122; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History 7 of New England, i860, p. 796; D. P. Thompson's 
History of Montpelier, i860; Vermont Watchman, Souvenir Edition 
Devoted to Montpelier, 1893. 

See Montpelier. 



EDEN. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Col. Seth Warner and seventy-one associates Aug. 28, 1781, 
ante, p. 66. Part of Belvidere annexed, (Laws of 1828, p. 15). Re- 
pealed, (Laws of 183 1, p. 12), and line with Belvidere established ac- 
cording to original charter limits. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:621; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 77; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 66; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
57; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 122; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of 'New England, i860, p. 796; [ms.] Chandler's Atlas, 28-9; 
State Papers Vt., 1:65. 



ELMORE. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Col. Samuel Elmore and sixty-four associates Aug. 21, 1781, 
ante p. 6j. Line with Worcester established (Laws of 1837, p. 10.) 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:626; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 83 ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 67; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 57; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 123; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 797; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 
22-3? Land Records, pp. 525-6; State Papers Vt., 1:65. 



29O APPENDIX 

ELY. — Authorization of change of name from Vershire, (Laws of 
1878, p. 219). Name changed. back to Vershire, (Laws of 1882, p. 265). 

See Vershire. 



ENOSBURGH. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Roger Enos and fifty-nine associates May 15, 1780, 
ante p. 69. Part of Bakersfield annexed Oct. 31, 1798, (Laws, p. 40). 
Provision made for establishing line with other towns and sale of gore 
of land between Enosburgh, and Montgomery, Berkshire, and Richford 
directed, (Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160). Laws of 1803, p. 60, repeals so 
much of Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160, as directs sale of a gore of land bet- 
ween Berkshire and Richford. Part of Berkshire annexed and part of 
Enosburgh annexed to Berkshire, (Laws of 1838, p. 14). Line with 
Bakersfield established, (Laws of 1845, p. 5). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:132; Child's Frank- 
lin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 78; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 67; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
58; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 123; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of N ew England, i860, p. 797; State Papers Vt., 1 :66. 



ENOSBURGH GORE. — Vermont grant of 3,916 acres to Stephen 
House and Amos Fassett, of Enosburgh, Nov. 9, 1803, in accordance 
with an act passed Nov. 10, 1802, (Laws, pp. 158-160); ante p. 71. See 
also Laws of 1803, p. 60; 1805, p. 44; 1807, p. 64; [ms.] Vermont State 
Papers, 31:200. Made a part of Enosburgh by section II of act passed 
Nov. 10, 1802, (Laws pp. 158-160); State Papers Vt. } 1:67. 



ESSEX. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire grant of 
23,040 acres to Edward Burling and sixty-five associates June 7, 1763, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:142). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:178; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 193; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 
1886, p. 568; Thompson's History of Vermont, 842, Part III, p. 68; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 59; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 124; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, 
p. 798; Memorial Record of Essex, L. C. Butler, 1866; State Papers Vt., 
1:67. 



EUGENE. — New York grant of 15,350 acres by Governor Dun- 
more, June 14, 1 771; covered lands in Rupert and Pawlet chartered 
by New Hampshire. 

Hall's Early History of Vermont, p. 131. 



APPENDIX 29I 

FAIRFAX. — Town in Franklin County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Edward Burling and sixty-three associates Aug. 
18, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:i46).Annexation of part to Cambridge 
authorized, (Laws of 1841, p. 58). See note under Cambridge. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:467; Child's Frank- 
lin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 88; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 69; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 59; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 125; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 799; State Papers Vt., 
1:68. 



FAIRFIELD. — Town in Franklin County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Samuel Hungerford and sixty-three associates Aug. 
18, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:150). Part of Smithfield annexed Oct. 
25, 1792, (Laws, p. 5), and part of Fairfield annexed to Bakersfield 
by same act. Line with St. Albans and Swanton established, (Laws 
of 1816, p. 95). Line with Bakersfield established, (Laws of 1817, 
p. 33). Line with Swanton established and part of Swanton annexed 
and part of Fairfield annexed to Swanton, (Laws of 1829, p. 19). 

New York grants by Lt. Gov. Colden of 5,000 acres to Henry Gor- 
don, Sept. I, 1774, and of 5,000 acres to Henry Gordon for Peter Gordon, 
Dec. 1, 1774, covered lands in Fairfield; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections, 1:157. Marked "C. H. Gordon" (and the "John Gordon"?) 
on map preceding Index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:467; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 99; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 69; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 59; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 126; Coolidge and Mans-. 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 799; State Papers Vt., 1:69. 
See Meath, (New York grant), post. 



FAIRHAVEN. — Town in Rutland County. Vermont grant to 
Ebenezer Allen and seventy-six associates Oct. 27, 1779, ante p. 73. 
Oct. 20, 1792 (Laws, p. 3), divided into the towns of Fairhaven and 
Westhaven, but both represented in the legislature jointly until 1823, 
when West Haven was allowed a separate representative, (Vermont 
Assembly Journal, 1823, p. 51). Part of Fairhaven west of Poultney 
River annexed to New York, provided New York assents and the Con- 
gress of the United States approves, (Laws of 1876, p. 38). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:672; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 130; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 



292 APPENDIX 



Part III, p. 70; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 60; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 126; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 800; Fair Haven, A. N. Adams, 1870; State 
Papers Vt., 1:70. 



FAIRLEE. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant of 
24,000 acres to Josiah Chauncy and sixty-three associates Sept. 9, 1761 
(State Papers N. H., 26:159). Feb. 25, 1797, (Laws, pp. 49-51), divided 
into two towns, Fairlee and West Fairlee, but both together were 
allowed only one representative in the General Assembly. West 
Fairlee was first represented separately in 1823, (Vermont Assembly 
Journal, 1823, p. 51). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:888; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 264; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 70; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 60; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, 127; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 801; State Papers Vt., 1:70. 



FANE. — New Hampshire grant. 

See Newfane. 



FAYSTON. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Ebenezer Walbridge and sixty-four associates Feb. 27, 
1782, ante p. 74. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:177; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 278; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 71; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 61; Dem- 
ing's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 128; Coolidge and Mansfield's History 
of New England, i860, p. 802; [ms.] Chandler's Land Records, p. 437; 
State Papers Vt., 1 .70. 



FERDINAND. — Unorganized town in Essex County. New 
Hampshire grant of 25,000 acres to Thomas Hungerford and sixty- 
three associates Oct. 12, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:163). P art °f 
Wenlock and part of Brighton annexed, (Laws 1853, p. 57). 

Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 443; Thomp- 
son's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 71; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 61; Deming's Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 145; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 802; [ms.] Chandler, — 
Atlas, pp. 60-1,66; Land Records, pp. 190-213,601-2; State Papers Vt., 
1:71. 



APPENDIX 293 

FERRISBURGH.— Town in Addison County. New Hampshire 
grant as Farrisbourg or Ferrissburg of 24,600 acres to Daniel Merritt 
and sixty-three associates June 24, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:171). 
Part incorporated into the City of Vergennes Oct. 23, 1788, (Laws, pp. 

11-19)- 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:31; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 101; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 71; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 61; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 129; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 803; State Papers Vt., 1:71; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 192 1, 1:235. 

See Mecklenburg, (New York grant), post. 



FINCASTLE. — New York grant of 18,000 acres by Gov. Dun- 
more June 11, 1771; was in Stockbridge. Chartered by New 
Hampshire in 1761, (Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155). 



FLAMSTEAD. — New Hampshire grant. 
See Chester, ante. 



FLETCHER. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Moses Robinson, Jonas Fay, John Fassett, Jr., Major 
Joseph Tyler, and sixty-one associates Aug. 20, 1781, ante p. 76. An- 
nexation of part to Cambridge authorized, (Laws of 1841, p. 58). See 
note under Cambridge. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:468; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. no; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 72; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 62; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 129; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 804; State Papers Vt., 1 72. 
See Kellybrook, (New York grant), post. 



FRANKLIN. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant as 
Huntsburgh of 23,040 acres to Jonathan Hunt and five associates March 
19, 1789, ante p. 97. Line with Sheldon and Highgate established, 
(Laws of 1810, p. 160). Name changed to Franklin, (Laws of 1817, p. 
28). Avery's 554 A. Gore annexed. 



294 APPENDIX 

Child's Franklin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 115; 
Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 72; Hayward's Ver- 
mont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 63; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 130; 
Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 804; State 
Papers Vt., 1:72, 85. 



FRENCH GRANTS. — According to a map of French and English 
grants facing p. 368 of Vol. I, (quarto), Documentary History of New 
York, six Seigniories were granted by the French east of Lake Champ- 
lain, and within the present State of Vermont. 

1. The Seigniory of Hocquart; see Hocquart, post. 

2. Concession of July 7, 1734, to M. Contrecoeur, Junior, of land 
"beginning at the mouth of the Riviere aux Loutres [Otter River] 
one league and a half above and one league and a half below making 
two leagues front by three leagues in depth." Vol. I, (quarto) Docu- 
mentary History of New York, p. 361. This Seigniory was situated 
just north of the Seigniory of Hocquart, and is marked "A" on map of 
Lake Champlain (1748), facing p. 358 of Vol. I, Documentary History of 
New York. 

3. Seigniory conceded to M. De la Perriere July 6, 1734, "begin- 
ning at the Mouth of the River Ouynouski one league above and one 
below making two leagues front by three leagues in depth," Vol. I 
Documentary History of New York, p. 361, and marked "B" on map 
facing p. 358. 

4. Seigniory south of No. 3. A record of the grant not found, and 
the grantee does not appear on the map last mentioned. 

5. Seigniory "La Manaudiere," just north of No. 3, conceded April 
30, 1737, to M. Raimbault "containing four Leagues front by five 
leagues deep, the said four Leagues commencing in descending the 
Lake, from the Bounds of the Seigniory granted to Sieur La Perriere" 

. . . .- "in which is included the River called A la Mouelle. " 
Vol. I, Documentary History of New York, p. 364; marked "36" on map 
facing p. 358. Sept. 27, 1766, this Seigniory was sold to Benjamin 
Price, Daniel Robertson, and John Livingston, pp. 363, 364. 

6. Seigniory just north of No. 5 "two leagues front by three 
leagues deep on the East side of Lake Champlain" conceded to M. 
Douville Oct. 8, 1736; Vol. I, Documentary History of New York, 
p. 361; marked "37" on map facing p. 358. 

The Seigniory granted to M. De Beauvais July 20, 1734 "two 
leagues in front by three leagues in depth on Lake Champlain together 
with the peninsula which is found to be in front of said land " and marked 
' C" on map facing p. 358, is evidently in Vermont territory. Isle la 
Motte was included within the limits of a Seigniory west of the lake, 
conceded to M. Pean, April 10, 1733, p. 361 ; see map facing p. 358. 

Part, at least, of Alburgh is in the Seigniory granted M. Lafontaine, 



APPENDIX 295 

April 5, 1733, "being five quarters of a league in front on the River 
Chambly by the depth that may be found to the bay of Missiskouy, " 
marked "K" on map facing p. 358. All the above grants except the 
Seigniories of Hocquart and La Manaudiere (1 and 5) were reunited 
to His Majesty's Domain, May 10, 1741, the Proprietors not having 
fulfilled the conditions set forth in their deeds; Vol. I, Documentary 
History of New York, pp. 360, 361. 

Grand Isle, marked "L 30" on map facing p. 358, and which em- 
braced both Heroes as the Seigniory of M. Contrecoeur was probably 
forfeited at the same time as the other Seigniories above mentioned. 

The Seigniory of M. Faulcaut, marked "I," probably included part 
of Alburgh; see Caldwell's Upper Manor, ante. 

The Seigniory Bedou on the River Thazy, granted Nov. 1, 1752, 
included "the Island called a la Mothe, (Isle La Motte); Vol. I, Docu- 
mentary History of New York, p. 362. Crockett's History of Vermont, 
1921, 1:119-132,220. 



FULLAM or FULLUM. — New Hampshire grant. See Dummer- 
ston, ante. 



GAGEBOROUGH— New York grant of 24,000 acres by Lt. Gov. 
Colden, May 10, 1770; included what is now Vershire and vicinity; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 73; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 146. 



GATESBOROUGH.— Township No. 43 on the plan of the state 
made by the Surveyor General granted to Josiah Gates and Amos 
Jones and company to the number of 120, about the first of November, 
1780; Governor and Council, Vol. II, pp. 54,501. A charter of Gates- 
borough was never issued, but the township was chartered as Salem, 
Aug. 18, 1781. See Salem, post. 



GEORGIA. — Town in Franklin County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Richard Emery and sixty-three associates Aug. 17, 
1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:175). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:468; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 122; Thompson's History of 



296 APPENDIX 

Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 73; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 63; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 131; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 805; State Papers Vt., 1:73. 



GILEAD. — Same as present town of Brighton. Was granted by 
the legislature as Gilead, (Governor and Council, 2:52), and chartered 
as Random, which see. 



GLASTENBURY. — Town in Bennington County. New Hamp- 
shire grant as Glossenburry of 23,040 acres to Captain Samuel Rob- 
inson and sixty-one associates, Aug. 20, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 
26:180). See Arlington, ante for the New York grant to Napier. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 1196; Child's Benning- 
to Co. Gazetteer, 1S81, p. 131; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 74; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 64; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 132; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 805; State Papers Vt., 1:74. 



GLOVER. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Gen. John Glover and sixty-two associates, Nov. 20, 1783, 
ante p. 78. Record of charter amended by inserting the name of a 
grantee, William Fellows, omitted by the Secretary of State in recording 
the charter, (Laws of 1845, p. 35). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:195; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 264; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 74; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 64; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 133; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 806; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 
11,100; Land Records, pp. 435,558; State Papers Vt., 1:74. 



GOSHEN. — Town in Addison County. The State of Vermont, 
Feb. 23, 1782, granted Goshen to Capt. John Powel, William Doug- 
lass, and sixty-three associates, (Governor and Council, 11:145; HI: 
180). A charter was not issued until Feb. 2, 1792, and that was 
in the nature of a flying grant, no specific territory being granted, 
ante p. 79- The Land Commissioners in their report to the Governor 
and Council, March 15, 1788, (Governor and Council, III 1179, 180), 
decree: "To Capt. John Powell [John Powell, William Douglass] &c & 
Company Eleven Thousand Six hundred acres of Land as marked 



APPENDIX 297 

Goshen in two places to make up the deficiency of their Grant Granted 
Feb. 23, 1782." These tracts are evidently the two gores chartered as 
a part of Goshen Oct. 26, 1789. "An Act Granting a tax of one penny 
p r acre on the Lands in Goshen, having passed the General Assembly was 
read and Concurred with this Amendment, that said Tax shall not be 
Collectable until the Charter of said Township shall be Issued, " (Gover- 
nor and Council, III .'198). A charter in accordance with act passed 
Nov. I, 1798, (see Laws pp. 97-103) issued on the date last mentioned 
granted 13,000 acres in Addison Co., one gore between Walden and 
Wheelock of 7,339 acres and another gore between Plainfield and Harris 
Gore containing 2,820 acres, ante p. 81. An act passed Nov. 5, 1798, 
(Laws, p. 56), declared that all the land should be considered as in 
Addison County. Part of Philadelphia annexed and the town of 
Goshen incorporated, (Laws of 1814, p. in). First represented in the 
General Assembly the following year. Part of Ripton annexed, (Laws 
of 1820, p. 41). Part of Rochester annexed, (Laws of 1847, p. 7). 
Two gores in Caledonia Co., severed from Goshen, (Laws of 1854, p. 59). 
"Clemensland" in Brandon annexed, (Laws of 1854, P- 59)- 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:35; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 75; Child's Addison Co. Gazet- 
teer, 1882, p. 109; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 65; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 133; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 807; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 79, 14, 15; Land 
Records, pp. 557, 559, 578; State Papers Vt., 1:74. 



GOSHEN GORE. NO. 1. — 7,339 acres between Wheelock and 
Walden chartered as a part of Goshen, Nov. 1, iygS,antep. 81. (Laws, 
pp. 97-103.) To be considered as in Addison County, (Laws of 1798, 
p. 56). Severed from Goshen, (Laws of 1854, p. 59). Incorporated 
as the town of Stannard, (Laws of 1867, p. 66). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 75; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 147; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 807; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
144; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 14-15; Land Records, p. 559; State 
Papers Vt., 1:75. 

See Goshen and Stannard. 



GOSHEN GORE, NO. 2.-2,820 acres between Plainfield and 
Harris Gore. Chartered as a part of Goshen, Nov. 1, 1798, ante p. 81 ; 
(Laws of 1798, p. 56). To be considered as in Addison County, (Laws 
of 1798, p. 56). Severed from Goshen, (Laws of 1854, p. 59). Annexed 
to Washington Probate District, (Laws of 1855, p. 74). Annexation to 
Plainfield, (Laws of 1874, p. 380). 



298 APPENDIX 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 75; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1851, p. 147; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 807; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
144; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 14-15; Land Records, p. 578; State 
Papers Vt., 1:75. 



GRAFTON. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire grant 
as Thomlinson of 23,040 acres to Jonathan Whitney and fifty-eight 
associates, April 8, 1754. Charter renewed July 9, 1761. Regranted 
Sept. I, 1763, to Jonathan Whitney and fifty-seven associates, (State 
Papers N. H., 26:184-192). New Hampshire charter of 1754, was con- 
firmed by New York grant, April 2, 1767; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections, 1 1154. Name changed to Grafton, Oct. 13, 1792, (Laws, p. 
20). Part of Avery's Gore and part of Athens annexed, (Laws of 18 16, 
p. 40). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 552; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 183; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 75; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 65; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 134; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 808; State Papers Vt., 

176. 



GRANBY. — Town in Essex County. New Hampshire grant of 
23,040 acres to Elihu Hall and sixty-three associates, Oct. 10, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:192). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:987; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 444; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 76; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 65; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 135; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, i860, p. 808; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 104-5; 
Land Records pp. 438, 560, ^j6; State Papers Vt., 1:76. 



GRAND ISLE. — Town in Grand Isle County. Name changed 
from Middle Hero, (Laws of 18 10, p. 169). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2: 517; Child's Frank- 
lin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 220; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 76; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 66; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 135; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 809; State Papers Vt., 1:77. 
See Two Heroes, South Hero, and Middle Hero. 



APPENDIX - 299 

GRANVILLE. — Town in Addison County. Vermont grant as 
Kingston of 23,040 acres to Reuben King, Sheldon Graham, Jona- 
than King, Daniel King, and sixty associates, Aug. 2, 1781, ante p. 118. 
New York grant of 28,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to Humphrey Avery 
& Co., (see Avery's Gores, ante), Sept. 6, 1774, covered lands now in 
Lincoln, Ripton, and Granville; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:157. Part of Avery's Gore annexed, (Laws of 1833, p. 26). Name 
changed to Granville, (Laws of 1834, p. 28). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:39; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 112; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 77; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 66; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 136; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 810; State Papers Vt., 1:77,91. 



GREEN AND MOULTON'S GRANT.— Mentioned in Vol. VI, 
Governor and Council, pp. 390, 401, 402. Probably the same as 
Whitingham Gore, which was chartered Oct. 20, 1796, to Amos Green, 
Samuel Moulton, Solomon Moulton, and thirteen associates, ante p. 219. 
In [ms.] Vermont State Papers, 22:51, there is a petition dated Oct. 2, 
1783, which describes a certain tract of land as bounded "South on the 
South Line of Whitingham, West on Lieut. Gambell's New York Patent 
(since granted by this State to Amos Green and others)." Another 
petition in the same volume, p. S3^ dated Oct. 7, 1783, describing the 
same tract of land, bounds it "South on Massachusetts Bay West on 
land granted By the General Assembly to molton and green and com- 
pany." As the granting fees on a "Gore of Land Granted unto Amos 
Green, Samuel Moulton and Company" were fixed by the Governor 
and Council, Feb. 25, 1782, (Governor and Council, IL146), it seems 
highly probable that the Green and Moulton's Grant appearing in the 
Governor and Council in 1821, and Whitingham Gore chartered in 1796 
to Green, Moulton, and others are one and the same tract of land. 
State Papers Vt., 1:77. 



GREENSBORO. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Harris Cole and sixty-six associates, Aug. 20, 1781, ante 
P- 83. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:209; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 274; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 78; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 67; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 137; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 810; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 11; 
Land Records, pp. 435, 587-8; State Papers Vt., 1:77. 



300 APPENDIX 

GROTON. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant as 
Grotton of 28,000 acres to Lieut. Thomas Butterfield and seventy- 
eight associates, Oct. 20, 1789, ante p. 85. Part of Harris Gore an- 
nexed, (Laws of 1890, p. 276). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:321; 4:1145; Child's 
Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 189; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 78; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 67; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 138; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 811; [ms.] Chandler. — Atlas, 
pp. 64-5; Land Records, pp. 214, 241, 586; State Papers Vt., 1:78. 



GUILDHALL. — Town in Essex County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Elihu Hall and sixty-three associates, Oct. 10, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:196). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:996; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 449; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 79; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 68; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 138; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 811; History of Guildhall, R. C. 
Benton, 1886; [ms.] Chandler's Land Records, pp. 435,449; State Papers 
Vt., 1:79; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:219. 



GUILFORD. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Elijah Williams and fifty-eight associates, April 
2, 1754. Charter renewed July 6, 1761, and March 20, 1764, (State 
Papers N. H., 26:200-206). New York grant of 10,000 acres to Col. 
Thomas Howard & Co. by Gov. Tryon Nov. 23, 177 1, covered lands now 
in Vernon and Guilford; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part III, p. 3; 
Child's Windham County Gazetteer, 1884, p. 194; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 79; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 68; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 139; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 812; State Papers Vt., 
1:79; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1:207. 



HALESBOROUGH— New York grant of 23,000 acres to Wm. 
Sheriff & Co., by Gov. Dunmore June 12, 1771; covered Neshobe, 
(now Brandon) chartered by New Hampshire; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1:155. Marked "Hillsborough" on map preceding 
index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. 



APPENDIX 30I 

HALIFAX. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Oliver Partridge and sixty-two associates, May 11, 
1750, (State Papers N. H., 26:207). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 408; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 216; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 85; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 69; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 140; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 815; State Papers Vt., 
1:79; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:208. 



HAMILTON'S GRANT. — Vermont grant of 3,000 acres to Silas 
Hamilton and seven associates, March 15, 1780; by charter made a 
part of the township of Whitingham, ante p. 87. [AIs.] Vermont State 
Papers, 31:234; Governor and Council, IL32, 80. 



HANCOCK. — Town in Addison County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Samuel Willcox, Daniel Kinne, Josiah Wright, and 
one hundred and twenty-seven associates, July 31, 1781, ante p. 88. 
Annexed to Addison County Jan. 18, 1791, (Laws, p. 3). Line with 
Rochester established Nov. 6, 1792, (Laws, p. 42). Part annexed to 
Rochester, (Laws of 1834, p. 27). Annexation of part to Rochester 
authorized, (Laws of 1847, p. 9.) Last act repealed, (Laws of 1848, p. 
9). North line established, (Laws of 1894, p. 406). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:43; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 117; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 86; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 69; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 141; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 816; State Papers Vt., 1:80. 



HARDWICK. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Danforth Keyes, Jonas Fay, Eliakim Spooner, and 
sixty-four associates, Aug. 19, 178 1, ante p. 91. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:323; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 201; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 86; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
70; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 142; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 816; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 16-17; 
Land Records, pp. 435,567-8; State Papers Vt., 1:80. 



3<D2 APPENDIX 

HARRIS GORE. — Vermont grant of 6,026 acres to Edward 
Harris and sixteen associates, Oct. 30, 1801, ante p. 92. Annexation to 
Plainfield authorized, and annexed to Washington County Probate 
District, (Laws of 1855, p. 74). Annexed to Groton and Marshfield, 
(Laws of 1890, p. 276). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 67; Hayward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 144; Deming's Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 
151; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 54-5; Land Records, pp. 242-5, 577-8; 
State Papers Vt., 1:81. 



HARTFORD. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire 
grant of 27,000 acres to Prince Tracy and sixty associates, July 4, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26-212). Part of Hartford and part of Pomfret 
united for school purposes, (Laws of 1804, p. 54). Part annexed to 
W T oodstock and part of Woodstock annexed to Hartford, (Laws of 1852, 

p- 66 >- ... 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 123; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 87; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 70; Deming's Vermont Officers, 19 18, p. 142; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 817; Tucker's History of Hart- 
ford, 1889; State Papers Vt., 1:81; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1:212. 



HARTLAND. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
as Hertford of 26,000 acres to Samuel Hunt and sixty-four associates, 
July 10, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:216). Confirmation charter 
issued by New York to Oliver Willard and others July 23, 1766; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:154. Name changed to Hartland June 
15, 1782, (R., 1797.) Part annexed to Woodstock, (Laws of 1852, pp. 
66-68). _ 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 137; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 88; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 71; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 143; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 817; State Papers Vt., 1 :82; Crockett's 
History of Vermont, 1921, 1:213. 



HARWICH. — New Hampshire grant. 

See Mount Tabor, post. 



HERTFORD.— New Hampshire grant. 
See Hartland, ante. 



APPENDIX 303 

HIGHGATE. — Town in Franklin County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Samuel and Elisha Hunt and sixty-two associates 
Aug. 17, 763, (State Papers N. H., 26:220). New York grant of 2,000 
acres to S. Metcalf & Co. July 1, 1.771, covered part of what is now 
Highgate; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. Part of 
Alburgh annexed, (Laws of Nov., 1792, p. 26). Marvin's Gore annexed, 
(Laws of 1806, p. 11). Provision for establishing line with Sheldon, 
Swanton, and Huntsburgh, (Laws of 1810, p. 160). Part annexed to 
Swanton, (Laws of 1836, p. 38). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:469; Child's Frank- 
lin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 131; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 89; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
72; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 144; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 819; State Papers Vt., 1:82. 
See Prattsburg, (New York grant), post. 



HILLSBOROUGH.— New York grant of 36,000 acres to Elias 
Bland & Co. by Lt. Gov. Colden Aug. 10, 177c, now Danville and 
vicinity; Vermont Historical Societv Collections, 1:155; State Papers 
Vt,i:8 3 . 



HILLSBOROUGH. — The place where this Hillsborough appears 
is as a New York grant on the Chorographical Map facing p. 430 of 
Vol. VIII, Governor and Council. It covers the present town of 
Swanton and part of the territory marked "Pratsburg, " on the map 
preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. The 
New York grant of Hillsborough, including the present town of Danville 
and vicinity, appears as "Hilsborough" on Chorographical Map first 
mentioned. The map preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary History 
of New York, has a "Hillsboro" where Brandon now is, — probably 
confounded with Halesborough, a New York grant covering Brandon; 
State Papers Vt., 1:83. 



HINESBURG. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to David and Zachariah Ferriss and sixty-two 
associates, June 24, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:224). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:792; Child's Chitten- 
den County Gazetteer, 1883, p. 202; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 89; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 72; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 145; Coolidge and Mansfield's 



3O4 APPENDIX 

History of New England, i860, p. 820; Rann's History of Chittenden 
County, 1886, p. 592; State Papers Vt., 1:83; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:245. 



HINSDALE. — "This township had first been granted by the 
government of the Massachusetts-Bay and upon the settlement of the 
boundary line between the Massachusetts and New Hampshire, in 1739, 
fell within the latter, and by them [was] granted, and fully ratified to 
the inhabitants and proprietors, who in addition to their title, had 
also the Indian right. This township, by the determination of the 
boundary line between New York and New Hampshire, fell within 
the jurisdiction of the former, and was by them granted to Col. Howard 
after it had been settled about seventy years." Appendix written by 
Ethan Allen and printed Sept. 23, 1774, (Governor and Council, 1:508); 
State Papers Vt., 1:83. 

See Vernon, post. 



HITCHCOCK'S GORE.— Vermont grant of about 1,000 acres, 
bounded by Athens, Putney, Dummerston, Newfane, and Townshend, 
to David Hitchcock and seven associates, June 19, 1783; by its charter 
it was made a part of Putney, ante p. 93. 



HOCQUART, SEIGNIORY OF.— The Seigniory of Hocquart 
was granted by the King of France to M. Hocquart, Intendant of 
New France, in two Patents of concession, one dated x\pril 20, 1743, 
and the other, April 1, 1745, both together comprising a tract of land 
four leagues in front and five in depth and estimated to have contained 
115,000 acres. It, "situate in the said Colony on Lake Champiain 
opposite Fort St. Frederic," extended north and embraced the present 
towns of Panton, Addison, and Bridport, and the towns east of them, 
(Documentary History of New York, (quarto), 1 — 351, 352, 375). 
This Seigniory was sold to M. Michael Chartier, Seigneur of Lotbiniere, 
the deed of sale bearing date April 7, 1763, for the sum of nine thousand 
livres, (p. 352). See map facing p. 368, Vol. I, Documentary History 
of New York; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:119-132. 
See also Avery's Gores, ante. 



HOLLAND. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Timothy Andrews and fifty-nine associates, Oct. 26, 1779, ante 
P-94- 



APPENDIX 305 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:231; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 284; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 91; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 73; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 146; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 21 ; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 
89; Land Records, p. 527-8; State Papers Vt., 1:84. 



HOOSICK. — A New York patent dated June 2, 1688, and which 
was claimed by New York partisans to have covered lands in the town 
of Pownal. For a discussion of this patent, see H. Hall's Early History 
of Vermont, pp. 487, 488. 



HOPKINS GORE. — In the Report of Land Commissioners to the 
Governor and Council, March 15, 1788, among others was the following 
Order and Decree: "To Doct. Roswell Hopkins Eleven Thousand & 264 
acres in such part of the Gore marked Hopkins Gore as he shall choose, 
Granted Oct. 27 th 1787," (Governor and Council, III — 179,180). 
Hopkinsville was chartered Oct. 27, 1790, and contained 11,264 acres. 
Hopkinsville was sometimes called Hopkins Grant (which see), and in 
the charter of Pearsall's Gore, dated Nov. 4, 1791, a monument in the 
east corner of Hopkinsville is marked east corner of Hopkintonia. Hop- 
kinsville, Hopkins Grant, and Hopkintonia are one and the same tract 
of land, and Hopkins Gore probably included in addition the 3,936 acres 
east of this tract chartered to Thomas Pearsall in 1791. 



HOPKINS GRANT.— Same as Hopkinsville. Governor and 
Council, III — 203. 



HOPKINSVILLE. — Vermont grant of 11,264 acres to Roswell 
Hopkins, Oct. 27, 1790, ante p. 96. Burke Tongue annexed and both 
incorporated into Kirby, (Laws of 1807, p. 71). State Papers Vt., 1:84. 

See Kirby. 



HUBBARDTON.— Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Isaac Searle and sixty-seven associates, June 
15,1764, (State Papers N. H., 26:228). New York patent of 4,000 
acres issued May 26, 1772, by Gov. Tryon to Charles Nichol embraced 



306 appendix 

land now in Hubbardton; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:156. Part annexed to Sudbury, (Laws of 1806, p. 120). Annexation 
of part of Castleton to part of Hubbardton for school purposes legalized, 
(Laws of 1869, p. 294). 

Sketches of the History of Hubbardton, Amos Churchill, 1855; 
Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:746; 4:1169; Child's 
Rutland Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 138; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 91; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 73; Dem- 
ing's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 146; Coolidge and Mansfield's History 
of New England, i860, p. 821; State Papers Vt., 1:85; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1921, 1:247. 



HULTON. — New York grant of 12,000 acres to James Abeel & Co., 
by Lt. Gov. Colden, Aug. 1, 1770, covered lands now in Shrewsbury; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, L155. Marked "Abel & Co" 
on map preceding Index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of New York. 



HUNGERFORD.— New Hampshire grant. 
See Sheldon, post. 



HUNT, JONATHAN and ARAD .— Vermont grant of 600 acres 
in Whitingham to above, Oct. 15, 1787, ante p. 218. 



HUNTINGTON.— Town in Chittenden County. New Hamp- 
shire grant as New Huntington of 23,040 acres to Edward Burling and 
sixty-five associates, June 7, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:232). Name 
changed to Huntington Oct. 27, 1795, (Laws p. 9). Part annexed to 
Bolton, (Laws of 1794, pp. 55-57; 1808, p. 135). 

Brief sketch and history of Town of Huntington, James Johns, 1859; 
Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:812; Child's Chittenden 
Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 215; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 93; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 74; Deming's Ver- 
mont Officers, 1918, p. 147; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 824; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 1886, p. 613; 
State Papers Vt., 1:85. 



HUNTSBURGH.— Vermont grant. 

See Franklin, ante. 



APPENDIX 307 

HYDE PARK. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Jedediah Hyde and sixty-four associates, Aug. 27, 1781, 
ante p. 99. Annexation of part from Morristown, (Laws of 1870, p. 570; 
1898, p. 116). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:628; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 91; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 94; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 74; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 148, Coolidge and Mansfield's 
history of New England, 1S60 p. 825; [ras.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 25; 
Land Records, p. 524; State Papers Vt., 1 :86. 



IRA. — Town in Rutland County. Oct. 12, 1780, the petition of 
Lemuel Roberts and thirty-nine associates was filed asking for a grant 
of the District of Ira, ([ms.j Vermont State Papers, 21:187). A grant 
must have been made, for Nov. 9, 1780, the Governor and Council, 
(11:59), fixed the amount of the granting fees and the time for their 
payment at June 1, 1781. 

The granting fees being unpaid Oct. 20, 1783, a committee of the 
General Assembly to whom was referred the question of the right of 
the District of Ira to be represented reported that inasmuch as the dis- 
trict was represented in the convention that formed the constitution 
and had since been represented and taxed, that the district continue to 
be allowed a representative. The report was accepted, ([ms.] Vermont 
State Papers, 22:56) Two years later, however, the following report 
was adopted, Oct. 25, 1785 : 

"The Hon 1 General Assembly now Convened. 

Your committee appointed to confer with his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor Repecting the granting fees of the town of Ira find that the said 
Town was granted in Oct. 1780 — that a charter was to Issue on the 
granting fees being paid — and that the greatest part of Said proprietors 
have as yet Neglected to pay any part thereof although Five years have 
Elapsed Since Said grant — Therefore it is the opinion of your Committee 
that a time be allowed s d proprietors to pay the fees — and upon their 
neglect a charter be made to any person that will appear to pay the same 
— all of which is humbly Submitted by 

Sam 1 Williams for Com. " 
[Ms.] Vermont State Papers, 22:107; Governor and Council, III: 28). 
Oct. 31, 1792, the report of a committee on granting fees of Ira showed 
that only part had been paid, ([ms.] Vermont State Papers, 31:223; see 
also 38:148). There is no record that the granting fees were ever paid 
and probably a charter was never issued. 

New York grant of 5,000 acres of Henry Van Vleck & Co. by Gov. 
Tryon, Nov. 6, 1772, covered lands now in Ira; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1:157. Part of Ira was incorporated with parts of 
Wells, Tinmouth, and Poultney into Middletown, Oct. 31, 1804. Part 



308 APPENDIX 

annexed to part of Poultney for school purposes, (Laws of 1S04, p. 49). 
Part of Clarendon annexed, (Laws of 1854, p. 57). Part annexed to 
Castleton, (Laws of 1904, p. 412); took effect in March, 1905. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:778; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 144; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 95; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 75; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 149; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 826; State Papers Vt., 1 :86. 



IRASBURGH. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Ira Allen and sixty-three associates, Feb. 23, 1781, ante 
p. 101. Part of Lowell annexed, (Laws of 1852, p. 66; 1854, p. 56). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:239; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 288 2 ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 96; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 75; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 149; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 827; [ms.j Chandler, — Atlas, p. 
33 ; Land Records, p. 522; State Papers Vt., 1 :87. 



ISLE LA MOTTE. — Town in Grand Isle County. Vermont grant 
to Benjamin Wait and ninety-five associates, Oct. 27, 1779, ante p. 103. 

Name changed to Vineyard, (Laws of 1802, p. 32). Name changed 
back to Isle La Motte, (Laws of 1830, p. 25). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:554; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 226; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 96; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 76; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 150; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 827; State Papers Vt., 1 :87. 



JACKSON'S GORE. — Vermont grant of 9,700 acres to Abraham 
Jackson and twenty-nine associates, Feb. 23, 1781; by the terms of its 
charter it was annexed to and incorporated into the township of Walling- 
ford, ante p. 105. Oct. 31, 1792, incorporated with parts of Ludlow and 
Wallingford into town of Mt. Holly, (Laws of 1792, pp. 20-23). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 96; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, i85i,p. 154; State Papers Vt., 1:87. 



JAMAICA — Town in Windham County. Vermont grant to 
Samuel Fletcher and sixty-five associates, Nov. 7, 1780, ante p. 106. 



APPENDIX 309 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 423; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 222; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 96; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 76; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 151; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 828; State Papers Vt., 1:87. 
See Camden, (New York grant), ante 



JAY. — Town in Orleans County. The present town of Jay was 
granted by the State of Vermont, March 13, 1780, under the name of 
Wyllis "To the officers of the Connecticut line, being sixty in number. ,r 
(Governor and Council, 11:25). A charter of Wyllis was never issued 
in accordance with this grant, for the reason probably that the granting 
fees were not paid. How and when the town received the name of 
Carthage is a question hard to answer. In 1783 it was called by that 
name, for, Oct. 20 of that year, the salary of Gov. Chittenden for the 
years 1781 and 1782 was ordered to "be paid, the one half in forfeited 
rights of Land in the town of Carthage, at nine pounds per right," etc., 
(Governor and Council, 111:28; [ms.] Vermont State Papers, 31: 108). 
Since 1792 the name of the town has been Jay. Vermont granted 7,600 
acres of the town to His Excellency Thomas Chittenden, Nov. 7, 1792, 
ante p. no, and 15,360 acres to John Jay and John Cozine of New York 
City, by charter dated Dec. 28, 1792, ante p. 108. Line with Richford 
established, (Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160; 1803, p. 60). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:265; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 288; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 97; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
76; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 152; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 828; State Papers Vt., 1 48, 88. 



JERICHO. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Edward Burling and sixty-five associates, June 7, 
! 7^3, (State Papers N. H., 26:236). Part incorporated with parts of 
Williston and New Huntington into Richmond, Oct. 27, 1794, (Laws, 
PP- 55-57). Part united with part of Underhill for school purposes, 
(Laws of 1812, p. 35). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:829; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 223; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 97; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 76; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 152; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 828; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 1886, p. 623; 
History of Jericho, C. H. Hayden, 1916; State Papers Vt., 1:88; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:245. 



3 IO APPENDIX 

JOHNSON. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant to Rev. 
Jon a Edwards, William Samuel Johnson, Charles Chauncey, and sixty- 
two associates, Jan. 2, 1792, ante p. III. Annexation of part of Sterling 
(Laws of 1855, pp. 76-79; 1856, pp. 76-78). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:669; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 104; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 99; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
78; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 153; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, 1S60, p. 830; History of Johnson Oread Literary 
Club, 1907; State Papers, Vt., 1:89. 

See King's College, (New York grant), post. 



JOHNSON'S GORE. — Vermont grant of 5,045 acres to Moses 
Johnson and thirty-two associates Feb. 23, 1782, ante p. 113. Incorp- 
orated into a town by the name of Acton, Nov. 6, 1800, (Laws, p. 29). 
Deming's Vermont Offiers, 185 1, p. 155; State Papers Vt., 1:90. 

See Acton. 



KELLYBROOK. — New York grant of 30,000 acres by Lt. Gov. 
Colden to Luke Knowlton July 20, 1774; covered lands in Fletcher and 
vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1 1157. 



KELLYBURGH. — Mentioned in a petition for a road in [ms.j 
Vermont State Papers, 18-137, and from the direction of the road as 
described in the petition Kellyburgh must have included Kellyvale, or 
Kelly's Grant No. 2, or both. It is evident from a report of a committee 
to assess granting fees that Kellyburgh covered the four tracts chartered 
to John Kelly in 1791. The report of the committee adopted by the 
General Assembly Jan. 25, 1791, is in [ms.j Vermont State Papers, 31 :222, 
and contains the following: "We find the legislature of Vermont on the 
fifth day of March one Thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven made 
a Grant to the said Kelly of Sixty nine Thousand and one hundred Acres 
of land lying in the tract commonly called Kelly burgh. " 



KELLYVALE. — Vermont grant of 31,000 acres to John Kelly of 
the City of New York June 7, 1791, ante p. 117. Kelly's Grant No. 2 
adjoining Kellyvale annexed, (Laws of 1825, p. 33). Name changed 
to Lowell, (Laws of 183 1, p. 11); State Papers Vt., 1:90. 

See Lowell. 



APPENDIX 311 

KELLY'S GRANT NO. 2.— Vermont grant of 6,000 acres to John 
Kelly June 6, 1791, ante p. 114. This tract was situated east of Kelly's 
Grant No. I, which was chartered as Kellyvale. In 1825 Kelly's Grant 
No. 2 was annexed to Kellyvale, (Laws of 1825, p. 33), and both comprise 
the present town of Lowell; State Papers Vt., 1 190. 



KELLY'S GRANT NO. 3.— In March, 1787, Vermont granted to 
John Kelly 69,100 acres of land, 39,000 acres of which was free of fees, 
(Governor and Council, III:i8o; [ms.] Vermont State Papers 31-222). 
Four charters were issued in 1791, three in June comprising 39,000 acres, 
and one Nov. 4, of 30,100 acres, the granting fees for the last having 
been paid Oct. 22, 1791, (Governor and Council, IV:2o). The tract 
which was called No. 3 of Kelly's was the one chartered in Nov., 1791, as 
Belvidere, which see. A fourth tract of 2,000 acres chartered June 8, 
1791, ante p. 115, which with Kellyvale and No. 2 made up the 39,000 
acres, was situated south of Belvidere and west of Johnson and was the 
part of Belvidere incorporated with Coit's Gore and part of Bakersfield 
into the town of Waterville in 1824. See Laws of 1824, p. 17, where it is 
called Belvidere Leg; State Papers Vt., 1 : 90, 91. 

In a petition dated Feb. 26, 1787, ([ms.] Vermont State Papers 
22:137), Kelly gives a list of the tracts of land to which he claims to 
have a New York title and for which he asks the grant of an equivalent 
from Vermont. He also states the Vermont territory in which his lands 
are situated: 







Under New York 


Under the State of Vermont. 


6,000 acres, 


in Warrenstown. 


In Jamaica. 


2,000 


(< 


" Campden. 


" Wardsborough. 


3,000 


<( 


a military patent to Capt. Hamilton. 


" Athens. 


1,000 


« 


" " Col. Cleaveland. 


" Ira. 


5, 000 


<( 


in Kingsborough. 


" Wildersburgh & Montpelier. 


4,000 


" 


" Newbrook. 


" & Williamstown. 


6,500 




" Fincastle. 


" some town southwest of Bethel 
[Stockbridge?]. 


2,000 


M 


" Kelso 


In Middletown. 


8,000 


<« 


" Meath. 


Partly in Cambridge and partly 


3,000 


(( 


" Smithfield. 


Ungranted [vacant. 


8,000 


(( 


" St. George. 


M 


10,000 


" 


" Kellybrook. 


Si 


600 


« 


Two lots in Royalton. 


Royalton under Vermont. 


10,000 


(( 


Goldsbrow Banyar purchased from citizens 



~ in this state and "petitioner as his attorney prays 

69,100 a grant thereof." 



KELLY'S GRANT. — Vermont grant of 12,000 acres by charter 
dated Oct. 30, 1792, the date on which the granting fees were paid, ante 



312 APPENDIX 

p. 116; (Governor and Council, IV:36). This tract with Avery's Grant 
was incorporated into the township of Missiskouie, (Laws of 1801, p. 
78); since 1803 the present town of Troy; State Papers Vt., 1:91. 



KELSO. — New York grant of 21,500 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden 
May 20, 1770; included land in Tinmouth and vicinity; Vermont His- 
torical Society Collections, 1 1154. 



KEMPTON. — New York grant of 16,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden 
to Pierre G. De Peyster & Co., Nov. 24, 1769, in what is now Orange 
County; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. I n town of 
Orange. 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 100; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 156. 



KENT. — New York grant of 26,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to 
John Rogers & Co., Feb. 13, 1770, now Londonderry, including Windham 
and Anderson's Gore probably; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:154. 



KERSBOROUGH— New York grant of 20,000 acres to Archibald 
Hamilton & Co. by Lt. Gov. Colden, Oct. 13, 1770; covered lands in 
Orange Co.; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155. Probably 
what is now Concord and vicinity. 



KILBY. — New York grant of 30,000 acres to Wm. McAdams & 
Co. by Gov. Dunmore, July 3, 1771 ; covered lands in Middlesex and 
vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1 .-156. 



KILLINGTON.— New Hampshire grant. 
See Sherburne, post. 



KINGSBOROUGH.— New York grant of 35,000 acres to John M. 
Scott & Co., by Lt. Gov. Colden, June 25, 1770; covered land in Mont- 
pelier and vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155. 



APPENDIX 313 

KING'S COLLEGE. — New York grant of 20,000 acres by Lt. 
Gov. Colden, Aug. 16, 1774; covered lands in Johnson and vicinity; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Marked "Governors of 
King's College" on map preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary History 
of New York. On this map there is another tract marked "Governors 
of King's College" which covers the present town of Washington, and 
which is marked Kingsland on map facing p. 430, Vol. VIII, of Governor 
and Council. On the New York map there is a third tract marked 
"Kings College C. J. Southrer Esq.," which is in the vicinity of the 
present towns of Worcester and Elmore. 

See Kingsland, post. 



KINGSLAND.— New York grant to King's College, New York 
City, it has been said, though at what date granted does not appear. 
Kingsland embraced the present town of Washington and was un- 
doubtedly a New York grant. It belonged to King's College, Feb. 17, 
1772, for on that date steps were taken toward a settlement of the town. 
It was the shire town of Gloucester County, (Governor and Council, 
1:268, and VIII 13 79). Marked "Governors of King's College" on map 
preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 100; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, i85i,p. 156. 



KINGSTON.— Vermont grant. 

See Granville, ante. 



KIRBY. — Town in Caledonia County. Incorporated out of Burke 
Tongue and Hopkinsville, Oct. 28, 1807, (Laws, p. 71). 

Hemen way's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, L336; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 223; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 100; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 78; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 154; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 831; State Papers Vt., 1:92. 



KNIGHTS GORE.— Vermont grant by act of Nov. 8, 1794, (Laws, 
p. 66). A charter was issued to Samuel Knights of Brattleborough, 
Oct. 27, j 795j of 1,947 acres and of certain islands in the Onion River, 
making in all 2,000 acres, ante p. 120. Annexed to Bakersfield, (Laws of 
1798, p. 40). 



314 APPENDIX 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 100; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 156; State Papers Vt., 1:92. 



KNIGHTS, SAMUEL. — Vermont grant to Samuel Knights of 
Brattleboro, Oct. 27, 1795, °f l SA7 acres (Knights Gore) and certain 
islands in the Onion River, being all the islands below the upper line of 
Middlesex not before granted, in all 2,000 acres, ante p. 120. This 
charter was issued in accordance with act passed Nov. 28, 1794, (Laws, 
p. 66); State Papers Vt., 1:92. 



KNOWLTON'S GORE.— Same as Bakersfield, which see; also 
[ms.] Vermont State Papers, 23 :36s. 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 100; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1851, p. 156; State Papers Vt., 1:92. 



LANDGROVE. — Town in Bennington County. Vermont grant 
to William Utley and twenty-one associates, Nov. 9, 1780, ante p. 122. 
Line with Peru established, (Laws of 1835, p. 29). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:196; Child's Ben- 
nington Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 133; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 101; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 79; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 155; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 831; State Papers Vt., 1:93; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:235. 



LEICESTER. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,000 acres to Aaron Brown and sixty-five associates, Oct. 20 
1761, (State Papers N. H. 26: 240). New York grant of 51,000 acres by 
Gov. Dunmore to A. McLure and fifty others (really a grant by Gov. 
Dunmore to himself), July 8, 1771 ; covered lands chartered by New 
Hampshire in Leicester, Salisbury, Middlebury, Cornwall, and Whiting; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156; H. Hall's Early History 
of Vermont, p. 101. Line with Salisbury established, (Laws of Oct. 
l 7%9-> P- 3 5 x 796> p. 52). Alteration of boundary with Salisbury and 
annexation of part to Salisbury and part of Salisbury to Leicester au- 
thorized, (Laws of 1840, p. 61). Leicester voted to accept the provisions 
of this act, but the volume of records of Town Meetings of Salisbury 
in which the action taken should have been recorded has been for many 
years missing from the Salisbury Clerk's office; and, after diligent search 



APPENDIX 315 

and inquiry, it cannot be found. However, inasmuch as an amendment to 
the Act of 1840 is found in Laws of 1842, page 125, seeking to 
correct a clerical error in the Act of 1S40, the presumption would seem 
to be warranted that the Act of 1S40, as amended in 1842, became 
effective. Union of part of Leicester and part of Salisbury for school 
purposes, (Laws of 1S03, p. 45). 

Hemenway's Vermont Gazetteer, 1:44; Child's Addison Co. Gaz- 
etteer, 1882, p. 119; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 102; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 79; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 155; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 832; State Papers Vt., 1:93; Crockett's History of Vermont, 
1921,1:245. 



LEINSTER. — New York grant of 35,000 acres by Gov. Dun- 
more, July 4, 1771; included lands chartered by New Hampshire in 
Somerset and Woodford; Vermont Historical Society Collections 1:156; 
map preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. 



LEMINGTON. — Town in Essex County. New Hampshire grant 
as Limington of 23,040 acres to Samuel Averiil and sixty-three associ- 
ates, June 29, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:244). P art annexed to 
Canaan, (Laws of 1837, p. 161). Annexation of part to Canaan (Laws 
of 1870, p. 569), for school purposes, Mar. 1872. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:1014; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 457; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 102; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1S49, 
p. 80; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 156; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 833; [ms.] Chandler's Land Records, 
pp. 264-280, 603-4; State Papers Vt., 1 :93. 



LEWIS. — Unorganized town in Essex County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Eleazer Hinman and sixty-three associates, 
June 29, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:248). 



s 
az- 



Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 459; Thompson' 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 103; Hayward's Vermont Gaz 
etteer, 1849, p. 80; Deming's Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 157; [ms.] Chand- 
ler's Land Records, 246-262; State Papers Vt., 1 :94. 



LEYDEN. — New York grant of 24,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden, 
Aug. 7, 1770; covered Northfield and vicinity; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1 :i55. 



316 APPENDIX 

LINCOLN. — Town in Addison County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Col. Benjamin Simonds and sixty-four associates, Nov. 9, 1780, 
ante p. 123. Part annexed to Warren, (Laws of 1824, p. 16). Part of 
Bristol annexed, (Laws of 1824, p. 17). Part of Avery's Gore annexed, 
(Laws of 1847, p. 8). Part of Ripton annexed, (Laws of 1869, p. 288). 
See Ripton for New York grant. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:48; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 122; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 103; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 80; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 157; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 833 ; State Papers Vt., 1 194. 



LINFIELD, LINTFIELD, or LITCHFIELD.— "Linfield" on 
maps in Jeffery's Atlas, 1776, pp. 15, 17, where Royalton is, on map 
preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of New York. The 
date of the latter map is 1779 an ^ does not represent Royal Town as 
claimed by New Hampshire. "Litchfield" is found on map facing 
p. 430 of Vol. VIII, Governor and Council, and room is made for it 
between Royalton and Barnard which are adjoining towns. "Lintfield" 
is in the list of New York grants published in the Rural Magazine in 
1795, 1:90, and copied in Slade's Vermont State Papers, pp. 13, 16, and 
the Provincial and State Papers of New Hampshire X:204 to 207, the 
date of the grant being Aug. 4, 1763. But John Kelly "being duly sworn 
on the Holy Evangelists" testified in the city of New York on the 6th 
day of March, 1 771, that he had in his possession a map procured in New 
Hampshire as an authentic draft of the lands granted by Gov. Went- 
worth in Vermont with the dates of the patents, and Lintfield does not 
appear in his list; Vol. IV, (octavo) Documentary History of New York, 
pp. 704-707. There are other differences between these lists as pointed 
out in Governor and Council, VIII: 364 to 366, but the copy of charters 
in the Secretary of State's office at Montpelier, Vt., which was certified 
to by the Secretary of State of New Hampshire in 1857 as correct, and 
supposed to include all grants in Vermont territory, has all the towns on 
both the lists above mentioned except Lintfield. 



LITTLETON.— Vermont grant. 

See Waterford, post. 



LONDONDERRY. — Town in Windham County. Vermont grant 
to Edward Akin, Samuel Fletcher, and Joseph Tyler, April 20, 1780, 
ante p. 127. Part incorporated with Mack's Leg into Windham, but 



APPENDIX 



317 



the latter not allowed a representative in the General Assembly, (Laws 
of Oct., 1795, p. 21). Part of Windham annexed, (Laws of Oct., 1797, 
p. 21). Windham allowed a representative, (Laws of 1804, p. 16). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part III, p. 15; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1S84, p. 238; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 103; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 80; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 158; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 833 ; State Papers Vt., 1 195, Crockett's 
History of Vermont, 192 1, 1:243. 



LOWELL. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant as Kelly- 
vale to John Kelly. Name changed to Lowell, (Laws of 183 1, p. 11). 
Part annexed to Irasburgh, (Laws of 1852, p. 66; 1854, p. 56.) Annexa- 
tion of part to Montgomery, (Laws of 1858, p. 48). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3-269; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 28S* 5 ; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 104; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 81 ; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 159; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 834; State Papers Vt., 1:95. 

See Kellyvale 



LUDLOW. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
of 24,000 acres to Jacob Lee and sixty-four associates Sept. 16, 1761. 
(State Papers N. H. 26:252). Part annexed to Mt. Holly, (Laws of 
Oct., 1792, pp. 20-23). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 150; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 104; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 81; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 159; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 835; State Papers Vt., 1:96. 



LUNENBURGH.— Town in Essex County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to David Page and sixty-nine associates, July 5, 
l 7&3y (State Papers N. H., 26:257). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:1015; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 459; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 107; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p.82; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 160; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 837; State Papers Vt., 1:96. 



3 18 APPENDIX 

LUTTERLOH.— Name changed to Albany in 1815. See Albany. 



LYNDON. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant to Jon a 
Arnold and fifty-two associates, Nov. 20. 1780, ante p. 129. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:338; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 229; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 108; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 82; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 161; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, 1S60, p. 838; sketch of Lyndon, Jonathan Green- 
leaf; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 45; Land Records p. 541; State Papers 
Vt., 1:97. 



MACK'S LEG or MARK'S LEG.— Gore of land in Windham Co., 
incorporated with a part of Londonderry into Windham, Oct. 22, 1795,- 
(Laws, p. 21). 



MAIDSTONE. — Town in Essex County. New Hampshire grant 
of 25,000 acres to Agur Judson and sixty-three associates, Oct. 12, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:261). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:1025; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 477; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 108; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 82; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 162; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 838; [ms.] Chandler's Land Records,. 
pp. 282-8, 563-4; State Papers Vt., 1:97; Crockett's History of Vermont,. 
1921,1:241. 



MALDEN. — Where Vershire now is. Supposed to be a New 
Hampshire grant, (Governor and Council, VIII 1366) . See also map 
facing page 430 of Vol. VIII, Governor and Council. Gageborough was 
the New York grant covering the same territory. Maiden is found on a 
map in Jeffery's Atlas, printed in 1776, pp. 15, 17. 



MANCHESTER.— Town in Bennington County. New Hamp- 
shire grant of 23,040 acres to Ephraim Cowen and sixty-three associates, 
Aug. 11, 1761. (State Papers N. H., 26:265). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:198; Child's Benning- 



APPENDIX 319 

ton Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 136; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 109; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 83; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918 p. 163; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 839; Early History of Manchester, Loveland Munson, 
1876; State Papers Vt., 1:98; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1 :220. 

See under Princetozvn, (New York grant), post. 



MANSFIELD. — New Hampshire grant of 23,040 acres, June 8, 
1763, to Jeremiah Fravise and sixty-four associates, (State Papers N.H., 
26:514). Part annexed to Underhill, (Laws of 1839, p. 86). Authorized 
to be annexed to Stowe, (Laws of 1848, pp. 11-13); repealed in part, 
(Laws of 1853, pp. 59-61). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:680; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 109; Hayward's Vermont Gaz- 
etteer, 1849, p. 83; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 164; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 840; State Papers 
Vt., 1:98. 



MARLBORO. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant as Marleborough of 23,040 acres to Timothy Dwight and sixty 
associates, April 29, 175 1. Charter renewed Sept. 21, 1761. Regranted 
as New Marlborough, April 17, 1764; (State Papers N. H. 26:269-279). 
Line with Dover and Marlboro established, (Laws of 185 1, p. 68; 1852, p. 
66). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetter, Vol. V, Part II, p. 441; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetter, 1884, p. 248; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. no; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849; 
p. 83; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 164; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 841 ; State Papers Vt., 1 :99; Crockett's 
History of Vermont, 1921, 1:214. 



MARSHFIELD. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant 
Oct. 16, 1782. Charter issued to the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, 
June 22, 1790, ante p. 133. Part of Harris Gore annexed, (Laws of 1890, 
p. 276). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:197; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 284; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 112; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 84; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, I9i8,p. 165 ;Coolidge and Mansfield's History 
of New England, i860, p. 842; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 71; Land Re- 
cords, p. 538; State Papers Vt., 1 :99. 



320 



APPENDIX 



MARVIN'S GORE. — Vermont grant by act passed Nov. 4, 1793^ 
Charter issued for 787 acres to Ebenezer Marvin of Huntsburgh, Oct. 
27, 1801, ante p. 134. It was situated between that part of Highgate 
which was formerly Alburgh Gore and Huntsburg (now Franklin) and 
was annexed to Highgate in i8c6, (Laws of 1S06, p. 11). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 112; State 
Papers Vt., 1 199. 



MEATH. — New York patent of 25,000 acres issued by Lt. Gov.. 
Colden to Josiah Willard & Co., Feb. 11, 1775. Embraced territory 
in Fairfield and vicinity chartered by New Hampshire in 1763; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1 1157. Marked "Josiah Willard & Co.," 
on map preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York- 



MECKLENBURGH.— New York grant of 30,000 acres by Gov. 
Dunmore to Geraldus W. Beekman, June 26, 177 1. Embraced territory 
chartered by New Hampshire in 1762 — Ferrisburg and vicinity; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1 1155. 



MEDWAY. — Vermont grant of 8,890 acres to Joseph Bouker and 
thirty-three associates, Feb. 23, 1781, ante p. 135. Mistake in charter 
rectified Oct. 30, 1794, (Laws, p. 134). Parker's Gore annexed and name 
changed to Parkerstown Nov. 7, 1804, (Laws, p. 121). Now Mendon, 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 112; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 166; State Papers Vt., 1 :ioo. 



MENDON. — Vermont grant as Medway. Name changed from 
Parkerstown, (Laws of 1827, p. 38). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3 784; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, p. 148; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 113; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 84; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 166; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 843; State Papers Vt., 1:100. 



MIDDLEBURY. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire 
grant of 25,040 acres to John Evarts and sixty-one associates, Nov. 
2, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:279). 



APPENDIX 321 

Two grants comprising 3,210 acres to Adolphus Benzel by Gov. 
Dunmore of New York, March 13 and 25, 1771, covered lands in Middle- 
bury; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155. Part of Cornwall 
annexed Oct. 25, 1796, (Laws, p. 56). Part united with part of New 
Haven for school purposes, (Laws of 1801, p. 88; 1802, p. 79). Act of 
1802 repealed, (Laws of 181 1, p. 82). Part annexed to Ripton, (Laws 
of 1814, p. 141). 

History of Middlebury, Samuel Swift, 1859; Hemenway's Vermont 
Historical Gazetteer, 1:50; Child's Addison Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 127; 
Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 113; Hayward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 85; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 
166; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 843; 
State Papers Vt., 1:100; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:226. 
See under Leicester for New York grant. 
See Morris field, (New York grant), post. 



MIDDLE HERO. — Vermont grant as part of Two Heroes to 
Ethan Allen, Samuel Herrick, and three hundred and sixty-three others 
Oct. 27, 1779, ante p. 192. Two Heroes divided into North and South 
Hero, providing that they shall have jointly one representative in the 
legislature, Oct. 25, 1788, (Laws, p. 7). Providing clause repealed and 
each allowed a representative Jan. 18, 1791, (Laws, p. 4). 

Nov. 7, 1798, South Hero was divided, and the north part of the 
island was incorporated as Middle Hero, but both towns were jointly 
represented in the Assembly by one member, (Laws of 1798, pp. 42-44), 
until 1 8 10 when Middle Hero was first represented by Asa Lyon. Cer- 
tain islands annexed, (Laws of 1800, p. 30). Name changed to Grand 
Isle, (Laws of 18 10, p. 169). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 115; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 161; State Papers Vt., 1:101. 



MIDDLESEX. — Town in Washington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Jacob Rezeau and sixty-two associates, June 
8, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:283) New York grant by Gov. Dunmore 
of 30,000 acres as Kilby to William McAdams and others July 3, 1771, 
was of land now Middlesex and vicinity; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections, 1:156. Part annexed to Waterbury, (Laws of 1850, p. 46). 
Line with Moretown established, (Laws of 1906, p. 257). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:222; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 302; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 115; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 85; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 167; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 847; State Papers Vt., 1:101. 



322 APPENDIX 

MIDDLESEX. — New York grant by Lt. Gov. Colden of 35,000 
acres (where Randolph and Bethel now are), to Augustus Van Cortlandt, 
Jan. 22, 1770; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1 :I54- 



MIDDLETOWN.— Incorporated Oct. 28, 1784, out of parts of 
Wells, Tinmouth, Poultney, and Ira, (Laws, R., 1797). Name au- 
thorized to be changed to Middletown Springs, (Laws of 1S84, p. 269). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:794; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1S82, p. 151; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 115; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 86; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 168; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, 1S60, p. 848; History of Middletown, Barnes Frisbie; State 
Papers Vt., 1:101. 



MIDDLETOWN SPRINGS— Town in Rutland County. Author- 
ization of change of name from Middletown, (Laws of 1884, p. 269). 

See Middletown. 



MILTON. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Samuel and Isaac Rogers and sixty-one associates, 
June 8, 1763, (State Papers, N. H., 26:287). So much of Colchester as 
lies north and west of Lamoille river annexed, (Laws of 1868, p. 309). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, L839; Child's Chitten- 
een Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 238; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 1886, 
p. 636; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 116; Hay- 
ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 86; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 169; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 
848; State Papers Vt., 1 :ioi. 



MINDEN. — Vermont grant of a township six miles square to 
Timothy Newell, Ebenezer Crafts, and sixty-one associates, Aug. 23, 
1781, ante p. 136. Name changed to Craftsbury, (Laws of 1790, p. 6). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 117; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 1 14; State Papers Vt., 1 :io2. 

See Craftsbury. 



APPENDIX 323 

MINEHEAD. — New Hampshire grant of 23,040 acres to Rev. 
Noah Waddams and sixty-three associates, June 29, 1762 (State Papers 
N. H., 26:39). Name changed to Bloomfield, (Laws of 1830, p. 26). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 117; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 87; State Papers Vt., 1:103. 

See Bloomfield. 



MINTO. — New York grant of 30,000 acres to Andrew Elliott by 
Gov. Tryon, Oct. 9, 1772. This patent covered lands in Richmond 
and vicinity chartered by New Hampshire in 1763; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1:157. 



MISSISQUOI. — Incorporated out of Kelly's and Avery's grants, 
Oct. 28, 1 801, (Laws, p. 78). Name changed to Troy, Oct. 26, 1803, 
(Laws, p. 6). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 117, (Missisco); 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 232; State Papers Vt., 1:103. 

See Troy. 



MONCKTON. — New York patent of 23,000 acres granted by Gov. 
Dunmore to Abraham Lott, April 30, 1771 ; covered lands granted by 
New Hampshire in 1763, in the present town of Whiting; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:155. 



MONKTON. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant 
of 24,000 acres to Abraham Dow and sixty-three associates, June 24, 
1762, (State Papers N. H., 26:291). Part annexed to Starksboro, March 
4> I 797> (Laws, p. 47). Part annexed to Starksboro, (Laws 1908, p. 183). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:65; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 156; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 117; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 87; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 170; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 849; State Papers Vt., 1:104; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 192 1, 1:246. 



MONROE. — Vermont grant as Woodbury of a township six miles 
square to William Lyman and Col. Ebenezer Wood and sixty-three 



324 APPENDIX 

associates, Aug. 16, 1781, ante p. 229. Name changed from Wood- 
bury, (Laws of 1838, p. 7). Name changed back to Woodbury, (Laws of 
1843, p. 27). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 119; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 261; State Papers Vt., 1:104. 



MONTGOMERY. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant 
of 23,040 acres to Stephen R. Bradley and fifty-nine others, Oct. 8, 
1789, in accordance with an act passed March 15, 1780, ante p. 138. 
Provision made for establishing line with other towns and sale of a gore 
of land between Enosburg, Berkshire, Richford, and Montgomery 
directed, (Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160). So much of Laws of 1802, pp. 
158-160, as directs sale of gore of land between Berkshire and Richford 
repealed, (Laws of 1803, p. 60). Part of Lowell annexed, (Laws of 
1858, p. 48). Part of Avery's Gore annexed, (Laws of 1858, p. 50). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:469; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 140; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 118; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 87; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 170; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 850; State Papers Vt., 1:104. 



MONTPELIER. — City in Washington County. Vermont grant, 
Oct. 21, 1780. Charter issued in accordance therewith to Timothy 
Bigelow and fifty-nine associates, but not defining the boundaries of 
the township, Aug. 14, 1781, ante p. 140. Feb. 6, 1804, a new charter 
was issued in accordance with act passed Feb. 1, 1804, (Laws, pp. 22-24), 
defining the bounds of grant of 23,040 acres, ante p. 141. Seat of govern- 
ment located. at, (Laws of 1805, p. 215). Divided into Montpelier and 
East Montpelier, (Laws of 1848, pp. 5-7; 1859, pp. 146-148). City in- 
corporated, (Laws 1894, p. 177-200); organized Mar. 5, 1895. Part of 
Berlin annexed, (Laws 1898, p. 118). Boundaries, Laws of 1896, p. 170; 
1900, p. 134. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:251; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 320; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 119; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 88; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 171; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 820; D. P. Thompson's History of 
Montpelier, i860; Vermont Watchman, Souvenir Edition Devoted to 
Montpelier, 1893 ; State Papers Vt., 1 :io5- 

See Kingsborough, (New York grant), ante. 



APPENDIX 325 

MOORETOWN.— New York grant of 25,000 acres to Wm. Smith 
by Lt. Gov. Colden, May 3, 1770; Vermont Historical Society Col- 
lections, 1 1154. Name changed to Bradford, Oct. 23, 1788, (Laws, p. 9). 
Deming's Vermont Offices, 1918, p. 89. 



MORETOWN. — Town in Washington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Jonah Forster and sixty-four associates, June 
7, 1763, (State Papers N. H. 26:295). Part annexed to Duxbury for 
school purposes, (Laws of 1802, p. 89). Repealed, (Laws of 1822, p. 
95). Line with Middlesex established, (Laws of 1906, p. 257). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:593 ; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 399; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 121; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 89; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 172; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 853; State Papers Vt., 1 :io5- 



MORGAN. — Name changed from Caldersburgh, Oct. 19, 1801, 
(Laws, p. 82). Line established with Wenlock, Jan. 31, 1804, (Laws p. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:282; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 288 29 ; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 121; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
89; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 173; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 853; [ms.] Chandler's Land Records, 
437, 553-45 State Papers Vt., 1:106. 



MORRISFIELD. — New York grant of 21,940 acres by Gov. Dun- 
more to G. H. Ludlow, June 21, 1771. Embraced territory chartered by 
New Hampshire in 1761 as Cornwall and Middlebury; Vermont Histori- 
cal Society Collections, I :i55. 



MORRISTON. — Appears as a New York grant on map facing p. 
430, Vol. VIII, Governor and Council, covering lands in the vicinity of 
the present towns of Brandon and Goshen, and is marked "Monckton" 
on map preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of New York. 



326 APPENDIX 

MORRISTOWN.— Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Dr. Moses Morse and sixty-four associates, Aug. 24, 
1781, ante p. 143. Part of Sterling annexed, (Laws of 1855, pp. 76-79; 
1856, pp. 76-78). Part annexed to Hyde Park, (Laws of 1870, p. 570; 
1898, p. 116). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:680; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 114; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 122; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 90; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 173; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 853; [ms.J Chandler, — Atlas, 
p. 21; Land Records, p. 547; State Papers Vt., 1:106. 



MOUNT HOLLY.— Town in Rutland County. Incorporated from 
Jackson's Gore and parts of Ludlow and Wallingford, Oct. 31, 1792, 
(Laws, pp. 20-23). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:845; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 157; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 123; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 90; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 174; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 855; State Papers Vt., 1:107. 



MOUNT TABOR.— -Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire 
grant as Harwich of 23,040 acres to Jonathan Willard and sixty-one 
associates, Aug. 28, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:299). Name changed 
from Harwich, (Laws of 1803, p. 68). Part of Peru annexed, (Laws of 
1805, p. 19). Part annexed to Dorset, (Laws of 1825, p. 25 j 1832, p. 25). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:866; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 164; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 123; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 91; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 19 18, p. 175; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 856; State Papers Vt., 1:82, 107. 



NAVY. — Vermont grant of 23,040 acres to Abraham Whipple, 
Esq., and sixty-three associates, Nov. 10, 1780, ante p. 145. Name 
changed to Charleston, Nov. 16, 1825, (Laws, p. 33). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 124; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 106; State Papers Vt., 1:107. 



APPENDIX 327 

NESHOBE. — New Hampshire grant of 23,000 acres to Josiah 
Powers and sixty-five associates, Oct. 20, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 
26:47). Name changed to Brandon, Oct. 20, 1784, (R. 1797). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 124; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 91 ; State Papers Vt., 1 :io8. 



NEWARK. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Col. William Wall and sixty-four associates, Aug. 15, 
178 1, ante p. 146. Formerly in Essex County and annexed to Cale- 
donia County, (Laws of 1824, p. 15). Annexed to Caledonia Probate 
District, (Laws of 1826, p. 21). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:356; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 259; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 124; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
91; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 176; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 856; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 38-9; 
Land Records, pp. 290-307, 594; State Papers Vt., 1:108. 



NEWBROOK. — New York patent of 23,000 acres to Jacobus Van 
Zant and Co., June 13, 1770, of lands now probably in Barre and Wil- 
liamstown; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. 



NEWBURY. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant 
to Jacob Bailey and seventy-one associates, May 18, 1763. (State 
Papers N. H., 26:303). New Hampshire charter confirmed by New York 
March 19, 1772, (25,000 acres); Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:156. Vermont post-office established, March 9, 1787, (Laws, p. 
116). Repealed, Nov. 10, 1797, (R. 1797, Repeals). Line with other 
towns established, Nov. 4, 1799, (Laws, p. 17; 1801, p. 88; 1802, p. 48). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:915; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 269; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 124; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 91; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 176; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 856; Days of Old, S. L. Bates; Well's History of 
Newbury, 1902; State Papers Vt., 1:109. 



NEWFANE. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire grant 
as Fane of 23,040 acres to Abner Sawyer and sixty-eight associates, 
June 19, 1753. Regranted as New Fane to Benj. Flagg and sixty-four 
associates, Nov. 3, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:307-315). NewHamp- 



328 APPENDIX 

shire charter confirmed by New York May 11, 1772, (20,000 acres). 
Part annexed to Brookline, (Laws of 1820, p. 41). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 455; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 255; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 126; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 92; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 177; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 860; Town of Newfane, 
1877. State Papers Vt., 1:109; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1:228. 



NEW FLAMSTEAD.— New Hampshire grant. 
See Chester, ante. 



NEW HAVEN. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire 
grant of 25,040 acres to John Evarts and sixty-one associates, Nov. 2, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., p. 315). New York patent issued by Gov. 
Dunmore for 7,000 acres to Col. John Reid, June 7, 1771, embraced land 
now in Panton and New Haven; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:155. New Haven Gore annexed, (Laws of 1790, p. 2). Part of New 
Haven incorporated into the city of Vergennes, Oct. 23, 1788, (Laws, pp. 
H-19). Part annexed to Vergennes, Nov. 1, 1791, (Laws, p. 5). Part 
annexed to Weybridge, Oct. 25, 1791, (Laws, p. 6). Act of Nov. 1, 
1791, annexing part to Vergennes repealed Oct. 31, 1796, (Laws, pp. 
53-55), and that part incorporated into town of Waltham. Parts of 
New Haven and Middlebury united for school purposes, (Laws of 1801, 
p. 88; 1802, p. 79). Act of 1802 repealed, (Laws of 181 1, p. 82). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:68; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer. 1882, p. 163; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 127; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 93 ; Deming's Ver- 
mont Officers, 191 8, p. 178; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 861; State Papers Vt., 1:110; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:236. 



NEW HAVEN GORE.— Bounded north on Monkton, east on 
Bristol, south on New Haven, and west on Ferrisburg. Annexed to 
New Haven, Oct. 21, 1790, (Laws, p. 2); State Papers Vt., 1:110. 



NEW HUNTINGTON. — New Hampshire grant of 23,040 acres to 
Edward Burling and sixty-five associates, June 7, 1763, (State Papers 



APPENDIX 329 

N. H., 26:232). Part incorporated, with parts of Jericho and Williston, 
into Richmond, and parts of Avery's and Buel's Gores and part of Wil- 
liston annexed Oct. 27, 1794, (Laws, pp. 55-57). Part annexed to Bol- 
ton, Oct. 27, 1794, (Laws, pp. 55-57; 1808, p. 135). Name changed to 
Huntington Oct. 27, 1795, (Laws, p. 9). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 128; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 147; State Papers Vt., 1:1 11. 



NEWPORT, CITY OF.— City in Orleans County. Incorporated 
from the towns of Newport and Derby, (Laws of 1917, pp. 298-319); 
organized March 15, 1918. 



NEWPORT. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant as Dun- 
cansborough of 23,040 acres to Nathan Fisk, George Duncan, and 
sixty-three associates, Oct. 30, 1802, ante p. 62. Name changed to 
Newport, (Laws of 18 16, p. 38). Line established with Derby, (Laws of 
1868, p. 310). So much of Province Island as lies within the state 
annexed, (Laws of 1845, p. 6). Auditor of Accounts authorized to sell 
Province Island, (Laws of 1865, p. 244). Coventry Leg and part of 
Salem annexed, (Laws of 18 16, p. 129); Coventry Gore annexed, (Laws 
of 1894, p. 406); part incorporated into the City of Newport, (Laws of 
1917, pp. 298-319). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3 1293 ; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 288 34 ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 128; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 93; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 179; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 862: [ms.] Chandler's 
Land Records, pp. 515-6; State Papers Vt., 1:63, III. 



NEWPORT. — Is found on map preceding index to Vol. I, Docu- 
mentary History of New York, as a town between Strafford and Sharon, 
and it also appears on map facing p. 430, Vol. VIII, Governor and Coun- 
cil, as a New York grant. Not to be confounded with Newport, a town 
in Orleans County. 



NEW RUTLAND. — New York grant of 23,000 acres by Lt. Gov. 
Colden to Nathan Stone & Co., Sept. 8, 1774; covered Sheldon chartered 
by New Hampshire; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. 
Marked " Nathan Stone & Co. " on map preceding index to Vol. I, Docu- 
mentary History of New York. 



. 



330 APPENDIX 

NEWRY. — New York grant by Gov. Dunmore, June 24, 1 771, of 
37,000 acres, covering land in Sherburne and vicinity; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1 1155. 



NORBURY. — New York patent of 32,000 acres issued April 14, 
1772, by Gov. Tryon to himself in the names of Edmund Fanning and 
others. This township was situated in the vicinity of the towns of 
Worcester and Calais. 

Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156; H. Hall's Early 
History of Vermont, p. 103. 



NORFOLK. — Vermont grant of the northeasterly corner of the 
state to Bezaleel Woodward and eleven associates Feb. 27, 1782, ante 
p. 148. Annexed to Canaan, (Laws of 1801, p. 95). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 128; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1851, p. 167; [ras.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 103; Land 
Records, pp. 561-2; State Papers Vt., 1 1112. 



NORTHFIELD. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant 
to Joel Matthews and sixty-four associates, Aug. 10, 1781, ante p. 149. 
East part of Waitsfield annexed, (Laws of 1822, p. 35; 1823, p. 4; 1846, 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:612; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 406; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 128; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 93; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 180; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 863; Gregory's History of Northfield, 
1878; Looking Backward, White; State Papers Vt., i:ii2» 
See Ley den, (New York grant). 



NORTH HERO. — Town in Grand Isle County. Vermont grant 
as part of Two Heroes to Ethan Allen, Samuel Herrick, and three 
hundred and sixty-three associates, Oct. 27, 1779, ante p. 192. Two 
Heroes divided into North and South Hero, but to be jointly represented 
in the legislature, Oct. 25, 1788, (Laws, p. 7). Each allowed a repre- 
sentative, Jan. 18, 1791, (Laws, p. 4). Butler's and Knight's Islands 
annexed, (Laws of 1821, p. 203). Hyde's Island, formerly Wood's 
Island, annexed, (Laws of 1822, p. 35). Wood's Island annexed to St. 
Albans, (Laws of 1845, p. 6). 



APPENDIX 331 

Hememvay's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:563; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1SS3, p. 230; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 129; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 94; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 1S0; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, 1S60, p. S64; State Papers Vt., 1:113. 



NORTON. — Town in Essex County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Timothy Andrus and fifty-nine associates Oct. 26, 1779, ante 
p. 151. Annexed to Essex County, (Laws of 1842, p. 126). Act to 
organize, (Laws of 1884, p. 252). First represented in the legislature in 
1886. 

Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, p. 482; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 129; Hayward's Vermont Gaz- 
etteer, 1849, p. 94; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 181; [ms.] 
Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 109-10; Land Records, pp. 439-448, 549-550; 
State Papers Vt., 1:113. 



NORWICH. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
as Norwhich of 23,000 acres to Eleazer and Ebenezer Wales and sixty- 
two associates July 4, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:3 19). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 158; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 129; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849,. 
p. 94; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 182; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 865; History of Norwich, Goddard 
and Partridge, 1905; State Papers Vt., 1:113; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:214-18. 



ORANGE — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Amos Robinson, Esq., Capt. Ebenezer Green and sixty-three 
associates Aug. 11, 1781, ante p. 153. Line with Barre established Nov. 
4> x 799> (Laws, p. 17). Repealed Nov. 6, 1801, (Laws, p. 88). Boun- 
daries established Nov. 3, 1802, (Laws, p. 48). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:956; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 327; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 131; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 95; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 183 ; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 867; State Papers Vt., 1:115. 

See Truro, (New York grant), post, and Kempton, (New York grant), 
ante. 



33 2 



APPENDIX 



ORLEANS. — Name changed from Coventry, (Laws of 1 841, p. 
61). Name changed back to Coventry, (Laws of 1843, p. 28). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 132; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 113. 



ORWELL. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant of 
23,500 acres to Benjamin Underhill and sixty-three associates Aug. 18, 
1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:323). New York grant of 3,000 acres by 
Lt. Gov. Colden to Alexander Wallace July 31, 1770, embraced lands 
now in Orwell; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155. An- 
nexed to Addison County, (Laws of 1847, p. 7). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:73; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, p. 182; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 133; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 96; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 183 ; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 868; History of Orwell, Roswell Bottum, 1881; State Papers Vt., 
1:115. 



PAGNELL. — Is found on map preceding index to Vol. I, Docu- 
mentary History of New York, as a town between Thetford and Nor- 
wich; it also appears as a New York grant on map facing p. 430, Vol. 
VIII, Governor and Council. 



PANTON. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant of 
25,000 acres to James Nichols and sixty-nine associates Nov. 3, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:327). NewYork grant of 7,000 acres by Gov. 
Dunmore to Col. John Reid, June 7, 1771, covered lands in Panton and 
New Haven chartered by New Hampshire in 1761; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1:155. New York grant of 10,000 acres by Gov. 
Dunmore June 14, 1771, also covered lands in Panton. Agreement 
with Addison Oct. 24, 1785, (R. 1797, App.). Part incorporated into 
the City of Vergennes Oct. 23, 1788, (Laws, pp. 11-19). Part annexed 
to Weybridge, (Laws of 1806, p. 28). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:77; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 191; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 135; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 97; Deming's Ver- 
mont Officers, 1918, p. 184; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 870; State Papers Vt., 1:116; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:221. 



APPENDIX 333 

PARKER'S GORE.— Vermont grant by act of Oct. 22, 1793. 
Charter of 3,000 acres issued to Jonathan Parker Nov. 4, 1796, ante 
p. 154. Annexed to Medway and both incorporated into Parkerstown 
Nov. 7, 1804, (Laws, p. 121). Annexed to Sherburne, (Laws of 1822, 
p. 35). Titles confirmed to grantees, (Laws of 1846, p. 6; ante p. 155. 
The part "No Town" not claimed by Sherburne annexed to Stockbridge, 
(Laws of 1884, p. 270). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 135; State 
Papers Vt., 1:116. 



PARKERSTOWN.— Incorporated out of Parker's Gore and Med- 
way Nov. 7, 1804, (Laws p. 121). Parker's Gore annexed to Sherburne, 
(Laws of 1822, p. 35). Part annexed to part of Rutland for school 
purposes, (Laws of 1822, p. 36). Name changed to Mendon, (Laws 
of 1827, p. 38). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 135; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 169; State Papers Vt., 1:116. 



PAWLET. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant of 
23,040 acres to Jonathan Willard and sixty-one associates, Aug. 26, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:331). New York grant of 2,000 acres by 
Lt. Gov. Colden to John Thompson, June 19, 1775, covered lands in 
Pawlet granted by New Hampshire in 1761; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections, 1:157. Provision for establishing line with Rupert, (Laws 
of 1809, p. 93). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3 :870; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 166: Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 135; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 97; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 185; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 870; Pawlet for One Hundred Years, Hill Hollis- 
ter, 1867; State Papers Vt., 1:117; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1:210. 

See Eugene ', (New York grant), ante. 



PEACHAM. — Town in Caledonia County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to David Smith and sixty-nine associates, Dec. 31, 
x 763, (State Papers N. H., 26:335). P art °f Deweysburgh annexed, 
(Laws of 1810, pp. 108-1 10). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:358; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 269; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 136; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 



334 APPENDIX 

98; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 186; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 871; [ms.] Chandler's Atlas, pp. 1-3; 
State Papers Vt., 1:117; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:248. 



PEARSALL'S GORE— About 3,936 acres granted by Vermont 
to Thomas Pearsall of the city of New York, Jan. 27, 1791, ante p. 156. 
This gore, though chartered to Pearsall, was one of the tracts granted 
for the purpose of compensating Samuel Avery for the 52,000 acres of 
land he so long sought to obtain and the charter in some way inured to 
Avery's benefit. Incorporated as Bradleyvale, (Laws of 1803, p. 25); 
State Papers Vt., 1:117. 

See Avery's Gores, ante. 



PENRYN. — New York grant of 22,000 acres by Gov. Tryon, 
March 10, 1772, covering lands in Calais and vicinity; Vermont His- 
torical Society Collections, 1:156; map preceding index to Vol. I, Docu- 
mentary History of New York. 



PERU. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire grant as. 
Brumley of 23,040 acres to William Sumner and sixty-five associates,. 
Oct. 13, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:339) Name changed to Peru r 
Feb. 3, 1804, (Laws, p. 34). Part annexed to Mount Tabor, 1805, (Laws^ 
p. 19). Line with Landgrove established, (Laws of 1835, p. 29). 

Hemenway's Vemont Historical Gazetteer, 1 :2o6; Child's Benning- 
ton Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 150; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842,. 
Part III, p. 138; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 98; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 187; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 873; State Papers Vt., 1:117. 



PHILADELPHIA. — Vermont grant to Samuel Beach and sixty- 
four associates, March 16, 1780, ante p. 157. Part of Chittenden^ 
Brandon, and Pittsford joined with part of Philadelphia for school 
purposes, (Laws of 18 12, p. 158). North part annexed to Goshen, 
(Laws of 1814, p. in). Annexed to Chittenden, (Laws of 1816, pp- 
48-50). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 138; Deming's. 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 187; State Papers Vt., 1:118. 



APPENDIX 335 

PITTSFIELD. — Vermont grant to Samuel Willcox, Daniel Kinne, 
Josiah Wright, and one hundred and twenty-seven associates, July 29, 
1 78 1, ante p. 159. Part annexed to Rochester, (Laws of 1806, p. 36; 
1824, p. 16). Part of Stockbridge annexed, (Laws of 18 13, p. 144). 
Parts of Stockbridge and Sherburne annexed, (Laws of 1822, p. 36). 
So much of Pittsfield as was set off from Sherburne, 1822, annexed to 
Sherburne, (Laws of 1827, p. 38). Provision for establishing line with 
Stockbridge, (Laws of 185 1, p. 68), accepted. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:935; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 172; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 138; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 99; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 188; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 874; State Papers Vt., 1:1 18. 



PITTSFORD. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant 
-of 23,040 acres to Ephraim Doolittle and sixty-three associates, Oct. 
12, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:343). Part annexed to part of Phil- 
adelphia for school purposes, (Laws of 1812, p. 158). Part annexed to 
Brandon and part of Brandon annexed to Pittsford, (Laws of 1854, p. 
57). Part incorporated into Proctor, (Laws of 1886, pp. 88-91). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:939; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 178; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 139; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 99; Deming's 
Vemont Officers, 1918, p. 188; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 874; Caverly's History of Pittsford, 1872; State 
Papers Vt., 1:119; Crockett's History of Vermont, 192 1, 1 1231. 
See Sociaiburgh, (New York grant), post. 



PLAINFIELD. — Town in Washington County. Incorporated out 
of St. Andrew's Gore, Nov. 10, 1797, (Laws, p. 64). Goshen Gore 
annexed, (Laws of 1874, p. 380). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:713; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 435; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 140; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 99; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 189; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 875; State Papers Vt., 1:119. 



PLYMOUTH. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
as Saltash of 25,600 acres to Jeremiah Hall and sixty-three associates, 
July 6, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:347). New York grant by Gov. 
Tryon of 25,000 acres confirmed New Hampshire grant, Nov. 8, 1772; 



33^ APPENDIX 

Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Name changed to 
Plymouth, Feb. 23, 1797, (Laws, p. 52). Part annexed to Shrewsbury, 
(Laws of 1823, p. 3). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 169; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 140; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 100; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 190; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 876; State Papers Vt., I: 
119. 



POCOCK. — New Hampshire grant of 23,600 acres to Samuel 
Averill and sixty-three associates, June 26, 1762, (State Papers N. H., 26: 
66). Name changed to Bristol, Oct. 21, 1789, (Laws, p. 2). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 142; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191S, p. 95. 



POMFRET. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,500 acres to Isaac Dana and sixty-five associates, July 8, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:351). Part united with part of Hartford for 
school purposes, (Laws of 1804, p. 54). Part annexed to Sharon, (Laws 
of 1807, p. 7). Line established with Woodstock, (Laws of 1880, p. 231). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 177; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 142; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 100; Deming's Vermont Officers 1918, p. 191 ; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 877; State Papers Vt., 1:120; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1 1237. 



POULTNEY. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Samuel Brown and sixty-three associates, Sept. 21, 
1761, (State Papers N. H. 26:355) New York grant of 12,000 acres, 
Feb. 28, 1771, by Gov. Dunmore embraced lands in Poultney chartered 
by New Hampshire, Sept. 21, 1761; Vermont Historical Society Collec- 
tions, 1:155. Part incorporated with parts of Ira, Tinmouth, and Wells, 
into town of Middletown, Oct. 28, 1784, (R. 1797, App.). Part of Wells 
annexed, (Laws of 1798, p. 38). Part of Ira annexed for school purposes, 
Oct. 31, 1804, (Laws, p. 49). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3 ^64; Child's Rutland 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 183; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 143; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 101; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 192; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 877; Joslin's History of Poultney from Settlement to 
1875; State Papers Vt., 1:120; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921 
1:238. 



APPENDIX 337 

POWNAL. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,000 acres to Seth Hudson and fifty-six associates, Jan. 8, 1760, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:359). Line with Bennington established, (Laws 
of 1800, p. 85). Provision for establishment of line with Stamford, 
(Laws of 1849, p. 26). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:212; Child's Ben- 
nington Co. Gazetteer, 18S1, p. 154; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 144; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 101; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 193; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 878; State Papers Vt., 1:121; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:211. 



PRATTSBURGH— New York grant of 30,000 acres by Gov. Dun- 
more, July 6, 1 771, covering Highgate and Swanton, chartered by New 
Hampshire in 1763; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. 
Marked "Pratsburg" on map preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary 
History of New York," and "Pratsborugh" on map of French and 
English grants facing p. 368 of the same volume, (quarto). 



PRINCETOWN.— A grant made May 21, 1765, by Lt. Gov. 
Colden, of New York, of 26,000 acres to Isaac Vrooman and twenty-five 
others covering part of Arlington, Sunderland, Manchester and Dorset. 
The first patent (except perhaps some military patents) issued by New 
York for land in what is now Vermont. It was issued to the patentees 
for 1,000 acres each as tenants in common and within a few weeks, all 
the patentees except one, Robert Colback, conveyed their shares to 
John Taber Kempe, James Duane, and Walter Rutherford. 

H. Hall's Early History of Vermont, pp. 78-80; map preceding 
index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. 



PROCTOR. — Town in Rutland County. Incorporated out of 
parts of Rutland and Pittsford, (Laws of 1886, pp. 88-91). 

Facts about Proctor, F. C. Partridge, 1886; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 194. 



PROVIDENCE.— See Barton. 



338 APPENDIX 

PROVINCE ISLAND.— In Lake Memphremagog; so much of t 
as lies within the limits of this state annexed to Newport, (Laws of 1845, 
p. 6). Auditor of Accounts authorized to sell, (Laws of 1865, p. 244). 



PUTNEY. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire grant 
of 19, 360 acres to Josiah and Nathan Willard, and forty-eight associates, 
Dec. 26, 1753. Charter renewed June 12, 1760, and July 6, 1761, (State 
Papers N. H., 26:363-369). New York grant of 19,300 acres by Gov. 
Moore, Nov. 14, 1766, confirmed New Hampshire charter of Dec. 26, 
1753; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. Hitchcock's Gore 
comprising 1,000 acres bounded by Athens, Putney, Dummerston, 
Newfane, and Townshend, which was granted by Vermont June 19, 
1783, to David Hitchcock and seven associates, was, by its charter, 
made a part of Putney, ante p. 93. West part incorporated with a part of 
Athens into Brookline, Oct. 30, 1794, (Laws, pp. 124-126). Part an- 
nexed to Brookline, (Laws of 1804, p. 20). Part of Dummerston an- 
nexed, (Laws of 1846, p. 11). Part of Dummerston annexed, (Laws of 
1892, p. 427). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol 5, Part II, p. 217; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 272; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 145; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 102; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 194; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 879; State Papers Vt., I :i2i. 



RANDOLPH. — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant to 
Capt. Aaron Storrs and seventy associates, June 29, 1781, ante p. 162. 
New York grant as Middlesex of 35,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden, Jan. 
22, 1770, covered lands in Randolph and vicinity; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1:154; ma P facing p. 430, of Vol. VIII, Governor 
and Council. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:971; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 339; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 146; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 102; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 19 18, p. 195; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 881; Nickerson and Cox's Historical Souvenir of 
Randolph, 1895; State Papers Vt., 1:122. 

See Wick ham, (New York grant), post. 



RANDOM. — Vermont grant, see Brighton, ante. 
Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 147; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 94; State Papers Vt., I :I22. 



APPENDIX 339 

READING — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,000 acres to Zedekiah Stone and sixty-one associates, July 6, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:369). New York grant of 22,000 acres by Gov. 
Tryon, May 20, 1772, was a confirmation of New Hampshire charter; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 189: Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 147; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 103; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 196; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 8S2; History of Reading, 
Gilbert A. Davis, 1874 and 1903; State Papers Vt., 1:123. 



READSBORO. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire 
grants, one of 2,000 acres to Andrew F. Phillips, Aug. 11, 1764, and one 
of 3,000 acres to Robert Rogers, July 4, 1764, were of lands now in 
Readsboro, (State Papers N. H., 26:373-378). New York grant of 
29,000 acres as Readsborough by Lt. Gov. Colden to John Reade, April 
24, 1770, covered lands now embraced in Readsborough and Searsburg; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. The New York "Town- 
ship of Cumberland" covered Readsboro, which see. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 :2i8; Child's Benning- 
ton Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 164; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 148; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 104; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 196; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 883; State Papers Vt., 1:123. 



< RENSSELAERWICK.— A New York patent dated Nov. 4, 1685, 
which was construed by the New York advocates to cover the south-west 
corner of Vermont. For an elaborate discussion of the New York claim 
see H. Hall's Early History of Vermont, pp. 485, 486. 



RICHFORD. — Town in Franklin County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Jonathan Wells and fifty-nine associates, Aug. 21, 1780, 
ante p. 166. Provision made for establishing line with Berkshire and 
sale of a gore of land between Berkshire, Montgomery, Enosburgh, and 
Richford directed, (Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160). So much of Laws of 
1802, pp. 158-160, as directs sale of a gore of land between Berkshire and 
Richford repealed, (Laws of 1803, p. 60). 

Child's Franklin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 145; 
Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 148; Hayward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 104; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 
197; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 884; 
State Papers Vt. ,1:123. 



340 APPENDIX 

RICHMOND. — Town in Chittenden County. Incorporated out 
of parts of Jericho, Williston, and New Huntington, Oct. 27, i794,(Laws, 
pp. 55-57). Part of Bolton annexed Oct. 25, 1804, (Laws, p. 26). New 
York grant of 30,000 acres as Minto by Gov. Tryon, Oct. 9, 1772, covered 
lands in Richmond and vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:157. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:843; Child's Chit- 
tenden Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 249; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 
1886, p. 656; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 149; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 104; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 198; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 884; State Papers Vt., 1:124; Crockett's History of Vermont, 
1921, 1:248. 



RICHMOND. — New York grant of 24,000 acres by Gov. Dunmore 
to John Davan and company, June 28, 1771; covered Wells and vicinity 
chartered by New Hampshire; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:156; map preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of New 
York. Not the present town of Richmond in Chittenden County. 



RIPTON. — Town in Addison County. Vermont grant of 24,000 
acres to Abel Thompson and fifty-nine associates, April 13, 178 1, ante 
p. 168. New York grant by Lt. Gov. Colden of 24,000 acres to Samuel 
Avery & Co., Aug. 16, 1774, and of 28,000 acres to Humphrey Avery 
& Co., Sept. 6, 1774, covered the towns of Lincoln, Ripton, and Gran- 
ville; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157; map preceding in- 
dex to Vol 1, Documentary History of New York. Part of Middlebury 
annexed, (Laws of 1814, p. 141). Part of Goshen annexed, (Laws of 
1820, p. 41). Part of Salisbury annexed, (Laws of 1832, p. 26). Part 
annexed to Lincoln, (Laws of 1869, p. 288). Part annexed to Bristol, 
(Laws 1912, p. 339). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:85; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 197; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 149; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 104; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 199; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 885; State Papers Vt., 1:124. 



ROCHESTER. — Town in Windsor County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Asa Whitcomb, Dudley Chase, and sixty-three associates, 
July 30, 1781, ante p. 170, 172. Line with Hancock established, Nov. 
6, 1792, (Laws, p. 42). Line with Bethel established, (Laws of 1821. 



APPENDIX 34I 

p. 213). Part of Pittsfield annexed, (Laws of 1806, p. 36; 1824, p. 16). 
Part of Braintree annexed, (Laws of 1824, p. 15). Part of Hancock 
annexed, (Laws of 1834, p. 27.) Parts of Goshen annexed, (Laws of 
1847, p. 7). Part of Hancock authorized to be annexed, (Laws of 1847, 
p. 9). Repealed, (Laws of 1848, p. 9). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 197; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 149; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 105; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 199; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 885; History of Rochester, 
W. W. Williams, 1869; State Papers Vt., 1:124. 



ROCKINGHAM. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Samuel Johnson and sixty-eight associates, 
Dec. 28, 1752, (State Papers N. H., 26:378). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer,' Vol. 5, Part II, p. 495; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 286; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 150; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 105; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 200; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 886; History of Rockingham, 
L. S. Hayes, 1907; State Papers Vt., 1 :i25. 



ROXBURY. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Benjamin Emmons and sixty-four associates, Aug. 
6, 1 78 1, ante p. 174. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:735; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 444; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 151; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 106; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 201; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 888; State Papers Vt., 1 tt'25. 



ROYALTON. — Town in Windsor County. New York grant by 
Lt. Gov. Colden, Nov. 13, 1769, of 30,000 acres, covering land in Royal- 
ton and vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, I :i54- Ver- 
mont grant of 22,320 acres to Comfort Seaver and sixty-two associates, 
Dec. 20, 178 1, ante p. 175. 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 205; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 152; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 107; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 202; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 888; History of Royalton, 
Mary Evelyn Wood Lovejoy, 191 1 ; State Papers Vt., 1 :i2<5; Crockett's 
History of Vermont, 1921, 1:238. 



342 APPENDIX 

RUPERT — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Capt. Samuel Robinson and sixty-one associates, Aug. 
20, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:382). Provision for establishing line 
with Pawlet, (Laws of 1S09, p. 93). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 :22o: Child's Ben- 
nington. Co. Gazetteer, 1881. p. 175; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 152; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 107; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 203; Coolidge. and Mansfield's 
History of New England, 1S60, p. 890; Rupert, G. S. Hibbard, 1898; 
State Papers Vt. 1 1126; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1 1230. 
See Eugene, (New York grant), ante. 



RUTLAND, CITY OF.— City in Rutland County. Part of the 
town of Rutland incorporated into the City of Rutland, (Laws of 1892, 
pp. 111-142); organized Mar. 7, 1893. Part annexed to Town of Rut- 
land, (Laws of 1894, P- 2 4 2 )- Boundaries, Laws, 1906, p. 424; Laws, 
1908, p. 276; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 204. 
See Rutland, Tozcn of. 



RUTLAND, TOWN OF.— Town in Rutland County. New 
Hampshire grant of 26,500 acres to John Murrey and sixty-three asso- 
ciates, Sept. 7, 1761, (State Papers N.H. 26:386). Vermont post-office 
located at, March 9, 1787, (Laws, p. 116). Repealed Nov. 10, 1797, 
(R. 1797, Repeals). Union of parts of Parkerstown and Rutland for 
school purposes, (Laws of 1822, p. 36). Part incorporated into Proctor, 
(Laws of 1886, pp. 88-91). Part incorporated into West Rutland, 
(Laws of 1886, pp. 91-93). Part incorporated into the City of Rutland, 
(Laws of 1892, pp. 1 1 1-142). Part of City of Rutland annexed, (Laws of 
1894, p. 242). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3-1009; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 193; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 153; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 108; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 205; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 891; Rutland, C. K. Williams, 1870; Historical 
Rutland, F. E. Davison, 191 1; State Papers Vt., 1:126; Crockett's 
History of Vermont, 1921, 1:236. 

See Socialburgh, (New York grant), post. 



RYEGATE. — Town in Caledonia County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Richard Jenness and ninety-three associates, Sept. 
8, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:390). Petition to New York for con- 



>„*y . 



APPENDIX 343 

firmation of New Hampshire charter, June 15, 1772, advised to be 
granted when his Majesty's instructions will permit grant to be made 
of said township; Documentary History of New York, IV:478. New 
York grant by Lt. Gov. Golden of 20,000 acres June 20, 1775; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1 :iS7- 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:375; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 18S7, p. 283; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 154; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 109; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 205; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 895; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, 
p. y^; Land Records, p. 520; History of Ryegate, Edward Miller and 
Frederick P. Wells, 191 2; State Papers Vt., 1:127; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1 921, 1:250. 



ST. ALBANS CITY. — City in Franklin County. Incorporated 
from a part of St. Albans Town, (Laws 1896, pp. 179-210); organized 
Mar. 2, 1897. 



ST. ALBx\NS. — Town in Franklin County New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Stephen Pomroy and sixty-thee associates, Aug. 17, 
x 763, (State Papers N. H., 26:439). Line established with Fairfield 
and Swanton, (Laws of 1816, p. 95). Johnson's Island annexed, (Laws 
of 1842, p. 125). Wood's Island annexed, (Laws of 1845, p. 6). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:472; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 159; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 156; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
109; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 206; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 906; State Papers Vt., 1:127; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:248. 

See Tozoishend, (New York grant), post. 



ST. ANDREW'S GORE. — 10,000 acres granted by Vermont to 
James Whitelaw, James Savage, and William Coit, Oct. 26, 1788, ante p. 
221. Earliest appearance as St. Andrew's Gore in the state records is in a 
petition of the inhabitants dated Oct. 31, 1797, asking that the gore be 
incorporated into a town by the name of Piainfield, ([ms.] Vermont State 
Papers, 20:71). In the charter of Goshen, and also in the act in accord- 
ance with which the said charter was issued, (Laws of 1845, pp. 99, 102), 
a monument in the boundary of Goshen Gore "marked St. Andrews 
Gore, Aug. 12, 1788," or "marked St. Andrews corner, 1788." In- 
corporated into a town by name of Piainfield, Nov. 6, 1797, (Laws, p. 64). 



344 APPENDIX 

Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 189; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 156; State Papers Vt., 1:128. 



ST. GEORGE. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Jesse Hallock and sixty-three associates, Aug. 
18, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:443) ante, p. 238. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:851; Child's Chit- 
tenden Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 256 s ; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 
1886, p. 666; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 156; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. no; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, r>. 207; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 
907; State Papers Vt., 1:128. 



ST. GEORGE. — New York grant of 30,000 acres by Lt. Gov. 
Colden to John Woods & Co., Nov. 10, 1774; included lands in Coventry 
and vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Marked 
"John Wood or St. Geo. Township" on map preceding index to Vol. I, 
Documentary History of New York. Not the present town of St. 
George in Chittenden County. 



ST. JOHNSBURY. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant 
to Jonathan Arnold and twenty-two associates, Nov. 1, 1786, ante p. 177. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:386; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 309; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 157; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. no; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 207; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 908; The Town of St. Johnsbury, 
E. T. Fairbanks, 1914; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas p. 6j; Land Records, p. 
544; State Papers Vt., 1 :i29. 

See Bessborough, (New York grant), ante. 



SALEM. — Vermont grant of 23,040 acres to Col. Jacob Davis and 
sixty-four associates, Aug. 18, 1781, ante p. 180. Part annexed to 
Newport, (Laws of 1816, p. 129), remainder annexed to Derby, (Laws 
of 1880, pp. 236-238), effective March 1881. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:306; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 157; Hayward's Vermont Gaz- 
etteer, 1849, p. 112; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 208; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 896; [ms.l Chandler, — 



APPENDIX 345 

Atlas, p. 99; Land Records, pp. 529-530; State Papers Vt., 1:129; annals 
of Salem, White. 

See Gatesborough, ante. 



SALISBURY. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant 
of 25,040 acres to John Evarts and sixty-one associates, Nov. 3, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:394). New York grant by Gov. Dunmore in- 
directly to himself. July 8, 1771, covered lands in Salisbury chartered 
by New Hampshire in 1761; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
I-156; H. Hall's Early History of Vermont, 101, 102. Line established 
with Leicester Oct. 23, 1789. (Laws, p. 3); Nov. 8, 1796, (Laws, p. 52). 
Part united with part of Leicester for school purposes, (Laws of 1803, p. 
45). Alteration of boundary with Leicester and annexation of part to 
Leicester and part of Leicester to Salisbury authorized, (Laws of 1840, 
p. 61; 1842, p. 125). See note under Leicester. Part annexed to Ripton, 
(Laws of 1832, p. 26). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:88; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 200; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 158; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 112; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 209; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 897; Weeks's History of Salisbury, i860; State 
Papers Vt., 1:130, Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:246. 



SALTASH. — New Hampshire grant (State Papers N.H., 26:347). 
Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 159; Deming's Ver- 
mont Officers, 1918, p. 190; State Papers Vt., 1 :i30. 

See Plymouth. 



SANDGATE. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to John Park and sixty-five associates, Aug. 11, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:398). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:229; Child's Ben- 
nington .Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 181; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 159; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 113; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 209; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 898; State Papers Vt., 1:131; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:239. 



346 APPENDIX 

SEARSBURG. — Town in Bennington County. New York grant 
of 29,000 acres to John Reade April 24, 1770, called Readsborough and 
covered the present towns of Readsborough and Searsburg; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:154. Vermont grant of 10,240 acres 
to Col. William Williams and twenty-five associates, Feb. 23, 17S1, 
ante p. 181. Line with Wilmington established, (Laws of 1850, p. 46; 
1852, p. 65; 1853, p : 58). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:231; Child's Ben- 
nington Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 184; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 159; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 113; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 210; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 899; State Papers Vt., 1:131. 



SHAFTSBURY. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to John Brown and sixty-one associates Aug. 20, 
1 761, (State Papers N. H. 26:402). New York grant of 1,800 acres by 
Gov. Dunmore to Ebenezer Cole March 13, 1771, covered lands in Shafts- 
bury chartered by New Hampshire; Vermont Historical Society Col- 
lections, 1:155. 

H. Hall's Early History of Vermont, 80, 81, note, 135, 466; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:153; Hemenway's Vermont Historical 
Gazetteer, 1:231; Child's Bennington Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 190; 
Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 159; Hayward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 113; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 
211; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 899; 
State Papers Vt., 1:131; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1:218. 
See under Arlington, ante, New York grant to Napier. 



SHARON. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant 
of 22,000 acres to John Taylor and sixty-one associates Aug. 17, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H. 26:406). On petition for confirmation of New 
Hampshire charter by New York, see Documentary History of New 
York, IV:477. Part of Pomfret annexed, (Laws of 1807, p. 7). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 216; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 160; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 114; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 212; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 900; State Papers Vt., 1:131; 
Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:221. 



SHEFFIELD. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Stephen Kingsbury and seventy-three associates Oct. 



APPENDIX 347 

25, 1793, ante p. 183. Former surveys legalized, (Laws of 1810, p. 162). 
Part annexed to Barton, (Laws of 1858, p. 51). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:412; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 300; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 160; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 114; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 213; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 900; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, 
pp. 80-1, 91; Land Records, pp. 539-40; State Papers Vt., 1:132. 



SHELBURNE. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,500 acres to Jesse Hallock and sixty-two associates Aug. 
18, 1763, (State Papers N. H.. 26:410). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:854; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 254: Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 1886, 
p. 670; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 160; Hay- 
ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 114; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 213 ; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 
901; State Papers Vt., 1 :i32; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:228. 



SHELDON. — Town in Franklin County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres as Hungerford to Samuel Hungerford and sixty-three 
associates, Aug. 18, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:414). Name changed 
to Sheldon, Nov. 8, 1692, (Laws, p. 71). Line with Highgate, Hunts- 
burg, and Swanton established, (Laws of 1810, p. 160). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2-470; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 152; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 161; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 115; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 214; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 902; State Papers Vt., 1:133. 
See New Rutland, (New York grant), ante. 



SHERBURNE. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant 
as Killington of 24,640 acres to Samuel Yeates and sixty-five associates 
July 7, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:419). Name changed to Sher- 
burne Nov. 4, 1800, (Laws, p. 28). Part of Parkerstown (formerly 
Parker's Gore) annexed, (Laws of 1822, p. 35). Part annexed to Pitts- 
field, (Laws of 1822, p. 36). Re-annexed to Sherburne, (Laws of 1827, 
p. 38). All that part of what was formerly Parker's Gore commonly 
called ''No Town" not claimed by Sherburne annexed to Stockbridge, 
(Laws of 1884, p. 270). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:1121; Child's Rut- 



348 APPENDIX 

land Co. Gazetteer, 1S82, p. 229; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842 
Part III, p. 161; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 115; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 215; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 902; State Papers Vt., 1 191, 133. 

See Newry, (New York grant), ante. 



SHOREHAM. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant 
of 25,000 acres to John Chandler and sixty-one associates Oct. 8, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:423). New York grant of 4,000 acres to W m 
Nichols by Gov. Tryon March 3, 1772, covered lands chartered by New 
Hampshire in Shoreham; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. 
Surveys, (Laws 181 1, p. 28). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 -.93 ; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 18S2, p. 207; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 162; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 115; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 216; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 903; History of Shoreham, J. F. Goodhue, 1861; 
State Papers Vt., 1:133; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:229. 



SHREWSBURY.— Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire 
grant of 24,000 to Samuel Ashley and sixty-three associates Sept. 4, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:427). New York grant called Hulton of 
12,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to James Abeel & Co., Aug. 1, 1770, 
covered lands in Shrewsbury granted by New Hampshire; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:155. Part of Plymouth annexed, 
(Laws of 1823, p. 3). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:1124; Child's Rut- 
land County Gazetteer, 1882, p. 232; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 162; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 116; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 216; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 903; State Papers Vt., 1 :i34- 



SIDNEY. — New York grant of 23,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to 
John Felthausen & Co. Sept. 27, 1774, in Cabot and vicinity; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Marked "John Felthausen & 
Co." on map preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of New 
York. 



APPENDIX 



349 



SMITHFIELD. — New Hampshire grant of 23,040 acres to Samuel 
Hungerford and sixty-three associates Aug. 18, 1763, (State Papers N. H.. 
26:154). New York grant of 25,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to Samuel 
Ashley & Co. covered lands granted by New Hampshire in Smithfield; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Also see map preceding 
index to Vol. I, Documentary History of New York. Annexed to 
Bakersfield and Fairfield, (Laws of 1792, p. 5). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 163; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 217; State Papers Vt., 1:134. 



SOCIALBOROUGH or SOCIALBURGH.— New York grant of 
48,000 acres by Gov. Dunmore April 3, 1771; included Rutland and 
Pittsford chartered by New Hampshire. Called "Socialburgh" in 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:155; H. Hall's Early History 
of Vermont, 129, 167. Marked "Socialborough" on map preceding 
index to Vol 1, Documentary History of New York. See also town of 
Clarendon, in index to each volume of Governor and Council where it is 
said Clarendon was called Socialborough. 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 163; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1 85 1, p. 182. 



SOMERSET. — Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Thomas Denny and sixty-one associates, Sept. 
9, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:431). Parts provisionally annexed to 
Wilmington and Stratton, (Laws of 1858, p. 49; 1859, p. 51). A diligent 
search of the records of Stratton has failed to disclose acceptance on her 
part. However, the undisputed facts appear to be that Somerset lost 
a strip off the east side about two miles wide, which went at first, 1858-9, 
to Wilmington and to Stratton. By subsequent legislation, Laws of 
1868, page 310, and 1869, page 289, that part previously set to Wil- 
mington, (which extended from the south northerly to the northwest 
corner of Dover) was passed on to Dover, and Stratton today holds, 
from the original Somerset, the remaining or northerly end constituting 
a tract about two miles square. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 528; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 15 ; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 163; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849. 
p. 116; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 218; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 904; State Papers Vt., 1:134. 

See Leinster, (New York grant), ante. 



350 APPENDIX 

SOUTH BURLINGTON.— Town in Chittenden County. In- 
corporation authorized by the charter of the city of Burlington, being 
the remainder of the town of Burlington, (Laws of 1852, pp. 85-96; 
1864, pp. 107-124). Organized Alarch 7, 1S65. Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 218. 

Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 1886, p. 684. 
See Burlington. 



SOUTH HERO. — Town in Grand Isle County. Vermont grant as 
part of Two Heroes to Ethan Allen, Samuel Herrick, and three hundred 
and sixty-three associates, Oct. 27, 1779, ante p. 192. Two Heroes 
divided into North and South Hero, providing they shall have jointly 
one representative in the legislature, Oct. 21, 1788, (Laws, p. 7). Pro- 
viding clause repealed and North and South Hero each allowed a repre- 
sentative, Jan. 18, 1 79 1, (Laws, p. 4). Divided into two towns, South 
and Middle Hero, with joint representation in legislature, (Laws of 
1798, pp. 42-44). Middle Hero first represented as such in 1810. Cer- 
tain islands annexed, (Laws of 1800, p. 30). Part of Grand Isle, (Savage 
Island), authorized to be annexed, (Laws of 1832, p. 25). Repealed. 
(Laws of 1834, p. 28). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:570; Child's Franklin 
and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 234; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 163; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 116; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 219; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 904; State Papers Vt., 1:135. 



SPRINGFIELD. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire 
grant of 25,000 acres to Gideon Lyman and sixty-one associates, Aug. 
20, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:435). New Hampshire charter 
confirmed by New York, May 25, 1772; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections, 1:156. 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 219; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 163; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 117; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 220; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 905; State Papers Vt., 
1:135; History of Springfield, C. H. Hubbard, 1895. 



STAMFORD. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Elisha Cook and sixty associates March 6, 1753- 
Charter renewed Sept. 21, 1761. Regranted as New Stamford, to 
Francis Bernard and sixty-five associates, June 9, 1764, (State Papers 



APPENDIX 351 

N. H., 26:447-456). Provision for establishing line with Pownal, (Laws 
of 1849, p. 26). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1 1237; Child's Benning- 
ton Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 201; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 164; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1S49, p. 117; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 221; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 910; State Papers Vt., 1:135. 



STANNARD. — Town in Caledonia County. Name changed from 
Goshen Gore, (Laws of 1S67, p. 66). First represented in General 
Assembly in 1868. Town incorporated, (Laws of 1869, p. ^5)- 

Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 18S7, p. 306; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 221; State Papers Vt.. 1:136. 



STARKSBORO. — Town in Addison County. Vermont grant to 
David Bridia, Gen. John Stark, and sixty-six associates, Nov. 9, 1780. 
ante p. 186. Formerly in Chittenden Co., but annexed to Addison Co.. 
Oct. 29, 1794, (Laws, p. 91). Part of Monkton annexed, March 4, 1797, 
(Laws, p. 47). Part of Monkton annexed, (Laws 1908, p. 183). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:103; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, ' 1882, p. 220; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842. 
Part III, p. 164; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 118; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191S, p. 222; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 910; State Papers Vt., 1 1136. 

See Whippleboroagh, (New York grant), post. 



STERLING. — Vermont grant by act passed Feb. 25, 1782. Char- 
ter issued for 23,040 acres to Samuel Safford and sixty-two associates. 
Oct. 18, 1805, ante p. 188. Part annexed to Cambridge, (Laws of 1828, 
p. 15). Remainder divided among Johnson, Morristown, and Stowe, 
(Laws of 1855, pp. 76-79). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:693; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 165; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p, 118; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 223; 
State Papers Vt., 1:138. 



STOCKBRIDGE.— Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire 
grant of 28,100 acres to William Dodge and sixty-five associates, July 
21, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:456). Part annexed to Pittsfield, 



352 APPENDIX 

(Laws of 1813, p. 144; 1822, p. 36). Union of part of Stockbridge and 
part of Pittsford for school purposes, (Laws of 1804, p. 27). That part 
of Parker's Gore not claimed by Sherburne annexed, (Laws of 1884, p. 
270). Line established with Pittsfield, (Laws of 185 1, p. 68). See 
Stockbridge Land Records Book 1 1, p. 71-2. 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 236; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 165; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849. 
p. 118; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 223; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 91 1 ; State Papers Vt., 1 1139. 
See Fincastle, (New York grant), ante. 



STOWE. — Town in Lamoille County. New Hampshire grant as 
Stow of 23,040 acres to Joshua Simmons and sixty-three associates, 
June 8, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:461). Annexation of Mansfield 
authorized, (Laws of 1848, pp. 11-13). Act of 1848 in part repealed, 
(Laws of 1853, pp. 59-61). Annexation of part of Sterling, (Laws 
of 1855, pp. 76-79). Provision for establishing line with Underhill, 
(Laws of 1861, p. 42), and establishment Sept. 6, 1862. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:695; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 12S; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 166; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 119; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 224; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 911; Stowe Notes, Edward M. 
Taber, 1893; State Papers Vt., 1:139. 



STRAFFORD. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Solomon Phelps and sixty-three associates, Aug. 12, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:465). Blake's Gore granted by Vermont 
to Timothy Blake and fourteen associates, June 18, 1785, by charter was 
made a part of Strafford, ante p. 27. Line with West Fairlee and Vershire 
established, (Laws of 1802, p. 199). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:1067; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 399; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part 
III, p. 166; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 119; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 224; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 912; State Papers Vt., 1:140; Remarks on Straf- 
ford, J. S. Morrill; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:234. 



STRATTON.— Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Isaac Searl and sixty-two associates, July 30, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:469). New York grant of 24,000 acres 



APPENDIX 353 

to Edmund Fanning by Lt. Gov. Colden, June 22, 1775, covered Strat- 
ton; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:157. Stratton Gore 
annexed Oct. 28, 1799, (Laws, p. 15). Boundaries established, (Laws 
of 1803, p. 105). Part of Somerset provisionally annexed, (Laws of 
1858, p. 49; 1S59, p. 51). See note under Somerset. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol 5, Part II, p. 519: 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 1S ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 168; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 120; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 225; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 913; State Papers Vt., 
1:140. 



STRATTON GORE.— Annexed to Stratton Oct. 28. 1799, (Laws, 
p. 15). First appearance as Stratton Gore in State Papers is in a petition 
of the inhabitants dated Oct. 2, 1799, asking to be annexed to Stratton, 
([msj Vermont State Papers, 20:309). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 168; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 186. 



SUDBURY.- — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant 
of 14,424 acres to Capt. Silas Brown and forty-seven associates, Aug. 6, 
l 7^3y (State Papers N. H., 26:473), Same territory granted as Dunbar 
by New Hampshire to Isaac Searl and sixty-six associates, June 15, 
1764, (23,040 acres), (State Papers N. H., 26:477). Part of Hubbardton 
annexed, (Laws of 1806, p. 120). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:1137; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 239; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 16S; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 121; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 226; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, 1860^ p. 913; State Papers Vt., 1:141. 



SUNDERLAND. — Town in Bennington County. New Hamp- 
shire grant of 23,040 acres to Isaac Searl and sixty-one associates, July 
29, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:481). See under Princetown, ante for 
New York grant, and under Arlington, the New York Grant to J. 
Napier; also see Laws of 1803, p. 105, — boundaries of town of Stratton 
established. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:238; Child's Benning- 
ton Co. Gazetteer, 188 1, p. 206; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 168; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 121; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 227; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 



354 APPENDIX 

England, i860, p. 914; State Papers Vt., 1:141; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:230. 



SUTTON. — Town in Caledonia County. Change of name from 
Billymead, (Laws of 181 2, p. 16). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:423; V, Part III — 
History of, by John E. Willard; Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, 
p. 345; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 169; Hay- 
ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 121; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 227; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, 
p. 915; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 47, 91; Land Records, p. 543, State 
Papers Vt., 1 :i44- 

See Bamj, (New York grant), ante. 



SWANTON. — Town in Franklin County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Joshua Goodrich and sixty-three associates, Aug. 
17, 1763, (State Papers N.H., 26:485). Line with Highgate and Sheldon 
established, (Laws of 18 10, p. 160). Line with St. Albans and Fairfield 
established, (Laws of 1816, p. 95). Line with Fairfield established, and 
part of Fairfield annexed, part of Swanton annexed to Fairfield, (Laws 
of 1829, p. 19). Part of Highgate annexed, (Laws of 1836, p. 38). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:933, 1 185 ; Child's 
Franklin and Grand Isle Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 198; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 170; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 122; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 228; 
Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 915; State 
Papers Vt., 1 :i44. 

See Prattsburg, (New York grant), ante. 



THETFORD. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,200 acres to John Phelps and sixty-one associates, Aug. 12, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:489). Line established with West Fairlee and 
Strafford, (Laws of 1802, p. 199). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:1090; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 419; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 170; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 122; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 229; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 916; State Papers Vt., 1:145; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1921, 1:222. 



APPENDIX 355 

THIRMING. — New York grant of 20,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden 
to Edmund Fanning & Co. Feb. 16, 1775; covered the northeast corner 
of the state, now Canaan; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1 1157. 
Marked "Ed Tanning & Co" on map preceding index to Vol. 1, Docu- 
mentary History of New York. 



THOMLINSON.— New Hampshire grant, (State Papers N. H., 
26:181-192). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 172; Deming' s 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 134. 

See Grafton, ante. 



TINMOUTH. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant- 
of 23,040 acres to Joseph Hooker and sixty-three associates, Sept. 15, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:493). Part incorporated with parts of Ira, 
Poultney, and Wells, into Middletown Oct. 28, 1784. Part annexed to 
Wallingford Oct. 19, 1793, (Laws, p. 7). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:1141; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 245; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 171; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 123; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 230; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 171; State Papers Vt., 1:146; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1921, 1:244. 

See Kelso for New York grant. 



TOPSHAM. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to George Frost, Esq., and eighty-one associates, Aug. 
17, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:497). New York grant confirming 
New Hampshire charter June 12, 1776; Vermont Historical Society Col- 
lections, 1:157. Boundary lines established, (Laws of 1799, p. 17; 1801, 
p. 88; 1802, p. 48). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:1104; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 451; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 171; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 123; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 231; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 919; State Papers Vt., 1:146. 



TOWNSHEND.— Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to John Hazeltine and sixty-eight associates, June 



356 APPENDIX 

20, 1753. Charter renewed Aug. 20, 1762. (State Papers N. H., 26:501- 
506). New Hampshire charter confirmed by New York grant April 
2, 1767; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. Annexation of 
Acton authorized. (Laws of 1840, p. 59). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 532; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 20 ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 172; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer 
1849, p. 124; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 231; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England. 1S60, p. 919; Townshend, Collec- 
tions, J. H. Phelps, 1S77; State Papers Vt., 1 :i47; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:210 



TOWNSHEND. — New York grant of 30,000 acres by Gov. Tryon 
to Lord Geo. Townshend & Co., June 5, 1772, covered lands in St. Albans 
and vicinity chartered by New Hampshire; Vermont Historical Society 
Collections, 1:157. Not the present town of Townshend in Windham 
County. 



TROY — Town in Orleans County. Name changed from Missis- 
quoi, Oct. 26, 1S03, (Laws, p. 6). Missisquoi (or Missiskouie) was in- 
corporated out of Avery's Grant (11,040 acres) and Kelly's Grant (12,000 
acres) Oct. 28, 1801, (Laws, p. 7S; Governor and Council, III-198). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer. 3:309; Child's Lamoille 
and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 288 4S ; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 173; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
124; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191S, p. 232; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 921; State Papers Vt., 1:147. 



TRURO. — New York grant of 22,000 acres by Gov. Tryon, April 
14, 1771; covered lands in Orange and vicinity; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1:156. 



TUNBRIDGE. — Town in Orange County. New Hampshire grant 
of 23,040 acres to Abraham Root and sixty-four associates, Sept. 3, 1761, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:506). Vermont grant of a gore between Royal- 
ton and Tunbridge to Hon. Paul Spooner and fourteen associates, June 
21, 1785, by its charter was made a part of Tunbridge, ante p. 185. 
Governor and Council, III :15c 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2: 1 1 14; Child's Orange 



APPENDIX 357 

Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 471; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 174; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 125; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 233 ; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 922; State Papers Vt., 1:147. 



TUNBRIDGE GORE.— Vermont grant of a gore between Royal- 
ton and Tunbridge to Hon. Paul Spooner and fourteen associates, June 
21, 17S5, by its charter made a part of Tunbridge, ante p. 185; Governor 
and Council, III :15c Mentioned in Governor and Council, 5:205, 232. 



TURNERSBURGH.— Vermont grant. 

See Chelsea. 



TWO HEROES.— Vermont grant to Ethan Allen, Samuel Herrick, 

and three hundred and sixty-three associates, Oct. 27, 1779, ante p. 192. 

Divided into North and South Hero, Oct. 21, 1788, (Laws, p. 7); Jan. 

18, 1791, (Laws, p. 4); State Papers Vt., 1:148. - •■ 

See North Hero and South Hero. 



UNDERHILL. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Joseph Sackett, Jr., and sixty-four associates, 
June 8, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:510-518). Union of part of Under- 
bill and part of Jericho for school purposes, (Laws of 1812, p. 35). Part 
of Mansfield annexed, (Laws of 1839, p. 86). Provision for establishing 
line with Stowe, (Laws of 1861, p. 42), and establishment Sept. 6, 1862. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:886; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 256 10 ; Rann's History of Chittenden Co. 
1886, p. 687; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 175; 
Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 125; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 234; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i86o ; p. 
923; State Papers Vt., 1:148. 



VERGENNES. — City in Addison County. City incorporated out 
of parts of New Haven, Panton, and Ferrisburg, Oct. 23, 1788, (Laws, 
pp. 11-19); organized July 1, 1794. Part of New Haven annexed Nov. 
1, 1791, (Laws, p. 5). Right to representation in the General Assembly, 
Nov. 1, 1793, (Laws, p. 52). Act of Oct. 31, 1796, (Laws, pp. 53-55), 



35^ APPENDIX 

repeals act of Nov. 1, 1791, annexing part of Waltham to Vergennes and 
incorporates such part into the town of Waltham to be represented in 
the General Assembly jointly with Vergennes. Waltham first repre- 
sented as such in 1824; see Vermont Assembly Journal, 1823, pp. 51-55. 
Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, I:io6; Child's Addi- 
son Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 226; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 175; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 126; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 234; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 924; State Papers Vt., 1:149; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 192 1, p. 230. 



VERNON. — Town in Windham County. The town of Hinsdale, 
N. H., embraced lands on both sides of the Connecticut River; see State 
Papers of New Hampshire, 24:142 and 25:115. See also Hinsdale, ante. 
The name of Hinsdale, Vermont, was changed to Vernon, Oct. 21, 1802, 
(Laws, p. 3). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 271; 
•Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 41 ; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 176; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 126; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 235; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 925; State Papers Vt., 1:151. 
See under Guilford, ante, for New York grant. 



VERSHIRE. — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant to Abner 
Seelye and sixty-four associates, Aug. 3, 1781, ante p. 195. Line with 
West Fairlee and Strafford established, (Laws of 1802, p. 199). Line 
with Corinth established, (Laws of 1804, p. 45; 1806, p. 120). Part 
annexed to Corinth, (Laws of 181 1, p. 30). Change of name to Ely 
authorized, (Laws of 1878, p. 219). Name changed back to Vershire, 
(Laws of 1882, p. 265). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:1131; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 492; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 177; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 127; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 236; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 927; State Papers Vt., 1:151. 

See Gageborough (New York grant), ante. 



VICTORY. — Town in Essex County. Vermont grant of 23,040 
acres to Capt. Ebenezer Fisk and sixty-four associates, Sept. 6, 1781, 
ante p. 197. Part of Bradleyvale annexed, (Laws of 1856, p. 91). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1: 1045; Child's Essex 



APPENDIX 359 

and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 483; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 177; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
127; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 237; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 927; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 51 
(on back cover); Land Records, pp. 309-332, 596; State Papers Vt., 1:151. 



VINEYARD. — Name changed from Isle La Motte, (Laws of 1 802, 
p. 32). Name changed back to Isle La Motte, (Laws of 1830, p. 25). 

See Isle La Motte. 



VIRGIN HALL. — New York grant of 26,000 acres by Lt. Gov. 
Colden, Aug. 9, 1770, covering Aikin's Gore and part of Andover, in- 
cluding part, at least, of what is now Weston; Vermont Historical So- 
ciety Collections, 1:155; map facing p. 430 of Vol. 8, Governor and 
Council, and p. 330 of Vol. 4, Documentary History of New York. Also 
map preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of New York. 
See petition as to part of lands in, ([ms.] Vermont State Papers. 21:188). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 178; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, i85i,p. 191. 



WAITSFIELD. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant 
of 23,040 acres to Roger Enos, Benjamin Wait, and sixty-eight asso- 
ciates, Feb. 25, 1782, ante p. 199. East part annexed to Northfield, 
(Laws of 1822, p. 35; 1823, p. 4; 1846, p. 11). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:769; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 462; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 178; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 127; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 237; Coolidge and Mansfield'3 
History of New England, i860, p. 927; History of Waitsfield, M. B. 
Jones, 1909; State Papers Vt., 1:152. 



WALDEN. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant to 
Moses Robinson and sixty-five associates, Aug. 18, 1781. Boundaries 
were not defined in charter, but were certified by the Surveyor General, 
Oct. 16, 1798, ante p. 201. Walden Gore annexed to Danville, (Laws of 

I 792 ; p. 15). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:425; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 355; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 179; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 



360 APPENDIX 

p. 128; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 238; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, 1S60, p. 929; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, 
p. 6; Land Records, pp. 333-349, 607-8; State Papers Vt., 1:153. 



WALDEN GORE. — Vermont grant of 5,928 acres to Gen. Samuel 
SafTord and seventeen associates, as a district of Walden, Oct. 22, 1782, 
ante p.' 203. Annexed to Danville, Oct. 29, 1792, (Laws, p. 15); State 
Papers Vt., 154. 

WALLINGFORD.— Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Capt. Eliakim Hall and sixty-five associates, 
Nov. 27, 1761, (State Papers N. H. 26:518). Part incorporated into 
Mt. Holly, Oct. 31, 1792, (Laws, pp. 20-23). P art °f Tinmouth an- 
nexed, Oct. 19, 1793, (Laws, p. 7). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:1161; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 252; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 179; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 128; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 238; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 929; Wallingford, Walter Thorpe, 
191 1 ; State Papers Vt., 1:153; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1:243. 

See Durham, (New York Grant), ante. 



WALLINGFORD GORE.— "An Act relinquishing Wallingford 
Gore from paying Town Taxes" passed the legislature, Oct. 24, 1788, 
(Governor and Council, III 1177). In [ms.] Vermont State Papers, 
18:136, is a petition which was filed in the legislature in Oct., 1792, ask- 
ing for the privilege of running a lottery in order to repair a road 
"from Landlord greens in Ludlow to Landlord Randals in what is called 
Wallingford gore. " 



m WALLUMSCOCK.— A New York patent dated June 15, 1739, 
which some advocates in behalf of New York insisted covered lands in 
the south-western part of Vermont; see H. Hall's Early History of Ver- 
mont for a full discussion of the claim, p. 488. 



WALTHAM.— Town in Addison County. That part of New 
Haven annexed to Vergennes, Nov. 1, 1791, incorporated into Waltham, 



APPENDIX 361 

Oct. 31, 1796, (Laws, pp. 53-55), but to be represented in General As- 
sembly jointly with Vergennes. First represented in 1824, (Vermont 
Assembly Journal, 1823, pp. 51-53). Part of Addison annexed, Oct. 25, 
1804, (Laws. p. 23). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1: 108; Child's Addi- 
son Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 240; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 1S0; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1S49, p. 129; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 930; Deming's Ver- 
mont Officers, 1918, p. 239; State Papers Vt., 1:154; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 192 1, 1:232. 



WARDSBORO.— Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 3,000 acres to John Walker Oct. 17, 1764, covered land now in 
Wardsboro, (State Papers N. H., 26:522). Vermont grant of 26.460 
acres to William W T ard and sixty-one associates, Nov. 7, 1780, ante p. 204. 
New York Grant of 10,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden to James Abeel & 
Co., Sept. 4, 1770, was in or near Wardsborough; Vermont Historical 
Society Collections, 1: 155; also marked "Abel & Co." on map preced- 
ing index to Vol. I Documentary History of New York. Divided into 
two districts, (Laws of 1788, p. 3). South District incorporated into 
town of Dover, (Laws of 1S10, p. 79). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part III, p. 
in; Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 48 ; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1S42, Part III, p. 180; Hayward's Vermont Ga- 
zetteer, 1849, p. 129; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 240; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 931; Wardsboro, J. 
P. W T arren, 1886; State Papers Vt., 1:154. 

See Camden, (New York grant), ante. 



WARE. — A town on the map (1779) preceding index to Vol. 1, 
Documentary History of Nzw York between Hartford and Norwich, and 
marked as a New Hampshire grant, and likewise appears on map facing 
p. 430 of Vol. VIII, Governor and Council, as a New Hampshire grant. 
Jeffrey's Atlas, (1776), p. 15, has no town between Norwich and Hart- 
ford; p. 17 has no Hartford, but there is a blank where the name should 
appear. 



WARNER'S GRANT or WARNER'S GORE.— Vermont grant 
of 2,000 acres to Hester Warner, widow, and the heirs of Col. Seth War- 
ner, Nov. 29, 1 79 1, ante p. 206. 

Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 490; Thomp- 



362 APPENDIX 

son's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 181; Hay ward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 144; Deming's Vermont Officers, 185 1, p. 192; State 
Papers Vt., 1:154. 



WARREN. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres in two tracts, one in Essex Co., one in Washington, to John 
Throop and sixty-seven associates, Oct. 20, 1789, ante p. 207. Whole 
to be considered as in Addison County Nov. 5, 1798, (Laws, p. 56). 
Part of Lincoln annexed, (Laws of 1824, p. 16). Annexed to County of 
Washington, (Laws of 1829, p. 13). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:801; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 475; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 181; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 130; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 241; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 931; State Papers Vt., 1:155. 



WARREN GORE. — Vermont grant — being one of two tracts 
granted John Throop and sixty-seven associates, Oct. 20, 1789, as 
Warren, ante p. 207. 

Child's Essex and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 490; Thomp- 
son's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 181; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 144; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1851, p. 193; State 
Papers Vt., 1:155. 

See Warren. 



WARRENTON.— New York grant by Lt. Gov. Colden, Nov. 
8, 1769, of 14,000 acres, covering land in Acton and Athens. 

Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154, marked as Warren, 
(and without the Y which distinguishes New York grants) on the 
"Chorographical map" facing p. 430 of Vol. 8, Governor and Council, 
and p. 330 of Vol. 4, Documentary History of New York; and marked as 
Warrenston on map preceding index to Vol. 1, Documentary History of 
New York. 



WASHINGTON. — Town in Orange County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Major Elisha Burton and sixty-four associates, Aug. 8, 
1781, ante p. 209. Boundaries established, (Laws of 1799, p. 17; 1801, 
p. 88). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer. 2:1138; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 499; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842 



APPENDIX 363 

Part III, p. 181; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p 31; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 241; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 932; State Papers Vt., 1 1155. 

See Kingsland, (New York grant), ante. 



WATERBURY. — Town in Washington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to John Stiles, Esq., and sixty-five associates, June 
7> 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:525). Part of Middlesex annexed, 
(Laws of 1850, p. 46). Part of Bolton annexed, (Laws of 185 1, p. 

64). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:813; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 487; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 182; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 131; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 242; Coolidge and Mansfield's His- 
tory of New England, i860, p. 933; State Papers Vt., 1:156; Early His- 
tory of Waterbury, C. C. Parker; History of Waterbury, I. G. Lewis. 
1915. 

See Newbrookj ante. 



WATERFORD. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant as 
Littleton of 23,040 acres to Benjamin Whipple and sixty-four associ- 
ates, Nov. 8, 1780, ante p. 125. Name changed to Waterford, March 9, 
1797, (Laws, p. 94). . ' # 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, L430; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 368; Thompson's History of Ver- 
mont, 1842, Part III, p. 183; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 132; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 243; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 934; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, 
p. 69; Land Records, p. 542; State Papers Vt., 1 195, 156. 
See Dunmore, (New York grant), ante. 



WATERVILLE. — Town in Lamoille County. Incorporated out of 
Coit's Gore and parts of Bakersfield and Belvidere, (Laws of 1824, p. 14). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2.768; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 143; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 183; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 132; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 244; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New England, i860, p. 934; State Papers Vt., 1:156. 
See under Smithfield, ante, for New York grants. 



364 APPENDIX 

WEATHERSFIELD.— Town in Windsor County. New Hamp- 
shire grant of 23,000 acres to Gideon Lyman and sixty-one associates, 
Aug. 20, 1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:529). New York grant of 22,000 
acres, confirming New Hampshire charter, issued April 30, 1772. 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 241; Thompson's History 
of. Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 184; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 132; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191S, p. 244; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 935; State Papers Vt., 



WELLS. — Town in Rutland County. New Hampshire grant of 
23,040 acres to Capt. Eliakim Hall and sixty-three associates Sept. 15, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:533). Part incorporated with parts of 
Ira, Tinmouth, and Poultney, into town of Middietown Oct. 28, 17S4. 
Part annexed to Poultney Oct. 31, 179S, (Laws, p. 38). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:1189; Child's Rut- 
land Co. Gazetteer, 1S82, p. 256 s ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 185; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 133; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 245; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 936; History of Wells, Hiland Hall, 
1869; State Papers Vt., 1:157; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1:234. 

See Richmond, ante, for New \ork grant. 



WENLOCK. — New Hampshire grant of 25,000 acres to Israel 
Woodward and sixty-three associates Oct. 13. 1761, (State Papers N. H., 
26-167). East part of Caldersburg annexed, (Laws of 1801, p. 82). 
Line established with Morgan, Jan. 31, 1804, (Laws, p. 12). Annexed to 
Brighton and Ferdinand, (Laws of 1853, p. 57). 

Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 186; Hayward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1S49, p. 133; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1851, p. 
195; [ras.] Chandler, — Atlas, pp. 58-9; Land Records, pp. 369-90, 551-2, 
581-2; State Papers Vt., 1 :i57. 



WESTENHOOK— A New York patent dated March 6, 1705, and 
it was claimed by New Yorkers that "its western bounds are about 30 
miles from Hudson's River. " 

See H. Hall's Early History of Vermont for an elaborate discussion, 
pp. 486, 487. 



APPENDIX 365 

WEST FAIRLEE. — Town in Orange County. Fairlee divided 
into two towns, Fairlee and West Fairlee, Feb. 25, 1797, (Laws, pp. 
49-5 Oj Dut both towns represented jointly in the General Assembly. 
West Fairlee first represented as such in 1823, (Vermont Assembly 
Journal, 1S25, p. 51). Line with Vershire, Strafford, and Thetford 
established, (Laws of 1802, p. 199). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:909; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 506; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 1S6; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 246; Coolidge 
and Mansfield's History of New England, 1S60, p. 937; Llayward's Ver- 
mont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 133; State Papers Vt., 1:158. 



WESTFIELD. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Daniel Owen and fifty-nine associates May 15, 17S0, 
ante p. 211. Provision made for establishing line with other towns and 
sale of a gore of land directed, (Laws of 1802, pp. 15S-160). Laws of 
1803, p. 60. repeals so much of Laws of 1802, pp. 158-160, as directs sale 
of a gore of land between Berkshire and Richford. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 3:342; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1S84, p. 288 5S ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 186: Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 134; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 247; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 937; [msj Chandler, — 
Atlas, pp. 36-7; Land Records, p. 571. State Papers Vt., 1:158. 



WESTFORD. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23.040 acres to Henry Franklin and sixty-four associates, June 
8, 1763. (State Papers N. H., 26:537). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:890: Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 256 17 ; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., p. 
695; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 187; Hay ward's 
Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 134; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 
247; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 1S60, p. 938; 
State Papers Vt., 1:159. 



WESTFORD. — Vermont grant. This is not the present town of 
Westford in Chittenden County. 

See Westmore, 



366 APPENDIX 

WEST HAVEN.-— Town in Rutland County. Incorporated out 
of part of Fair Haven, Oct. 20, 1792, (Laws, p. 3), but represented jointly 
with Fair Haven in the legislature. First represented as West Haven by 
Josiah Bascomb, 1823, (Vermont Assembly Journal, 1S23, p. 51)- 

Child's Rutland Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 256 s ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 187; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 134; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 248; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 938; State Papers Vt., 
1:159. 



WESTMINSTER. — New Hampshire grant of 23,040 acres to 
John Halbirt and sixty-seven associates, Nov. 9, 1752. Charter re- 
newed, June 11, 1760, (State Papers N. H., 26:541-546). New Hamp- 
shire charter confirmed by New York grant of 23,500 acres, March 26, 
1772; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:156. Provision for 
establishing line with Athens, (Laws of 1839, p. 85) and line established 
May 11, 1841. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1891, Vol. 5, Part II, 
p. 1; Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 57 ; Thompson's 
History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 187; Hayward's Vermont 
Gazetteer, 1849, p. 134; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 249; 
Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 958; State 
Papers Vt., 1:159; Historic Westminster, C. W. Dickinson. 



WESTMORE. — Town in Orleans County. Vermont grant as 
Westford of 23,040 acres to Capt. Uriah Seymour and sixty-four asso- 
ciates, Aug. 17, 1781, ante p. 213. Name changed to Westmore, Oct. 
26, 1787, (Governor and Council, III :15s). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:365; Child's La- 
moille and Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 288 64 ; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 188; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 135; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 
943; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 250; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, 
pp. 40-1, 91; Land Records, pp. 391-412, 589; State Papers Vt., 1:160. 



WESTON. — Town in Windsor County. Incorporated out of 
Benton's Gore and part of Andover, Oct. 26, 1799, (Laws, p. 14), but 
represented jointly with Andover until 1823, (Vermont Assembly 
Journal, 1823, p. 52). New Hampshire charter of Andover, Oct. 13, 
1761, (State Papers N. H., 26:7); Vermont charter of Benton's Gore, 
Oct. 25, 1781, ante p. 20. 



APPENDIX 367 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 250; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 189; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 135; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 251; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 944; State Papers Vt., 
1:160. 

See Fir gin Hall, (New York grant), ante. 



WEST RUTLAND.— Town in Rutland County. Incorporated 
out of part of Rutland, (Laws of 1886, pp. 91-94). 



WEST WINDSOR.— Town in Windsor County. Windsor divided 
into two parishes, Oct. 17, 1783, (Laws of 1799, p. 82). The two parishes 
of Windsor incorporated into towns of Windsor and West Windsor, 
(Laws of 1814, p. 52). Repealed, (Laws of 1S15, p. 6j). Windsor 
divided into Windsor and West Windsor, (Laws of 1848, p. 8). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 255; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 252; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 945. 

See Windsor. 



WEYBRIDGE. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire 
grant, Nov. 3, 1761, of 25,000 acres to Joseph Gilbert and sixty-three 
associates, (State Papers N. H., 26:546). Part of New Haven annexed 
Oct. 25, 1791, (Laws, p. 6). Part of Addison annexed Oct. 22, 1804, 
(Laws, p. 7). Part of Panton annexed, (Laws of 1806, p. 28). Pro- 
vision for establishing line with Addison, (Laws of 1856, p. 78; 1859, 
p. 148; 1862, p. 51). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:109; Child's Addison 
County Gazetteer, 1882, p. 24s 4 ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 189; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 136; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 252; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 945; State Papers Vt., 1:161; Crockett's History of 
Vermont, 1921, 1:248. 



WHEELOCK. — Town in Caledonia County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Dartmouth College and Moors Charity School, June 
*4> 17^ ante pp. 215,217. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:432; Child's Essex 
and Caledonia Co. Gazetteer, 1887, p. 381; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 189; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 



368 APPENDIX 

p. 136; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 253; Coolidge and Mans- 
field's History of New York, i860, p. 946; Early Days of Wheelock, F. 
W. Chase; State Papers Vt., 1:161. 



WHIPPLEBOROUGH.— New York grant of 40,000 acres by Gov. 
Tryon to Samuel Avery, Oct. 28, 1775; included Starksborough and 
vicinity; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1 1157. 



WHITELAW'S GORE.— Vermont grant to James Whitelaw, 
James Savage, and William Coit, Oct. 26, 1788 — about 1,500 acres, 
ante p. 221. Annexed to Caldersburg, (Laws of 1801, p. 82). Some- 
times called Whitelaw's Grant, (Governor and Council, IV:343, 358); 
State Papers Vt., 1 :i62. 



WHITELAW, SAVAGE, AND COIT.— Vermont grant to James 
Whitelaw, James Savage, and William Coit of 10,000 acres, (St. An- 
drew's Gore, now Plainfield), io,oco acres, (Williamsburgh or Coit's 
Gore), 1,500 acres, (Whitelaw's Gore), all the islands in Lake Champlain 
lying east of deepest channel within this state and not heretofore granted 
by the state — 1,585 acres, and islands in the Otter Creek not heretofore 
granted, to south line of Weybridge — 30 acres, in all 23,040 acres, Oct. 
26, 1788, ante p. 221; (Governor and Council, III:i8o); State Papers Vt., 
1:163. 



WHITING. — Town in Addison County. New Hampshire grant 
as Whiteing of 14,424 acres to Daniel Pond and forty-seven associates, 
Aug. 6, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:550). New York grant of 1,000 
acres by Gov. Tryon to John Lawrence, Nov. 17, 1772, covered land now 
in Whiting; Vermont Historical Society Collections L157. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, IrilJ; Child's Addison 
Co. Gazetteer, 1882, p. 24s 9 ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 190; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 136; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 254; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 946; State Papers Vt., 1:164; Crockett's History 
of Vermont, 1921, 1:243. 

See under Leicester for New York grant. See Monckton, (New 
York grant), ante. 



APPENDIX 369 

WHITINGHAM .— Town in Windham County. Mar. 12, 1770, a 
charter was issued by Lt. Gov. Colden of New York to Nathan Whit- 
ing and associates of io.coo acres, in the present town of Whitingham, 
then called Cumberland; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 1:154. 
Vermont grants in Whitingham: (1) Alarch 15, 1780, of 3,000 acres to 
Silas Hamilton and seven associates, (Hamilton's Grant), by charter 
made a part of Whitingham, ante p. 87; (2) Oct. 15, 1787, 600 acres to 
Jonathan and Arad Hunt, ante p. 218; (3) Oct. 20, 1796, 5,060 acres to 
Amos Green and fifteen associates incorporated into a district by the 
name of Whitingham Gore, ante p. 219. Power to unite part with part 
of Wilmington for school purposes granted, (Laws of 1803, p. 40). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part II, p. 6S4; 
Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 76 ; Thompson's History- 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III. p. 191; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, 
p. 137; History of Whitingham, Leonard Brown, 1S86; Green Leaves 
from Whitingham, Clark Jillson, 1894; Some Facts about Early History 
of Whitingham, A. A. Butterfield, 1916; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 254; State Papers Vt., 1:164; Coolidge and Mansfield's History 
of New England, 1S60, p. 947. 

See "Cumberland" on map preceding index to Vol. I, Documen- 
tary History of New York. 



WHITINGHAM GORE.— Vermont grant of 5,060 acres to Amos 
Green and fifteen associates, Oct. 20, 1796, ante p. 219. 



WICKHAM. — New York grant of 36,000 acres by Lt. Gov. Colden 
to Phinehas Lyman & Co., Oct. 27, 1774, in Randolph and vicinity; 
Vermont Historical Society Collections, L157. Marked "Phineas 
Lyman & Co." en map preceding index to Vol. I, Documentary His- 
tory of New York. 1 his grant certainly covered a part, at least, of 
Brookfield; see Governor and Council, II: 134, 135. 



WILDERSBURG.— Vermont grant. See Barre. 



WILLIAMSBURGH.— The boundary of a tract of 2,coo acres which 
is now a part of Waterville and which was granted to John Kelly was 
described in its charter dated June 8, 1791, as running "in the easterly 
line of a Grant made to Whitelaw & Company called Williamsburgh," 
ante p. 115. The charter of Belvidere dated Nov. 4, 1791, described that 



37° APPENDIX 

town as extending "to the easterly Line of a Tract of Ten thousand 
Acres of Land granted to James Whitelaw & others Called Williams- 
burgh," ante p. 17. A charter dated Oct. 26, 1788, issued to Whitelaw, 
Savage, and Coit, conveyed among others one tract of 10,000 acres in 
the locality above described, which must have been Williamsburgh and 
which was afterwards known as Coit's Gore, ante p. 221; State Papers 
Vt., 1:165. 



WILLIAMSTOWN.— Town in Orange County. Vermont grant 
of 23,040 acres to Absalom Baker, Samuel Clark, and seventy-three 
associates, Aug. 9, 1781, ante p. 225. Boundary lines established, (Laws 
of 1799, p. 17; 1801, p. 88). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:1139; Child's Orange 
Co. Gazetteer, 1888, p. 511; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 192; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 138; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 191 8, p. 255; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of 
New England, i860, p. 947; State Papers Vt., 1:165. 

See Nezobrook, (New York grant), ante. 



WILLISTON. — Town in Chittenden County. New Hampshire 
.grant of 23,040 acres to Samuel Willis and sixty-four associates, June 
7, 1763, (State Papers, N. H., 26:553). Oct. 27, 1794, (Laws, pp. 55>57)> 
parts of Williston, Jericho, and New Huntington incorporated into Rich- 
mond, part of Williston annexed to New Huntington, and part of 
Burlington annexed to Williston. Line established with Burlington 
and part of Burlington annexed Nov. 8, 1797, (Laws, p. 66). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, L900; Child's Chitten- 
den Co. Gazetteer, 1883, p. 256 23 ; Rann's History of Chittenden Co., 
1886, p. 704; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 192; 
Hayward's. Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 138; Deming's Vermont 
"Officers, 1918, p. 256; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 949; A History of the Town of Williston, 1913 ; State Papers 
Vt., 1:165. 

See Deerfield, (New York Grant), ante. 



WILMINGTON.— Town in Windham County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Phineas Lyman and sixty associates, April 
2 9> 1751, (State Papers N. H., 26:557). Regranted by New Hampshire 
as Draper to Francis Bernard and sixty-six others, June 17, 1763, (State 
Papers N. H., 26:562). Line with Searsburg established, (Laws of 1850, 
p. 46; 1852, p. 6^; 1853, p. 58). Line with Marlboro and Dover es- 



APPENDIX 37I 

tablished, (Laws of 1851, p. 68; 1852, p. 66). Power to unite part of 
Wilmington and part of Whitingham for school purposes granted, (Laws 
of 1803, p. 40). Part of Somerset provisionally annexed, (Laws of 1858, 
p. 49; 1859, p. 51). Annexation of part to Dover authorized, (Laws of 
1868, p. 310). Part provisionally annexed to Dover, (Laws of 1869, 
p. 289). See note under Somerset. 

History of Wilmington by Rev. Volney Forbes; Hemenway's Ver- 
mont Historical Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part III; Child's Windham Co. 
Gazetteer, 1884, p. 304 s4 ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, 
p. 193; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 138; Deming's Vermont 
Officers, 1918, p. 257; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, 
i860, p. 949; Wilmington, Vermont, J. H. W T albridge, 1900; State Papers 
Vt., 1:167. 



WINDHAM. — Town in Windham County. Incorporated out of 
east part of Londonderry and Mack's Leg, Oct. 22, 1795, (Laws, p. 21), 
but represented jointly with Londonderry in the Legislature. Part 
annexed to Londonderry Oct. 21, 1797, (Laws, p. 21). Anderson's Gore 
made a part of by charter, Oct. 22, 1801, ante p. 6. Windham allowed 
a representative in the legislature, Oct. 23, 1804, (Laws, p. 16). 

History, by Mrs. Lucy B. Wood; Hemenway's Vermont Historical 
Gazetteer, Vol. 5, Part III; Child's Windham Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 
304 97 ; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 193; Hay- 
ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 140; Deming's Vermont Officers, 
1918, p. 258; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New England, i860, 
p. 950; State Papers Vt., 1:167; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 
1:244. 

See Kent, (New York Grant), ante. 



WINDHAM. — New York grant of 35,000 acres by Gov. Tyron to 
Joseph Beck & Co., March 25, 1772, in Duxbury and vicinity; Vermont 
Historical Society Collections, 1 1156; map preceding index to Vol. I, 
Documentary History of New York. Not the present town of Wind- 
ham, in Windham County. 



WINDSOR. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire grant, 
July 6, 1761, of 23,500 acres to Samuel Ashley and fifty-eight associates, 
(State Papers N. H., 26:566). New York grant confirming New Hamp- 
shire charter, March 28, 1772; Vermont Historical Society Collections, 
1:156. Vermont post-office established, March 9, 1787, (Laws, p. 116). 
Repealed, Nov. 10, 1797, (R. 1797, Repeals). Divided into two so- 
cieties, Oct. 17, 1783, (Laws of 1799, P-82). Societies incorporated in 



372 APPENDIX 

two towns, Windsor and West Windsor, (Laws of 1814, p. 52). Re- 
pealed, (Laws of 18-15, p. 6y). Windsor divided into Windsor and West 
Windsor, (Laws of 1848, p. 8). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 260; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 194; Hay ward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 141; Deming's Vermont Officers, 191S, p. 258; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 951; State Papers Vt., 
1:167; Crockett's History of Vermont, 1921, 1:222. 



■WINHALL. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire 
grant of 23,040 acres to Osce Webster and sixty-one associates, Sept. 
15, 1761. (State Papers N. H., 26:569). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:245; Child's Ben- 
nington Co. Gazetteer, 1881, p. 209; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 196; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 142; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 259; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 955; State Papers Vt., I :i68. 



WTNOOSKI, CITY OF.— City in Chittenden County. Incorp- 
orated from a part of the town of Colchester, (Laws of 1921, pp. 309-332). 



WOLCOTT. — Town in Lamoille County. Vermont grant of 
23,040 acres to Capt. Joshua Stanton and sixty-four associates Aug. 
22, 1781, ante p. 227. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 2:773; Child's La- 
moille & Orleans Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 148; Thompson's History of 
Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 197; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 
142; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 260; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 955; [ms.j Chandler, — Atlas, p. 19; 
Land Records, pp. 531-2; State Papers Vt., 1:168. 



WOODBRIDGE. — Oct. 26, 1781, a grant of a township of unap- 
propriated lands was made to Maj. Theodore Woodbridge and Com- 
pany, (Governor and Council, IL126, 127). The granting fees were not 
paid however, and Ira Allen, as Surveyor General, was "empowered and 
directed by the Governor and Council in accordance with an Act of the 
Legislature" to dispose of the township granted to Maj. Woodbridge and 
use the proceeds in purchasing stores, &c, (Governor and Council III: 
32, 33). Alien, having failed to dispose of the township, advanced funds 



APPENDIX 



373 



on his own account and Gov. Chittenden at the request of Allen issued a 
charter to the latter in Oct. 1786. This act led to the defeat of Gov. 
Chittenden at the election in 1789, but after the whole matter had been 
thoroughly investigated by a committee of the legislature, and a large 
balance found to be due Allen, as Surveyor General, from the state, 
Gov. Chittenden was recalled from private life and held the office of 
governor continuously thereafter until his death. 

The following is from Governor and Council III 15 12, 513: "The 
charter of Woodbridge seems never to have been recorded by the Secre- 
tary of the Governor and Council, or the Secretary of State, but it was 
entered by Allen in his record as Surveyor General, and is now in the 
office of the Secretary of State, in a book erroneously marked as Vol. 2 
of town charters. All the town charters in this book, Woodbridge ex- 
cepted, are in the official record The charter of Wood- 
bridge given to Allen was dated Oct. 26, 1781, the date of the grant to 
Maj. Woodbridge, and it was recorded by Allen on the 10th of Oct. 
1786, in this book, which probably was originally intended for a state 
record, but was withheld on account of the questionable character of 
Woodbridge." See ante p. 235. The charter of Woodbridge described 
it as a tract bounded West on Alburgh and must have covered part at 
least of Highgate. When Allen's writ was served upon the state in 1792 
the present town of Troy was levied upon as "Woodbridge, so called," 
(Governor and Council, IV 1428). See also [ms.] Vermont State Papers, 
23:368; State Papers Vt., 1:168. 



WOODBURY. — Town in Washington County. Vermont grant 
of 23,040 acres to W 7 illiam Lyman, Col. Ebenezer Wood, and sixty-three 
associates Aug. 16, 1781, ante p. 229. Name changed to Monroe, (Laws 
of 1838, p. 7). Part annexed to W^alden, (Laws of 1840, p. 54). Name 
changed back to Woodbury, (Laws of 1843, p. 27). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:873; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 518; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 198; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 142; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 261; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 956; [ms.] Chandler, — Atlas, p. 9; 
Land Records, pp. 413-434, 605-6; State Papers Vt., 1:169. 



WOODBURY.— See under Coventry, ante. This is not the present 
town of Woodbury in Washington County. 



374 APPENDIX 

WOODFORD. — Town in Bennington County. New Hampshire 
grant, March 6, 1753, of 23,040 acres to Elihu Chauncy and fifty-eight 
associates, (State Papers N. H., 26:573-578). Charter renewed Aug. 12, 
1762. 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 1:248; Child's Benning- 
ton Co. Gazetteer, 188 1, p. 21; Thompson's History of Vermont, 1842, 
Part III, p. 198; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 142; Deming's 
Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 261; Coolidge and Mansfield's History of New 
England, i860, p. 956; State Papers Vt., 1:169. 

See Lei?ister, ante for New York grant. 



WOODSTOCK. — Town in Windsor County. New Hampshire 
grant, July 10, 1761, of 24,900 acres to David Page and sixty-one asso- 
ciates, (State Papers N. H., 26:579); New York grant of 23,200 acres 
confirming New Hampshire charter, June 3, 1772. Part annexed to 
Hartford, and part of Hartford and part of Hartland annexed to Wood- 
stock, (Laws of 1852, pp. 66-68). Line with Pomfret established, 
(Laws of 1880, p. 23 1). 

Child's Windsor Co. Gazetteer, 1884, p. 285; Thompson's History 
of Vermont, 1842, Part III, p. 198; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 
1849, p. 143; Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 262; Coolidge and 
Mansfield's History of New England, i860, p. 957; Dana's History of 
Woodstock, 1889; State Papers Vt., 1:169; Crockett's History of Ver- 
mont, 1921, 1:225. 



WORCESTER.— Town in Washington County. New Hampshire 
grant as Worster, of 23,040 acres to Joshua Mason and sixty-four asso- 
ciates, June 8, 1763, (State Papers N. H., 26:583). Line with Elmore 
established, (Laws of 1837, p. 10). 

Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, 4:883; Child's Wash- 
ington Co. Gazetteer, 1889, p. 530; Thompson's History of Vermont, 
1842, Part III, p. 199; Hayward's Vermont Gazetteer, 1849, p. 143; 
Deming's Vermont Officers, 1918, p. 263; Coolidge and Mansfield's 
History of New England, i860, p. 960; State Papers Vt., 1:170. 



WYLLIS.— See /ay. 



INDEX 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Abbott, James 86 

Jesse 119 

John 5,236 

Stephen 5, 236 

Abby, Samuel 167 

Thomas 167 

Abeel, James 306, 348, 361 

Ackley, Calvin 128 

Adair, John 253 

Adams, Aaron 73, 101 

Abel 230 

Andrew Jun* 138 

Daniel 75, 126, 202, 207 

Ebenezer 183, 202 

Eleanor 1 26 

Elijah 143 

Elisha 44, 158 

Francis 183 

Gideon 103, 193 

James 177 

James Ju*" 126 

James Callender 177 

Joel 223 

John 180, 228 

Jonathan 177 

Martin 126, 177 

Silas 162 

William 40 

Agard, Joseph 103 

Aiken, Aikin, Edward. .. .3,4,46, 127, 174, 
187, 192, 250, 316 

James 170, 172 

Jonathan 50, 62 

Peter 6 

Solomon. . . •. 170, 172 

William 3,4, 250 

Alden, Zenas 162 

Alderman, John 32 

Alexander, Aaron 106 

Asa 8 

John 8 

Philip 106 

Reuben 8 

Alford, Benedict 45 

Alfords, Elijah 205 

Alger, Amiel 66 

Andrew 144 

Allen, Aaron 137 

Betsey ioi 

Carline 194 

Ebenezer. . 18, 38, 73, 103, 187, 193, 291 



Allen, Cont., Elihu 105 

Elisha 19, 193 

Esquire 70 

Ethan. .65, 86, 192, 201, 226, 252, 255, 
266,304,321,330,350,357 

Ezra 73 

Heber 86, 194, 213 

Heman 251 

Ira 4, 16, 19, 35, 42, 48. 50, 57, 62, 

70. 73, 77, ioi, 103, 106, 119, 139, 
140, 142, 177, 187, 189, 192, 213, 235, 
236, 237, 250, 251, 261, 308, 372, 373 

Joseph 28, 180 

Joshua 84 

Lorrain 194, 213 

Mary 213 

Moses 34 

Nancy 101 

Nathan. 73, 101, 125, 187, 193, 195, 201 

Noah 73 

Parmalee 19^ 

Samuel 19, 59, 73, 103, 140, 142, 19^ 

Samuel Ju r io^ 

Solomon 10* 

Susannah 8, 

Ambrose, Benjamin 35 

Ammadon, Caleb 3g 

Anderson, James 6, 196, 25j 

William 2g 

Andres, Nehemiah 3 

Andrew, Isaac 12* 

Andrews, Benajah l85 

David 89 

James 15 

Joseph 10° 

Joshua 123 

Timothy 59, 286, 289, 30 8 

William 154 

Andrus, David 8° 

Ephraim io 2 

Isaac 86, 225 

Isaac Jun 84 

Jehiel 136 

John 135 

Lemuel 65 

Mary 34 

Moses 136 

Phinehas 145 

Roswel 89 

Simeon 66 

Timothy... 64, 94, 95, 149, 151, 207, 334 



378 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Angel, James 87 

Nedebiah 192 

Angell, Israel 130 

Joseph 164 

Arduway, Benjamin 185 

Moses 185 

Armstrong, Hezekiah 76 

Arnold, Abigail 147 

Asa 147 

Caleb 211 

Caleb Jur 21 1 

David Jur 21 1 

John Crawford 177 

Jonathan 24, 25, 86, 129, 147, 

177,268,318,344 

Lyndon 130 

Patience 147 

Samuel Green 147 

Thomas 147 

Welcome 130, 147 

William 130 

Artherton, Jonathan 101 

Ashburn, Benjamin 78 

Ashley, Benjamin 43, 68 

Benjamin Jr 43 

Daniel 8 

David 170, 172 

Elijah 43 

Elisha 18, 73, 103 

Elkanah 75, 192 

John 192, 228 

Moses 170, 172 

Oliver 50, 57, 86, 125 

Samuel 8, 348, 349, 371 

Thomas 73, 75, 193 

William 18, 73, 103 

Astins, David 50 

Hezekiah 50 

Atkinson, Theodore 240, 241, 243, 244 

Atwater, Enos 64 

Jeremiah 59. 95. "• 

John 64 

Reuben 138 

Russell 138 

Samuel 64 

Austin, Aaron 151 

Archibald 68 

Calvin 34 

David 56 

Elijah 59, 68 

Gad 183, 228 

Hezekiah 56 

Horace 68 

Jacob 102 

John 112 

Joshua 64 

Mahabel 68 

Seth 62, 208, 228 



Averil, Jesse 103, 201 

Joseph 126, 201 

Josiah 200 

Simeon ioi 

Averill, Dudley 45, 202 

Samuel 272, 315, 336 

Averiss, Joseph 73 

Zadock 73 

Averist, Benjamin 73, 193 

James 193 

Zadock 45 , 187 

Avery, David 76 

Humphrey 254, 261, 299, 340 

John 70 

Samuel 9, 14, 253, 254, 255, 257, 

258, 260, 261, 262, 334, 340, 368 

Simeon 135, 194 

Ayer, Elisha 8 

Aylesworth, Jcdediah 126 

Aylsworth, Abel 125 

Aynsworth, Henry 174 

Babbitt, Asa 153 

Daniel 153 

Isaac 153 

Nathaniel 153 

Babcock, Amos 95 

Bachelor, (See also Batchelior) John 36 

Backus, Elijah 99 

Bacon, Daniel Jr 38 

Eber.ezer 89, 160 

Elijah 16 

William 228 

Badger, Abner 48 

Enoch 48 

Enoch Jr 48 

Joseph 128 

Baiden, Jonathan 8 

Bailey, (See also Bayley), Ephraim 86 

Jacob 285, 327 

Samuel 8 

Baker, Absolum 18, 225, 370 

Eli 18 

Elisha 73, 225 

Elisha Junr 125, 225 

Ezra 201, 225 

Ira 225 

John 89, 160 

Remember 252, 255 

Balbridge, John 280 

Balcomb, Henry 43 

Baldwin, (See also Bawldwin) Abraham. 208 

Dudley 207 

Jared 62, 189 

Joel 228 

Ball, Abraham 205 

Bancroft, John. 45 

Banggs, Adna 195 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



379 



Bangs, Adonijah 181 

Banister, Seth 1 19 

Solomon 1 19 

Banyar, Goldsbrow 3 1 1 

Barber, Andrew 8 

James 89, 160 

John 89, 160 

Joseph 66, 123 

Noah 7° 

Bardsley, Benjamin Ju r 168 

Hezekiah 59 

Barker, Oliver 207 

Timothy 192 

Zebediah 51,55 

Barlow, Aaron 138, 183 

James 138, 183 

Joel 183,207 

Nathaniel 183 

Barnard, Dan Jr 45 

Francis 263 

Joseph 45,48 

Matthew 164 

Barnes, Giles 144 

Joseph 70 

Barney, Thomas 103 

Barnum, Richard 193 

Barr, Alexander 157 

Elijah 138 

Barrett, John 20,63, 158,200 

John Jr 20, 63 

Oliver 66 

Oliver (of Williamstown) 201 

Samuel 103 

Thomas 20 

Barron, John 80, 82 

Bartholomew, Abner 196 

Timothy 194, 195 

Bartlet, Benjamin 77 

Daniel 183 

Ebenezer 77 

Elisha 16 

Isaac 147, 164 

Moses 113 

Bartlett, Nathaniel 183 

Barton, Andrew 123, 193 

Bezaleel 170, 172 

David 16 

Obadiah 5 

Peter 170, 172 

William 15, 16, 130, 164, 211, 264 

Bascomb, Josiah 366 

Bask, Timothy 153 

Basset, Jedediah 223 

Bassett, Daniel 112 

Basto, Ebenezer 99 

Batchellor,(See also Bachelor) Daniel 50, 55 

Timothy _. 50, 55 

Bawldwin,(See also Baldwin) Frederick. . 20 



Bawldwin, Con!., Jonathan 203 

Bayley, (See also Bailey) Fry 193 

Jacob 49, 50, 52, 56, 203 

Jacob Jr 50 

Ward 126 

Beach, Barney 46 

Ebenezer 157 

Gershom 44, 66, 192, 281 

Gershom 2<i 44, 157 

James 46 

John 46 

Mary Stewart 66 

Miles 183,208 

Samuel 44, 66, 135, 157, 334 

William 183 

Beal, William 8 

Beaman,(See also Beeman) Daniel. .65, 119 

Joseph 181 

Nathan 122 

Bean, Daniel 66 

John 200 

Beard, Philip 5, 236 

Beardsley, Lemuel 168 

Stephen 168 

Beck, Joseph 371 

Beebe, Asal 75 

David 86 

David Jun 86 

Gideon 144 

Beecher, Moses 36 

Beekman, Geraldus W 320 

Beeman, (See also Beaman), Daniel 75 

Ebenezer 78 

Elijah 80, 82 

Joseph 238 

Beers, Abigal 95 

Elias 59, 95, 112 

Isaac 59, 95 , 1 1 2 

Jonathan 168 

Nathan 59. 95 

Belcher, Abigail 89, 160 

Andrew ,89, 160 

Calvin Burt - 89, 160 

Samuel 89, 160 

William 63 

Woodbridge 89, 160 

Belden, Noah 102 

Belknap, David 170, 172 

Jesse 73,187,192 

Moses 162, 170, 172 

Simeon 170, 172 

Bell, Harvy 21 

Solomon 21 

Bellamy, David 95 

Bement, Asa 22 

Ebenezer 22 

Benedick, Isaac 5, 236 

Benedict, Samuel 162, 176 



380 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Benjamin, Caleb 230 

Daniel 230 

John 193, 200 

Bennet, Daniel 59 

John 137 

Joseph 89, 160 

Thomas 164 

Benson, Daniel 93. 94 

Joseph 105 

Moses 93. 94 

Bentley, Theophilas 5, 236 

Thomas 20 

Benton, Asa 40 

Medad. 176 

Samuel 20, 75, 80, 81, 105, 123, 193, 267 

Benzel, Adolphus 250, 321 

Bernard, Francis 350, 370 

Beverly, John 145 

Bewel, (See also Buel) Joseph 167 

Bibius, Ebenezer 1 13 

Bicknal, Amos 150 

Bidwell, Jonathan 166 

Bigelow, Amos 200 

John 84 

Samuel 158 

Timothy 140, 141, 324 

Biggsbee, Benjamin 162 

Bill, Calvin 192 

Elijah 99 

Billing, Daniel 137 

Billings, Andrew 99 

Asahel 76, 91 

Frederick 156 

Henry 99 

Samuel 123, 193 

Billins, John 176 

Bingham, Anna 66 

Ariel 196 

Benjamin 75 

Caleb 144 

Calvin 77 

Jabez 86, 144 

Jebez'. 187 

Jedediah 103 

Jeremiah 41, 137 

Mary 86, 144 

Thomas 23, 153 

Birch, (See also Burtch) Benjamin 209 

Strong 153 

William 174 

Bird, Benjamin 22 

Bishop, Abraham 64, 112 

Daniel 112 

Israel 112 

Mahitable 1 12 

Samuel 64,112,166,230 

Bissel, David 70, 153 

David Jur 153 



Bissel, Con'., Hezekiah 40 

Noadiah 162, 191, 200 

Ozias 70 

Simeon B 153 

Bitterly, William 43 

Black, William. . , 209 

Blackman, Ely 168 

Blackmer, William 176 

Blagden, Samuel 70 

Blair, Absolem 19 

Ezekiel 18 

James 267 

Robert 103 

Seth 32 

Blake, Elihu 205 

John 202 

Nathan Jr 46 

Timothy 27, 269, 352 

Blanchard, Abel 36 

Abiel 36 

Abner 103, 192 

Asahel 193 

David 36 

John Ryan 103 

Peter 36, 50, 55 

Ruben 36 

William 103, 137, 193 

Bland, Elias 303 

Blasdel, Silas 102 

Bless, Adriel 180 

Nathan 180 

Bliss, Thomas 1 19 

Bliven, Joshua 16 

Blodget, Abisha 220 

Archebus 106 

Benjamin 220 

Benjamin Jun 220 

Henry 162 

James 162 

James Junr 162 

Thomas 220 

William 66, 80, 82, 146, 164 

Bloodgood, Joshua .5, 236 

Blunt, Ephraim 50, 55 

Jeremiah A 50 

Boardman, Benjamin 126 

Elijah 77 

John 193, 196 

Jonas 174, 209 

Sherman 126 

William 123 

Bodge, Edward 40 

Bodwell, Jonathan 181 

Boge, (See also Booge), Aaron 1 119 

Bolin, David 68 

Bolton, Rufus 5 

Bonat, Joseph 66 

Bond, Stephen 162 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



3 8! 



Booge (See also Boge), Aaron Jordan 44 

Publius Virgillus 44 

Booth, Elijah 59 

Solomon 168 

Boroughs (See also Burroughs) Stephen. 162 

Bostick, Jesse 34 

Samuel 21 

Bosworth, (See also Bozworth) Frederick 32 

Ichabod 80, 81 

John 32 

John 2d 32 

Botton, Rufus 236 

Boudish, Peter 226 

Bouker, (See also Bowker) Joseph 135, 320 

Bound, Roderick 5, 236 

Bourne, Benjamin 145 

Bowen, Benjamin 16 

Daniel 30 

Ephraim Jun*" 16, 130, 164 

Jabez 164 

Oliver 164 

Oliver Jut" 130 

William 25, 130, 164 

Bowker (See also Bouker), Joseph 

123,187,192,196 

Boyden, Hezekiah 43 

Josiah 192 

Bozideth, Jabez 193 

Bozworth, (See also Bosworth) Jabez. . . .32 

Joshua Chaplin 80, 81 

Brace, James 140, 142 

Brace, Jonathan 140, 142, 167, 207, 230 

Thomas K 167 

Bracket, Charles 28 

Ebenezer 28 

Henry 28 

James 28, 194 

James Jr 28 

Job 28 

Samuel 28 

William 28 

Bradley, Benjamin 105 

Daniel 105 

Jasper ioi 

Joseph 192 

Lemuel 86, 202 

Philip B 68 

Stephen Rowe 19, 73, 138, 324 

Thadeus 138 

Brady, Joseph 5, 236 

Brainard, Israel 50, 54, 57 

Thomas 103, 207 

Branch, Elijah 66, 75 

Brastow, Beriah 84 

Brasur, William 5, 236 

Bra ton, Benjamin 5, 236 

Bratten, Robert 193 

Brattle, James 89, 160 



Brattle, Cor.t., William 89, 160, 270 

Bray, Asa 151 

Breck, George 30 

Breed, John 167 

John McQn 99 

Brewer, Amos 101 

Ebenezer 153 

Thomas 101 

Brewster, Benjamin , 70 

David 176 

Ebenezer 31, 138, 153, 176 

Elisha 198 

Ezekiel 189, 193 

Israel 48 

Jonah 42 

Jonathan 99 

Walter 101 

Bridgeman, John 98.177 

Orlando 80,82 

Bridia, David 186, 187, 351 

Briggs, Ephraim 170, 172 

Brigham, Abner 170, 172 

Don Carlos 48 

Ezekiel Junior 170, 172 

Moses 46, 170, 172 

Paul 153, 174 

Thomas 174 

Bristol, Abel 122 

George A 15 1 

Simeon 151 

Brock, Walter 50, 57 

Brooking, Ithamer. 75 

Brookins, James 73, 189, 192 

Brooks, Joel 167 

Jonathan 73, 105 

Broundige, Timothy 240 

Brown, Aaron 314 

Abraham 21 

Amasa 200 

Andrew 145 

Brewington ioi 

Briant 196 

Bryant 174 

Daniel 32, 89, 160, 200, 273 

Daniel Jr 32 

Ebenezer 200 

Elias 144 

Elijah 158 

Elisha 89,144,160, 164,211 

Elizabeth 164 

Enoch 21 

Isaac 288 

Jacob 43, 140, 141 , 209 

Jesse 211 

John 3 2 »346 

Joseph 130, 164 

Joseph Junr 130 

Josiah 19, 205 



382 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Brown, Con'., Mary 164 

Nathaniel 3, 4, 27, 250 

Nathaniel Bartlet 3,4, 250 

Nicholas 164 

Obadiah 130, 164 

Peter 287 

Rhoda 164 

Ralf 5 

Robert 59 

Rolf 236 

Roswell 32 

Salmon 209 

Samuel 68, 278, 336 

Sarah 32 

Silas 205,353 

Sylvanus 193 

Thomas 32 

Thomas Jr 32, 41, 77, 91 

Timothy 32, 33, 273 

Timothy P 32 

William 101 

Brownal, Amaziah 102 

Brownson, Abraham 64, 66 

Amos 193 

Anthony 101 

David S, 59, 236 

Edward 196 

Eldad 174, 193 

Eli 92 

Gideon 66, 92 

Nathan 193 

Timothy 31, 41, 66, 91, 103, 

140,141,191,192,223,230 

Brush, Alexander 103 

Nathaniel. . .30,41,61,76,91, 188, 193 

Ruth £ 91 

William 42, 193 

Bryant, David 36 

Brydia, David. 193 

Buck, Daniel 213 

Josiah Jr 34, 213 

Josiah 3rd 213 

Lemuel 126 

Lemuel Jur 202 

Buckingham, Reuben 196 

Buckley, Eliphalet 151 

Bucklin, Daniel 145 

Buel, (See also Bewel) Abel 27 

Elias 47, 48, 274, 275, 283 

Elias Jr 48 

John 48 

Major 284 

Numan 102 

Peter 48 

Samuel 48 

Solomon 48 

Bull, David 70 

Jonathan 198 



Bullen, Joseph 103 

Bullock, Timothy 8 

Bumpus, Edward 105 

James 105 

Bunce, Isaac c 

„ Job 5 

Bunn, Isaac 236 

Jobe 236 

Bunnell, George 269 

Burbank, Daniel 19, 225 

Burbridge, John 40 

Burgett, John Jur 103, 188 

Burk, Benja 200 

J e f e 45 

Solomon 200 

Burling, Edward, 281, 290, 291, 306, 309,328 

Burlingham, Nathan 145 

Thomas 211 

Burnet, Jonathan 174 

Burnham, Asa 84, 86, 226 

Eliezur 89, 160 

John 230 

Joshua 84 

Burr, Ebenezer 213 

Elijah 183 

Jabez 183 

James 147 

Joseph 40 

Josiah 183 

Nathan 183 

Samuel 40 

Burrell, David 68 

Jonathan 230 

William 138 

Burrett, Abel 1 12 

Burrill, Charles 112 

Burroughs, (See also Boroughs) Joseph. .168 

Burt, Abel 113 

Asahel 63 

John 63 

Moses 63, 113 

Burtch, (See also Birch) Benja 150 

Burton, Barnabas 209 

Elisha 138,162 

Captain Elisha 190 

Major Elisha 209, 362 

John 209 

Judah 228 

Obadiah 236 

Pierce 209 

Bush, John 153. 2 °9 

Timothy 23, 209 

Bushnell, Eusebius 226 

Butler, Charles IOI 

Jabez 106 

Joel 174.193 

John 87,106 

William 240 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



383 



Butterfield, Benjamin 66 

Thomas 85, 86, 103, 122, 196, 300 

Button, Charles 89, 160 

Lois 185 

Cabbot, Mastin 174 

Cady, James 150 

Jeremiah 88, 160 

John 89, 160 

Jonathan 192 

Warren 89, 160 

Cahoon, Daniel 25, 130 

Calder, Inneas 40 

John 40 

Caldwell, Henry 251, 277 

John 25i* 2 77 

Callender, Abner 183 

Amos 183 

David 183 

Camber, John Henry 27 

Camp, James 213 

Stephen 78 

Campbell, Daniel 63 

Canda, Caleb 95 

Canfield, John 68 

Caprin. Samuel 99 

Cardall, Samuel 99 

Carew, Joseph 190 

Simeon 190 

Carey, Jabez 223 

Carlile, John 164 

Thomas 164 

Carner, Andrew 73 

Derick 73 

Carney, Andrew 128 

Carlton, Timothy 63 

Carpenter, Benjamin 42, 76, 223 

James 27,45,48, 158 

James Jr 27 

Joseph , 190 

Josiah 48 

Stephen 89, 160 

Thomas 180 

Timothv 145 

William 48 

Carr, Timothy 54 

Carrington, Edward 151 

Carter, Ephraim 46 

William 47, 59, 95 

Case, Charles 198 

Elias 213 

Job 198 

Job Junr 198 

Catling, Alexander 34, 207 

Jacob 34 

Thomas 183 

Caton, John 128 

Chace, (See also Chase) Barnabas 102 



Chace, <~on\. Baruch 170, 172 

Caleb 170 

Daniel Corbit 170 

Dudley Junior 170 

Evans 126 

Heber ". 170 

Ithamer 170 

John 164 

Salmon 170 

Samuel 164 

Simeon 170 

Chamberlain, Abner 194 

Amos 193, 195 

David 194 

Elias 193 

Isaac 193, 196 

John 153, 196 

Samuel 32 

Thomas 207 

William 228 

Chamberlin, Moses 91 

Ralf 5,236 

William 36, 50, 57 

Champion, Daniel 66 

Epaphoditus 89, 160, 230 

Henry 89, 160, 230 

Henry Ju*" 89, 160, 230 

Judah 138 

Champlin, Lodwick 99 

Chance, Evans 202 

Chandler, John 223, 348 

John Eliot , 192 

Peter 25 

Theophilus 137 

Thomas Ju r 192 

Thomas L : 145 

Winthrop 1 37 

Chapen, Charles Jur .* 103 

Enoch 144 

Chapin, Isaac 205 

Israel 89, 160, 230 

Oliver 205 

Chaplain, William 174 

Chaplin, William 23 

Chapman, Douglas 19* 

Israel 8 

John 40, 191 

John Jur 191 

Richard 19 1 

Chartier de Lolbinere, Michel 255, 304 

Chase, (See also Chace) Benjamin 23 

Caleb 172 

Daniel Corbit 172 

Dudley 23, 170, 172, 340 

Dudley Junr 172 

Heber 172 

Ithamer I7 2 

Jonathan I53» *74 



3$4 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Chase, Cont., Salmon 23, 172 

Samuel 23 

Seth 23 

Simeon 23, 172 

William 112 

Chatfield, Oliver 59. 95 

Chauncey, Abigail 1 12 

Charles Ill, 112,310 

Elihu 374 

Josiah 292 

Chenavard, John 70 

Cheney, Abiel 40 

Asahel 40 

Caleb 204 

Josiah 203 

Oliver 93. 94 

Wales 89,160 

Chester, Joseph 84 

Child, Benajah 207 

Isaac 43 

Jonathan 86 

Moses 43 

Shubal 150 

Stephen 23, 170, 172 

Timothy 207 

Chipman, Darius 123, 209 

Derias 44 

Edmund 36 

Nathaniel 44, 187, 230 

Thomas 183 

William Jr 23 

Chittenden, Asa 209 

Elizabeth 73, 226 

Giles , 189 

Gills 187,193 

Martin 41, 187, 189, 193, 224, 226 

Nathan 89, 160 

Noah. ... 18, 28, 32, 35, 41, 46, 86, 103, 
123, 125, 187, 194, 196, 201 

Sarah 86 

Thomas 4, 6,9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,15, 18, 
19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 31, 34, 
35. 36, 37. 39. 4 1 . 4 2 > 43. 44. 45. 46, 
47. 49. 50. 5 2 » 57. 60, 62, 65, 66, 67, 
69. 70, 71, 73. 74. 76, 77> 79. 81, 84, 
85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 97, 
99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 108, 109, 
no, in, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 
118, 120, 121, 122, 123, 125, 126, 127, 
129, 130, 132, 136, 138, 139, 140, 141, 
144, 146, 148, 149, 150. 151. i5 2 . 153. 
r 54» x 55. x 57. J 59. J 62, 163, 166, 167, 
169, 171, 174, 175, 177, 179, 181, 182, 
183, 184, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 
192, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 201, 203, 
204, 205, 206, 207, 211, 212, 213, 214, 
216, 218, 219, 221, 223, 225, 226, 227, 
229,230, 231, 237, 255,309,373. 



Chittenden, Cont., Timothy 224 

Timothy Jr 44 

Truman 187 

Chub, Stephen 34 

Church, Ebenezer 176 

Elisha 66, 70 

James 40 

Joseph 223 

Reuben 66 

Samuel 18 

William 106 

Claghorn, James 135 

Clap, Benjamin 240 

Benjamin Jun 240 

Henry Jun 240 

John 196 

Samuel 176 

Clapham, Charles 128 

Clark, Asahel 32 

Caleb 103, 162 

Caleb Junr 162 

Clement 135 

Cyras 103 

Cyrus 19 

Ebenezer 137 

Elijah 89, 160 

Elisha 84, 103, 123, 201 

Elisha 2d 73, 103 

Enoch 89, 160 

Ezekiel 192 

George 80, 82 

Hannah 139 

Henrv 194 

Hezekiah 168 

Ichabod Goodyer 105 

Isaac 19, 73, 103, 192 

Israel Jun 170, 172 

Jacob 150 

Jeremiah 19, 76, 153, 158, 192 

Jeremiah Ju' 193 

John 157 

John 1 146, 164 

John Innes 25, 130, 177 

Jonah 64 

Joseph 198, 230 

Lvdia 146 

Mitchel 153 

Nathan 73, 19 2 

Nathan Jur 103 

Parsons 202 

Robert 73 

Russel 202 

Samuel 18, 30, 103, 195, 211, 225, 

230, 270 

Shelden 59 

Stephen 105, 209 

Theophilus 200 

Thomas 50, 57, 263 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



38s 



Clark, Cont., Timothy 46, 105 

Uzziel 194 

William 45, 89, 158, 160 

William Junr 89, 160 

Zadoc 5, 225, 236 

Cleaveland, Col 311 

Solomon 23 

Clement, John 68 

Cleveland, Oliver 73 

Clough, Joseph 50, 54 

Coats, Reuben 28 

Cobb, Ebenezer 75 

Coburn, John The Heirs of 194 

Richard 38 

Cochran, John 123, 193 

Robert 144, 193, 194, 255 

Coffin, John 192 

Coggesdil, Solomon 18 

Cogswell, Eli 75 

Solomon 80, 82 

Thomas 128, 250 

Coit, Daniel 99, 193 

Nathaniel 128 

William 221, 281, 343, 368 

Colback, Robert 337 

Colden, Lt. Gov.. .252, 261, 263, 267, 26S, 
269, 278, 280, 288, 291, 295, 299, 303, 
306, 310, 312, 313, 315, 320, 322, 325, 
329. 332, 333. 337. 338, 339- 340» 341. 
343. 344» 348. 349. 353. 355. 359. 
361, 362, 369 

Cole, Ebenezer 346 

Harris 299 

Colerove, William 211 

Colle, Simeon 177 

Collins, Daniel 45, 158 

Seth 40 

William 64 

Colt, Arnold 84 

Benjamin 30 

Daniel 30 

Harris : 83, 84 

Joseph 84 

Lucretia 30 

Comins, (See also Cummings) Jonas 180 

William 180 

Comstock, Aaron 228 

Adam 130 

Benjamin Strong 75 

Daniel 192 

Samuel 20, 75, 86, 123, 126 

Thomas The Heirs of 194 

Conant, William 153 

Contrecoeur, Junior 294, 295 

Convers, Edward 89, 160 

Israel 162 

Joseph 158 

Cook, Asahbael 135 



Cook, Cont., Ebenezer, Heirs of 135 

Elisha 350 

Jesse 34, 4S, 223 

John 23, 40, 174 

Jonas 106 

Jonathan 143 

Joseph 146, 228 

Robert 223 

Samuel 143, 230 

Samuel 2nd 30 

Cooley, Benjamin 158 

Reuben 45 

Cooper, John 23 

Samuel 43 

Thomas 193 

Copeland. David 23 

Corbitt, Daniel 205 

Corey, Benjamin 193 

Jacob 137 

Corlis, William 145, 164 

Cornelius, Elias 130 

Corning, Asa 40 

Cornish, James Junr 198 

Couch, Ebenezer 89, 160 

Simeon Jun 183 

Thomas 183 

Courtland, Jonathan 240 

Covil, Ebenezer 34 

Cowden, James 203 

Cowen, Ephraim 318 

James 21 1 

Cowles, Eli 19 

Elijah Junr 198 

Ezekiel 198 

John 80,82 

Cox, Benjamin 150 

Coy, Benjamin 103 

Daniel 103, 202 

Cozens, Charles 164 

Cozine, John 108, 1 10, 309 

Crafford, John 8 

Rosebrook 8 

Craft, Ebenezer 136, 284 

Crafts, Augusta 137 

Ebenezer 36, 322 

Griffin 137 

Lucretia 137 

Mehetable 137 

Metilda 137 

Moses 40, 137 

Samuel 137, 260 

Samuel Jur 137 

Samuel Chandler 137 

Cranch, Elizabeth 180 

Lucy 180 

Richard 180 

Crane, Benjamin 23, 189 

Elisha 63 



386 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Crane, Co?it., Ezra Jun* 128 

Craw, Joseph Jr 18 

Creed, Elizabeth 147 

George 147 

John 147 

Mary 147 

Mary Jur 147 

William 147 

William Jur 147 

Crocker, Daniel 112 

Crompton, James 125 

Crosbie, Amos 119 

Crosby, Samuel Jr. A. M 66 

Cross, Bethuel 174 

Daniel 50, 56 

Jason 36 

Joseph 31 

Shubal 31, 174 

Crown, Andrew 43 

Cruikshank, John 280 

Crumby, Samuel 34 

Culver, Caleb 21, 68 

Cumings, (See also Comins) Oliver 113 

William 38 

Cumpston, John Henry 84 

Curer, Ammi 200 

Currier, Ammi 170, 172 

David. 170, 172 

William 27 

Curtis, Abel 21, 22, 209 

Daniel 198 

David 21, 22 

Ebenezer 86, 174, 191, 192 

Elias 176 

Elnathan Jr 21 

Ephraim 168 

Ezra 168 

Gideon 59 

Isaac 21 

John 209 

Nathan 59 

Silas Jur 168 

Thaddeus 135 

Zebina 150, 196, 230 

Cushing, Thomas 78 

Cushman, Allerton 48 

Cutler, Amos 158 

Benjamin 73, 158 

David 66 

John 45, 119 

Nathaniel Jr 45, 158 

Richard 151 

Solomon 158 

Younglove 198 

Cutting, David 177 

Daggett, John 45, 135, 158 

Joseph 84, 140, 142, 224 



Daggitt, David 151 

Henry Junr 151 

Dam, Theodore 27 

Dana, Benjamin 191, 223 

David 196 

Isaac 200, 223, 336 

Israel Putnam 225 

James 198 

John W.. .. 76, 140, 141, 150, 188, 191, 
196,200,223,225 

Judah 191,225 

Danforth, Ephraim 80, 82 

Danielson, Timothy 137 

Darby, David 8 

Darling, David 211 

Dennis 170, 172 

Davan, John 340 

Davenport, see Dcvinport 

Davis, Abel 174 

Asa 140, 142, 180 

Benjamin 59» 95i I S I 

Benjamin Junr 95 

Charles 4, 236 

Daniel 28, 47, 225 

David 153 

Ebenezer 140, 142, 180 

Edward 28 

Eleazer 45 

Elijah 180 

Eperience 162 

Ezra 38 

Francis 78 

Isaac 95, 151 

Jacob. . . .37, 38, 140, 142, 180, 276, 344 

Jacob Jur 140, 142, 180 

Jeremiah .38, 180 

John 99 

Jonathan 180 

Joseph 95 

Levi 28, 140, 142, 180, 270 

Moses 170. *7 2 

Nathaniel 46 

Neomi 95 

Pearley 180 

Reuben 28 

Richard 5» 2 3° 

Samuel 180 

Sarah 38 

Simon 174 

Stephen 103,225 

Thomas 140, 142, 180 

Davison, Paul 3° 

Day, Benjamin ! 7& 

Benjamin Jur 176 

Elkanah 113 

Heman 3°. IoS 

Joel 230 

Lois H4 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



387 



Day, Com.. Samuel 144, 220 

Samuel Juf 144 

Stephen 151 

Thomas 320 

Winstone Liberty 144 

Dayton, Amos 92 

Nathan 92, 126 

Dean, Annah 31 

Barnabas 213 

David Crocker 228 

Nathan 137 

Simeon 213 

Walter 78 

William 228 

De Beauvais, M 294 

De Foreest, Benjamin 168 

De Forest, David 228 

Othniel 168 

De La Perriere, M 294 

Dellius, Godfrey 285 

Deming, Jonathan 84 

Julius 84 

D'Narm, Jacobus : . 249 

Denison, George 150, 200 

William 99 

Zima 59 

Dennison, David 223 

Zina. . . 202 

Denny, Thomas 349 

De Peyster, Pierre G 312 

Derby, Chester 226 

David 7 

Derry, Abraham 8 

Derwin, Abner 158 

Deshon, (See also Dishon) Richard ,99 

Richard Junr 99 

Devenpoit, Samuel 164 

Dewitt, Peter 151 

Dewey, Ebenezer 176, 213 

Eldad 80, 82, 91, 196, 223 

Elijah. .., .30, 41, 50, 57, 60, 76, 91, 
103, 193, 223, 286 

Elijah Jur 191 

Israel 22 

Paul 86, 213, 228 

Stephen 196, 228 

Zebediah 75 

Dibble, Benjamin 18 

Charles 21, 68 

Charles Jr 21 

Desire 68 

Israel 21 

John A 138 

Truman 21 

Dickenson, Considerate 198 

Elihu 30, 89, 160 

Elijah 30 

Jonathan 198 



Dickenson, Cont , Obadiah 30, 89, 160 

Obadiah Jr 30, 89, 160 

Thomas Wells 198 

Titus 198 

Dimmick, Abel 103, 192, 223 

Austin 223 

David 189 

Dishon, (See also Deshon) John 166 

Dix, Nathan 78 

Dobson, Zera 5, 236 

Dodd, Edward .40 

Dodge, Charles 87 

George Jr 43 

Joshua 43, 174 

William 351 

Doolittle, Benjamin 177 

Charles 91 

Ephraim 43, 102, 333 

Isaac 36 

Lucius 91 

Dooty (See also Doty) Moses 91 

Dorman, Amos 48 

Dorr, Joseph 38 

Dorrance, John 99 

Doty, (See also Dooty) Moses 106 

Oliver 5,236 

Zurashaddai \ .91 

Doughlas, (See also Douglas) Alanson. . 

36, 140 

Asa 36 

Asa Jr 36 

Benajah 125 

Benjamin 125 

Caleb ,....191 

Content 36 

George 19 1 

John 36 

John Hancock 36 

Martha 36 

Samuel I9 1 

Terry 191 

Wheeler 3 6 > 20 3 

William 36, 125, 191 

Zebulon 36 

Douglas, (See also Doughlas) Alanson 142 

Amos 78 

Asa 86 

Asa Jun 80, 82 

Benjamin 7& 

Eli 78,80,82 

John 78,80,82 

John Hancock 202 

Nathaniel Jun 86 

Thomas James 99 

Wheeler 64, 65 

William 78, 79, 81, 188, 296 

William Jr 78,80,82 

Douville, M 294 



388 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Dow, Abraham 323 

Noah 128 

Thomas 50 

Dowe, Thomas 55 

Downer, Andrew 27 

Joseph 196 

Doyle, Richard 91 

Doyhe, James 35 

Drake, Jesper 240 

Drakeley, Samuel 59, 95 

Thomas 59, 95 

William 59, 95 

Draper, James Junior 189 

Drew, Jonathan 101 

William 122 

Drewry, Ebenezer 75, 192 

Drury, Ebenezer 42 

Duane, James 337 

Dudley, Asa 73 

Benjamin 5, 236 

Eleazer 19, 73, 158 

Nicholas 43 

Phinehas 19 

Dummer, Nathan 112 

William 287 

Duncan, George 62, 207, 329 

Isaac 63 

Jason 192 

John 63 

Lucy 63 

William 63 

William Jr 63 

Dunham, Joseph 225 

Josiah 174 

Dunning, David 20 

Matthew 18 

Stephen 19, 226 

Dunmore, Gov 250, 252, 280, 286, 290, 

293. 300. 312. 3H. 315. 320» 321, 
323. 325, 328, 330, 332, 336, 337, 

^ „ T .„. 340.345.346.349 

Dunton, William 18 

Durkee, Adan 176 

Bartholomew 153, 207 

Benjamin 228 

Heman 176 

John 209 

Joseph 89, 160 

Nathan 191 

Thomas 209 

Timothy 176 

Dutcher, Christopher 75 

Gabriel 128 

Ruluff 128 

Dutton, Samuel 174 

Dwennell, Jonathan 46 

Dwight, Henry W 1 96 

Timothy 319 



Dyar, Thomas 40 

Dyer, (See also Dyre) Eliphalet. . . .40, 194 

Dyke, Nathan 66 

Dyre, William 86, 226 

Easterbrooks, Experience 50, 57 

Eastman, Calvin 123 

Enoch 123, 193 

John 30 

Jonathan 123 

Jonathan Junr 123 

Stephen 123 

Timothy 30 

Easton, Timothy 167 

Eaton, Abner 19 

Alpheus 19 

Isaiah 63 

John 192 

Eayrs, Samuel 6 

Edcomb, Jonathan 205 

Eddy, Richard 145 

Thomas 162 

Ede, Jesse 211 

Edey, Ephraim 200 

Nathan 200 

Edgar, Nahum 230 

Edgerton, Ariel 162 

Asa 23, 162, 191 

Elisha 99 

Ezra 162 

Hezekiah 99 

Jabez 48 

Jabish 45, 158 

Edmund, Asa 45, 158 

Joseph 158 

Edwards, Frances 112 

Jonathan 64, III, 112, 138, 310 

Lemuel 38, 180 

Nathaniel 144, 230 

Noah 89, 160 

Pierpont 112, 138 

Robert 180 

Timothy 112 

Eells, James 166 

John 166 

Ozias 166 

Roger 166 

Eggleston, Azeriah 78 

Benedict 230 

Nathaniel 3 2 

Ela, (See also Ely) Samuel 50, 55 

Elderkin, Jedediah 39. 4°. 2 77 

Eliot, (See also Elliot) Aaron 1 5 1 

John 34 

Elkins, Jonathan 3^. 57 

Jonathan Jr 3^ 

Elliot, (See also Eliot) Andrew 28, 323 

John 28 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



S89 



Ellis, Benjamin 47 

Elisha Jr 30 

Joseph 46 

Simeon 46 

Ellison, Thomas Jun 240 

William 240 

Elmer, Samuel 86 

Elmore, Martin Jr 68 

Samuel 67, 80, 82, 289 

Samuel Jr 68 

Elsworth, Israel 45 

Ely, (See also Ela) Adriel 84 

Benjamin 198 

David 64,68,168 

Edmund 32 

Elisha 84 

Isaac H 63 

Joseph 32 

Justin 38 

Emerson, Asa 170, 172 

Daniel 170, 172 

Enoch 170, 172, 200 

Ezekiel 170, 172 

Joseph 21 

Thomas 170, 172 

Emery, Richard 295 

Emmes, Clark 32 

Emmis, Joshua 123 

Emmons, Abel 150 

Benjamin 150, 174, 192, 341 

Endicott, see Indicott 

English, Andrew 78 

Joel 150 

Enos, Jerusha ioi 

Jerusha Jun 101 

Joseph 93,94 

Pascal P 200 

Roger 69, 101, 199,200,290,359 

Roger Junr 99, ioi , 200 

Sybbil 99 

Ensign, Eliphalet 213 

Eude, John Hendk 198 

Evans, Charles 43 

John 176 

Jonathan 181, 223 

Moses 209 

Williams 162 

Evarts, (See also Everts) John 320, 328. 345 

Everett, Noble 138, 226, 230 

Samuel Elmore 68 

Everist, Benjamin 45 

Zadock 193 

Everts, (See also Evarts) James 

4S.75.158.187 

Ewing, Alexander 92 

William 92 

E wings, James 63 



Fairbank, Joseph 86 

Fairbanks, Nathan 113 

Fairchild, Lewis 168 

Moses 183 

Robert 36 

Fairchilds, Zachariah 228 

Fairman, William Jun r .224 

Fanning. Edmond 330, 353, 355 

Farley, Samuel 56 

Farmer, Christian 240 

Christian Jun 240 

John 240 

Peter 240 

Robert 240 

Samuel 240 

Farnsworth, Joseph 119, 126, 189, 200 

Oliver 207 

Farnum, Peter 194 

Farquahar, W*n 267 

Farr, Anthony 225 

Farrand, Asa 187, 226 

Daniel 75 

Joseph 187 

Rosanna 144 

Timothy .84 

William 144 

Fassett, Amos. . .41, 72, 77, 91, 193, 196, 290 

Anna .42 

Benjamin 41, 61, 77, 91, 201 

David 42,77,86,91, 126,203 

Hannah 4*. 9* 

John. . 41,70,76,91, 106, 193, 196, 202 

John Jr.. . 19, 31, 41, 45, 73, 76, 86, 91, 

126, 139, 140, 142, 192, 196, 202, 223, 

226, 230, 277, 293 

Jonathan 41, 45, 86, 103, 193, 277 

Nathan 42,91, 103,202 

Sabra 77 

Faulcaut, M 295 

Faulkner, Daniel 137 

Peter 137 

Favilee, Samuel 5° 

Fay, Benjamin 41, 77. 86, 193 

Challice 91 

David .38,70 

Elijah 123, 194 

Heman A 91 

Jedediah 91 , 209 

John 34, 103, 193, 200 

Jonas 19, 41, 76, 84, 91, 123, 138, 

140, 142, 192, 202, 207, 293, 301 

Joseph 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 

21, 22, 24, 25, 26,31, 33, 34, 35, 3 6 » 

39„4i, 42, 46, 49, 52, 60, 61, 62, 65, 

70, 71, 74, 76, 79, 81, 86, 87, 88,96, 

97>9 8 >99» I02 » io 3> io 4, ! °6, lo8 > 10 9' 
no, in, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 
123, 125, 127, 129, 132, 134, 136, 138, 



390 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Fay, Cont., Joseph, 

139, 140, 142, 146. 151, 152, 157, 
158, 159, 163, 165, 167, 177, 179, 1S1, 
183, 184, 193, 195, 200, 201, 204, 206, 
207, 209, 212, 216, 218, 219, 223, 230 

Josiah 91, 193 

Lydia 91 

Nathan .': .78, 144 

- Polly 86 

Samuel 38 

. Stephen 19, 37, 38, 70, 73, 103, 193, 276 

Stephen Jr 70 

Timothv 91 

Fellows, Abiel 128 

Ezra. ..... .41, 77, 78, 80, 82, 86, 123, 

-.: - 125, 183, 194, 228 

John 78, I2S.228 

John Jr 41,78,228 

Rachael 128 

William 41, 228, 296 

Fel^hausen, John 348 

Fenner, Arthur Ju*" 145 

Arthur 3d 145 

Edward 145 

Fennor, John 145 

Fenton, Roswell 62, 209 

Ferguson, see Furguson 

Ferrent, Daniel 138 

Ferris, Benjamin 240, 279 

. David 303 

Zachariah 303 

Ferry, Jonathan 81 

Field, Abner 145 

Asaph Warren 95 

Benet 48 

Bohan P 95, 198 

Ebenezer 95 

: Ebenezer Jun r 95, 198 

Elisha 41 

Elisha Junior 189 

Jeremiah 145 

Jesse 76,103,193 

Loring Sheldon 95 

Nehemiah 145 

Pardon 145 

Rodolphus W 95, 198 

Rufus 271 

Samuel 48, 84 

. Seth 271 

Thomas 145 

William 145 

•Fielding, Ebenezer 209 

Filley, Sylvannus 70 

r Filmore, Luther 103, 194 

Fletcher, Samuel 76 

Finy, Jonathan 80 

Fish, David 176 

Joseph ,. 176 



Fish, Cent. Josiah 76 

Nathan 176 

Fisher, Daniel 43 

John 240 

Nathan 133 

Noah 113 

Fisk, David 38 

Ebenezer 34, 126, 138, 193, 196,197, 358 

Enoch 158 

Experience 62 

Henry Jr 38 

Ichabod E 34, 198 

Isaac 34, 198 

John 21, 34, 193, 19S 

Joseph 196 

Nathan 62, 329 

Nathan Jr 62 

Ruth 34, 13S 

Sarah 34, 138 

Solomon 34, 138, 198 

Stephen 62, 1 13, 162 

Sylvanus 62, 113 

Fitch, Ebenezer 95, 112 

Tabez 99 

John 48 

Jonathan 166 

Joshua 192 

Joshua Junr 128 

Nathaniel 112 

Tnadeus 158 

William 123, 192 

Flag, Joseph 22 

Flage, Benj 327 

Ebenezer 130 

John 42, 92 

Flanders, Zebulon 27 

Fletcher, Benjamin 8 

Ebenezer 128 

Kazelton 76 

James 75,76 

Samuel.. 43, 106, 108, 127, 192, 202, 
203,308,316 

Samuel Junior 189 

Flin, Michael 150 

Flint, Nathan 19S 

Floyd, Ebenezer 164 

Folger, Robert 164 

Follett, Timothy 61, 230 

Folsom, See Fulsome 

Foot, Alyir 7$ 

Daniel 45 

George 78, 80, 82, 140, 141, 189, 193 

John I3 8 

John Alford 138 

Nathan 19 2 

William Lambert 13 s 

Forbes, Elijah 59' 95 

Forbs, John 135 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



391 



Forbs, Cont., Samuel. 202 

William 95 

Ford, Daniel 189 

Forsyth, William 66 

Forster, Jonah 325 

Fosdick, Nichols 99 

Foskett, Thomas 38 

Foster, Edward 137 

Ephraim 36 

Jes6e 211 

Jonathan 8 

Nathan 223 

Reuben 5, 236 

Theodore 130 

Foucault, Francis 251, 277 

Fowler, Benjamin 123 

Josiah 138 

Franklin, Henry 240, 365 

Fravise, Jeremiah 3 19 

Freeman, Jonathan 46, 209 

Otis 46, 209 

Phinehas 59, 95 

Thomas 263 

Thomas Ju» 153 

French, Andrew 187 

Edmund 202 

Francis 101 

Jeriel 168 

John 168 

Joseph 101 

Obadiah 101 

Samuel 168 

Thomas 28 

Frinck, Andrew 128 

Arthur 128 

Frink, Israel 89, 160 

Frisbe, Ebenezer 73 

Frisbie, Elisha 207 

Nathaniel 207 

Frizzel, Joel 141 

Frost, George 355 

James 5, 236 

Fuller, Amos 20, 82 

Asa 135 

Benjamin 223 

Daniel 176 

David 150, 207 

Isaac 80 

Lot 33 

Robert 19 

Samuel 50, 54 

Samuel Jr 56 

Fulsome, John 66, 193 

Marium 66 

Furguson, David 147 

Gage, William 123, 192 

Gale, Abijah 46 

Gallop, Nathan 70 



Gallup, Elisha 174 

Joadam 207 

Oliver 150 

Perias 150 

William 150, 174, 192, 207 

William Jur.. *. 150 

Galpin, Samuel 34 

Galusha, Amos 189, 193 

Beaulah 75, 202 

David. . . .64, 84, 126, 140, 142, 192, 

226, 

Elijah 19, 28, 46, 73, 86, 194, 196, 

223, 226 

Elijah Ju* 201 

Jacob 1 28 

Jonas 31, .41, 64, 73, 77, 84, 103, 

125, 140, 142, 189, 193, 223, 226 

Mary 140, 142 

Gamble, Daniel . 126 

James 64, 77, 84, 126. 140, 142, 187, 202 

James Jur 126 

Gardiner, Jesse 36 

Gardner, Nathaniel 80, 82 

Simeon 80, 82 

Stephen 164 

Garner, Benjamin 192 

Garret, Magnes 240 

Gates, Daniel 106 

Josiah 295 

Laben. 23 

Peter 181 

Zelotes 174 

Gay, David 68 

Ebenezer 68 

Richard Junr 198 

Gaylord, Samuel Jr 30 

Gazlay, Jonathan 95 

Geer, Nathan 128 

Gelston, Cotton 164 

Geoes, Derrick J 228 

Gibbs, Job 68 

John 164 

Joseph 180, 205 

Samuel Elmore 68 

Gibson, Samuel 167 

Gifford, Josiah 145 

Gilbert, (See Guilbert) Daniel 

27, 150, 174, 176 

Elias 21 

John 34 

Joseph 21,367 

Thadeus . 75 

Gilcrease, James 126 

Giles, Benjamin 191 

Gilkey, William 46 

Giliett, (See also Jillet) Cephas 119 

Gilman, Antipas 128, 250 



392 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Gilson, (See also Guilson) Cotton 16 

Gleazen, Joseph .19 

Glines, Eli 50,55 

Glover, John 78, 296 

Godman, (See also Goodman) Noah 38 

Goodale, Abel 38 

Goodell, Daniel 137 

Goodger, Stephen 183 

Goodhu, Josiah Junr 113 

Goodman, (See also Godman) Moses 70, 213 

Noah 144 

Stephen 30 

Thomas. 70 

Goodnough, Levi 193 

Goodrich, Charles 78, 80, 82, 89, 160 

Charles Junr 89, 160 

Chauncy 207 

Eleazer 151 

Elizur 112 

James 88, 160 

Jeremiah 167 

John 162 

Joseph 228 

Joshua 354 

Stephen 167 

Sybbil 140, 142, 196 

William 21, 140, 142, 167, 187, 195, 

228, 267 

Zachariah 183 

Goodwin, George. 22 

... Jacob 50, 54 

Samuel 40 

Goodyear, Stephen 64 

JGorden, Joseph 50 

-- . Joseph Jr 50 

Gordon, C. H 291 

.- . Henry 291 

John. 291 

Joseph 55 

Peter 291 

Gore, Amos 223 

.. * . Elijah : 16, 92, 223 

Elisha 76 

Gorham, Isaac 183 

£%. Isaac Jun 183 

Jabez 147 

Gorton, Benjamin 16 

- j . Israel 145 

John 16 

Joseph 16 

Goss, John 125 

jr. Phillip 8 

Gould, Benjamin 66 

,~. . Hezekiah 45, 138 

James 209 

William 80, 81, 138, 230 

Gove, John 48 

... .Nathaniel 61 



Grace, John 78 

Graham, Chauncy 268 

David 119 

Ennes 240 

John 119, 138 

Joseph 119 

Narcissus 119 

Robert 45, 119 

Sheldon 40, 118, 119, 299 

Grainger, Zadock 223 

Grandy, Cyrus 5, 236 

Grant, Benjamin 153 

Charles 126 

John 18,73.193 

Josiah 18, 73, 193 

Mindwell 125 

Noah 48 

Peter 153 

Graton, John 78 

Graves, Aaron 1 19 

Elnathan 89, 160 

Perez 89, 160 

Simeon 119 

Gray, Edward 68 

James 193 

John 123, 183, 188 

Mary 68 

Green, Amos 219, 299, 369 

Barkus 150 

Benjamin 46 

Beriah 150, 192, 200 

Ebenezer 153,209,331 

Henry 226 

John C 145 

John Morley 130 

Joseph 162 

Thomas 225 

Timothy 84 

Timothy Jun r 84 

William 130 

Greene, Christopher 130 

Greenwood, Moses 205 

Gregory, Jabez 68 

Josiah 225 

Gridley, Nathaniel 138 

Griffin, Joseph 103 

William 181 

Griswold, Hiver 19 1 

Jeremiah 163 

Joseph 162 

Matthew 4° 

William....... 16 

Griswould, Benjamin 7° 

Friend 70 

George 7° 

John 153 

Mathew 138 

Nathan 7° 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



393 



Griswould, Cont., Nathaniel 70 

Noah 70 

Sylvannus 70 

Grout', Elijah Jr 63 

Grover, John 19 

Phineas 167 

Grow, Timothy 150 

Guilbert, (See also Gilbert) Elnathan. . 135 

Guilson, (See also Gilson) Cotton 145 

Gunn, Abigail 36, 202 

Gurnsey, Ebenezer 158 

Hacker, Joshua 164 

Hail, Amos 205 

James Jur 205 

Halbirt, John 366 

Haldimand, Gen 251, 277 

Hale, Amos 76, 113, 187, 260 

Amos 2 113 

Asa 135 

Ashbel 166 

David 135, 166 

Elisha 167 

George 167 

Gideon 166 

James 113 

John 48 

Josiah 13S, 166 

Moses 135 

Nathan 1 1 2, 208 

Richard Jr 48 

Salome 1 1 2 

Hall, Alpheus 189 

Ambrose 84 

Benjamin 46 

Eliakim 360, 364 

Elias 189 

Elihu 298, 300 

Hiland 254 

Jacob 170, 172 

Jeremiah 335 

John 40 

Jonathan 174 

Levi 147 

Oliver 63 

Thomas 180 

Willis 150, 170, 172 

Hallock, Jesse 239, 240, 344, 347 

Halsey, Jeremiah 70 

Hambleton, Dudley 19 

Hamilton, Capt 311 

Archibald 312 

Elisha 73 

John 73, 192, 205 

Silas.... 87, 170, 172, 181, 192, 205, 

. ;\ 301.369 

Silas Jur 193 

Hamlin, Oliver 31 



Hamlington, Reuben 106 

Hammet, Job 137 

Hammond, David 38 

Handay, Robert 176 

Hanks, Uriah 158 

Harbuck, Thomas 28 

Harding, Amos 78 

Timothy 209 

Harmon, Benjamin Jur \. .... 167 

Reuben 123 

Reuben Ju r 187 

Harris, Andrew 145 

Andrew (of Johnson) 145 

Caleb 145 

Ebenezer 205, 223 

Edward 9 2 »93, 192, 302 

Eleazar 106 

George 194 

Israel 125, 225 

Job :...84 

John 27, 145 

Samuel 200 

Timothy SO, 54 

William 145 

Hart, Abel 21, 34 

Abeljr 21 

Isaac 106 

Nathan 138 

Nathaniel 64 

Hartwell, William 8 

Harvey, Alexander 36, 50, 57 

Solomon 8 

Harwood, Peter 80, 82, 193 

Samuel 28 

Haskel, Joseph 86 

Haskell, Prince ..263 

Haskill, Barnabas 162 

Haskins, David 1 35 

Hastings, Cynthia 25 

Jonathan 42 

Lemuel 63 

Moses 137 

Sylvanus 63 

Haswell, Anthony 266 

Hatch, Israel 84 

Noah 207 

Hathaway, Asahel. , 32 

Isaac 42 

Hathewav, Abraham 112, 187 

Alford 187 

Alphred 112 

Anna 112, 230 

Erastus 112 

Jale 230 

Joshua 112 

Levi 1 12, 187, 194 

Shadrach 70, 86, 112, 123, 187, 193, 230 
Silas 101, 112 



394 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Hatheway, Cont. t Simeon 34, 70, 123, 187, 

189,192,230 

Simeon Ju*" 77, 1 12, 187, 194, 202 

Haven, Hezekiah 8 

Joseph 176, 185 

Robert 185 

Samuel 107 

Havens, Daniel 176 

Joseph 73 

Robert 176 

Haviland, Nathan 209 

Hawkins, Daniels 130 

Joseph ..48 

Ozias 48 

Hawley, Aaron 168 

Cyrus 168 

Daniel Ju* 168 

David 168 

Elisha 174, 207 

Francis 168 

Gideon 168 

Isaac 168 

James 35, 41, 103, 168, 200 

Joseph 30, 168 

Matthew 168 

Milton 64, 168 

Peter 122 

Thomas 168 

Walliston 168 

William 183 

Wolcott 168 

Haws, Robert 36 

Hayden, Benjamin 28 

Benjamin Jr 28 

Ely 28 

Samuel 205 

Thomas 28, 70 

Zeba 28 

Hayer, William 240 

Haynes, Aaron 41, 187 

, David 119 

Hayward, Benjamin 106 

Caleb 106 

Calvin 106 

Ephraim 54 

Ethan 106 

Jacob 204 

John 31 

Jonathan 106 

Levi 106 

Nathan 106 

Nathaniel 56 

Paul 106 

Silas 106 

War-field 205 

William 106 

Haywood, Daniel 280 

Hazeltine, John 355 



Hazelton, Peter 106 

Hazen, Edward 150 

Joshua 170, 172 

Heath, Jonathan 36 

Hecock, Silas 95 

Hedges, David 162 

Hendee, Joshua 162 

Hendin, Abel 185 

Hendy, Benjamin 16 

Charles 16 

Henry, William 194 

Henshaw, Benjamin 182 

Hermon, Reuben 193 

Reuben Jun*" 123 

Herrick, Daniel 103, 193 

Francis 103 

Rufus 228 

Samuel. . . .73, 103, 187, 192, 202, 321, 

330.3SO.357 

Hewen, Ebenezer 106 

Nathaniel 106 

Hibbard, Dyar 162 

Ithamer 19, 103, 123, 192 

James 176 

John 23,153,176 

John Jur 176 

Nathan 144 

Silas 48 

Zebulon Jun*" 162 

Hickok, see Hecock 

Hide, (See also Hyde) Amasa 31 

Ichabod 30 

Jedediah 86 

Higby, Daniel 34 

Elnathan 103 

Hildrich, Joseph 106 

Hildrup, Joseph 22 

Thomas 40 

Thomas Jocilin 40 

Hilhouse, David 84 

James 59, 95, 112 

John 84 

JohnG 59,9s 

Rebecka 95 

Reuben 59 

William 59, 68, 95 

Hill, Charles 191 

Isaac 66 

James 103, 196 

John 119 

Jonathan 34 

Levi 103 

Peleg 84 

Phinehas 135 

Solomon 158 

Thomas 50, 56 

William 192 

Hills, Samuel 167 



, 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



395 



Hind, Jacob 77 

Hine, Patrick 5, 236 

Simeon 226 

Stephen 122 

Hinman, Aaron 59 

Benjamin 59, 95 

Eleazer 315 

Elisha 149 

Isaac 95 

Timothy 59. 95 

Timothy Jr 59 

Truman 59 

Hinsdale, Daniel 40 

Jacob 144 

Hinesdile, Joseph 144 

Joseph Jur 144 

Hinsdill, Joseph 42, 66, 77 

Moses 128 

Hitchcock, Bramton 203 

David 93, 304, 338 

Lyman 36, 84, 140, 142, 202 

Sophia 36 

Hocquart, Mons 255, 304 

Hodges, Edmond 150, 174, 191 

Edward 46 

Gilbert 200 

John 200 

Seth 174.193 

Hogoboom, Jeremiah 66 

Hoit, David 194 

Jonathan 201 

Thomas 50, 55 

Holbrook, Caleb 28 

David 28 

James 28 

John 16 

Jonathan 28 

Michael 16 

Moses • 28, 106 

Holcomb, Noah 128 

Holden, Ephraim 8 

Filemon 113 

John 130 

Hollam, Edward 84 

John 84 

Robert 99 

Holland, Stephen 287 

Hollenbeck, John 188 

Holman, Daniel 28 

Jonathan 28 

Holmes, James 128 

Jonathan F 8 

Nathaniel 193 

Uriah 151 

William 36, 202 

Holroyd, William 164 

Holt, Abiel 89, 160 

Stephen 89, 160 



Holton, Aaron 106 

Joel 89, 160 

Lemuel 198 

Nathan 198 

Hooker, Asahel 8,113 

Daniel 8 

Hezekiah 192 

Israel S 113 

James 70, 193 

John 113 

Joseph 355 

Riverius 8, 1 13 

Thomas 194 

William 18, 103, 183, 194 

Hopkins, Benjamin 193 

Benjamin, Heirs of 66 

Charles 40, 70 

Frederick 42, 78, 188 

Henry "193 

James 193 

Lemuel 207 

Levi 35 

Moses 35 

Nehemiah 75 

Noah 153 

Roswell. .7, 34, 83, 84, 93, 96, 97, 135, 
158, 186, 193, 202, 213, 244, 245, 305 

Roswell Jr 70 

Rufus 164 

Samuel 30, 34 

Stephen 189, 193 

Wait, Heirs of 66 

Hopson, John 170, 172 

Horsford, Aaron 86, 201 

Isaac 126 

Ithamer 126, 140, 141, 193, 201 

Reuben 225 

Samuel 125, 140, 141, 193, 201 

William 158 

Horton , Amos .....211 

Gideon 140, 141, 187 

Hiram 201 

Hoskins, Nehemiah 8 

Hossington, Elias 66 

Hotchkiss, Obadiah 151 

Ho ton, Jonathan 46 

Hough, Daniel 191 

John 64 

Lent 34 

Houghton, Cyrus 113 

Ebenezer 113 

Edward 8 

House, Alexander 209 

Elijah i6t 

John 23, 162, 176, 191, 209, 268 

Joseph 42,77 

Simeon 209 

Stephen 72, 77, 290 



396 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



Hovey, Ebenezer Ju*" 194 

How, (See also Howe) Abner 18 

Benjamin 106 

Isaac 240 

Moses 223 

Peter 193 

Uriah 46 

Howard, Col 304 

Abner 78 

Benjamin 31 

Ebenezer 66 

Ephraim 50 

Jacob 63 

James 220 

Jonas 30 

Jonathan 19 

Nathaniel 50 

Seth 220 

Silas 113 

Thomas 300 

Howe, (See also How) John 73, 95 

Pearly 225 

Howell, David 177 

Howland, John 164 

Nathan 192 

Howlbrook, Daniel 59. 95 

Hoyt, see Hoit 

Hubbard, Edmond 30 

John 32, 183 

Jonathan 63 

Josiah 32 

Leverit 64 

Moses. 30, 68 

Samuel 98 

William 99 

Hubbart, George 198 

Hutbd 4 Aaron 144 

David 45 

Hubbert, John 63 

Hudson, Barzilla 21 

Seth 337 

Hulet, Joseph 28 

Huling, Alexander 226 

Hull, Lemuel 128 

Samuel 59. 95 

Hummerston, Ephraim 112 

Humphray, George 34 

Humphrays, Nathaniel 31 

Nathaniel Jr 31 

Humphrey, Ozias 34 

Humphreys, Asahel 45 

Humphry, David 213 

John 213 

William 130 

Hungerford, Oliver 226 

Samuel 291, 347, 349 

Thomas 292 

Hunneywell, Josiah 66 



Hunt, Arad 218, 219, 223, 306, 369 

Elisha 223, 303 

Jonathan. .86, 97, 98, 218, 219, 293, 
306, 369 

Samuel 302, 30} 

Thomas 192, 2 \o 

Hunter, Robert \j± 

William 192 

Huntington, Amos 75, 193 

Amos Jr 75 

Andrew 213 

Benjamin 190 

David 167 

Ebenezer 213 

Eleazer 162 

Eliphalet 89, 160 

Jabez 40 

Jonas 158 

Joseph 89, 160 

Joseph Jun 89, 160 

Joshua 191 

Levi 190 

Silas 106 

Zephannah 190 

Hurd, Abijah 46 

Bethel 192 

Richard 203 

Truman 46 

Hurlburt, John 138 

John Jur 1 19 

Hurlbut, Elijah 138 

John 119 

Philip 119 

Reuben 226 

Hutchins, William 103 

Hutchinson, Abijah 185 

Asa 76 

Bartholomew 28, 63 

Hezekiah 86, 183 

John 185 

Hutson, Aaron 106, 205 

Charles 106 

Ebenezer 205 

Hyde, (See also Hide) Abijah 59. 95 

Ebenezer. 19. 103, 123, 193 

Elihu 162 

Eliphalet 87 

Henry *-3 

Jacob 1-3 

Jedediah 31, 61, 65, 70, 99, 144, 183,307 

Jedediah (of Royalton) 176 

Jedediah Junr 84, 99 

Levi 191 

Peleg • 10, 99 

William 84 

Indecott, John. 4° 

Ingersoll, Jonathan 22, 112, 196 



INDEX OF NAMES OF PERSONS 



397 



Ingraham, Benja 145 

Benjamin Jur 145 

Ephraim .123 

Isham, Benjamin 70 

Ives, Abraham 46, 105 

Amos 20, 105 

Enos 135 

Ezra 64, 183 

James 183 

Jonah 105 

Jotham 46, 105 

Lazarus 183 

Reuben 105 

Thomas 138, 167, 213 

Jackson, Abraham 105, 308 

Abraham Jur 105, 193 

Asahel 105 

David 183 

David Jun 183 

Ephraim 183 

Ezekiel 183 

Henry 78 

Jedediah 105 

Jethro 105 

Joseph 105 

Michael 78 

Moses 183 

William 105 

Jacobs, John 207 

Parmela 207 

Simeon 170, 172